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- THE NEWS BUDGET. --
THE NEWS BUDGET. New Licences.-By the Metropolis Local Manage- ment Act, passed at the end of the late Session, new licenses are to be granted from and after the lstNovem- ber next for slaughter-houses and also for cow-houses. No person is to keep cows without a licence obtained from the justices at a special sessions under a penalty of £ 5. Notice is to be given of the application, and tha vestry or district board may oppose the granting of the licence. The fee for a licence is not to exceed 5s. Fourteen days' notice of the intention to apply for a licence for a slaughter-house or for a cow-house is to be given to the vestry, and seven days' notice to the clerk of the justices of the intended application. Munificent Gift.—William Tite, Esq., M.P., served the office of Master of the Spectaclemakers'_ Company, during the past year, with general approbation for his urbanity and ability, and signalised his retirement from the office (in which he is succeeded by George Dollond, Esq.) by giving £1,000 to the charitable funds, to establish four pensions to the,widows of liverymen of the company. This is the third instance of the honourable member's kindness in connection with the City of London, as he had already founded two scholarships at the City School, and two studentships at St. Thomas's Hospital, by the presentation of even larger sums than the endow- ment in connection with the company, of which he has been a member for upwards of 35 years. Ci(iv Press. Fatal Mistake.-A lad, aged 17, son of a farmer named Laurent, at Vergeau (Yonne), met with his death, a few nights back, in a singular manner. He was amusing himself behind the hedge of another farmer, named Juventy, imitating the cry of the screech-owl. The presence cf that bird, it is well known, is legarded by the peasantry as an ill omen, and Juventyv hearing the cry, immediately fetched his gun, with the intention of shooting it. Seeing something white moving through the edge he fired, lodging the entire charge of the gun in the brea3t of the unfortunate lad. Some neighbours hastened to the spot, and, with the assistance of Juventy, carried the youth to the residence of his parents", where he shortly expired. On seeing Juventy, he was just able to say, You have killed me, but it was my fault." A letter from New York says:—" There has never been known in the Union such a fruit season as this. On every side walk are stands; in every corner grocery you will find pyramids of Bartlett pears, luscious peaches, purple plums, mountains of water-melons and cantelopes. Apples are countless, and grapes are given away. They are all cheap. A Jersey man, who came to the city expecting to get a good price for a load of pears, finding that he could not get one-twentieth of the price of last year, gave them all away." Fine Babies on Sale.—We have from New Orleans a curious correspondence about negro babies. It seems that the State of Louisiana has formerly been in the receipt of a very nice little revenue from the sale of all the negro children born of convicts in the State Prison. Some stupid Yankee has taken it into his head that raising human beings for sale in this way is wrong, and so he writes to General Butier asking his opinion. Uncle Ben tells him not to sell another Daby.-New York Tnbune. Drunkenness and Manslaughter. — About six o'clock on Wednesday evening a man named Edward Cullen, aged 82 years, living in Snn-yard, Smithy-street, Halifax, died of injuries received on Saturday noon at the hands of one John Hughes, an Irishman, about 21 years of age. Cullen was proceeding up Woolsbops, in that town, when Hughes, who was intoxicated and making a disturbance in the street, rushed at the old man, dealt him a fearful blow on the head, knocked him. down, and was proceeding to use further violence when some passers-by interfered. Hughes, at the time of giving the blow, was heard by the persons in the street to say, I have killed one man and served nine months, and will kiil another." Hughes, three or four years ago, was apprehended on a charge of murdering a man called Davis, of Halifax, by striking him a blow behind the head with a stone. There was some difficulty in making out a case of wilful murder, and he was sen- tenced to nine months' imprisoment for manslaughter. The prisoner is at large, the police authorities, who have a warrant against him, being unable to find him. The Great Northern Railway Accident at Offord.-The inquiry into the circumstances attending the death of John Johnson and Henry Lee, the un- fortunate engine-driver and fireman, by the late fatal accident on the Great Northern Railway, at Offerd, was resumed on Friday afternoon at that village by Mr. Mellor, coroner for the district. The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death in both cases. The jury also recommended that in future, previously to a por- table steam-engine being placed on a railway, the fly- wheel should be taken off for the security of the public travelling on railways, and with the view of preventing similar accidents. The deceased engine-driver, John Johnson, was married, as -was also the fireman, Henry Lee, who has left a widow and two children. Mr. Bower, at the close of the inquest, liberally expressed himself, in commiseration of the widows, as willing to give £ 10 towards their relief. The viaduct branch line of the London, Chat- ham, and Dover Railway, from the Victoria station at Pimlico to the Elephant and Castle, calling at the inter- mediate stations at Battersea-park, Clapham, Brixton, Herne-hill, Camberwell, to the Elephant and Castle, was opened for general passenger traffic on Monday morning. At 8-20 the first train, consisting of one first- class, and two second-class, and one third-class carriages, with a full complement of passengers, left the Elephant and Castle station, amidst the shouts of those assembled, and completed the journey throughout, stopping at all thesta- tionsin the time allottEld