THE NATIONAL FINANCES. It appears, from the official abstract just issued, that the gross revenue of the United Kingdom for the year ended June 30, was £89,824,436, an or the quarter ending on the same date £20,796,13 ih net increase during the twelve months amounted to JES.784,368, the excise alone showing a decline to the extent of 2295,000. On the quarter there is a net increase of £819,982, the excise exhibiting an im- provement of £30,000, while stamps indicate a falling off of £10,000, and miscellaneous of £134,747. The increase on property and income tax during the three Months is set down at £760,000. The Daily News comments upon the Quarterly Revenue Return in a leader, from which we make the following extracts:— The first quarter of the financial year ended cn Saturday, and the results are fairly satisfactory. Of course, it is too early yet to form any opinion as to the outcome of the whole twelvemonth. The first three quarters yield usually only about two-thirds of the year's revenue, the remaining third being collected in the last quarter. For that reason alone it would be un- safe to draw an inference with much confidence from the productiveness of the first three months, so much may happen to derange all calculations before Christ- maa has come and gone. But, furthermore, the con- ditions now governing the yield of tha taxes are those rather of the past nine months than of the future. If the glorious weather now favouring the growth of the craps continue?, the harvest will be good, and a good harvest cannot fail to make the revenue mora productive. A turn in the fortunes of the farmers will have a grea* effect upon the whale of the agricul- taral classes and upon all the trades dependent upon agriculture, and will stimulate the prosperity of the whole community. At the same time, abundant harvests at home and abroad will enaure cheap bread for the coming year, and thus will make the wage? cf the working classes moreeffective and if the beneficial effects of a good harvest are heightened by tho pre- servation of peace in the far East as well as in Europe, the revenue will yield still more bountifully. Agriculture is still the greatest single industry in the country, and necessarily, therefore, its depression must be felt by the whole community. For several years we have nut go; out of our own scil all that we were ia the I;abít of extracting from it, and we had to f fb»pply the deficiency from foreign sources, paying for what we bought with the produce of other industries. We were thus poorer than we should have bee u had the season been more propitious. But although the old elasticity baa not returned to the revenue, the Returns furnish evidence that the country is fairly prosperous. Profits are not so large as in periods of good trad", speculation is absent, and wag-es are low. But, on. the other hand, profits, if not large, mu*t ba fairly remunerative, oc production would not be continued na tho present large #caie. The absence of speculation conduces to the soundness of trade. And wages, if cot high, go farther than at many periods when they were nomi- nally higher. 8) far an the present is concerned, then, we have every reason to be content. And the future prospect is also good- The character of the harvest will influence the result moro J&rgely than anything else4 and the promise of the crops is splendid.
Dr. John Strain, Roman Catholic Archbishop of St. Andrew's and Ediohurgh, died in Edinburgn oa Mon- day, at the age of 73 In London, on Tuesday a conference on the adminis- tration of hospitals, held under the auspices of the National dissociation for the Promotion of Social Science, was opened at the Society of Arts, when papers on a variety of subjects in conue tlon with charitable wedical institutions wera read and dis- cuesod. In London, <>»t Wednesday a match of cricket was played between I Zingari and the Household Brigade. I Zmxari hjdjtirstiurnriga and scored 229, afier which the Household Brigade scored 253 with the loja of six wickets, winning ou the in nings by four wicket?. <
EXTRAORDINARY BALLOON ADVENTURE. It la reported that on Wednesday morning, some labourers at Bromley were startled at seeing a large balloon descending a short distance from them, and after dragging over a field or two came to a standstill through the grappling iron catching in a fence. The balloon was occupied by two aeronauts, one a Belgian named Morian, and the other a Frenchman named Da Costa. It appears that the aeronauts ascended at Courtrai, in Belgium, on Tuesday evening, with the intention of proceeding in an easterly direction, and descending somewhere near Lifege or Cologne. When over Louvain, however, they encountered an easterly current, which took them over Ostend, and, to their alarm, they were carried out to sea. It ap- peared as if they would cross the Channel successfully, but suddenly they began to descend. The aeronauts endeavoured for some time in vain to check the descent of the balloon, and their position became an extremely perilous one. By throwing overboard large quantities of ballast, however, they again ascended, and before long passed over Dover, when the balloon commenced to descend again, and ultimately alighted on a field near Bromley. The aeronauts were treated with great hospitality, and having allowed the gas to escape from the balloon they sent it on to London.
DEATH FROM SUNSTROKE IN LONDON. In London, on Wednesday, Sir John Humphreys coroner for East Middlesex, held an inquest on the body of Johanna Augusta Specht, aged five years. Up to Saturday last the deceased was in her usual good health, and had met with no injuries. On the morning she had been out to play in the street. The day was unusually hot, and about one o'clock she com- plained of her head and was shortly afterwards seized with a fit. She was put into a warm bath, but never rallied, and she died about six o'clock the same day. The jury retained a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence—"Death from sunstroke."
A DISPLAY OF LIFE-SAVING APPARATUS. In connection with the International Fisheries Ex- hibition, there was a display of life-saving appliances at the Serpentine, Hyde Park, on Wednesday. A full-sized lifeboat belonging to the National Lifeboat Institution, manned by the Eastbourne crew, was launched; and there was a display of the self-righting properties of the boat. Life-rafts, buoys, dresses, and other life-saving appliances were also tested. The jurors for the life-saving division of the Exhibition were present.
