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-11 [MISCELLANEOUS. The Archbishop of Cologne has made known In Ma diocese that all Catholics who take part in a service which is conducted by an anti-Iafallibilist priest will be excluded from the Roman Church. In the matter of the Credit Foncier and Mobi- Company, an application has been made in mbers by the liquicfators for leave to pay off the Crtgajje on the Belgian lands in Brussels. The necessary r« waa granted. Following tho precedent of last year in the conso- lidation of the sanitary departments with that for the administration of the poor in England, it is the intention 40f the Government to create this year in Ireland also a Board of Local Government which will unite the two functions. —British. Medical Journal. We regret to hear of a painful scandal in the Records Office. Some of the documents have been muti- lated yet the offence has been hitherto allowed to pass unpunished. Lord Romilly may have been influenced by feasone of which we know nothing but some explanation Is desirable, as the destruction of public documents is a matter that concerns the nation.—Athenanm. The Law Times is informed that the petitions to Parliament which are in course of signature by solicitors tefcctising in London and in the provinces, in favour of fit* establishment of a School of Law, are being very in- taenttttlly signed, upwards of 2,000 signatures having already been obtained. The last of the real brigands have disappeared from the Neighbourhood of Rome. During the last few weeks the fkmous brigand leader, De Rosa, was killed in a struggle with a carabineer, and his solitary follower made prisoner. De Rosa's band consisted of sixteen men, but they have gradually disappeared from the country, and now the whole tribe has been exterminated. Mr. Isaac Holden writes to the Leeds Mercury to contradict the report that he had subscribed 1,000,000 francs ( £ 40,000) towards paying off the French war in- demnity. He says :—" The rumour may have originated In the fact that I felt it my duty to subscribe largely to- wards the relief of the suffering poor during the war there and at Roubaix." Some well-known Scotch gentlemen have just formed a company, with the view of establishing, in Lon- don, a high class weekly journal, to be devoted to Scottish interests. The new venture will bear the name of The ThittU, and will be under the able management of Mr. Archibald Forbes, the war correspondent of the Daily New*, who is not however to sever his connection with the latter journal. Civilia)i. Mr. Salt's bill to provide for facilities for the parfornnmce of Divine worship according to the rites and a of the Church of England, has been issued. XU chief clauses would enact that a bishop may license, to any parish or district which contains more than 2,000 bhaokants, a clergyman of the Church of England, who tatty perform the offices of the Church in any school- toom or other suitable building or chapel, whether conse- entedor unconsecrated. Similar power is given with respect to outlying hamlets containing more than 20 inhabitants. INDIAN IMMIGRANTS IN MAURITIUS.—The Com- mission to be appointed to inquire into and report on the African immigrants in Mauritius, will consist of Mr. W. E. Frere, who has recently presided over a similar inquiry in the colony of British Guinea and Mr. Victor Wil- liamson, of the Northern Circuit. Mr. R. Darnell Davis, who attends as secretary to the British Guinea Commis- noners. will act in the same capacity to the Mauritius ComniMiunero. Htttr FAILURE. — At the Bankruptcy Court, feefovt. Mr. Registrar Pepy, sitting as Chief Judg% an application was made in the case of Mr. Thowrta Trankish, a hop and seed merchant of the Borough, and who also carries on an extensive business at Kings- ton-ttpon Hull. who has announced his failure, estimating tail liabilities at the large sum of £45,000. Against this amouilf the assets are put down at £ G,620, consisting of ■tock-fc-trade to the value of £ 3,000 book debts, £ 2,000; ▼alue ftf furniture, £ 400; and £ 020 cash at bankers. Mr. If vinenow applied to the Court to restrain proceedings which had Men brought by several creditors against the debtor, including the firms of Steinberg, who were Riling for E333, LawsOns^ of the Borough, for £ 295, and T'hlnian, for £ 143, besides several other creditors. The Court appointed Mr. W. P. Burkinshaw, public accountant, receiver to the estate, and granted the injunction applied for against the creditors. THE SHAKERS" IN LONDON*.