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SECOND DAY.-WEDNESDAY.

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES.

FARRAGO ACADEMIC.

THE MELINDWR WATER SCHEME.

RESIGNATION OF MR VAUGHAN,…

TOWYN.'

[No title]

TREGARON AGRICULTURAL SHOW.

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TREGARON AGRICULTURAL SHOW. The following is a continuation of the report of this show:— THE DINNER was held in the Talbot Hotel, after the show, when the chair was taken by the vice-president of the society, Mr iSylvaaus Lewis, Nanteos, supported by MrT. E. Lloyd, M.P Coediui'ire, Cardigan, and Air Vaughaa Davies, Tanybwich Captain Vaughan, Brynog, Talsarn Mr W. Jones, Llwynygroes; Mr R. Gardincr, Cross wood the Rev Mr Jones, Tre- garon. The vice-chair was occupied by Dr Jwhn Rowland, Argoed supported by the iiev Octavius Davies, M. A., Tregaron Dr H., Rowland, Garth, Ltanddewi-brefi; Mr J, Ingiis Jones, Dcrry Ormoud and Air Daniel Itowlanus, Ystrad. There were about thirty other persons present. Grace wis said before and after dinner by the liev Octavius Davids, M. A. After the cloth had been removed. The President proposed The Queen," and The Prince and Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Itoyal Family," and remarked that the Welsh were remarkably loyal. The President next proposed The Army, Navy, and Reserve Forces," coupled with the name of Mr Inglis Jones. Mr Itifilis Jones said he could only repeat what he Slid the other day, that our army, though composed ot young soldiers, had proved ti at it could do its duty. They had done what th y ha I at the ex- pensc of the officers. The President proposed The Bis top and the Clergy of the Dioeese, and Mnist rs ot all de- nominations," coupled with the nam 's of the lie v. Octavius Davies nnd the llov Mr June*. The Hev Octavius Davies, in re po.i iipg, said a thing was now taking place that t.ad never taken place since the DUh century-an archbishop preach- ing iu Wales. lie hopt-d the result of [he congress now being held at Swansea, would [be to aid the church and dissent to fraternise more together. The llev Mr -)ones. in responding, said they met together not as Cnurch and Dissent, Liberal and Conservative, but us fellow-men, to consider the question of ag- iculture. lie did his best to promote agriculture ia the county, and tried to teach the people to be economical, and to be just toward their landlord aild their neighbours. The Chairman proposed The County and Borough Members." Mr T. E. Lloyd, M.P., who was received with cheering, said: Mr Chairman, Mr Vice-chairman, and gentlemen, I beg to thank you most sincerely for the manner in which you have received and drunk the toast just proposed to you. My old friend and colleague, Mr David Davies, of Linn dinam, has shown a somewhat anxious desire of late to disconnect himself from me, but notwithstanding that I do not allow my political feelings to interfere with my private friendships, and I can assure you it gives me the greatest pleasure to return thanks for him in his absence. I have never visited an agricultural show in Mid-Cardiganshire before this week, but seeing that there was a show at Lampeter and another at Tregaron, I thought I would do myself the pleasure of coming up and seeing what sort of cattle my friends in Cardiganshire can show. I can assure you I am greatly pleased with what I have seen here and at Lampeter. Considering the seuson, the greatest credit is due to the gentlemen se who have shown at Lampeter and to-day. I think the shows do a deal of good in the country: they bring persons of all classes together, from the gentleman of the highest order to the smallest farmer-all meet together on these occasions and enjoy themselves. It save all of them an opportunity of interchanging their opinions on matters in gener.il, and expressing their views on agricultural matter* in particular, and I can assure you it is of great service to the farmers themselves, who on theso occasions have the opinions of the judges as to the catile and crops. We all know the judges are perfectly straightforward men, and give their decision to the best of their ability. I will give you an instance. At Lampeter the other day a number of mountain sheep were exhibited by a gentleman, which the judges considered an in- different lot. He did not only pass judgment, condemning the sheep, and leave the poor farmer to go hooic, but gave him instructions what to do, and in which points th" sheep were deficient. He told him that they had been negldcted during the winter mouths, and pointed out that if they had been fed during that, time and attended to, they would have been a greater credit. I have spoker. SO miiiy times of late of the bad seasons under which the agricultural classes have suffered, that, notwithstanding the invitation I had received from my friend Mr Jones, I shall not say much on that point. I have spokwn as to the causes of agricul- tural distress, and feel diffident about repeating what I have said at Aberystwyili and Lampctvr. 