A JOURNEY THROUGH SENEGAL. Dr. Colin, a doctor in the French navy, has just returned from an expedition to the Western Soudan, having explored a portion of the valley of the Faleme, one of the principal affluents of the Senegal, and the auriferous region between that river and the Bafing. He started from Podor on the 24th of June, 1883, with a convoy of twelve negroes and twelve beasts of burden, following the left bank of the Senegal as far as Bakel and crossing the Fouta, where the natives of the Toucouleurs tribe gave them a great deal of trouble. His only white companion also injured himself at this point and had to go back to St Louis. From Bakel Dr. Colin made his way to Senudebu, at one time a French fort, but now unoccupied. As the Toucouleurs men who accompanied him refused to enter the Malinke territory, he left his beasts of burden and material there and made his way to the French station at Medina, where he found a fresh convoy. At Dialafara, the capital of the Tam- baoura, he was very cordially received by the ehief of that country, who signed a treaty placing himself under the protectorate of France, with the exclusive right to make roads and work the gold mines, which Dr. Colin described as being very valuable. The natives are, he said, very much in- clined to open commercial relations with France, so as to be able to send their products to the factories of the Senegal. The Malinkes, to whom Dialafara belongs, are described by him as believing in a superior Power, but as not practising any outward rite. The negro type predominates among them, but there are also many who have intermarried with Arabs. From Dialafara Dr. Colin proceeded to Kassama, the capital of the Diebedugu, situated a day's march from Kundian, one of the strongest cities in the States of the King of Segu. Dr. Colin was the first European to visit this place, and he was so well received by the King that he remained there a month, studying the resources of the country, which, he says, abounds with cattle, indigo, cotton, and guttapercha. The two thousand Malinkes of Kassama live in peace with the Toucouleurs of Kundian, though, as a rule, the two tribes are very hostile to one another. The gold mines are about six miles to the south of Kassama, at the foot of the mountain chain which divides the valleys of the Faleme and the Bafing. The gold is exchanged for salt, of which there is none in the country, and 12s. worth of gold can be had for a quantity of salt worth only Is. at St. Louis. From Kassama Dr. Colin explored the course of the river Faleme, and his description of this stream and of the valley through which it runs should have great attrac- tions for the hunters of big game, as elephants, lions, panthers, wild cattle, and antelopes are very abundant there. Returning to Bakel for fresh provisions, he found it impos:ible again to ascend the Faleme as he had intended, owing to the rainy season setting in, so he made his way down to St. Louis, taking with him the son of the King of Kassama, who came to offer allegiance to France on behalf of his father. He also had as his companion from Bakel to St. Louis a Moor from Timbuctoo, who had been deputed by the corporation of merchants there to ask the Governor of St. Louis to open a trade route to their city by the Niger. This Moor stated that if such a route were to be opened all the trade of Tim- buctoo would pass that way instead of through Morocco, and he added that the upper waters of the Niger are navigable from Timbuctoo to Bamaku.
ART EDUCATION IN THE WEST OF ENGLAND. Sir Philip Cunliffe Owen, director of the South Kensington Museum, has during the last few days visited some towns in the West of England with a view of promoting art education and encouraging the communities to give a more generous support to their schools of art. On Friday night he distributed the prizes and certificates at Tiverton, and on Saturday afternoon he discharged a similar duty at Weston- super-Mare, in the presence of a numerous and re- presentative company. The meeting was presided over by the rector, the Rev. Prebendary Buckle, who is president of the School of Art. The chairman said a few words, expressing satisfaction with the progress made by the school, and the hope that as one result of the meeting they would before long have a build- ing which would worthily represent art in the town. Mr. A.. Lewis, the head master, read a short report, showing that the number of students had increased from 73 in 1883 (when the first school year termi- nated) to 140 in the present term. The school took a high position in the second grade examinations last year, having one of the three highest percentages of passes in the whole kingdom. This year it was not quite so successful; nevertheless it compared favourably with many older schools. Sir Philip Owen said he appeared there by desire of Lord Carlingford, Lord President of the Council, and Mr. Mundella, with the view of stimulating the people of the growing and flourishing town of Weston-super-Mare to provide an art school more worthy of the town, and, if possible, to add to it go museum. It was absolutely necessary, he submitted, for this country to encourage the study of drawing in view of the efforts of foreigners to compete with us, and because a knowledge of drawing was most necessary for the development of art applied to in- dustry. Why, he asked, was the silk trade dead at Macclesfield ? Because the ladies would have their silks from France. The manufacturers of Maccles- field were nearly all engaged in producing fichus and silks for the French market, and they could not be sold in England until they came back from Paris. He urged the ladies of this country to ask for Eng- lish silks instead of saying they wanted only French, goods. The speaker advocated the establishment ot art schools and museums side by side, and told his audience that if they would provide a suitable building the authorities at South Kensington would place the institution upon the permanent list, which meastf; that they would have a fresh collection of objects for the museum every year.
ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY.—Lord Randolph Churchill and Dr. Bain were on Saturday nomii^i^d tgt th? 5cwd Rectorship of Aberdeen University,
( tALL EIGHTS RESERVED.] AMBITION'S LADDER. By the Author of Atherstone Grange," A Life for a Love,"$~c. CHAPTER XXVI. A LINK IN THE CHAIN. Brother, I said t knew thee! Thou forgotfsfe Thy sister's little face to woman's grown; But I remembered thine enough to feel 'Twas something once had been familiar denr. THERE is one drawback, however, that I haven't mentioned to you," Mr. Sartoris resumed, after a -short conversation with his friend as to the plan on 'whieh their search should be conducted. What is it F" Only that, should you succeed, it will be at tho expense of another person, who would lose all Jhat .-young Mainwaring gains." Indeed How is that ?" In answer to which question George Sartoris briefly recapitulated the terms of Mr. Mainwaring's will, and explained Eveline Trenchard's position iunder it. "I don't even know," he added, "whether she is aware of the true state of the case, but rather fancy she has no suspicion that anything can occur to deprive her of the money." If that be so it was cruel to keep her in Ignorance," said Lord Lynwood. But the fact makes no difference in the matt r of right-doing." Perhaps not, looking at the matter from an -abstract point of view," drily remarked his friend. I Still I doubt whether Eve will be inclined to view it altogether from such a point." The will does not leave her absolutely penniless, you say, under any circumstances ?" Well, no. But the difference between an ample fortune and a bare subsistence is consider- able, you know, and she might fancy herself illused." What is she like P" In looks, do you mean ? Oh, passable. At- tractive, I think, and rather inclined to be romantic so perhaps she would be rather pleasel than other- wise to find herself the victim of unmjrited misfortune." Misfortune is hardly the word when a matter 01 right or wrong is in question." "Ah! I confess there you go slightly beyond me," observed Mr. Fartoris, relapsing into his usual manner of speech. It may be all very fine and very heroic to do right irrespective of consequences —no doubt it is so—but the result may be decidedly unpleasant, for all that." Which all goes to mean, I presume, that you are beginning to repent already quietly remarked Lord Lynwood. If so, tell me plainly, and-" "N 0, hang it all! I don't nsean that," petulantly broke in Mr. Sartoris. "But what is a fellow to aay? I can't help pitying poor lit Ie Eve. It would be deuced hard lines for her, poor girl! But as you say, right's right, and so, if Fiat justitia is to be the motto I adopt, there's no more to be said on the matter." 1 You will give, tm your help, then ?*' So far as 1 can be of any, service I am with you, Lynwood," replied Mr. Sartoris, extending his hand, which the other took. "I never did put myself out of the way for anyone before perhaps I might have been a better man if I had done so more frequently. However, it's never too late to mend. You've stirred me up, old fellow, but I dare- say you'll have to keep me to the scratch at any rate I shall consider you as responsible for me from this time forth Going now ? Must vou really-# I have letters to write." And I some to read. By the way, I don't know which is 7ea'ly the greatest bore. You're alone, I "suppose f" Quite." Then take pity on 'me and dine here. We'll only have Edwards to wait Ulon us and perhaps joins in our counsels." "Is he to be trusted, do you think?" asked Lynwood. With untold gold, I firmly believe," was the emphatic reply. Although the beginning of our acquaintance was brought about by his making an -attempt to pick my pocket." And yet you believe in him ?" Implicitly. Aft er all, the only point of difference between Ed war(lrJ and the rest of his fraternity is that he began where they leave off. Edwards i< the best servant I ever had, and we shan't part in a hiiro y, T promise you." I shall make no attempt to deprive you of such a treasure, depend upon it," said Lord Lynwood smiling, and then, repeating his promise for the evening, left the room, whereupon Mr. Sartoris summoned his servant and gave him directions for 'dinner. • Pon't bother me about details," he said. Take care that we've something lit to eat, that's all, and that the claret is properly warmed. For the rest, I give you carte blawhe.' Vfry well, sir." And Edwards quietly departed, leavinghi-maj'^r to open the pile of letters that lav beside him on the table. Very short work did George Sartoris make '•of most of them, till at length lie picked up ore • oi which he at once re ognized his father's hand- writing. "Hllo! what can the governo.r have to say?' he muttered, breaking the seal-for the elder Mr. bartons had an old-fashioned s. orn for the modern .adhesive envelope—and opening the ,hpet of papei began to read, his features betraying no small amoent of wonderment as he proceeded. I hardly know whether it is much use writing .to you," the letter went on after a few lines of unimportant matter; but if you can for once get up an interest in something outside your own com- fort and convenience, I shall be glad of your assistance. I want some enquiries made for me in France, that you, with your intimate knowledge of >the country and language, will probably he able to manage very much better than I under any circumstances could do, even if I felt capable for the task. But the years are beginn'ng to tell upon 'me, George, apropos of which dismal reminder 1 • should be glad if you could be with me a little oftener than you have been. Perhaps I have been as much to blame in the matter as you, b; t however that may be, it would ma- e me h ppier to know "that in the future—however widely as-nder our past lives have drifted—there is a prospect that we .may be more united. But I had no intention of alluding to this subject when I sat down to write. Howe,er, I out ■ of the fulness of the heart the mouth speaketh,' so let it stand as it has escaped me. To explain what I require of you I must trouble you with rather a 'long letter, and perhaps repeat circumstances already familiar enough to you. Still, it is better to be prolix iihan obscure. Iwant you to throwbackyourmemory to a long-past date, and recall what you can of that miserable time when poor Gertrude disappeared. You know, of course, that all the steps I took then and afterwards to diaco er what hal be' ome of her were fruitless, and you know also that unless she be found—if alive -to say what has