BWBMBJBWBBBWMWBBBgilWBMBBMBb' IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. THE CRISIS IN EGYPT. In the HOUSE OF LORDS, July 10, Earl Granville said My Lords, on Thursday last 1 Informed your lordships' House of the state of affairs then existing in Alexandria, and I stated that Her Majesty's Government were not aware that pre- parations of a hostile character were goiug on at Alexandria. Since then the British Admiral has reported that last week guns were being mounted on the fort outside the harbour. Yesterday we were informed by the Admiral that prepara- tions were going on for action, and that guus were being mgunted, and he proposed this morning to send an Ultimatum. I have 110 doubt that the Admiral has notified this morning to the local authorities that unless there is a temporary surrender of the forts for the purpose of disarm- ing them be will open fire upon them to-motrow morning. (Cheers.) It is a painful tiling for a Power like England to be obliged to exercise force against those who ara weaker, but I believe there is no alternative. (Hear. hear.) These hostile preparations have been going on in defiance of the wishes of the Khedive, in defiance of the orders of the Sultan, and despite the assurances of the local authorities themselves. The act is simply an act of legitimate self- defence. (Hear, hear.) Lord Carlingford movfd the second reading of the Preven- tion of Crime (Ireland) Bill, the object and provisions of which he explained at some length. Lord Oranmore believed that this Bill ought not to be passed in a hurry. It was a long and complicated measure and would bear improvement in Committee. Lord Waveney regarded the measure as moderate in its provisions, far-reaching in its scope, and calculated if firmly administered to do a great amount of good. The Marquis of Salisbury, while expressing willingness to accept the Bill on the responsibility of the Government, eould not but note that much of the difficulty in dealing with Ireland had arisfn from the disinclination of the Go^rnment to look the state of things boldly in the face and deal with it accordingly. In agreeing to pass the Bill without amendment, he could not help thinking that, it would have been better in cases where difficulty might be expected in securing a fair trial in Ireland to have made provision for change of venue co-tK&eu- • with the rest of the United Kingdom, rather than to have suspended trial by jury. He trusted th" Government would administer the act with zeal and thm. ness when it became law at the same time, he feared that much of the existing evil was due to the vacillation with which they had hitherto applied the principles of legislation, and through which the people gradually unlearned the be- lief they formerly entertained in the strength of purpose of the English Government. The Bill was then read a second time. A number of Bills having been advanced a stage their lordships adjourned. In the HOUSE OF COMMONS, a considerable time at the beginning of the sitting was occupied by a discussion on the London River-side Fish Market Bill, a private measure intro- duced on account of the inadequacy of Billingsgate to supply the wants of the metropolis. The Lords' amendments to the Bill stood for consideration, and were ultimately rejected without a division. In answer to questions from Sir 8. Northcote and Mr. Onslow on the critical state of affairs in Egypt, Sir C. Diike gave details as to the communications which had passed between Admiral Seymour and the Egyptian authorities reference to the earthworks erected and the other menacing preparations made at Alexandria. He con- cluded, amid cheers, by announcing that ths Admiral had, with the approval of Her Majesty's Government, given the foreign Consuls notice at daylight on Monday morning that he would commence action twenty-four hours afterwards unless the forts'in the isthmus, and also those commanding the entrance to the harbour, are temporarily surrendered for the purpose of being disarmed. In answer to Sir W. Lawson, who asked whether, before the fleet attacked the Egyptians, any declaration of war would be made, Mr. Gladstone denied that au attack on the Egyptians was an accurate description of a measure which the Government regarded as purely defensive and necessary for the security of the fleet. CETYWAYO'S VISIT TO ENGLAND. Mr. Gibson asked the Attorney-General what would be the status of Cetywayo within the iimits of the United Kingdom would he be regarded by Her Majesty's Govern- ment as free or as a prisoner of war if he was treated as a prisoner, and a writ of habeas corpus should be applied for on his behalf, what legal justification would be offered for his detention; was the Colonial Act passed for his detention spent by his release and was it intended to pass an Act for the indemnity of those who might assist 4n his future detention, similiar to the Act passed in the year 1816, in consequence of Napoleon Bonaparte having been detained and kept in custody in the Island of St. Helena?" t The Attorney-General, m reply, said: I fear I cannot- answer the five questions of the right hon. gentleman quite so briefly as I should wish, for, without some explanation, my answer might give rise to misunderstanding. Cety- wayo is coming to this country at his own special request. In order to do so, he quits the legal custody in which he now is upon certain terms. He has agreed to obey all directions given to him, and acquiesces in the right of her Majesty's Government to make such future dispositions as to his custody as may he thought right. While in this country ha will not unless circumstances shall arise which are not now contemplated, be subjected to the actual re- straints which generally accompany the position of a pri- soner of war, but he will necessarily be always accom- panied by some one who will be approved by the Government. This will, I think, give a practical answer to the right hon, gentleman's first and second question, but I do not desire to shriiik from bearing the responsibility of the opinion given by the Solicitor-General and myself in March last, Sod which is referred to in Lord Kimberley's despatch of March 9. We advised the Colonial Office that Cetywayo could, if the Government thought right, be treated as a prisoner of war, and we adhere to that opinion. Mr. Gibson: Treated now as a prisoner The Attorney-General: Yes, now. I am aware that a different view has been expressed elsewhere, and while I speak with sincere respect for that opinion, my learned friend and I adhere to the advice we have already given. "While the country was at war with Cetywayo as King of the Zulus, he v.a.8 taken prisoner by our forces. No treutv of peace lias been made with him, and no peace has been made which affects his statue. My view is that the right to detain a prisoner of war continues until the country which captured him agree to bis release. I am glad to think that this view has been expressed by Lord Ellenborough and Lerd Eidon. In reference to our light to detain Napoleon Bonaparte, the former Bald:—"From the consequences of that state of war he cannot be re- deemed but by the terms of such treaty of peace as we may make with him individually, or with others for him. Being once an enemy he can only be at peace with us by our act and consent, and, of course, upon such terms onJy as we shall mutually agree upon" And Lord IGJdou said" The question is whether, if we have a right to treat him as a prisoner of war, it can possibly be incon- sistent with justice or the law of nations that till some tysnce is made by treaty with some person considered as his Sovereign, cr till some peace is made with him, we keep him in prison ill some part of the King's dominions. I presume if we can keep him as a prisoner of war for a moment, we can keep him until some peace is made with him or including him" The opinion thus expressed appears to have been entertained by the late Government, for Cetywayo was detained as a prisoner of war from the termination of the war in August, 1879, until July, 1880. when he was handed over to the authorities of the Cape Colony. As to the third question. I cannot auticipftto that any writ of habeas corpus can be applied for, or that any such motion would be entertained but if it be, a return would be made setting out the fscta according to the truth. To the fourth question, I say that I think that as soon as Cetywayo passes from his present detention, the powers of the Colonial Act will be spent; but that Act was pas.ed to justify Cetywayo's detention by the Cape Colony on the ground that the colony, as such, not having been at war with him, there was no power to detain him in the colony. Imperial rights are not interfered with by its powers being expended. The last question of my right hon. friend is calculated to give rife to a false impression. The Act of Indemnity passed in 1816 did not contain any indemnity on account of the detention of Napoleon Bonaparte, but only on account of certain orders which might have been given or acts which might have been done at St. Helena under the urgency of the occasion in order safely to detain him. I will only add that on introducing that Bill into this House" in March, 1816, Lord Castlereagh said he did not thinlj that any Act of Indemnity was necessary,' for he maintained our right to detain Napoleon Bonaparte as a prisoner of war, although a treaty of peace with France had been concluded, and Mr Brougham said ?