unvarying odium thrown on suicide, and this as a protec- tion to the lives of the well-to-do. We cannot expect such Stoicism among the poor as the endurance of the pangs ot starvation to their bitter end, though some nobly show it. The question comes, shall they murder someone to possess themselves of means, or murder themselves rather than commit such a crime ? I reply, 'Teach them the last would he a venial fault compared to the diabolical wickedness of the first.' However we may try to hide it from ourselves, the ualy fact remains that population is only limited by star- vation and the attempt to render our people permanently better off is as fruitless as the taste of the Danaides, and must remain so until the world becomes virtuous enough to adopt Malthusian teaching, or 'our lady-doctors perchance stumble on some irreproachable method of regulating mouths by means.' -it "Far from endorsing all the remarks in Euthanasia, i could wish some of them were absent, but the grants of gold are abundant enough to render th* ore worth sitting and the author, as the first to break the ground I "ehcve at the present time, deserves the heartfelt thanks ot < who, lika myself, have had their feelings harrowed by the Bight of lingering, agonising, hopeless rfweasc, ^tin, through days and nights, weeks and months, of such m y as cannot be conceived unless seen. mWion — With regard to the religious aspect of the believing as I do in a perfectly ]usu Go( ->e iow„r weisrht for the happy immunity enjoyed by tne lower animals in ignorance of their fatal doom, except the power man has when life becomes intolerable through the anguish of hunger or disease, to lay it down. And I oan conceive life's weary pilgrim turning for res^ to the everlasting arms' with as little misgivingjib the tired child when it throws itself to sleep on its mother s breast. —O THE MERTHYR SCHOOL BOARD. The nunal fortnightly meeting of this Board was held on Saturday. Present—Mr CUrk (chairman), Mrs Crawshay, the Revs F. S. Johnstone, John Griffith (rector), P. Millea, O. W. James, Cornelius Griffiths, and Messrs Chas. James and Thomas Williams. The minutes of the last meeting were read and con- firmed. A PERSONAL MATTER. Mrs Crawshay Mr Chairman, I would ask your courtesy and that of the rest of the Board to give me a few moments for a personal explanation. The Chairman Oh certainly. Mrs Crawshay During my absenee in town a short tijne since, an anonymous letter appeared in a prominent part of a local daily newspaper (meaning the Western Mail), accus- ing a member of this School Board of circulating a pamphlet, from which some quotation* were made, which being with- out their context, gave a very unfair impression of tno dritt of the said pamphlet.. An interruption here took place upon the point as to whether this matter referred to anything which had trans- pired at the Board, after which Mrs Crawshay continued: Neither the name of the member nor of the work was given. Its name is Euthanasia," by JSCr S. D. Williams, junr., and 1 am the member who has lent it. Its drift is to consider whether much useless suffering might not be spared if it were made legal for doctors, in cases of hopeless and agonising illness, at the earnest desire of the patient, to put within his reach such anaesthetics as would assuage pain, even though at the cost of shortening life. This is not the place for me to argue for or against the idea but I do claim the hberty- although I am a member of two School Boards (and I wish my colleagues on both Boards and the public to know that I claim the liberty) of lending a work which has been twice named with high commendation in such a journal as the Saturday Review, without first ascertaining what is thought of it by every person capable of writing &n anonymous letter to a provincial newspaper. Those who care to judge for themselves can now procure the book at the price of one shilling through any of the local booksellers and I beg to thank you sincerely, Mr Chairman and gentlemen, for your ikindness in allowing me to make these remarks. The Rev F. S. Johnstone said, if he recollected rightly, the letter in question aspersed the character of the whole Board for the alleged actions of three of its memhers. He should not for a moment, however, have suspected that it referred to Mrs Crawshay, but for the remarks which had just passed. When they considered that it was an anony- mous communication, and, above all things, that it appeared in the Western Mail, he thought little notice need be taken of it, for his experience was that persons read matters in a contrary way to that stated in the columns of the Western Mail* He had a distinct recollection that the commumca- tion did not bear the name of the writer. Mrs Crawshay And that being so, it appeared to me only honourable to take what onus there might be in the matter on my own shoulders. The subject here dropped, and the Board proceeded with the business set forth for transaction on the agenda paper. MISCELLANEOUS. The transaction of business occupied but a short time, and it was not at all interesting. A rider was attached to the Troedyrhiw school agreement. The clerk was instructed to write to the Poor-law Board with regard to Mr Jones's (auditor) bill for incidental expenses, enclosing copy of letter to be sent. Several bills were passed. Communications were read from the Education Department, the most impor- tant of which was, that the bye-laws had been sanctioned, and now only await the seal of the School Board to become law. With respect to sites for schools, three members of the Board were appointed to see Mr Thomas Williams, Mr R. E. Davies, and Mr Richard Thomas as to the terms on which they would grant sites for schools at Penydarrcn, Twynyrodyn, and Caedraw. The gentlemen appointed were the Keva J. Griffith (rector), C. Griffiths, and Mr C. H. James. A PRESENT FROM MR BARNARD SMITH. The Chairman called attention to the chart on the table, which ho had received from Mr Barnard Smith (a celebrated author.) His arithmetical works had a considerable sale, and the author had written to him (the Chairman), asking him in his official capacity, to solicit the Board's acceptance of this chart, and other works, which he now did. The gift was warmly appreciated by the Board, who pro- ceeded to an inspection of the chart in question. This was all the business of importance. MERTHYR BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The usual weekly meeting of this board was held on Satu-day, Mr Clark in the chair. There was a good attendance of guardians, and amongst those present were- the Rev John Griffith (rector) and Dr Price Messrs J. C. Fowler, Rees Davies (barrister-at-law), William Gould, B. Kirkhouse, Henry Thomas, T. Hosgood, Arthur Jones, George Martin, Thomas Williams, John Williams, Rees Lewis, David Watkins, and Dr James. The master's report was read, from which it appeared that there were 297 in the house, as compared with d,57 the corresponding week of last year, and of the persons ordered ihto the house last week-18 in number—only three came in. Correspondence was read from the Poor-law Department, jtnd the monthly statements were placed on the table. DR GARB AND THE NUJMB. -REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. The following report of the committee appointed to inquire int.. the charges made by the nurse against the sfcrgeon of the Infirmary was read by Mr J. C. Fowler, chairman the committee :— ro THE QDAW)IAJ^| OF THE MERTHYR UNION. flfontlemea, -In conformity with your wish, we have in- TMtigated the differences between too head nurse and Dr GaJje. The formei, when she appeared before us, preferred VfUMons charges against the doctor, with respect to which we examined tho nurse herself, Dr Gabe, the master, Mr Ward (who acted for some time as the surgeon's deputy), and a pauper named William James. Two members of the committee also went to the Intirmary for the purpose of seeing a bed-ridden pauper named Quinlan, who was referred to by the witnesses. The result of our inquiry is Firstly! We find that some of the complaints preferred by the nurse against Dr Gabe are not supported by the ■evidence, and have, probably, been made under the in. fluence of irritation and ruffled temper. Under this head we place the charges connected with the cases of Quintan, William James, and the supplies of drugs, &c., in the dis- pensary. We caused an inventory of those articles to be taken, and we found that there was an ample supply for the ordinary service of the intirmary. Secondly. In