IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. HOTJSE OF LORDS, March 17, the Earl of Redesdale hn» a ^solution declaring that before two bills authoris- irlL 6 construction of narrow-guage railways in ireiana •jv*5 Proceeded with it was expedient that the Board ot ? report on the subject. After a discussion, in ulch the motion was opposed by both the °' ??nd and the Lord Chancellor, their lordships divided, and Jloted il by36 to 28- bursting of the 38-ton gun in the turi^t of the Jhderer was next brought before the House by the Duke 'Somerset, who complained that the report of the Com- JJuttee of Investigation was not In accordance with the 1«? en°e. and asked the House to consider what would be i^flyto happen in the turmoil of an engagement if such *Ures In ordinary practice were possible. Lord SUDELEY urged that a competent committee of r^Ulerigts should inquire into the whole question of naval Cillery. lord Elphlnstone said there was ample evidence that when were simultaneously fired there was no means of SjJpGrtalning by sound that one of them had not gone off. nature of the lever appliances which assisted in restoring gun to its position accounted for the absence of recoil ypihg Unnoticed and the use of the hydraulic rammer not ind c-ite from the inside of the turret thatthe first still r* iivam-d in the gun. Ilis lordship detailed a T*ttety of prtc-iutions which ic is proposed to take with a J?ew to prevt-nt such occurrences ih future, and added that *6 Ordnance Department would inquire into the whole Object. .Lord Cardwell having thanked the Government for this ■•Uement, the f.ubject dropped. A discussion took place on the motion for the second read- of the Rivers Consarvancy Bill, and the Duke of Richmond Gordon, in reply, said the proposed alteration in the of Conservancy B >ards would be adequately P'ovided for bv the bill. This measure and the Mutinv Act Vjjittnuance Bill w<re read a second time, and their Lord- "*P« rose at half past seven o'clock. R.Io the HOUSE-OF COMMONS, in answer to a request from rJ'C. Dilke that a day might be fixed for the commence- the debate on the Zulu War, the Chancellor of the ^ehequer s id that as is was imperatively necessary for Supplementary Estimates to-be voted before the end of financial year, he could not name any day earlier than Uraday week. tJ* M. Henry asked the Secretary of State for the Home "department what progress had been made in the investiga- i*°n of the case of William Habion, a young Irishman, con- JJpted In August, 1876, of the murder of a policeman at **h&Uey Range, near Manchester, but now alleged to be inno- and whether, pending the investigation, the convict ^d been relieved from the severities of penal discipline. T Mr. Cross replied—" The House will remember that 3. stated some time ago, that when this man was con- Jieted, I cune to the conclusion, in which the learned r&dge ^o tried the case entirely agreed, that Habron "J4* certainly not the man who fired ttie shot; but r^cumstanUai evidence was placed before the jury, and £ expressions were used by the man himself, tending implicate him in the murder, and therefore he under- cut the sentence. After the confession of the man Peace "Was necessary to consider very carefully all the circum- •t&cces again, and I stated to the House that owing to J1*' confession the qaestion would receive the most thnxtoul consideration of the Secretary of State how far- Jf}6 sentence should be allowed to stand. At the same time confession was one which would undoubtedly re- HUire the moat rigid scrutiny that could be applied ^°it. I, of course, had every assistance from the learned r^dge, and I thought it only right to lay the whole matter the law officers The result to which certainly I ^•y&eU havo come is that the statement made by the man has been so entirely corroborated in the import- alit points that I shall feel it to be my duty to advise the Crown to grant a free pardon to Habron. (Cheers.) It may be satisfactory to the House to know that in that Conclusion I have the entire concurrence of the learned Judge and the Law officers of the Crown. (Hear, hear.) Although it has not been the practice in such cases, however Unfortunate, to make compensation, I may be allowed to state that I can see my way to make certain arrange- ments by w hich care will be taken that the future of this unforiui-ate and unhappy man shall be attended to." Cheers.) Mr. si. Henry gave notice that on Monday next he would *hat compensation the Government proposed to make ^Ugh ) uuhapPy victim of the fallibility oi the law. (A .Mr. w. H. Smith, in answer to Mr. Gourley, gave detailed *ormatl°iv as to the ample supplies of coal provided for the iTa* 86 °' ^le transports conveying troops and stores to and mentioned that the delay at St. Vincent had kT^Ted in consequence of the mall steamers and the traus- arriving simultaneously and sufficient labour therefore "eing available. *erlng a question from Mr. Hopwood, Colonel Stanley to attention of the Government had been direct* d w working of the'Contagious Diseases Acts, and they in- to appoint a Committee to inquire into it. wm E Jenkins gave notice that, on