become of the boy, •or if—which is much to be feared-she no longer lives and has left no evidence by whi-h, in the "event of his being discovered, his identity may be legally proved, it is possible a great wrong may Ve .committed on an unoffending man; and it is that wh'ch I fear now, for I think we-or rather Sampson, for, to tell the truth, I have only lately been ,converted to his view—have actually found the TnJssing heir." To alirm that George Sorters was surprised by the time he had read so much of his father's letter would be to give but a faint idea of his feelings. The co'ncidence was unlooked for, so entirely be- wildering, that he read the last few lines over a rain before he could quite stticify himself as to theii reality. p t De ^reamiT1 S, I fancy he muttered. But it was no dream, as he soon convinced him- self on resuming the letter, however strange. It would take too long a time to go into the whole story now," he went on to read, especially as I hope you will soon give me the opportunity of repeating it to you by word of mouth, when I can- enter into fuller explanations than are possible within the limits of a letter. At the same time, I must make you so far acquainted with the outlines of its leading features as to enable you to aid us in the search for that evidence which, if Sampson's belief is correct—and I am coming more and more to th'nk that it is undoubtedly exists in the shape of do rmcnts. The manner in which Sampsons s M; i-iens were first excited was in itself remarkable. Ac, ido. tally taken to see a boy who was lying dangerously ill in a villainous den by the riverside, ius a, tention was immediately aroused by the strong resemblance which he declared he at once perceived the invalid tore to my lost ward, and he made en, itiriee which went far to con:i i-in his belief. Of the jboy's parentage he could learn nothing more than that he was an orphan, whose mother had drowned herself— at least, so it was said, though there were circumstances of such a suspicious nature about the case as rendered it doubtful whether the poor creature had not met with foul play. At any rate, she was dead, and the boy yvas afterwards pro- tected by a youth of more than questionable antecedents, but good appearance, who told Samp- son plainly that he held proofs of his proteqe's birth, and promised to produce them, but when, depending on his promise, I accompanied the doctor for the purpose of sifting his story, we found the bird had flown, and a few days afterwards a letter reached us from him saying that he was on his way to Australia, and had left Leonard-for so the boy was called—another strong presumption in favour of Sampson's theory--in safe hands till we should claim him. Since then nothing has ever been heard from or of the fellow who professes to hold the proofs we require; but Sampson claimed the boy as he had promised, and has since brought him upashis adopted son. He is now a young man, well educated and talented, and objectionable in nothing save the shadow of uncertainty that surrounds his indentity, in spite of which shadow, owever, he has chosen te fall in love with Eve, who -if the truth be as we aiispect-ix his cousin, and will soon, unless our suspicions can be change! to certainty, possess the fortune that should rightful y belong to kim. Whether Eve returns his love is a point not so easy to decide upon just yet, for I felt it my duty to forbid any engagement or even a declaration on his part for the present, and he has in the meantime gone to Australia in the hope a vain one, I fear- of seeking out the man who professes to possess what information is needed to give him a name and recognized place in the world. I fay, 1 fear it is a useless journey. Leonard started about four months ago, and Sampson went to see him off at Southampton, where, in the docks, having disembarked almost the same minute that the -Hesperus." steamed out of harbour, he encountered a man whose face struck him at the time as being strangely familiar, and who, an after in ident convinced him, was no other than he in search of whom his adopted son had left England. Th s conclusion was arrived at through another person, an inspector of police, named Pounceby, who had also seen and recognised Alick Wood, and sticks stu bornly to his story, though the man he recognised gives himself out to be an actor, and calls himsolfij Clarence Woodville. But Mr. Clarence Woodville was soon lost sight of, and it has only just come to our knowledge through Pounceby that he is in France, accompanied by a young woman who calls herself Laura Staunton, but who is really, we believe—though there may be some mistake on this point—one Caroline Bradley, who certainly went to Australia with him. "Such is the position (,f affairs at present, and now for the way in which I think you might aid us. Pounceby is convinced that his errand in France is some piece of rascality, but we are so completely in the dark that it is impossible to take any steps against the scoundrel. Can you, will you rouse yourself so much as to endeavour to find out where he is and what he is doing ? I know of course that the task may not be an easy one with such limited information to go upon, but the French police have more experience, more means at their command for tracing people tlian we care to employ over here, and I think if you go to work with a will there is a chance of success. What is to follow I don't quite see at present, bat the first and most important step is to find Mr. Clarence 'y oodville, and we can then decide what further steps must be taken. That, however, I will leave to your judgment, and trust that you will help us by every possible means." "That I will," exclaimed George Sartoris. And perhaps more successfully than you imagine. By George the governor couldn't have dreamt how opportune all this is." But he had not quite reached the close of his father's long epistle, and read on. "Sampson has written to Leonard advising him to return to England immediately. A letter has also been received from him announcing his safe arrival in Melbourne, so that we shall probably see him back very shortly. Eve is going to Scotland to pay a visit to her aunt, who has expressed a wish to that effect, and as the old lady is not badly off in this world's goods, and Eve is her nearest relative, it is advisable to accept the offer. Besides, to speak plainly, the girl is rather beyond my power of control, and would be better looked after by one of her own sex. I have been looking out for a com- panion for her, and such a cartload of applications as I was pestered w:th !