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LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. HER MAJESTY'S LEVEE.—Among the gentlemen pre- sented at the levee held on Wednesday, at St. James's Palace, by the Prince of Wales, on behalf of her Majesty, was Mr Richard Fothergill, M.P. The presentation was made by Mr C. R. M. Talbot, M.P., the lord-lieutenant of the county. WOTHERSPOON v. CUKRIK.—When a man has discovered a useful article and spent half a lifetime, a and great deal of money in putting it before the public, some adventurer is sure to deprive him of the reward of his exertions. Mr. Wothcrspoon, of Paisley, has in this way been compelled to apply for an injunction to restrain John Currie for using the word Glenfield" in connection with starch manufactured by him, the name of Glenfield Starch" having been used by Mr. Wotherspoon for many years. The Yice-Chancellor (Malins) said he had never seen a case in which the defendant had been guilty of more repre- hensible conduct as a tradesman, and at once granted the injunction in the terms asked for. -Wisbech Advertiser, March 10th, 1870. WHAT IS A "PHANTOM DELUSION?"—Most newspaper readers will doubtlessly find themselves in a quandary in endeavouring to understand what a "phantom delusion" may mean. The explanation was by our townsman, Mr Goodwin, at a meeting of schoolmasters held in Swansea last week. "There was no religious difficulty," said the worthy schoolmaster [at his school], it was a mere phantom delusion, got up by political agitators for party purposes." A METAPHYSICAL DISTINCTION. Mr David Richards, of the Penydarrun National School, favoured the audience at the same meeting with the fol- lowing fine distinction between a lie and a fib.— "A lie," said this teacher of the Church Catechism, and of Christian morality, "is an attempt to deceive; but if any cue said that he received his name from his godfathers and godmothers, when it was well known that he had not got anv godfathers or godmothers, it was a fib to say that was a li 1 THE PROPOSED PUBLIC MONUMENT TO A WELSH BARD. —Those "f our readers who subscribed towards the fund raised for erecting a. monument over the remains of the Rev. J. Williams (Caledfryn), in consideration of the ser- vice done by him to Welsh literature, of the valued aid rendered to Welsh Bards and iterary men, by his unbiassed and enlightened adjudications. as well as unremitting exer- tions to elevate the style, and refine the taste of the Welsh press and pulpit, will be glad to hear that the committee, out of twenty-eight designs sent in by Welsh, English, and Scotch sculptors, have selected one sent in by Mr A, H. James, of the Marble Works, Newport, Monmouthshire. The monument wiil he erected at Groeswen, near Caer- philly, and will be composed entirely of massive blocks of Aberdeen red granite, standing upwards of nine feet high, the shaft; being panelled to receive a bronze medallion lil \eness of the deceased, surrounded with a wreath of laurel and bay leaves, with the inscription intertwined Caledfryn, ganwyd ChwefrorG, 1801; bu farw Mawrth 23. 1869." MARKET SQUARE UHTTRCH.—The Sunday bchool m con- nection with the above Church held its anniversary services on Sunday last. In the morning ihe Rev. F. S. Johnstone preached a sermon specially adapted to children and young people, who we were glad to notice were in attendance in large numbers. In the afternoon Mr W. L. Daniel ex- amined the schonlupon The birth and childhood of Jesus Christ." The examination was thoroughly testing in its character, and the questions were all very fairly answered. Masters John Davies and Thomas Morgan recited very cleverly pieces appropriate for the occasion. An interest- ing incident occurred during the afternoon, being the pre- sentation to a young man named William Powis, of a very handsome volume, as a testimony of the good-will of his fellow-teachers towards him, and of their kind wishes for his prosperity in Australia, for which colony he intended starting on the following day. The Hcv. T. Williams, B.A., High-street, preached in the evening an excellent sermon, and which was listened to most attentively throughout. Unlike meetings of this kind held in most places of worship, there were no collections at any of the services, the Market Square Church having, we under- stand, given up the practice of making collections, and also done away with seat rents, their place of worship being to its attendants thus not only free in theory but in practice. THE NONCONFORMIST CENTRAL COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION. —A meeting of the Central Committee of Nonconformists was held in Birmingham, on Monday afternoon, to consider the concessions of Mr Forster. The leading denominations were well represented. Three resolutions were passed, which set forth that the amendments of the Government had altoge- ther failed to remove the fundamental objection urged against the Bill by the vast majority of Nonconformists, inasmuch as it still left it in the power of school boards to require the schoolmaster to teach sectarian formularies, catechism, and dogmas in rate aided schools. The second resolution expressed the determination of Nonconformists to offer the most strenuous resistance to the passing of the measure as it stands, and in the judgment of the Central Committee the grave responsibility of delaying a general and efficient system of national education would rest with the supporters of the Bill. The only amendment which would be accepted by Nonconformists would be one provid- ing, That in any schools wholly or in part maintained out of local rates under this Act no religious instruction shall be given or religious observance practised other than the reading of the Scriptures, and that such reading shall be protected by a time-table conscience clause." ANDIAL COURAGE INFERIOR TO MORAL BRAVERY.