going into Supply, he 'Uove a resolution calling on the Government to allay tot of the country by promptly stating its reasons Maintaining Lord Chlemsford in the supreme command. House then went into Committee of Supply on the p Estimates. The first vote, £ 4,598,000, for Military fly' fd Allowances, was under discussion from half-past »&, ^alf patt twelve, and practically the whole evening the by a series of trivial criticisms on the details of by jJ by Mr. Parnell, supported in innumerable speeches •. O'Bonnell and Mr. Biggar. a c°tnmencement Mr. Parnell endeavoured to obtain not had>ne,llent of the Estimates on the ground that he had Account, time to compare them with the Appropriation comp).. alld more than an hour was taken up with this by Sir p,. the course of the evening, a suggestion made J°rjjje J • Brien that a regiment of Irish Guards should be Mr. e.un!id to a lively scene of recrimination between him and mellta Dnnell. Mr. Parnell deprecated any further allure- Setvi being held out for Irishmen to enter the British hi* Rt,<* ^r- Biggar took the opportunity of expressing 9P'nion that If Russia and England were at war, a *~aJority of the Irish people would wish to see Russia flccesatul. (Oh, oh!") Lord Elcho severely repro- bated this language, Mr. O'Donnell replied in a heated JPeech, and an amendment moved by Sir P. O'Brien to teat opinion of the Committee on the point which he had tMsed WHS negatived by 120 to 6. Among other IhftB the old "Stock Purse" controversy was renewed, aM after being discussed for some tima a motion to strike Kut 'he item was negatived by 148 to 7. After the vote had agreed to, Mr. Parnell objected to going further, and the Exchequer mailed attention to the waste *hich had occurred, and pointed out that if all the Were to be discussed at the same length and with the repetitions it would be impossible fur the House to get its business. toTj- P. mell challenged the Chancellor of the Exchequer nim formally on a charge which, ff it was true, and Mr. Sullivan warned the Committee IJ^ted i had occurred was a sample of what might be ex- the future, for every page and every item would ho 88e< After this several other unopposed votes for h-effective services were agreed to. were forwarded a stage, and the Attorney- brought in his Employers' Liability Bill. e fiouae adjourned at twenty minutes past two o'clock. House OF LORDS, March 18, Lord Truro asked Her s Government for an explanation of the message of « and confidence transmitted by Her Majesty •JlfJ the Secretary for War to the CommandeV-in- Chief U1*. S, troops in South Africa after the disaster at Isan- £ be noble lord did not object to the expression of Dressi contained in that message, but he did to the ex- 4 cotonf °V en"re confidence," as unHsual when applied to Jtlore •ri,wl10 bad just sustained a great reverse, and as 3uiry had ntft i out cf c°urse when the Committee of In- Whether the me°*e^ itB inyestigation. He wanted to know tnet with the duly considered by and had tttent. 8 concurrence of Her Majesty's Govern- The Earl of Beaconsftni^ Cheerg, in reply said—m' I ° on riain8 was received with l°rdships who are acquair £ J«o^dll■ 1 need not assure your that nothing in the n.fT, 4?e Constitution of this 4be part of the Sovereign U ev^V>f a pubUo action P°hsibillty of her Minister., m„oiI,ev.except 011 the re' S^U not^ dwell on that point exceptlher^°re>1 that I think the manner in wPhic^°th,?al'e. he, re: made hts inquiry is net one co°^t ?hd (>Stitutlonal usages which are generally ohJervtd (?ear, hear ) At the same time, I nrn.t jemark tw ♦ w' l°he great peculiarity .in the question, an inquiry respecting a certain message, the pu™ hi. b'ch he criticizes in general language but totally avoids Ih^g befoie your lordships what that message which is tf t "UtJjeet of his controversy "ally (Hear, hear.) ha*he noble lord had only alluded te it, ImgM, perhaps, it over sliehtlv, or even unnoticed; but the »ei!fie 'ord in asking his question has entirely misrepre- the question The n«.ble lord referred to a message S £ «' waVST, Her Majesty, o. tl.e tt'onv. erntnent, to the comroander-m-i,hief and the ^eL»S in S,,uth A,rica- Now> m-v lords, what was that iJer Majesty, on learning wi^at had J he aPpily, in that part ol the world, immediately expressed lo«. ^ap'itr y with her army in the great disaster a they had incurred and Buffered, and at tne still use, I believe, the exact language— expressed *fOon« cor,fidence in the comica! der-in-chief and her hlesL uialntaln her name and honour. (Chews.) Such a st*ti in6 TEo most becoming in one occupying the exalted this realm, and that message was ?he cu?tom dtr the respontibility ol her advisers. (Hear.) 11 inr umerai>i«*t errecl to waa one which had been pursued Session of fef.ii/?stauces' alQd to h«ld that such an ex- ^itutionally exposed tho Sovereign« thus con- °d even to the dmon.'• uld be submitted lo the Cabinet ^tted to tirtroopsUin wh °' Parli"»^t before it is trans- lu >»hoae fu'ure exploit^ SU,fen"ga 11 sympathizes and destroy all that epontanloif.1"eSSt;S c,onflrtence wouId be messages to our brave trgr&ce ? coosolation whlch h a&ster are so eminently calonuf a i clrcum»tances of N.) There is nothing^inwff^ to conv'^ (Hear, ^egular and constitutional, ?