bythecompany, the whole journey being completed in 25 minutes. At the same time the up-train left the Victoria station, the two trains passing each other midway. The trains from either end, both up and down, continued to run throughout the entire day, at intervals of 45 to 30 minutes in each hour, and will do so up to ten o'clock at night every day, accord- ing to the present arrangement throughout the entire month. Islington Reformatory. — On Thursday the foundation stone was laid of a new structure for the Islington Reformatory, in Copenhagen-street, by Sir J. Tyler, in the absence, from indisposition, of the Rev. Daniel Wilson, the vicar. Mr. Harvey and other gentle- men having addressed the meeting on the advantages the old establishment had conferred upon the district, and on the extended sphere of usefulness in store for the new one, the company were invited to inspect those portions of the building already erected, and which indicated that it was already considerably advanced towards completion. The main building is of brick, plain and substantial, 100 feet long by 40 fdet wide, and at an elevation of 36 feet, the basement being divided into a series of reformatory workshops, and the upper story into one large ragged school, capable of holding 400 children, there being al- ready 380 on the books. There are two playgrounds, and a separate building set apart for dining-rooms, dor- mitories, lavatories, and infirmaries. The architect is Mr. C. Higgins, and the builder Mr. Wheen. The esti- mated cost is £2,100, of which sum £1,300 is required to complete it. It is expected to be ready for occupation by the end of November. Deliberate Child Murder.—On Thursday an inquiry was held at the Duke's Head Tavern, High- street, Whitechapel, by Mr. John Humphreys, one of the Middlesex coroners, respecting the death of a female child, which was found murdered 'in that neighbourhood on Sunday morning last. Norah Buckley, the wife of a stevedor, said that on last Sunday morning she found the deceased in Blacksmith-court wrapped up in a news- paper. She handed it over to the police. Dr. Comley, divisional surgeon to the police, said that he found the deceased to be a remarkably fine child about two hours old. There was a mark of a blow on the right parietal bone, with a corresponding injury to the brain. There were also marks which showed that a person had appa- rently seized hold of its head with a firmness which com- pressed the side of the skull, and then pressed the wind- pe with the thumb and finger of the other hand. The umbilical cord was roughly torn, and was not secured. The lungs were fully inflated, and the child had unques- tionably been born alive, and died from the violence to the head. The jury returned a verdict of Wilful murder against some person or persons unknown." Another Child Murder.—On Friday morning Mr. John Humphreys, the coroner for Middlesex, held an inquest at the Lamb Tavern, Dorset-street, Com- mercial-road, Ratcliff, respecting the death of a newly born female child, found murdered under circumstances of a very brutal character. The jury proceeded to view the body, which was lying in one of the arches of the London and Blackwall Railway, and upon their return the following evidence was adduced: Robert Waters, a dock constable, said that he was on duty on Saturday morning last, about eleven o'clock, when he saw a bundle floating in the water of the Regent's Canal Docks, Rat- cliff. He obtained a hitcher and brought it ashore. He opened it, and found the body of deceased, which "was found wrapped in a piece of old blanket, a child's petticoat, and an old stocking. There was some- thing round the neck, and the body had been in I 'the water upwards of a week. He called an officer, who conveyed the body to the parish dead-house. Dr. Orton, the medical officer of the district, said that he was di- rected to see the body, which was that of a fine fully I developed child. He had no doubt whatever that the deceased had died from strangulation wilfully inflicted by some one. Mr. Pemble, the officer, said that the police had given the usual notices, and after the learned Coroner had summed up in a succinct manner, the Jury returned a verdict of Wilful Murder against some person or persons unknown." Suicide of a Lady.—An inquest was held at Hodgkinson's Hotel, Matlock Bath, on Thursday even- ing, on the body of Jemima Wheatcroft, Esq., the wife of Edward Wheatcroft, Esq., who had that morning committed suicide by throwing herself from off a bal- cony, some twenty feet high, into the River Derwent, which was behind her husband's house. From the medical and other evidence it appeared that deceased had been in a low desponding way for some time, and that she had frequently expressed her intention of destroying herself. On the Wednesday previous she had become unusually excited and wild, which caused her family great trouble and uneasiness. She was, however, got to bed, and as the evening wore on she became more quiet. The family retired to rest with their fears somewhat subsided. "On the husband awaking at the break of day, and not finding his wife in the room, an alarm was immediately raised, and a search was made for her through:ut the house; but not finding her there, a boat was procured, and, on proceeding down the river, the lifeless body of the poor woman was found floating on the surface some distance from the house. After a care- ful consideration of the facts, the jury returned a verdict That the deceased had drowned herself while suffering rom temporary insanity." Shocking Murder in France. — A frightful triple murder has just thrown the neighbolfrhood of Fos (Bouches-du-Rhone) into a state of consternation. Two Spanish workmen arrived a few days ago in the above- mentioned village, and took up their residence at an inn kept by a man named Leautaud. A neighbour, tempo- rarily driven from his own house by repairs going on there, also slept at the inn on that night, in addition to the wife and child of Leautaud. About three in the morning