INAUGURATION OF THE STEPHENSONU MEMORIAL. On Thursday a memorial statue of George Stephenson, the father of our railway system, was inaugurated with j an imposing ceremonial at Newcastle-on-Tviys; From noon on Thursday the day was observed as a holiday, and all the shops were closed. Banners hung across the principal streets and from the windows of many of the houses. Soon after one o'clock a procession started, and passed through the principal streets to the site of the statue. It included the members of the committee, the mayor (Mr. Joseph Armstrong), and the corporation, preceded by macemen and swordbearers; Lord Ravens- worth, ;Mr. J. C. Lough, the sculptor, and Mr. G. R.. Stephenson, nephew of George Stephenson, and head of the present firm of Stephenson and Co. To these gentle- men followed the members of the institutions of civil, mechanical, and mining engineers; the committees of the literary and mechanics' institutions; the Members-of Parliament for the district, the foreign consuls, the authorities connected with the railways running through Newcastle-on-Tyne, the River Tyne commissioners, the brethren of the Trinity House, and the mayors of the neighbouring boroughs. Then followed a long array of workpeople of the foundries and other large establish- ments of the district, bearing aloft banners with in- scriptions of honour to the name of Stephenson. The members of the friendly societies also took part in the procession. The site of the memorial is an open space at the junc- tion of Neville-street and Westgate-street, and is close to the Central Railway Station. A large space around it was inclosed with pallisading, and was kept by the Newcastle-on-Tyne Rifle and Artillery Volunteer?, and the 41st Regiment, under the command of Lieut. Colonel Sir John Fife. The head of the procession, accompanied by a band of music, reached the platform, in front of the draped memorial, about two o'clock. Among the gentle- men who were assembled on the platform were Lord Ravensworth, the Mayor of Newcastle, the Rev. Clement Moody (the vicar); Sir W. James, Bart.; Sir W. Arm- strong, Sir M. W. Ridley, M. P.; the Right Hon. T. E. Headlam, M.P.; Messrs. H. Pease. M.P.; R. Ingham, M.P.; W. Hutt, M..P.; R. Hodgson, M.P.; G. R. Stevenson, J. C. Laugh, and N. Wood. Soon after two o'clock the signal was given by the sound of the bugle for the drapery to be removed from the memorial, and the statue was displayed to the public gaze, amid enthusiastic cheers. The statue of Stephenson is of bronze, and represents him standing. An unusually graceful' effect is given to the dress by the addi- tion of the Northumbrian plaid, which Stephenson was accustomed to wear. Thoss who knew the great engineer says that the statue is an admirable likeness. The right hand is laid upon the breast, and the left rests upon a scroti supposed to contain a map or plan. The figure is lift, high, and stands upon a massive stone pedestal, the total height of the statue from the ground being 30ft. At each corner of the pedestal is a seated bronze figure—the lour figures being intended to typify Stephenson's life. One is a blacksmith, naked to the waist, leaning against an anvil and grasping an hammer. At the south-west corner a pitman holds in his hand the old safety lamp. The next represents a platelayer, with a model of Stephenson's fish-bellied rail; and the fourth is an engine driver, leaning on a model of a locomotive. The memorial has been raised by subscription, at a cost of £ 5,000. When the statue was uncovered the military bands played the National Anthem, and the vicar having offered up a prayer, Lord Ravensworth said it had been his lot more than once to address large assemblies of-his fellow countrymen, but he had never srood before an audience more calcu- lated to inspire sentiments of respect for the British character than that before which he then stood. That was a proud day for Newcastle-on-Tyne, and, indeed, its environs, and for the whole of the northern counties. It was a day which would also be regarded with interest by the professors of science, and by the free workers in the great mine of national and universal industry all over the world (applause). What was it they saw be- fore them ? An assemblage of free people, not to be surpassed in the world in respect to intelligence, and the representatives of the corporations and the municipal governments of all those great ioci of industry which belonged to that populous and industrious neighbour- hood. There were also among them those brave men who had enrolled themselves as volunteers for the defence of their country, if their services in such a work should ever be needed (applause). Why were all those classes assembled ? They were not come to pay a mark of respect to a. crowned monarch, nor to a brave and accomplished general or admiral who had led the armies and fleets of this country to victory. The honour they had come to give was not even to a successful and popular statesman, who, amid the contests of a free Parliament, had led his party to victory, and had wielded at will that fierce democracy which sometimes reigned within the walls of our House of Commons (applause). It was-to a nobler object than any of those he had enumerated that they had assembled to pay honour and respect-to one who was born in the cottage of the poor man, whose early life was one continued struggle of laborious industry, and of the scheming of a genius which Stephenson felt he had within himself, against all the disadvantages of poverty. By the force of his own genius, by his own industry, by his good moral conduct, his frugality, and, his honesty, un- aided by the light of science, unacquainted even with the very rudiments of the commonest education, George Stephenson carried out his own views, in the midst of every adverse circumstance, until he raised him- self to the renown of which they were all witnesses (applause). Truly it might be said that he who in after life was enabled to found schools, to rear institutions for the benefit of the working classes, and to build a church for the religious welfare of his poorer friends, sprang from an origin as low, or even lower, than that whom he (Lord Ravensworth) had the pleasure of addressing (applause). The noble lord then proceeded at some length to describe the career of Stephenson, his struggles and triumphs; and concluded by handing over the memorial to the corporation of Newcastle-on- Tyne. The committee and other officials returned to the Town-hall, where a short repast had been provided. The French Consul was accompanied on the route by Lord Ravensworth and John Clayton, Esq., and, on entering the Mayor's Chamber, was received with cheering and cries of "Vive l'Emp«reur!" The committee and other bodies then separated, the consular body accompanying the French Consul to his residence, Etdon-square, During the remainder of the day, large numbers of strangers from a distance inspected the varioas objects of interest in the town. We must not omit to mention that Mr. Thos. Burr e) I, the person who dissuaded Stephenson, in early life, from emigrating to America, witnessed the inauguration of the monument to his memory.