BANQUET TO MR. IRVING. In view of Mr. Henry Irving's impending departure for America, where he is to appear for the first time in a professional capacity, a banquet in his honour was given on Wednesday night at St. Jamess-ball, London. The company numbered between 500 and 600. Every care had been taken to ensure the success of a demonstration which was intended both as an acknowledgment of the past services of the leading exemplar of the histrionic art in England and an expression of the goodwill that will follow him in his venture on the other side of the Atlantic. The large hall had been admirably arranged as a banquet- ing room. The table of honour was placed on an elevated position in front of the great organ, five long lines of tables, on a lower level, extending from it. Of floral decoration there was an abundance in every portion of the hall, but on the stage behind the chair there was an absolute luxuriance of foliage and blossom. When all the guests were seated, and when the galleries were filled with ladies, the specctale was almost as striking as a scene on the stage at the Lyceum. Lord Coleridge, the Lord Chief Justice of England, presided and proposed the health of Mr. Irving in an eloquent speech. Mr. Irving in the course of his reply said no actor or manager had ever received more generous and un- grudging support. But he regarded the compliment they had paid him as a tribute to the art he was proud to serve, for the world could no more do without the drama than without music. Mr. Irving added that he was anticipating his visit to America with no common pleasure.
SINGULAR ACCIDENT TO A MAIL CART.. An extraordinary casualty bsfel her Majesty's mail. cart, running between Chatham, Sittiagbourne, and Sheerness, at an early hour on Monday morning. It appears that the cart left Chatham at the usual time on Sunday night, and should have reached Sitting. bourne at 12.20 midnight,' aad thence have proceeded to Sheerness. It did not, however, arrive, and no tidings were heard of it until half-past two, when the postmaster at Sittiagbourne received information that the horse, cart, and driver had been found in a tidal millpoad at Milton about a mile off. It seems that the horse had run down a steep embank. ment into the water, and, when discovered, was im- mersed up to its head, while the driver, whose name was Fray, was also immersed, with his head jammed between the spokes of the wheel. When got out he was insen- sible. Both horse and man bad a narrow escape from drowning. Had the animal turned on the opposite side they must have been precipitated over a wharf on to some barges and smashed to pieces. The mail cart was almost wholly beneath the water, the driver's dog sitting on the top with its feet on the splash board. The mail bags were saturated with ran and water. A doctor was called to Fray, who recovered conscious- nesa after a time. He has been the driver of this cart for fifteen years. Nearly twenty men were employed from two in the morning until seven in getting the mail cart out, which was a matter of extreme difficulty owing to the soft bed of the pond and the steep banks.
[>-k-J rzz GREAT FIRE AT AIX LA CHAPELLE. A great fire occurred on Friday afternoon in last week at Aix-la-Chapelle. The conflagration originated in a chemical factory, and spread to the neighbouring buildings, and was carried by flying embers to ten different places in the tewn. At tour o'clock the flames burst out on the roof of the celebrated Gothic Town Hall, erected in 1353 on the site of Charle- magne'-j Palace. Its two ancient towers and roof were totally destroyed, but fortunately the great Coronation Hall, with the magnificent frescoes re- mained uninjured. All the dorameats and valuable collections were k;a,ei. Altogether twenty-five houses were more or less damaged, bat there was no loss of life. The fire brigades from Cologne and Duaseldorf arrived by rail way to reader assistance.
RETURN of the SOUDAN EXPEDITION. Writing from Khartoum on June 2 the Special Cor- respondent describes the return of the Soudan Expedi- tion in an article, from which we make the following t extracts:- At last, after wearying, harrassing marches, and one regular engagement, our campaign in the Sennaar is finished I Several chiefs, clothed in purple and fine linen, with their retinue, relying on the Eng- lishman's faith, actually pitched their tents and slept within, our lines the night before they tendered their submission to the great magician," I forget to mention that we had with us since leaving Kowa a chief as ally and scout—for he contrived to keep in with both sides-who used to be clad in mail armour', exactly after the fashion of the Crusaders, the sword having the hilt like the cross of the Knights of St. John, and worn in the same way. There are many suits of armour of this kind in the Soudan, Tradition says that the Saracens, who on leaving Palestine got as far as 10 deg. N. latitude, brought with them the original coats of mail taken from slain Crusaders. All I can say is that the armour is exactly like what one sees in the pictures, sculptures, and monumonts of those days, the long, straight, cross-hilted sword being very conspicuous. In three days we reached Duem. On arriving here we heard that one of the Mahdi's chiefs-Fad. lallah-probably the one who at the battle rode off apparently untouched, carrying a gaily-coloured standard from the battle, was lying badly wounded at a village three hours' march from us, with a body guard of a hundred of his retainers. Had we had a squadron or so of cavalry we could have made a dash at them, surrounded the village by moonlight, and carried him off, but it would have been use- less to harrass our foot soldiers with a long march, perhaps to have found him gone Shat, against which we were to have marched, was reported deserted. After three days I was sent in one of the steamers to Khartoum. We carried the first detach- ment of the returning army. Already we could see by the cattle drinking and browsing at the water's edge on both banks of the river, so utterly deserted when we went up, that confidence was returning, and that the poor deluded natives were beginning to return to their pastoral pursuits. No longer, as heretofore, were shots fired at our steamer. We carried at the mast- head a white tag, and the meaning of this they seemed to understand. Nor was any fear shown as we glided down the Nile. The discordant waterwheels were at work Again, and the fertile land was smiling. On arrival at the deliciously shady grove of the Khartoum palm trees we found hundreds of natives, men and women, washing—attending the "sha- heeghs," disporting themselves like ducks in the blue waters, or digging with their wooden hoes. As we paddled by with screaming whistle, broad crescent flag gaily flattering to the breeze, and the band on the paddle-box playing the Khedivial hymn, to our surprise one and all struck off from their work and ran after us. The women send. ing up their musical shrill cry, whose note, a musician told me the ether day, "we have it not in European music." It is a sign of approbation, admiration, and at funerals of grief. I should like to know its origin. I have heard nothing like it in any part of the world. We. were followed in troops to the landing-place with every demonstration of joy. I did not know that the Soudanese were such an excitable people. We took up our quarters in a large house by the river side (originally occupied by Gordon Pacha), with grateful feelings, and I may say, with satisfaction, for our campaign, though comparatively short, had been crowned with success. Few who have not been parched and broiled for days in a tropical climate, at times without teats at all, and at all times with bad water to drink, and short rations, can realise the luxury of having within one's reach water-melons, milk, eggs, and bread.
