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jIIiiCELLA NEOLS.!

DEATri OF DR. CANDLISII.

MODERN FARMING.

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MODERN FARMING. Mr. J. Mechi.'of Tiptrea-hall, Kelvedon, writes :1" follows to the Times :—"From long practice and ob- servation I venture to predict that the future of agri- culture, as regards the well feeding of the people and the profit of the farmer, will depend onmeat making and wheat and barley growing concurrently, especially on that extensive portion of the kingdom suitable for cereals rather than for pasture. Abundant evidencL" of this exists, especially in Norfolk, where land, not naturally rich, has been made a fertile means of feeding the people with bread, meat, and beer. This has net been effected by pasture, but by the purchase extensively of foreign agricultural produce for meat making. I quote, as an instance, by no means a solitary one, where, on a farm of 1,200 acres, in addition to artificial manures, about £-1,000 annually is paid for cake made from foreign grown linseed, amI from this is produced prolxdJly £ 3,000 worth of fat meat, and a proportionate ..quantity of manure to enrich the fields, and thus vastly increase the produce, not only of wheat, barley, and oats, but also of pulse, roots, clover, and other green crops suitable for meat making. Thus effect fol- lows cause for the farmers' profit and for the good of our country; for it is asserted by our most competent authorities (see Mr. Lawes in Royal Agri- cultural Society's Journal) that the best and cheapest manure results from making fat meat; but of course this system requires additional tenants' capital, or, which is the same in effect, a smaller area of holding in proportion to the usual capital, which may be taken as at present about £5 10s. to £6 per acre on the 47,000,000 of acres which form the tarmed area of the United Kingdom (see Board of Trade Returns). There is a vast margin for increase in this respect, for in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and some other well-farmed districts, where much meat and corn are produced by stock-feeding and artificial manuring, from £15 to JB25 per acre is frequently the tenant's capital, and there landowners have also a large capital invested in suitable build- ings, drainage, roads, and other necessary improve- ments. It is not to pasture that we must look for the future (although that is c:1.pable of immense improve- ment by feeding the cattle on it with foreign pro- duce and by draining and other means), for, according to the Board of Trade Returns, the average yield of hay per acre per annum is at present under one ton. Foreign feeding stuffs for meat-making may be obtained in unlimited quantities witness the lists of imports of linseed, cottonseed, raespeed, and cakes of the same; also palm-nut cake, Indian corn, locust beans (containing 41 per cent. of sugar), peas, beans, barley, oats, and buck-wheat. The vast importations of foreign human and animal food and drink amounting probably to £70,000,000 annually, ought, after consumption, greatly to enrich our soil and increase its produce, and will do so when we come to our senses on the great utilization of sewage question. Mighty steam has changed many things, and will greatly alter and improve our agricultural practice both as regards landowners and their tenants, but it will be, naturally, a work of time. Dis- cussion and agitation will hasten progress and im- provement, and land will be brought into a more suitable condition for the investment of increased tenants' capital. The production of meat in thi3 country at present prices is estimated at about 32s. per acre, or ;76,00,),0,10 per annum. On this farm, and on many others which I could name, the an- nual prodllee of fat meat has been during 30 years £ 3 per acre. On such naturally poor land as mine, profit depends upon meat making and corn growing concurrently; for in unaided pasture its products would be at a minimum in quantity, quality, and price."

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