Mrs MTjachlan, the Sandyford murderess, has been respited by the Secretary of State til] the 1st November, to allow time for further investigation. A Boy Killed We (Inverness Advertiser) regret to hear that a melancholy and fatal-occurrence has happened in GleDmoriston. A few days ago two boys, of the ages of about eight and eleven years, whoee names we have not ascertained, had quarrelled, and set to battle with their fists. The younger of the boys, it appears, was getting the better of the other, when an older companion stepped in, and, seizing the lad, gave him a kick in the spine with so much severity that the lad had to be carried home, and died five days thereafter, it is believed, from the effects of the kick. The authorities are engaged in an investigation of this painful case. Infanticide.-A Curious Dispute.-On Fri- day, Dr. Lankester, the Central Middlesex coroner, and the jury re-assembled at the Elephant and Castle, King's- road, Camden-town, to conclude an inquest on the body of a newly-born child, the illegitimate offspring of Rosa Clifford, an under housemaid in the service of Mr. Scadding, of 2, Gordon-street, Gordon-square, St. Pan- eras. On Thursday last, on the resumption of the inquest, the police inspector in charge of the case peremptorily refused to accede to the coroner's request to allow the prisoner to be present, on the ground that he had no authority to permit her to be removed to any other court but that of the magistrates. The jury firmly protested, and adjourned to enable the coroner to make formal application to Sir Richard Mayne for the prisoner's presence, in order to maintain what they deem to be the rights and privileges of the coroner's sourt. The coroner said that there was not the slightest chance of having the woman before them. The course now would be for the woman to be committed, and then for him to apply to the Home Secretary, but his experience warranted him in saying that they would be only met with a refusal. In this instance the answer was not exactly a refusal to give the prisoner up, but it amounted to the same thing. The sense of the jury was then taken, when six voted for another adjournment, and nine for coming to a verdict. The coroner accordingly adjourned for a fortnight, with an understanding that in the meantime he would apply to the Home Secretary for the production of the woman.
FATAL. ACCIDENT ATTIIE ROYAL 5 v NAVAl SCIIOOf. Mr. ø. J. Carttar, coroner! for West Kent, held a lengthened inquiry, on Thursday nig$it, in the Council Chamber of the lloyal Naval School, New-cross,. touching the'death of Richard Charles St. llelier Croker, aged 13, a pupil,. and. son of the Rev. Richard Grower, M.A., ehaplam-in the royal navy. It appeared that the deceased, with another pupil of the school were, on Wednesday evening, stand- ing on a rope ladder belonging to the gymnasium, when a cry was raised that a beam was cracking. The deceased jumped off the ladder, and was run- ning across the tan laid at the base of the gymnasium, when he stumbled and fell, and one of the two up- rights, weighing nearly 6 cwt., falling at the same instant, and striking him on the skull, the back and front of which was fractured, killed him on the spot. Mr. Renton, a surveyor, who had superintended, the erection of the gymnasium in the summer of 1858, gave evidence to the fact that it was con- structed upon the same principle as the gymnasium at Primrose-hill. The uprights being morticed ■' to the extent of two and a half inches into the lower part, which was four feet depth under- ground. The material used was crown Dantzic timber, a piece of which, where the fracture took place, was produced. The core of the wood was completely decayed and rotten, the outer part still retaining its fibrous character. In witness's opinion the decay of the wood had been occasioned through the,rain finding its way into the morticed portion of the upright; and in answer to questions put by the jury he stated that a fair price ( £ 95) was paid by the Council of the School for the' erection of the gymnasium, and that the Dantzic timber was the next best material to English oak, of which the Primrose- hill gymnasium was composed, being intended for the use of adults. Mr. Jamei, the secretary of the school, called Benjamin Johnson Shadgate, the house steward, who deposed that during the last Midsummer holidays he caused the whole of the tan at the base of the gym- nasium to be removed, and that he examined the timber work, but saw no trace of decay. The Coroner having remarked upon the melan- choly nature of the case, the jury returned a verdict of Accidental death," with a recommendation that in the future construction of the gymnasium English oak should be used, with beams of greater dimen- sions, and that the same should be subjected to periodical professional supervision.