the two men got up and called the landlord, and on his appearing stabbed him several times in the breast, and, to make sure of their object, cut his throat from ear to ear. The wife of Leautaud hearing the noise, hastened to the assistance of her husband, and imme- diately shared his fate. Lastly, the child, who had followed its mother in its night-dress, was seized at the foot of the staircase and its head cut off. The neighbour, who had become aware of the horrible carnage which was going on, and knowing that his death was certain if he appeared, leaped from the first floor window, and hastened to give the alarm. Some courageous men re- paired to the scene of the crime, and arrived while the murderers were occupied in plundering the house; one was arrested;after a'short struggle, but the other made his escape by a back door. The description of the latter has been forwarded in all directions, and it is hoped that he will soon be in the hands of justice. Riot on Holborn-hill. — On Monday night, a large number of Irish labourers, who usually assemble against the hoarding between Field-lane and Victoria- street, got up a discussion upon the respective merits of Garibaldi and the Pope, upon which a fight took place between two of the opposing parties. The police endea- voured to make peace, but were shamefully assaulted by the adherents of the Pope. In self-defence the officers were obliged to draw their truncheons and send for a reinforcement. In the interim the rioters were joined by levies of young and old from Saffron-hill, and affairs began to assume a serious aspect, the police being greatly out-numbered by their opponents, who used their utmost efforts to crush the police, who, however, were assisted by some of the bystanders until a fresh body of police arrived, which soon turned the tables, and the police succeeded in capturing two of the ringleaders, but not without severe fighting and several of the Irish sustain- ing severe injuries. Capture of a Shark.—A gentleman writing from the Isle of Wight gives the following account of the capture of one of these monsters of the deep:—While sit- ting upon a rock last Friday, about two o'clock, p.m., I observed a large fish floundering in the sea, a short dis- tance from the shore. On bringing my telescope to bear upon it I descried a huge fin above water, and while still wondering what it'could be I saw it turn on its side, evidently to seize some prey, and this convinced me it was a shark, and a very large one, too. Hastily sum- moning some fishermen, we embarked in a boat, armed with a hook on an iron chain, baited with beef. This, on approaching the monster, we dragged behind us. He immediately seized it in his rapacious jaws,, and then-- well for us that we were powerful men, for his efforts to escape were fearful—he tried Vith his teeth to cut the chain; he almost turned his stomach inside out to dis- | gorge the hook, but in vain. The struggle lasted half | an hour, when, quite spent, he suffered" his head to be drawn above water, and confining his tail with a noose we drew him to shore, and dispatched him with great difficulty by beating him on the head. He measured 18 feet 4 inches, and from his enormous mouth, containiBg six rows of hard, flat, sharp-pointed teeth (of which I counted 120), and the total abstinence of spiracles, its skin rough, hard, and prickly, I judged it to be the cartharias vulgaris, or white shark, which is, according to Cuvier, sometimes found on the British coast. I wished to have preserved the skeleton, but found the next day, to my regret, that not having been properly secured, the huge mass had been washed out to sea. Desperate Attempt at Suicide by a Guards- man.-A singular and desperate case of suicide was attempted by a private of the Coldstream Guards, named Sayers, in Sale-street, Paddington, on Saturday night, under the subjoined circumstances. At half-past eleven o'clock on Saturday night Police-constable 75 D was attracted to a scene of uproar and excitement near a public-house in the above street, and found the soldier struggling in a semi-unconscious state in the arms of two civilians, who stated that they had been in his company in the course of the evening, and that he had just wil- fully swallowed some oxalic acid while under the influence cf liquor. The constable removed the wretched man, with assistance, to St. Mary's Hospital, near at hand, and his case being made known, four or five medical gentle- men of the hospital immediately attended on him and administered several emetics, which seemed to produce the desired results, and he was at once put to bed. In his conscious state he pulled out of his pocket a piece of paper labelled poison," which he said contained oxalic acid that he purchased with his last penny at the shop of Mr. Watts, Edgware-road, avowedly for the purpose of removing stains from his tunic, and instead of applying it in that way he took it by means of eating it up in its dry state. On Sunday it was ascertained that he was progressing favourably, and hopes are entertained of his recovery. Painful Occurrence. — An accident of a very painful description occurred at Frogmoor End, near Box- moor, on Sunday evening. A young woman named Elizabeth Rutland, aged 18, and a married woman named Elizabeth Stratton, aged 33, wife of a shepherd, fell into a lock of the Grand Junction Canal at Apsley Mills, and were both drowned. It appeared in the evi- dence given at the inquest on Tuesday, that the two women had both been to Frogmoor End Church. After the service, the girl, who was a domestic servant, wished the shepherd's wife to accompany her as far as the lock gates, which she would have to cross on her way home. The night was extremely dark, and it was raining hard at the time. The women proceeded together in the di- rection of the lock gates, and were never afterwards seen alive. In consequence of their not returning to their respective homes, the lock was dragged, and the bodies of both were found, one in the lock and the other just out of it. The lock was full of water, and two or three boats passed through it after the accident and before the bodies were discovered. Mrs. Stratton has left three children, the voungest only 13 months old The jury re- turned a verdict of Found drowned." Destruction of a Flock of Sheep.