SERIOUS COLLIERY DISASTER. Great excitement prevailed on Wednesday after- noon throughout the northern colliery districts in consequence of the publication of reports of a terrible colliery disaster at the Earl of Durham's pits, near Houghton-le-Spring. The first hurriedly-telegraphed statements put the probable loss of life at the appal- ling figure of 350. Happily, however, the disaster, although it proved on investigation to be sufficiently grave, was not of such terrible dimensions, and it was finally estimated by experts that not more than twenty or twenty-five persons have perished. The Earl of Durham has two pits near Pensher, known as the Dolly and the Peggy, both situated near the Usworth Col- liery, where a disastrous explosion took place some months ago. In these pits there are three seams, all connected with one another, and the actual scene of the disaster was in the New Maudlin seam in the Peggy pit, between eleven and twelve o'clock on Wed- nesday morning, during the changing of the shifts, numbering about 120 men and boys. All the men were at work unsuspicious of danger, for the ventila- tion was exceptionally good, and the general atmos- pheric conditions were unusually favourable to mining operations. Suddenly a putter lad came rushing along the workings screaming out to the newly arrived shift men to run for their lives, as the new Mandlin seam was on fire. The men at once made their way to the shaft, aDd were quickly drawn to bank, and the bulk of [the men in the Hutton seam also made good their escape. Several men coming from another direction narrowly escaped with their lives, and it was not until they reached the bank that the exact character of the calamity became known. The seam was not on fire, as was at first reported, but some old workings had been broken into, causing a rush of gas, followed by a tremendous inpour of water, which swept through the workings, according to the statement of one of the survivors, like a roar- ing storm-swollen river. How everybody along the course of the torrent managed to escape with their lives is almost miraculous. Strong men were swept along for a considerable distance breast-deep in the water, and a number of boys were saved only by the gallantry of the men, who dragged them along or held them up out of the water at the risk of their own lives. As the first batch of refugees made their appearance at bank the terrible news quickly spread, and the pit's mouth was in an in- credibly short time surrounded by a crowd of weep- ing, wailing women and children, who watched with painful interest and anxiety the arrival of each batch of rescued men. One man named Reynoldson, a carter and back overman, was brought to bank in a pitiable condition, suffering from after-damp. It was evident that he could not live long and, indeed, de- spite the tender care of the medical men who had hastened to the spot, he died within a few minutes of his arrival at bank. Meanwhile, Mr. Patterson, of the Miners'Association, Mr. Bell, Government inspector, and a number of mining engineers held a consultation, and with as little delay as possible these gentlemen, together with Mr. John Smailes, Mr. Ralph Black- burn, Mr. Hope, Mr. Tate (the manager of the pit), and Mr. Stokoe Houghton, descended upon an ex- ploring expedition. They found that the water bad first broken away in the New Maudlin seam, at a time when twenty-five men and lads were working there. Measures were at once taken to stop the in- flow of water and, it is hoped, the complete flooding of the colliery. The following is a list as far as could be gained on Wednesday of the entombed: John Howse, back overman, married, with one child; J. Daglish, hewer, wife and five children; Thomas Dag- lish, widower Joseph Robinson and one of his sons, hewers; James Grey, hewer, married, three children John Jackson, hewer; Joseph Carr, hewer, married, one child; John Williamson, single; J. Lewis, married; two brothers named McLean, single; J. Allison, married, six children; J. Laidler, J. Hen- derson (putter), G. Kirtley (driver), and II. Davidson. At five o'clock in the eveninglittle hope was entertained of rescuing any of these alive. A later account says It is now hoped that the loss of life at the Margaret Pit will not exceed twelve. Mr. Tate son of the resi- dent inspector, on coming to bank at five o'clock on Wednesday afternoon, stated that the ventilation was good, and the current of air in no way interfered with. Of the twenty, two men and boys then entombed, thirteen bad been spoken to. They were then im- prisoned in the second and fifth headings of the new Maudlin seam. They stated that they could hold out some time longer. Tea and biscuits were sent down, and in about half an hour later the two brothers named Daglish, and a putter boy named Middlemas, were sent to bank. They were somewhat exhausted, but quite able to walk home. From the statements they made, it was hoped that the remaining me;, may still be alive.
A NUPTIAL TiE.-When husband and wife have both married for money, and neither has got any.
1—bwwm .BWWW EVACUATION OF THE SOUDAN. The following Renter's despatches were received on Wednesday morning:— June 2. LARNACA, June 2. A telegraphic despatch Ltas been received here Offering the plant of the Scmakim-Berber railway as a gift to the Government of Cyprus. SOUAKIM, June 2. An Egyptian vessel with tribal police on board has surprised the rebels at Adig, killing twenty of them, taking prisoners a number of others, and capturing J50 camels and 1000 sheep. The vessel returned *jei*6 safely yesterday evening. The enemy yester- day made a threatening demonstration, apparently With the object of wrecking the railway, but were dis- persed by a few cannon shots. ALEXANDRIA, June 2. The 2nd Battalion of the East Surrey Regiment, *hieh arrived here last Friday from Souakim, in the Conway Castle, and remained on board pending the 11 l'eceipt of orders, is now disembarking, and will be quartered at the Ras-el-Tin Palace. CAIRO, June 2. Official telegrams from Souakim state that the jriertdlies have defeated the rebels at Aziz, killing twellty of them and capturing much cattle. The Bosphoro Ecjyptien continues its former 'itating tactics. In its issue to-day it positively Glares that the Egyptian Government has received ne\ts of the Mahdi's arrival at Berber. The state- ment has caused considerable excitement amongst the ja%es, but Nubar Pasha has given it an emphatic filial.