-but my choice was soon made in the shape of a young Irishwoman — a Miss Laura Desmond- Desmond! 'Where have I heard that name latelj. ?" mused George Sartoris. who appears to be a very sensible, well-educated person. Bather young perhaps but that is hardly a fault. She starts with Eve for the north next week. Let me hear from you soon, and see you, tdt), once more. Not that I imagine I am going to leave you directly, but when a man is nearly seventy there's no telling what may occur." And with a few more words the letter closed. Poor old boy muttered George Sartoris, as he read the concluding lines. I suppose he does feel himself rather lonely. I really must manage to go and see h m before long. But in the meantime I must do my best to ferret out this Mr. Clarence Woodville, or, rather—what's his confounded name again? By Jove!" he exclaimed, as another reference to the letter answered his question, Alick Wood Why—that's the very fellow that Edwards vows vengeance on Here's a coil! And the woman Here, Edwards, where are you ?" The man entered upon this summons, and Mr. Sartoris began hastily to question him. Look here he said, in some little excitement, Ie I'm inclined to think your imagination has not been playing you a trick after all." In what manner, sir ?" Just read that and you will see what I mean." Edwards took the letter his master held out to him, folded down at that portion referring to Alick Wood and his sister. "You must help me in this, Edwards," said Mr. Sartoris. I'll do my best, sir," replied the man, vindic- tively. Both for my own sake and yours. But how p" Ah, that is the question. But we'll settle on some plan this evening, after I have consulted Lord Lynwood. Meanwhile, there is just the poMiblity that you may encounter your ghost again, and that would simplify matters very much." That such an event was so near at hand, however, Mr. Sartoris little suspected. Edwards left him almost immediately, and was crossing the corridor on his way downstairs, when a door opened, and a lady, quietly, but richly, dressed, stepped out. He stood respectfully aside to allow her to pass, when their eyes met with a sudden flash of mutual recognition. Carrie!" Ned The words broke from tht-m simultaneously, and the next moment they were locked in each other's trms, much to the amarement of Lord Lynwood, who happened to be on his way out, and was au involuntary witness of the scene. CHAPTER XXVII. WARDED. What the yea. s mean how time dies and. is not slain r How Lv grows, irnd laughs and cries, and waue, again- These were things she c me to kuow, ant t ke their 1; e-i-ur. [T was certainly beyond any question a strange fatality that made Leonard Grant start on his journey to the oth-r side of the world on the very day almost the self-same hour, indeed—that saw thi; man for whom he sought set foot once more upon the shore of England for it is hardly worth whi!e to attempt so much of mystery as to conceal Ih'1 fact that neither Doctor Sampson nor Pounceby had erred in their recognition of the whilom Alick Wood. They were, however, each in fault as to the identity of his companion -a fat which the sharp eyes of Mr. Pounceby would have dete-ted at once had he seen the supposed Carrie Bradley but the probability in favour of the Doctor's assertion being correct was so great that -nearly for the first time in his life-Pounceby accepted it without hesitation, when a very slight amount of investiga- tion would have satisfied him to the contrary. Still, his mistake was not without excuse. Dr. Sampson had told him that he saw Alick Wood and Carrie with him, and having personally satisfied himself that the first part of this assertion was well founded, he jumped rather hastily at the conclusion that its sequel was equally so. In point of fact this was not the case. Mr. Clarence Woodville to use the florid-sound- ing lame which our young adventurer had assumed —may be regarded from either point of view which soems best to tMOIta who take any interest in his fortunes. First, as he called himseif the victim of circumstances in being forced by hard fortune to forego what good resolutions he had made to reform, or—and this is probably nearer the truth-as an unprincipled, selfish scoundrel, whose only objection to actual crime lay in the consequences that attach thereto. So far, indeed, as his nature would permit, he had at one time loved the girl who had trusted herself so entirely to him; but as he grew older the boyish affection faded, and he neglected, even ill- used her at times, till gradually they became more and more alienated. Not that Carrie shared his feelings in this respect. Frem time immemorial women have borne, still bear, and will for ever bear such wrong, going on to the end in blind love and patient submission to th- ir wrongers; and there was one all-powerful motive which for a long time prevented any absolute rupture between these two. On her side, all-enduring love on his, interest. He could not afford to openly quarrel with and leave her, for Carrie brought in no mean share to the common stock. In the earlier portion of this history it has been shown that Alick Wood pos- sessed a great liking for the theatre and accident, almost immediately on his arrival at the antipodes, afforded him an opportunity to indulge his youthful longings, and gratify the darling ambition that he had long cherished to become an actor. The means by which this result was brought abo it have no particular interest in themselves to warrant any such interruption as their telling would in vol: e. Enough to say that it was only in a very humble capacity—as a super, indeed—that he made his first appearance on the boards. But actors were at a premium in Australia in those days The company was limitedin number, and Alick Wood, sharp and intelligent, soon attracted the notice of the stage- manager Promoted to speak a few lines, he acquitted himself so well that he was regularly engaged, and soon blossomed into Clarence W ood- ville, leading-man at the very theatre where he had made his first appearance carrying a banner. But if his success was great, that achieved by Carrie was still more surprising and pronounced. A fair actor, and nothing more, Alick-or rather let us use the name he chose to adopt-Clarence Woodville was utterly destitute of that divine fire" which can alone elevate a man above his fel- lows, and which from her very earliest appearance lifted Carrie at once into the highest ranks of the profession she also had chosen. More