—By one of the most extraordinary accidents which it has ever been ou? lot to chronicle, Mr. George Peel, an extensive occupier of land and sheep farmer, residing at Wymering Farm, near Cosham, within a short distance of Ports- mouth, lost more than a hundred sheep on the afternoon of Saturday last. It would appear that, in a large field on the Horndean-road, about half a mile from Waterloo, there was a flock of about 500 sheep, the property of Mr. Peel, which were in charge of a shepherd named Francis Whitcher. This man states that he left the sheep all right about 12 o'clock a.m., and went over to Waterloo to get a paunch for his dog, which he took with him. About half-past two word was brought to Mr. Peel's house that the sheep were in a ditch; and on James Carter, another of Mr. Peel's shepherds, going to the field, he found a vast number of sheep jammed together in the ditch, and the others striving to force their way in. With great difficulty the sheep were driven back, and 70 were got out of the ditch alive, but 114 were found dead in the ditch. The ditch is about 40 feet long, 12 feet wide, and six feet deep, ard it would seem that one sheep having gone in, the others followed, till they were all jammed in and literally suffocated. The ditch was I perfectly dry. The carcasses were got out and carted to Mr. Peel's farmyard, where in a very few hours the progress of decomposition was apparent. The skins were removed, and the carcasses were sold to knackers and tallowchandlers. Mr. Peel's loss will amount to upwards of J6200. Among those suffocated were five valuable ranM, and many of the ewes were with lamb. Capt. D. Robertson, R.N., has been appointed by the Royal National Lifeboat Institution its assistant inspector of lifeboats. The fleet of lifeboats of the insti- tution having so largely increased, the appointment of an additional inspector had become indispensable. Capt. Robertson had previously filled the office of honorary secretary of two of the branches of the Lifeboat Society; he has therefore had considerable experience of the im- portant duties that will devolve on him. Steam Vessels for Peru.-In addition to the Morona and Pastoza, paddle steam vessels, of 500 tons and 150 horse-power, recently built at the premises of Messrs. Samuda, Millwall, and forwarded to Peru for the navigation of the river Amazon, two model iron steamers bave just been completed by the firm named for the Peruvian Republic; and as they are intended for the interior of the country, and will be required to steer in shallow creeks, each vessel is constructed to draw but 16 inches of water, being nearly similar to the steamer built for and now in the service of Dr. Livingstone. The iron plates of which these vessels are constructed have been p merely bolted together for the convenience of transit, and they will be rivetted on arriving at their destination. Murder near Tuam.-A most horrible tragedy was enacted on Sunday at the Weir Village, within about a mile and a half of Tuam, involving the sacrifice 0 human life under circumstances of a most revolting and unnatural character. An old man named Qualter, upwards of seventy years of age, quite blind and infirm, was found lying dead in his house, about three o'clock, p.m., with his skull fearfully fractured and several other marks upon his body, which leaves no doubt whatever of his having met an awful and violent death. An old hatchet stained with blood was found in the room near the corpse. Suspicion having strongly pointed to some of the immediate members of deceased's family who lived with him, and consisted of two sons, two daughters, and a daughter-in- law, the police arrested the whole party, who were brought into town and underwent a preliminary examina. tion before Mr. Redmond, R.M. Murder near Preston.-On Sunday evening a party of Irish harvest-men had been drinking at the Swan Inn, in the small town of Kirkham, about nine miles from Preston, and had got primed in liquor. At closing time the landlord, Mr. Henry Rawcliffe, requested them to go away, but they would not do so, and it was found necessary to call in a policeman. The men were then removed. Whilst they were in the street Mr. Raw- cliffe went to one of the room windows for the purpose of seeing how the police-officer was going on with the men. He was standing in front of the window, when one of the men observed him, and suddenly threw at him a heavv poker, which struck his forehead and penetrated the skull to the depth of four inches. Mr. Rawcliffe died soon afterwards, and, what is still more sad to relate, Mrs. Rawcliffe, when she became aware of the circumstance, was so terribly shocked that she died in about an hour after her husband. Three of the men !were taken into custody, brought before the Kirkham magistrates, and they were remanded for a few days. On Thursday Patrick Cain was charged before the magistrates with the above murder. Police-constable Fletcher stated that whilst he was endeavouring to apprehend some persons the prisoner got hold of him, evidently with the view of preventing him from discharging his duty. Eliza Fuller- ton said After the crowd had dispersed I saw the pri- soner with a female named Smith. He had a poker in one hand, similar to the one produced, and I heard him say, By the holy jabers, I will put the contents of what I have in my hand through Sergeant Lofthouse, or I will have the prisoner rescued." Afterwards, I saw the pri- soner standing in a corner, in the front of the Swan Inn. He had then a poker in his hand, and was alone. I soon afterwards heard a scream, as if from the Swan and, on going there, I found that Rawcliffe had been struck with a poker, which was protruding from his right eye. Witness stated that the prisoner had no coat on; and several other persons deposed that they saw a man without his coat in the neighbourhood of the Swan on Sunday night. Two witnesses, indeed, saw the person in question hurl something at one of the windows of the inn. The prisoner was remanded. Another man, named Kilbain, is in custody. Croydon Great Annual Stock Fair.