ROYAL VISIT TO EASTBOURNE. The Prince and Princess of Wales, accompanied by their niece, the Princess Elizabeth of Hesse, paid their promised visit te Eastbourne on Saturday, for the purpose of taking part in the inauguration of several works of importance in connection with this rapidly growing seaside resort, the principal one being the opening of the New Cottage Hospital erected in memory of, and named after, the late Princess Alice. The town wore a festive appearance, and their Royal Highnesses had a very hearty welcome. At a luncheon in honour of the occasion, Lord Hartington proposed the health of the Royal visitors. The Prince of Wales, in reply, said the associations connected with the hospital which he had just opened had a deep and painful interest to him, and the way in which the name of his dearly-beloved and mueh to be lamented Bister had been received showed that her memory lived in the hearts of the people at East- bourne. The Princess of Wales and himself were glad that the late Princess Alice's daughter and their niece had been able to accompany them on that occasion, and she would be able to convey to her father and the other members of her family the sense of the affection which was felt in Eastbourne for the memory 9f tihe j late Princess Alice. J
AN ELECTRIC GUN. The London correspondent of the Manchester Guar- dian says :—Colonel Fosberry created a sensation at a lecture he gave to an assembly of officers, small arm inventors, and other experts on Friday at the Royal United Service Institution, by suddenly drawing from its place of hiding, under the tabie, a wonderful new gun which he had jast brought from Liége. He called it a "baby electric gun." It looked like a pretty carbine, but it had no mechanism and could not possibly go off until connected up to the source of electric force. That done, it could be fired with amazing rapidity, 104 rounds having a faw days before been fired from it by its inventor, M. Pieper, of Liége, in two minutes. Colonel Fosbery fired two rounds with infinitesimal powder charges. He bad prepared himself by secreting under his vest a small circuit of wire and putting on a banderole, supporting what looked like a two-ounce phlkl, but was in fact an electric accumulator, with sufficient stored up energy to discharge 2,000 rounds. The car- tridges were very innocent looking mites, and con- tained no detonating substances-nothing, in fact, but simple powder and a wad. The opinion was expressed by various speakers that the electric gun must once more revolutionize the manufacture of small-arms within a brief period.
A Paris telegram says that a sad acoident has oc. curred at Epinal. A trooper in the 4th Chasseurs was swimming his horse in the Moselle when he slipped from the saddle and Bank before his comrades could reach him,
THE HEALTH OF THE TROOPS IN EGYPT. According to the latest official return of Surgeon- General J. Irvine, Army Medical Department, prin- cipal medical officer to the army of occupation in Egypt, out of a total force at Cairo of 5,135 troops 386 were on the sick list, of the 1,578 troops at Alexandria 112 men were sick, while of the 98 men at Port Said five only were under medical treatment. Of the various corps the return of the Royal Engineers is the most favourable, of 181 only 10, or about 5 per cent., being on the sick list, while the regiment which is suffering most from disease is the Gordon Highlanders, which out of a total strength of 792 has 96 men, or over 12 per cent., ill. Telegraphic instructions have been sent out to Surgeon-General Irvine to take every precaution for the health of the troops in view of the outbreak of cholera in Egypt, and a draft of officers of the Army Medical Department and the Army Hospital Corps will shortly proceed to the country to strengthen the medical staff.
SIXPENNY TELEGRAMS. A Treasury Minute on sixpenny telegrams has been published. Mr. Childers recommends that authority be given to the Postmaster-General for the necessary preliminary expenses, expected to amount to half a million pounds, of which two hundred thousand will be expended in the current financial year. The reduction will be made on October 1, 1884, but Mr. Childers leaves for further inquiry the question as to the exact manner in which the reduction is to be effected.
AGRICULTURAL HOLDINGS IN IRELAND. In the Irish agricultural statistics just published, it it is stated that according to the latest information the number of separate holdings was 574,207, being 3,532 less than in the previous year. The holdings which increased in number were-- "those not exceeding ene acre by 399, above 30 and not exceeding 50 acres by 180, above 50 and not exceeding 100 acres" by 58, "above 100 and not exceeding200 acres" by 16, "above 200 and not ex- ceeding 500 acres" by 6, and in "those above 500 acres by 53. The holdings which decreased in number were "those above one and not exceeding five acres," by 1,645; those above five and not exceeding 15 acres" by 2,167; and "those above 15 and not exceeding 30 acres by 422.