THE SALVATION ARMY. i The annual meeting of the Salvation Army was on Monday evening in Exeter Hall, when ?e&eralBeothdelivered an address on "The Rise and r°gress of the Salvation Army." It was just three ^rs, he said, since they opened their Congress Hall, ^d they had made a steady and remarkable advance. Wing those three years they had beet tested and in almost every way. They had been tried by and their trials continued. One of the Captains bad been sentenced to one month's imprison- lJJent in York for singing in the market place, two °t}¡ r-, "Scera were just out of gaol in Leeds, and in Brad- a captain had been sentenced to eight days' im- jpIsonrnent for carrying on the operations of the j.^y. In Switzerland thirty of their soldiers were Prison, and, to show the virulence and hatred of t°tne towards the army, a policeman threatened i summon a captain for praying for him. They just commenced in German Switzerland, and Q6re doing very well. In the United States and an_ada no fewer than GOO Salvationists were suffer- imprisonment. They had been tried by persecu- k0?8' bJ lawsuits, and by deep and abject poverty, ° out of their trials the Salvation Army had come prions. As to the results, so far as the outside „°rid was concerned, they had not been able to please o16 devil. He believed the devil hated them more he did last year. He was sure they had not eased the world, "but they had not tried to do so. J??? had maintained, and did maintain, sound 'hodox doctrine. If the rank and file of the army ^re tested, he believed they would be found the of°tU 0r'o^ox Christian organisation on the face ste a- earkh. During these three years they had gone forward in the track of holy self-sacrifice thfi abour, for the salvation of the world, and had justified all the reasonable expecta- gJ01* that had been raised concerning them, in t years ago the colours of the Army were flying 8e w° different countries, now they were flying in R 1^teen. Seven years ago they had 81 corps, now Seven years ago they had 127 officers jjy assistants to carry on this war as leaders, Otia they had 2650. Seven years ago they had just le 11 had 9oWSPaPsr, a small monthly magazine now they j,a separate publications, 19 of which were news- Lffers> with a united circulation of something like million per week. If he lived till 1900 the Arniy w0llld have its great international ijjpp centre temple, in which by telephones and I PeoTnt P^ans they should be able to make 50,000 I Sal ^ear the glorious announcement that the ■ 1Ovation Army had at least two million soldiers who ■ j willing to"die for the Lord Jesus Christ. They had H lsified alftbe fears entertained concerning them, and ■ ? ply repaid all the prayers, sympathy, and money in- I ^ie ■^>r™e Minister of the Colony of Yictoria I £ lnrvn0l?'ae<*to try to induce his Parliament to grant H womm home for the rescue of fallen I Thev ttwJ 6 ySalvation Army in that colony. I to »I f°rward, and had started a column I h-iv r0l!'r vi-llages of England. They were to I serin C^ra?ans every county, and they were now I 0 Us v J:'011tempi a ting extending their operations to ■ war had broken out between England and H tbey should have been able to offer the Govern- I 8^, ,^Wo hundred nurses, on condition that they ■ alijj be permitted to nurse English and Russians &ehtl' Salvation navy was about to be started, and a ^et i6113ailhad given them a steam yacht one hundred by which they would be enabled to go up and tljfi f]'L coast among the fishermen, sailing into all ^hnr rent ports, and making a Salvation sensation tlj6 6Ver she went. A collection was taken to defray Ost of prosecuting the work, and a considerable Was contributed.
I THE VOLUNTEER FORCE. i\; tb Itappears from some returns prepared by order of fo^ 'eld-Marslral Commanding-in-Chief for the in- °f fc^e Secretary of State for War, that out ^^>015 officers and men of all arms comprising °lunteer force, the number with one year's years'6 amounts to 47,699, and from one to two have Service> 38,003. The number of men who ■ fro^ Sf^Ved from two to three years is 28,380; and ■ S(!i>io 66 ^our years, 21,371; under five years' ^ere are 14,746; under six years, 11,024; ■ tlb.der seven years, 9214 under eight years, 7218; ■ Tjje years, 6030; and under ten years, 5559. H Jear, ?0lUT1teers who have served from 10 to 15 ■ an(i atrionnt to 13,131; from 15 to 20 years, 6954; ^°Ver2« years, 5679. The ages are thus given; ■ 19$17 years of a2e, 655; 17 to 18, 9103; 18 to ■ to'oV'r2; 19 to 20"; 20,755 20 to 21, 20,178; 21 ■ 2^ t"'1'8,034 22 to 23, 15,021 23 to 24, 12,974; H t0 2o 11,338 25 to 26, 9853 26 to 27, 9031; 27 ■ 35 ?Q^°0; 28 to 29, 7217 29 to 30, 7313; 30 to H 5°> 484ft 9 35 t0 40, 12^354 40 to 45, 8017 45 to "*6; and upwards of 50 years, 2555.
■ REGISTRY OF SHIPPING. Bill has been introduced by Mr. tf^- M.P., for transferring the control of the regis- H Cni°n °f British ships from the Commissioners of H Jaa(30llls to the Board of Trade, Provision being H is itlf0r retaining the present registrars, the Board M Port uturQ to appoint, the registrars of shipping at £ tr%fi an<l other places in the United Kingdom. °f Ga!6r' without the consent of the Commissioners fix'8 °ms no °-ficer °f Customs is to be so appointed. ■ Va g number of registrars the consent of the neoes3ary- For the Port of London tu^r'^sneral of Shipping and Seamen is to e%taj6 hief Registrar of British ships. The bill >e8iste S a Q6W sca^e ^ees relating to inspecting a r and obtaining conies of it.
