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TOPICS OF THE DAY.

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TOPICS OF THE DAY. GLADSTONE ON THE TYNE. The Morn comes jocund over yellow hills, And down by springs that bubble 'mid the heather, Dipping her white foot in the merry rills, -—- Trailing her orient tresses all together By glade and valley, till her presence fills Wide wold and dusky woodland. Golden weather Buffets old Care away, the sombre spectre, And turns one's matin coffee into nectar. Rare month of leisure is the month of mists And sunsets, glad October. Hill and moor, Joyous to barristers and journalists And vexed M.P.'s, are trodden as of yore With dog and gun. A rare relief exists In this fresh ether, far from London roar- A power to brace the nerves and banish lassitude: lIe who neglects it has stupendous crassitude. But as men differ, differ too opinions And some there are who do not care to walk O'er the crisp ling, and mark the fluttering pinions. A most perverse propensity to talk Sends them throughout her Majesty's dominions Seeking an audience. Marked with whitest chalk The day whereon the folk of any city Will listen, and declare them wise or witty. Such Gladstone's taste-such Palmerston's, sometimes— Such, but a year ago, the taste of Bright, To whom we love to dedicate our rhymes. What has become of that vociferous wight ? Is he appalled by war in Yankee climes ? Or for Reform does he disdain to fight? Or has the truth made way into his noddle That Long Vacation's not the time for twaddle ? Gladstone, however, talks enough for twenty, Of th'Emperor and Cobden eulogistic; A happy orator, with words in plenty, Easy, unblushing, coolly egoistic. Egad, amid my dolce jar niente (Which now I interrupt to pen a distich) !is quite a bore to hear him prate of wine, Paper, and hops, to people by the Tyne. But Gladstone likes it, and Newcastle too— Also the Mayor, who owns a local paper, Which the wise Chancellor praised till all was blue. When from the lecture-room's applausive vapour Tyndall at Cambridge a hard snowball drew,* There was a lesson in't the astonished gaper Gould not perceive. The empty breath of praise Will turn to ice, perchance, in after days. Before these careless verses are in type Some other prolix talkers may have uttered Their annual bathos. Let them. Noon is ripe On the warm hill-side. Lo, a pheasant fluttered There in the copse. A landscape fit for Cuyp A Slopes to where Ocean his old chant has muttered All through the ages. Out into the air! Self-flattering Gladstone will not reach us there. C.-The Press. Vide Proceedings of the British Association. I THE JAPANESE.—A Japanese landed proprietor has Jte intelligence to discover that J he can work his mines "fist by steam, and accordingly he imports a steam- engine from England. Here is the readiness to improve, to turn foreign skill to the development of natural advantages! Not quite so. Two years afterwards Sir Alcock, stepping off the high road at the risk of his life, to visit the mines of this intelligent and spirited Proprietor, found the steam-engine lying unused and rusty, because it would displace hand labour. The same ^lightened sentiment in this country would have forbidden the use of the plough, and doomed us to this jfey only to such amount of the fruits of the earth as could b8 obtained from it by scratching the soil with a forked stick. We are not at all disposed to dogmatise about the of the Japanese. It may be that feudalism as made them what they are, and but for it they might ?*ve all the aptitudes Sir R. Alcock assigns to them, t4 posse, but what is the use of enlarging upon what a People might, could, would, or should be, or may be century or two hence, if a revolution were to take Place, of which there is at present not the most distant Prospect? Ages have made them what they are, and it pU take ages of an oppesite system to make them dif- Meanwhile we must make the best of our inter- course with them in their present state, compounding En and all its consequences. It is a pestilent nglish habit to have a hankering for revolutionising People whose institutions are not conformable to ann notlons* W. Napier brought about the conquest annexation of a nation in India, by no better Plea than that it was feudal, and its Government one of *«mroda; and the British Parliament of sportsmen and game laws, accepted the argument and its tmtta. Juster motions prevail now, and though we heartily rejoice at Seeing a nation shake off vices of government, and work PtLt its regeneration, like Italy, we have ceased to think it our errand to be the Quixotic redresser of grievances j° the whole world. But still we confess an uneasy feei- ng when we see the institutions of a country alleged to 1)6 the sole obstacle to certain, or rather uncertain, great c°tnmercial advantages. And is Sir Richard Alcock of opinion that our relations with the Japanese rulers will r 6 improved by the enmity they may expect from us, in |egarding them as the sole impediments to a largely ^creased and profitable trade ?