some other cases the statements of the doctor and nurse were in conflict, and other evidence was not forthcoming. These charges related chiefly to his alleged neglect.of two women, and a man named M'Vie, who divd in the infirmary, as to whom tho nurse did not, and probably could not, offer any evidence beyond her own statement, which was denied by the doctor. We are unable to offer any opinion as to these and several other charges of neglect. Thirdly. In another case, that of a pauper named John Lloyd, who died in the infirmary, we find that he was seen and attended by Dr Gabe on a Saturday night; that he died on Sunday night, and was not seen by Dr Gabe on that day. The nurse affirmed that she sent for him by a note on the Sunday morning, and the doctor asserted that he did not receive it, and explained that he did not visit the pauper that day because he thought him beyond the reach of further treatment. We do not question the iruth of this statement, but we think that in every cade of ex- treme sickness, no matter how apparently hopeless it may be, the doctor ought to see the patient daily till the close of life, though such visits may be of no avail. Fourthly. With reference to a complaint as to the man- ner of keeping the workhouse medical relief book, we con- sider that there has beeu some laxity and irregularity in Dr Gabe's practice, but it seems to have occurred when he was unwell, or had not yet fully recovered from recent ill ness. We have informed him that in our opinion the book ought to be kept more carefully, and he assured us that in future he will do so. Fifthly. We deem it right to mention that Mr Lewis, a member of this committee, visited the pauper Quinlan after ■our first meeting, with reference to one of the complaints preferred by the nurse, and he then found Quinlan's foot and part of his leg in a state of extreme filth, and ap- parently unwashed since his admission. We think that the head-nurse neglected her duty with respect to thiw patient in not insisting upon perfect cleanliness. Sixthly, In consequence of the numerous complaints preferred against the doctor at our first meeting, we thought it desirable to ascertain the experience of tho Sister ■of Charity, who was iast in charge of the intirmary under Dr Gabe, with regard to his attention to the patients. We a^e glad to report that she considered him to be a skilful, kind, and attentive doctor, and her testimony is not qualified in any way. Sister Frances also, who was pre- viously acting as head-nurse, states that he was always attentive to the patients, though she thought that his manner was abrupt. Seventhly. Dr Gabe preferred no specific charges against the nurse, and we therefore made no inquiry in any quarter- with regard to her. The condition of the patient Quintan was discovered by Mr Lewis, and was not brought under our noticc by Dr Gabe. Eighthly. From an altercation which occurred in our presence between the doctor and the nurse, it was evident that the latter has a very irritable temper. It is probable that some abruptness in the manner or language of the doctor may have provoked that temper, and induced her to make more charges than she could sustain. Under these circumstances, we consider that it will be impossible for them to work together advantageously in an Infirmary separated from tho Workhouse, and almost entirely left to their joint management, unless the nurse can undertake to control her temper, and the doctor will treat her with as much consideration as ho seems to have shown to her predecessor.—We have the honour to be, gentlemen, your faithful servants, J JOHN COKE 1 OWLEK, Chairman for the Committee. The Chains Well, that is a valuable report. The committee appear to have discharged the duty efficiently, and certainly adopt a very reasonable tone in dealing with the matter. The question for us is, whether we decide to take that report into consideration immediately and dispose of it to-day, or allow it to stand over for a week. The matter brought before you is by no means of light conse- quence. There is no precedent that I know of to guide you in this matter, therefore it will be quite- competent to decide upon a course at once. Discussion arose upon the question, and it. was ultimately resolved, in consequence of the ab^enc. of Mr James Lewis, to defer the question for a fortnight. This was all the business transacted of pub ic importance. MERTHYR COUNTY COURT. (Before His Honour Jxuhje Falconer.) LEONARD V. THE GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. We publish this week the judgment as given by His Honour Judge Falconer in this ca^e. Mr Simons was for the plaintiff, and Messrs Smith and Levis for the defendants. His Honour Judge Falconer said This case was heard in part in December and was adjourned in consequence of the necessity, on the p >rt of the plaintiff, to prove t.he condition of certain goods at the time of their consignment from Gloucester. This evidence was given in February, and the illness of one person and absence of another, caused the case to be delayed until this court. The plaintiff is a large wholesale dealer in vegetables. In August one J. C. Stevens, of Gloucester,sold to hirn plums, peas, cucumbers, carrots, and vegetables. Mr Stevens and George Tike proved the packing to have been in good order and, aft'^r the packing, the early delivery, to the railway company. The goods were sent from Gloucester on August 0 and should have arrived at Merthyr 011 Thursday the 10th at 5 o'clock. but they did not arrive until Friday the 11th, after the afternoon wholesale business of that day had ceased. A large portion of the vegetables and fruit were found to be in a bad and fermented condition. The course of the trains from Gloucester to Merthyr is from Gloucester to Neath and thence from Neath to Merthyr. After the arrival of thegoods.andatthe earliest moment, Mr J. Gunson,oneof the railway officials, was sent for, and the fermented condition of the goods was shown to him. The delay in the forward- ing ot the goods arose from two of the axles of the waggons breaking and throwing some twenty waggons off the line, shortly after the goods train had left Gloucester at 7.50. The down line was in consequence torn up. One of the waggons, the axle of which failed, was next the engine and the other was two waggons off. The waggon with the vegetables was one of those which went off the rail. The company's agent in a letter sent to the plaintiff, represented thedetaytohstve been caused by an accident, and to have been unavoidable, and that as the case was an exceptional one, it was hoped that no claim would have been made. Messrs Gutison, Acker, and V allestan were called on the part of the company, but Acker is a. "tapper" and Vallestar was the goods guard. There was no Gloucester evidence to show that the accident prevented the goods being forwarded earlier than they were on the 10th-after the accident, and thus to have avoided the delay in the delivery until the 11th. T mean by the word "earlier," otherwise than hy;¡ usual goods train departing from Gloucester at a usual fixed hour. The rate of carriage charged and paid was the higher rate, at company's risk. The special condition as respected perishable goods," stated, among other matters, that "the company will not be responsible for any claim uron any such articles on the ground of loss of market, provided the same be delivered within a reasonable time after they come into possession of the company." As respects mere time, the conclusion I draw as a fact is, th'1.t they did not arrive in a reasonable time, and that whatever delay is connected with the accident, it is not shown that it caused a necessary delay extending to late in the afternoon on the llth. I had some doubt about the consignment note which was signed by the consignor, ar.d the goods were nominally consigned to the vendor at Merthyr but there can be no doubt that the goods were signed for (and the s-ords printed in the alternative admit this inference) as agent for the consignee, and that they were never intended to be consigned to the vendor at Merthyr—the name of tho vendor as con- signee being an obvious mistake. This, however, applies to only a portion of the goods. The goods were delivered on terms to the company which throw the risk on them. As respects the amount sued for, the plaintiff adopted the most advisible course for his own protection by inviting an inspection of the goods as early as practicable after their arrival at Merthyr, Judgment, therefore, will be for plaintiff.
