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NEWS AND OBSERVATIONS: ORIGINAL AND SELECTED. A writer in the "South Wales Weekly News says:- I have been requested to publish the following appeal, which comes appropri- ately at this season:- I should be glad to see seme movement initiated by patriotic Welsh- men to raise a little fund to assuage the dis- tress in his old age of one uF the most talented sons of Wales- ROBYN. DDU ERYRI, now esiding at Ludlow. His case is truly sad, e being now, I believe, about 83 years of age. am given to understand he has nothing to upport him but] what eleemosynary aid he gets from Welsh literary and other friends who are aware of his pitiable circumstances. I read with admiration remarkable specimens of his genius as a Welsh poet in the Welsh column of the Cardiff Times" every now and then, and can very well remember him delivering a powerful address in the Taber- nacle Methodist Chapel at Aberystwyth, about Christmas time of the year 1836 — 51 years ago — in support of the great movement in favour of total abstinence, which, but a few I years previously, had been commenced in I Lancashire. ROBYN DDU at that period was certainly one of He most eloquent and success- ful advocates of that cause which Wales has ever produced. I would fain believe that many benevolent and philanthropic supporters of the temperance movement might be induced to stretch forth a helping hand to one of the orignal champions of a cause which, in those days, entailed a great degree of persecution and obloquy on its advocates. Cymmrodorion! a gynorthwywch chwi ROBYN DDTT ERYRI yn ei henaint a'i dlodi ? — lOAN AP RRYs. The value of the tithe rent-charge last year was J687 8s lOd per £100, and this year it will be £ 84 2s 8id. Next year there will be a still further reduction. In years of prosperity the rent-charge realises more than £100. A second suffragan Bishop of London has been consecrated, Archdeacon EARLE, of Totnes, having been appointed. The stipend will be provided by the appointment of the new dignitary to the living of St. Michael's, Cornhill, which is worth £ 1,500. Compared with the pay of other Bishops this is a small sum, but probably Bishop EARLE will do as much effectual work as any of his better paid colleagues. The new colour is evidently red. It meets one in the ladies' dresses at every turn. It is a staring, glaring colour, and cruel to some complexions. But the heart of womankind is set upon it. The children are all made ruddy, if not chubby, and the newest of costumes are as brilliantly red as though the dyer's hand had lost its cunning in other hues. A perfect" red-fever seems to have set in. The lovers of gentle gradations of colour are in despair. The new red kills everything else in its neigh- bourhood. But the Philistines do not care for that, and they have the advantage of looking very warm and comfortable, and very distinguishable, if not very distinguished, in their somewhat fiery garments. Mr LEWIS1 MORRIS has been again selected as the candidate of the Liberals for the Pem- broke Boroughs. The Royal National Lifeboat Institution has already placed sixty of their new style of boats on the coast, one of them being, as our readers are aware, at this town. The judges appointed to decide upon the merits of designs of mechanically propelled boats have reported that none of the plans submitted to them will suit the requirements of the institution. The traffic returns of the Cambrian Railways for the past year show an increase of £ 1,503. Whether any portion of this increase is due to the additional advertisements which have been placed in various parts of the country or not cannot be decided, but it is very satisfac- tory that increase and not decrease has followed the advertisements. A statement issued by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts estimates the population of the world at 1,470 millions. Of this number 415 millions are Christians, 178 millions are Mohammedans, 8 millions are Jews and 874 millions are heathen. So there is ample scope for missionaries. The Church Mission will commence this (Friday) evening, and will be continued during ten days. It may reasonably be supposed that many Nonconformists will attend, just as Churchpeople go to chapel on special occasions. At Trinity all sittings are free, and doubtless the pews at St. Michael's will be thrown open to all comers. "The Times" completed its centenary on Monday week. It has from the first been the leading newspaper of the world. A correspondent of a Welsh paper calls the woman who was recently fined at the Aber- ayron petty sessions for throwing filth at a person who was discharging an unpleasant dirfy, a hero and a martyr! Surely this is a cheap and unusual means of attaining heroism and martyrdom. On Monday afternoon a meeting of farmers and dealers will be held at the Assembly Rooms to appoint a dozen of their own class to unite with the Markets Committee of the Town Council in preparing a scheme for im- proving the markets and fairs of the town. In addition to the selection of members oppor- tunity will of course be taken to discuss the question generally, so that the joint committee may be in a position to judge what ought to be done. The more the discussion the better. There are numbers of points, each of which will require careful consideration, and no one should hesitate to express an opinion, whether it is likely to prove acceptable or not, for no opinion can be absolutely unprofitable. The object is to unite together all classes and interests. Many suggestions have already been thrown out at various times, some of which are well worth