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OUTLINES OF THE WEEK. THE disturbances that have taken place latterly in that portion of the Turkish dominions, called Herzegovina, did not originate altogether through the oppression of the Sultan or through the exercise of his despotic power, as is the case in Servia but the quarrel has arisen amongst themselves, and entirely through a re- ligious bigotry. Herzigovina is a land of mountains, covered with fertile plains, and extending over about 8,400 square miles, with a Christian population of mixed Greeks and Catholics of about 122,000. Sixty thousand Mussulmans, however, hold all the landed property, and though their feudal privileges have all been taken from them, yet they still exercise an all but intolerable tyranny over their countrymen-a tyranny that is felt the more bitterly since the oppressors are of the same race as the oppressed, and have gained by apostacy this power over them. The hatred of Christian to Turk would seem to be scarcely greater, however, than that between the Greek and Catholic churches. It has been stated that in the revolted districts, unoffending pea- sants have been taken by Greek Christians and ordered to kneel and make the sign of the cross to prove the truth of their assertions that they were not Mussul- mans. The wretched creatures did so in accordance with the Roman Catholic form, and their lives were un- ceremoniously forfeited to the bigotry and ferocity of their unrelenting judges. Marriages between the two churches are strictly prohibited by the Catholic clergy. In material comforts the people seem to be no more advanced than in Christian charity. The state consists of three large towns, and seven or eight lesser ones, besides small villages. Even in the towns the inhabitants appear to live in a wretched state of poverty and discomfort, but the villagers are described as being in a miserable state, they generally inhabit some score of huts, built of rough stones, without window or caimney, and roofed wita boards, which are again thatched with straw they seldom con- tain more than one room, which the family occupies in conjunction with the poultry and domestic animals. The furniture of these luxurious abodes consists of a hand-loom, two or three iron pots, a few earthern ves- sels, and some wooden spoons. The bedding is a coarse woollen blanket, which serves as a cloak in wet weather, and as a mattress and coverlet for the whole family, without distinction of sex. For the most part, the peasantry are Roman Catholics, while the inhabitants of the town generally belong to the Greek church the landowners again have apostatised from their original faith to carry favour with the Porte, and profess the Mussulman faith. An undying hatred exists between each of these, and whenever opportunity offers they rob and murder each other. Such, then, is the condition of Herzogovina, and such is the cause of the occasional revolts that we hear of in this state. The resources of the country are said by Lieutenant Arbuthnot to be great. The olive and mulberry thrive in a wild state, and forest timbers grow to great perfection the valleys are fully capable of culture, and gold, silver, and lead have been discovered in the earth. It is supposed that cotton might be grown there to great perfection. But with all these advantages there has been a fatal error on the part of tha Turkish Government, which has prevented their growing with a progressive age. They have endeavoured to suppress any- thing that may tend to educational advantage. Sawing mills were introduced in 1850, but were immediately stopped by Omar; Pacha. Schools are nowhere per- mitted, and the people are brought up in ignorance and superstition. A country in this deplorable state has just cause against their rulers. To this demoralised condition may be attributed the present unsatisfactory state of affairs; and, until the Porte will choose to encourage education, and to promote everything which shail have for its object the development of the natural resources of the country, there can be no unanimity or order. WE rejoice that the prospects of the Lancashire Cotton Famine is improving; the treasure "hope" that lay at the bottom of Pandora's box has just emerged; it is exceedingly gratifying to relate that many thousand bales of cotton have arrived in Liver- pool from India, and we are informed that there are half a million on the way. We sincerely hope the manu- facturers will take advantage of this raw material, there will then be some hope for the Lancashire operatives their patience and noble endurance during all these varied troubles are beyond praise. They have manfully weathered the storm thus far with every inducement to crime, the returns show that in Lancashire it is not on the in- crease. But some months will yet elapse before they can be employed; there is a dreary winter yet before them, when extra comfort will be needed, extra food re- quired. We have seen some harrowing tales of distress in a little work, A visit to the Cotton Districts," in which the author describes the most agonising scenes the poor sickly wife, with child in arms, sings her first song in the streets, without courage to ask for aid, though the streaming tears betray her want, the sickly children, not able to bear the coarse fare allowed them, are sinking fast into the grave, whera actual suffering is visible in the countenance, it yet retains a manly bearing, and a look which seems to say We never give up; men that used to live in luxury are now satisfied with only a sufficiency of bread. The country gene- rally must sympathise with them, but kind words will not fill empty stomachs, or cover naked bodies. We remember an old anecdote of a good-natured gentleman, who got into difficulties through kindness to others. Well, all his friends were sorry for him, but words cost them nothing, and the gentleman remained in durance vile," till a number of lr's old