SALE OF CATTLE AT BVSHEY-GROVE. A great sale of short-horned cattle took place on the 1st inst., at Bushey-grove Farm, near Watford, the pro- perty of Mr. Stewart Majoribanks, who is discontinuing the breeding of short-horns. About 1,500 gentlemen and farmers were present from all parts of the United Kingdom. Among them were Earls Spencer and Cawdor, the Hon. Colonel Duncombe, Sir Lawrence Palk, Mr. A. J. Robarts, Mr. Tyrwhit Drake, Mr. Kelk, and Captain Oliver, who bid for their own lots. Nearly every feeder of short-horns was present, or was repre- sented by his agent. Fifty-eight cows and heifers, in- cluding young calves, brought each an average price of X82 4s. 6d.; 22 bulls and bull calves an average price of £ 53— the greatest sum realised by any herd of short- horns during this year. We subjoin the prices of the principal lotsRosa Bonheur, red, calved May 3, 1856; by Horatio, dam Rosamond by Lord George; sold to Lord Spencer for j3120 15a. Vesta, roan, calved July 3, 1856; by Lieutenant, dam Maria by Royal Buck; Mr. Stirling, M.P., Keir— £ 210. Helen, red roan, calved May 22, 1857; by Bridesman, dam Haidee by Captain Shaftoe Captain Oliver, near Towcester— £ 105. Lady Butterfly, red. calved December 12, 1858; by Great Mogu), dam Red Butterfly by Master Butterfly; Mr. Betts, Preston Hall, Maidstone— £ 105. Diadem, rich roan, calved February 26, 1859; by Marmaduke, dam Darlington 5th by 4th Duke of Oxford; Mr. Robarts, Lillingstone, Buckingham-£14115$.. Spicy, rich roan, calved March 6, 1859; by Marmaduke, dam Sauce- box by the Beau; Mr. Milne, near Edinburgh— £ 136 10s. Lady Bountiful, white, calved April 23, 1859; by Great Mogul, dam Lady Spencer by Usurer; Mr. RichaTdson, Glen more, Belfast— £ 105. Flower of Bushey, roan, calved September 3,1859; by Great Mogul, dam Myrtle by the Vicar; Mr. Barton, Straffan, Dublin— X152 5s. Rose of iBushey, red, calved July 2, 1860; by Great Mogul, dam Rosa Bonheur by Horatio; Earl Spencer— £ 215 5s. Blushing Bride, rich roan, calved July 5,1860; by Great Mogul, dam The Bride by Young Locbinvar; Earl of Aylesford— £ 178 10s. Lady Love, rich roan, calved Sept. 23, 1860; by Cock-of-the- Walk, dam Locey bv Marmaduke;. Mr. Betts, Preston-hall, Maidstone— £ i36 10s. Geraldine, red, calved Nov. 7, I860; bp Great Mogul, damKhirkee 4th by Marmaduke; Hon. Colonel Duncombe— £ 115 10s. Beauty of Bushey, rich roan, calved Dec. 4, 1860; by Great Mogul, dam Helen by Bridesman; Sir A. Rothschild, Aston Clin- ton, Tring— £ 194 5s. Belle of Bushey, rich roan, calved July 6, 1861; by Young Mogul, dam Rosa Bonheur by Horatio; Duke of Sutherland— £ 105. Ladybird, red, calved November 9,1861; by Great Mogul, dam Looey by Marmaduke; Hon. Colonel Pennant, Penrhyn Castle -£126. Whipper-in, rich roan, calved December 30, 1860; by Cock-of-the-Walk, dam Annie by Captain Shaftoe; Duke of Richmond, Gordon Castle, £168. Squire of Bushey, roan, calved April, 1862; by Royal Butterfly 5th, dam Elegance by Lord Raglan; Mr. Milne, near Edinburgh— £ 115 10s. Messrs. Wetherell, of Durham, conducted the sale, and the excellent condition in which all the animals were brought to the hammer reflected great credit on Mr. Tallan, the bailiff of Mr. Marjoribanks.