—Examiner. GARIBALDI.-Few foreigners know what England is, Or what Englishmen think. No nation is more charac- e*istically unanimous in its ordinary judgment of oreign affairs. There was a time when the Government Od the upper classes, still impressed with the memory Napoleon's piratical policy, steadily supported the continental rulers against movements which might J^cilitate French spoliation. For many years, however, good wishes of England have attended every effort *j«xch has been made for the attainment of national J *%hts or of constitutional freedom. The zealous Liberals *ho subscribe to Garibaldi funds, though tbey possess ?either social nor political influence, only exaggerate, the natural pursuit of notoriety and importance, the which controls the policy of the Government **td the country. All England wishes well to Italy; and | j £ ere was scarcely a dissentient voice to question censure which condemned the useless and mis- jJUevous enterprise against Rome. The friends of ° <hi re8retted that tbe fabric of the new Monarchy yould be exposed to BO early a risk, and they were c^ost as much disappointed by finding that Garibaldi ovud no longer be trusted to maintain the liberty 1 "aich he had assisted in founding. Nothing could be ,?rther from English habits of thought than any tolera- i *on for the anarchic democracy which would supersede action of a legitimate Government by the caprice of 8 multitude, or of an individual leader. It was not .bl the skirmish of Aspromonte had removed the im- I Dent cause of danger that a melancholy satisfaction 3 as felt in the opportunity of once more indulging a wsonal sympathy with the fallen adventurer. The 1 "^versal opinion of England was favourable to an ^nesty, and some impetuous friends of the Italian cause subscribed a few hundred pounds for the purpose y J sending an eminent surgeon to examine the wounds oi F illustrious prisoner. Garibaldi by no means shared **e belief of the French journalist that Lord Palmerston § caK- ^r- Partridge £ 5,000 as the subscription of his ? fe i-net to a forei'gn insurrection. It is creditable to his f ehngs that he should he grateful to a nation which un- v-^otedly admires his character; but he ought not to mis- r r^aerstand a personal tribute as a proof th at the most sober 11 conservative of nations has suddenly fallen in love with ? ocialism and Red Republics. In an address written in 8ty!e of a suburban melodrama, Garibaldi appeals v in prejudices which are happily unknown I if« i?g Even if the population suddenly devoted self to the occupation of seizing property and cutting v throats of its owners, there would still be a general a e]udice against the servile adoption of French revolu- 4 th°Oary patterns. The "principles of '89," whatever may be, iare but faintly appreciated by a country fi,.ich has principles of its own several centuries older, iih' less has any party in England the smallest desire to Sl J^tate the still more questionable principles of 1793; {" Garibaldi thinks it prudent in two separate passages, applaud the French for their institution of the d fen ^P the Goddess of Reason. That highly dis- th is female is invidiously contrasted with Set ,Pe' wbo> as the supposed anti-type of the c J"»rlet Lady, is certainly not popular with the charity of Englishmen; but if it were necessary to U '°ose between Pius IX. and the notorious Mrs. Momoro, al persons would certainly not prefer the celebrated .Publican deity. English feeling is Protestant as £ ^eri-nst Roroanism, but the respectable subscribers to the t0 raical mission of Spezzia belong, -with few exceptions, A congregations, which have no respect what- tlw tor the brazen goddess of revolutinary Paris. If i>alrpare any fanitics who listen complacently to Gari- m wi!d and turgid rant, they are happily not worth hi ng in the mi°3t of a community which scarcely w *«air of their existence- An Italian who seriously tt iiw; to provide his country with useful allies will pi HOW POWER and influence are distributed A •oy nation which he may wish to conciliate, tt No enthusiasm for, Republican theories can affect the practical supremacy in England of those who sup- port the existing Constitution. The Government, the Parliament, the owners of property, the educated classes, are, one and all, opposed to the adoption of idle theories which embody themselves in pretended worship of god- desses of reason. Especially, they prefer freedom and order, at home and abroad, to military or democratic dictatorship, for any purpose, or under any pretext. If Garibaldi thinks that they are wrong, he must neverthe- less admit that they dispose of the army and navy, of the diplomacy, and of the moral influence of England. The English Jacobins, if they exist, are not worth count- ing, as they have no means of influencing the course of affairs in any part of the world.— Saturday Review.

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