on her ac- count, therefore, than his, engagements were eagerly pressed upon the two; and almost at a bomd they found themselves placed in a position far exceeding their expectations, in the possession of means amply sufficient for comfort, and even a moderate degree of luxury. But there are some natures that are never content, and Clarence Woodville's was one of them. Ex- travagant in his habits, recklessly profuse when his personal gratification was concerned, the incove, which but a short time back he would have looked upon as absolute riches soon assumed less glittering proportions. He saw men on every side of him scattering gold in reckless profusion—successful squatters, lucky gold-diggers—and envied the r command of the yellow dross, felt aggrieved that he could not Jaunch out into like lavishness of ex- penditure, and fling money right and left as others did. By and by, indeed, he had a prospect before him in the shape of what reward he might eytort from Leonard Grant as the price of the proofs that were necessary to establish his position, but while the grass grows," &c., and meanwhile an unlooked-for chance opened a dazzling vision before the eyes of Mr. Clarence Woodville that promised him a future of luxury and ease without the trouble of working.for these th:ngs. There was only one drawback to the schomo, in that some degree of danger attached to it; but that seemed so slight-if the plan was only carried out carefully-that he determined to risk it. For all his pro "ession of honesty, he was at heart a rogue, and, although he had a wholesome fear of cone- quences, was troubled with very few scruples as to what means he employed for making money so long as that end was attained, and in the present instance success seemed almost a matter of certainty. What was the scheme upon which he founded such hopes may be told in a very few sentences. Unknown to Carrie, he had been for some time carrying on an intrigue with a girl who was half companion, half lady's maid to one Madame Despard. This lady died r .ther suddenly, and having led a very secludeJ We and cultivated no acquaintances, besides having no relations living, or likely to trouble themselves about her (the actual truth of her origin being that she was one of those earlier inhabitants of the colony who had arrived there at Government expense as a convict, and been assigned in service to M. Despard, a prosperous hotel-keeper, who was won by her handsome face and figure to make her his wife), there was nobody to interfere and prevent Laura Desmond from taking possession of her dead mis- tress's effects. There were not many, it appeared at first sight—much less, indeed, than was to be expected from the fact that M. Deal ard had cer- tainly died with the reputation of being one of the richest men in the colony, though his widow had lived in an almost miserly fashion. What had become of the old Frenchman's money, however, was soon disclosed to Clarence Woodville when he, in concert with her late companion, came to ransack the desk and read what letters had been left by Madame Despard. Frum these they learned that before his death M. Despard had invested a large sum in the purchase of an estate near his native city of Rouen; that his widow had since regularly transmitted to an agent there the bulk of her income to be invested in French securities, all the vouchers for which were duly remitted to her and that she had left behind her, to say nothing of the chateau and grounds bought by her late husband, a fortune amounting to nearly two millions of francs! The two conspirators learned more than this. They learned that Madame Despard had, some twenty years before, in the first year of her mar riage, given birth to a child- a girl—who would now, if she had lived, been just about the age of Laura Desmond. That child had died, however, in infancy; but there were the certificates of its birth, baptism, and-burial. Abrilliant idea occurred to Clarence Woodrille. Could not the last be suppressed, and armed with the two former, with the knowledge they both had of the whole subject and the deceased woman's history, Laura Desmond assume the identity of her who would, if she had lived, inherited so much wealth ?" And he found a willing coadjutor when he broached this idea to Laura Desmond. It was a daringly devised scheme, and prospered apparently without any fear of detection when, in pursuance of it, Clarence Woodville quitted Aus tralia, leaving Carrie to her fate, and accompanied the impostor to France to prosecute her false claim. Prospered for a time, in spite of the fact that strong efforts were made to upset it by a certain M. Michel Despard, a cousin, who would have succeeded to the whole property but for the fraud that was being practised. And that it was a fraud M. Michel was abso- lutely convinced—though, to speak truth, he would have been equally so had it been otherwise but the proofs adduced were so overwhelming, the case so entirely without a flaw, that though he was naturally averse to resigning without a struggle the riches he had so long regarded as prospectively his own, wisdom showed him the folly of contesting the claim, and induced him to welcome hia new- found cousin with an affection of goodwill that by no means blinded that young lady to his real sentiments. But what he thought mattered little. A few more days and the matter would be finally decided in her favour, and then for a life of luxury and enjoyment, which Clarence Woodville had of course arranged to share, and the details of which they were discussing one morning at breakfast, when the door quietly opened and a woman entered the room so noiseles-ly that it was wma minutes before its former occupants saw her. (To it continued.)
ALEXANDER III. OF SCOTLAND.—A movement, which is influentially supported, has been set on foot with the view of erecting a memorial to Alexander III. of Scotland over the precipice at King's Craig, Fifeshire, which was the scene of the monarch's death in 1286. JUST UGOOD AS DIVORCED.—A well-known Detroit clergyman, who has one of the largest congregations in town, as well as the largest capacity to appreciate a joke, relates that one day last week he was called on to marry a couple. His catechism of the prospec- tive bridegroom was satisfactory, and he then turned his attention to the lady. Have you ever been married ?" was asked. "Yes, sir." Husband dead ?" No, sir." Are you divorced ? N-o-no-nOt exactly, but I'm just as gocd as divorced. My hUt- band left me, and besides, we never paid the minisUr for wwrVW as.