— Mere animal courage is often associated with the worst vices. The most wonderful examples of it may be found in the history of pirates and robbers, whose fearlessnes is generally proportioned to the insensibility of their con- sciences and to the enormity of their crimes. And military courage is easily attained by the most debased and un- principled men. who may be brave from the absence of all reflection, prodigal of life because their vices have robbed life of its blessings, and especially brave because the sword of martial law is hanging over their heads. If war be a blessing because it awakens energy and courage, then the savage state is peculiarly privileged, for every savage is a soldier On the same principle those early periods of society were happy, when men were called to contend not only with one another, but with beasts of prey for to these excitements we owe the heroism of Hercules and Theseus. On the same principle the feudal ages were more favoured than the present. I repeat, we need not war to awaken human energy. There is at least equal sslu scope for courage and magnanimity in blessing, as in destroying mankind. The condition of the human race offers inexhaustible objects for enterprise, and fortitude, and magnanimity. In relieving the countless wants and sorrows of the world, in exploring unknown regions, in carrying the arts and virtues of civilisation to unimproved communities, in extending the bounds of knowledge, in diffusing the spirit of freedom, and especially in spreading the light and influence of Christianity, how much may be dared, how much endured? Philanthropy invites us to services which demand the most intense, and elevated, and resolute, and adventurous activity. Let it not be imagined that were nations imbued with the spirit of Christianity they would slumber in ignoble ease that instead of the high-minded murderers who are formed on the present system of war, we should have effeminate and timid slaves. Christsan benevolence is as active as it is forbearing. It will give a new extension to the heart, open a wider sphere to enterprise, inspire a courage of exhaustless resource, and prompt to every sacrifice and exposure for the improvement and happiness of the human race. The energy of this principle has been tried and displayed in the fortitude of the martyr, and in the patient labours of those who have carried the Gospel into the dreary abodes of idolatry. Away, then, with the argu- ment that war is needed as a nursery of heroism.- Chan ning. IMPORTANT TO TRADESMEN.—Those of our readers who fortunately have no occasion to attend at the County Courts, have no idea of the excellent advice to suitors which is now and again given by His Honour Judge Falconer. At a recent sitting he addressed the following sensible and practical observations to tradesmen, on their obligations, moral and legal, when they supplied goods, through the agency of third parties, on credit Ser- vants," said his Honour, are not agents to pledge the credit of their employers without express or implied per- mission. What the circumstances may be under which permission is implied are so various as to be utterly be- yond complete specincation; and no man of common sense, and no man wishing to avoid costly law proceedings, would think of allowing his chance of payment for goods ordered by his servant to depend on implied authority. Whenever a servant is for the first time permitted by his employer to charge his credit, no tradesman is safe if he fail, without delay, to ask the employer if the servant or alleged agent had his authority to charge his credit. The day will come when the question will have to be asked, and they should ask the question as soon as the goods were sold. Don't think you are safe because you may infer from bits of law a conclusion favourable to the risk which, through the neglect of inquiry, may be incurred. Such fragments of law may puzzle and mislead you. At the earliest moment after or before purchases are completed, address the person you intend to charge, and ask if he will pay you. Make instant enquiries of the person whom you believe, through the agent, is becoming your debtor, and you will avoid the chances of a probable, and sometimes a ruinous, law suit. Conduct your business so that you may not need the aid of lawyers, nor be compelled to pay money out of your pocket to witnesses, nor he compelled to waste your time in courts of law, and needlessly, on account of your own neglect of caution and prudence, bring your neighbours into court as witnesses and jurors, and interfere with their