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tALL RIGHTS RESERVED.] AMBITION'S…

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¡THE SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS.

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¡ THE SOCIAL SCIENCE CONGRESS. The following are the special questions which have been arranged for discussion at the next Social Science Congress, which is to be held at Birmingham on Sep- tember 17-24: 1. Department of Jurisprudence and the Amend- ment of the Law.—International and Municipal Law Section.—1. Is it desirable to introduce into the United Kingdom an official record of rights and interests in land such as exists in the Australasian colonies ? 2. What reforms are desirable in the law relating to the arrest and continued detention of alleged lunatics and to the control of their property ? 3. What amendments are required in the system of local government in England, with regard to areas, functions, and representative or other authorities ? Repression of Crime Section.—1. Can our prisons be rendered, in a considerable degree, self-supporting, and, if so, by what means, without a sacrifice of their discipline and deterrent effect ? 2. Should schools of discipline be established for the correction of juvenile offenders and their detention for short periods ? 3. What means would reduce the traffic in stolen property ? II. Education.-I. Do the powers now exercised by the Charity Commissioners over the endowed schools of the country stand in need of modification, and, if so, in what direction, and to what extent ? 2. How far are the requirements of the country for well-trained teachers in elementary schools met by the pupil-teacher system and the existing training colleges ? 3. In testing the efficiency of schools should processes or results be chiefly regarded ? III. Health.—1. What is the best method of dealing with (a) town sewage, (b) the products of house and street scavenging, and (c) the products of combustion ? 2. What are the best means, legislative or other, of securing those improvements in the dwellings of the poor which are essential to the welfare of the community ? 3. How far may the average death-rate of a population be considered an efficient test of its sanitary condition; and by what means can the high death-rate of children be reduced ? IV. Economy and Trade Department.—1. Would it be advantageous to give to leaseholders powers entitling them to the purchase of the fee-simple of the lands and premises they occupy, or otherwise to interfere by law with the prevailing system of build- ing and other long leases ? 2. What has been the working of the Employers' Liability Act, 1880, and is any amendment of it desirable ? 3. What is the social condition of the working classes in 1884, as compared with 1857, when the first meeting of the National Association for the promotion of Social Science was held in Birmingham and in what way can the working classes best utilise their savings? V. Art.—1. Ought elementary instruction in drawing to be made an essential part of the national education ? 2. What is the value to the ear, the mind, the health, and the disposition of the young, produced by class instruction in music? 3. How can a love and appreciation of art be best developed among the masses of the people ?

---THE CASE OF LORD ST. LEONARDS.

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