SENDING A CORPSE TO THE HOME SECRETARY. Last week a corpse was sent to the Home Secretary (Sir Wm. Harcourt) under circumstances explained in the evidence given at a preliminary inquiry held by Mr. A. Braxton Hicks, coroner, at the Sessions House, Westminster. John Horton, resident office-keeper at the Home Office, Whitehall, stated that on the previous Sunday afternoon, about two o'clock, he re- ceived a package, consisting of a deal box with a piece of cord round it, and bearing a hatter's label. It also bore a parcel ticket of the Great Northern Railway from King's-cross, showing that it came from Great Ponton Station, the carriage being paid. It was ad- dressed, The Home Secretary, Whitehall, London, S.W. and in a corner of the label was the word Perishable." Witness sent a messenger to the resi- dence of Sir W. V. Harcourt, but subsequently, being suspicious about the matter, and not caring to take in such packages without inquiry, he opened the box, when he found the body of a newly-born female child wrapped in a clean white sheet. He then communi- cated with the police at King-street Station. Witness produced a letter which he was directed by the Under Home Secretary to bring before the Court. It was a letter addressed to the Home Secretary by the parents of the child. The Coroner said that the witness had better retain the letter for the present, as it was desirable, although he was acquainted with the contents, that they should for the present be withheld. Further evidence having been given as to the body of the child being received at the Home Office from a railway servant, Mr. Thomas Bond, F.R.C.S., who made a post-mortem examination, stated that the body was that of a still- born and deformed child, being minus the thumb on the right hand. The child had been attended at birth. Inspector Andrews said that he made inquiries, and believed that he should be able to trace the parties who were concerned in sending the body of the child. The Coroner remarked that it was a dis- graceful thing for persons to send with impunity such packages, and he would, therefore, adjourn the case for further investigation. The inquiry was resumed on Wednesday, when the Rev. John Mirehouse, rector of Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, recognised the box produced as one sent by him and addressed to the Home Secretary on Nov. 1. His man-servant directed it. It was within his knowledge that it contained a child. The parents asked him what was to be done, with the body, the churchyard having been closed by an order in Council. He advised them to take it to the parish clerk, and have it buried in a field forming the site of the pro- posed new burial ground, but, recollecting the ground had not been sanctioned by the Home Secretary to be opened, he went to the residence of the father and told him he might send the body to his (witness's) house. Elizabeth Faulkner, the servant, accordingly brought it to him in a starch box. Having no burial- place, and for the purpose of calling the Secretary of State's attention to the urgency of the case, he sent it to the Home Office. The parents bad no knowledge of this. Their churchyard bad been closed since Aug. 31, and they bad been put to great inconvenience, having to beg and pray to be allowed to bury their dead in the neighbouring churchyards. The certifi- cate (produced) was signed by Dr. Evans. Witness himself handed the box to Mr. Farr, the station- master at Great Ponton, having taken it to the station in his carriage. By a Juror: It did not occur to him to place a piece of paper on the wrapper round the body, saying This contains the body of a child." He bad been in communication with the Home Secretary on the subject of a new burial-ground. He had offered a site for a cemetery. He was unmarried. Jerry Cooper, a labourer, living at Colsterworth, said he had no knowledge of what was going to be done with the body. He was very much annoyed when he heard that it bad teen sent to London. By his direction the following letter was written To the Right Hon. Sir William Harcourt, Secretary of State.—Jerry Cooper, labourer, regrets that the Rev. J. Mirehouse has taken the body of his stillborn child, without his knowledge and consent, and for- warded the same to the Home Office, addressed to the Home Secretary. He expected that the same would be interred." Mr. A. J. Lawrence, barrister, on behalf of the Rev. J. Mirehonse, offered a full and ample apology to the Home Secretary, the coroner, and the jury for the exceedingly indiscreet act which the rev. gen- tleman now felt he had committed. The Coroner said he thought the Rev. J. Mire- house had made an unfortunate mistake. It seemed to him than an apology was scarcely sufficient, for it was a disgraceful thing to dispose of a body in that way. The jury found that the child was stillborn, and severely censured the rev. gentleman on his conduct in the m'atter. The Coroner said the facts of the case were so clear that it was unnecessary for him to censure the rev. gentleman, because he must feel that he had been guilty of an extraordinary act. His expenses and those of his witnesses would be disallowed.
THE FRUIT GARDEN. Dr. Hogg's Fruit Manual acquired a place long since on the best shelf amongst the English horticul- tural classics. The publication of a fifth edition, warm, as it were, on the heels of the Apple Congress, is an interesting event. [" The Fruit Manual: a Guide to the Fruit and Fruit Trees of Great Britain. By Robert Hogg, LL.D., F.L.S. Fifth Edition. 171, Fleet-street.] It contains 150 pages more matter than the last edition-numbering 759 pages in all; and in the pages 2575 varieties of fruit are described and characterised. The relative importance of the fruits agrees pretty nearly, but not exactly, with the numbers of varieties in cultivation. We say not exactly, because fruits differ in degrees of variability, and the preservation and naming of varieties depends very much, though not entirely, on their possession of merits to recommend them for some particular conditions or purposes. It may be assumed for the sake of argument that there are as many currant trees as apple trees in orchards and gardens. As a matter of fact the currant trees outnumber the apple trees considerably, but we will assume equality of numbers to simplify an interesting consideration. The apple is a variable fruit, the variations running through a gamut of size as well as a gamut of colour, while of flavour we will say nothing. Between a Downton Pippin and an Ecblin ville Seedling, what a difference! But they are specifically the same, just as the tiny toy dog that a lady carries in her muff is no less a dog specifically than the muscular mastiff or the agile greyhound. The currant is not of a sportive nature, hencJJ we have comparatively few varieties, and of those registered the distinctions are far weaker than the distinctions amongst apples. In the work before us the apples described number just thirty-six times the number of the currants. Thus it is evident that the apple is more given to variation than the currant, and the list of varieties of fruits all round only approximately illustrate their relative importance. On the other hand it may safely be said that they do illustrate their relative importance, if only approximatively; and, so far as we can see, anything beyond the approximate is not to be hoped for. Bearing these several points in mind, we may find some advantage in a rough statis- tical analysis of Dr. Hogg's pages, and the following is the result: There are described over and above all that bear doubtful and synonymous names, the fol- lowing varieties of fruits, here placed in alphabetical order—Almonds, 7; apples, 722; apricots, 49 chest- nuts, 2; cherries, 125; cranberries, 4; currants, 20; figs, 70; gooseberries, 239 grapes, 144 medlars, 3 mulbeiries, 1; nectarines, 40; nuts, 32; peaches, 109 pears, 648 pines, 25; plums, 187 quinces, 3; raspberries, 30; strawberries, 128; walnuts, 7.— The Gardeners' Magazine.