daily pur- suits. What may be profitable to lawyers will be costly to you, and may occasion exceeding inconvenience to your fellow-tradesmen. Remember that the pursuit of your own business cannot be separated from a consideration of your duty towards your neighbours. The explanation of the legal grounds of a judicial decision may oftentimes need an elaborate exposition of the reasons which govern those who make it; but rules of conduct in the daily baying and selling of goods do not need the study of con- flicting legal decisons. Whatever act in life may cause a doubt of its correctness, forbear to do. Abstain, therefore, to charge a man with a debt whtn you can apply to him, and ascertain if you are doing what is right. Otherwise you may find that you have thrown away your goods, wasted your money, and made yourselves pitiable objects of warning to the public as unsuccessful Plaintiffs inlegal proceedings, in conse- quence of incautious sales of goods to unauthorised ser- vants. The law does give protection. The protection is that tradesmen shall apply to the employer and ask if he has sanctioned his servant in pledging his credit. Bread is a necessary of life, and may be included, when urgently needed, among other things as "necessaries but they are none of them necessaries of credit when the employer is near, or the servant has no authority to pledge the credit of his employer. The ordinary rules of morals are the true rules of law: and law in these cases is a rule of conduct. If you are told that every servant has the purse of his employer in his charge, common sense and common honesty ought to suggest to every tradesman that, if the employer is by law in this helpless condition, the law would be a bad law, and ought not to exist for a day, and it would be a cruel law in its operation. What I have several times declared the law to be, expresses a rule of conduct which makes trade safe, prevents fraud and dis- honesty, and imposes what no honest tradesman would regard to be unpleasant trouble, knowing, as he must know, the advantages its observance gives to him. Security thus caused encourages trade, and enlarges its boundaries. i And yet, when I use the word security," I am reminded j how vainly 1 am constantly engaged in telling both men and women how to make themselves and their households secure. I tell them not to take forty shillings' worth of goods, when ten shillings' worth at a time is enough. I tell them to trade with one person of a calling at a time, and they persist in dealing with several. I tell them to preserve their homes from executions, and keep their husbands from commitment to gaol, by being mode. rate in what they buy, and they grasp at as much as they can get. I tell tradesmen how they can keep out of law, but unfortunately very many of them prefer to act on ad- vice which involves them in law suits, THE WOMEN'S SUEFRAGE QUESTION.—We understand the lecturer to-night on the Women's Suffrage question is Mr Moncure Conway a gentleman who, at the age of 21, sacrificed his patrimony to conscientious scruples as to slave- holding his father having been a Virginian slave-holder. His attainments in the literary world are to) well-known to require recapitulation. J. C. FOWLER, ESQ. -This gentleman after his arduous judicial duties of the year. is at present enjoying a season of relaxation. We are sure that all who know him will join us in the hope that he will thoroughly enjoy his holi- days, and that he will return to us with invigorated health. Mr. MANLEY'S OPERA COMPANY have been performing at the Drill Halt during the present week, with, we are sorry to find, but indifferent success. They are announced to continue their stay during next week, when we hope thir endeavours to please will meet with a larger share of reward. CORRECTION.—In our report of the Eisteddfod held in the Temperance Hall last week, we inadvertently stated that the Bethel Band of Hope Choir won the prize for singing I Only beginning the journey it should have been the Zoar Rand of Hope Choir. WELSH WESLEYAN DISTRICT MEETINGS.—The meeting of the Welsh Wesleyan Ministers of South and part of North Wales, were bell at Shiloh Chapel, Merthyr, during the past week. We understand there were present about fifty ministers, and also a large number of delegates from the various South Wales circuits. These district meetings we learn are essentially meetings for business in connection with the Wesleyan body. In these the appointment of ministers to the various Welsh circuits is practically made, and it is also in these that the young ministers on probation are recommended for ordination. Among the most notable ministers who were present at those meetings were the Rev Dr Jobson, president of the Conference, the Rev Mr Roberts, late of Huddersfield, the Rev C. Prest London, &c., &c. The conference under the presidency of the Rev Mr Jenkins, of Merthyr, continued throughout Wednesday and Thursday, sermons were preached at the above chapel, at 7 10, 2, and 6 o'clock, and we believe they were given with great eloquence and etfect. On Wednesday Dr Jobson preached an English Sermon, and the Rev Mr Wilcox a Welsh Sermon. The chapel was crowded by a congregation composed of members of all denominations, and the sermon of the President of the Conference was, if not so eloquent as some had anticipated eminently practical. We rejoice to hear that our Wesleyan friends express themselves highly gratified with the kindness evin- ced by the town generally in showing its hospitality to the strangers present at these meetings. DOWLAI S. SAD ACCIDENT.