—A young man has been summoned at Lambeth Police-court for having dis- turbed a congregation of "Shakers," a sect which con ducts ita religious service in a railway arch in Sutherland- street, Walworth-road. The evidence was, however, contradictory, and the defendant was merely ordered to eotef fato his own recognisances to be of good behaviour Ibf ux months. The defendant was charged with entering the Shakers' chapel with his hat on, and subsequently dnumhing upon that article of dress, to the great annoy- aaoe of the faithful. Two other men, not summoned, were odd to have assisted him in his profane conduct, which ^afterwards became still more objectionable, culmi- natinffin such expussions as "After you with the book, and Houae-bill, a penny." Some very singular evidence waegitwnbyaman "Shaker" and two women "Shakers''in imppm* of the charge. The man, Henry Osborne, said he traveled with the female speaker for the purpose of read- ing the Word of God. The "manifestations" which oc- curred during the service were not dancing" but the waking of the Spirit of God. Emma Weaver gave corro- borative evidence and Mary Ann Gurling, the female flpeako1 in question, said she was the wife of an agricul- tural tiller at Ipswich, and her busband knew of her occu- pation and whereabouts. HonSB RACING AXD BANKRUPTCY.—At the Bank- ruptcy Court, Lincoln's-inn-Fields, the case of Mr. Julius Charles Frederick Angerstein, came again before Mr. Registrar Pepys, in reference to the settle- ment ')f a claim with respect to the two racehorses Salopian and Osprey. It will be remembered that Mr. Angerstein bought these horses of a trainer named Stevedt, and paid for them by a Bill of Exchange WhjcS was dishonoured on arriving at maturity, on which the tftsfner claimed a lien upon them, and refused to give them iip to the trustee. Mr. Brough, who appeared for the tMBtee,. now stated that an arrangement had been Come tb: between the parties, by which the dispute was brought to an end. It was to the effect that Mr. Stevens JbouIiI he declared entitled to retain the horse Salopian, and the trustee was to take possession of and sell the Qaptwy, aubject to Mr. Stevens's lien for the training expeMet, the account to be settled in chambers, and the Ouprey to be sokl at Tattersall's, and in the event of any deficiency in the settlement of Mr. Stevens's claim, he is to be allowed to prove against the estate. Mr. Bagley, who appeared on the part of Mr. Stevens, having stated his concurrence in these terms, the interim injunction which had been obtained was, by consent of all parties, dissolved. EXTENSIVE PREPARATIONS AT WOOLWICH.— —A correspondent writes :-The Hoyal Arsenal at Wool- wich ia full of activity in every department, which is the more remarkable because at this period of the financial ▼ear, when the army estimates are about to be.issued, there are usually reductions more or less extensive. Seeing that large numbers of extra hands were taken on at the outbreak of the late war, and that most of the eiders then given have been fulfilled, reduc- time on a very extensive scale were anticipated this yearj but comparatively few men have been discharged, and It is now expected that in view of possible contin- (endca the establishment will be kept up to its full Strength lor some time longer. Heavy guns for naval ferric* and coast defences are being produced with un- Hrecedantcd rapidity at the Royal gun factories. In the Royal carriage department the manufacture of iron car- riage*'lor the guns is proceeding with corresponding •peecL The men of the shell foundry are working over- time to execute new and extensive orders for Palliser and other »beQs of modern kinds; and in the Royal Labora- tory, though the cartridge-makers have accumulated such a stock of ammunition that there is little left to do, the department is very busy in the preparation of torpedoes, fusees, and the other materiel of war. In reference to torped oes, it is scarcely a secret now that a party of ■killed workmen have been for some time engaged dtuina the flight time only, trying, perfecting, and manufacturing several new descriptions of these sub- marine guns, both aggressive and defensive and that in this reepect, as in some others, the country is better pro- tected from invasion than it has been at any previous period. "The colonies and out-stations will be supplied with the newest designs of guns and other munitions of WAFT WILLS AND BEQUESTS. — The will of the Right Honourable George Arthur Philip, Earl of Chesterfield, who died December 1, 1S71, aged 40, was proved in the Court of Probate, on the 20th ult., under 480,000 personalty. To each of the executors, four in nnxnber, his lordship leaves a legacy of ±.'500, and further legacies to two of them—his uncles Henry and Orlando— of 810,000 and JE5,000 respectively. To his mother he leaves his jewellery, &c., and a life interest in the rents and profits of his estates, falling at her death to his sister, for whose benefit olso sit his real and the remainder of his personal estate »r& left in trust. At the death of his sister these fall to her Son, Lord Porchester. He bequeaths to his cousin Isabella the interest of JE10,000 for life, with power to dispose of the principal at her death. After sundry other legacies, he bequeaths to the Derbyshire and Nottingham Infirmaries, £ 1,000 each.