H A|>°PULAE MANAGERS PROGRAMME. Iher« H ^Ocyr a i Probably is no mor9 universally popular 18 a h rnanager than Wilson Barrett. His name ■ word in all the provincial towns .s name and fame are inseparably ^°H. w_ith the dramat ic art of the present genera- i3 'f 'n consequence of thi.s that whatever he rights Seneral public interest. At present the 01don fj l"j0n(lf,n'' is revived by him at his beautiful ^f tlle « theatre, the Prin cess's, and on the first night 'or t^ee?}val Mr. Barrett in thanking his audience the k 11 tn VQd,y manner in which it had received the PrQd(jef-° occasion to note that since its previous ^'6 Princess's programme had been • than tha t of any other theatre—a state- f^ieng11 '-ly verified bv the applause of the W }jjge' deterring to the future, Mr. Barrett said production would be a new drama of nohsh life by Mr. Henry A. Jones and 5is na £ er,„,0H,ftn- (Loud applause, and calls of ^6\v v, *7.' This would probably be succeeded by cP Pla7' ari(-l after that he intended to ^Ce w. er ^bakespman revival. This last aasur- H C^Ufor <. CHli 'll6^ M l°a<l cheers, and numerous
.l\. prOnli r,t divine who was to officiate at a cblirob ,v> ? himself and congregation in the ^8ke(J that'8l rtl '-V 'n aflvatlce of the bridal party, Soo'e °ne ssiould strike up a hymn to ini- bridai good brother started off, ju st as *7 partnersTn di"terpf1' Wikh the C01110 on,
THE DISTURBANCE AT A WORKING MEN'S CLUB. The men charged with rioting at the International Club, Percy-mews, London, were again brought up at Marlborough-street on Monday. Mr. Poland prose- euted, and Mr. Abrahams defended. There are cross summonses against a number of the police. Ernest J. Poland, caretaker in the employment of Messrs. Rowney and Co., of 10, Percy-street, next door to the European Club, said that at twenty-five minutes to twelve on Saturday night, May 9, he heard a dreadful disturbance in the club, as of fighting and turning over of things. Some one cried, Murder Police I shall be murdered He went up to the first floor, shall be murdered He went up to the first floor, and looked out of window. He saw two or three people on the doorstep of the European Club, who had apparently been thrown out, one of them looking very nearly killed. A number of people came along and spoke to the men, who told them that they had been very nearly I murdered and thrown out, and bad lost £38. A policeman named Griggs came up and told the people who had been thrown out to stand there," as he should want them at the station. The policeman knocked at the door of the European Club for admit- tance. He was not admitted, but previous to that some one took a brick from a heap in the roadway and threw it through the window of the club. After- wards witness heard the cry raised, They are going out at the back." He then shut the window and went to the back of the premises to protect them, as the mob came in that direction. There were about 100 to 150 people in Percy-street. Messrs. Rowney's premises were between the International and European Clubs, in Percy-mews. He saw an excited mob coming along the mews, and heard a smashing of glass in Rowney's premises, twelve windows in all being broken with bricks and stones. He went to the front door in Percy-street to obtain assistance, and afterwards returned to the back and saw that all the mob bad squeezed into the International Club. He saw a man in the crowd smash six of the club windows with a stick, and he heard the mob call out "Kill the Germans." There was then a general melee,\the mob bringing out the club tables and chairs, and breaking them in the mews. There were some police there, but very few. That was about 25 minutes past 12. A large number of police came at last. He saw the mob pressintothelnternational Club. Cross- examined by Mr. Abrahams: After the police came in force the disturbance began to quiet down. He saw a lot of persons arrested, but not the man who broke the six windows. He did not see any of the rioters or those persons who threw stones arrested. Robert William Blacow, of 21, Cleveland-street, a cellarman, gave a general corroboration of the pre- vious witness's evidence as to the origin of the dis- turbance. A tobacconist's assistant, named Jones, was the next witness, and while he was giving his account of the disturbance a woman at the back of the court called out, It's not true." She was at once pushed out of the court by a policeman. Mr. Abra- hams protested against what he termed the brutality displayed by the policeman, and a stormy scene ensued, the magistrate ordering Mr. Abrahams to sit down, while the latter, cheered by persons in court, refused to obey the magistrate. A number of excited foreigners outside the court endeavoured to force an entrance. The doors of the court were closed against them, and the attack on the policemen in the court thus prevented. The hearing was again adjourned, the defendants-being liberated on their own recogni- sances.
MISS TAYLOR ON HER PARLIA- MENTARY CANDIDATURE. On Monday, Miss Helen Taylor, who has con- sented to contest the North Camberwell Division in the Radical interest, addressed a meeting at the Camberwell Radical Club. She said it was exactly twenty years this spring since her step-father, Mr. Stuart Mill, was asked to stand for Westminster. It was with great reluctance that he consented, but he felt there were questions which he alone was prepared to bring before the people of England in Parliament. Among these especially was the question of the equal rights of men and women. Twenty years later it was with great surprise that she found a few days ago a constituency in London' willing not only to carry on the work thus begun, but to go one step further, and call upon a woman to claim tho legal right possessed by women to sit in Parliament. There was no need to get the law altered. It never had been disputed. Forty years ago Mr. Mill laid down those principles of socialism which she hoped the people of England would soon be prepared to carry out. Proceeding to deal with the questions which ought to be pressed upon the at- tention of the next Parliament, Miss Taylor said the first was universal suffrage, which meant the right to the vote of every full-grown man and woman unconvicted of crime. Hitherto women, whatever their intellect or moral qualities, had been treated as incurable idiots and lunatics. She was convinced, however, that the men of England, if polled to-morrow, would declare emphatically that an end must be put to such a state of things. Radicals who were content with mere instalments of reform were false to their constituents. Next there was the question of the payment of members and of election expenses by the country, as well as the no less important one of cumulative taxa- tion. An income of £100,000 a year was enormous and extravagant. When it came up to that amount she would not be afraid to say that she would have the income tax fixed at 19s. in the pound. Moderate Liberals would call that system not practical; but it was practical, and was in existence now in some of the States of Switzerland, and with excellent results. After referring to local self-government, the land, and other topics, Miss Taylor concluded by stating that if thought worthy of taking a share in the political work of the future she would not shrink from the task, and would have no fear of the opposition of so-called Liberals.
MEASUREMENT OF SEA WAVES. The Hydrographic Bureau of Washington pub- lished lately the following results of a series of observations carried out in order to determine the length, depth, and duration of ocean waves. The longest wave hitherto observed is said to have bad a length of half a mile, and to have spent itself in 23 seconds. During storms in the North Atlantic waves sometimes extend to a length of 500 and 600 feet, and lasts from 10 to 11 seconds. The most careful measurements of the height of waves give from 44 to 48 feet as an extreme limit; the average height of great waves is about 30 feet. Of course those measurements refer to ordinary marine action, and do not relate to earthquake action or other exceptional agencies.