-On Thursday this three-days' fair commenced with the sale of stock, sheep, and horses. It is one of the chief stock marts in the county of Surrey, and creates much interest among cattle owners and stock and horse dealers. The at- tendance was unusually large, and business was transacted as follows. Cattle-A large field of mixed stock was on sale; dairying cattle was in high request; well-bred, large-framed, short-ho-n cows sold at froir. X17 to JB21; and ditto to calve down, X15 to £18; Alderney and country-bred cows, in full profit, .Ell to £ 15; beasts in high condition (grass fatted), £ 17 to s823. Store Beasts-Devon steers, .Ell to £14, Sussex ditto, X14 to £15, and ditto oxen broke to the yoke, £40 to X44 the pair; Welsh bullocks, X9 to £10; ditto heifers, X6 to 98; well-bred short-born heifers, X8 to JE11; and ditto bullocks, zC12 to £16. Yearlings and lean cattle bad a slow trade at low figures. Sheep- Y oUDg sound Southdown ewes, 40s. to 44s. a head; broken-mouthed ewes, 29s. to 34s.; Dorset ewes, 32s. to 40s. Lambs-Choice bred wether lambs, 25s. to 26s.; ewe, ditto, 22s. to 24s.; and small stock lambs, 18s. to 21s. a head. Tups—Rams of good pedigree 3 to 6 guineas; and tup lambs, 5 to 7 guineas; nearly the whole of the sheep pens were cleared out by 12 o'clock. Horses-the largest show seen at this fair for many years; business was sluggish, and only best descriptions could obtain sale. Sound cart horses for town work fetched 30 to 40 guineas seasoned ditto, for agricultural purposes, 18 to 25 guineas; pro- mising cart colts, 24 to 30 guineas; horses for riding and drivipg, 18 tc 25 guineas; strong ditto for vans, &c., 18 to 28 guineas. Irish colts, handsome grown promising colts, 16 to 24 guineas; Welsh ponies, 4 to 7 guineas. The Supposed Matricide at Halifax.-The cause of the death of Betty Helliwell, whose lifeless body was found in a stone quarry at Soyland, near Halifax, formed the subject of an inquiry before a coroner's jury on Monday. William Helliwell, the son of the deceased, in custody on suspicion of having murdered the woman, was present during the investigation. The evidence showed that the body when discovered was in a shock- ingly mutilated condition, that there were several fearful external wounds, and that every bone was broken but it failed to bring home the crime to the suspected son. Several witnesses gave testimony supporting the proba- bility that the death of Mr. Helliwell was accidental, and that her fatal injuries were sustained by falling into the quarry on Thursday night, when on her way to the house of her daughter after a quarrel with her son. This assumption is corroborated by the fact that when her body was discovered there was lying near it a lantern, with a candle in it almost burnt out. The jury closed an inquiry extending over many hours by re- turning an open verdict, and the son was liberated from custody. Melancholy Suicide.—An inquest was held o* Tuesday, at Coventry, on the body of a young woman, named Agnes Coltman, who was found drowned in the Coventry Canal on the previous day. Mrs. Esther Colt- man deposed that the deceased was her daughter, and was seventeen years of age last birthday. On Sunday last, having reason to suspect that she was enceinte, wit- ness charged her with it, but she strenuously denied it. She seenwd in very low spirits, and after tea, while the witness was at a neighbour's, she called in to ask a little child to come and read the Bible to her, the deceased herself being unable to read. The deceased then returned to the house with the neighbour's little girl, and shortly afterwards, on the witness coming home, she found that her daughter had gone out, leaving word that she would be back in a few minutes. She did not return, however, and though the witness instituted every inquiry, she was unable to find her.. John Barton, labourer, said he was walking by th) canal side on Tuesday morning, when he picked up a bonnet, which he found under the hedge, and, suspecting that somebody was in the water, he pro- cured the drags and assisted in searching the canal. In a short time the body of the deceased was recovered. There were no marks of violence upon her person. The jury, having heard the evidence, returned a verdict of "Suicide while in a state of insanity." The Danger of playing with Firearms.—An accident of a melancholy character, and attended with loss of life has just taken place at Instow, near Bideford, and it affords another illustration of the danger resulting from the practice of keeping loaded fire-arms in dwell- ing-houses. On Friday last Mr. John Lock, of Instow, was about to go shooting for the day, and his gun-a loaded one-was taken down from its usual place over the chimney-piece, by John Folland, a young man in the employment of Mr. Lock. It appeared that Mr. Lock's son, George, a lad about 14 years of age, had re- turned to bis father's house from school on the previous night, and to this youngster Folland handed the loaded gun, although it is not stated whether he was aware of its dangerous character. A maid servant, Jane Madge by name, was standing on the doorway, and to her young Lock said be should like to shoot a bird. The girl spor- tively replied, "Shoot me." Without any further observation from any one, the lad raised the gun and fired at the girl, the charge entering her head and scattering her brains in many directions. Death was in- stantaneous. An inquest upon the body of the unfor- tunate young woman was held on Saturday, when evidence as to the case having been given, the jury returned a verdict in accordance with the facts as sworn to before them. The accident has create! a painful feeling in the neighbourhood.