On Tuesday, at the Exeter Castle, there was a /ery large and animated meeting of the creditors of tht Rev. H. E. Reynolds, the librarian and one of the priest vicars of Exeter Cathedral. His debts to unsecured creditors were £ 3687, and C1811 was also due to creditors holding security. The assets were but JE330. The debtor attributed his deficiency of f3300 to the ill- health of his wife and family, losses in respect of literary enterprises, and expenses caused by frequent unavoid- able change of residence. His income altogether was about B700 a year, but jE120 a year was the gift of his mother, £100 from his wife's private resources, and there were various charges on portions of the remainder. He now offered to give up all his estate and set aside S130 a year out of the priest vicarship, which is a life appointment and the enjoyment of which the debtor had done nothing to forfeit. If this offer was accepted the family creditors would stand aside. It was however mentioned that twenty years would be required to pay the debts if no larger annual sum were set aside, and some of the creditors expressed an opinion that the debtor had served them badly and should now make a greater sacrifice. Eventually the offer was raised to £ 180 a year, and this was accepted.
FREEMASONRY IN FRANCE. The Press Association learns that the decision of the Grand Lodge of England not to admit to their meetings Freemasons belonging to the Grand Orient of France has been recently under the consideration of the Council Supreme of the latter body, and a de- termination has been arrived at to tender full ex- planations of their exact position to the Grand Lodge of England. It will be remembered that the Pope's Encyclical against Freemasonry on the ground of atheism and irreligion were directed against the craft generally. The Grand Lodge of England, however, repudiated the charges so far as they were concerned, and proceeded to show their earnestness in the matter by their declaration against the Grand Orient, who, it was alleged, by the change in their constitution, had really made themselves an irreligious body. The Grand Orient submit that a great injustice has been done them by their English brethren, inasmuch as they do not intend to be in any sense an irre- ligious association. The omission from their reformed constitution of words the repetition or acceptance of which would imply a religious test is, they contend. not a declaration against religion, but simply an at- tempt to make the Masonic Temple what, as they say, it has always been in real Freemasonry-open to every one without inquiry as to what is his religion or whether he has any. In reference to the recently- expressed opinions of the Prince of Wales and Lord Carnarvon that Freemasonry is based only upon the Bible, the Grand Orient points out that Mohamme- dans, Parsees, Buddhists, and Jews are Freemasons in great numbers. The fact that the change in the con stitution of the Grand Orient was proposed by one Protestant minister and seconded by another, is in- stanced as a proof that it was not initiated in favour of irreligion. In the event of the explanations not being accepted by the Grand Lodge of England, it is probable that immediate action will be taken in the nature of an appeal to English public opinion on the subject. This will probably be done by a public meeting, at which oral explanations will be given, and by official publications on behalf of the Grand Orient.
MR. RUSKIN ON "THE PLEASURES OF ENGLAND." Mr. Ruskin delivered the fourth of his series of lectures on The Pleasures of England" in the Lecture Theatre of the University Museum of Oxford, on Saturday afternoon, the subject being Coeur de Lion to Elizabeth: the Pleasures of Fancy." There was again a large and distinguished audience. The Slade Professor introduced his subject by remarking that accidentally, in the course of the preceding lecture, they would remember, he had given them what was, in his opinion, extremely good advice- namely, never to make a shot at anything either by word or fancy. He was the better qualified to give them that sage advice, because he was at the moment he did so making a shot himself at the Venetian Doge. He thought at the time he knew it, but he found afterwards he had given them the wrong name. The proper name of the Doge he had referred to was Domenico Selos. He must ask to be allowed to read some more about him from the third chapter of a little book of his own called The Divine Right of St. Mark's Rest," a book which was originally intended to be read aloud, because there were many passages in it which required to be accen- tuated. The book would be placed in the school, and what he could not read to them they must look up for themselves. Mr. Ruskin quoted extensively from the volume in question, commenting by the way on the fact that the Venetians in those days were always armed even when they went on the most pious mis- sions they were always ready for what might turn up. Referring to the violet, the professor reminded his audience that a long time ago he had told them that while at the home of the violet, and gathering it at the Palermo, he bad matched it against the violet- coloured sea, and did not know the one from the other. He here showed two water-colour drawings, one of the sea and another of the flower, to convey his meaning, remarking that the first time he saw what a Greek sea meant he saw what Homer's violet-coloured eea" meant. He also showed a picture of three female saints in the dress of the sixth century, everything pleasing, with jewels and diamonds all round. Indeed, the gorge- ousness was a scene which we could not believe now, far less imagine. In Modern Painters'' be bad distinguished, unnecessarily, between fancy and imagi- nation. Dean Stanley's word phantasy was accu- rate for both, only it was somewhat of lighter affairs when we said it was fancy, and when we quitted that to call it a sense of imagination. When a boy fell foolishly in love with a girl it was said he bad taken a fancy to her. If he loved her rightly—that was to say for her noble qualities-we ought to say he had taken an imagination to her; because then he was endowed with the new light of love which saw and told of the mind in her; but not falsely or vainly, as Wordsworth said, most unkindly and most conceitedly, of his wife— II Were such as thou in all men's view An universal show. What would my fancy have to do, My feelings to bestow?" But the fact was that the poet's wife was only there simply that she might be an object from which he might draw the details of the drapery he was fancying. But a true lever's love did not bestow it discovered what was indeed, most precious in his mistress and wrought most deeply for his life and happiness. Day by day as he loved her better he discerned her more truly; and it was only true of her love which thus forced him to her that it could at once disenchant him and blind him; and the association of this truth in living conception of the true character was conclu- sively shown in the feelings which were recognised as first reaching their height in the days of chivalry. One could look at a girl until he believed her an angel, because at her best she was one but he could not look at a cockchafer until he believed it was a girl. The professor produced a beautiful picture of the Virgin and Child, with an armoured soldier standing on her right and a monk on her left. He explained this to be a copy of one of the grandest pictures in the world. After referring to several of the female mythical saints, Mr. Ruskin said it would delay them too long to dwell further on that subject; but they would find plenty in Fors Clavigera." He then went on to quote from Carlyle's "Life of Frederick the Great," with which the lecture con- cluded. The subject of the next lecture will be Pro- testantism the Pleasures of Truth."