DEATH OF AN AUSTRIAN POET AND NOVELIST. German literature has suffered a great loss by the death of Alfred Meissner, the Austrian poet, novelist, and dramatic author, who died on the 29tb inst., at Bre- genz, in the Tyrol, aged 63. Alfred Meissner's father, Dr. Theophilus Meissner, was a popular author, his mother was a Scotchwoman, born at Inverary. The family was Protestant. Alfred Meissner was born at Teplitz, Bohemia, and graduated as a Doctor in Medicine at the University of Prague, but he soon gave Uj. ) his practice, and in 1846 published his re- markable epic "Ziska," which treats of the life and fate of John Huss. Meissner was a great friend of Heinrich Heine, and his second important work pub- lished in 1849 was called The Son of Atta Troll," being a continuation of Heine's celebrated political satire. Meanwhile, being an enthusiast in the cause of liberty and an ardent Czech Nationalist, Meissner found it prudent to leave Austria during Metternich's rule, and he spent several years in Paris, where among other things he wrote a volume entitled Re- volutionary Studies," and one called In the Year of Grace 1848." In 1850 he went to London as the guest of Lord John Russell, in whose house he pre- pared for the stage two dramas, "The Wife of Uriah and Reginald Armstrong; or, The World of Silver," but neither of these works was suc- cessful on the German stage, nor did he have better luck with a more ambitious drama, "The Pretender of York." Discouraged by these failures Meissner ceased to write for the stage. In 1855 he published his Recollections of Heinrich Heine," then a volume of novelettes, and one of very sweet lyrical poems. His first great novel, Between Princes and People," was a political story of 1848 and was widely read, but it has not remained so popular as Black and Yellow" and" The Children of Rome," which are accounted his best novels. During the last years of his life Meissner wrote a great deal for the Austrian papers. His last important prose work | was an aut obiography in three volumes, which abounds in anecdote and has been much appreciated by critics i for the force and freshness of its style.
DOMESTIC TRAGEDY AT NUNHEAD. At the Marlborough Arms, Camberwell, on Wed- nesday Mr. George Perceval Wyatt held two inquests on the bodies of Thomas and Sarah Arlott, husband and wife, aged respectively 65 and 68 years, lately residing at 41 Barsett-road, Nunhead. The death of the latter was due, it is alleged to her husband's violence, while he fearing arrest, committed suicide. Sarah Arlott, daughter of the deceased couple, de- posed that she resided with her parents, who led a very unhappy life. Her mother was a very heavy di inker, and her father was constantly ill-using her; in fact he had treated her badly ever since they had been married. Her father used to kick her mother downstairs, and witness bad often seen him throw chairs at her. On Saturday night witness was returning home, when she met her mother in Rye-lane, Peckham. The latter had been drinking, but she was not intoxicated. She told wit- ness not to go home as her father was drunk. On Sunday morning she saw her mother lying uncon- scious on the floor with her head under a wash-stool. There was a broom lying across her chest, and there were several bruises about her. Her mother was then fully dressed, and seemed to have just come in. Witness picked her up and put her on to a bed which was in the room, and removed a portion of her clothing. Her father went out. De- ceased slept heavily, and did not recover conscious- ness. In the meantime her father returned and went to his room. About one o'clock on Monday morning the heavy breathing stopped, and witness looked at her mother and saw that she was dead. Witness went into her father's room, and told him that she thought that her mother was dead. He became like a madman, and sent his son for a doctor. Dr. Etheridge, the divisional surgeon of police, stated that there were wounds of recent origin on both arms. The left eye was black, and other portions of the body were badly bruised. None of the bones, however, were fractured. Witness was in- formed that it was supposed that the husband of the deceased had, while the latter was sober, and apparently in good health, struck her with the broom. Witness had since made a post- mortem examination. There was a slight mark on the head, which had apparently been caused by a blow, and he found a slight extravasation. There was a livid bruise on the head. The bone of the skull was covered with blood. Both he and Dr. Bond had come to the conclusion that a clot of blood which they found on the brain was due to the violence of a blow. After considerable discussion, the jury re- turned an open verdict as follows "That the death of the deceased was due to a clot of blood on the brain, producing compression from a blow, but there is not sufficient evidence to show how such a blow was sustained." The police had waited for the result of the post-mortem examination before taking any further steps. The post-mortem was concluded at eight o'clock on Wednesday morning, and Chief Inspector Steggles, who had charge of the case, was proceeding from the mortuary to Nunhead for the purpose of arresting the husband on a charge of murder, when he was informed that the man had some hours before committed suicide. With reference to the death of the man the daughter stated that he was a stone- mason's labourer. On Tuesday night witness returned home with her brother, and before she went to bed she saw her father. He said, Good night. Go and rest yourself. This will be a locking-up job." Witness said, Serve you right, father. You have served me cruelly all my life." In the early morning she was awakened and saw her father in her room. He crept round the bed and looked at her. Witness put the clothes tightly round her throat, as she thought he might do some- thing to her, but he left the room without speaking. At half-past eight o'clock witness again woke up, and on going downstairs saw her father lying in the back kitchen on his right side with his throat fearfully cut. He was quite dead. A brother and a sister of his had committed suicide. Dr. Etheridge said there were seven or eight different cuts, but the main TTound was two and a half inches deep. A verdict of "Suicide whilst mentally deranged" was returned.