-HWhether we consider Bonaparte as a prisoner of war not claimed by his own Government or in any other light, we have an un- questionable right to detain him, even by the law of notions, without any Act of Parliament." I believe I have now answered ail the questions put to me by the right hon. gentleman. Mr. Gibson Will he be allowed any change of residence, and will he be allowed to go to Ireland ? ITo answer. MINISTERIAL STATEMENT. AN AUTUMN SESSION. In a House that had become densely crowded, Mr. Glad- stone rose and said that hon. members would probably expect to hear a few words from hm in reference to what occurred on Friday afternoon. That occurrence (the ad- verse division on the Crime Prevention Bill) was, as far as he knew, without precedent in the annals of the House, and he had his own opinion res pec ling it; but he thought it his duty to examine what had happened in relation to its practical bearing and the pecu- liar responsibility of the Government at the present moment. The House had placed in the hands of the Government a Dower which the latter deemed to be unnecessary; but as the nowers of the Bil' generally were discretionary, it would he the dutv of the Government to exercise such, and such only, as thev might find to be necessary, and with regard to this par- ticular nower he cherished the hope that no such necessity wduld arise Tf, however, the necessity did arise, it was ShvimiB that the Government would be under the same obligation and responsibility with respect to this particular ^w!r as they Vere with regard to the other powers of the BilL As to the future business of the Session, he pre- sup- posed thatthe t wo Ms h BUIs would become law; but if anything intervened to prevent them, or either of them, from becoming law, then, in reference to the statement be was about to make, the Government would reserve to themselves full liberty of action. He went on to explain that he had abandoned all hopes of pacing any of the Bills announced at the commencement of the Session, with the excepeion of the Corrupt Practices Bill. Further, It was, in view of the Government, quite impossible, with the prospect ef business before them, to introduce in the present Session any measure for the amendment of the Irish Land Act. After the two Irish Bills had become law, there- fore, they would wind up the ordinary business of the Ses- ion, and ask the House to adjourn for a considerable time. One question was whether he couid pot3ibly ask the House to enter do now into the question of the Rules of Procedure. j That, however, was a question which could only be dealt with at a time when members could attend in large numbers. He should, consequently, propose an adjournment of the House to some day in the second half of October, when he would ask it to apply itself to the subject of Procedure from day to day, and, unless the necessity arose, not to trouble it at that period with any other subject. At the close of the discussion on Procedure the prorogation would take place in the usual manner. 8ir S. Northcote, remarking upon this intimation, said it was to he understood that if there should be occasion at any moment to challenge the <>>reign policy of the Government, the Government would afford the House an opportunity for that purpose. With regard to the serious statement, of the Prims Minister as to an autumn Session, he asked whether it was really intended to have another Irish Session in 1883 ? (Mr. Gladstone here signified dissent) He also suggested that it would be fairer to the House if they had a more complete statement of the intentions of the Government in respect to the rules of procedure. ARREARS OF RENT (IRELAND) BILL. The consideration of this Bill in Committee was resumed. Sir 8. Northcote moved an amendment to Clause 1 to the effect that the application to the Land Commission for the settlement ef the arrears of rent must be a joint appli- cation by both landlord and tenant." This was opposed by Mr. Gladstone as being contrary to the principle of the bill, which was that of compulsion and gift, and after a lengthy discussion was negatived by 248 to 170. Mr. J. Lowther then proposed an amendment removing the jurisdiction in cases of arrears from the Laud Commis- sion to the county court judges, but this was negatived by 249 to 177. Some further amendments were disposed of, and the clause was still under discussion when progress was re- ported. After some other business, the House adjourned atfiva minutes to two o'clock.
In the HouSEl OF LiRDS, July 11, at the instance of Lord Salisbury, Lord Northbrook read the telegrams received by the Government up to the time of the meeting of the House with regard to the state of affiairs at Alexandria. Lord Carnarvon inquired whether the noble Earl could give thtir Lordships auy assurances respecting the safety of the Khedive but Lord Northbrook replied that no informa- tion on the subject had been received by the Government. Lord Delawarr wished to hear from the Foreign Secretary whether any formal declaration of war had been made, and for what reason war was being waged. Lord Granville declined to answer the inquiry on the ground of the inconvenience of entering at that moment, and without notice, upon the discussion of questions of In- ternational law. The Prevention of Crime (Ireland) Bill went through Committee, and was reported without amendments; and the standing orders having been snspended, the Bill was read a third time and passed. Their lordships were engaged for nearly three hours con- sidering the Eutail (Scotland) Bill in Committee. Ulti- mately the Bill passed through Committee, and was reported with amendments to the House. Several other Bills having been adv. ncs i a stage, their lordships adjourned at five minutes to se, en o'clock. THE CRISIS IN EGYPT. In the HOUSE OF COMMONS, at the Morning Sitting, Mr. Gorst asked whether is was intended by the Premier to obtain the previous consent of Parliament before advising her Majesty to employ her Indian forces in Egypt, and Mr. Gladstone replied that such a contingency had not arrived, and that her Majesty had not been advised to em- ploy her Indian forces in Egypt. Mr W. H. Smith having inquired whether the Secretary to the Admiralty had any iuformation regarding the progress of the bombardment of Alexandria, and especially whether any of her Majesty's ships had received damage, and as to any casualties among the crews, Mr. Bannermau read the tele- grams which had reached the Admiralty on the subject from Air. Moore, the Secratary of the Commander in Chief, who was on board the telegraph ship off Alexandria. He added that no information had been received respecting damage to the ships or casualties among the crew. That information would come in course of time from the Admiral himself. Mr. Gladstone stated, in answer to Mr. Richard, that there was a general understanding among the members of the Conference at Constantinople that no separate action should be taken by any one Power pending the deliberations of thai body but from this understanding was expressly excepted at the time a class of cases under which the bombardment would fall. There could not, therefore, have been a depar- ture from that understanding. He was not aware of any representations having been addressed by the Representa- tives of the other Powers to the British authorities with re- gard to the bombardment. ARREARS OF RENT (IRELAND) BILL. The House went again in Committee on the Arrears Bill, and resumed the consideration of the first clause (settle- ment by Land Commission of arrears of rent). In sub-section (G), requiring, as one of the matters to be proved before the Court, that the tenant is unable to pay his antecedent arrears, Mr. H. Allen moved the inser- tion after "unable" of the words "by reason of failure of crops or disaster to stock, and without fault on his own part.' Mr. Gladstone opposed the amendment because it would unduly enlarge the scope of the inquiry to be made by the Commissioners. After some observations from Mr. Gibson and Mr. Goschen, Sir M. Hicks-Beach proposed to alter the amendment by substituting wilful default" for default." Mr. Gladstone pointed out that it was impossible to dispose of the question thus raised satisfactorily on the present amendment, observing that the matter being one of some importance and extreme delicacy, he desired an oppor- tunity of consulting with Ills colleagues befoxe arriving at a final conclusion upon it. After some further discussion, Mr. Allen (ffered to with draw the original amendment; but Sir M. Hicks-Beach re- fusing to waive his amendment upon it, a division was taken upon the amendment of the right hon. baronet, which was thrown out by 261 to 184, and Mr. Allen's proposal was after- wards negatived. Mr. Gibson then moved an amendment providing that the tenant shall prove that he was unable to pay his arrears when they accrued due. This was opposed by Mr. Gladstone, who offered an alter- native amendment requiring it to be proved that the tenant was unable to discharge his antecedent arrears without the loss of his holding or the deprivation of the means necessary for its cultivation." Mr. Gibson, however, preferred to abide by his own pro- posal, and, after a short discussion, it was rejected by 233 to 161, when progress was reported, and the sitting sus- pended. At the Evening Sitting, Mr. Childers moved the amend- ment which Mr. Gladstone offered as an alternative to the one proposed by Mr. Gibson and rejected just before the morning sitting closed. Sir H. Giffard and Mr. Tottenham opposed the amend- ment as placing the landlord in a worte position than any other creditor. Mr. Goschen suggested that if the Committee accepted the principle that no tenant was to be forced to lose his holding through the realization of his tenant-right, the Government, on the other hand, should introduce safe- guards by which, where the tenant-right was of great value, it; should be treated as an asset in estimating the occupier's ability to pay. Mr. Gladstone admitted that in some cases the tenant- right might be fairly looked on as a possible asset—for example, where its value very largely exceeded the amount of the arrears but it was essential that the tenant should not be driven from his holding or deprived of the stock necessary for"its cultivation. After some discussion, in which several hon. members took part, Mr. Gladstone's amendment was agreed to. Some further amendments were discussed, and the clause was still under consideration when progress was'reported. Some other business having been disposed of, the House adjourned at five minutes to two o'clock.