MYSTERIOUS OCCURRENCE AT MANCHESTER. On Tuesday a young man named Arthur Shaw was charged on remand, before the Manchester stipendiary with murdering his wife, by strangling her. Shaw and the deceased, and their little girl, aged 3 years, had occupied for a few weeks, a house in Dalton- street, Collyhurst. On Monday night last week, a constable who was on duty in the vicinity was asked to go to the house, as there was a suspicion that Mrs. Shaw had been murdered. The constable, on enter- ing, saw the woman lying dead, and bearing marks upon her face, neck, and head, which indicated that she had died by violent means. The husband was out at the time, but he came in soon afterwards in company with a medical gentleman, who, upon examining the woman, pronounced life to be extinct, and gave it as his opinion that death had been produced by strangulation. Shaw was thereupon taken into custody, and charged with having killed his wife. He protested his innocence, adding that she had accidentally fallen and injured herself. Little was known by the neighbours of how the Shaws lived but, as far as appearances went, it was concluded that they were on good terms with each other. A short time before the woman met her death she was chatting and knitting in the house of a neighbour, Mrs. Fletcher. Whilst thus engaged her little girl came and said Daddy wanted to see her. Mrs. Shaw immediately went home, and a few minutes later Shaw himself came saying that he and his wife had had a few words," and that she had fallen on the ash-pan. Mrs. Fletcher's husband and son re- turned with Shaw to his house, and there saw Mrs. Shaw lying on the floor, apparently lifeless. Vain attempts having been made to rouse her, the husband went for a doctor, and the police were informed of the occurrence. At the police-station Shaw stated that the deceased was 34 years of age, and that he was some years younger. The prisoner was committed for trial at the assizes.
The American Rochefoucald says, even if a boy is always whistling I want to be an angel," it is just as well to keep the key of the pantry out of his reach. In Thibet one woman may have two, three, or four husbands. When a Thibet woman wants a. new bonnet, she has only to let the fact be known. and the four husbands start on a race to tbe millin.ary store.
THE AFGHAN FRONTIER. According to the Lahore Civil and Military Gazette, M. Griesbach, the geologist with the Boundary Commission describes the route between Quetta and the Helmund as presenting features very similar to those in the Pishin Valley and Candahar-namely, a system of precipitous, deeply eroded ridges, extend- ing from north and south to north-east and south- west. Extensive post-tertiary deposits fills the inter- vening valleys. The south-west extremiry of the Ghazarband range is composed of sandstone stales and grits of the Flysch facies of eocene rocks. A series of low hills and valleys stretch between Canjpai and Nuski, which from their composition appear to be merely continuations of the Kojah Amran range, but near Galiahead the formation is distinctly younger, the epoch being mostly trap-rock, "hich in places bursts through the cretacious limestone over- lying it, and locally converts it into white marble. The same paper mentions a trans-frontier report which, if true, is of considerable importance. It is that the Governor of Badakshan has applied to the Badshah of Chitral to sell the district of Latku to the Ameer, and on meeting with refusal has gone to Cabul to consult the Ameer on the subject. Should the Afghans succeed in obtaining that district it will give them command of both ends of the Dura pass, between Badakshan and Chitral-an easy pass, esti- mated not to exceed 14,000 feet in height, and which the military authorities consider would be the pro- bable route of one of the invading columns in the event of a Russian attack upon India.
BURYING A CHILD ALIVE. A Belfast correspondent writes that John Lawther and his wife and his mother-in-law (Mrs. M'Cracken) have been arrested for the wilful murder of a child ten days old. It appears that on Sunday night Mrs. M'Cracken called upon William Spence, the grave- digger of Knock Cemetery, and said she bad a child which she wanted buried at once. The gravedigger arranged to have it interred at eight o'clock on Mon- day morning, and at the appointed hour Lawther, who is the father of the child, proceeded with Spence to the graveyard, where they placed the coffin in the hut at the gate until they could get the implements to dig the grave. They then returned to Belfast and had drink together. The gravedigger went back at noon, and heard the child moaning in the coffin. He then went for Lawther and told him so, but he (Lawther) said it must be buried, and interred it him- self. Later the same night the gravedigger went back to the cemetery, taking a friend with him. They raised the coffin, which was only a few inches under- ground, and found the child alive, but it afterwards expired.