EPITOME OF NEWS. I BRITISH AND FOREIGN The Allan Royal Mail Steamship Caspian, from Halifax and St. John's, reports that the chief engineer, John Browne, was missed from the steamer at noon on the 28th ult., the day after their departure from St. John's, and was not seen afterwards. It is supposed that he committed suicide. The Cleveland Ironmasters' Association issued their monthly return on Wednesday, from the office at Middlesboro', which shows that during May there were 98 blast furnaces in operation, and 58 idle. The total make of pit;-iron was 213,599 tons, which is an increase of 90,008 tons on April. The stocks have increased 9897 tons, and the shipments have fallen off 4575 tons in the month. On Wednesday, at Leek, a man namel William Sales, described as a silk picker, was charged with a murderous assault upon his stepdaughter, aged 18 years. Several days ago the young woman interfered in a domestic quarrel, whereupon the a cused attacked her, and inflicted such severe injuries that her depositions were taken, in view of a possible fatal termination. The accused was remanded for fourteen days, bail being refused. The body of Mr. David Pearce, reporter for the Kent Messenger," was found in the Thames on Wed- nesday evening, off the Ship and Lobster Tavern, about a mile below Gravesend. The deceased, who was 46 years of age, was chairman of the Borough Radical Association, but was obliged to retire on account of ill- health. He had been an inmate of the Barming Heath Asylum, but left in April apparently cured. He left home on Wednesday morning, evidently suffering from depression, and nothing more was seen of him until his body was fouad. A newly-formed trades council met in Darlington on Wednesday night, representing coachmakers, com- positors, blacksmiths, ironworkers, railway servants, and joiners. Resolutions were passed condemning the House of Lords for the alteration in the Registration Bill in respect to recipients of gratuitous medical relief, and favouring the payment of members out of the national exchequer. The Australia, transport, arrived at Portsmouth on Wednesday afternoon from Granton with the 3rd Brigade Scottish Artillery Militia. The regiment, which was under the command of Colonel Dickson, and num- bered 13 officers and 600 non- commissioned officers and men, will go under canvas at Fort Monckton for their summer drill. The wives of the 20th Hussars, who left Aldershot on Tuesday last, are being cared for by the Aldershot and Farnborough Ladies' Committee, presided over by Lady Archibald Alison, and of which Lieutenant-Colonel Walker is the treasurer. This committee works in har- mony with the Imperial War Fund, and provides the necessary means for rendering suitable assistance in each deserving case. M. Goblet, the Minister of the Interior in France, has replied to the protest of the Archbishop of Paris against the secularisation of the Pantheon. M. Goblet considers that the Archbishop has exceeded hispowers in making the protest, and that he has no right to discuss the acts of the Government or its general policy. His attitude, the Minister says, is not calculated to improve the rela- tions between Church and State. A banquet to the judges was given on Wednesday evening at the Mansion House, the Lord Mayor in the chair. The principal speaker was Mr. Phelps, the United States Minister, who dwelt on the cordial rela- tions between the two countries. The Medical Commission sent to Valencia has re- ported that the disease of a suspicious character which has broken out in several towns of that province is cholera. The authorities are taking precautionary measures to prevent the spread of the malady. On Wednesday Mr. Chamberlain had an intreview with a deputation representing the West Birmingham Divisional Liberal Council, who requested him to be- come their candidate at the ensuing general eleci ion. In consenting to stand Mr. Chamberlain delivered a long speech, in the course of which he charged mem- bers of the Opposition with subjecting Mr. Gladstone to vulgar affronts and lying accusations. He argued strongly in favour of local government for Ireland, and said that in the coming Parliament the responsibilities of the community to its poorer members would demand the serious attention of thinking men of all parties. An old woman named Frost was sentenced, at Marylebone Police-court on Tuesday, to six weeks' hard labour for pretending to tell fortunes. It was stated that her house had been watched, and large numbers of young women had been seen to visit the prisoner to have their fortunes told. Information has been received by the Admiralty officials at Queenstown that the Mutton Lighthouse, on the west coast of Ireland, has been partially destroyed by fire The revenue received from April 1 to the 30th ult. amounted to JE14,743,696, or JE685,156 more than the £14,058,540 received in the corresponding period end- ing May 31,1884. The expenditure up to the 30th ult. was £14,222,859, being £3,114,847 more than the ex- penditure of 1884-5. The balances on the 30th ult. amounted to £5,643,834, and on May 31, 1884, were £ 7,795,6.34. A general military order, dated May 23, decrees the disappearance of the lance from the weapons of the Austrian army. The Lancers will be transformed into different kinds of light cavalry. On Wednesday evening the annual dinner of the Tower Hamlets Conservative Association and Club took place at the Bow and Bromley Institute, Lord R. Churchill, M.P., presiding. In proposing success to the Conservative cause in the East-end of London, he analysed what he set forth as the ten Ministerial policies in Ireland, eighteen in Egypt, and nine in Afghanistan. With regard to the renewal of the Crimes Act, be expressed no opinion cf his own, but described the position of the Government as illogical and ludicrous, and named a number of respects in which if the Tory party came into power they might be ex- pected to have a distinct policy. They were the real party of peace, retrenchment, and reform, whereas the Liberals were shams, impostors, and humbugs. The Farmer's Review of Chicago estimates the yield of winter wheat crop at two hundred million bushels, and that of spring wheat at one hundred and thirty million bushels. An authority at Milwaukee estimates the winter crop at two hundred and thirty- one million bushels, and places spring wheat at the same figure as the Farmers' Review." On the night of the 30th May an armed band of Arnauts made an incursion into Servia and endeavoured to seize the tax coffers at Buoce. The population rose, and with the help of gendarmes drove off the robbers. The Servian Government has made a remonstrance to the Turkish Envoy at Balgrade, and sent a note to Con- stantinople requesting the Porte to take better measures for guarding the frontier. In accordance with an address of the House of Lords, a return just issued, in the form of a Parliamentary paper, of the titles of the various Acts of Parliament by which the army is governed, together with lists of Orders in Council, of Royal Warrants, of Regulations issued by the Secretary of State for War, and of reports of Royal Commissions and Special Committees on army matters presented to Parliament since 1872. The paper also contains details connected with the terms of en- listment, discharge, extension of service, transfer to the Reserve, re-engagement, pensions, and other matters that were in force at the time of Lord Airsy's Committee in 1879. There was a large congregation at Bicester parish church on Sunday afternoon, when the rural dean (the Rev. J. C. Bloomfield) dedicated to the memory of the late General Gordon a handsome stained glass window, which has just been erected in the