ABERDARE INTELLIGENCE. THE WANT OF A COLLIERS'FUND.—A remarkable instance of the unfortunate rejection of the offer of the masters for forming a. permanent accident fund has just occurred at Llwydcoed. A poor fellow at the end of the week was brought home from his work quite dead. He leaves behind him no less than nine children and his widow. It is not easy to imagine the suffering that may have been averted from this bereaved family, by such a fund as the one pro- posed. A brother of the deceased was killed on the same spot a few years ago. Both were engaged at the time in blasting. THE LATE DROWNING CASE.—There appears to be some difficulty in identifying the body of the man found in the Cynov on Friday last, owing to the advanced stage of de- composition. The friends of a man named Price, who has not been seen for a fortnight, believe the body to be his. Price was arrested in the case of the man thrown down a pit naked a few years since.—An inquest was held on Saturday at the Swan Hotel, Aberainan, on the body found on Thursday in the river Cynon. It had oeen recogniserJ 1\1 the body of John Price, of Llwydcoed, one of the men accused of being connected with the shocking Llwydcoed murder, some time since, and who, when discharged, wept so bitterly. There was no evidence to shosv how deceased got into the water, and a verdict was returned of "Found drowned." PRESENTATION.—An interesting meeting of Foresters and a number of friends took place at the Commercial Inn, on Saturday night; Canon Jenkins presided. The object of the meeting was to give a practical recognition of the services of Bro. Lewis Humphries, Secretary to Court United Trade for fifteen years. The presentation con- sisted of an emblem of the Order of Foresters, beautifully written and framed. Upon it was the following inscrip- tion:—Presented by Court "United Trade," No. 5,057, A.O.F., to Bro. Lewis Humphries, for valuable services as Secretary. And also a silver medal, of very elegant design and workmanship upon thi" :1.1so were emblems and an in- scription. The medal was presented by Miss Hosgood. Mr Humphries thanked the Court in suitable terms. Addresses were delivered by Mr William Davis visitor; Chief Ranger J. Williams, Mr Lloyd, Gwladgarwr, and the Revs J, Joseph George and Canon Jenkins The meeting was entertained at intervals by the Abernant Glee Choir, who gave some excellent music; other songs were also given, and a very pleasant evening was passed. -+- MOUNTAIN ASH. DOOR-BOYS ON STRIKE.—COMMITTEES FORMED TO SETTLE DISPUTES BETWEEN MASTERS AND MEN.—An important meeting of colliers and others connected with the Mountain Ash colliers was held on Friday night at the Allen's Arms. The meeting was called together in consequence of the door-boys refusing to work on Friday. The refractory young culprits vere pre.-ent at the meeting, having been, before the opening of the proceedings, arrayed in a semi- circular form around the platform. They seemed to take great interest in the proceedings. Mr John Evans occupied the chair, and in unsparing language denounced these potty strikes, remarking that if such proceedings were allowed to go on unchecked, it would soon be high time for people to leave the place, as they could not, in this way, get a living for themselves and families. Mr David Morgan next addressed the meeting. He commenced by saying that these minor stand-outs had done more for the last thirty years in the Aberdare Valley towards lowering the condition of the colliers and exasperating the masters' feel- ings against them than everything else put together. He, in tho course of a temperate and telling speech, read to the meeting a clause of the rules of the Amalgamated Union of Miners, wherein it is stated that no union men are allowed to cease working, in consequence of disputes arising between them and their employers, until notice of their in- tentions be first sent to the chairman of the union stating the grievance then an inquiry will be made in the matter. The speaker then severely condemned the hauliers for leaving work one day last week and not complying with these rules. Mr Morgan concluded his speech by moving the following resolution: — That two permanent com- mittees, numbering 13 persons in each, be chosen from colliers and other workmen connected with the four works —one committee to represent the Cwmpennar collieries and the other Navigation and Deep Dyffryn collieries and that these committees shall have power to settle all future disputes arising bet Neen the masters and their workmen." Mr W. Edwards supported the resolution, after which it was put to the meeting, and carried unanimously. The committees were afterwards chosen from those present. It was also arranged that they should meet on Saturday night —the Cwmpennar's at the Harp Inn, and the Navigation and Deep Dyffryn's at the Navigation Hotel, to hear the door-boys' grievances. THE TWO-AND-A-HALF PER CENT. ADVANCE.—All the employes at the Navigation Pit were paid, last Saturday evening, the 2l percent, advance due on the amount of their respective earnings, from the date of their resuming work to the time of the award of the arbitrators. Great credit is due to Messrs Nixon, Taylor, and Cory for the fair manner this was done from what was heard from some of the men, even the odd penny had its place among the items on the pay sheet and papyr oaeh." Of course, the satis- faction ot the men is complete. LOCAL BOARD OF HEALTH. The fortnightly meeting of this board was held on Monday, at the Workmen's-hall, when there were present Messrs G. Wilkinson (chairman), D.Morgan, L. Evans D. Wilhams, J. Griffiths, JS. Thomas G. Brown, J. Edwards, 1 Edwards, D. Coleman, J. Gray D. James, and the Rev J W. Williams. The declaration of the new members as to their qualification to sit on the board was duly signed.—The contract with the Gas Com- pany for lighting the public lamps was the first question of importance under the consideration of the boaru. After a desultory conversation, it was agreed that an agreement on the basis of the old one, with the exception of the re- duction lately made by the company as to the price of eas be signed by the board.— Ihe water for the use of the fire-hose was granted by the Water Company, provided the board will recompense the company for the use of the water, and provide hydrants in convenient places. It was left to the consideration and discretion of the company for the first year to charge according to their own judgment for the water supplied. A conversation occurred as to the number of hydrants required in the town. It was agreed that the number should be 28, at a cost of 7s. Jd. each. A letter was read by the clerk from Mr Spickett, clerk to the Pontypridd guardians, in answer to a letter written to the guardians, asking them for the use of the hearse to convey the corpses of persons who had died from the effects of small-pox to burial. The use of the hearse was granted conditionally on its being returned the same day.—The medical officer's report stated that the place was at present exempt from any new cases of small-pox, all who had suffered from it being in a convalescent condition.—This was all the business of importance. PONTYPRIDD INTELLIGENCE. THE ORDNANCE SURVEY.—The detachment of Engineers who are engaged in surveying this district have issued a notice that anyone removing a. boundary stone, post, block, bolt, pole, or mark placed by them in their survey will be liable to a fine of £10. SCHOOL BOARD MEETING.—The usual monthly meeting was held at the Parish Vestry-room on Wednesday after- noon. Members present—Messrs. D. Davies (in the chair), T. Edwards and Dr. Hunter. In the absence of letters expected from the Education Department, the business was confined to monetary matters. The finance report was read, and cheques for the several amounts were accordingly signed. INQUEST.—On Tuesday an inquest was held on the body of John Williams, who died suddenly a few nights ago, at. the Colliers' Arms, before Mr Williams the deputy- coroner, and a jury. A verdict of Death from natural ca m;cs was n>turned. AccrDENT ox THE TAFF VALF WAY —An accident, an nnusal event on this line, occurred at the Pontypridd Station on Friday morning by the breaking down of one of Powell Duffryn's wagons laden with coal while parsing through the station, which caused some delay in the traffic, the down passengers having to run on the up line, while the up passengers had to stay at Treforest until the down had passed. After the obstruction had been clean d away the traffic was resumed. A MELANCHOLY CASE AT DIN VS. -It will be in the recol- lection of our readers that about three weeks aco. a boy of about 12 years oi age fell into the Ilhondda while crossing a narrow bridge on his way to school. One sad feature in the affair is that the poor mother, by her dreadful anguish at the loss <f hrr hov, has become deransred in her mind, and she has been convened to the Bridgend Asvlu-n. The report reached the neighbourhood that the body of a boy had been seen floating in the sea at Penarth. It is said that as soon as the statement came to the ears of the poorftthcr. he started and walked that night to Penarth, a distance of twenty miles, but to find that the report was without any foundation. ANOTHER AWFULLY SUDDEN DEATH.—A man named David Bowen died suddenly at the Bunch of Grapes Inn, near the station, Wednesday. The deceased was the land- lord of the Tremains Inn, Cwmpark, Ystrad. He came, as was his wont every fortnight, to Mr Jones, for the purpose of taking back with him a supply of silver change. Whilst in the fikittte-allev. he was seen to bend suddenly forward. He was immediately attended to. but he merely gasped once. He was carried into the house, where everything that could be thought "f was done in endeavouring to restore him. Dr. Leckie wns iu :1. few minutes in at.tel1rbnee, bur only to find that he was beyond human assistance. He has left a wife amI fhe small children to mourn his loss. £20 Is. 9d. was found by Police-constable Jones in his breast pocket. AWFULLY SUDDEN DEATH.