The Recorder of Birmingham.-At a special meeting of the Town Council of Birmingham, on Tues- day, the following resolution was moved by Mr. Alder- man Lloyd, and passed unanimously:— That the council, duly considering the lengthened and distin- guished public services of Matthew Davenport Hill, Esq., Q.C., the learned recorder of this borough, in the general administration of justice, and in the cause of cri- minal reform, doth hereby augment his present salary to the sum of X400 per annum, and doth order that such augmentation shall accrue and take date from the 1st day of September, 1862." What is a Lucky Rope ?-A shepherd who was te nding his flock last week on the eastern slope of the mountain of Super-Bagnerea, near Bagneres-de-Luchon, discovered the body of a man hanging from a tree not far from the Fontaine-d'Amour. The body, which had already been dead some hours, was recognised as that of M. D-, an advocate residing at Pau. This desperate act is attributed to temporary derangeihent, caused by embarrassed circumstances and lossrs at play. Great excitement was produced at Luchon by this suicide, and many persons were very anxious to know what had become of the fatal rope, probably thinking of the vulgar belief that the cord which serves to hang brings good luck. One of the groups, discussing the point, seemed to be greatly disappointed when informed by a lawyer of the environs that, if found, it would be of no value, as the only rope possessing any virtue was one which, having been employed to hang- a condemned criminal, should break under his weight, and thus save his life. Death from the Kick of a Horse.—Dr. Lankester, the coroner, held an inquiry on Wednesday at the Lord Wellington Tavern, University-street, Tot- tenham-court-road, as to the death of Elisha Brown, 37 years of age, a stableman. From the evidence it appeared that, on last Monday fortnight, the deceased was leading two horses into the stables, and in doing so he had to pass three other horses, and the last of the three kicked him on the side of the head. He was picked up in- sensible, and removed to the University College Hospital. The medical testimony proved that he never sufficiently recovered his senses to give an account of the accident. He was subject to epileptic fits, which supervened, and he died from concussion of the brain, caused by the horse's kick. Y erdict-" Accïdental death." Speaking by the Card.-As a pedestrian tourist (says the Orleannais) was lately proceeding towards Tours, he asked a man who was breaking stones by the roadside how long it would take him to reach that place. The man looked at him without speaking and then resumed his work. The question was repeated with the same result, and at last the traveller walked on. He had. not proceeded more than a hundred yards when the man called after him and made a sign for him to return. When the pedestrian reached the stonebreaker, the latter said to him, It will take you an hour to reach Tours." Then why did you not tell me so at first ? said the traveller. Why," replied the man, it was necessary for me first to see at what rate you walked, and, (from the way you step out, I am now able to say that you can do the distance in an hour."
EPITOME OF NEWS. The Mutual Aid Society of the little hamlet of Belgiojoso, in Lombardy, has sent a letter to their wounded president, General Garibaldi, ipclosing an order for the 24fr. to which, as an "invalided member unable to gain his living," he is entitled by the rules of the society. The general's acknowledgment of the remit- tance went off by the next night's post. He was per- fectly delighted at it. Jacob Saffia, a, Jerusalem Rabbi, is in Australia, collecting funds for erecting Jewish buildings on Mount Zion. The rabbi speaks English, and converses fluently in Hebrew, German, Spanish, Italian, and Arabic. There are now nearly 8,000 Jews' at Jerusalem. An opinien prevails amongst them that scripture warrants a belief tha the Holy City is to be re-established on Mount Zion. On Friday, a gentleman living in Leeds, but who formerly resided in the parish of Birstal, received a visit from the officers of the law, acting on behalf of the Vicar of Birstal, to distrain for Is. 6d. Ea3ter dues, and 6s. 6d. costs. To raise this sum they carried off six chairs worth £ 8. The Vicar ef Birstal has not conciliated his parishioners by the manner in which he has enforced his rights. The first instalment of railway communication between Monmouthshire and Breconshire with the northern and midland, counties, via Shrewsbury and Hereford and Hereford and Worcester, was made on Monday by the opening of the Abergavenny and Merthyr Railway, which will be connected with Brecon by the Merthyr and Brecon line, which is in a fair way of completion. A curious announcement has appeared in the Dublin journals. It professes to come from an officer of the Indian army, at present resident in England, who is desirous of obtaining the agency of an Irish estate. He is of business habits, and has the highest testimonials from general and other officers with whom he has served, but these are not the grounds upon which he rests his fitness for the office. He coolly winds up the list of his qualifications by stating that he does not mind being shot at'" When a train running from Alais to Nimes, a few days since, arrived at the intermediate station of St. Genies, the guard was informed that a young woman, a servant, named Me jean, in one of the third-class carriages, was in labour. A medical man, who happened to be one of the passengers, offered his assistance. The child was born before the train left the station for Nimes, and on arrival there both mother and child were conveyed to the hospital. Another case of infanticide occurred on Thursday. One of the inmates in the house at No. 19, Middle-street, Cloth-fair, on going into the cellar observed a parcel under the water-butt, and on opening it discovered it to contain the body of a fine male child, which, on being conveyed to St. Bartholomew's Ho3pital, was found to bear marks of death by .violence. A very large whale thrasher was caught in Torbay on