In the HOUSE OF LORDS, July 12, the Royal Assent was given by Commission to the Prevention of Crime (Ireland) Act and a number of other statutes, most of which were private measures. THE EGYPTIAN CRISIS. In the HOUSE OF COMMONS Mr. J. Cowen asked the Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs if any remonstrance had been received from the Porte respecting the bombard- nient of the Alexandria forts, and if the terms of the remon- strance would be contained in the next papers issued re- specting Egypt. The hon. member added that he would like to ask whether any remonstrance had been received from any other Power. Mr C. Dilke said in reply: No remonstrance had been re- ceived from the Porte since the bombardment, but a remon- strance in advance against the present bombardment was received stating that our fire would not be returned from the forts. As a matter of fact our fire was returned. No remonstrance has been received from any other Power. Mr. Ashmead-Bartlett: Did the Consul General in Egypt protest against the bombardment. Sir C. Dilke Not, so far as I know, but notice ought to be given of the question. Sir M. H. Beach Is there any truth in the telegram which appeared this morning in the newspapers from Musurus Pacha, in which the Porte refers to the extreme gravity of the fact of the bombardment, and requested its immediate cessation. Sir C. Dilke: I have said that a remonstrance was re- ceived in advance, but it was sent out before the bombard- ment began, and no remonstrance has been received since it begun. I daresay we shall receive one in the course of the day. (A laugh.) Several other questions having been put to the Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs and to the Prime Minister, Mr. Gourley said he felt it his duty to ask the Prime Minister if he could not now, with due regard to the public interest, inform the House and the country what policy her Majesty's Government was adopting in regard to the present bombardment of Egypt. tie thought the time had come when the Government should tell the House and the country what they really meant by their present action. (Cheers, and Move.") He concluded by moving the ad- journment of the House. Sir W. Lawson, in seconding the motion, denounced t! e transaction In his characteristic vigorous and pungent style. It was a national crime, he said a cowardly, cruel, and criminal act; a drifting into war with our eyes open a mas- sacre of the Egyptian people-all of which was loudly cheered by the gentlemen on the other side below the gangway. What, he asked, had become of the concert of Europe and of the non-intervention principles on which the Government had made their way to the Treasury Bench ? And he warned the Prime Minister that it he persevered in his policy he would lose the confidence of the working-classes who had brought him into office. The hon. member con- cluded his speech by saying :—Let the Chancellor of the Duchy make a campaign of the large towns of England and call upon the working-men to fight for the status quo ante, and he would find that the working-men were noo in favour of the policy of gunpowder. They were true in the cotton famine; they were not "Cotton Jingoes;" when their living depended upon getting cotton they were true to freedom, and were against military interference. They were true to the Prime Minister; they put him into power; let him recognise the faet. He knew they were true to him m the Mid Lothian campaign, and jast in pro- portion as the Government had been true to the policy and principles then enunciated, so had they been success- ful in earning the confidence of the country, and just as they had departed from them had they (landed them- selves in disaster and discredit. ("Oh.") It was once said by Mr. Cobden that most Englishmen have as much religion as will carry them to the Cape, and then they give it up. He hoped it was not so, and he hoped it was not to b* said that our statesmen had just as many principles as would carry them to the Treasury Bench, and then they gave them up. He said deliberately, it would have been im- possible for a Conservative Government to have bom- barded these forts, because we Bbould have had the Home Secretary stumping the country and denouncing the govern- ment by ultimatum. We should have had the Secretary for India moving a resolution condemning proceedings takes behind the baok of Parliament. We should have had the President of the Board of Trade summoning the caucases. (Loud laughter.) And we should have had the other right hon. member for Birmingham declaiming there against the wretched Tory Government. As for the Prime Minister, they all knew that the railway- train would have pulled up at every roadside station in order that he might; denounce such a step atid proclaim No intervention" and Downfall of the Ministry." (Laughter.) He repeated that it was perfectly lament- able to see men whom they had respected and t laced m power now turuing round upon every principle they haa professed, and carrying out a policy abhorrent to every lover of justice and right. He be.'ged them to reconsider their position and listen to the dictates of common sense, common justice, and common humanity. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Gladstone, who was received with cheers, stated that it was not exclusively the interests of the bondholders in- deed, it was almost wholly without reference to them that the proceedings of Tuesday were taken. With respect to the Government of France, it would be impertinent on hia part to discuss the reasons that led that country to decline taking part in the measures of the Government. France was acting on her right, as this country was doh'g. It would be a great mistake to suppose that a difference of action at this particular juncture implied ar.y change in the relations of the two Governments of England and France. Though he objected to nearly evti-y sentence in the hon. baronet's speech, he had so much respect for him that he would avoid every word that would seem to partake of severity. The hon. baronet (Sir Wilfrid Lawson) seemed to think it was friendly to mar intervention on r general principles but the hon. baronet did not quote any- thing in support of that idea. On the contrary, all his (Mr. Gladstone's) objection to the late Government for some time was expressly founded on the change that they had not used intervention enough. The hon. baronet said we were at war with Egypt. He (Mr. Gladstone) could not admit that (a Voice: With whom are we at war ? ") He did not admit that we were at war with anvbody. When the Turkish fleet was destroyed at the battle of Navaiino the operation was not called one of war. The hon. baronet also asked what had become of the concert of Europe. W,11, exactly what had become of the navigation of the Suez Canal. It was still in force. Nothing had been done to weaken it Tho Government had not departed from it, nor done anything to impair it. (Cheeis) The Government had stated in the most distinct language that they were fighting for the safety of the fleet. The mafeaacra at Alexandria a few weeks ago remained wholly unexamined and unavenged. If that was allowed to go unexamined, could the hon. baronet reflect with satisfaction upon the effect that it would have not only on the position of all Englishmen, but of all European subjects in the East. (Cheers.) Tha hon. baronet asked what would hive happened if tha German fleet appeared in the Thames and demanded the dismissal of the Secretary for War. He (Mr. Gladstone) could not say what the consequences would have been, hub he could say that if the Secretary for War were the dictator of the country he would not have taken into custody her Majesty the Queen. (Laughter.) A private telegram had been received stating that at half past one (Alexandria time) that day a flag of truce was M'nt from the citv and was on its way to the fleet. Tha present state of Egypt "was simply a state of military violence without, any law, and the question whether that state of military violence was agreeable to the peop e of Kgypt was a question that had not yet been answered, and it could not be solved while the military violence remained. The Government knew that the military violrncowas in defiance of the orders of the Sultan and the will of the Khedive. Is was a military tyranny over all ranks and classes. Her Majesty's Government had abjured every selfish purpose. It was not the people of Egypt, but those who oppressed them —(Cheers)—who were the sufferers by the operations con ducted so considerately and with so much real honour to the country on Tuesday by British arnn. The measure taken was not one of hostility to the people of Egypt, but primarily and only in self-defence; and the sufferers were not the people of Egypt, but those who established a mili- tary violence against the will of the people of Egypt. A debate ensued, in which Mr. Magniac, Mr. Rylands, Mr. O'Kelly, Mr. lllingworth, Sir Stafford Northcote, and other hon. members took part. The motion for adjournment was at length withdrawn. THE ARREARS BILL. The House went into committee on this Bill. Mr. Goschen moved an amendment providing that such sum of money advanced as the Land Commission might order should be a charge, without interest, on the amount realised on the sale of the holding, when it should be pa'd in pre- ference to alt other charges except rent, but he withdrew it, after some discussion, in the course of which Mr. Gladstone declined to accept it. Mr. Earoyd moved that the money advanced by the State should be a debt due from the tenant to the Land Commis- sion, and should be repaid, with one per cent. per annum interest, by 15 annual instalments. After some discussion, the Committee divided, for the amendment 167, against 268 majority, 101. The result was received with Ministerial cheers, and the Committee then adjourned. In reply to Mr. W. H. Smith, Mr. Campbell-Bar,Herman said that the only telegram received since two o'clock from Egypt stated that at noon operations were suspended on a gunboat appearing with a flag of trueb. The House adjourned at six o'clock.