-The will of the Right Hon. Maria Auguste, Dowager Countess of Listoweif relict of the second Earl of Listowel, was proved in London on the 25th ult. under £ 30,000 per- sonalty. To each of her two executors she leaves a legacy of £500; to her daughter, Lady Alfred Paget, her furniture and plate. She bequeaths £ 4,000 to a lady lon^ resident in her family, and £ 1,^00 to her lady's maid. the Societies fer Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts.— The will of Thomas George Gardiner, formerly ia £ ^9 Hon. East India Company's Service, Bombay, was inc^d in London, lliider £ 12,000 that of Charles Henry Smith, of Bury St. Edmunds, under £ 8,000 personalty in Eng- land; that of Henry Robert Linnell Cood, merchant, of Clifton, under £ 1,500 personalty in England; and that of Edward Burstall, formerly of Quebec, Canada, under £ 23,000 personalty in England. In reference to the departure from England to- day of. Mr Adams, the United States representative in the Tribunal of Arbitration under the Treaty of Washing- ton, we are authorized to say that Mr. Adams's return to America is occasioned solely by private affairs. The transfer of- the Dutch colony on the Gold Coast to English role, although greatly lamented by the people, is expected to be very beneficial to the settlement in all respects. It is not so much an addition to English power as a consolidation of it. Hitherto, owing to the Gold Coast being broken np into a series of alternate English and Dutch towns and settlements, great difficulties existed in the suppression of many native evils, and it was im- possible to enforce the duty on spirits, tobacco, guns, &c. If England abandoned the Gold coast, there would speedily be a revival of pagan rites and human sacrifices, while legitimate trade would be extinguished. The consolidation pf Lpffligh poyg W41 opeatlieway to a better state of things, In the places of worship in Sheffield on Sunday prayers were offered, both monring and evening, that what appears to be considered a threatened war with America might be averted, and a peaceful settlement of the diffi- culty be secured. A marriage is arranged to take place between Mr. George Stanley Orred, of the Royal Fusiliers, second son of the late Mr. George Orred, of Tinninere, and Miss Edith Grace Portman, second daughter of Mr. H. W. Berkeley Portman, of Langton Lodge, Dorset, and niece of Lord Portman. Among the contemplated changes which are attributed to Mr. Lowe is the revival of last year's scheme for levying the income tax by a percentage instead of by so many pence in the pound. It is also reported as not improbable that the amount of income tax will be reduced upon all incomes of less than £ 300 a-year. The Bolton Chronicle says-" A material altera- tion has, we understand, been made in the arrangements as to Mr. Disraeli's visit to Lancashire in the ensuing Easter week. It is said that the right hon. gentleman will now visit Manchester only, thus abandoning the proposed visits to Liverpool and Preston, as representing the other electoral centres of the county." The following bills have been issued :—The Public Prosecutors Bill, bearing on its back the names of Mr. Spencer AVill)ole, Mr. Russell Gurney, Mr. Eykyn, Mr. Vernon Harcourt. and Mr. Rathbone the Registration of Borough Voters Bill, backed by Mr. Vernon Harcourt, Mr. Whitbread, Sir Charles Dilke, Mr. Collins, Mr. H. R. Brand, and Mr. Rathbone the Deans and Canons Resig- nation Bill, endorsed by Mr. Gladstone iiiid Mr. Bruce. The authorities of the University of Edinburgh have just concluded an inquiry into the disturbance which o -curved in the Music-hall during the recent installation of Sir William Stirling Maxwell as Rector. The result of the inquiry has been that one student has been rustica- ted," and several others have been finerl and put on proba- tion during the remainder of their college career. It has been ascertained that some of the ringleaders in the dis- turbance were not students at all. PRIVATE BILL LEGISLATION-.—On Tuesday the Parliamentary examiners reached the end of the list of private bills, and of the 304 which were originally lodged the promoters of no less than 30 have failed to put in an appearance, and their schemes have thus fallen through, at any rate for this session. This is an unusually large number, the total last year being only 18. LETTER FROM GARIBALDI.—Mazzini, having challenged Garibaldi to give his adhesion to a Republic in Italy, the latter has replied by the following note:— Caprera, January rS.—To my friends and brothers in arms of the Romagna.