Wednesday morning, and has since been ex- hibited in the town. Her Majesty's Commissioners of Inland Re- venue, in order to meet the convenience of the public, have altered the hours of 12 to 2, for obtaining the allowance of spoilt stamps, to 10 to 12 o'clock on Saturdays. The French squadron in China has received orders to proceed to Japan, where the heads of the European legations have been subjected to menacing treatment, which compelled them to place themselves under the protection of the vessels in the roadstead. A few days ago two pensioners, eighty years of age, were. driven out of the gates of Greenwich Hospital by order of the governing authorities. The cause of their expulsion is stated to be their having absented themselves for a few days without leave. As the poor men have no pensions they will, of course, be an addi- tional weight to the local taxation. During the past three years the importations of tallow from our Australian colonies have been largely augmented. From the Board of Trade returns just issued we find that in the month of August, 1860, but 2 cwts reached this country, which was increased to 4,439 and 6,695 cwts., in the corresponding months of 1860 and 1861; the imports for the eight months ending August showing, for 1860, 2,418 cwts.; 1861, 13,823 cwts.; and 1862, 51,286 cwts. Kallub, the Vienna post-office clerk, who abstracted upwards of twenty thousand letters, has been tried, and condemned to ten years'hard labour. j Mr. Hall, the father of the young lady who was, so barbarously murdered at Fordingbridge in June last, died a few days since. A Turin letter in the Siecle states mat tne number of Garibaldians who still remain prisoners is 1,909. It adds that only 232 young men, under 18 years of age, have been sent home to their families. A corporal of the 20th Regiment of Foot, named Charles Alder, a confirmed lunatic in the Royal Infirmary, Phoenix Park, Dublin, committed suicide on Tuesday "by hanging himself with a piece of tape. Two good-looking girls were taken among the Garibaldians. They were clad as soldiers, and their sex did not seem to be known to their companions in arms. It appears that there has not been a single act of violence committed in the International Exhibition building since the opening, and that the bad money taken has been under £40, including only one half-sovereign. In several of the West-end shops ladies' walking-sticks are being sold. Of course they are not rough bits of hickory, or shillelagh-like, but are rare pieces of wood, jewelled and gold-headed. The Brighton Hotel, on the King's-road, beside the battery, will cost £57,258 for building alone. Messrs. Sawyer and Co. are the contractors. Always in Mischief—On the evening of Sunday week, a congregation in the neighbourhood of Whitby were suddenly,as if by magic, plunged into total darkness. The cause was that crinoline had just entered; a lady's dress caught in the key of the gas meter, the lady dragged the crinoline, the crinoline dragged the key, and light was locked out. About a. month ago a cat belonging to a resident at Townhead had a litter of kittens, which were shortly drowned. By-and-by the people of the house were surprised at seeing a small rat frequently running about the house in an easy leisurely manner. One morning the gudeman looked out of the bed and saw pussy on the floor quietly suckling master rat, and purring over and fondling him.—Axbruath Guide. I hear it reported that the celebrated Anonym a," or rather the fair charioteer who was supposed to be in- dicated by that portraiture, has just started for a winter in Italy, accompanied thither by a certain gentleman of some standing in society, who deserted an amiable wife, leaving her utterly broken-hearted at the desertion, to follow this ignis fatuus.-London correspondence of Saunders' News Letter. At Gibraltar, the other day, the Victoria Cross was presented to Captain H. G. Biowne, of the 100th Regiment, for conspicuous gallantry at Lucknow. A numerous company from the rock were present, and the scene was further enlivened by the presence of the officers and men of the 81st French Regiment, at present encamped outside the gates. Four convicts, who recently escaped from the French penal settlement, Les Hattes, arrived on the 16th ult., under the guidance of a fisherman, at Parama- ribo, and were handed over to the custody of the police. These people were exposed to all sorts of privations in travelling along the coast, and when they reached Port Orsoije, after a distressing journey, they were in a starv- ing condition. Under the subsisting regulations they will be returned to the French Government, which would probably rather have their room than their company. An amusing typographical error occurred the other day among the list of subscribers to the. Garibaldi Surgical Fund. A poor bookbinder" gave 5s., and the next subscriber in order was an Italian lady, married to an English gentleman named Fletcher. This lady's name is A. Lega Fletcher, but her subscription was acknow- ledged as from a ledger stitcher." It appears that the exportation of arms and am- munition from this country is rapidly increasing in pro- portion to the prolongation of the American war, and that the shipments during the first eight months of this year have amounted in value to £1,308,000, or at the rate of about £1,750,000per annum. During the month of August the quantity was especially large, amounting to £ 286,110. The Italian frigate Eurydice, which had run on a sand-bank in the Baltic, has been released from her perilsus position. By throwing all her guns and a great part of her stores overboard, she has been got afloat, and towed into Elsinore, On Sunday afternoon the funeral of Lady Monte. fiore, wife of Sir Moses Montefiore, Bart., took place at Ramsgate, ia the presence of nearly 1,000 persons, about 500 of whom, being Jews, followed. The synagogue was crowded, and Baron Nathan de Rothschild and Sir Anthony Rothschild, Bart., were amongst those present. Many of the tradespeople of Ramsgate partially closed their shops last week, when the decease of the much- respected lady became known.