The ROYAL AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY'S SHOW AT READING. The Shew of the Royal Agricultural Society opened on Monday at Reading. The Exhibition is reported to be one of the best that has been held for many years. The weather was, however, very unfavourable, and after a fair morning, shower followed shower during the afternoon with a persistency that could not fail to tell on the attendance of visitors. The re- sult was that, at seven o'clock, the hour for closing, there had been only 1,709 admissions, not more than half the usual number, and less than any preceding year since 1875, when the society met at Taunton. Excepting at Kilburn in 1879, the Society has never received so many entries of either cattle or sheep and the number of pigs was exceeded only in 1876. There are 598 entries of cattle against 393 l;lst year, 434 in 1880, 443 in 1879, 378 in 1877, 465 in 1876, and 340 in 1875. Of sheep there are 442 pens, against 414 last year, 434 in 1880, 397 in 1878, 418 in 1877, 407 in 1876, and 359 in 1875, Pigs number 188 entries, against 167 last year, and 146 in 1880. This unparalleled exhibition of live stock is accompanied by a smaller show of horses than ever. There are only 239 entries. which is far below the total to be seen at several of the country shows.—We take the following particulars from an account given by the Daily News oi Tues- day :— The judges began work punctually at nine o'clock, four rings being simultaneously in opei ation. Two champion prizes were offered by a member of the Council of the society to encourage the breeding of good agricultural horses, and the first was won by Mr. Shaw's Cromwell, which, having taken the highest honour as the best agricultural stallion, was adjudged the fittest recipient of the special award as ths best horse outside the Clydesdale and Suffolk classes. Lord Eliesmere took three prizes with his shire horses, the Hon. E. K. A. Coke fii-st in two-year-olds, and second in the older class Mr. Gi^bey's Spark came second in class 1. The second champion prize for the best Clydesdale was given to Mr. George Rodger's chestnut Warlock. First prizes in this breed also fell to Mr. J. Whyte's Pointsman, and Mr. Dashwood Lang's Victor Chief. The Suffoiks were an excellent lot. Mr. Samuel Wolton's Chief tiau and Chief of the East took the two first prizes, and the Duke of Hamilton's i he Chief was first in the two-year-old class. For marea and foals, the most successful exhibitors were Mr. T. H. Miller, the Duke of Westminster, the Duke of Richmond, and Messrs. E. and A. Stanford. The agricultural horses were a very fale sample, but not numerous. The agricultural fillies wers good. The .Prince of Wales competed this year in the horse ring, amongst this set of classes winnine a second prize with Jewel, Lanca- shire bred, foaled in 1879. lie was beaten by Mr. Walter Giibey's Chocolate, bred in Derbyshire. The Hon. Mr. Coke, Mr. Pease, M.P., Mr. Loder, M.P., and Mr. N. Catchpole also took first prizes with agricultural filiies. The Diike of Hamilton's chestnuts were the only entry for agricultural pairs, and so won. In the hackney classes and up to not less than twelve stone Mr. J^orster's chestnut mares continued their victorious career bj taking each a first prize, Whether the Jersey and Guernsey cattle or the short- horns were the best class was a moot point with many. Certainly it is sedlom that such a splendid show of the former is seen at one piace. They kept the judges longer occupied than any other breed and in one or two instances the entire class was commended. Mr. J. W. Arkwright's, of Sutton, Scarsdale, took two first prizes' Mr. Simpson, of Wray Park, two thirds and two seconds and Mr. Cornish, of Xhornford, Dorset, a first and second for Jerseys Mr. Corbet, of Betchworth, Mr. Eugene Arnold, Colonel Portal, of Micheldever, and Mrs Malcolm, of Lyndhurst, were also successful. Colonel Walrond, M.P.. Mr. James, of Les Vauxbelets, and Mr. H. L. Green, of Guernsey, took the chief Guernsey prizes. but the three classes of this breed were not equal in merit to the more numerous Jerseys. The Prince of Wales exhibited a pair of roan bull calves in the shorthorn division, For the two-year-old Harry Hotspur he received third prize. the exhibits of Mr. Foljambe, M.P., and Mr Wakefleid, of Sedgwick, being respectively first and second. Fortitude, born at Sandringham last year, took no honours. He was shown in a large class of exceptionally good cattle. The prizetakers were Mr. St. John Ackers of Painswick, 3,f-. Handley of Milnthorpe, and Sir Hussey Vivian, M.P. Amongst the mature shorthorn bulla the best were found in Mr. W. J. Palmer's Caractacus, and the animals ex- hibited by Mr. E. Bristol of Shaftesbury, Mr. Oathwaite of Catterick, lklr: R. Stratton 01 Newport, and Lord Bray- brooke. The judges seemed to have no difficulty indecldlllg the first prizes, but were much exercised over the second and thirds in all the shorthorn bull classes. Mr. Hilton Hutchinson took first and third for shorthorn cows, and Mr. Jonathan Peel second for cow and third for heifer. The Prince of Wales competed unsuccessfully in the heifer year- ling class, in which he had entered Frairiein and Priscilla. The first, second, and third prize-winners in this very numerous class were Mr. H. Hutchinson, Sir J. H. Grevilie- Smyth, and Major J. Gnaffey. Herefords were on the whole a weak section as to quality, but the yearling heifers were corn- mended as a class. The Devens were on the contrary, much above the average. Lord Falmouth was first with the bulls Sir Michael and Plum Pudding. To the delight of all Berkshire people, Mr. Walter, M.P., took a number of prizes on this his native heath, though he could not quite reach the red ribbon. Half-a-dozen of his Bearwood herd were, however, either second or third. Mr. C. Skinner, of Bishop's Lydeard, another successful Devon exhibitor. Here again a whole class (Devon C9ws In milk or calf) were com- mended enuloc: and the same was done with the yearling heifers. The Messrs E. and A. Stanford, Mr. Hodgson of Haslemere, and Captain Green did best with Sussex cattle, which were not remarkable as a division. Mr Richard Hall, of Derby, scored well with lonsfhorns, taking four prizes. Pflzes for Norfolk and Suffolk polled went to Mr. Colman, M.P.; Mr. Hammond, of Dereham; Mr. Taylor, of Harle- stan; the Duke of Hamilton, Mr. Tyssen Amherst, M.P., a?. p Edmunds. A shorthorn by Mr. phillips, of Peterborough, an Ayrshire by Mr. George Ferme were first and second in the dairy cattie, the prizes for which were given by Colonel Sir R. Loyd-Lindsav, M P. The name of her Majesty, for the first time, was absent from the list of exhibitors, tha cause being the death of hei steward, Mr. Tait, about the time it was necessary to make Yr arrangements for the show. Otherwise the Home Farm would have been represented as usual amongst both cattle and pigs. The Prince of Wales, in addition to the entries above mentioned, entered the li^t with his San- driugham bred Southdown s. His Royal Highness had seven entries, but though a prize taker he has not proved eo successful as last year. Lord Walsing- ham, the Duke of Richmond, Mr. Colman, M.P., were again keen competitors-. Lord Walsingham, who is so seliiom surpassed with Southdowns took two first and one second prize, Mr. Co'man one firet and one second, aud the Prince of Wales a third prize for s pen of five yearlings, a second for a shearling rarn, and twr, high commendations for others of the same class and age. Shropshire and Hampshires were fair classes of sheep.