—A man of the name of John Williams, cabinet-maker, in the employ of Mr Crockett, in whose employment he has heen for twelve years, died suddenly between ten and eleven o'clock on Saturday night at his house in Mill-street. He had been working during the day, and according to the statement, of his fellow work- men, was, if anything, more cheerful than usual. Mr Crockett states that when he received his pay on that night he appeared to he in good health and perfectly comfortable. When taking Lis supper with his wife he suddenly coughed and threw a quantity of blood up. He merely had time to say to his wife Tis all over," before he fell back in his chair in a state of unconsciousness. His poor wife gave immediate alarm, and a number of people rushed in. He war carried to bed, hut it was found that the vital spark had depaited. He wars It mlll well known in the town, Imr1 much respected. His house is next, door but one to that in which the poor old woman, Mary Evans, met her dentil by burning a short time back. THE SANITARY CONDITION OF THE RIIONDDA VALLEY.— It is stated that the smal1-pox is spreading in the Hhondda Valley, but more particularly in the neighbourhoods of Cymmer, Dinas, and Tonypandy; and loud grumblings are heard because the proposed house-to-house visits, to induce people to re-vaccinate, have not, been made, as was suggested by Dr Home when lie visited the district. That more energy is not evinced by the proper authorities for the purpose of checking the epirlemic j. very remarkable. It appears as if the men in authority in some portions of the district are disbelievers in the e-'F cts of science to deal with epidemics; but that they pref r Relieving tbe Koran of Mahomet, that" what is to be i" sure to happen;" therefore attention to the sanitary condition of the district is but a few degrees removed from a" absolute waste of time. We are unwilling to stigmatise the authorities with being so much behind the age as to be ignorant of the noble strides science has made, and of how much it has done to ameliorate the condition of humanity but it appears to us that they have shown a singular want of foresight to improve the sanitary condition of some portions of the district. We are sure they cannot plead ignorance as extenuation, but that it is attributable to neglect only. It is stated that at Dinas water closets are really a rarity It is said that for 1,000 inhabitants there are only ten of such places, and this is given as an illustration as to the condition of other local- ities in the Ilhondda Valley. Can anyone in the face of these figures venture to say that the authorities are doing their duty ? If more inspectors are necessary, why not appoint more? The district of the Pontypridd inspector is much too large. When the population was half what it is at present, probably one man could do the work but he can only pass hurriedly through it as things are at present. One thing is certain, that unless immediate mpasurcs are adopted to improve the sanitary condition of Dinas, th'*re is great probability that the terrible epidpmic will extend its ravages among the industrious population of these beautiful valleys. It is stated that in the Dinas district, owing to the want of proper drains, poisonous deposits are retained during the day in the houses where there are small-pox patients, and emptied into the river at nightfall. If this be true, the wonder jil that the population have not been decimated by the disease. The whole country have a right in demanding the immediate attention of the proper authorities to the subject, for it is a source of peril to the public generally. The Local Government Board have discovered the condition of some portions of the parish of Llantrisant, and have issued instructions to convene a vestry meeting to consider the sanitary improvements re- quired, and that without delay. It is to be hoped that other districts will at once pay attention to the same subject.
PETTY SESSIONS. WEDNESDAY.—(Before Mr. E. Williams and Major Lce.) THE CHAltGE OF AltSOX AGAINST A SHOPKEEl'ER, John Davies, toy dealer, was charged with having wilfully set his house and shop on tire on the llth ult. Air Morgan, of Cardiff, defended the prisoner. The fir.-t witness called was Thomas Cooke, who deposed that the prisoner and his wife left home about four o'clock in the afternoon in question, leaving their children at his house. John HolJert" whose house is opposite the prisoner's, and who was tbe first to notice the light in prisoner's shop, said that he gave the alarm and assisted to lireak open the duor of the prisoner's shop. When he got in he saw tire in the right hand corner. He and Mr Morgan brought some water in buckets, and extinguished it in a short time. Fancied by the quantity of smoke there was another fire, and with others, went up and saw that part of the floor was on tire. Found under the door-way that a plank had been removed, and in the hole there were some matches and chips partly burnt. In about a quarter of an hour went there again, and saw the remains of a candle and some paper parity burnt at the bottom of the hole, which were pointed out to him by Superintendent Matthews. The witness subsequently stated that he was not certain that it was the superintendent who first called his attention to the remains of a candle and some paper in the hole. Went down- stairs into the shop, and there Superintendent Matthews called hia attention to more matches, chips, paper, and the remains of a candle in a paper socket on the shelf where the first fire was discovered..There were matches on an adjoining shelf. Match-boxes were also here aud there among the toys. Cross-examined by Mr Morgan Had Jived in his present place 15 years. Had known the prisoner since be lived opposite. Knew Mr Morgan living next door to the prisoner. There is an iron trap-door in the pavement, and believed it was fast that night, for he saw a rope reaching in that direction, but could not say that it was fast to the grating. Conld not say that the grating hinges were secured. Had heard since this happened that Mr Morgan, living next door to the prisoner, had had a quarrel with, him about the right to a water-closet, which resulted in each family having separate keys to it. Re-examined: i'he piece of board upstairs appeared to have been recently taken up. Mr Morgan opened an up- stair window, and called out, "Fetch some water." Saw the key in the lock in the inside of the back door. lie-examined by Mr Morgan Didn't know that all the windows were without fasteners. John Morgan, printer, who said he lived next door to the prisoner, gave confirmatory evidence. In cross-examin- ation he said he had not been on bad terms with Davies. Opened a water-closet door with a key belonging to his own desk. Jsever opened nor attempted to open any other lock belonging to prisoner. He (witness) fancied he had a partial right to the closet. The prisoner had another lock placed there and had the best of it. Didn't at all feel angry in consequence. Could not say positively whether he had on this night any ladders at the back of his premises. Had the use of the closet for twelve years before the prisoner came there to live; but as soon as he came he had a lock put on it. Sergeant Thomas and the ma.n Gaze gave corroborative evidence. Mr Superintendent Matthews said that when he spoke to the prisoner, who returned home late, he stated that he had locked the place himself, and that he had leit every- thing quite safe. Asked him if he had any keys. He said, Yes here they are," and delivered them to him. Told him he would take him (the prisoner) into custody on sus- picion of having wilfully set fire to the premises. The prisoner, in reply, said, "All right." He subsequently asked if lie (the superintendent) had been particular to observe whether all the doors were locked. J old him that they' werc all locked except the shop Joor. Found on the counter a piece of composite caudle, which had the appearance of having been newly cut. Mr PlÎce, insurance agent, proved the prisoner had in- sured his stock and furnituie in one of the offices repre- sented by him for £ 300. The oompany refused to prosecute ill this affair. It Was not llls cuatom to valuo stock to see if it was equal to the amount insured. For the defence Martha Gibbon was called, who said she was in prisoner's house until they left to go a way that afternoon. Mr and Mrs Davies and children left the House the same time as she did. One of the gratings was not fastened. Some further evidence having been given, the prisoner was cOUlmitted for trial at the assizes, bail tieing refused. RHYMNEY INTELLIGENCE. Inchest.—An inquest was held on Tuesday at the Castle Hotel before Mr \V. li. lhewer, on the Oudy of John Sanders, contractor, whose body was found in a pond at the back of lli: h-street on Sunday morning. From the evi- dence of the witnesses it appears deceased had for the last moiith sliovvn Home slight ^ytuptonjs of mental disease, but notion" to load to the supposition that lie contemplated self-destruction. As it was impossible to find out how deceased got into the pond, the jury returned an open ver- dict of "Found drowned." TREDEGAR INTELLIGENCE. SANITOKY.—We arc informed that small-pox begins to show signs of decreasing. There are a number of cases still under treatment, but, as far as we can learn, the disease has begun to diminish in virulence. THE FUNEKAL OF MRS HAKIUIY took place at Bedwellty on Thursday week. The mournful cortcqe consisted of the hearse and six carriages, invitations having been issued to the tenants of Mr Harrhy and a few intimate friends. A- large number of shops was closed entirely, and every window in the town had the blinds down. The weather was exceedingly wet and boisterous, and it added consider- ably to the general gloom which pervaded the minds of the populace.— c regret to hear that Mr Harrhy and a son are prostrate through severe illness.