OUR i■— Recovery from Apparent Death.-—My autho- rity for the following anecdote^is a lady, who heard it related some years ago by the gentleman initialed R." in my text. The late Baron Platt, when a young man, had a severe illness, of which he apparently'.died. Two or three days after the fatal event, some gentlemen, friends of the deceased, went together to the house where the body was laid out, and obtained permission to take a farewell look of their old associate. While standing beside the corpse, one of them said, Ah! we shall naver again drink a glass of wine with poor Platt;" when poor Platt immediately exclaimed, But you will, and a good many too, I hope." All fled in terror from the room except Mr R., and he remained until his friend's resuscitation was assured.-Notes and Queries. A Useful Deer.—The extent to which a tiinid animal can be appeased by kindness is, at the present moment, beautifulty exemplified by a deer, which has been so divested of its fears by Tom Hill, the huntsman of the Surrey foxhounds, that the animal not only ac- companies the hounds when taken out for exercise, but eats biscuit and actually sleeps with them in the kennel. If, during the meal, two of the hounds fight, by a pat with his fore foot he tries to separate them. If, at exer- cise, anything alarms him, with a bound or two he vaults for safety into the middle of the pack. But, when in his citadel, if any strange dog approaches them, with malice prepense he rushes out at him a3 if determined to kill him. Id short, by kind superintendence the deer has become as fond of the bloodthirsty hounds as they of him.-The Horse and his Rider, by Sir F, B. Head, Bart. A Scotch Surgeon in the Island ofPuyni- pet.—The first but we entered was inhabited by a Scotchman, who called himself Dr. Cook," and prac- tised as a physician. He had lived twenty-six years on the island. His dwelling consisted of three large apart- ments, which up to a certain height were shut off from each other by tnin wooden walls, so that the air could circulate freety overhead throughout the entire length of the hut. Everything was neat and orderly in the first room, which apparently was used as a surgery, stood a number of medicine bottles duly labelled, and crucibles, which at the very first glance revealed the avocation of the possessor. "C.oo.k, who seemed fat past the half century, with pale, faded, expressionless features, and a long silver-grey beard, clothed in a coarse woollen jacket, and with the huge, broad-brimmed, worn-out straw hat pulled low upon his wrinkled forehead, had quite caught the listless, motionless deportment of the natives. Nothing roused him, nothing surprised him; it took a considerable time to elicit from him any reply to our questions.—Voyage oj the Novara. Divorces among the Dayaks.-There is one cause of divorce, where the blame rests on neither party, but on their superstitions. When a couple are newly- married, if a deer, or gazelle, or a mouse deer utter a cry at night near the house in which the pair is living, it is an omen of ill-they must separate, or the death of one would ensue. This might be a great, trial to a European lover; the Dayaks, however, take the matter very philo- sophically. Mr. Chalmers mentions to me the case of a young Peninjau man who was divorced from his wife on the third day after marriage. The previous night a deer had uttered its warning cry, and separate they must. The morning of the divorce he chanced to go into the head-house," and there sat the bridegroom con- tentedly at work. Why are you here ? he was asked, as the "head-house" is frequented by bachelors and boys only; What news of your new wife? "I have no wife we were separated this morning, because the deer cried last night." Are you sorry ? Very sorry." "What are you doing with that brass wire? Making perik "—the chain-work which the women wear round their waists-" for a young woman whom I want to get for my new wife.Lije in the Forests of the Far W est. Nothing Good ever Dies.-There is nothing, not nothing innocent or good, that. dies and is forgotten; let us hold to that faith or none. An infant, a prattling child, dying in its cradle, will live again in the better thoughts of those who loved it and play its part, through them, in the redeeming actions of the world, though its body be burnt to ashes, or is drowned in tte deepest sea. There is not an angel added to the host of heaven but does its blessed work on earth in those that loved it here. Forgotten! oh, if the good deeds of human creatures could be traced to their source, how beautiful would even death appear; for how much charity, mercy, and purified affection would be seen to have their growth in dusty graves.—Charles Dickens. An Old Proverb Commended.—Thfp ivvitix tiw v uigar provero,- inat "All work' and no plav makes Jack a dull boy." I believe with you, that it .is only to a limited extent that the education of children can be advantageously combined with bodily labour. Even in the case of grown-up persons, some intervals of leisure are necessary to keep the mind in a healthful and vigorous state. It is when thus relieved from the state of tension belonging to actual study, that boys and girls, as well as men and women, acquire the habit of thought and reflection, and of forming their own conclusions, independently of what they are taught and the authority of others. In younger persons, it is not the mind only that suffers from too large a demand being made on it for the purposes of study. Relaxation and cheerful occupation are essential to the proper development of the corporeal structure and faculties, and the-want of them operates like an unwholesome atmosphere or defective nourishment in produeiug the lasting evils of defective health and a stunted growth, with all the secondary evils to which they lead.