Tuesday, the second day of the show, was a most unfor- tunate one in regard to the weather. A heavy downpour of rain prevailed till the afternoon. Very depressing, indeed, was the appearance of the ground in the early fore- noon, being almost deserted in the open, as the visitors kept well within the shelter of the shedding, and the wet flags over the tents drooped listlessly to the masta The number of admissions will figure as the worst on record for many years. Up till three o'clock, by which time a slight lull occurred in the rainfall, the visitors paying at the turnstiles numbered 6,300 as compared with 11,203 up to the same hour on the corresponding day at Derby last year, and 9,326 at Carlisle the previous year. The annual meeting of the Royal Agricultural Society was held in the afternoon in a large nurquee, Mr. Dent, presi- dent of the society, being iu the chair. There were present tho Duke of Richmond, the Duke of Buccleuch, Lord Fa.ver- sham, Lerd More ton, M.P., Colonel Kingscote, M P., Mr. Duckham, M P., Lord Vernon, the Earl of Lathom, Sir John Swinburne, and a large number of tenant farmers. In recounting the departments of the coun- cil's work Mr Dent referred, amid cheers, to the chemical investigations of the society, ac-d to the labours of their newly-appointed lady entonioiogist, Miss Ormerod, to whom they were indebted for most valuable researches into the naturo and habits of the various insect pests that are among the worst foes of agriculture. The Duke of Richmond and Gordon was appointed president for the coming year, when the annual show aud meeting will be held at York. The Shorthorn and Cart-horse Societies held meetings duiing the afternoon. The awards of farm prizes, given by the Reading Local Com- mittee were announced. The £100 prize for the best dairy. arable, or Berkshire farm above 200 acres, was given to Mr. J. R. Ratcliif, The Priory, IJeech-hiil; the second prize to Mr. G. Adams, Pidnell Farm, Farriugdon. There was no third prize, but the judges felt bound to recommend one to Mr. J. Davies, Wickcroft Farm, Knsrlefield, There was no competition in Class 2—farms under 200 acres.
Wednesday was beautifully fine all day at Pleading, and, as a consequence, thousands of people attended the Agri- cultural Show. Om of tha principal attractions was, how- ever, the visit of the Trince 01 Wales. His Royal Highness arrived at the Great Western Rail- way station at half-past; twelve o'clock, accompanied by Lord Oitstlereagh, Lord Walsingham, Admiral Sir H. Keppel, Co:onel Eilis, Sir Christo her Sjkes. M.P., and Lord Longford. The Mayor and Corporation, in official robes, presented an address of welcome to his R-oyal Highness, which was suitably acknowledged. The Royal party then drove through the town, which was beautifully decorated, to the show ground, a distance of about a mile and a half. There the Royal and distinguished visitors were entertained at luncheon by the President and Council of the Society. An adjournment was afterwards mads to the cattle and horse ring, where the anioials had been arranged for in- spection. At three the Prince left the show-yard an drove to jfc e trial seed ground of Messrs. Sutton and Sons. some 50 acres. This distinguished firm is celebrating daring the present show the jubilee of its foundaticn, and the Prince was ac- companied during his visit by the vonerab'e gentleman, Mr. Martin Hope Sutton, who established the business, and from whom he beard with evident interest a description of the magnificent floral display by which he was sur- rounded. From the seed ground, the Prince drove to the Reading schools, where he was received in the very heartiest schoolboy fashion by the pupils, and was conducted by the Principal round the building, paying a visit to the stone he laid twelve years since. Thence he went to Huutley and Palmer's famous biscuit, manufactory, where over three thousand people are engaged in the production of three hundred different kinds of biscuits which fiud their way to every-part of tho habitable giooe. He was received with great enthusiasm by the employes as he was conducted by the heads of the firm over this mode) establishment, and tuok great interest in the various processes, and in the beauti- ful machinery which is employed, following the manufacture of some of the biscuits from the first union of the whitest of Hungarian flour and the freshest ef new-laid eggs and milk to the glowing ovens, where, in his determination to see the final evolution of the dainty product, his Royal Highness gallantly braved for some five minutes a temperature not un- like the hot-room of a Turkish bath. On signing the visitors' book before taking his departure, after spending half an hour in the building, the Prince expressed to his conductors the pleasure his visit bad afforded him, and then, amid the same manifestations of respect that had greeted his arrival, drove back to the station, and returned by special train to London at four o'clock.
HEROIC RESCUE FROM FIRE. On the Right o iJune 19, while the Montreal Herald was beirg got ready for press, an alarm was given that a serious fire had broken cut in the jobbing office connected with the main building. It was believed that all in the building had made good their escape, when the cry was raised that in the upper storey of the four-storey building the wife and daughter of the caretaker a person named Gunn, were left, probably just ecing to bed. Immediately a young. gentleman named F. G. H. William?, ef the editorial staff, and aged only nineteen and a, half, dashed into the almost consumed building, and, rapidly mounting the stairs, seized the unconscious woman and her daughter, and got them somehow to the ground-floor, where, as soon as they were in safety, he fell fainting from the excitement and the inhalation of the smoke. Before he was recovered by the assiduous attentions of the bystanders, the greater part of the staircase by which he had brought the woman down fell into the fiery mass below, but the young reporter assisted in bringing out the paper on other premises the next morning. The Canadian papers have devoted a fnod deal of space to encomiums upon the heroism, of this young man who is well known to many London journalists, and who complains to his fellows in Montreal what a bore it is to be congratulated merely for doing what he ought to have done. The narrowness of the escape may be judged from the fact that the eyebrows of tho girl were singed, and the clothes of Mrs. Gunn and her daughter and their rescuer fell off them when they were assisted by the crowd in the street. The damage, 60,000 (Ms., is covered by insaraueein English and American offices.