choir chapel. It is a very artistic piece of work, representing three Scrip- tural subjects, and underneath is the inscription," To the dauntless Christian Hero of Khartoum," and re- cording that the window was raised by subscriptions from the vicar, churchwardens, choir, and Bible class. In addition to this window, over ;E30has been raised in Bicester towards the Gordon National Memorial Fund. On Tuesday, at the Auction Mart, Messrs. Fare- brother, Elhs, Clark, and Co., offered for sale a number of freehold estates in the neighbourhood of Maiden- head, Great Marlow, and Henley. The property was submitted in 14 lots. The first and second lots, con- taining 145 acres, were offered together, and sold for £ 5100. On the third lot being submitted, a farm, com- prising 123 acres, situated on the London and Reading high road, Sir J. W. Ellis, who conducted the sale, observed that he was well acquainted with the farm, which was in a high state of cultivation. Not long since there would have been no difficulty whatever in disposing of it for X100 an acre, but he was sorry to know that in the present depressed state of agriculture he must now be content with a much less sum. The highest sum offered was £ 5350, on which the property was withdrawn. A wooded estate, containing 165 acres, was next sold for £1500, whilst another farm close to Henley, containing 164 acres, was sold for £7200. Frog Mill Farm, three miles from Henley, con- taining 277 acres, was withdrawn at Bll,900, and the biddings being considered unsatisfactory, the whole of the other lots were withdrawn An article in the North German Gazette declares that Germany has no designs against the independence of the Sultan of Zanzibar. He has, however, it states, laid claim to territory that has been acquired by the German East African Company, and has even ordered his troops to enter that territory. Moreover," con- tinues the North. German Gazette," the Sultan of Zanzibar is taking measures against the Sultan Vitu, who since 1867 has been in friendly relations with Germany." It hopes therefore that British influence will be used to induce him to desist from the course of provocation which he is pursuing." A telegram from Zanzibar states that the German representative has called upon the Sultan to suspend hostilities against the rebel chief Simba, with whom Germany has con- cluded a treaty of alliance. The German Emperor's state of health no longer causes anxiety to his family and people. General de Courcy has arrived at Hanoi to take over the command of the French force in Tonkin from General de L'Isle. The Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen expired at ten o'clock on Tuesday morning. Sir Stafford Northcote spoke at a market ordinary at Bideford on Tuesday afternoon, and afterwards delivered a political speech at Appledore, in which he called upon the people of England to rise and make a change in the spirit of their Government. Mr. Trevelyan, M.P., addressing his constituents at Selkirk, appealed to the electors to return the Liberal party to power by a large majority, so as not to place the country at the mercy of an alliance between Con- servatives and Parnellites. He predicted that the I general election would show that the policy of swagger and defiance in reference to foreign nations had not the approval of the nation. I After having been in a small boat for six days and nights, the crew of the barque Themis, abandoned among the ice in the Atlantic, were picked up by the steamer Missouri. The captain's wife and two children were also saved. Two persons, named Hopkins, husband and wife, were charged at the Surrey Sessions on Tuesday with fraud. A police-sergeant stated that there were hundreds of cases against them, money having been obtained from many distinguished people. The obtained from many distinguished people. The I husband, pleading guilty, was sentenced to fifteen months' imprisonment with hard laboar, the woman was acquitted. A young woman named Smyth was, at Bow-street Police-court on Tuesday, committed for trial for steal- ing a diamond ring in a shop in the Strand. The shopkeeper said he believed she swallowed it. A telegram from Askabad reports the arrival of the first caravan of cotton from Merv for the merchant Kanshin. The quality of the product of the local as well as of the Orleans seed distributed on trial last year is said to be excellent. A souvenir of Victor Hugo is about to be issued in Paris, with the consent of his family, in the shape of a selection of striking passages illustrative of all his principal works, including his odes and ballads. The profits of the work will be devoted to the fund for erecting a national monument of the poet in Paris. Arrangements are being made for the simultaneous issue of the volume in this country. Sixty cases of cholera occurred on Friday in a village near Valencia, and several in that city, the increase of the disease being attributed to the unusual heat which has prevailed in that part of Spain during the past fort- night. The Government Commission has arrived in the district and commenced its investigations, and Dr. Feran has been authorised to conduct his inoculation experiments in the presence of the Commissioners. Lord Brabourne presided at the Criterion on Satur- day evening at a dinner given to Mr. Edmund Yates, and in proposing his health said he would refrain from casting any slight upon the majesty of the law, the sole object of those now assembled being to express sym- pathy and undiminished friendship for Mr. Yates in the misfortune which, without a shadow of moral tur- pitude on his part, had fallen upon him. In responding, Mr. Yates characterised all the circumstances connected with his sojourn in northern latitudes" as a series of regrettable incidents," and expressed the pride which he felt in retaining the regard and esteem of his friends. As a rule popular hymn tunes have not been success- fully introduced into plays. The public has set its face against them, and Lotta last year got into hot water with her patrons for unwittingly offending them in this respect by the introduction of a nigger melody which had before been appropriated by Moody and Sankey. Mr. Irving has dared, however, to introduce a very well- known hymn tune into" Olivia," and, apparently, with favour. When Dr. Primrose gathers his family together to tell them of the trouble that has overtaken him, the bells of the church chime out the melody that is sung to the words "Sun of my soul," the orchestra playing pianissimo the harmonies. The effect is very good, though by the straightlaced will possibly by voted im- proper. Early on Sunday morning a fire broke out at Mr. Spencer's (carver and gilder) shop, Castle-hill, Windsor, opposite Henry VIII.'s Gateway. The local Fire Brigade, the Castle Brigade, the Eton Brigade, and Seaforth High'anders from Victoria Barracks were soon on the spot, but before the flames could be subdued the shop and the station wheie the tickets for the State Apartments are issued were gutted, and several adjoin- ing houses seriously damaged. The Castle Guard turned out and did good service. The property is insured. The origin of the fire is not known. On Saturday the directorate of the Agricultural Hall, London, received the completed returns as to the entries for the forthcoming horse show. They exceed 400, as nearly as possible the same number as last year, and every available stall and space which the hall can provide will be occupied. It has been intimated that, if in town, the Prince and Princess of Wales will visit the show, probably on the opening day, Saturday, June 6th. The results of the Society of Arts' Examinations have just been published. There was