PROCLAMATION OF PRESIDENT…
PROCLAMATION OF PRESIDENT LIN- COLN FOR THE EMANCIPATION OF THE SLA VES. The Royal Mail steamship Australasian, Captain Cook, which sailed from New York en the 24!.h and called off Cape Race on the 27th September, arrived in the Mersey about 11 o'clock on Monday morning. The following highly important proclamation in reference to slavery has been issued by President Lin- coln :— By THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PROCLAMATION. WASHINGTON, SEPT. 22. I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, do hereby proclaim and declare that here- after, as heretofore, the war will be prosecuted for the object of practically restoring the constitutional rela- tions between the United States and the people thereof, in which states that relation is, or may be, suspended or disturbed; that it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of Congress, to again recommend the adoption of a practical measure tendering pecuniary aid to the free acceptance or rejection of &ll the slave states, so called, the people whereof may not then be in rebellion against the United States, and which states may then have voluntarily adopted, or thereafter may voluntarily adopt, the immediate or gradual abolishment of slavery withic their respective limits; and that the efforts to colon isepersons of African descent, with their consent, upon the continent or else- where, with the previously obtained consent of the Go- vernments existing there, will be continued; that on the 1st day of January, in the year of our Lord 1863, all persons held as slaves within any state, or any designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be thenceforward and for ever free; and the executive Government of the United States, in- cluding the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognise and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom;" that the exe- cutive will on the 1st day of January aforesaid, by pro- clamation, designate the states and parts of states, if any, in which the people thereof respectively shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any state, or the people thereof, shall on that day be in good faith represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such state shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong counter- vailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such state and the people thereof have not been in re- bellion against the United States. That attention is hereby called to an act of Congress, entitled An Act to make an additional Article of War,' approved March 13, 1862, and which act is in the word and figure following: Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that hereafter the following shall be promulgated as an additional article of war for the government of the a'rmy of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as such: 'Article.—All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitives from service or labour who may have escaped from any person to whom such service or labour is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found guilty by a court-martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from the service.' Section 2.—And it be further enacted that this act shall take effect from and after its passage. Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled An act to suppress insurrection, to punish treason and rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes,' approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figures following' Section 9.-And be it further enacted that all slaves of per- sons who shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the Government of the United States, or who shall in any way give aid or comfort thereto, escaping from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army, and all slaves captured from such persons, or deserted by them, and coming under the control of the Government of the United States, and all slaves of such persons found on (or being within) any place occupied by rebel forces, and afterwards occupied by the forces of the United States, shall be deemed captures i f war, and shall be for ever free of their servitude, and not again held as slaves. Section 10.-And be it further enacted that no slave escaping into any state, territory, or the district of Columbia, from any of the states, shall be delivered up, or in any way impeded or hindered of his liberty, except for crime or some offence against the laws, unless the person claiming said fugitive shall first make oath that the person to whom the labour or service of such fugitive is alleged to be due is his lawful owner, and has not been in arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid and comfort thereto; and no person engaged in the military or naval service of the United States shall, under any pretence whatever, assume to decide on the validity of the claim of any person to the service or labour of any other person, or surrender up any person to the claimant, on pain of being dismissed from the service. "And I do hereby enjoin upon and order all persons engaged in the military and naval service of the United States to observe, obey, and enforce within their re- spective sphere of service the act and sections above recited. "And the executive will in due time recommend that all citizens of the United States who shall have remained loyal thereto throughout the rebellion shall, upon the restoration of the constitutional relation between the United States and their respective states and people (if the relation shall have been suspended or disturbed), be compensated for all losses by acts of the United States, including the loss of slaves. "In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Done at the City of Washington, this 22nd day of September, in the year of our Lord 1862, and of the In- dependence of the United States the 87th, By the President, WILLIAli H. SEWARD, Secretary of State." The Federal Government had already commenced the carrying out of the emancipation policy, as the following correspondence shows:— To the Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War. Washington. Cairo, Sept. 18. General Grant is sending here a large lot of negro women and children, and directs me to ask you what to do with them. Parties in Chicago and other cities wish them for servants. Will I be allowed to turn them over to responsible committees to be so employed? If so, can I transport them at Government expense? J. M. TIJTTLE, Brigadier-General, Commanding District of Cairo. To Brigadier-General Tuttle, Commanding. Washington, Sept 18, 6 p.m. You are authorised to turn over to responsible committees negro women and children, who will take them in charge and provide them with employment and support in the Northern States, and you may furnish transportation at Government ex- pense. EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War. Speaking of the President's proclamation the New York Times says The wisdom of the step taken (we refer at present to that clause in the document which declares free the slaves of rebel states after the 1st of January) is unquestionably a necessity indisputable. It had been declared by President Lincoln that as soon as this step became necessary he should adopt it. Its adoption now is not a confession that the military means of sup- pressing the great rebellion nave proved a failure, but simply that there is a point at which any other legitimate appliances that can be called in shall also be availed of. Slavery is an ele- ment of strength to the rebels; if left untouched it will assuredly prove an element of weakness—it may be of total destruction— to them and their cause-when we make such use of it and its victims as lies in our power. The New York Herald urges a reconstruction of the cabinet, in order to secure perfect harmony in the carrying out of the policy enunciated by the 'pro- clamation. The Tribune says, It is the beginning of the end of the rebellion-the beginning of the new life of the nation. God bless Abraham Lincoln The Tribune also says:- But while we rejoice and hope for the best, we still tremble. There are among us men whose foolishness will not depart from them though it be brayed in a mortar-other men who will not cease from wicked ways while in the flesh. But the emancipa- tion which the President has proclaimed is the emancipation of more than four millions of black slaves; it is the freedom of well nigh twenty millions from a thraldom they have been taught to reverence. Have they learned aright the lessons of the last two years ? Do they now know that they also have been in bondage, and will they accept this great boon of freedom which a wise ruler offers them ? We hope so; we devoutly pray that wisdom may enter into the hearts of all the people. Let the President know that everywhere throughout the laud he is hailed as wisest Rnd best, and that by this great deed of enfranchisement to an appressed people-a deed the doing whereof was never before I vouchsafed to any mortal ruler—he re-creates a nation, i
Money Market. CITY, OCT. 7.—The market for English funds is (jafet I-C-;iav, and prices are quoted the same as at the close yesterday. Con- sols are now quoted 93f to f for money and to-morrow's settle- ment, and 93f to 94 for November account. The official business report is as follows:—Three per Cent, Consols, for money, 4*31,# ditto for account, 93f: Three per Cents. Reduced, 92}, », £ a New Three per Cents., 92f, 2L: Red Sea Telegraph, 22; Bank Stoefc' for account, 213; India Five per Cent; [stock, 109|, 1081; ditto Bonds, 27s, 30s prem.; Five per cent. enfaced rupee paper. MS 1041; ditto Five-and-a-half per Cent., 112|, i Exchequer June, 20s prem.—The railway market still shows an ahsence at animation, and the tendency to day is less strong. London xaA Northwestern stock is now quoted 92f to 9: Great Western, 66§ to 67 Midland, 129 to j Lancashire and Yorkshire, 10-f 109 Caledonian, 108$to 109; South-Eastern, 8-?f to |; Great Eastern, M to t; Great Northern, 123i to 124; and Londm and South-Western, 99| to A.