full consideration. It has been sug- gested over and over again that all the markets should be concentrated at one spot, and that suitable buildings should be erected. From one point of view there is much to recommend this suggestion. This has been done at Car- marthen; where there are buildings for various kinds of produce and goods, and persons once in the market can readily find what they want, whether meat, or fruit, or flannels, or fowls, second-hand books, or agricultural implements, butter, eggs, or 'almost anything else; whilst the smithfield and slaughterhouse adjoin. The serious objections, to this scheme are three in number, and they are equally weighty. In the first place, the site and the buildings would cost a very large sum of money; secondly, the only available site is outside the town, and would therefore be most incon- venient; thirdly, there are already build- ings which are very well adapted for market purposes, It is true that the mar- kets are at some distance from each other, but the time of those who have business to tran- sact is not so very valuable that they will lose much by the minutes which are occupied in walking from one to the other. The Meat Market is fairly well patronised, but there is room for more business. The Corn Market is used for grain, butter, cheese, eggs, wool and flannel, and glass and crockery-ware are also on sale there. Garden produce, fowls and fish are invariably sold from door to door, except for a couple of tables placed in the street at the Town Clock. If something could be done to induce the vendors of these articles to take up their positions in either of the mar- kets, or, better still, in the Market Hall in Terrace-road, it would be a con ;iderable advantage in many respects. Butas yet there are no indications that they will do so, for the very simple reason that housekeepers like to be served at their doors, the same seller-i calling upon them regularly. Therefore it is safe to say that it will be some time before a market is opened specially for these commodities. But inducements should be held out to buyers and sellers alike to attract them into the market. It has been suggested that an effort should be made to establish sheep and wool fairs in the town. Some wool is now sold at the Corn Market, but trade does not seem to be brisk in that department. The drawback to the estab. ishment of sheep fairs is the great distance between the hills where the sheep are fed and the town. If farmers will but bring their sheep ten or twenty miles to the town, and sell them at reasonable prices, buyers will be forthcoming. Much can be done to improve the horse and cattle fairs, but we are not hopeful with regard to the future. Dealers come here, in ample numbers, but they can frequently buy but a limited quantity of stock. So long as farmers are willing to bring their stock to market and take them home again several times rather than sell at what they believe to be a low figure, but which is really the market value, it is not encouraging for dealers to attend. It should be borne in mind that dealers can only get market value for their purchases, and they cannot be expected to give exceptionally high prices. They are prepared to give such prices for stock as will enable them to get some profit upon their transactions. But the real question which the joint com- mittee will have to deal with is that relating to tolls. There is a good deal to be said for mar- ket tolls, and there is a good deal to be said against them. Of late our local comtemporary has been finding fault with the Markets Committee, and assiduously teaching them a little bit of their duty. Unfortunately committees have no feelings, and this particular one seems to be altogether indifferent to criticism. The Chair- man of the Markets Committee now is Mr RICHARD JAMES, and it will be amusing to see how soon our contemporary will cease to bicker when it has discovered this fact. The Rev. E. T. DAVIES, vicar of Aberdovey, has suggested that as the present year is the ter-centenary of the translation of the Bible into Welsh by Bishop MORGAN, the event should be celebrated in some tangible manner. The Nonconformists are already interesting themselves in the matter. Dr MORGAN'S remains lie in St. Asaph's Cathedral, without a superstructure of any kind to mark it. Complaints are made in some quarters be- cause the police and military are called to the protection of those whose duty it is to carry out the tithes distraint sales. Those who raise the objection forget that the first duty of good government is the maintenance of law and order. There can be no question as to the legality of the sales, and therefore of the obli- gation of the authorities to enforce them, if required to do so. But it is another question whether the tithe-owners ought to enforce full payment. Of late the Calvinistic Methodists have adopted the plan, which is novel in towns, although frequently adopted in the country, of holding weekly prayer meetings in work- men's houses, which are visited in turns. In the Skinner-street district the plan has been found to work very well. In our present issue will be found another letter, by the Rev. A. G. EDWARDS, on the Nonconformity of Wales, and also the annual re- turns of some of the Nonconformist denomina- tions, as published by themselves. We regret that Mr F. R. ROBERTS bad a severe:attack of illness in the early part of the week. He is now, however, much better. Cardiganshire is the subject of the last of the Letters from Wales in The Times." We shall reproduce the letter in our next issue.








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