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TREDEGAR.

ORIGINAL CO U li ! £ S l\)…

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ORIGINAL CO U li £ S l\) N D E N C ii. ADDRESSED TO THE EDITOR. The Editor is not reBponsible for the opinions of hiA Corrc spondent* THE MERTHYR FLOWER SHOW. SIR,—As the Merthyr Flower Show is drawing nigh, it is fair and just for every exhibitor to stand on his own merits, ana not act as the majority of the Cefn guardians did last year, by sending for goods to Bristol and else- where, and stating that they were grown by themselves. I, as one, would recommend the committee to appoint a just and intelligent person to come and visit the gardens of every intending competitor before the appioaching Show, so that every one may have fair play. BENJAMIN THOMAS, Founder. CRUELTY TO THE MERTHYR POOR. A QUESTION TO THE BOARD OF GUARDIANS. GENTLEMEN,—I have been informed that on Tuesday, June 20th, a lot of the poor of Merthyr were standing at the Workhouse door in the burning sun. and begging for a drop of water, which was absolutely refused. Some went to houses in Thomas-town to beg a drop of water, while others, especially little children, stood by the door parched with thirst, while the officials stated that they had strict orders not to give them any. In the name of the ratepayers of Merthyr, and in the name of humanity, I ask by whose orders was water re- fused. I understand that bread and cheese were given to them, but no water. Is the water so scarce at J. erthyr that people must die of thirst, or is there something in the rules for the water supply to prevent the Workhouse officials to give a drop from their taps to a poor man at the door. I hope you will search into this matter at your next sitting, and find out who refused the water, otherwise the public must take the matter in hand. I fully believe that none of the guardians know this, therefore I take this opportu- nity of informing you.—Your well wisher, RHYS HWESYN JONES. PENTWYN REGATTA. SIR,—As a lover of what I consider proper treatment to those that wish to pay due respect to their superiors, I have addressed you on a subject that came under my notice at Pentwyn on Thursday last. It was announced in the bills, and un Mr. Gunn's tickets, that the chair at the luncheon was to be taken by Mr. W. Crawshay, and as one wishing him that respect which I considered was due to him as the son of R. T. Crawshay, Esq., and being his first appearance at anything like a public entertainmert, I took a ticket for the sole purpose of supporting him with my humble presence; but judge my surprise when I went there, instead of W. Crawshay, Esq. beinè, in the chair, I saw no one there even to represent him, unless we took Mr. Hoskings as his representative- If Mr. W. Crawshay's convenience were promoted, or his sense of propriety less interfered with. by absenting himself from a collation at which only tradesmen could be expected to be present, I have nothing to complain of, but if Air. Hoskings was sent as his representative, as was generally remarked on tne ground, I do complain. Personally, Mr. Hoskings may not only be a good servant, but possess many other most worthy qualities, but considering the position he occupies, I am sure it would have been more agreeable had he not appeared in a representative character indeed, i am quite sure, that had Mr. Crawshay sent a note of explanation, and retained Mr. Hoskings' services on the other side of the hill instead of sending him as a representative, it would have been more pleasing to those who had bought tickets to do honour to Mr. Crawshay's family. Let me repeat-l have no fault to find with nr. Hoskings personally. What was felt to be a mistake was, that he should have been placed in an unfortunate position. Trusting I have said nothing but the plain truth, I am, Sir, yours obediently, ABEL. Merthyr, July 4th, 1866. THE TEMPERANCE HALL. SIR,—A letter appeared in your paper of last week, written by Mr. W. L. Daniel, chemist, or as he styles him- self, Chairman of the Temperance Hall Committee." I wish for several reasons, and one especially, to state emphatically that some parts of the letter are most "ungen- tlemanly and cowardly," because they contain two base falsehoods-the 1st, that Mr. Daniel was not called to see the state of the seats at the Temperance Hall, i have said JIlce in public, and I will still repeat it, that Mr. Daniel's attention was called to the fact. Mr. Daniel refers to a part of a letter written by" Cosmopolitan." I quite agree with him in stating that it is not a very pleasant task to apologize for another's wrong, but in this case it was so, md for this simple reason, that after he found that no apo- logy was forthcoming from me, and that for his approval Lieture its insertion in the paper, he actually refused the Hall for the Working Men's Dramatic Society. Such an let of petty tyranny I could hardly expect even from a pack of teetotallers, led on by their local chieftain. The apology, however, was written, approved of by Mr. D., and sent for insertion in your contemporary of last week but, after all. it must be an unpleasant reflection for Mr. Daniel to know that I had nothing to do with writing it, and therefore, he must regard such an apology as but M«uui iibi wby «koukl oampologfy-Ut reqinrpil 2-t ill when every word of complaint about the Atate of the seats was perfectly true, in proof of which I would refer to ihose who were present ? I will pass on to falsehood No. 2, where Mr. Daniel states that when they found out who had written the letter, the committee, at their first meeting, passed a vote of censure )II me. There is not one word ot truth in this, and I be- lieve when Mr. Daniel made such a statement, he must have known that he was stating a deliberate untruth. 