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The First Fog.

The Cape of Good Hope and…

Railway Indicator.




THE MONITEUR ON THE ROMAN QUESTION. The Moniteur of Sept. 25, contains the following. The Roman question having become the subject, of a polemic, it is opportune to make known what efforts have been made by the Emperor to bring about a recon- ciliation between the Holy See and Italy. On the 20th May, 1862, the Emperor addressed a letter to M. Thouvenel, maintaining the necessity for a policy of conciliation, and proposing a combination on the following bases: The Pope will lower the barriers which separate the Pontifical territory from Italy, and Italy will give the necessary guarantee for the independence of the Pope.' A double end (continues the Emperor's letter) will be attained by a combination maintaining the Pope as master in bis own domain, and lowering the barriers which at present separate the states of the church from the rest of Italy. In order that the Pope may be master, he should be independent, and his sway should be freely accepted by his subjects. We must hope that it will be thus when • Italy engages with France to recognise the privileges of the states of the church, and when the Pope, returning to ancient traditions, shall recognise the privileges of the municipalities and provinces, so that they may govern themselves. On the 30th May M. Thouvenel addressed a note to the Marquis de Lavalette, which says:—'The words of the Emperor have never held out a hope to the cabinet of Turin that Rome could become the capital of the kingdom of Italy with the consent of France. All the declarations of France announce a firm determination to maintain the Pope in the possession of his present territory. The only possible arrangement would be the maintenance of the territorial statu quo. Italy would have to renounce her pretensions to Rome, and engage with France to respect the papal territory, and assume the greater portion, if not the whole, of the Roman debt. You will communicate to Cardinal Antonelli the project of conciliation, in which there is nothing of a comminatory character. At the same time you will give him to understand that if the theory of immobility continues to be put forward, the Emperor's government, although as much as posible protecting the interests of the Holy See, would be com- pelled to quit a situation, the prolongation of which be- yond a certain time would falsify its policy, and throw the public mind into the greatest disorder.' The reply, dated Juno 24, of the Marquis de Lava- lette to the note of M. Thouvenel states that he had communicated the project of conciliation to Cardinal Antonelli, with whom he discussed it in four successive interviews. He found the cardinal opposed to all idea of a transaction, and his eminence at length stated that the project could not be received.



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