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The First Fog.

The Cape of Good Hope and…

Railway Indicator.






AMERICA. NEW YORK, SEPT. 16. An engagement occurred on the 14th inst., at Mum- fordsville, Kentucky, in which the Confederates were repulsed with heavy loss. Nashville is being fortified against an expected attack of the Confederate General Bragg. A portion of the Federal army has left Nashville to get in the rear of the Confederates in Kentucky. The Confederates in superior force attacked the Federals on the 10th instant, between Fayette and Gauley, in WesternVirginia. Jh.0 Federals have retreated to Elk River, below Charleston, Virginia. They had previouslv shelled that place, destroying all the salt works, and continued their retreat to Ripley, Virginia. The Provost Marshal of St. Louis has received instruc- tions immediately to carry out the Confiscation Act in Missouri. The property liable to confiscation is esti- mated at fifty million dollars. The Richmond Whig says that the expenses of the Confederate Government since the commencement of the war to August of this year amount to 347,000;000 dol's. The Confederate Congress has adopted a resolution to make a proposition to the Federal Government to treat upon the manner of conducting the war so as to mitigate its horrors. A bill has been introduced in the Confederate Congress to facilitate obtaining letters of marque, so as to render privateering more efficient. A resolution was passed recalling Messrs. Mason and Slidell. NEW YORK, SEPT. 18. After the engagement reported by M'Clellan on the 14th inst., the Confederates retreated during the night in the direction of Sharpsburg. No official despatches have since been published. The newspapers' correspondents report that the Federals pursued the Confederates on the 15th, on which day a battle occurred near Sharpsburg, between General M'Clellan and the Confederates under General Lee. The battle was renewed on the 17th, when General Lee was reinforced by General Stonewall Jackson, who had recrossed the Potomac into Maryland. General M'Clellan has also received reinforcements. The Philadelphia press describes the battle of the 16th as very severe, and states that the Confederates were flanked by Generale Hooker and Porter, and severely punished. The battle was renewed on the 17th by the Confede rates with great vigour, lasting till 4 o'clock in the afternoon, when the Confederates retreated, leaving the Confederate General Longstreet and part of his division prisoners. The same authority states that six Confederate batte- ries and 15,000 prisoners were captured since Sunday, The latest news received states that the result of the battle of the 17th was decidedly in favour of the Federals, but another battle was necessary to determine definitely who shall finally be the victor. The carnage is reported to be very freat. The Federal Colonel Miles, with 6,000, surrendered at Harper's Ferry to General Jackson, on the 14th. The Federals were parolkd. It is reported that the Confede- rates have since evacuated Harper's Ferry, and that it is now occupied by Burnside. The Federal gunboat Essex bombarded Nantez, Missis- sippi, during two hours and a half..Ths city surrendered, but was not occupied by the Federals. The Essex has burned Bayon Sara, Mississippi, leaving two houses standing. NEW YORK, SEPT. 18. The battle at Harper's Ferry commenced on th° 12th by a Confederate attack on the Federals stationed on Maryland Heights. The Federals sent reinforcements from Harper's Ferry to Maryland Heights, and the engagement continued during the 12th and 13th. The Federals evacuated Maryland Heights oa the 13th, and crossed on a pontoon bridge to Harper's Ferry, previously spiking the guns on Maryland Heights. On the 14th the Confederates assembled on London Heights and opened their battelies from that point, and also from Maryland Heights. Skirmishing nnntin 4tti. ±JuiID £ the night of the i £ tli the Confederates planted additional batteries on London Heights, and another battery on the opposite side of the Potomac to the right of the Federal position, thus enfiladiing,the whole of the Federal intrench- ments. The Confederates opened fire from these batteries on the morning of the 15th, when a Federal council of war was held, and a white flag displayed. During the hoisting the white flag a shell struck. Colonel Miles, who commanded at Harper's Ferry, wounding him mortally. The Federals surrendered to General Jackson on the following terms:—" Officers and men to have ready parole. Officers to retain their side-arms and private property. All United States property to be turned over to the Confederates." The Confederates paroled about 8,000 prisoners, and the Neio York Tribun. correspondent says they captured 10,000 stand of arms, 40 cannon, and cartridges and stores. 1,500 Federal cavalry succeeded in escaping previously from Harper's Ferry and captured en route Confederate General Long- street's baggage train. Rumours from various sources state that the Confederates immediately evacuated Harper's Feriy, and that the Federal General Burnside has since occupied it. The Federal General Morgan, who is surrounded at Cumberland Gap, writes that his troops are in good health and apirits, and that his condition is in every respect better than that of the enemy who surround him It is stated that the reported investment of Charleston by the Federal gunboats has received some confirmation in a letter received from the Federal squadron, stating that Fort Sumter had been fired upon with shot and shell, resulting in serious damage. The Governor of Pennsylvania states that 72,000 have responded to his call for the defence of the State, and he expects the number will be increased to 100,000. Drafting is to commence in the State of New York on the 1st of October.' An explosion occurred on the 17th inst., at No. 8 Arsenal at Pitsburg. One hundred and seventy boys and girls were employed eighty were killed by the ex- plosion. Severe Fighting. Retreat of the Confederates. NEW YORK, SEPT. 22. THE Confederates have retired from the bank of the Potomac opposite M'Clellan, and have retreated in the direction of Winchester. The Federals are crossing the Potomac at Shepherds- town and William's Point. The reported occupation of Harper's Ferry by General Burnside was incorrect. The Confederates evacuated Harper's Ferry on Friday last, after-destroying all the government stores and the pontoon bridge, and partly destroying the bridge of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The Federals now occupy Harrer's Ferry and Maryland Heights. NEW YORK, SEPT. 20. Later accounts from General M'Clellan's headquarters state that Tuesday last was chiefly passed in deploying the forces and gaining positions; but on Wednesday a severe battle was fought, lasting from dawn till dusk- The result of the battle was indecisive, but the superiority of position remained with the Federals; thdr loss is esti- mated at from 6,000 to 10,000 men. Federal General Mansfield was killed, and Generals Hooker, Dureza, Sumner, Meagher, Max, Weber, Dana, Hartsuff, Richard" son, Sedgwick, French, Ricketts, and Rodman were wounded. The loss of Federal generals and field omcerf is said to be so large as to be unaccountable. Little beyond skirmishing occurred on Thursday- General M'Clellan officially reports on Friday morning that the enemy abandoned his position on Thursday night, leaving dead and wounded^ on the field; and says:—" I do not know if the enemy is falling back to afl interior position, or crossing the river. We may safely claim the victory for ours." In a later dispatch he reports that General PleasantoO is driving the enemy across the rivor, and says :— Our victory was complete. The enemy is driven back into Virginia. Maryland and Pennsylvania are now safe." The Confederates all succeeded in crossing the Potomac on Friday morning, saving their transports and all their wounded, except 300. The Confederates are still visible in force on tM Potomac shore, opposite M'Clellan's position, and have posted artillery to prevent the Federals from crossing- The Federals estimate the Confederate loss at 18,00u to 20,000 men.

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