a satisfactory increase in the number of candidates, 1208 having presented themselves at 44 centres whereas last year there were 991 candidates and 38 centres. Of these 1208 candi- dates, 953 passed and 255 failed. The number of papers worked was 1321; cf these 145 took first-class certificates, 410 second class, and 474 third-class, while to 292 papers no certificate was awarded. Eleven of the 13 subjects set down for examination were taken up. In two no examination was held, as the requisite number of candidates (25) did not present themselves. The largest number of papers worked (336) was in book- keeping. Other favourite subjects were-Arithmetic, 171; English (including composition and correspond- ence and precis writing), 118; shorthand, 253; theory of music, 243. In French there were 96 candidates, in German only 28. Under the presidency of the Duke of Norfolk, E.M. (who for a second time has accepted that office for the society), the forty-second annual congress of the British Archaeological Association has been fixed to take place at Brighton on the 17th of August next and following days to the 24th, inclusive. By the kindness of the Mayor and Corporation of Brighton, some of the principal municipal rooms of the Pavilion have been placed at the disposal of the association during the week's proceedings, and excursions will be made to Arundel, Chichester, Goodwocd, Cowdray, Bognor, Boxgrove, Worthing, Bosham, Wiston, Steyning, Bramber Castle, Amberley Castle, HolliDgbury Oopse, and other places of interest in South Sussex. There will be the usual extra days arranged for the following week, and which will probably include excursions to Lewes (which the association visited during the Hast- ings congress in 1866), Seaford, Eastbourne, for Hurst- monceaux Castle, Pevensey Castle, and Hastings; a visit, it is also expected, will be made from Newhaven to Dieppe, under the auspices of the Leland Club, thus forming the second excursion to France of that newly- formed antiquarian body. The last report of the Director of Public Relief in Paris states that the total number of persons in re- ceipt of public charity at the end of last year was 123,324, and that, though the figures do not show an increase over those of the last triennial census, the number of persons in receipt of relief was only 90,287 20 years ago, and that the subsequent increase has been greater in proportion than that of the population itself. These 123,324 paupers comprised 47,627 families (menages), of whom only 10,796 were Parisians by birth, 33,644 coming from the country and 3187 from abroad. The number of foreigners relieved is pro- portionately very large, especially among the Belgians and the Germans. The Germans, though not forming 20 per cent. of the total foreign population, number more than 40 per cent. of the foreign paupers, and in one of the districts of Paris out of 1425 German resi- dents, 569 were in receipt of public relief. Every pro- fession contributed its contingent to the total of paupers, the majority of whom, however, were day labourers, shoemakers, carpenters, concierges, uphol- sterers, masons, and tailors upon the male side, and charwomen, dressmakers, seamstresses, washerwomen, concierges, and ragpickers on the female side. In view of the early introduction by the Archbishop of Canterbury of a bill dealing with Church patronage, a large number of advowsons will be submitted to public auction during the next fortnight. Among the better known may be mentioned the advowsons of Walkington, Marchwood, Ryarsh, Addington, and Cransley. At the inquest on the body of Mr. Foss-Smith, a solicitor, who shot himself in a cab, it was shown that he had been suffering from mental depression for some time. The bullet he had fired passed right through the head, notwithstanding which he lived for two hours after inflicting the.wound. The jury returned a. verdict of Temporary insanity." A boy belonging to a barge lying off Whitstable rowed ashore on Saturday to the Coastguard station, and re- ported that the captain, William Usher, had attempted to throw him overboard, and, failing in this, jumped overboard himself, but got back again. An officer of the Coastguard put off to the barge, and on boarding it ound the captain pacing the deck as though raving mad. With assistance the poor fellow was secured and brought ashore, and upon the certificate of a county magistrate he has been removed to a lunatic asylum. The American Secretary of War has ordered the release of the two lieutenants of Riel, who has been apprehended by General Terry. Mr. Gladstone was en Saturday presented with an address from the Littleborough Reform Club on the lawn in front of Hawarden Castle. The Premier, who has been interdicted by his physician from speaking in public, assured the deputation that he would address them if he could, but hewr s totally unable to do 8f). The tight reao the in Hawarden Church on Sunday morning, but his voice was weak. Lord Hatingtcn has quite recovered from his reoint illness. The Greenock Steamboat Quay Extension Works, which have cost £ 60,000, have been completed and formally opened. The Nottingham Corporation has decided, at a cost of £141,000, to purchase a number of small unhealthy tenements in the centre of the town, and to erect upon the spot a hospital at a further expenditure of £ 26,000. A return issued of proceedings under "The Land Law (IrBland) Act, 1881," shows that down to March, this year, there were 115,528 cases of fair rent settled in court, and 82,130 settled out of court. The Dublin Corporation has passed a resolution in favour of desiring to chsnge the names of the borough and Parliamentary divisions, substituting St. Lawrence for Harbour, and St. Stephens for Donnybrook. A telegram from Alexandria says that several friendly tribes are about to join Osman Digna. It is stated that the Mahdi has sent him ten guns, and that he expects a supply of arms and ammunition shortly. Mr. H. H. Fowler, M.P. for Wolverhampton, has been entertained at a banquet by the Mayor, town coun- cillors, and other leading gentlemen of the town. He was presented with a beautifully framed address recog- nising his services to the town and regretting his retire- ment from the council. The fcur-masted steamer, Falls of Earn, which ar- rived in the Clyde on Monday from New York, after a passage of 20 days, had a stormy voyage. A heavy sea swept the deck and injured three seamen, disabling them from work during the remainder of the passage, and the chief mate had a narrow escape from being washed overboard. The ship was considerablj damaged at the bows. At Salisburv a man has been committed for trial for wilful damage. He had entered into the occupation of a house and shortly afterwards proceeded to demolish it by removing the front door, the windows, and the flooring, breaking through the ceihng of one of the rooms, tearing down the lath and plastering, and pulling off a portion of the roof. It was at first thought he was insane, but medical evidence was offered to the contrary. At a meeting of the cable chain makers belonging to South Staffordshire and East Worcestershire districts, held at Rowley on Monday, it was resolved to come out on strike in consequence of the employers refusing to concede an advance of 6d. per cwt. It is contended that the employers have enforced several reductions with the view of improving trade. As the demand is no better, the operatives claim the original prices. The dispute is of great importance to the shipping trade. Lord Randolph Churchill presided at the annual general meeting of the Beaconsfiela Club, when it was determined that, in order to bring the club into closer connectionlVith the Primrose