-Psychological Inquiries, by Sir B. Brodie. The Mountain Summit.—I think that a tall peak, which a pedestrian has never ascended before, generally gives him an impression, as he gains its summit of being suddenly carried there, as though into another world. The vast panorama leaps into the eyes, and sinks down deeply into the brain, there to remain (it may fairly be hoped) for a lifetime. So delightful is this feeling, that, even supposing the last few hun- dred yards of ascent do not demand undivided attention -even if the peak do not shut out the coming prospect, or the continuous watchfulness over hand and foot-the careful scrutiny ahead for this little edge "f rock which is to be grasped by the fingers, or of that little fissure which will first receive the toes, equally forbid all further prospect-I suspect the wary pedestrian rather defers than anticipates his pleasure. And then, on reaching the summit, as he turns round to all points of the compass, and everywhere sees the giant forms of the surrounding mountains-a stately company of hundreds and thousands, sitting in open ranks, that fade away in apparently eDdless perspective-it is only in a geodetic sense that he looks down on them. Mentally, indeed, he wonders and reveres, like the dazed Gaul on entering the Roman senate; and since the rarity of human footsteps in these solitudes sets him speculating as an involuntary antiquarian upon previous visitors, he feels little surprise that our heathen predecessors on this earth worshipped in high places, or roamed with Bacchus on the mountains. -Peaks and Passes. Second Series. The Wicked Earl of Rosse and the Good Dean of Kilmore.-In 1741, the Earl of Rosse, a dissipated man, being on his death-bed, the Dean of Kilmore thought it his duty to write a letter, exhorting him to repent. When the Earl had read the letter, he ordered it to be put in another cover and directed to the Earl of Kildare, and persuaded the Dean's servant to take it to its address. The Earl of Kildare having read it with suiprise and indignation, showed it to the Countess, saying that the Dean must be mad. She, equally amazed, remarked that it was not written in the style of a madman, and advised her husband to spt-ak to the Archbishop of Dublin on the subject. The Earl accordingly ordered his coach, went to the palace, and accosted the Archbishop thus:—" Pray, my Lord, did you ever hear that I was a blasphemer, a profligate, a gamester, a rioter, and everything that is base and infamous r— "You,mylord!" replied the Archbishop, "every oneknows that you are a pattern of humility, godliness, and virtue. Well then, mv Lord, what satisfaction can I have of a learned and reverend divine, who, under his own hand lays all this, to my charge ? Surely no man in his senses, that knew your Lordship, would presame to do it; and if a clergyman has been guilty of such an offence your Lordship will have satisfaction from the spiritual courts." Upon this the Earl delivered to him the letter, saying that it had been brought that morning by the Dean's servant. The Archbishop immediately sent for the Dean, who at once obeyed the summons. Before he entered the room the Archbishop asked the' Earl to'go into an adjoining one, while he Spoke to the Dean. When the latter entered, his Grace asked if he had written that letter; and when he had admitted it, reproached him for sending such a letter to so respected a nobleman. But he replied that he had ohly done his duty, and was ready to abide the consequences. He then retired with s6me emotion, leaving the Archbishop and the Earl as much in the dark as ever. The latter sent at once for, a Proctor of the Spiritual Court, and, committing the letter to bim, directed that proceedings should be taken against the Dean. The next day tlle- Archbishop, knowing how ruinous it would be to the Dean to entjer on a suit with so; powerful a person, went to his house, and advised him to to ask the Earl's pardon Ask his parden! why, the man is dead?" Lord Kildare dead ?■' "No; Lord Rosse." "Did you not send a letter to Lord Kild are yesterday?" No I sent one to the unhappy Earl of Rosse, who was given over, and I thought it my duty to-write fco him as I did. Upon examining the servant the whole matter was explained, and the only sufferer was the poor footman who lost his place.-The Earls of Kildare and their Ancestors, by the Marquis of Kildare. Hawkers' Flowers.-They are grown in this way: the cuttings are struck in a fierce heat, they are potted at once by the "one shift system into the 48 sized pots, and potted as loosely as possible, and without drainage, or, at most, one bit of crock or cinder over the hole to keep the stuff from running through. They never have air, they are frequently syringed, and to make up for the want of substance in the soil thev have frequent doses of manure water. They grow with lightning-like rapidity, and are in such a thoroughly artificial state that they ought never to be removed out of the place ot their nativity. "Noli me tangere" should be the general name for all of them. This practice may furnish the amateur with a practical lesson—first, to crock the pots properly, so that there will always be an outlet for surplus watev; secondly, to use a sound loamy compost, and to pot firm; thirdly, to keep the plants shut up only while they are making their first roots after a shift; fourthly, to give them air regularly as soon as they are able to bear it; fifthly, to give water only when they want it, and then plenty; and sixthly, to shelter them from cold winds, and let them have some sunshine, but never to be exposed to a burning sun-heat under glass during the height of summer.—Gardener's Weekly Magazine, and Floricultural Cabinet.