DIJNVIR.LH & Co., Belfast, arc the largest hoers fold whisky in the world. Their Old Irish Whisky is rccom mended by the medical profession in preference tl French brandy. Supplied in casks aud cases for home use or ex- portation. Quotations on application to MESSRS. DUN- VILLE 4v Co.^IIUSJI KoyaJ/ DISTILLUBIKS, BELFAST. 471
HOW TO BECOME TRULY RICH; OR, THE ECONOMY" OF INTELLECTUAL LIFE. How are people to become truly rich ? If this question were put to the great mass of our nation how many would be the opinions given how varied the advice which would be tendered Some men would tell you of their early struggles, of thfir hard work, and of their gradual rise others would relate how, by shrewd observation and suc- cessful undertakings, more or less speculative, they had amassed a handsome competency and at length the social economist, who has thought oVt'r the "conditions of well-, being," says you must be industrious, you must seek the best market for your labour, you must be prudent, you must save. Now we hear this advice constantly given we wish we could as often see it followed. True, we have banks for savings, and we have clubs for savings, and if schools were what they ought to he. we should have a hundred times as many as we have of such institutions. Would that each man, woman, and child could he tvuirht that every shilling saved is a brick in the structure of independence which it is alike the duty of all to endeavour to rear. But the advice, "You must save," does not go far enough—that is to say, it- tells people to take care of some- thing, but does not show them how to obtain it. You must save—What? asks the youth who haR just left school, and whose present earnings barely suffice for his immediate wants I have nothing to save. You must save—What? asks the working man, whose wages only just, even with the most careful management of the good wife, scantily supply the wants of the family— what can I save? The answer is plain and simple. You can save, or. in other words, make the best use of time, and so turn it into money or that which is in the highest sense its equivalent —intellectual development. Every man can turn the golden minutes of his given life to his own good account. Let us then proceed to show the means to the end and when we say, Le industrious," let us indicate the pro- cesses by which industry imy be directed so as to be useful, otherwise it might become laborious waste; let us point out how time is nione", and something more, and that by saving the one, we may possess more than the advantage of )hf other. The great engine which we would employ to accomplish the desired result is Education—self-instruction, mutual instruction -which worch, being addressed to working men, mean—help yourselves, help each other. We must assure our artizans that even if they attend evening classes (which is not always convenient for them), they have so much to do to make up for lost time, that tlwy must read at home as well, and that if tbey cannot have the benefit of aolult schools, all the more does it become necessary that they should devote their evenings to self-instruction. If a year or two ago there had been offered to our working men an increase of wages condi- tionally on their putting by a trifle per week for their future benefit, many—very many—would gladly have accepted the condition, and now, practically, their wages have been' raised, for by the ni.)e-hours system less time is demanded of them and we appeal to them now as sensible mon, who would command their own self-respect, and figure well in "the march past" of the world's great review—as men who in moral worth, in mental power, and in manual skill, can boar comparison with the artizans of any other country in the world—as a body of men, some members of which have already taken their seats in our Educational Parliament, to arrange and guide the instruction of the country—as Englishmen, anxious for the good repute of their native land—and we say to them, Save, save the extra time thus placed at your disposal, and devote it to intellectual culture, to self-improvement." A few years ago this advice would have been difficult to follow. Books were written for the further improvement of those who had already had the advantages of a good education, whilst some were adapted more for the exhibi- tion of the knowledge of the author than for the instruction of the public they weie complex and expensive. In matter, they shot over the working man's head in price, they were beyond the compass of his pocket. We are thankful to say that day is past, and some of our greatest men are devoting their time and talents to the compilation of lessons for those who have previously been allowed to remain in darkness and thus it is that we are enabled to hail with the most unfeigned gratification the re-issue of Cassell's Popular Educator," the first number of which, now being published, is accompanied by a broadsheet, in itself a history of the present century, giving as it does an abstract of the leading events in our political and constitu- tional history—our social historj and domestic occurrenccs —our foreign relations—our religious matters, science and art, law, trade and commerce, literature, and biography of men of the period. In the "Popular Educator," almost every branch of education is treated in such a simple, clear, yet sound manner, that so long as a man can just read, he will be able to follow the lessons; and by removing the separate stones (the stones of ignorance) from the lower part of the rugged hill, he will gradually clear a path by which he will reach the temple of knowledge, whence a prospect will meet his view which will present the world to him in an aspect totally new he will be enabled to connect cause and effect, he will perceive the glorious track science aud art are pursuing thnuighout the world, he will see the direction labour should take, he will think, he will feel, he will wonder, he will admire, and will at length himself be impelled to shed around on his fellow-creatures some of the light which has fallen on him. Let us then make no unsparing use of the opportunities now at our disposal, and since our working hands have come to be regarded as working hearts and working heads, let each culticate the mental powers with which he is endowed, then indeed will our country be proud of such works as the Popular Educators, to which so much of our educational progress is due. One word more. We have challenged an honest com- parison with foreign nations, and we have heard some of our English worklllen say, "I dont want lcarJling in my trade;" and this might perhaps be taken as an excuse, erroneously given, for spending time in places of evil resort or iH idleness. "r e have before us a report of a union of working men in :Berlin-a body of men who meet for mutual instruction. A mongst the men who read and study we find bakers, barbers, tilers, tanners, shoemakers, printers, ropemakers, chimney-sweeps, labourers, and slaughterers besides, of course, hundreds of artizans who practise what is called skilled labour." All these men find the benefit resulting from study— they find it humanising and elevating so will our own artizans. Then, indeed, by its agency will our school- rooms become mines of wealth, our working men's reading. rooms will be in the incipient savings banks, and our artisans learn the practical economy of intellectual life- the secret of how to become truly rich. THE CHURCH AND THE BIRMINGHAM EDUCATION LEAGUE. The following letter contains so much good sense and sound argument on the question of public compulsory aid to denominational schools, that We have much pleasure in giving it publicity, The pleasure is also en- hanced by the fact .-hat. it is from the pen of a clear. headed and liberal-minded minister of tire Established Church—unfortunately a somewhat rare minister in that communiun TO GEORGE DIXON, ESQ., M-P-) PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION LEAGUE. Sir,—While the Scotch Education Bill is awaiting its fato in the House of Commons I take the liberty of addressing you as the representative of the Birmingham Education League upon the educational policy of the Government, and upon the attitude taken by certain Liberal Churchmen, as well as by Conservative Churchmen generally, towards that policy, My plea for troubling you must be my conviction that at the present educational crisis those Churchmen who see in the League's new programme the true and only solution of the educational problem for the peace of the State and the welfare of the Church are in duty bound to come forward and render the League, how- ever humbly, all the assistance in their power. But before proceeding I desire, with your leave, to tender you my most hearty thanks for the able and indefatigable manner in which, as a Liberal politician, you have conducted the resistance to the politically traitorous work of Mr Forster in this matter of education. Liberal Churchmen have, of all others, I oonceive, a right to feel deeply on this matter. Like myself, at the last general election, many of them, true to their Liberal principles, but at the cost, to say the least, of many sacrifices of feeling and of friendship, sup- ported the Liberal candidates, and became, in their measure, responsible for bringing the Liberal Government into power. Now, although the main question at that time before the country was the disestablishment of the Irish Church, it can scarcely be denied that the Liberal electors were in confident expectation that the education question would be treated, if the Conservatives were then defeated, with the same fidelity to the broad principles of Liberalism as the question of the Irish Church. At all events, I for my part, fully expected it, and I maintain that, as a Liberal elector, I had a. right to expect it. 1 now confess to intense and sorrowful disappointment at the educational policy of the Liberal Government; a compromising, retro- grade, and too surely fatal policy. I am disappointed at what appears to me therein a breach of trust; a Conserva- tive measure devised and carried by a Liberal Cabinet. I am disappointed and moitified at its consequences the defeat of the Liberal army by the Liberal leaders in alliance with the political enemy; the disorganization of the Liberal forces the shattering of the Liberal strength. Under these circumstances 1 feel that a debt of gratitude is due to the League, and to yourself in particular, for the gallant efforts made to rally the dispersed combatants, and to recall the leaders to their rightful and true allegiance to Liberal principles. As