companions met upon some festive occasion, and all exclaimed how sorry they were for Mr. B A gentleman now entered the room, who asked if they had spoken sincerely. They were indignant at .the question, when he answered, "My sorrow goes to the extent of £ 10, all I can afford T. I and now, gentlemen, I will test your sorrow." The friends could not refuse their aid, and Mr. B—- was liberated. Now, as regards the poor Lancashire opera- tives, we did expect that the manufacturer, who has for many years reaped the benefit of their labour, would have come forward, "heart, pocket, and hands," to assist them in their need. The initiative was, however, taken by others, and a cry of pity has gone from one end of England to the other—ah and even to our antipodes many have responded nobly, but there is still great need of help and we may still ask our friends, How great is your sorrow ? We have admired the system adopted by a very popular journal to enable every one to contribute a trifle. Cassell's Illustrated Family Paper called the attention of the public to this subject a fortnight ago, and issued with their publication a bill that may be filled up by penny subscriptions we are glad to hear the appeal has been well responded to, a very considerable sum having been already received- The Lord Mayor of London, with an equally liberal spirit, has invited all who can contribute wearing apparel to forward it to the Mansion House, and he will see that it is properly distributed. Our facetious friend, Mr. Punch, does not often give us anything that would" point a moral or adorn a tale," but last week he exhibits to our view a Spanish bull- fight, depicting the poor bull pierced with many wounds, and horses that the bull had gored in a most deplorable condition, and he dedicates it, "with every feeling of disgust, to the nobility, gentry, and clergy, especially of Spain and France." The cartoon might be slightly exaggerated, but we all know such things exist, and we hold up our hands in horror that it should be so. Yet our own feelings on many occasions are not a whit more humane. It is true bull-fighting is not permitted, but horse-racing is, and this we must make as exciting as possible to be attractive. Steeple chases over a danger- us country, where life and limb are in danger, will bring together thousands, whereas, if it were over a country not difficult to ride there would be no charm to the morbid taste of the multitude. Who can read of the late steeple-chase at Limerick without a shudder ? Sporting journals relate, with extreme minuteness, the beautiful start, the high spirits of the lookers-on. and the excitement experienced when, first, Capt. M'Creight got a tremendous fall, which incapacitated him from riding the remainder of the day. Next, Glendinane got a dreadful fall; the rider, Mr. Russell, fell also, and re- ceived serious injuries, such as are believed to be danger- ous Glendinane's back was broken. Then Bendemere fell, rolling over the rider, Mr. Falkner, who sustained a spinal injury to some extent, and was conveyed to the weighing-room in an exhausted state. Palermo fell, and the rider, Mr. Long, received injuries in the leg of a severe nature. Next, Merrimac fell and received mortal injuries, Romaika also fell, Anonyma fell'and the rider, Mr. Thompson, was rescued from a perilous position. In the end Kate Fisher won amidst great applause. But Kate Fisher's triumph was of short duration, for being entered for a steeple-chase run on the following day, another chapter of accidents ensued, and she amongst the rest got a tremendous fall and broke her back. These are only a few of the incidents connected with the Limerick races-the course being made as difficult as possible, and the danger as great; a vast concourse of people assembled and were highly delighted with their entertainment. Indeed, whether it be the flying Frenchman, or Blondin on the high rope, or a dangerous steeple-chase, whenever there is the greatest probability of a sensation scene, there will be collected the greatest crowdss What is the principle on which our laws against the cruelty to animals are a iministered? If individuals risk their own neuka hy riding steeDle- chases with impossible fences, it does not appear right to destroy fine and valuable horses, exposing them to a cruelty greater than the law should permit. It would be well indeed if a little more common sense and common humanity ruled our actions. There is little to be said about the political world, except that Mr. Laing, in addressing the Glasgow Chamber of Commerce on Indian affairs, made a de- termined attack upon Sir Charles Wood, whom he declared to be incapable of filling his present position, and that he had already done much to cripple the wholesome government of the country. Lord Stanley was invited to take the chair at a meeting of the Stockport Mechanics' Institution, but as this was neither time nor plode to bring forward politics, he altogether avoided them, and talked a great deal of nonsense. He said, to "popularise" science, was a feat intrinsically impossible, though there had been mistaken efforts made to create a popular love for science; this could never be, but it might be popular in its results. He then went on to encourage the Stockport men for the slow growth of their educational zeal, by the false doctrine that all slow growth is surer and safer than fast growth, on the old analogy of the tree which grows rapidly being the first to decay. What twaddle is this ? Is the vice or crime which grows most rapidly in a nation the first to decay ? A slow-learning boy may be a sure learner, but a slow-learning population implies a large number of men who do not learn at all. It might do very well for Lord Stanley to speak thus to gratify his hearers, but his sentiments will not bear cool reflection.

The First Fog.

The Cape of Good Hope and…

Railway Indicator.





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