GARIBALDI. T; The following is an extract from a private letter, dated Varignano, Oct. 1:— The General improves. If one did not know that a rascally ball had broken the malleolus if the foot could turn on its own pivot; if the frame were not emaciated by the fever of the body, which is lessened, and by the fever of the mind, which still burns-the colour of his face, his serene eye, and sometimes the hilarity of his lip, would tempt one into believing the attempted heroicide of Aspro- monte a total failure. But last night he never slept.; nothing could make him sleep. He felt and feels in his heel the strangest sensation, as though, with all his might, he was striking it against an anvil. These are his words. Several times the ligatures and plasters were un- loosed, and a larger space left between the machine and the heel, and this was anointed with cold pomade. Still this sensation increases, lasts, goes away, and returns to torment him. The machine of which I speak was put into operation three days ago. It is a sort of iron cage, in which is suspended a cradle of swathes-a sort of hanging cradle-into which the leg is slowly let down on its soft pillow. Here the leg is extended and the foot of the patient supported. This useful p-ece of mechanism was brought from. London by Dr. Partridge, who ordered it of the- maker, Mr. Mathews, of Lincoln's-inn. I thank them both. With the leg suspended in this man- ner we easily dress his wounds, from a bed on the other side, and we lower him horizontally when lie wishes to sleep, and raise him up when he wishes to readorwrite. Intheseoperationshegiveshisordersin his metallic and sympathetic tones as if he were giving the word of command on board ship. Orders short and precise, a sharp look if the move gives him, pain, a sweet expression if effected ably and easily. The lion now sleeps, and I write, and he thanks you for the interest you take. We don't want nurses or any other women here. They would only make a confusion. The invalid wants for- nothing. No, I make a mistake. He would get well sooner if the fatal ministers who have suc- ceeded Cavour were by a plebiscitum expelled from this beautiful country which they have always outraged, and banished to England, where from your great people they would learn dignity. They grew arrogant, and they will die of a new morbus—- vanity, and concentrated ambition for self. Spread it oil yo„, tut pusseastrtSHof Rome is a question of life and death. If the French are to remain in Rome, the priests, the Bourbons, the Austrians, all burning with Satanic hatred against Italy, will foment conspiracies, spiritual and temporal, against our unity. They will re-inundate with assassins the Southern provinces; they will weary out our soldiers in the pursuit of these they will impede the Government in the easy collection of the taxes; they will hinder the levies; and they will make our magnanimous ally speak thus. There is no sympathy between the peoples of the north and south in Italy. I predicted it in 1859. There must be confederation and not unity. Napo- leon on the throne of Naples—while in Rome we will make the Pope's person respected. Vittoire may have the rest. Sicily, independent and confe- derate and I will help on the conquest of Venice by pillaging the Italians to make them pay all the debts of Austria. Behold Italy free and indepen- dent from the Alps to the Adriatic, as-I proclaimed her in 1859
On Friday, a numerous party of convicts arrived at St. Mary's Prison, Chatham, from the convict establish- ments in London, for the purpose of taking the place of those convicts who have been granted tickets of leave, or whose period of penal servitude has expired. During the time they are at Chatham they will be employed on the works in connection with tne extension of Chatham Dockyard. Wilful Attempt to Upset a Train.-Last week a malicious attempt was made at Houghton Viaduct, on the East Lancashire Railway, to upset the nine o'clock passenger train from Preston to Accrington, six miles east of Blackburn. The train consisted of an engine and two carriages. As the train approached the viaduct beyond the wood, adjoining the far-famed Houghton Tower, on the base of which the railway runs at least 80 feet above what is termed Houghton Bottoms, the driver perceived that it jumped over something, and after reversing his engine found that the driving-wheel of the engine had cut through some obstruction beneath it. The guard felt the obstruction and put on his break, when the engine was thrown off the metals and bounded on to the viaduct over a stream three yards wide, called the Darwin, which empties itself into the Ribble at Preston. At one moment tho. engine bounded almost against the fence the viaduct, and the driver and tender were apprehensive that the train was about to be precipitated into the water below, but providentally it passed over the viaduct close to the fence, and was then brought to a stand. The shock of the collision roused many of the passengers to the fact of their position, and they escaped from the carriages as speedily as possible— happily uninjured- The line was under repair, and new metals were being laid on the down line, parallel to the one on which the train was travellings The metal which was laid on the line was 16 feet long, and it was cut in two pieces. The Fatal Firework Explosion.-At the Lon- don Hospital on Thursday, Mr. Humphreys, one of the Middlesex coroners, held an investigation into the cir- cumstances of an explosion of fireworks in Bethnal- green, by which William Stockman, aged 40, lost his life. William Edwards, 5, Shacklewell-street, Bethnal- green, said that he knew the deceased, who was a fire- work maker, living at No. 8 in the same street, On last Saturday morning witness's wife was awakened by & loud explosion, which he discovered had taken place on deceased's premises. Witness saw from the garden deceased in flames standing in his parlour. Witness forced an entrance and removed deceased from the pre- mises and sent him to the hospital, where he died next day. When deceased was got put of the house he was burning fearfully, but he wanted to ruah back to get 10s 6d. which he said was in the parlour. Mr. Brown, the landlord of the premises, said that the house was let to deceased as a private dwelling one week previous to the explosion. He then said that he was employed at a firework factory at Lea-bridge. A policeman said that a number of starlights were found on, the premises, some of which were unexploded.. The origin of the catastrophe could not be ascertained. Mr. Jackson, the house surgeon, said that deceased was ad- mitted frightfully burned about the head and over the body. He died from the injuries. The jury returned a. verdict that deceased died from the effects of an explor. sion which took place while he was engaged in waking fireworks.