CUTTINGS FROM AMERICAN PAPERS. The pastor ef a church recently gave a "pulpit notice relating to himself. He contradicted a report that he was going to be married, and hinted very strongly that with his limited salary such a thing would be impossible. Some time ago a naughty Philadelphia boy tied his sister's Gainsborough hat to a bunch of toy balloons and sent them up. The incident may have_ no meteorological importance, but we notice that scien- tists are attributing the cold spring weather to an immense spot which has recently appeared on the sun. An exchange has an article beaded, li Get Hold of a Boy's Heart." Bah The place to get hold of a boy is the scruff of the neck. I make my living by walking and talking," said the book canvasser. "If that is so," said the victim, please do your walking now and your talking to seme other fellow." You are as full of airs as a music box," is what a young man said to a girl who refused to let him see her home. "That may be," was 'the reply, "but I don't go with a crank." "Father When a hen sets on an egg three weeks and it don't hatch, is the egg spoiled 'i" As an article of diet the egg is thenceforward a failure but as a species of testimonial it is strikingly aromatic and expressive." That was a clever Oakland boy who, when he was given two dollars to dig up his aunt's garden, hid a two-bit piece in it, and then told all the boys in the neighbourhood. The next morning the ground was pulverised two feet deep. It is all very well for health journals to tell people who:are restless and unable to sleep at night to place the head of their bed toward the north, but it does no good unless you take the baby to the other end of the house and place his head towards the south. An American schoolboy, being asked to deSne the word "admission," paid it meant twenty-five cents. Twenty-five cents said the schoolmaster. What sort of a definition do you call that I don't know," sulkily replied the boy; but I'm sure it says soon the board down there at the show." "Yes," said another boy; "and children half-price." A poetic editor in Cincinnati discovered that his girl wore two sets of gold-mounted false testh, and he sat down and wrote a poem entitled, "Rich and rare were the gums she wore." A Chicago woman is going to try to keep her mouth shut three thousand quarter hours. If this new depar- ture should become epidemic a mighty peace would soon settle down over this troubled land. A justice of peace at New Hartford married a couple the other day, and the bridegroom asked him his terms, after the knot was tied. Well," said the justice, "the code allows me two dollars." "Then," the groom said, there's a dollar; that will make you three." A Danbury young man who left on a Far Western expedition was bidding his friends good-bye at the depot, when a young girl cried out, "Bring me the scalp of a Modoc, won't you?" The young man, feel- ing a little hurt at her indifference to his departure and the dangers he was about to encounter, sswly re- plied, "No, Emma; you should not look for more hair until you have paid for that you now wear." The remark appeared to subdue her.
1 "UNIFORM POLITENESS.—That received from men in livery,-Pulh
TERRIBLE ACCIDENT AT MONTE. 1 VIDEO. A telegram from Buenos Ayres, dated June 15, says:- A dreadful accident occurred in Montevideo at the Masonic obsequies in memory of General Garibaldi. It appears that in consequence of an alarm of fire the 300 people who were present at the celebration were seized with panic. A rush was immediately made for a narrow staircase by a number of women and children, with the result that twenty were trampled to death, and ten others received severe injuries. Great con- sternation prevailed in the city in consequence ot the catastrophe, and a public funeral of the victims was I held on the following day. The fire originated in an oil lamp falling upon the catafalque.
SUNDAY CLOSING. Mr. Rowland Winn, M.P., writing to the Mayor of Grimsby, says In reply to your memorial, I may say that I have hitherto voted in favour of Sunday closing, and feel disposed to continue doing so, as it is certainly in ac- cordance with what has always been my view of a due observance of the Sabbath, At the same time, it is fair that I should tell you that the report I hear of the working of the Sunday Closing Act in Ireland in so extremely unfavourable, and the increase in drinking resulting from it so undeniable, that if experience should hereafter con- firm the information I now have I may be ultimately unwillingly induced to modify my views on the sub- ject. I am informed that the evasions of the Act in Ireland, which it is almost impossible to prevent, and the large amount of private drinking of liquor bought on Saturday, over which the police can exercise no control whatever, have very considerably increased the drinking which prevailed in Ireland."
EPITOME OF NEWS. ,BRITISH AND FOREIGN. Mr. Davitt is expected to arrive in London on Tues- day, the 18th instant. The meeting between the Emperors of Germany and Austria has been fixed to take place at Gastein, on the 18th inst. An explosion of coal gas occurred on Monday on board the steamer Maipi, loading at Liverpool for Valparaiso. Three men were seriously injured. In London, on Saturday, a meeting of Inland Revenue officers was held at Exeter Hall, at which strong disappointment was expressed at the uhfavourable reply given by the Board to their request for additional pay, and it was resolved to endeavour to obtain a Parliamentary in- quiry. The proposal to form a battalion of volunteer bicyclists has been prosperous. A great number of gentle- men who are good riders have asked permission to join the battalion. The equipment of the bicycle corps will necessarily be somewhat different, and the ride will be a short one. Heavy rain fell on Tuesday night in Gloucestershire, causing destructive floods in the Forest of Dean district. In the viilaees many of the houses were several feet deep in water, and immense destruction of crops is reported. Thou- sands of acres are under water. Senor Voorhes, of Indiana, met with formidable obstruction the other day when he rose to deliver a great speech. A sparrow new in at one of the windows, and so distracted the attention of the senators by its chirping and antics, that the orator was unable to proceed until one of tho pages had captured the interrupter and expelled him from the House. A Bill has quietly passed both Houses of Parlia- ment which, if carried to a practical issue, is likely to effect a revolution in the commercial apd social life of London (ssys the Daily News). It provides for the opening up of streets, for the layiug down of water mains to bring hydraulic pressure to warehouses, hotels, and private resi- dences as readily as gas and water are now served. The passenger lift is in constant use in the large mansions laid out in flats, also in large hotels, and at the dock warehouses. In these cases the hydraulic pressure is produced by private machinery! nvolving alarge cost. The Bill which has now become an Act of Parliament proposes to make these advan- tages common and cheap. Ten thousand six hundred and seventy-five emi- grants landed in New York last week. The Standard says that it is hoped that the House will rise for the Autumnal Recess not later than the 8th or 9th of August. The main ground on which the Government decided that Parliament should adjourn instead of being prorogued was to save a Debate on the Address." In recent sessions the Debate on the Address has extended over many nights. The Thistle Line steamer City of Lincoln, from Montreal, arrived at Thames Haven on Monday, and landed 8B7 live beasts and 918 live sheep. Three beasts and 111 sheep had gone overboard. Ismail Pacha, the ex-Khedive of Egypt, arrived at Milan on Monday evening from Naples. There were 2,443 births and 1,293 deaths registered in London last week. Allowing for increase of population, the births were 79, and the deaths 163, below the average numbers in the corresponding week of the last ten years, annual death-rate from all causes, which had been equal to 18 (i and 17 5 per 1,000 in the two preceding weeks, further declined to 17 3. A declaration in favour of the passing of a law stop- ping the tale of intoxicating liquors on Sunday, exception bdng made for travellers and lodgers, has been signed by 3,573 magistrates, and will be placed in the hands of the Prime Minister by Mr. Stevenson, M.P. The Queen gave a ball on Tuesday night at Windsor Castle to the servants of the Royal household, dancing taking plat* in the large hall, which was tastefully decorated for the