—On Friday last an accident occurred at the Bargoed Coal Pit, which was attended we regret to state with a loss of two lives, as well as injury to three other persons. It appears that the stage was descending the pit, and by some means, at present unexplained, the rope got off the drum, and the carriage precipitated to the bottom, the heavy rope falling upon it. The two persons killed are Owen Williams, Caeharris, and John Jenkins, Incline Top, Penydarren, each of them 26 years of age. The persons injured are William Hughes, William Jenkins. and William Davies. An inquest has been opened by T. Williams, Esq., deputy coroner, and some prelim- inary evid nee taken, after which it was adjourned for the presence of T. E. Wales, Esq., Government Inspector for the district. MERTHYR BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The usual weekly meeting was held on Saturday, when there were present :—Messrs. G. T. Clark (Chairman), R. H. Rhys. J. Matthews, D. E. Williams, W. L. Daniel. T. Williams, J. Williams, N. B. Allen, J. W. James, G. Per- rot, W. Gould, M. Edwards, J. W. Jones, E. Lewis, J. Rhys, Rees Lewis, G. Martin, R. Thomas, J. Rees, J. Rhys, and the Revs. J. Griffiths and G. C. F Harries. The minutes of the last meeting were read and confirmed. FINANCE. The report of the Finance Committeee was read and adopted, and the several accounts were ordered to be paid as recommended. FEVER REFUGE EXPENSES. Mr J. Matthews (one of the Finance Committee) stated that they had examined the above account sent in by the Board of Health, and they found that all the persons charged for were paupers with the exception of two, who were officers at the Refuge, who had contracted the disease whilst at their duty. They had proposed paying one-half the account ( £ 71 8s lOd) less the amount charged for the two officers referred to. The Clerk stated that the item for the two officers was JE11 Is Sd. Mr R. H. Rhys thought it was a very fair way of deal- ing with the matter. It was then agreed to pay the Board of Health the sum of f:M 3s 7d. THE REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO SQUIRE INTO THE MORTALITY AT THE INFIRMARY. The Rev. J. Griffith, Chairman of the Committee ap- pointed to enquire into the causes of the increased mor- tality at the Infirmary during the half-year ending 31st of March, 1870. read the following report:— To the Merthyr Tydfil Board of Guardians. Gentlemen, — We went into all the facts connected with the case, as they seemed to us, most carefully. We found that in the half-year in question there were 151 deaths arising from the following causes, as seen per accompanying schedule. We further inquired into the deaths ending March 31, 1809, and found them, as per same schedule, to be 35. Of these, it will be observed that in the half-year ending March, 1870, there were 17 deaths of children of from 4 years of age and under and for the half-year ending March, 18W, there were 10 deaths of children of the same age. On examining the schedule it will be found that out of 01 deaths, (j occurred by accidents, thus reducing the number to 5b. In the half year ending March 31, lHi9, there were ro deaths from accidents. On eliminating, therefore, the number of accidents from the gross number, 61. and taking into consideration the increaser-l mortality in the town, we find that the deaths in the infirmary do not much exceed the increased number of deaths in the neighbourhood. This increase would be amply accounted for by taking into consideration the impover- ished and diseased state of those who are sent into the infirmary of a workhouse. With regard to the deaths from accidents, they were of so severe a character that, after examining the Master and Sister Frances, the committee are not at all surprised at the result For example, the first was William .1 0nes, a man who had come from Dowlais. His leg was amputated the next day. He lived for eight weeks. He was of a very consumptive disposition. Two of his children have since died, one from consumption, and the other from whooping ceugli. The second was David VVatkins This, also, was an amputated case, but the operation had bsen performed outside. He died in five days of poison of the blood He was sixty years of age. The third was James Gleeson. He came in with both leg and body very much crushed the leg was amputated. He was a strong man, but Sister Frances thinks he died more from internal injury than from the effects of the opera- tion John Davies was suffering from a severe burn. He lived only ten days, and died of lockjaw Howell Williams was another case of severe burn. He came from Aberdare in an open cart on the 0th of March, a most bitterly cold day, and the man died the same evening. Thomas Edwards died of a sheck, after an explosion of gunpowder. He lived only three days. Before we conclude, we think we ought, in justice, to call your