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AMERICA. NEW YORK, April 24, Evening.-The President has sent. to the House of Representatives important diplomatic correspondence relating to Mexico. On the 12th of February last Mr Seward addressed a communication to M. Montholon, citing and answering in detail the arguments advanced by M. Drouyn de Lhuys, in January, in defence of the course pursued by France in Mexico. M. Drouyn de Lhuys had declared that the objects of the French Mexican expedition were not hostile to the institutions of the New World, nor was it desired to realise ambitious schemes, or to impose monarchical government upon Mexico against the will of the people, but only to obtain just reparation for the wrongs of French residents, and to secure guarantees for their future rights. A number of influential men in Mexico, including one of the late Presidents, despaired of obtaining order under republican government, and favoured the re-establishment of royalty. France sustained an Imperial government in Mexico, founded on the consent of the people, because that government furnished the requisite reparation and guarantees. M. Drouyn de Lhuys further alluded to the aid furnished to the United States by France during the revolutionary war, to the proposal that the United States should join the Mexican expedition, and to the neutrality observed by France during the late rebellion. Mr Seward replied acknowledging the traditional friendship between the two countries, and the respect and consideration due to the representations of France; but the Federal government has seen no satisfactory evidence that the people of Mexico originally accepted the so-called empire, nor could any such acceptance be lawfully procured in presence of the French army of invasion. In another dispatch M. Drnuyn de Lbuya alluded to the former friendly relations between the United States and the Emperor Iturbide. Intestine war had become the normal condition ot Mexico, and the present appo- sition to Maximilian was only the result of previous anarchy. All states needed allies, and French aid did not divest the revolutionary war ot its. true national character. Mr Seward replies that nations have no right to correct each other's errors, except to proteot their own interests. The United States did not regard the govern- ment of Maximilian as legitimate or capable of forming allrances. M. Drouyn de Lhuys urged the advantages to the United States from a stable government in Mexico; these advantages Mr Seward admitted, but declares they cannot counter-balance the injury caused by the overthrow of a republic. The United States would feel gratified when the French Emperor gave definite information when the French forces would be withdrawn from Mexico. The withdrawal need not be delayed under any apprehension that the United States would prove unfaithful to their declared policy of non- intervention. On April 6, 1866, M. Drouyn de Lbuys wrote to M. de Mmtholon that the French government recognised the desire of the Unitei Seates to cause the traditional sentiments of amity between the two countries to pre- vail over the divergencies of governmental relations. France receives with confidence the assurance that the United States will not prove unfaithful to their promise of non-intervention, and finds therein sufficient guarantee no longer to delay the withdrawal of the French forces. The Emperor has decided that his troops should evacuate Mexico in three detachments-the first in Nevember next, the second in March, 1867, and the third in November, 1867. On March 19 Mr Seward wrote to Mr Motley, the American minister at Vienna, acknowledging the receipt of his communication, wherein the latter announced the probability that Austria would consent to and permit the levy of 4000 volunteers for Mexico. Mr Motley was instructed emphatically to protest against such a proceeding, and to state that in the event of hostilities being prosecuted in Mexico by Austrian subjects in the manner described the United States will regard it as war between the Republic of Mexico and Austria, and cannot engage to remain neutial spectators. On April 16 Mr Seward again wrote to Mr Motley, acknowledging the receipt of a dispatch from him informing Mr Seward that 1000 Austrians were about to embark for Mexico at Trieste; Mr Motley was instructed to inform the Austrian government that the United States regarded the dispatch of Austrian troops to Mexico while negociations were pending with serious concern. The Judiciary Committee of the House of Repre- sentatives has reported adversely to the President's re- commendation to modify the test oath. General Foster has informed the governor of Florida that the state law disarming freedmen cannot be enforced, the Attorney General of the state having declared that law to be unconstitutional. It is reported that the British and American admirals in Chilian waters have protested against the bombard- ment of Valparaiso, and insisted that permission should be given to remove the women and children, otherwise they would resist the bombardment by force. NEW YonK, April 26, Evening.