occasion. Supper was laid in the three o'clock din- ing-room. The dance was the first which the Queen has given at Windsor Castle to her servants since the marriage of Princess Louise to the Marquis of Lome eleven years ago. The morganatic widow of the late Czar, Princess Dolgorouki, is going to settle in Germany, and intends to buy the magnificent estate of Muskau, belonging to Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, and which is one of the finest princely domains of the country. An accident of a peculiar character occurred the other night at Brighton. While the members of the local Volun'ee.r Fire Brigade were proceeding up North-road with their fire escape it came in contact with the electric light wire overhead, and the electric fiuid descending the wirework of the escape caused those volunteers who were holding it to loose their control. Another member, thinking the machine was falling, grasped the steering-rod, and received the full force of the electricity, which was so powerful as to bend him double, and disable him for up- wards of an hour. The Rev. J. R. Eyre, rector of St. Michael le Hum. bert, Liverpool, preached on Sunday in the parish church of St, MaryleDone, for the General Preachers Fund, from Ecclesiastics iv. 12, "A threefold cord is not quickly broken," after applying it to the Holy Trinity, said tlrat this threefold cord had been faithfully, tenderly, and lovingly pressed on their acceptance by his father for a period of 25 years. His ministry was of necessity drawing to a close, and it would be no secret to most of those present that in the early autumn he intended to resign his charge, it being plain to all that after 43 years of uninterrupted pastoral labour the season for comparative rest had now arrived. In the even- ing the Bishop of Meath (Lord Plunket) was the preacher. We regret to have to announce the death of Mr. J. E Henderson, Fellow and Bursar of Magdalen College Oxford, which took place on Monday at his rooms in col- lege. Mr. Henderson succumbed to the effects of an acci- dent which befel him in his successful endeavour to rescue a lady from a runaway carriage."—Obituary of The Times July 12. On Sunday Queen Sophia, the wife of Oscar II., King of Sweden and Norway, completed her 46th year, having been born on July 9. 1836 Her Majesty is the daughter of the late Duke Wilheim of Nassau, and she was married to King Oscar on June 6, 1857, the Royal conple having recently celebrated their silver wedding On the 25th anniversary of their marriage. In London on Monday, an inquest was held at Bartholomew's Hospital on the body of Mr. William Otley, aged seventy-seven, of 31, Luard-street, Barnsbury, who was killed by falling over the balustrade leading to the platform of the Bishopsgate Station on the Metropolitan Railway. The evidence showed that when the deceased had descended the third stair he seemed to stagger and fall face forward upon the balusters, and the next moment he fell over on the platform. The height of the balustrade was 3ft loin The station inspector stated that the staircase was in goo'd order and perfectly safe. A verdict of "Accidental death was returned. An awfully sudden death took place on Saturday at the County Court, Stone, Staffordshire. A travelling draper named Frederick Powell, of Hauley, was telling his name to the Judge, when he fell back, and beiÐgtakenfrcn the Court died immediately At the Theatre Royal, Darwen, on Saturday night, while a comic opera was being performed, a fire, which was cauied by an explosion of gas, broke out, and a panic ensued among the audience. The flames were eventually got under. Mr. Hibbert, Secretary to the Local Government Board, was present on Saturday at a Sanitary and Poor Law Conference at Eastbourne; and stated that there had been a large decrease in pauperism during the last ten years, over a million of money having been saved in outdoor relief alone. More people, owing to the strictness of the Poor Law super- vision, belonged to benefit societies, and in this way they were kept off the rates, whilst habits of thrift were incul- cated. A brass plate has recentlv been erected in St. Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton, In memory of the late Bishop Belwyn, of Lichfield. The inscription runs as followsGeorge Augustus Selwyn, D.D., Prelate of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, first Bishop of New Zealand, 90th Bishop of Lichfield, patron of this church. Born April 5, 1809; died April 11, 1878.11 There were ten British and foreign actual ship. wrecks reported during last week, making a total of 800 for the present year, or a decrease of 141 as compared with the corresponding period of last year, the decrease for the week being twelve. British-owned vessels numbered seven. Only two (French and American) were steamers Total tonnage lost for the week, 5,031 tons. Total number of lives lost and missing, 88. The Bishop of Salford (Dr. Vaughan), in a Bertr on at Liverpool oir Sunday, argued that school boar-us and Roman Catholics stood much in the same relation to escb other as Church rates and Dissenters formerly did. Die. senters thought it a great hardship that they should have to contribute to a Church which they did not Hce; yet we had now a system—established principally by the action of the Dissenters by which Catholics, who did not use the board schools, but maintained their own. had to pay for both —— Mr. F. C. Appleton, the actor, haa taken his degree of B.A. at the University of Melbourne. While preparing for the degree he still kept to hia professional work. It is said to be the intention of the Conservative leaders on au esrly day to bring forward ill both Housee a resolution raising the question of the foreign policy of the Government. The boys of Christ's Hospital ("Blue Coat" SchooIt went to Windsor CastJe on Saturday, and exhibited their drawings and charts to the Queen. Several members of the Royal family were present at the ceremony. Miss Lelia J. Robinson haa just been admitted te the B *r of Massachusetts. A special statute hid to be passed in order to enable her to be admitted, Last week's receipts of cotton at all United States ports were 8,000 bales; since 1st September 4 679 006 bales. Week's exports to Great Britain, 2C.00C ball"; week's exports to the Continent, 1'J/XO bales. ToUl since 1st September, 3,360,000 baiea. Stock at all ports, 230 00# bales. A New York telegram says that the visible supply of wheat on July 7 was 10.100,000 busheis. as «giOBB8 10,600,000 bushels the previous week. Visible supply of Indian corn, 7,000,000 bushels, as against S 10 000 bushels the previous week. The export clearances of wheat for Europe during last week amounted to 830.000 br.shels the export clearances of Indian corn for Europe during 1aH week amounted to 70.000 bushels. The Egyptian Question is engrossing public attention in Spain, and some of the journuls express surprise that Spain should have been ignored by ths Grtat Powers, seeing that her Kastern colonies give her considerable interest ia the Suez Canal. We understand that the establishment of a Pareelg Post may now be regarded as settled, and that there are good hopes that Parliament) will sanction the new .-ystem daring the present Session. The arrangfmcnts with the railway companies have been actually concluded, although they have not yet been put in legal form. So perfect are the arrangements for the calcine out of the Army Reserve, that it is calculated t hxt within one week of thd men juining the colours every one of t hem«ouici. if necessary, be placed on board ship, thoroughly clothed and equipped for service. Mr. Hftlbot Knight Browne, an artist better known as "Phiz," died at Hove, Brighton, on Satmday. Born in 1815, at. an early age he obtained a reputation for the spirited caricatures and comic sketches, and in I8S5he succeeded Jii. Seymour as an illustrator of "Pickwick." He afterwards illustrated moet of the works of Charles Dickens m-d con- tributed graphic illustrations to the novels of Charles Lever, Ainsworth, and other wprks. Be also contributed many effective sketches, brimmll of fun, to the leading publications of the day. The supply of live stock and fresh meat from tha United States and Canada, landed at Liverpool last week, showed a somewhat large decrease in live IIt,'ck and a large increase in frest meat, in comparison with figures of the pre- vious week. The totals wtre 861 cattle, no sheep, 2.95S quarters of beef, and 006 carcases of mnttou. The Epworth Circuit meeting of the Wesleyan Methodist Society have resolved to memorialise a Conference for the erection of a memorial