—The question between Mazzini and my- self belongs to history. On the day when that camel— which is called the people—shall be weary of its burden and cudgellings, ho, I, and our friends will be all at our posts —GARIBALDI." THE ORDER OF ST. MICHAEL AND ST. GEORGE. -The Queen has been pleased to confer the honour of Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George on Ali. Charles Cowper, C.M.S., who has several times been First Minister of New South Wales, and is now Agent-General in England for that colony; and on Mr. George F. Verdon, C.H., who for some years has been Agent-General for the colony of Victoria, and is now about to relinquish that office. Her Majesty has been further pleased to confer the honour of Companion of the same Order on Mr. William Fitzherbert, who has been a leading member of several administrations in New Zealand on Mr. Julius Vogel, now Colonial Treasurer and Postmaster- General of New Zealand and on Mr. Stephen Walcott, who for many years has served as Secretary and Commis- sioner in the Colonial Land and Emigration Department. THE GREAT WESTERN COMPANY AND THE XAKROWGVAGE.—In connection with the alteration of the Great Western system from the broad to the narrow guage an important bill is now pending in Parliament, promoted by the directors of that company, It seems that a large number of colliery owners, mill owners, and others, have from time to time laid down sidings to connect their works with the Great Western line, and have also provided themselves with roll- ing stock on the broad guago principle. All these sidings will, when the company have carried out their intentions, have to be altered, and the rolling stock will be useless, and it is to provide compensation to those so interested that the bill is promoted. The preliminary stage in Par- liament was passed on Tuesday. THE PRESENT VALl-E OF SHIPS.—IMPORTANT SALK-The recent biddings for ships at Lloyds have been very spirited, and there would appear to be, from the prices realised, no fear of any depreciation in this class of property, either in view of probable war or other influ- ences. Messrs. C. W. Kellock and Co., of Liverpool and London, have just sold three ships at Lloyd's, and the prices realised will give a very fair indication of the state of matters in the shipping world. The ship Geologist, built by Messrs. Challoner, Hart, and Sinnott, in 1S59, 854 tons register, fetched £ 5,700; the Cassandra, 711 tons register, and built in Sunderland in IS0S, went for £;300; and the ship Racehorse, built in Tei-sey in 1853 (which could not be said to be a first-class vessel), was purchased for £ 2,200. The Cassandra was bought as she is now lying at Portsmouth dock. It may be remembered that this vessel was recently stranded in Compton Bay, Isle of Wight. THE TRANSLATION OF SIR ROBERT COLLIER.— E, Iiiity," writing to the Time.* on the translation of Sir R. Collier, think-s the wonderful letter" of Mr. Justice Willes, in which he says" evasion of the law by appointing a fit man, according to the law, is a sensational expression," must be due to the confusion produced in the mind by a long study of Law, as separated from Equity. How would Equity, he asks, deal with an analogous appointment, and he thereupon supposes a case. xYn Act of Parliament has provided that the trustees of some great institution shall appoint an auditor with a high salary, and shall select a man qualified for the office by having been managing clerk of a bank. The trustees are themselves bankers, and have a nephew who is a wine merchant. Wishing to provide for him, they make him managing- clerk of their bank for one week, and then appoint him auditor of the estates. Any such appointment would be set aside by the Court of Chancery, even after the lapse of years, and the trustees would be ordered to refund every farthing paid to their nephew. No such plea as the man's fitness for the post would be accepted, and the circum- stance of the trustees having alfected to qualify him by a week's appointment would entail against the defendants 3. decree with costs. SHIPPING CASE.—LA ROE SALVAGE AWARDKO.—Judg- ment was on Tuesday delivered by Sir R. J. Phillimorc, at the High Court of Admiralty, in an important cause. The owners, masters, and crews of the steamships Tanfield and Lord Alfred Paget claimed salvage against the steamship Emily, her cargo, and freight, and against William France, James T. Simpson, Samuel Pearson Ashworth, John Rayner, and John Wood, all of Leeds Thomas Partines Silva. of Tooley-street, London Edward Atkinson Greenwood, of Colne, Lancashire; Alfred Small, of Laxton, Yorkshire; Robert B. Burnley and George Duckies, of Goole, and other owners. The Emily was abandoned by her master and her crew in the Shipway, a little to the northward of the South-ship Head, and the. salvors fell in with her when she was derelict. The wind was blowing a hard gale from the southward and westward, and a heavy sea was running. She had seven feet of water in her, and was lurching deeply in the sea, which was breaking over