a Liberal, and (for reasons to be assigned bclo\"d as a Churchman, I can only express my earnest hope that you will not cease these efforts until the programme of the League, in its main features at all events, becomes the law of the land—secular education by the State or community; religious education by the Churches. The League and its programme being prominent candi. dates for public approval, I beg leave to indicate reasons why 1 believe that they deserve and ought to secure the support of all those throughout Great Britain and Ireland who are sincerely anxious for the religious education of the people, and who desire to see this imperial question settled on grounds of equality and justice, applicable alike to the three kingdoms. And inasmuch as I shall take for granted that, with the exception of the Romanists who are aiming at supremacy in the sister island), all Nonconformists will array themselves on the side of the League, I believe I may be excused if here I especially advocate that in the interests of the Church, for the maintenance of the rights of Churchmen, for the continuance and extension of a sound, loyal, and religious education of the poor, we Churchmen ought thankfully to admit and respectfully to urge the claims of the Birmingham League both upon the Government and the country. I am perfectly (satisfied that upon candid examination and upon due consideration of all the great interests at stake, its programme will be found the only one that promises permanient satisfaction, or that deserves the credit of impartiality, justice, wisdom, and above all, of religion. It is admitted on all sides that the poorer classes must be educated it is further admitted that they ought te receive a religious education. All parties, moreover, are agreed that there is an education which is secular, and that there is an education which is religious nor will any deny that both the Church and State have some function in the edu- cation of their members. As regards its subjects therefore, education is conveniently divided into secular and religious; as regards its guardians, into education by the State and education by the Church. Now if efficient education is to be given as a whole, and neither branch to be ignored, it appears to me to be the plainest dictates of common sense that the State ai d her powers shall be responsible for the one branch the Church or the Churches and their powers for the other branch. If the Churches fail in their duty if the poor of the country do not receive or be in any danger of not receiving a religious education, it is and will remain the fault, not of the League, nor of the State, but of the Churches themselves. For the Church to raise the cry of distress to the State in the religious interests of the poor, is simply to proclaim her own unfaithfulness, to cast doubts upon her own honesty of purpose, to declare her own distrust in her origin, her mission, and her powers. I hold III. firmly and as strongly as the Roman Archbis.iop of Westminster that the Cbureh is the true guardian of the faith and morals of her children and—according most fully similar right to others—I distinctly refuse to allow the claim of anyone not belonging to my Church to abridge, relltrnin. or otherwise interfere with my inculcating in all its ftilin,s the doctrine of my Church in the minds of her members; rut, on the other hand, what Aichbishop M;.li- ning willingly forgets or ignores, I am bound to ren en;I ir that. for the security of the Church in this her inali' i.able province, t-be must recognise and admit, the corresponding rights, duties, and province of the State If f&ith >.nd morals belong to the Church, rates and taxes belong to the State. And since I contend that the Churches rnrst. re- fuse or allow ratepayers and taxpayers, an such, to dictate or modify the religious instruction of the Church, so. on the other hand, I must consistently refuse to allow the right of the Churches, whether of majorities or of minori- ties, to raise and use for their special purposes the rates and taxes of the community. In other words. I most demand that neither local rates not Government rrants be devoted to denominational schools. And here it is necessary to remark upon the utter absurdity of the assertion that the conscience clause is pit equitable com- promise which removes all grievance. If conscience be sacr- d, justice demands that the conscience of those who teach shnll he as tenderly and liberally protected as the conscience of those who learn. But seeing that qui ford per alium facit per i>e, under this Education Act, all rate- payers and taxpayers who contribute to denominational schools, other than of tbeit own denomination, are tyranni- cally compelled to teach that of which they disapprove, and much of that which their consciences abhor. Yet ihe dp- fenders of this Act and of this system, those who plead for time to he given for its disastrous work, attempt to dis- parage and silence complaints by extolling, forsooth, the conscience cliltime-a clause which permits, indeed, rot to learn what the conscience condemns, hut. leaves th" com- pulfion to teach it as anomalous and monstrous as h, fore. r n fact, conscience having two equally sacred and two equally Indefeasible rights, and" the one being taken and the other left," the process is trumpeted as a fair and equitable compromise A fair and equitable compromise, for example,'between thefgovernors of th.. nank of E:ij.land and a gane of burglars that the Bank be rohhed of its bullion and retain its notes! I forbear to dwell upon so transparent an absurdity and so palpable an injustice. I maintain, then, that neither the rates noT the taxes ought to be devoted to denominational purposes, and that when devoted they ought, with due notice, to cease and deter- mine and the interest of the State and the principles of the State demand that the burden of secular education shall rest upon the community at large, to be borne by the rates and taxes but that the interests of the Churches and the principles of the Churches require that religious education shall be given by the Churches at the cost of the Churches. In conclusion I only beg permifsion to congratulate the Town Council of Birmingham on their pI nmpt and decided refusal to obey the precept of the School Board. In such manner only can practical effect be given to verbal protest. I trust, that this and similar examples will be followed all over England by Liberal constituencies, and that if neces- sary a further league will be formed of those who, as well on politiofcl as on religions grounds, will pledge themselves to refuse payment of these extortionate and iniquitous rates, until the 25th clause of the Education Act be repealed, and the Act otherwise amended, so as to bring it into con- formity with the requirements of true Liberalism and true religion. Otherwise, if this Act is to continue unamended, if similarly odious provisions are to be forced upon Scot. land and permitted for Ireland, we shall, to the disgrace of this country, and to the lasting disgrace of the Liberal party, see the fires of religious strife rekindled in almost every borough and parish, and Christian men again ing joyfully the spoiling of their goods," under the perse- cution of Liberal Government, and the inquisition-in- chief of Mr Forster.—I have the honour to be, sir, your very obedient servant, JOHN B. M'CMTLAX. Vicar of Bottisham, Rural Dean of North Camp. in the diocese of Ely, and late Fellow of Trinity College, Feb. 21. Cambridge. THE Minus REGULATION BILL.—The miners' delegates, representing the several miners' associations throughout the country, have been sitting during the past week ex.iminiug the details of the Mines Regulation Bill, now before Parlia- ment. On Saturday the Trades Union Congress Parliamen- tary Committee had an interview with them for the purpose of ascertaining how far the Bill of the Government met the requirements of the mining population. The delegates re- ported that after the most mature deliberation they con- sidered the Bill, on the whole, a fair and honest attempt on the part of the Government to deal with this important, but vexatiously delayed, question. They added that the delay which had occurred had been to Rome extent compensated for by the juster and more complete provisions of the measure now before the House of Commons. After several questions had been put and answered, it was agreed that the Parliamentary ConimLtee should make known the feeling of the miners' delegates to the Trades' Union of the country, and request their active support to the incisure of the Government, so that they may be enabled to success- fully carry it through the House of Commons during the present Session. Mr Alexander M'Donald and Mr George Howell were deputed to make known the above to the Trades' Unions of the United Kingdom. THE METALLIFEROUS MINES REGULATION BILL.-The public agitation in favour of comprehensive legislation in reference to minis and the people employed therein is likely to be attended with some very beneficial results during the present session of Parliament. The Metal- liferous Mines Regulation Bill is one tlf the most important measures, having for their object the amelioration of the condition of the people, which have for a long time been introduced. The Bill in question deals with the employ- ment of women and children in mines, and fixes a limit as to age, and the time of work is to begin at midnight on Sunday, and to end at midnight on the succeeding Satur- day. There are educational previsions with respect to boys, and on the application of a teacher, the employer is to pay a sum for schooling, the employer having power to deduct the amount so paid from wages. The boys and male persons are to be registered no person under 18 is to be employed about engines, and penalties are to be enforced in case of a breach of this regulation. No wages are to be paid at a public-house. There are strict provisions as to returns relative to mines, the descriptions of the workings, abandonment, and fencing of old mines, and other essential details. Any person who acts as a land agent, manager, viewer, or arbitrator will not be qualified to act, as an inspector of any mine. Inspectors will have the power of ordering certain work for the avoidance of accidents. Important conditions with respect to arbitration are set forth, and the rules with reference to ventilation, the use of gunpowder, iron pickers, and other details are most minutely set forth. The Bill is one of in-mense importance, and will have to be studied by every mine owner in the Kingdom.