STEAMING THROUGH AN ICEFIELD. On Tuesday particulars were received in Liverpool of the last outward voyage .of the steamer Ontario, which, when she arrived off the Canadian coast, was for four days fast in the icefields. The Ontario had a line run until she arrived in the straights of Belle Isle, when ice floes were met with. The steamer pro- ceeded steadily through the ice, until at last it got so thick around her that movement either for- ward or astern was impossible even with the aid of hawsers no way could be got on the vessel, the ice floes piled around the vessel com- pletely hemming her in on all sides. She remained in that condition for four days, and on the fifth day streaks of water were seen, and way was got on the vessel. During the time she was in the ice the Ontario spoke the schooner Emily S. Mouse off Point Esquimaux, and supplied her with a quantity of pro- visions. The Ontario had on board a large number of passengers, who were landed in good health. While she was fast in the ice the passengers passed their time very pleasantly under the circumstances, and on arrival at their destination presented a testimonial to the captain, officers, and crew of the vessel for their exemplary conduct during the whole voyage. During the passage the Ontario passed through 160 miles of ice. 'I
CONVOCATION AND THE DECEASED WIFE'S SISTER BILL. Both Houses of the Convocation of the Province of Canterbury assembled on Tuesday at Westminster. In the Lower House, Archdeacon Denison moved J that the following address be sent to their lordships the Bishops The Lower House of Convocation of the Province of Canterbury, in humble thankfulness to Almighty God for the rejection by the House of Lords on Thurs- day, June 28, 1883, of the bill for legalizing marriage with a deceased wife's sister, make this their dutiful representation and prayer to the Upper House. They represent—That there is reason to apprehend They represent-That there is reason to apprebend an immediate renewal of the agitation upon this ques- tion. "That, inasmuch as holy matrimony is the founda- tion of human society; and inasmuch as there is a widespread ignorance of the principles of Christian marriage, the Lower House, as in loveand duty bound, turns to the Archbishop and Bishcrps in Convocation assembled earnestly praying them to exhort all who have cure of souls in the province of Canterbury to set forth plainly, from time to time, in their addresses to their flocks, the aforesaid principles; as embodied in the Table of Prohibited Degreef, inrthe 99th Canon, and in the form of Solemnization of Matrimony; and, in par- ticular, to remind their people that tho union of a man with his wife's sister has been forbidden by the Church of Christ from the beginning, as being contrary to the Word of God. The Lower House venture further to call special attention to the injury which would be done to the moral and spiritual welfare of the English people; also to the disruption of domestic and social relations necessarily involved in the success of the agitation above referred to; and lastly, to the grave conse- quences which must ensue if the law of the Church and the law of the State be brought into open opposi. tion." Canon Hopkins seconded the address, which was opposed by Dean Vaughan, but ultimately agreed to.
THE COMING HARVEST. The wheat crop is now fully in ear throughout the country, and as early pieces were on bloom a week ago the Mark Lane Express expects harvest to com- mence in the first week of August, or a few days earlier if we should get forcing weather, though it will net be general till the middle of that month. The wheat crop varies greatly. There are many fine and even heavy cr< ps but a considerable proportion of the winter wheat will be rather thin and light. Spring wheat is promising in most cases and on the whole, fair, standing but rather thin crops of wheat will be the rule, and very heavy or very light crops the exception. The straw has lengthened somewhat since the rain came, but is still short in most places. There is some com- plaint of rust, and more of serat but the crops are quite up to average in point of healthiness of straw, mid the ears are generally well formed and of fair lize. On the pocr clays barley and oats are rather light and pale in colour 5 but generally these crops are decidedly Eromising, fair standing crops being the rule, mans lossomed very freely, and 'bid fair to be the great crop of the seaaon; and peas where they stood the drought of May and early June, promise abundantly also. Potatoes which were put into a remarkably good seed bed are almost everywhere of magnificent promise. As for hops. the prospect is excellent; but whether they will yield well or mot no one can tell at present. Of the root crop it is too early to speak with any confidence. Mangolds are rather late; swedes, generally, did not plant well, but have come up in some cases with the rain; and white turnips have been sown under favourable condi- tions. Of the fruit crop, the reports from different districts vary considerably. So far as it is safe to gene- ralise about them. we may say toat apples promise to be more abundant than they have been for many years, pears rather scarce, and stone fruit excessively scarce. Strawberries and raspberries are very plentiful currants, especially the black variety, a fair crop; gooseberries below average in yield. In Scotland and the North of England crop prospects were recently less promising than in the more southern districts, but late reports denote a very great improvement. From Ireland reports are almost uniformly encouraging. On the whole, we are glad to believe that, if we get favour- able weather up to and during harvest, the produce of the fields and orchards of the United Kingdom will be greater and of better quality than that of any recent season. The Magnet of Monday says Although the weather has been at times unsettled during the past week, it has not been unfavourable to the crops, except that the gathering in of the hay has been hindered. The outlook generally is satisfactory. The ram has been of considerable benefit to the barley, oats, and roots, and a spell of fine dry weather would accentuate the gain. There can be no qnestion that this is one of the most satisfactory seasons the farming interest has experienced for some years."
THE HAY CROP OF 1883. The principal feature of the 1883 hay crop will be found in its quality rather than its quantity (says Land and Water). The absence of rain and the presence of late frosts have mainly contributed to this result. In nearly every upland district the grass is very short, although a good bottom is rolled out by the scythe, and it is only where manure has been applied with a liberal hand that an average crop will be produced. In the bottoms and levels that get occasional floods, and whose soil requires less rain, in some instances the swathe will be very good, aad it is noticeable that this year the grass is of a more brilliant tinge of green than for many seasons past. In Scotland, the meadow hay crop is shorter than in England, and adding to this the superior process adopted in the making by the Eng- lish growers, the southern hay will have a great ad- vantage over the northern production this season. At this time last year everyone was prepared to carry their hay into stack, wet as it was, and set the fans to work to suck out the accumulating heat; but this season it may be hoped no such mistakes will be made, at least in staeking hay only half made. Some fomentation must be allowed to take place, or it will not be hay, and no one who has seen the fanq will neglect to build his stack without the chimney up from bottom to top, which is best done with a sack filled with cut straw, so that if too much heat presents itself, the fan can be set to work immediately and reduce it. In a fine hot season, when the grass crop is very thin and shortj the hay is almost certain to be carried overdone, and no heat be obtained in the stack. When such is the case, it is as well to use a sprinkling of fine salt over every layer, which gives a good palate to the dry stuff in the winter and also keep a thick riok cloth close on to the stack every night, in ordar that seme heat may be generated from the pressure and absence of outlet. The crops of clover hay and mixed grasses this year are certainly less than last,but the quality is extremely good, and the market price will soon show, no doubt, that fine gr^en clover hay is worth a long price per ton. This is one of those years in which tare hay can be made. Rain in small quantities suffices to spoil it. Trifolium bay will be dry goods this year; at the best of times it is little better, if so good as oat straw, and almost certain to go mouldy in the stack, which tends to give horses broken wind. The past five years has seen great breadths of arable land put down to pasture, and from this many ex- pected a good crop of hay but it is noticeable that the crop is exceedingly short, and hardly worth mowing.