-The Senate hr e passed the bill admitting Colorado as a State into the Union. The amendment proposed by Mr Sumner, extending the suffrage to Colorado without distinction of colour, was rejected by 27 against 7 votes. An enthusiastic mass meeting was held at Brooklyn last evening to endorse the policy of President Johnson. General Rousseau, a member of Congress for Kentucky, warmly sustained Mr Johnson, and denounced Thaddeus Stephens as a miscreant who for partisan purposes opposed the reconstruction of the Union. General Canby, of New Orleans, has refused to permit the issue of writs of habeas corpus in cases of defaulting Treasury cotton agents. Heavy crevasses in the levees on the Mississippi river threaten the country around New Orleans with inunda- tion. Seventy-five additional cases of cholera have occurred on board the Virginia since her arrival in quarantine. Twelve deaths took place on Tuesday. Dr Slayter, the Halifax physician who attended the passenger9 on the England, has died of cholera at Halifax, where three other cases are reported. The Fenian excitement is rapidly abating. Federal troops guard the bridge between Calais and St Stephen's. General Doyle has established his headquarters at the latter place. The reason assigned for the release of the Fenian sohooner seized by the Federal authorities is that the vessel had a regular customs clearance from Portland, and was properly consigned to Doran Killian at Eastport. Killian's movements are not stated. It is reported that he is endeavouring to organise a fishing company, for the purpose of bringing about, without a breach of the neutrality laws, a collision between the English and Americans on the fishing grounds, in hopes of thereby causing a rupture between the two governments. Three cases of muskets consigned to prominent Fenians have been seized at Oswego by the Federal authorities; also, on Tuesday, the customs authorities at Eastport seized 100 cases of arms consigned to Fenian leaders. The Fenians are all leaving Eastport for Portland, and but one British war vessel remalas off Campo Bello. Two companies of Federal artillery arrived at Eastport on Wednesday. Two Fenians, arrested for firing at the guard on the bridge of St. Stephen's, were fined 50c. for drunkenness, by the Calais authorities. They were subsequently arrested by order of the Governor of Maine, at the request of General Doyle, and were kept to await the instructions of Mr Seward. A proposal of O'Mahoaey that the Fenian factions should unite in harmonious action, and leave all pending disputes to await the arbitration of Stephens, has been rejected by the Roberts faction. The Now York press generally pronounce the Fenian movement on the Brunswick frontier to be a collapsed bubble. NEW YORX, APRIL 25. Mr Seward has instructed the American Minister in Vienna to protest against the embarkation of Austrian troops for Mexico, and to inform the Austrian govern- ment that the United States cannot engage to remain neutral if Austria permits her troops to continue to make war against the Republic of Mexico. NEW YORK, April 28, Morning.—Spain is re- ported to have proposed to submit the Chilian question to the arbitration of the United States. It is officially announced that M. Drouyn de Lhuys has promised to lay before the Emperor Napoleon the proportions of Mr Bigelow, that France should, through the United States, negotiate with Senor Romero lor the cessation of hostilities in Mexico until the French evacuate the country. All is quiet on the New Brunswick frontier. Three hundred Fenians left Eastport on Thursday for Portland. The cause assigned for their depar- ture is their failure to obtain the arms seized by the Federal authorities at Eastport. Captain Grace the reputed organizer of the Eastport expedition, de- clares the failure to be due to the imbecility of Mahony. He advises the Fenians to furnish no more funds to Mahony, but to adhere to Roberts. The popular subscriptions to Mahony's Fenian Bonds have entirely ceased since the Eastport fiasco. It is reported that the Roberts' faction will now make a desperate effort to secure the support of the disafecteu O Mahoney Fenians by any imme- diate military demonstration against some points of the Canadian frontier. 1:> Unreliable reports are in circulation that the Fenians are gathering at Ogdeusburg, on the St Lawrence. 11 The Fenians wbo fired at the guard on St Ste- phen's-bridge have been released, the British authorities refusing to prosecute. A party of the Fenians from Eastport, on the way from Portland to Boston, mutinied against their officers. The ringleaders were put on shore, and the boat proceeded. The Fenian prisoners at Cornwall, in Canada, ivere yesterday remanded for eight days. President Jchnson has granted Mrs Jefferson Davis permission to visit her husband. The President has ordered the confiscation of property in Florida, to be discontinued. The Governor of Georgia has requested General rhomas to send troops to Fannin County, to suppress a disturbance which has broken out there, and which is beyond the control of the local authorities. The recent report, that a new 5 per cent. loan was about to be issued, is denied. Numerous meetings have been held throughout the country to endorse the policy of President Johnson. The newspaper correspondents from Mexico cor- roborate the report that the Republicans have captured Chilhuahua. The cholera on board the vessels in quarantine at New York is assuming a milder form and is abating, 88 cases were reported yesterday, being a reduction of nine since Thursday.




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