League, members of the League living out of town should be eligible for elec- tion as country members 01 the club. Intelligence has been received in Kirkwall of the death, in Foula, of James Paterson, a crofter cragsman, while engaged in the hazardous task of bird-nesting. His mangled body was found floating in a stream. His fall wa.s over 1500 feet. The first meet of the Coaching Club took place in Hyde-park on Saturday, when twenty-two coaches assembled. A fire broke out on Monday morning in the shop of a tobacconist, in London-read, Manchester. Stevens, the occupier, jumped from a window, and was so injured that he only lived a few minutes. Two firemen i procured a ladder, and, ascending to the third storey, rescued Mrs. Stevens in safety. y A man named Sumner was charged at the Wands- worth Police-court on Monday with fraud. Accom- panied by two other men he had induced a furniture dealer in Battersea to buy from him a bracelet and a necklet, which the prisoner represented to be gold. It was afterwards found that the articles were of mystery gold and comparatively valueless. The prisoner was committed for trial. On Monday a married woman named Thompson, who lives in Rochester-row, was charged at the Westminster Police-court with causing the death of a labourer's wife named Milbank. The deceased lodged with the pri- soner, and a fortnight ago they quarrelled. In the altercation which ensued Mrs. Thompson knocked Mrs. c Milbank down and threw a zinc pail at he", which caused injuries from which the woman died. The pri- soner was committed for trial for manslaughter. The magisterial inquiry info charges preferred against several army contractors and Mr. Aaderson Banks, late quartelmaster, 5th Dragoon Guards, for conspiring to defraud, by not delivering forage and meat at the York Cavalry Barracks, pursuant to con- tract, was opened on Monday. Evidence was produced showing a deficient supply of forage, and a letter was also produced from one of the defendants to Banks, saying, Is it not a fact that you have settled £400 to £ -500 during your stay here ?" The, Mayor or Stratford-on-Avon, presiding at. the police-court at that place on Monday, said that an attempt had been made by the defendant who was then before the court to bribe him. The defendant had written offering to present him with a valuable oil painting which he had in his possession if he would look over a prosecution for selling drink without a license. The defendant having been convicted of the offence, the Mayor said he would consider whether the defendant had not forfeited his license by his attempt to bribe a magistrate. An influential meeting was held at Glasgow on Mon- day—the Provost presiding—at which resolutions were adopted declaring the absolute necessity for defending the estuary of the Clyde, suggesting the erection of land forts, and protection by gunboats, torpedo boats, and men-of-war, and asking the Government to give capitation grants to meet the expenses of volunteer naval and artillery brigades while on service. Admiral Hamilton supported the movement, and satisfaction was expressed at the fact that the Government had already taken initiatory steps for the defence of the Clyde. At Whitehaven on Monday, a gipsy, calling herself Selina Grey, was charged under the Vagrancy Act with having obtained £ 105 17s. 6d. by fortune telling. The prisoner went to the farm of Mr. Iredale, Moor-row, near Whitehaven, twelve months ago, and ingratiated herself with the housekeeper, a single woman cf nearly ( sixty years of age. She offered to rule the planets," t' so that the woman should have, in a short time, an offer of marriage from a young a.nd wealthy gentle- man." At various periods the prisoner called at the house and received sums varying from 7s. to 138. She was to have received her last claim of £ 30 last Friday night, but on entering Mr. Iredale's house she was arrested.—The magistrates now sentenced her to three months' hard labour.
THE MARKETS. MARK LANE. The grain trade at Mark-;&ne was dull and weak, being influenced by the improved state of the weather, the weak- ness at New York, and fair supplies. English w -eat was dull of sale, and Is to 2s per quarter lower on the week. A similar decline took place in the value of foreign w' eat, tie inquiry for which was limited. Flour, dull market country qualities fell 6d to Is per ssek. Trans- actions in barley were limited. Grindin* may bs written 6d to Is lower. Oats declined about Is per Quarter on the week, and were not much wanted. Maize was dull of sale, and 6d to Is per quarter easier. Beans, peas, and lentils all declined Cd to Is per quarter. METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET. The total imports of foreign stock into London hst week amounted to 13,195 head. In the corresponding period last year we received 20,530; in 1883, 27,753 in IS-S, 15,063; in 1831, 10,061 in IS80, 27,283; in 1879, 20,072 in 187&, 11.081 in 1877, 10, *90. At Liverpool there were received 705 be sts from Baltimore. Thecatt'e trade has le n very quiet. Moderate supplies were offei iug, and prices tended in buyers' favour, i he fresh supplies of beasts from our own grazing districts we: e only moderate. The demand was very dull throughout, and prices were weak. The best Scots and crosses made 5s to 5s 2d per bib., but many good animals went at a lower figura. Wit'a reference to foreign beasts the fre=H arrivals were short, but equal to the demand, which lacked activity, and prices ruled weak. The sheep pens were moderately well filed. There rvas a slow trale at drooping prices. The best Downs and bar-breeds nisde 5s 8d to 5s ikd per SIbs. Lambs ere inactive Lt 6s Sd to 7s. per Elbs. Calves and p:gs sold at about late prices. Coarse and inferior bea:t-, 4s to 4s 6d; second quality ditto, 4s 6d to 4s 8d prime large oxen, 4s 10d to 5s Scots, &c 5s to 5s 2d coarse and iuferior sheep, 4s 10d to 5s 2d seconds, 5s 2d to 5s 4d; prime coarse-wool'ed ditto, 5s 6d to 5s 8d; prime Southdown ditto, 5s 8d to 5s lOd lamb?, 6s 8d to 7s large coarse calves. 4s 101 to 5s 6d prime small ditto, 5s 6d to Gs large hogs, 3s Cd to 4s and feat small porkers, 4s to 4s 6d per Sib to sink the oSal. Total supply.—English: Beasts, 2360; sheep and lambs, 11,460; calves. 180; milch cows, 30. Foreign; Beasts, 490; calves, 30. From the Midland and Hostie Counties we received S70 beasts; from Korfolk, Suffolk, and Essex, 1000 b-asts from Scotland. ISO beasts and from Canad«, 80 beasts. METROPOLITAN MEAT MASSET. There was a moderate supply on fate. The trade was exceedingly slow generally, although for prime small sheep and lambs a fair demand prevailed at and above top quotations. Prices Inferior beef, 2s 8d to 3s 4d middling ditto, 3s 4d to 3s lOd; prime large ditto 4s Od to 4s id; prime sm;ll ditto, 4s Od .to 4s 6d veal, 4s Od to 4s 4d; inferior mutton, 3s 4d to 4s middling ditto, 4s to 4s 8d; prime ditto. 4s 8d to 5s 8d; large pork, 3s 2d to 3s 6d; small ditto, 4s Od to 4s 6d lamb, 6s to 6s 8d per 81b by the carcase. FISH. A moderate supply, with a quiet demand. Prices Sal- mon, Is Sd to 2s soles, Is to Is 2d slips, 8d to lOd ee's. 10d to 1 s 2d; halibut, td to Sd; brill, 5d to 7d; turbot, 7d tolOd; cod, 3d to sd; roker, 3d; plaice, 3d to 4d; fresh haddock, 2d to 4d: dried lin;, 4d; lemon soles, 6d crimped skate, 4d to 6d hake, 4d; and conger eel, 3d to 4d per Ib mackerel, 2d to 6d; lobsters, 9d to 2s Cd crabs, 3d to 2s each. POTATO. A fa\r supply of potatoes were on ofEer. There was a moderate demand, as folio ws Scotch regents, 80s to IGOs KenG- ditto, 70s to 95s; Victorias, 70s to 95s; magnum bcuurus. 50s to 60s champions, 50s to 60s per ton. New- Jersey kidneys, lth- to 2 e Malta round, 8s tc 9s per cwt.