chapel, with school-room, class rooms, and minister's house, at Epworth, the birthplaee of John Charles Wesley. More than one thousand deathn are recorded ne having resulted last year from accidents in mines in the United Kingdom. The average of such deaths the last eight years is one to every 454 persons employed. Fall of rock from the roofs, but more particularly from the Bides of workings, continue to be the most fruitful source of these lamentable disasters. A curious piece of artillery has arrived at Windsor Castle The weapon, which is believed to have come frow the Esst, has seven barrels, the bores of which are rather longer than those of ordinary rifies. The barrels are laid horizontally upon a wooaen carriage, the central Run being larger than the rest. At the brEECh is an indentation for a train cf powder to the touch hoiea, so that all barrels cac fee dischaged simultaneously. A Berlin telegram says that at a race meeting at Bromberg a serious accident occurred through the collapse of the stand of the judge. Thirty people were precipitated with the crashing timber to the ground, Herr l'iedemanlt, the President of the Province of Poeen, was very seriously injured, having sufft-red a double fracture of the right aukk. Herr von Alvensleben, a large loatu landowner, was very badly hurt in the spine. Serious Salvation Army disturbances took place at Salisbury on Monday. The Salvation banner was seised and torn into threds, the captain and some of his prominent supporters being somewhat raughly used. The police did not interfere. The captain and his followers had been warned that in event of their continuing to parade the streets they must take the consequences. Dr. Muirhead Macfarlane, a retired army surgeon, about fifty years of age, while bathing iu the Holy Loch, near his house at Sandbank, Firth of Clyde, was observed from the shore to be splashing about in au unusual manner. A man rushed into the sea, and finding him unconscious brought him on shore. Dr. Wilson, of Kirn, who was hastily fetched, pronounced that life was quite extinct. The decease.) gentleman had had a fit whilst in the water. Be was well known and much respected in the district. The Eight Hundred of the Birmingham Libenl Association met on Tuesday nigdt, and discussed the pro- posal to celebrate Mr. Bright's twenty-fire JehTi" political connection with the borough by presenting the right hon. gentleman with his portrait, and erectina his statue in Bu- mingham. It was detffmined that Mr. Frank Holi, Alt..A.. should be commissioned to paint the portrait, and that a work of art commemorative of Mr, Bright's political assodar ion should ba executed. In the Alexandra Palace Station, ewtctly over where the locomotives stop and beleii forth their saioke, spar re WB have built their nests. "Mrs. Kamebotham says she has got a large book, collecting Autocrats, which, when everybody's dead all. gone, will be very valuable."—Pun &/<, It has been finally arranged that the county meJÐOo rial to the memory oi the officers and men of the HerkaMre Regiment (66sh) who fell in the late Afghan campaign will be unveiled in St. Mary's Chinch. Reading, on the 23rd inst., when an imposing ceremony will take place. The memerittj und amounts to nearly £ 1,100. King Kalakaua of the Sandwich Islands during his recent visit to Earope was much impressed with the poverty of every crowned head in one particuJar-Dot, a single sove- reign owned more than one thrune. Moreover, he noticed that those thrones extant were very old, verv un iomfortable. entirely out of fashion, and so ricketty that "it was to sit upon them. So his Majesty intends to teach fellow potentates how to keep up their dignity, and (the Si* York Herald say) has ordered two new thrones from Boston, one for every-day u e, the other for high-days and holidays. Instead also of the shabby, antiquated, and shaky old things prised in Europe, King Kalukaua's throties are to be made with every improvement, and so arranged that can put up his feet when tired. On Sunday morning the steamship Belfast, from Alexandria to Dover, with seefi, arrived i ff D;>ver. and landed a number of passengers from Egypt. Some sent to Calais, but the greater number proceeded to London. One gentle- man said he went to Iteypt a few weeks back to see a friend who was in business there, bilt to his horror on arriving there found he had been a victim to the outrage ccniknitted on Europeans, and was so much disfigured by his injuries w to be beyond recognition. Ba.njo playing in the United States is becoming 58 fashionable an accomplishment for ladies as the violin pre- mises to be in England. The proficiency the American ladies have arrived at on the banjo quite ttikee it out of the level it has kept in the hands of the ntere minstrel, and causes it to be in special demand for summer evenings of doora with vocal accompaniment. The additions to the Zoological Society's Gardent, Kegents Park, London, during last week included a Diua monkey from West Africa, presented by Messrs. L. and J. Boljhon a bonnet monkey from India, presented by Mrs. Norris two Tovi parakeets from Columbia, presented by Major Langford Brooke; two Uveau parakeets from Uvea, Loyalty Isles, a New Zealand parakeet from New Zea- land, presented by Mr E. L Layard, H.B M Consul, New Caledonia an American robin from North America, pre- sented by Colonel Verner; a yel'ow wagtail, a marsh tit British, presented by Mr. H. Grant four speckled terra- pins from North America, presented by Mr C. D Ekman; a common snake, British, presented by Air. Poyer Poyer 1LÏÐ.8 fire-bellied toads, a Lacertine snake, a back marked snake European, presented by Mr. G. A. B >ul«jnger a newt from America, presented by Messrs Sargent; an undulated grass parakeet from Australia, deposited; a Canada goose, British, a sharp-nosed cr0000 lie from Central America, pur- chased j two eoffroj's doves, bred in the Gardens,
THE MARKETS., METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET.—MeKSl.1. The cattle trade is not animated, but prices are witheu same show of steadiness. iYe*h supplies were not large About an average number of beasts came from our own giai ing districts, but from Scotland and Ireland they were limited The trade was slow, but prices were fairly maintained, th. best Scots and crosses realising 5s lOd to 6s per 81b. frtt Norfojk, Suffolk. Essex, aud Cambridgeshire we received aboa 500, from the Midland and home counties 1,200, from Beet land 6, and from Ireland 20 head. Ou the foreign aide 0 the market a moderate number of beasts was exhibited About 1,800 Americans were oifered and some Daniab Sales quiet, at previous prices. The supply of sheep in tb pens was about the same as usual. Business was steady and prices ruled firm. The be ft Downs and ba'f-breds mad 6s 8d to 6s 10d per Sib. Lambs reached 7s to 7s 81 per Sib. with a fair demand. Calves and pigs at previous prices. A Deptfcrd, about 700 beasts and 5,000 sheep and lamlM Coarse and inferior beasts, 4s to 4s 6J second qualitj 4s 6d to 5s prime large oxen, 5s 6d to 5s 8d prime gicou &c., 68 lOd ta 6s; coaree and inferior sheep, 6s to 63 N second quality ditto, 58 6J to Cs prime coarse woobei 6s 4d to 6* M prime Southdown, eg 6d to 6» 10d; lamlN 7. to 7s 6d large coarse calres, 58 to 5s 6d prime ama: ditto. 6s 6d to fls; large hogs, 4s 4d to 4s 8d; neat emaJ porkers, 4s Sd to 5s per 8;b to sink he off* METROPOLITAN MEAT MARKET. —MOifrAT. A short supply. Trade very slow. Inferior beef, 3s 4d i 4s 4d middling ditto, 4s 4d to 4s 3d prime large ditto, &it to 53 6d; prime small ditto, 5s 4.1 to 6s Sd; veal, 41 8d t 5s inferior mutton, as 8d to 4s Sd middling ditto, 4s 8d t 5s S i prime ditto, 9s to 6s 8d large pork, 4" d to 4s id small ditto, 4s 6d to 4s 10d; lamb 6s 4d to Is id per 81b I the carcase. POTATO. A good sapply en offer. Th", trade was steady, as follewi —EngUsh kidneys, 10s to 123 ditto rout d, 93 t,) lC8 Jersi kidnejs, lis to 12s ditto round, ICi; Cher^-urg flukes, 101 ditto round, 9s per ewt. HOP. The hop market remains firm. Plantation accounts 10 tione unfavourable, and the trade in cousequenee is strei all round Fine samples c.mtii.ue to command fully la rates East Kent goldings, 1881. £ 7 to £ S 8s Mid-Kent £5 If¡¡; to £ 7 153; Wrald of K rr.s, £ 6 to A:7 7s; Sum 16s to £ 6 10s. Worcester, i:6 15s to iC7 15s; Farnhaa £ 7 to £ S; coun'ry ditto, k-7 to £ 7 155; vearUugs, A4 4s i ;e512s; English, 1876, 42 to £ 2 35,; oit.t->, 1870, £ 1 to A ditto oids, 158 to 4:1 5s B. liS1, £6 ba to £ A sac- £ .5 12, to V7 Bohemk £ 5 5s to £ # 6s; ftm-gundy, £ 5 12« to P* 15a; Ameriei £ 615a .to £ §; foreign old ditto, 15s to £ 1