1 repeat it, and without fear of truthful contradiction, that there never was such a vote passed either in my presence or absence. If Mr. Daniel is himself indifferent about making baseless assertions, he ought at least to recollect that that religion which he professes must suffer in its in- terests, unless it is seen to influence those of its professors, 30 that at least they adhere to the truth when referring to their neighbours. I really do not know what my being a member of the Royal 12th has to do with the filthy state of the seats at the Temperance Hall. I go to drill, partly because I like the exercise, but mainly, because the Volunteer movement has my sympathy. II go to the Temperance Hall, not because I like its teetotal managers or its dirty seats, but to enjoy myself when any entertainment is announced. I think I have for the present disposed of Mr. Daniel, but if he wishes any future correction, I shall be happy, with your permission, to administer it.—Youis truly, ö2, Thomas-st., Thomas-town. WILLIAM THOMAS. SIR,—I find in your issue of February 3rd a letter from fj, Dowlais puddler, in which a few remarks I happened to make when on a visit to the works are rather roughly com- mented upon but it is only what men of refined and scien- tific views may expect when they condescend to associate with the mere practical herd. However, [ have been given tie understand that certain Merthyrians (from whom better things might have been expected) are, to say the least, quite sceptical on the score of what I thought proper to ad- vance on the occasion, and it is to this party, with your permission, that I shall address myself. The good people alluded to dispute (it is to be hoped in ignorance), first-the results of my transmuting furnace; secondly- the accuracy of my definition of the puddling pro- cess third my ability to make his Majesty of Dahomey's furnaces a profitable speculation fourth—the truth of my figures in relation to the temperature of the nether place. Now, it does not admit of a moment s debate that the good people in question have but a very limited acquaint- ance with scientific progress, otherwise they must have known that within the last few weeks M. Frantz and Henri Faure, of the France Medicale, have been enabled, with the aid of my transmuting furnace, to convert silver, copper, and mercury into gold, all these being one and the same metal in different dynamic states indeed, the possibility of transmuting metals has been admitted by Sir H. D .vy, Sterne, ±Wanger, Dr. Wolicott, and other eminent writers on the subject. My definition of the puddling process was necessarily brief, my object at the time being rather to convince than confuse the persons I intended to benefit, and 1 wish to as- sure your numerous readers that it is to me a labour of love" to impart substantially to others what I value myself. Indeed, if I thought it consistent with time, place, and occasion, I mitrht have taken an analytical survey of the several products of combustion in each compartment of the furnace, from the bridge wall to the damper. 1 might have alluded to, and if I thought proper, to ^decipher Mozart's as yet unanswered questions. First -t the temperature of 3,000° Fah., which of the twain, iron or carbon will preferably combine with atmospheric oxygen Second—In the course of working a puddling furnaae, i.e., between construction and dilapidation, what peculiar tacts of practice appear to the scientific observer ?" 1 might also have explained the sabulous properties and molecular ar- rangement of the ferruginous particles, together with the beautiful, though intricate, action and reaction of the chlorides, sulphides, phosphides, &c., evolved in the opera- tion, together with a variety of other interesting pheno- mena, congenial to an elevated and purely scientific mind, but totally unintelligible to a mere practical puddler. I am not at liberty, for reasons well known to the manu- facturing community, to enter into the details of the pro- cess about to be adopted at the King of Dahomey's new iron works. It must be sufficient for the present to know that both his Majesty and myself are perfectly confident as to the result. However, by way of courtesy, I will notice, in a general way, and in as simple language and form as the nature of the subject will admit, the leading feature of the undertaking. It is possible that the announcement may give birth to a few ironical remarks, such for instance, as that of associat- ing my labours with those of the academician of Logoda's attempts to extract sunbeams out of cucumbers indeed, it is a circumstance of common occurrence with vulgar minds to wish to appear facetious on subjects they are unable to fathom. However, the fact is that the African furnaces are to be animated by condensed solar heat, the idea of its application being derived from the experiments of Legrange, Smollett, Canova, and Cervantes, who have demonstrated that the quantity of heat emitted by each square of the sun's surface every hour is equal to that generated by the com- bustion of fifteen hundred pounds of coal, and this, in me- chanical energy, represents the work of 7,000 horses. Now, it has been determined by the researches of Laplace, Hazlitt, Carlyle, and Macaulay, that not an atom of this heat returns to the solar font; it is, therefore, very evident that in due process of time it will be all expended. Then, why not make iron as well as hay while the sun shines? Mr. Editor, as the MERTHYR TELEGRAPH has an exten- sive circulation in Western Africa, I will, with your indul- gence, avail myself through its columns, of the opportunity to proclaim to the tropical nationalities, that His Daho- mey an Majesty is one of the most prompt and generous patrons of sterling genius, and that to his character of being a most accomplished phlebotomist, I may with confi- dence add, from personal observation, that he is at the same time, a most distinguished scientific metallurgist also. With reference to the alleged inaccuracy of my figurts in relation to the temperature of the nether latitudes, 1 have merely to state that I invite disci'ion, simply on the con- dition that my opponents be peioi -as thoroughly familiar with some of the JIwst intricate departments of chemical science.—I am, Sir, most respectfully, your obedient ser- vant, C. G. SEYMOUR, F.C.S., &c., &c. Abomey, May4thfl866.

MERTHYR POLICE COURT.

PETTY SESSIONS.

ABERDARE.

LOCAL INTELLIGENCE.

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EBBW VALE.