IThe Corn Trade.
The Corn Trade. MARK-LANE OCT. 6.—The weather since Friday isas Tbee fine; wind varying from N.W. to N.E. and S.E-The supply of Wheat from Essex and Kent to this morning's market was ex- cessively small, but with what was left over from last week, made a fair show, and nearly the whole remained unsold at the close, there being no buyers excepting at a considerable reduc- tion. Foreign Wheat met a slow retail inquiry at the unices this day se'nnight.—Barley, Beans, and Peas are each h. per cheaper.—The Oat trade is dull, and new Corn is 6d per lower.—In the value of Flour there is no alteration. KINGS-FORD ANKI ———— J BRITISH. OLD. ) I. row. WHEAT.Essex, Kent, Suffolk, white, per or, 50 to S6 4(> to fto Ditto, fine selected runs — to 60 48 Ditto, red — to 50 4 £ W 4S Ditto, ditto, extra — to 5i 4 > to 5# Ditto, Talavera — to 62 19 to S8 Norfolk, I inoclnshire, and Yorkshire. — to — — — BASJBY.Malting — to — 34. :o Grinding and Distilling — to — 30 i"> 3S Chevalier — to — 3S to 88 OATS.Essex and Suffolk — to — 21 tc Si Scotch and Lincolnshire, Potato — to — 22 a 36 3itto Feed — to — 22 se 28 Irish, Potato 11 — to — ir. — Ditto, Feed i to — to gra — to — ss to If BEANS.Mazagan .i — to — 3.° to 32 Tick and Harrow — to — 31 tc 3S Pigeon — to — 31 to 38 Windsor — to — — tc — Long Pod — to —, — ;.j — PEAS,Nop Boilers — to — — -j# White, Essex and Kent, Boilers — to — 3T So 39 Ditto, flue Suffolk — to — «> 4$ Maple — to — 42 to 44, „ Sr0y — to — 36 to 88 per bushel. — to — 7 s SEED.Canary .per qr. 50 to 66 — — Caraway .per cwt. -—to — — Coriander. 13 to 17 — w ^aPe per last — to — <„a „ Hempseed per qr. 38 to 44 — .Red Clover per cwt — to — BB White Clover .j — to — — t; Trefoil — to — — •/ Mustard, white .per bushel.i — to — 6 9 Ditto, brown i — to — CAE.ss.Linseed.per thousandto Z12 Sf) Fi.orrB.Best marks, delivered per sackl — to — 45 VJ. si 2nd ditto and Country J — to — K, FOREIGN. WHEAT.Danz. & Konigsb. per 496 lbs. 50 to 57 —. to, — Ditto ditto extra „ 57 to 63 — — Rostock and Wolgast 51 to 63 —. — Belgium, Pomeranian, Stettin.'andt -lA -Q Hamburg v f 10 — s.» — Hols''ein, Danish, and Swedish -to- — — French „ -to- Spanish s) — to — — M American and Canadian. „ 40 to 58 — KS — Odessa, Peterj' and Azoff „ 39 tc~51 ,j BARLEY.Malting — to — 31 IC SS BARLEY.Malting to 31 IC SS Grinding and Distilling — to — 24 to SO OATS.Poland and Brew — to 29 ^eed. — to — 17 to ft BEAKS.Small per qr. 42 to 52 — -xv — Egyptian — to — — — PSAS.White Boilers — to — 87 to 4* Yellow ditto — to — Nen Boilers — to — 34 tit 86 JAMS to — M — SEED.Red Clover per cwt. — to — in — White ditto — to — w — „ TREFOU TO zzz t,AX £ ,s.xjinseed per tor. 1160 to 200 t, Rapeseed 90 to 100 — to HLCUS.Frencn, Rhenish.per sack.».j — to — It to 40 Leghorn and Spanish — to — m w 42 Canadian and American.per brL — to — 34 to 39 AKK1 VAba IN U.HV)j<)iv OAH'f Coastwise :Wheat Barley Malt Oats j Beans1 Peas j FJ&ar e> v ('rs" <'rs" Qrs" 1rs- qrg. oris, isack* tngnsh. Soo'2 1853 ,1281812968 661 669 'itESS bcoteh 7 35 .j i' r-rish 17 SO1 7S8: Foreign 31760 8319; 16S6i; 7559 505'2U89' ii'fl ill ill ti. C. Rail ] j Gt. N.Rail S. E. RaiL ""j v" I/ONDDTF AVERAGE PRIONS OF BRITISH GRAIN FOR THY W-Frg ENDING 30TH SEPTÐIBER :Vl-teø.t, Qrs. 3927 52s 8d Barter, 453, 37s 3d; Oats, 1536, ns 3d; Beans. 130, 36s 6d; Peu, 82 328 10d. CORN AND COTTON, LIVERPOOL MARKETS, OCT. 7.—A gvod healthy business in wheat at full rates of Friday. Flour has recovered since opening, and 6d per barrel advance asked. Indian corn steady; mixed, 29s 6d to 30s. Beans, oats, and oatmeal unaltered.—Cotton rather stronger, sales probably 6,000 bales. HOPS, BOROUGH MARKET, OCT. 6. Messrs. Pattenden and Smith report a good demand for last year's growth, at firm pricesMid and East Kent, L7 to Xll inferior, JM to £ 610s Weald Kents, zC6 to XS Sussex, f5 12s to £ 7 Ms. TALLOW, OCT. 7.—The market is quiet. Annexed are the present quotationsTown tallow, 47s, net cash; Petersbnrg Y.C. on the spot, 47s 6d; December, 47s 9d; January to M&reb" 48s to 48s 3d. HAY, SUITIIFIELD MARKET, OCTOBER 7.