THE CHURCH ARMY. A drawing-room meeting has been held in London at the residence of Lord Mount-Temple, to hear aa account of the objects of the organization known as the Church Army. Lord Mount-Temple opened the proceedings by stating that those who understood the conditions of society in our large towns could not fail to see the readiness with which people of the lower classes were brought to hear the Gospel if it was pre- sented to them in a way which they could appre- ciate. It was in vain, he thought, for the Church to stand still, and hope that these people would come to it, and the only chance was for the Church to go out and find them in their homes. If we were really to carry Christianity down to the lowest stratum, it had been found that such work as was done by the Church Army was just the way in which these people could best be reached. The Rev, W. Carlile then gave a history of the Army, which now includes twenty-seven stations in London and the provinces. Mr. Carlile answered several questions, in the course of which he said that the members of the Army wore a piece of red cord in their button-boles as a badge, and that the officers were abstainers from alcohol and tobacco.
LORD EGERTON OF TATTON ON EDUCATION. Lord Egerton of Tatton distributed the prizes at Chester King's School on Tuesday, and in addressing the students and those present said he deprecated State interference with education where facilities were already properly provided. It was the endea- vour generally of the middle classes of the country to provide and endow their øwn schools, of which they had a conspicuous example in Chester King's School. In schools of this class the course of study was very much wider than it was thirty years ago. When he went to Eton, neither natural science nor mathematics formed part of the curriculum, and the study of modern languages Was only just beginning to be introduced, through the instrumentality of tho late Prince Consort. He disagreed with those who maintained that the study of the classics was useless for those who were afterwards to be engaged in the concerns of business. All over the Continent English was being taught in public schools, and we could not do better than in. struct our youth in the language and literature of other modern countries, and certainly nothing could i conduce more to the enlargement of the mind and the acquirement of new ideas than the knowledge of these languages.
CHURCHES AND CHAPELS IN NEW YORK. The Pall Mali Gazette says :There are in New York to-day about five hundred churches—a careful historian, writing in 1880, gives the number as 492— and of these just twenty.nine are situated below Canal-street. Two hundred years ago there were in all Manhattan Island but three regular places of wor- ship, two of which were in the town. The first religious services in New York were in accordance with the Dutch Reformed rite; the first chureh belonged to that sect, for generations—until long after the city had passed the boundary of the old canal-the Dutch Reformed Church shared with Episcopalianism the leading place in its religious life. To-day the primitive faith is represented by one mission chapel and a synod room below Canal-street. Lutheranism, which was the next creed that boasted a church building of its own, has within the boundaries of old New York but one church left—the Norwegian. The Protestant Epis- copal body has kept a irmer hold. Its tenets are preached in five edifices, two of them the most historic remaining in the city. Presbyterian?, Baptists, Methodists, Jews, all retain considerable congregations within the old line. But perhaps the most notable feature of the religious history of this region is the spread of the Roman Catholic Church. Proscribed under the eld colonial rule, this denomina- tion never had a chureh in New York until 1783. Then St. Peter's in Barclay-street was built. For thirty years more it remained the only Roman Catholic place of worship. At the present time there are five Catholic churches below Canal-street; fifty. six in the entire city.
THE CHARIOTS OF PHARAOH. The Marseilles Correspondent of the Daily News writesMarseilles will presently see pass through her city the members of a singular expedition. There has been organised at Paris, under the direction of the learned Abb6 Moigno, the founder of the Cesrao, a society haying for its objeet the dragging of the bottom of the Red Sea and the Bitter Lakes to find the chariots and treasures of the army of Pharaoh, sup- posed to be at the bottom of these waters covered by saline deposits. A sum of francs has been subscribed for the expense. Divert will search the Red Sea and the Bitter Lakes to discover the arms, the armour, and the precious stones that were in possession of the Egyptians when they where en- gulphed.
THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE UPON EDUCATION. On Friday in last week the Duke of Cambridge paid a visit to Cheltenham, and distributed the prizes at the college. Having distributed the prizes, his Royal Highness delivered an address, in the course of which he eaid he was glad to find that Cheltenham College was divided into three sections — the classical, the military, and the jur.ior. That, to his mind, was exactly the direction* in which those large colleges ought to act. A certain amount of general education was very valuable to every one, but there was a great deal in special education, for it was almost a waste of time to throw away study upon subjects which later on would probably never be required and would never be of ad- vantage to the student as an individual, and therefore of no advantage to the State.
THE PARCELS POST. The regulations for a Parcels Post were announced on Wednesday. On the 1st of August the new service will be begun, and there van be no doubt that the convenience to the public will be very great (remarks the Evening Standard). Parcels not exceeding 71bs. in weight, 6ttr. in girth, and 3ft. 6in. in length, may, after that date be sent by post at very reasonable rates; and these are liberal dimensions. Nothing is excluded that a respectable person would wish to send, the prohibition only including a few articles damaging to the physical or moral health of the officials and recipients. Grouse may be posted from Scotland on the 12th, and no doubt soon after the establishment of the Parcels Post many grouse will come southward. Live animals and birds are very properly excluded; but a • man may post a small leg of mutton or a few bottles of wine, if carefully packed up. Senders of parcels are not obliged to buy their own scales and weights. An officer will be on duty at the counter of the post-office, whose functions it will be to weigh parcels, inform the sender what stamps are required, and the rates "shall be paid by means of postage stamps affixed to such articles, and shall be verified by such officer." Parcels may be addressed to post offices "to be called for;" but there will be a charge of a penny a day while they are in the custody of the office.
