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Superphosphates as Manure.

Flower Garden and Shrubberies.




A VOICE FROM LANCASHIRE. The following letter on this subject appeared in the columns of a morning ,contemporary Let the existing depression in the cotton trade asad the distress it engenders,, coupled with the noble forti- tude-shown by the factory operatives now on the point of starvation, be my excuse for detailing what I saw to- day as I made my fortnightly round for rents. An elderly female, a widow with two boys, who in times of full work paid her Tent regularly and -cheerfully for several years, had, up to last week, by thriftiness and industry, and the earnings of her two sons, aged respect- ively fifteen and thirteen, who worked in a coal-pit, managed to keep herself above the' guardians. But for the last five weeks her boys have had no work; anxiety has made her ill. The little hoard, which she had care- fully saved, has, bit, been exhausted; her stockings, petticoats, and other articles of attire, have, one by one, been sold for food; and on Saturday last her boys, as she stood dressed in -nothing but a pair of old slippers, and a cotton dress, trembling with cold, asked her for food; -but had nøne. She then sent the lads out to get what they could, and this (Monday) morning she was without food. She next sent her boys to the relieving officer. He heard their tale of suffering, and on Monday morning, knowing they were without food, told them u that their mother must come before the guardians on Friday next, and they would inquire into the-ease." No help in the meantime. Four days more to be spent without food! Impossible! Go to the policeman," says the poor mother, and tell him to come here." The policeman came a kind old man—and searched the house, and saw for himself. Be felt for the poor woman, heard-her tale, and went to the houfie of a manufacturer close by, and told it there. The bsok- keeper soon went and gave the woman a shilling. He left, and, returning again, brought her some new calico to make up articles which she stood in need of. iLpaflsed him at the door, and, as she raised her sad wan face, and sighed, Ah here you are for the rent." I felt entirely unmanned by that look, and at once said, "I did not expect any." On inquiring into her circumstances, I learnt than the shilling, had been spent in bread and treacle, and as she looked forward till Friday, she said, What mun I do? what mun I do P The only articles of furniture were two old beds, on the most miserable stocks.; one chair, a long stool, a fender, and a poker. I lingered a while, and tried to sooth her anxieties about the rent. I told her not to fear. She paid when fhe was able, and, now she was unfortunately distressed, that was her home. She should still remain until' times mended. My hand instinctively went into my pocket. I tried to keep her from starving till Friday. In another house I found a man and wife, and three children:; till the last fortnight the man had worked for the labour test at Is. 6d. per head a-week for himself and family, which, after paying rent, left 6s, only to keep five fellow creatures. No wonder, thought I, their starved appearance. The man's health was failing for want of food. He still got his 7s. 6d; from the parish, but nothing from, the relief committee, as it appears to be the invariable rule, that where the guardians relieve the relief committee should keep aloof, it being taken for granted that Is. 6d. per head a-week will maintain a family. I write, sir, first to show the distress as it is and secondly, to point out the manner in which the relief is administered. In good times nearly all classes of persons invested money in the co-operative mills, many of which are now being erected. Short time has suddenly come. The calculations of many have been overthrown, and they have not been able to pay their monthly calls. The share market is so low that no sale can be made. The scrip is at present wholly worthless, and yet the possessor of shares in any company, whether it has worked or not, is considered a property owner, and barred from receiv- ing relief.' The relief committee here act on the same prinsiple, and its effect is simply this—that all persons who, in full time and good work wasted their money, are considered fit and proper persons to receive relief; and all who were saving, and tried to better their condition by investing in co-operative companies, are property owners and unfit to be relieved! Tbe consequences are bad in the extreme. It appears to me to be setting a premium on vice, and leaving virtue below par. Again, the guardians will not relieve a person who has received from the relief committee two quarts of soup and four pounds of meal twice a-week, and therefore the relief given is inadequate to the existing: distress. I am glad to find that this view of the ease is now taken by a few members of the relief eommittee and guardians. In- the neighbouring town of Todmorden, a woman is reported to have died of congestion of the lungs," accelerated by starvation. I cannot praise the bearing qf the working classes too highly, dignified as it is and I appeal to the benevolent to help us through the coming winter. P. ———, Tf

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