BREAKFAST.—EPPS'S COCOA.—GRATEFUL AND COMFORT- ING.—" By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws w hich govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a carwful application of the fine properties of well-selected cocoa, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills."—-CinY Se,ricc Gazette. Made siiuply with boiling Water or Milk. Each packet is labelled— "JAMES EPPS & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London". Also, makers of Epps's Milky Cocoa (Cocoa and Condensed Milk). 4937 MRS WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP FOR CHILDREN should always be used when Children are cutting teeth it relieves the little sufferers at once, it produces natural quiet sleep by relieving the child from pain, and tbe little cherub awakes "as bright as a button." It is perfectly harmless, and very pleasant to taste. It soothes the child, it softeiib the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best known remedy for dysentery and diarrhoea, whether ariding from teething or other causes. Mrs Winslow's Soothing Syrup is sold by thousands of Medicine dealers in all parts of the world at Is lid per bottle, and Millions of Mothers can testify to its virtue.— Manufactory, 493 Oxford Street, London. 4SM1 NEW METAL POCKET VESTA BUX WITH PATENT SPRING COTER.—Bryant and May have recently intro duced a very useful little Packet V«sta Box with a most ingenious and simple spring cover it is a Lovelty in everv way, and will soon come into very general use—being of metal instead of card, and retailed, filled with vestas, at one penn Any Tobacconist, Grocer, Chemist, 01 Chandler will supply it. 4818 THOBE LADIES who have not yet used the GLF.NFIELL STARCH, are respectfully solicited to give it a trial, and care fully follow out the directions printed on every packagt, and if this is done, they will say, like the Queen's Laun dress, that it is the finest Starch they ever used. Whet you ask for Glenlield Starch, see that you ¡;ct it, as inferu kinds are often substituted for t.hf sake of i vtn profits. BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES, for the cure of Coughs, Colds, Hoarseness, Bronchitis, Asthma, Catarrh, or any irritation er soreness of the throat, are now imported and sold ia this country at Is 1.1(1 per box, put up in the form of a lozenge." It is the most convenient, pleasant.-safe and sure remedy for clearing and strengtheniug the voice iu the world. The Rev. Henry Ward Beechcr says I have often recommended them to friends who wen- public speakers, and in many cases they have proved extremely serviceable." The genuine have the words '"Brown's Bronchial Troches on the Government Stamp around each box. Sold by all medicine vendors,-London Depot 4!>:j Oxford Street. 4831 "THE LION, THE NET, AND THE MOUSE."—TO prevent Pirates, and unprincipled Traders from deceiving the public, the proprietor of POWELL S BALSAM OF ANISEED has been compelled to adopt the above Trade Mark (Lion, Net, and Mouse), and this deeign will in future continue to appear upon the wrapper of each genuine bottle, and any one imi- tating it will render thclllselves liable to fine or imprison- ment. The following letter will bear testimony to the wonderful "curative properties of this old Cough Medicine. Her Majesty's Gun Boat, Netley,' Wick, North-East Coast of Scotland, 7th September, 1SG8.—Dear Sir,—Having had a most distressing and Severe Cough, which caused ine many sleepless nights and restless days, I was recommended fey His Lordship the Earl of Caithness, to try your mosi invaluable Balsam of Aniseed, and I can assure you with the first dose I found immediate relief, even without having to suspend my various duties and the first small bottle com- pletely cured me, therefore I have the greatest confidante in I fully recommending it to-the million. Most respectfully yours, W. Linzell, H.M.G.B. 'NetIey.To Mr Powell." Prepared and sold by Thomas Powell, Ifi, Blackfriars lload, London and sold by Chemists and Medicine Vemlor. tbrought the World. In bottles only, at Is. lAd. aud lis 8 1. each. Ask fur" POWELL' BALSAM OF ANISEED." [4)3:i FLORILINK !—For the TEETH and BREATH.—A few drop" of the Fragrant Floritine on a wet tooth brush produces a delightful foam, which cleanses the Teeth from all impu- rities, strengthens and hardens the gums, prevents t,;riar. arrests the progress of decay. It gives to the Teeth a peculiar and beautiful whiteness, and imparts a delightful fragrance to the breath. It removes all unpleasant odour arising from decayed teeth, a disordered stomach, or tobacco smoke. The Frayrant FlorUine is purely vegetable, and eqnally adapted to old and young. It is the greatest Toilet discovery of the age. Sold at 2s Gd by all ChcmiHts and Perfumers. Prepared only by H. C. GALLIP, 4'Jo Oxford Street, London. The word Flúriline" is a "Trade Mark." 4831 VALUABLE DISCOVERT FOR THE HAIR !!—A very nicely perfumed hair dressing called" The Mexican Hair Renewer," now being sold by most Chemists and Per- fumers at 3s 6d per bottle, is fast superseding all Hair Restorers "-for it will positively restore in every case Grin gr White hair to its original colour, by a few applications, without dyeing it, or leaving the disagreeable smell of most Restorers." It makes the hair charmingly beauti- ful, as well as promoting the growth on bald spots, where ths hair glands are not deoayed. Certificate from Dr Yers- mann on every bottle, with full particulars. At for "THE MEXICAN HAIR RENFV\ER," prepared by H, C. GALLUP, 493 Oxford Street, London. 4831
MR. ADAMS' RETURN TO AMERICA. The JS'cxv Yotk IL-r-ild of the 14th says :—'i'he rcrnrn of Mr. Charles Francis Adams to this country is partly owing 1.1 the fact that he has personal matters requiring his at- t ntion. He is editing his father's dir.rv. and will give most of his time whi1c in the United States to reading t;1e proof sheets (If tl1Ís woi k. The significance of his Visit is not of such great moment, as f-ir as our relations with Great Britain are concerned, as wss a1- first believed, but Lis retunl was made possible 1.y the work which yet remains to be done before we cm bring our" case" properly before the tribunaL The volume containing v.liat is generally called the Ameiicr.n case was the only )wwt of the documents presented by the T nited States which was translated into French: and as the subject will have to be closely examined by the arbitrators, and none of them except the American and English members of the tribunal can speak our language, the whole case must be translated and printed in French before it can be fully examined and understood. Count Sclopia reads English imperfectly, list cannot speak it. while neither Baron Itahuba nor M. Stacmfli can either speak or read the language. In view of this, the meeting of the tribunal in April will be formal in order to comply with the terms of the treaty, and the real work will be deferred till June. ■
DEATH OF AN AMERICAN BISHOP. The death of the græti CathoKc Prelate of America has caused general regret, and interesting accounts of the service to his memory are given in the papers. The Xen- York Tribune, in reference to the subject says :— The funeral of Archbishop Spalding in Baltimore, was one of the most impressive ecclestical spectacles ever seen in this country. Not only in lafeterial accessories, but in its moral surroundings, the ceremony VI 00 worthy of a Prince of the Church. Thirten Bishops, representing sees ranging from Boston to Savannah, came to do honour to the dead prelate. A great number of priests and students and holy men accompanied the funeral cortege with more marks of sorrow than are usual on these occa- sions of official mourning. The souls oj the immense audience, already touched and saddened by their Joss. were still further melted and subdued by the thrilling tones of elaborate music. The Right Re., Archbishop M'Closky of New York preached the funeral ser- mon tram the text, "I will very gladly Sf-3TJ.,l and be spent for yon." The burden of the Archbishop's dis- course was the 'T the executive ability, the official capacity ot Zsd late chief priest of Baltimore. But the tears and the sohe of the bystanders, the silent- sorrow of the masses who filled the streets, was the best eulogy on the Christian virtuefi of Archbishop Spalding. The Honourable poverty in which he lived and died was the best proof of the self-denying energy with which he devot-ed everything beyond a bare subsistence to the sacred cause of thóse poorer than himself. The Church, with its traditional knowledge of character, recognised this trait of the departed, and has carved it on the tablet which marks his last repose: Maxima piddle ef doctrina vecnon pauper- fate Archirpiscopalem Cathedral exorvavit.' The piety and learning would not have availed for the saintship if they had not been reinforced by poverty." —!