—Messrs. Harvey sad Easton report trade slow, with a downward tendency. WOOL, LONDON.—The market continues active, and prices have still an upward tendency. Stocks on hand are very light for the season.—Rather more doing in Colonial Wool the last day or two, at late advanced prices.-At Liverpool the market was rather quiet last week, the demand for speculation having abated a little, but there has been some more business done for home consumption at current rates —Business at Havre, in the week ending Friday, was active: 595 bales Buenos Avrcs and Monte Video unwashed went at If 15c to 2f 75c the kilog; 15 ditto, damaged, 75c to If 98c; 32 sheepskin, Buenos Ayres, If to If 2 c. Tne arrivals were about 1,400 bales. This week saies have been numerous: Buenos Ayres unwashed, If 75c to 2f 65c; Monte Video unwashed, 2f 40c to 2f 55c; La. Plata at prices kept secret.—Bradford: Prices are maintained with great firmness. All low wools and some sorts of downs, which have been taken in large quantities for America, are very scarce, aai if anything, a shade stiffer in price. FRUIT AND VEGETABLES, COVENT GARDEN, OCT. 4. Vegetables and most other things in season continue good and plentiful. Importations of foreign fruit are still well kept up. Grapes and pine-apples are plentiful. Pears consist of Jersey Gratioli, Marie Louise, Duchesse d'Angouleme Gangers Berga- mot, and Hazel. Tomatoes, though scarce, and cucumbers are still sufficient for tho demand. Plums scarce. Potatoes are badly diseased. Cut flowers chieflv consist of orchids, pelargo- niums, violets, mignonette, and roses.
Cattle Market. CATTLE, METROPOLITAN MARKET, OCT. 6.—The cumber e beasts is not so large as on Monday last. The demand has rather improved, and prices have advanced. The supply of sheep is very short for the season, and consequently are readily disposed of at higher rates. Good calves are more in demand, but it is difficult to obtain any advancein price. From Germany and Holland there are 1,540 beasts, 1,580 sheep, 116 calves; Spain, 310 beasts; Ireland, 1,000 beasts, 10 calves, and 400 sheep; and 2,890 beasts from the northern and midland counties. Per stone of 81'DS. s. d. s. d. Per stone of 81bs. s. i s. d Best Scots, Herefds. 4 8 5 0 BestDns&Hf.bdsSh O 00 O Best Short-horns 4 6 4 8 Best Long-wools 5 0 5 4 Second quaL beasts 8 4 4 0 Do. do. Shorn, 0 Calves 3 8 4 8 Ewes & second quai. 4 4 4 8 Pigs. 3 8 4 8 Do. do. Shorn. 0 <S S O Best Dn& Hll-breds 5 4 5 6 Lambs 0 G <1 9 Beasts at market, 6,058. Sheep and Lambs. 22,159Calwes. 157; Pigs, 450.
The Dwellings of the Paar.-On Thumlay\ Mr Bedford, the coroner, held an inquest at St. Clement's Yesiry-room, Strand, touching the death of Felix M'Cartby, aged 15 months, who died suddenly OIL Tues- day last at 7, Robin Hood-court. Pickett's-place, Strand. On the return of the coroner and jury after viewing the body, the coroner said, much as he wished to avoid halt- ing the feelings of relatives of deceased persons had known what a foul place they resided in, he certmnlr should not have felt justified in taking the jurytheM. He considered it enough to make any one ill. Elizabeth M'Carihy then deposed to the fact of the child dying suddenly on Tuesday last, after suffering from sickness and diarrhoea. Samuel Lovett, of Clare-street, sur- geon, deposed to having made the post-mortem exami- nation, the result of which brought him to the conclu- sion that the child died irom dropsy and diarrheal. The foul atmosphere of the place where the child had lived was quite sufficient to cause the,, diarrhoea. The father of the deceased child said he rented the place from Mr. Nix, and had only been there a month. The jury re- turned a verdict that Deceased died from dropsy Jiarrhcea," but expressed a strong opinion as to the QD- wholesome stato nf thadweHics of the parents. IMPORTING Tea without colour on the eaf prevents the diaon passing off inferior leaves as in the usual kinds. Horniman's n. is uncoloured, therefore, aImys qcod aliki. Sold by 280 Agwts.