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IMEMORIAL TO THOMAS CLARKSON.

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THE (PROPOSED PARTIAL DISABMA.!…

FARMING IN SCOTLAND.

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THE BISHOP OF BEDFORD ON "BOOKS,…

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THE BISHOP OF BEDFORD ON "BOOKS, AND HOW TO USE THEM." The Inaugural address of the winter session of evening classes in the City of London College, 62, Leadenhall-street, was delivered by the Bishop of Bedford "On Books, and how to use them." The Rev. C. Mackenzie, chairman of the Council, took the chair. There were in this institution, Bishop How said, books to read and classes to attend, and these were both good but his idea was that the outcome of the lecturers' work in the classes, if it were well done, would be to send the students to the library. It ought to excite a keen interest in the subjects taken up, whatever they might be, and it ought to create a relish for those subjects which would at once send the learner to books. A great step had been made when a man had learnt to de- light in books and to look upon them all close friends. The next question was what to read, and how to read, and he urged those who wished to strive after a hillh ideal of education to choose some one branch of study, and to avoid desultory reading. He would say, Be thorough." Whether they took theology, the noblest study of all, or history, which stood next, or physical science, tor which there were manifold aids, he urged thoroughness. There was one Bubject to which he hesitated to recommend entire devotion, and that was poetry. It would not, he thought, be a wholesome thing to read poetry only, Any study, indeed, was bad which stimulated only one faculty. Nothing, for instance, did more to brace the reasoning facul- ties than the study of mathematics. Nevertheless, a character built up on nothing but mathematics would, he feared, be hard, dry, and unsympathizing. So nothing gave more grace and finish than poetry but a man who gave himself to the reading of nothing bat poetry would be rather like one who should feed his body on fruit and sweetmeats. Yet poetry ought to form part of every man's reading. Even one thing mastered was invaluable, not only for the discipline the effort to master it would render necessary, but for its own sake. "A little and well" was a true saying. Thomas Hobbes, of Malmesbury, used to say, If I had read as much as other people I should know as little," The thing of next Importance was to read good books, or, rather, he would say, the books of good men. He would counsel them, whatever subjects they took up, to read the works of good men. The profit of a book really de- pended much more upon the writer than upon the subject, as in conversation they would do better to hear a big man upon a little subject than a little man upon a big Bubjeut. Touching, then, novel-reading, while deprecating a self-indulgent, enervating abandon ment to the practice, he dwelt upon the good which in many ways might be derived from the works of such writers as Thackeray, Trollope, Miss Young, or the authoress of "John Halifax." As to natural science, he expressed a hope that the objection to science on the part of those who had accused scientific men of being their enemies was a thing of the past. He was not afraid of real seience or real scientific discovery, and religious people would do the greatest roesible harm if they set themselves against science and denounced the study of it. With regard to the method of reading, he advised his hearers to take notes and to make ab- stracts of the books they read and extracts from them, for a carefully. filled common-place book was a most valuable possession. The important thing in self- education was to acquire the power of concentrating the attention upon the work in hand. Lastly, be urged that while seeking the education of the mind they should also cultivate the sympathies of the heart and the aspirations of the soul, and concluded by re- minding his hearers of the humility with which men such as Newton and Bacon had spoken of the littleness of their knowledge.

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GYMNASTICS BY STEAK POWER.

MR. W. E. FORSTER, M.P., ON…

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