THE SUNDERLAND DISASTER THE INQUEST. | The official inquiry into the cause of the deaths of the children who were killed in the disaster at the Victoria Hall, Sunderland, was resumed on Monday. The principal inquest was opened in Bishop wearmouth, before Mr. Crofton Maynard. At Monkwearmouth the Coroner for Chester Ward, Mr. Graham, met his jury and read a letter from the Home Onice, to the effect that each coroner was bound to hold his court separata from the other. He said Mr. Maynard had providadaccommodation of which his jury could take advantage. He would adjourn his court till Monday next, and they could then hear what evidence they thought necessary, and return a verdict. Mr. Alexander Fay, public entertainer, was the first witness called before Mr. Maynard's jury. He said there were 1,050 children in the gallery, and about twenty grown-up people. Witness made no applica- tion to the police to assist him in keeping order. The hall-keeper and his. wife were in the gallery looking after the children, while two men, Wybert and Raine, had charge of those in the pit. Witness never noticed the door which caused the catastrophe. Previous to the last conjuring trick he performed he asked Wybert if the doors were open and all in order, and he was told that all was right. After the performance he remained behind the stage for about ten minutes, not knowing that the accident had occurred, the children in the pit and gallery having apparently left in the ordinary manner, and the first intimation he bad of it was from his general assistant, Haseltine. He had previously seen no cause of danger about the hall It seemed quite safe. In cross-examination witness said he thought the hall- keeper and his wife were sufficient to manage 1,100 children in the gallery. He blamed the door for the accident. He said nothing to the hall keeper and his wife as to how the children were to be got out. The words he used at the close were, The performance is now concluded; the children in the gallery will get presents as they pass out." The system of giving prizes was the custom of all conjurers. Mt. Frank Caws, architect, produced a plan of the Victoria Hall, and described its arrangements. He had been upstairs many times, but never noticed the door in question. Assuming that the hall was pro- perly managed, and the door properly attended to. the means of exit were, in his opinion, safe under ordinary circumstances. George Carr Watson, schoolmaster, and Frederick Graham, the keeper of the hall, were also examined. The latter said he went down the gallery stairs re- peatedly, and saw that the door was all right. When he saw the crush of children he endeavoured to pull the bolt of the door, but did not succeed in removing it. The inquest was adjourned till next day when further evidenpe was taken, and a further adjournment took place. On Wednesday the hearing of the evidence concluded, and the jury, after an absence of an hour and forty minutes, returned into court with the following ver- dict We find that Frederick Mills and others met their deaths by Euffocation on the stairs leading from the gallery in the Victoria-hall on the 16ih of June, 1883, through the partial closing of a door on the landing, the door being fixed in its position by a bolt in the floor, but by whom there is not sufficient evidence to show; that the managers of the entertainment deserve censure for not having provided sufficient caretakers and assistants to preserve order in tne hall on that afternoon, and we oelieve that a partnership existed between Mr. Coates and Mr. Fay. We consider the modes of entrance and exit in the hall are sufficient, except as regards the door at which the fatality occurred, and we would recommend its removal at once. We attach no blame to the caretaker, but suggest that in future the pro- prietor of the hall should instruct him to show to all persons who engage the hall all its modes of ingress and egress." Mr. Robson stated, on behalf of the proprietor of the hall, that the door would be removed forthwith.
THE IN T ERN A T ION A LA R T EXHIBITION AT MUNICH. The International Art Exhibition at Musich was opened on Sunday with the usual ceremonies by PjrmceLuitpaldinpreaenoeofaM the Royal Ptinces with their suites, the heads of the Ministries, and a numerous and select company. The impresoion made by the exhibition was grand the vestibule, especially with the great cascade and fantastic fewer decorations, being beautiful. The palace now contains 2.232 oil paintings, 310 water-colours, 270 plastic works, and 140 graphic productions. In describing the opening ceremonies the Correspondent of the Daily News says:— At eleven o'clock Prince Luitpold, the King's uncle, followed by the Court in fifteen splendid blue- and-silver carriages, each drawn by four horses, arrived in front of the Crystal Palace, situated in the Botanical Gardens. The porches were deco- rated in the old German style with tall knotty pines and the flags of all nations. The entrance-hall of the Crystal Palace was transformed into a con- servatory. The centre was occupied by a high grotto, surmounted by a pyramid, from which a broad waterfall passed over many marble steps, surrounded by ferns and exotic plants. The lofty ball was entirely filled with palms and rhododendrons, forming a back- ground to the marble statues from all countries. Prince Luitpold, with his sons and daughters-in-law, and other Prince, oocupied the platform, which was surrounded by a crowd comprising the veteran generals of 1870, the Secretaries of State, the high functionaries, an arch- bishop, and the entire diplomatic corps, among which could be noted the brilliant uniform of the English representative, with whom Prince Lnitpold shook I hands after having listened to the opening address. This was delivered by the President of the Art Society. Herr Ferdinand von Miller, director of the Royal Foundry where the colossal statue of Germania, to be placed upon a rock in the Rhine in commemora- tion of the victories in 1870, has just been finished. The President conducted the Royal party through the entire Exhibition, occupying twenty large and fifty lesser rooms. While the Royal procession was moving through the Crystal Palace the military bands played alternately. It is impossible to mention even the most noteworthy of the three thousand and odd pictures. Connoisseurs turn with eager expectation to the fine collection" of English painters, which never before mustered so many first-rate names in a Continental exhibition. The Spanish Salon contains mostly realistic works, in which dead bodies play the fore- most part; but some of the pictures are very fine. The Americans have exhibited some good landscapes, but they principally excel in black and white. Austria bas sent some of its masterpieces. Several Hungarian pictures are also very fine. The German pictures are so numerous that they will require many visits to be properly valued. The exhibition is con- sidered one of the finest ever held.