1 presume you all read the newspapers, and I am sure you have all read what has been said. I do not, therefore, think it necessary to go into that subject again. I think there is one subject to which I might refer. When I was at Aberystwyth the other day a proposal was on foot for the amalgamation of some of these shows; it was thought that too many of them were scattered all over the country, and it was proposed that there should be one for the whole country. I do not think that a proposition likely to meet with the approval of all. When a show took place at Aberystwyth, Cardigan people could uot be expected to drive their cattle thiriy- six miles to show them, and when the show was held at Cardigan it would be rice versa, but I do think the question of the amalgamation of Lam- peter, Tregaron, and Aberayrou shows might be considered, with some degree of profit to all con- cerned. With regard to the future cultivation of wheat in this country, ihave no doubt most of you have seen an important letter in the Western Mail, written by the Duke of Reaufort, in reply to a gentleman named Owen, who had issued a pamphlet to show that the English farmer might compete with the American farmer, provided he would adopt a certain mode of treatment for his land. Now his grace the Duke took,up the cudgel, and figures to show that the American producer would be able to send wheat into this country to be sold at 32s. per quarter. Which of these two authorities is right I cannot say, and no one can at present determine-it is a question for the future. But I can only say this, it his grace is right it will put an end to wheat-growing in this country altogether, and we shall have to turPl our hands and our farm to some other use. The only other thing that occurs to my mind is whether we cannot improve the cattle and meat, aud thus compete with the American, who must be handicapped on account of freight and insurance and carriage on the other side of the water. The recent sufferings brought on by the depressed state of trade had brought on again the question of free trade. No one doubted that free trade was a good thing when they got it, but I do not think anyone imagines for a moment that we have free trade, pure and simple, III England. Cobden, in urging free trade, said other nations would follow in our footsteps, but what was the result ? America, which sends wheat into our ports free. puts on a duty of about ;;0 per cent. upon our goods. I call that, gentlemen, a sham free trade. America is not the only sinner. Germany enacts duties that almost amount to pro- hibition, and as regards France, the Government have had tho greatest difficulty in extending our commercial tariff to that country, even for one year. I call that one-sided free trade, and I trust some measures will be invented before long by which we can induce America to behave more liberally towards our manufacturers; if not, we must look out of course for ourselves, to Ascertain whether we cannot meet our difficulty in some other way. Wheat is our principal difficulty-we import to the extent of 13,000,000 quarters more than we grow. Now Ameriea is not the only country that supplies us with wheat. Our Australian colonies and India supply us with wheat. There has been an interest- ing report lately made by Mr Forbes Wilson on Indian wheat. He said India exports 40,000,000 quarters more wheat than she consumes herself, which would be indefinitely extended. The princi- pal part that produced this wheat is the north-west provinces, and when the railway, now in formation down the Indus valley toJKurraches, is completed, India will be able to send wheat to this country at about the same price as we now get it from America. It is with great importance to England and English manufactures whether we pay America in money for wheat, or to get them to exchange wheat for manufactures. If we pay cash to Ameria we shall be denuded of gold in the course of ten or twelve years, and we know the meaning or that. But if we exchange our commodities for the wheat we consume, it must kfiep our manufacturers well employed. The hoa. gentleman then briefly alluded l to the fact that trade was improving, and that such improvement would benefit agriculture, and sat down amid leadjappUuae, Mr Vaughan Davies proposed the health of the' presiijent, tlw E;vrl of Lisburne (cheers), and regretted that he was not. present; he was sure they would receive the toast in the cordial manner they had done, and it was right they should, as no one took a greater interest, in the welfare of the district j than their president, who farmed largely himself, and set a good example to them in every way. Mr Gardiner, replying to the toast, said he had been requested to apologize for the Earl of Lisburne's absence, as an important engagement, unfortunately fixed for the same day, rendered it impHssible for him to be there that day, which he very much regretted. His Lordship would be much pleased to hear how cordially the toast of his health had been received. Mr Davies had very truly said that no one took a greater interest, not only in the welfare of his own tenantry, but also of 3011 the firmers in the district than Lord Lisburne, and next to the pleasure of atile to see their show himself would be that of hearing how successful a show they had had, considering the time.

. LA.MPETER.

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