her. The water had extinguished her fires, and the water in the hold was rising rapidly. The Tanfield and the Lord Alfred Paget, after considerable difficulty and hazard had been encountered, managed to take the ship in safety into Gravesend. The values were as follow:— The Emily £ :2,40O, her cargo £ 210, and freight £ 47 0s.; the Tanfield £u.n(),), her cargo £>159, and freight £ 224; and the Lord Alfred Paget, a steamer of 132 tons, of pro- portionately large value. The meritorious nature of the services, and the facts, were admitted, and a tender of £tk<; was made, but was refused by the plaintiffs as being insufficient. His lordship, after hearing counsel, awarded £ 820, and, on being requested to apportion the amount, gave two-thirds to the steamer Tanfield. THIRD CLASS PASSENGER TRAFFIC.—When Mr. Gladstone opened the new Mansion House station of the Metropolitan District Railway, lie, with that profound knowledge of political economy which distinguishes him as a statesman, advised the directors to rely mainly upon the masses for support. The unprecedented success of movements which could not live without the support of very large numbers of persons sufficiently establishes the wisdom of this advice. The penny newspaper Press may be instanced as a notable example of what jve here refer to. How would it be possible to collect, print on paper, and sell all the news that is contained in a daily journal for the insignificant sum of one penny, if the number sold was not very great? This law is of universal application, and in the case to which we wish, on this occasion, to apply it, there are abundance of statistics to support our argument. "We make bold to affirm that the secret of success in rail- way management—the secret of developing the resources of a railway to their very utmost extent—is the cultiva- tion of third-class passenger traffic. Catering, so to speak, for the million. The companies seem totally unconscious of what a mine of wealth there is here. At present, third class passenger traffic is not only sadly neglected, but restrictions are actually placed upon it, and some com- panies plainly endeavour, by churlishly denying to third- class passengers any comforts or conveniences, to force them into the higher priced compartments. Now this system is directly opposed to the true principles of political economy, and the railway companies, in persisting in such a course, shew a lamentable want of that sagacity and foresight with which less gigantic undertakings are con- ducted. Although, as we have previously shewn, the revenues of our railways increased, during the passed year, in a startling manner, there can be little doubt that the advance would have been even greater had a more en- lightened policy been pursued with regard to third-class traffic which may be termed the true basis of their pros- perity. An Act of Parliament provides that two third class trains—one each way—shall be run daily on every line, but the companies so manage their busiuess as to cause great delay and obstruction to poor travellers who are unable to avail themselves of any more expensive means of transit. Such persons are generally compelled to travel at some most unearthly hour of the night, be- cause the "Government train" is booked at that time. Recent experience has, one would think, demonstrated to the railway companies themselves that it would be con- siderably to their benefit to give greater facilities to third class traffic yet, notwithstanding this seemingly self-evi- dent fact, the facilities are, if anything, decreased, and railway official ingenuity is exerted to make first and second class travelling as comfortable as possible instead. When these various points are fully taken into consider- ation, it can scarcely fail to be a matter of supprise that the receipts are as great as they are. But the fact is, the third class traffic is so reliable, and at the same time so imperative, that it is superior to all the obstacles that are placed in its way.—Railway Service Gazette. A football match took place in the Parks, at Oxford, on Saturday, between the representatives of Oxford and Cambridge, which resulted in favour of the "Dark Blue" champions. Intelligence has reached Oxford of the deaths of Mr. J. L. H. Kettle, B.C.L., M.A., and barrister-at-law, the Senior Fellow of Lincoln College, who graduated forty years ago, and Mr. Walter Braithwaite, B.A., of Wadham College, who took his degree in 1869. Mr. Braithwaite was a gentlffman of considerable ability (2nd class in Law's Modern Histoiy), and was well known and highly respected in undergraduate circles at Oxford. Mr. Braithwaite married a short time since, and was studying for the liar in London, where he was attacked by that treacherous malady rheumatic fever, to which he succumbed at the early ago Qf 23,


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