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UNPRECEDENTED DESTRUCTION…

SYSTEMATIC PLUNDER OF EMPLOYERS.

GARIBALDIAN RIOTS IN HYDE…

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GARIBALDIAN RIOTS IN HYDE PARK Hyde-park was on Sunday the scene of a riot far exceeding in magnitude and in its serious conse- quences that which took place on that day week. I In consequence of the interruption there was to the meeting of sympathy with Garibaldi by a body of Irish roughs, and who succeeded in thwarting the object of its conveners, large bodies of working men had given notice to the committee that they intended being present in the park and supporting them at all'hazards. The committee, Dot feeling justified in incurring the responsibility of calling a second meeting for Sunday, when a collision was likely to ensue, determined to abandon their inten- tion to hold the meeting, and during last week issued a notice to that effect. The publicity given through the press to last Sunday's proceedings, however, combined with the fact that the abandonment of the meeting had not become generally known, caused an immense assemblage in the park yesterday. Before 2 o'clock all the principal thoroughfares leading to Hyde-park were crowded with persons proceeding towards it, many of them carrying thick sticks, and by 3 o'clock the'police on duty estimated that at least 100,000 persons had passed through the park gates. As on the previous Sunday, the mound of earth near the Marble-arch was the centre of attraction, and at an early hour of the afternoon it was taken possession of by a body of about 200 Irish labourers, armed with bludgeons, who at once raised the cry of "Three cheers for the Pope, and down with Garibaldi." Immediately surrounding this mound were stationed about 500 more of the same class similarly armed, and who openly expressed their intention to oppose by force any meeting being held p 11 in favour of Garibaldi. It soon became rumoured through the crowd that the committee did not intend holding any meeting, and while many approved of this decision, by far the greater number expressed much disappointment. On this becoming known to the Irish party on and about the mound, they set up a loud shout, and began taunting the Gari- baldian party for their cowardice. Aworkingman who, unperceived by the Irish, had made his way on to the mound, here rushed to the front, and, waving his hat, and holding aloft a board with the name of Garibaldi painted upon it, called, upcn the vast mass of people in front and around the mound to give three cheers for the Italian patriot, which appeal was re- sponded to by a tremendous burst of cheering from the assembled thousands. In an instant a dozen of the Irish bludgeons rattled about the head of the Garibaldian champion, and he was hurled from the mound bleeding profusely. This was the first act of violence committed, and was followed by a desperate rush of the Garibaldians upon the Irishmen, who from the advantageous position they held, their determination, and the free use of their cudgels, succeeded in beating back their assailants, but few of whom had anything but nature's weapons at their command. Just at this time a body of powerful Irish labourers and others came upon the ground, all armed with sticks, and fought their way up to their countrymen, who, thus reinforced, and embolded by their recent triumph, with loud hurrahs for the Pope made a desperate rush amidst the crowd, knocking down indiscriminately men, women, and children, amongst others two or three soldiers of the Guards, who seemed an especial object of dislike to the Irishmen. The Garibaldians, irritated at this cowardly and ruffianly attack, and headed by about twenty soldiers, who had rushed to the aid of their comrades, then fought their way up to the mound, and after a severe struggle with the Irishmen ranged around its base, succeeded in obtaining a footing upon: t. The scene now became one of great ex- citement. The soldiers, who were armed with sticks supplied them by the crowd, amid the. cheering of the Garibaldians and the yells and shouting of the Irish, laid about them with unsparing vigour. The blows from the sticks resounded on all sides, and blood began to flow freely from the heads of both parties. Each soldier had at least a dozen assailants to contend with, many of whom were evidently expert at the use of their weapons, and possessed of sufficient bulldog ferocity to make them most formidable opponents. At least a dozen men were lying at this time bleeding and senseless on the top of the mound, and the soldiers were on the point of being overpowered by numbers, when about half- a-dozen of the Life Guards, about the same number of the 3rd Buffs, followed by a body of at least fifty working men with sticks and umbrellas, rushed on to the mound and turned the tide of victory. After a terrific melee of about five minutes the Irish gave way, and made a precipitate retreat from their position. One soldier of the 3rd Buffs, a short thick- set man, armed with a piece of park rail, knocked down six of the Irishmen in succession, receiving in return a severe wound in the forehead. As the Irishmen were beaten from the mound, the people below seized upon those who had made themselves most conspicuous, and dragged them to the outskirts of the crowd, and gave them in charge to the police- men, several of whom were there stationed, but with orders not to interfere unless under the personal orders of' the commissioner. Those who were iden- tified as having taken an active part in the first on- slaught upon the people were at once taken off to the station-house. The Garibaldians and the soldiers being now in possession of the mound, one of the soldiers was hoisted on the shoulders of his comrades, and said if any of the committee were present who had called the meeting last Sunday, and wished to propose a resolution in favour of Garibaldi, the soldiers would form a circle around the mound, and guarantee them a hearing. No one, however, responded to this appeal, but it gave rise to one of the greatest bursts of cheers that ever resounded in Hyde-park, followed by more cheers for the army. The Irish, now driven from the mound and rendered perfectly infuriate by their defeat in that quarter, formed themselves into several detached bodies of about 200 each, and forcing their way into the crowd in different direc- tions, began striking at all within their reach. It was estimated that there was at this time about 200,000 people assembled, and the wishes of one portion of the crowd to escape the blows of these ruffians, the determined stand made against them by other portions, the shouts of the men, the shrieks of the women, and th6 cries of the juveniles pre- sented a scene of the most alarming description. Sticks were being used and stones were flying in all directions, and at least 2,000 people were battling in different parts of the park. In some cases knives were used, and several persons were taken off the ground who had been stabbed. About 500 soldiers were now mixed up in the crowd, great numbers of whom were fighting against the Irishmen, who at last were overpowered, and fled in all directions, many of them meeting with knots- of Garibaldians, by whom they were severely maltreated. Sir R. Mayne and Captain Harris, the Commissioners of Police, now came upon the ground, and it getting dusk, and seeing the alarming state of affairs, dispatched a constable to the Wellington Barracks for a strong picket of the Fusiliers, about fifty of whom, under the command of an officer, but without arms, speedily attended, one party taking possession of the mound, and the other ordering the soldiers into barracks. A strong body of the D division of police, who had been kept in reserve in the Marble-arch, were also brought on the ground under the command of Captain Harris. These measures, combined with the retreat of the Irishmen, and the approach of dusk, put a stop, to the proceedings, and the people gra- dually left the park, which became quite cleared by 8 o'clock. A large number of persons were severely injured during the afternoon, and the various sur- geries in the neighbourhood were crowded with parties waiting to have their wounds dressed. It is to be hoped the authorities will take measures to prevent any repetition of these disgraceful doings next Sunday.

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