attention to the successful way in which fever has been treated during the period under investigation, viz., from October 1, 1869, to March 31, 1870. There were 23 cases in the infirmary, and only two deaths. In the previous half-year, from April 30, 1809, to September 30, 1809, there were about 30 cases of fever, and six deaths. The Rev. gentleman then moved that the report be adopted and entered in the minutes. Mr Gould seconded the proposition, and it was agreed to unanimously. Mr R. H. Rhys was very much gratified with the report, for it removed all doubts that had lately been raised, and circulated within the last six months throughout the town. What bad been said lately was a great reflection upon the skill and attention of the medical Jofficer, and the officers of the house generally, and not only upon them, but also upon the Board itself. This was the reason he had proposed that a committee should be appointed to enquire into the causes of the increase, and he was now very much pleased with the result of the committee's in- vestigation. He supported the proposal that the report be adopted, and entered on the minute book. The Chairman hoped the report of the committee would be well known throughout the town, for it clearcd away all the doubts that might have previously existed. The re- port seemed to him very conclusive and satisfactory, and he hoped all the members were of the same opinion. He quite agreed with Mr Rhys that it was their duty to ap- point the committee when such damaging reports" ere cir- culated, Mr R. H. Rhys drew the attention of the Board to the case of Howell Williams. It was stated in the report that he was brought over from Aberdare in an open cart "on a most bitterly cold day, and the man died on the same evening." The Rev. J. Griffith stated that he had intended bringing this before the Board, for he thought it should be taken notice of. To bring a man over the mountain on a cold day, as the Sister said, in an open cart, was he thought enough to cause the man's death in the state that he was in. Mr W. L. Daniel remarked that the man was covered with burns. When they enquired into the case, the com- mittee were perfectly satisfied from what the master said that the Relieving Officer at Aberdare had done his best under the circumstances. The Rev. G. C. F. Harries said he did not remember anything of the kind. The Rev. J. Griffith did not think anything was said at the committee meeting about it, for if there had he should certainly have heard it, and if what Mr Daniel had said occurred he should have mentioned it then. The Chairman thought this had nothing to do with the Board. Mr. Daniel remarked that as the Master and the Relieving Officer were in the room, they ought to be allowed to say if what he had said was not correct. ifiMr It. H. Rhys thought it was strange that the com- mittee, if they were not satisfied, had not said so in the report, or added a postscript to the report. The relieving officer ought to be heard. 0 Mr W. David stated that the man was brought to him in a cart about half-past five o'clock on the Sunday morning referred to in the report. He was severely burnt at the upper yard at Llwydcoed Works. Immediately the poor man was brought to him he went and got a covered car- riage to take him over to the Union. When the carriage came he refused to go in, for he could not sit, and was bound to lie down on his back as he was in such pain. We saw the poor fellow was in such a bad state that it would never do to keep him waiting until he went over to Merthyr for the regular ambulance, so he went without the loss of any unnecessary time, and got a spring cart in which he put a lot of straw for him to lie upon, and covered him with some rugs, and endeavoured to make him as comfortable as the circumstances would permit. Before starting he gave him three penny worth ot brandy, and again gave him the same quantity when at the half-way house on the mountain. He accompanied him ovel to the Infirmary himself.. Mr li. Thomas was satisfied with the explanation, ana could well understand that a person in his state covered with burns, would rather have been laid down than kept in with burns, would rather have been laid down than kept in a sitting posture. The Chairman concurred.. The Master remarked that he had stated the case to the Committee, but he supposed the Rev. gentlemen did not hear him. The Rev. J. Griffith said the Master mus nave told Mr Daniel himself, for h*Aha(i not heard a. word of it. Ihe Chairman observed that in reading the report it seemed as if there was blame to be attached to theSRe- lieving Officer, but he thought that Air David s statement had materially altered the aspect of the case, and it was now for them to say whether the explanation was satis- factory. The Rev. J. Griffith remarked that if they had heard these explanations before they would not have said any- thing. MASTER S REPORT. The usual weekly report wasread bythe Master, from which it appeared that there had been 27 admitted, 0 born, 14 discharged, 3 died during the week, remaining in the house 314, as against 224 in the corresponding week of last year, in the infirmary 57. 0 This concluded the public business. MERTHYR LOCAL BOARD OF HEALTH.