EXTRAORDINARY DEATH. An extraordinary fatal accident occurred last Satur. day morning to Mr. John Peters, china merchant, Old Bromptpn, Chatham. The deceased gentleman had a wooden leg. As he was coming downstairs from his bedroom the wooden leg penetrated one of the stairs in a worn part, and the deceased was thrown violently back upon another stair, breaking his back. Death took place shortly afterwards. The deceased was a prominent member of the Oddfellows' Society.
THE ELECTRIC LIGHT AT THE NEW LAW COURTS, By permission of the First Commissioner of Works there was a special exhibition the other night of the mode of lighting the Royal Courts of Justice, which has been carried out by the Swan United Electric Light Company. The great hall is lighted by six Crompton arc lamps, each of 4,000-candio power, by which an ample flood of light is diffused throughout this noble hall, although the strong light thrown on the roof has the effect of dwarfing its height. The 20 courts are lighted by Swan lamps, of which there are 625 distributed in various parts of the Palace of Justice. The fittings are simple in character and adapted as far as possible to the style of each court. The generating machinery, which is at presen located in a temporary building outside the court, in- cludes a steam-engine capable of driving 400 of the Swan lamps as well as six arc lamps^60 accumulators, and six dynamo machines. The motive power is thus bioken up and subdivided so that no hitch may occur in the supply. Upwards of 20,000 yards of conducting wires are laid within the buildings, and every precaution for safety has of course been adopted. Suoh portions of the lighting as has been in use since the opening of the courts has given eatiafaction, and it is estimated that the cost will ba something like 25s. per hour, as against j62, the probable cost of gas.
THE LONDON CORN MARKET. The Mark Lane Express of Monday says :—There are heavy arrivals of foreign and a scanty supply of English wheat at this morning's market, and with a continuance of fine hot weather the trade has come practically to a standstill. There is not sufficient business passing to establish quotations, which, there- fore, remain nominally unchanged. There appears to be no demand for flour. Maize is dull and weaker mixed American 26s. 6d. ex ship. Barley dull and unchanged. Malt is not inquired for. Oats are quiet, but firmer the finest Russian and Swedes are rather dearer. Beans rather firmer in anticipation of reduced supplies from Egypt. Peas unchanged. Linseed dull and about 3d. cheaper on the week; Calcutta seed, 40s. 6d. ex ship.
AN ASYLUM DESTROYED BY FIRE. A Times telegram says that the Harrisburg Alms- house, Pennsylvania, filled with insane and decrepit inmates, was on Monday totally destroyed by fire, the loss amounting to 150,000 dols. Two women only were slightly burnt, but the loss of life might have been appalling had not one cool-headed woman, seeing the imminence of the danger, quickly driven all able-bodied persons from the building, and secured the speedy removal of the helpless inmates.
The number of suicides in Berlin has now reached the abnormal average of nearly 53 per month, or well on to 2 per day. In the cricket match between Middlesex and Kent, at Lords, Middlesex on Tuesday gained a viotory by six wickets. At the Oval Surrey won a aingle-innings victory over Sussex,
HOW A LOCOMOTIVE WAS RAISED FROM A RIVER. The Elevated Railroad Journal relates how the feaC of raising a huge freight engine from the mud in Busfe River, on the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Balti" more Railroad, below Havre du Grace, was success- fully accomplished a few days since. The engine fell through the drawbridge some time ago. The diil. culties of the feat may be imagined when it is under- stood that the engine was several feet below the water's surface, and completely buried in the mud. The wreckers have been at work a week, the first thing ac- complished being the placing of heavy chains beneath the great mass of iron. Two divers, sent down for this purpose, were compelled to dig several feet under the soft mud at the bottom of the river. The chains were made taut to four heavy scows, which were filled with water at low tide. Everything being satis* factory, the water was pumped out of the scows, thus tightening the chains about the engine. When the tide began to rise the engine was pulled a few feet from the mud. Then other scows were brought, and when the tide was again, ow water was pumped in and the chains fastened to them. The tide went up again; and so did the engine, which came to the surface. After this had been repaated a number of times, the engine was swinging clear of the water, and was then placed on a large float, only slightly damaged, and wanting but few repairs to make it as good as be- fore its tumble into the river. The railroad will now take charge of its fished up property, and tow it to the river bank near the railroad track. To that point, when the tide is high, a temporary track will be built connecting with the railroad, and when the tide has fallen sufficiently to place the wheels of the engine on a level with the temporary structure, the engine will then be run on the wharf and to the main track. It cost 1,000 dols. to fish the engine out.