AN AMERICAN VIEW OF LORD MAYO. The assassination of Lord Mayo has excited great in- terest and regret in America. The }sew York papers are generally disposed to regard it as ominous towards the future of English rule. The Xac York Times takes a high view of his character. It sa.ys A great outcry was raised at Lonl Mayo's appointment. It was made on the eve of Mr. Disraeli's Cabinct going out of office and so strong was the feeling on the subject that it was widely asserted that the new Govern- ment weald adopt the almost unprecedented course of cancelling the act of the retiring Minister, The principal objections urged were that Lord Mayo knew nothing of India, and was not a man of adequate ability for so important a position. The sequel shewed that Mr. Disraeli's sagacity had not ber n at fault, the truth being that Lord luayo was, intellectually, a singularly un-lrish Irishman. He wits a bad speaker, and the outside public, judging by what they heard fall from him. assumed that he was an incompetent man. His astute chief knew better. To a very distinguished officer who some time after arrived from India, Disra'.li's first question wat, How is Mayo getting on ?" The officer, a plain speaker, of opposite politics, replied. Admirably." *• I expected it." said the author of Lothair. When the outcry arose about his appointment, he came to me and begged to replace it in my hands. I refused to take it, satisfied that my choice would reflect credit on both of us. I chose him because I had long observed him to hs an admirable judge of character, and it seemed to me that this was the man required for India. You don't need eloquence, but judgment. If a Viceroy knows whom to send to Scinde. and whom to place in the Punjaub—who will do, and who won't—he has the most needful knowledge for governing that great country." Lord Mayo much more than justified the selection. He proved himself, albeit n ronservative. a man of expanded views, deeply anxious to fulfil his duty. His industrv was only equalled by his caution. It was that of a Scotch- man rather than of an Englishman. At the Council Board a member would say, I have looked through these papers. your Excellency; there seems nothing of moment in them.' Lord Mayo would take them in hand, glance carefully through the intricate details, and himself discover some point which had es- caped the notice of other acute observers. Although a very poor man, for his position. he fulfilled representative functions—so important in his office, affect- ing as they do the Oriental mind—with a lavish splendour long unknown in Calcutta, and never surpassed there, find it may be doubted whether, beyond saving the small revenue derived from his Irish property, he had as yet been able to put aside anything for his family. He was a man of grand physique, a mighty hunter, capable of extraordi- nary endurance, and combining in a most rem:1.rkable manner physical with mental vigour. His terrible death is a savere loss to the British Empire."
INDIAN INTELLIGENCE. The Indian papers of the 5th of February contain the following news :— On the arrival of tbe King of Siam at the Camp of Delhi, the Maharaja of Scindia left abruptly, because, it is said, attentions were paid the King which were not paid to him, However, it is likely that the news of a CU11- spiracy in his territory was the real reason for his sudden departure of Scindia. When he reached Gwalior, his capi- tal, he at once took repressive steps, and banished many of the conspirators. The chief item of news from the Looshai Expedition are that Mary AVinchester, the girl who was abducted bv the Looshais when they made their raid into British territory, has been delivered up to General Browrdow. The wound of General Bourchier is progressing favourably. There have been no further disturbances in the Punjab. It is reported that Mr. Cownn, the Deputy Commissioner of Loodiana, who was present when 49 of the insurgents were blown from the guns. has been suspended. It is stated by a Calcutta contemporary that the Khan of Khelat is to be helped with money to enable him to crush the rebellion in his State, but that no armed inter- vention is to take place. The Ameer of Cabool has made an application for mone- tary assistance to enable him to surmount the financial difficulties he has been placed in by the rebellion of Yacoob Khan and the severe drought in Cabool. At the close of the Camp of Exercise there was a grand field day under Lord Napier. The troops marched magni- ficently past the King of Siam. Games followed the regular field duty. An impression is current.at Delhi that next year's Camp of Exercise will be held in the neighbourhood of Xeemuch. at which portions of the armies of all three presidencies will assist. The King of Siam arrived at Agra on Tuesday, and his Royal Highness is expected to arrive in Bombay on the Pth, The famous and long-pending Baroda iewel case lias been settled in the High Court by arbitration. Three defendants, who have been in gaol for some months, have. among other things, agreed to pay the plaintiff Rs. 3,24,500 ( £ -52.450.) More outrages by natives upon the British soldiery at Bangalore are reported, and it is feared that the comrades of the injured men will take tbe law into their own hands, With the sanction of the Government, the Commander- in-Chief has been pleased to grant furlough to the whole of the Bengal native army, to the extent, where practi- cable, of 10 per cent, of the effective strength of corps, Furloughs will commence on the 1st April next. or as soon after tbe annual inspection as practicable, and terminate, except in exceptional cases, on the 31st October, 1872. j It is stated that an outbreak occulTerl in the Alipore Gaol on the 14th ultimo, and that Dr. Lynch was cruelly handled by two prisoners, The Assistant Superintendent of Police at Gowbatty was we read, attacked and very cruelly assaulted by some sepoys of the 43rd Regiment of Assam Native Infantry. Three of the assailants have been sentenced to two yeai-s' imprisonment. Abundant and seasonable rain has fallen in Busliire and the surrounding districts, and anxiety in regard to the next year's produce is less. Much cultivation is not ex- pected, but the prospects of harvest are good. The poor still require to be supported, and the distribution of char- ity from the Ilesidency continues as heretofore. The Government of India has again urged upon the Secretary of State the necessity of sanctioning some retire- ment scheme sufficiently liberal to draw on the great sur- plus of field officers in the Indian Army.
The Austrain Sclaves have formed the project of holding a congress, in which all the Sclave tribes of the Empire will be represented. What adds to the importance of such a meeting- will be its assemblage in the Servian territory at Belgrade. The Servian Government is favour- ably disposed towards this scheme, whose success depends on the result of the negotiations between the Austrian Minister-and the Poles. The Servian Congress will form a meeting-point for Czechs, Poles, Croations, and many other races. BISMARCK AND THE POLES. —It is believed the plot against the life of Prince Bismarck has ramifications all through Prussia and Poland. The individual who was arrested at Berlin was a chemist at Posen and was con- nected with an ex-canon named Kozminn who was removed from his office by Archbishop Ledocholwsky. The strong Ultramontare feeling of tho Poles is well known and a kind of holy war is being preached in their chapels. Great numbers of petitions are being signed throughout the country for the restoration of the Temporal Power, and against any measures affecting the interests of the Catholic Church. Great destruction of property has taken place in the neighbourhood of Perth and Dundee, owing to floods caused by the heavy rains. The warehouses in Dundeo have suffered great damage, MR. DISRAELI'S VISIT TO LANCASHIRE.—On Saturday a meeting of the representatives of ninety Con- servative Associations in Lancashire was held in Man- Chester, under the presidency of Mr. Romaine Callcndt-r, jun. A demonstration committee, composed of represen- tatives from each parliamentary borough in the country, was appointed. On the afternoon of Easter Tuesday a procession of the associations will proceed to Poxiona- j garcleni<, where .Mr. Disraeli will receive and reply to addresses. On the following evening he will deliver what the Chairman of Saturday's meeting designated a mani- festo address in the Free Trade Hall.