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!Q.} tt r yonion Coucsptait.


!Q.} tt r yonion Coucsptait. [We Ceezr. it right to ftpte that we do not at all time! "Vl-iitify ourselves with cur Correspondent's opinion*.] It is evident that the constitutional crisis will be the principal subject of public attention throughout the coming recess. The jaded members of the House oi Commons. who have sat through the intense heat or the dog-days, will rise from their legislative labours to fight the battle again on provincial platforms. For the first time in more than half a century the Lord: will be engaged in a contest with the nation over a question affeciiag the representation of the people. There are very few survivors of the arduous struggle which marked" the earlier years of the reign of King William IV. We often think that strong language is used in our own days but our style of controversy is lamblike and innocent as compared with the vituperation which waa so common half a century ago. We have no William Cobbett amongst us now, not only to tear to pieces the king's speeches to Parliament, or to qualify their grammar, but to address great audiences, as he was accustomed to at Oldham, in a coarse not to say racr style totally unknown m the present day. Mr. Molesworth and Mr. Roebuck have told us in graphic narratives of the fierce .excitement of that time, and of the burning resentment of the great un- enfranchised towns, such as Birmingham, Manchester, and Leeds, at being kept out of their political rights, while uninhabited mounds such as Gatton. and Old Sarum were sending members to the House of Commons. When the ferment was at its height the carriages of the anti-reforming peers, on making their appearance in the streets of London, were received with roars of execration which would have drowned the reverberations of the loudest thunder. Bristol was in the hands of the rioters for three days, and Nottingham Castle was in flames. There is no doubt that the anticipations of the people, who were not so well conducted and informed as are the genera- tions of to-day, had been raised to an extravagantly high pitch by the hopes of the results which would follow the passing of the Reform Bill. As Macaulay put it, the measure was expected to put a pot on every working man's fire and a fowl in the pot. Of course, a reaction followed on the disappointment, and in less than two years a Conservative administration was in power. A great deal is said about Parliamentary obstruc- tion in these latter days; but this is an institution which was not unknown even there. When the Reform Bill was in Committee the more pertinacious of the Tory Commoners often kept the House sitting all night dividing upon motions openly and obtru- sively obstructive. Sir Charles Wetherell, the Re- corder of Bristol, was one of the most bitter anta- gonists of the Reform Bill, and having a seat in the House of Commons, he on one occasion kept that assembly sitting until half-past seven in the morning. When the House adjourned, and the wearied members came out into Palace-yard, the rain was falling heavily. The Recorder of Bristol exclaimed," If I had only known this they should have had a few more divisions The newspaper reading public has become so thoroughly sick of Egypt that they hail the prospect of this struggle with considerable relief as breaking fresh ground. Something of this feeling was at the bottom of the decision of the House of Commons when it declined to discuss, Mr. Bruce's Vote of Censure. On the very first night of the session, the 5th February, Mr. Bourke moved an amend- ment to the address censuring the Egyptian policy of the Government, and there had been one vote of censure after another inter- mittently, all rejected, and to bring forward a. similiar motion on the eve of the 1st of July, in the midst of sweltering hsat, was what the House could not stand. It was tired of the subject. There is some talk of reviving the matter when the Conference has finished its sittings; but the public interest will then be centred upon the House of Lords, and there are not many who will be disposed to regret that we have heard the last of the affairs of Egypt in the House of Commons as a set debate. We have just now our own affairs to attend to as well as those of Egypt. It is satisfactory to note the manner in which the members of the Royal Family are gradually emerging from the seclusion into which they withdrew, and naturally enough, for a time, upon the death of the Duke of Albany. Last week, on the same day, Princess Christian laid the foundation-stone of an orphanage at Lewisham, and Princess Louise took part in a ceremonial in connection with the addition of a wing to St. Mary's Hospital at Paddington, having on the previojis day opened a space of ground for the recreation of the people in Bloomsbury. The members of the reigning House are so courteous and obliging, and so ready to assist every good work by their presence, that they are always most warmly received by the people. This was particularly the case at Lewisham, where the streets were gaily decorated, and the inhabitants turned out in great numbers to welcome the Queen's second surviving daughter. Strong is the force of habit. Viscount Hampden, the late Speaker of the House of Commons, has been released from' the onerous duty: of presiding over that oft-times turbulent assembly, and in the enjoy- ment of his pension of X4000 a year, is now glad to lend his aid to those institutions which he may think deserving of the advocacy for which they ask. One of these is the Metropolitan Association for Befriend- ing Young Servants, which by permission of the Duke of Sutherland held its annual meeting one afternoon last week at Stafford House, St. James's. Lord Hampden was in the chair, and resolutions were as usual moved and seconded. In putting each resolu- tion it was noticed that his lordship did not use that word, but the question is," and then going on to read the terms of the motion. He imagined himself back in his old seat, directing the ayes to the right and the noes to the left, preliminary to the taking of a great party division. V The first of the Ministerial innocents to be massa- cred was the Merchant Shipping Bill, the withdrawal of which was announced by the President of the Board of Trade. If existing legislation does not, as Mr. Chamberlain declares, adequately provide for the protection of the lives of our seamen, the abandon- ment of such an important measure is to be deeply regretted. Still, with the prospect of an autumn ses- sion, it is necessary to sacrifice something, and Mr. Chamberlain's proposed legislation is not the only sacrifice which will have to be made. With the re- jection of the Reform Bill, the affairs of the present session will be wound up as speedily as pos- sible, in order to allow of a recess of decent length in which overworked Ministers may recruit their health. There is Mr. Gladstone, for instance, who has pro- mised 'to address his constituents in Midlothian in the coming autumn. But after one long session, and in the immediate prospect of another which will be more remarkable for excitement than for length, a man of 75, with the burden of an empire upon his shoulders, requires rest. Still we shall have the Midlothian speeches for all that. The holding of the annual exhibition of the Royal Agricultural Society at Shrewsbury comes at a critical time in the history of an important industry. There is an old saying that drought never bred dearth in England," but the fervent heat which makes the fields ripe unto the harvest means utter destruction to the ay and root crops. Day after day London has resembled one vast furnace, the hot wind resembling 1 the breath of a sirocco. As the toiling millions have perspired under the sun's vertical rays, how they have longed for a few hours of that cooling rain which has descended in floods upon Eastern Europe, and for those invigorating sea breezes which play together in such profusion on the restless surface of the mighty Atlantic



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