THE BOMBARDMENT OF TAMATAVE. Writing from Tamatave on June 14, the Oorre- spondent of the Standard gives the following further particulars respecting the bombardment of that place As soon as it was known that the Hovas had re- jected the Ultimatum presented by the French Com- mander the majority of the foreign residents here took refuge on board the ships in the harbour. The bombardment of the fort lasted two honrs. The Hovas made no reply to the French fire, and evacuated the fort after it had been struck by the first few shells. The town itself was set on fire in several places, partly by the French shells and partly by the native inhabitants, who seemed determined that the French should gain nothing by the occupation. Fortunately, none of the foreign residents lost their lives, and their property did not suffer much injury. The French landed on the 11th, about nine hundred men coming off to occupy the town. Within half an hour from the time they landed they took possession of the fort,there being no one inside to offer any resistance. Steps were immediately taken to strengthen the fort, and the French mounted a number of their own guns in it, BO as to be able to make a good defence in case they were attacked. Five hundred of the men were left as a garrison, and the rest subsequently returned to the ships. The Efovas have retreated to the hi4s near the town, where they are being reinforced from the capital. A conflict is expected, as the French picquets are feeling their way towards the interior. The French flag was hoisted at the fort to-day, and the town is in a state of siege. When this place was bombarded the number of British subjects living in the town was about six hun- dred.
SERIOUS FIRES IN LONDON. A destructive outbreak of fire, with which were associated two mishaps of a serious nature occurred in London at a late hour on Saturday night. About eleven o'clock it was discovered that 93 and 94, Long- acre, occupied by Messrs. E. Kesterton and Co., coach-makers, were on fire. The engines at Chandos- street were immediately turned out, and while those from several other stations in the surrounding district also came upon the scene, Captain Shaw, C.B., the Chief Superintendent, and Mr. Simonds, the second officer of tha brigade arrived to direct the operations of the men. The third and fourth floors of a building of six floors, in use as a manufac- tory, were well alight before the brigade could get to work, though no fewer than 17 steamers and four stand-pipes were brought into operation. The build- ing was a lofty one, and the American truck ladder, which was found of great use in the last great City fire, did a very useful task. The men of the brigade were got to work from every possible point, and every effort was made to thoroughly surround the fire. The roof Boon caught however, and the reflection then shown caused a turning out of nearly every fire engine in the whole metropolis. It was within a few minutes after midnight that what proved a serious incident in connexion with the fire occurred. The men of the brigade had been getting some hose through the unoccupied building which was formerly the Queen's Theatre, and Captain Shaw had been up to see the position occupied by these men, as the roof was on fire and the flames were spreading very rapidly. In order to mount to the roof it was necessary to use a very awkward step-ladder. The wet and slippery hose which had passed over the rungs had made them exceptionally dangerous, and Captain Shaw had got about half way down when he slipped and went down to the bottom. As he went he struck against the ladder and fell heavily upon his spine. He rose to his feet, however, when the sound of a second fall was heard, and engineer Port, one of the officers in charge of the head. quarters of the brigade, who had also been upon the roof, fell from the top to the bottom of the steps and was picked up senseless. He was carried down to the street, and an ambulance being procured, engineer Port was taken to King's College Hospital. Captain Shaw was ac- companied in a hose-van by Mr. Simonds, the second officer, to the same hospital as the engineer, and on arrival there it was not found necessary to detain him. On Sunday he still felt the effects of the severe shook, and, being in very considerable pain, was compelled to keep his bed. Me nwhile the fire had raged fiercely in the building in which it had first brokenout, ana the brigade, who were for the time directed by Super- intendent Gatehouse, worked very arduously in their efforts at getting the fire in hand. This task, how- ever, was not accomplished until four o'clock on Sun- day morning. The following ia the official report:—" Called at 11.4 p.m. on Saturday to Nos. 93 and 94, Long-acre, to the premises occupied by Messrs. E. Kesterton and Co., coach-makers; cause of the fire is unknown insurance effected unknown. Damage—a building of six floors used as manufactory, three upper floors burnt out, the roof destroyed, and the remainder of the building and the cantents damaged by water, smoke and removal. No. 95, ditto (unoccupied), three rooais on the fourth floor severely damaged by fire, and a part of the roof destroyed. No. 86, ditto, R. Clarke, coffee-house keeper contents in front shop damaged by water, &c." At an early hour on Monday morning another fire broke^iut in London, which at one time threatened to assume alarming proportions. The scene of the conflagration was the extensive size and glue manu- factory carried on by Messrs. Prockter and Bevington, in Grange-road, Bermondaey. The premises oovered as near as possible an acre and a half of ground, and were comparatively new, having been built but a few months. At a quarter to two o'clock the watchman at an adjftiuing tannery, observed some dense smoke issuing from the rear of the glue manu- factory, and at once gave the alarm but before it was possible to convey the information to the nearest fire station, the flames had broken out and the rear of the building was well alight. Inspector Brown, of the M division of police, was soon on the spot with a num- ber of constables, and by dint of great exertions, and with the assistance of a number of bystanders, the horses belonging to Messrs. Prockter and Bevington were removed to a distance. The first engine to arrive was that from the Old Kent-road Station, and this was so quickly followed by others that ere many minutes had elapsed there were no fewer than 22 engines present. These, under the direction of Mr. Superintendent Hamblyn, were soon got to work, bat all the efforts of the firemen to save the buildings were un- availing, and their attentions were turned to the sur- rounding property. The inflammable nature of the materials caused the flames to burn with much fierce- ness, and the reflection *vas seen for many miles round. Of the buildings there was nothing saved beyond the engine-house, shaft, and iron girders. The fire caused great alarm to a number of people the rear of whose houses adjoined the glue works. The flames reached to the gardens, destroyed a number of sheds, and scorched the houses. In several instances the house- hold effects were removed in,to the road. The engines ceased playing shortly after ;6ve o'clock. It is stated that upwards of 230,000 worth of stock alone was destroyed.
A sad accident occurred to a bicyclist on Monday night near Wrexham. A young tnan named Margetts was riding his bicycle when the noachine came in con- tact with a large stone, upsetting the rider, throwing him to the ground over the handles with great violenoe. It was found that Margetts had sustained severe injuries, both his arms being broken* and his faee cut ia a fearful manner,