^urre^ but what ^ich the i.oble lord-ot coUr" interpretation ^ed on thU message—the lan^u'^o 8 6at> he "ever quoted—conveys to mv min*' think to the minds of your lordshin^' „a" erroneous impretsion of the meaning which it w« to express. Iu the ■circumMnncef wh,Ch exisld of confidence by her Majesty, after an pi. JU of sympathy with their misfortunes and disasters' commander-in-chief ana her iroops to maintain &id honour was to my miiul most becoming and & 8nd not to be tortured into a formal "xpreaslot, lla'ted confidence in the commander-in-chief tn ^e which it has been by the tiob e 'ord- (Hear, hear.) wt 6 lord says that no expression of this kind on the r'li»/ 'he Sovereign, even with tiie approbation of her sh 'Uld have been made in coustquence of the In'l"lry at that time sitting. That c"^Jaas,t)ot anT;'J'jUiry into the conduct of the commander- ^rnarf, I;- was a Court of inquiry in&tnutod by the in"cbialt himtelf in order to obtain facts which Jf6 Can? bim to form an accurate opinion as to C1, iiaiet'^ the disaster, and which he might transmit to h 8 Government. Was it t > be supposed that n Cllmstanres an expiesiion o £ the feeling of &iirBo»ua^e *u tbe realm, which was calculated ion nf r^P8 in triuls of no common character—iin St* wbich is looked forward to by ti(.i^tv st in, P".emier 111 triumph or disconititure with the i till tho9 n to lie supposed that it should be »Vh,'r, "8 to flrr of Inquiry had come to some COD; convev «», order that <he cummancier-ic-cbiv f f an accurate report to the Government ? I am sure your lordships would never tolerate or sanction such a course as that. (Cheers.) Nothing occurred but what was regular and constitutional, It has been in accordance with what has been the habit ot the country, and it has been done on the full responsibility of the Ministry as is every public act of the Sovereign. My lords, I therefore think that the inquiry of the noble lord might have been avoided on this occasion. (Cheers). Lord Truro having explained that his purpose had been completely answered by the terms of the reply, the subject dropped, and their lordships rose before six o'clock. In the HOUSE OF COMMONS in answer to Mr. Mundella, the Chancellor of the Exchequer said that if the hon. gentleman would move for it, he would cause to be laid on the table oi the House a statement of the cost of the transport of the Indian troops from and to India, together with the pay and allowances, cost of provisions, and all other expenses inci- dental thereto. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, answering a question from Mr. Richard, said the Government bad no information of an ultimatum having been addressed to the King of BIn™ answer to Mr. Hlbbert, the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer said the Government thought it desirable that the vacancies created by the disfranchisement of Bridgewater, beveriey, Sligo, and Cashel should be filled up before the next general election but he added, amid much laughter, "there is no immediate hurry." In answer to Sir It. Peel, Colonel Stanley said he had fo warded her Majesty's telegram of sympathy and confidenc to Lord Chelmsford on the day or the day after the receipt of the disastrous news from Isandula consequently befory the receipt of his despatch and while the Court of Inquiry was sitting. But be pointed out that it did not contain an reference to Lord Chelmsford specially in his capacity of commander-in-chief and he added that he had not thought it necessary to consult his colleagues, but was sole y re- sponsible for the transmission of the message. Mr W. Cartwright directed attention to the Report from her Majesty's representatives abroad respecting the various modes and rate under which duties are paid on wines intro- duced into foreign countries, and to the correspondence respecting commercial relations between Great Britain and Spain, and moved the appointment of a Select Committee to inquire into the subject. Mr. Bourke stated that the Government would be disposed to grant the proposed Committee, but he suggested the withdrawal of the resolution until he had consulted with the Chancellor of the Exchequer as to the term of reference to the Committee. After a discussion, the Chancellor of the Exchequer ad- mitted that the inquiry was desirable, and promised to con- sult with Mr. Cartwright as to the terms of the reference. The motion was, upon this understanding, withdrawn. Mr. Delahunty next brought before the House the incon- veniences of a restricted circulation, which, by the alterna- tions of expansion and contraction it entailed, was re- sponsible, he contended, for much of the depression of trade. He moved a Resolution setting forth the opinion of the House that a free circulation of paper currency, together with a full and adequate circulation of paper convertible into specie on demand, is etsential tor the promotion and development of manufactures and trade. The Chancellor of the Exchequer expressed a general con- currence in the principles of the Resolution, but reserved his opinion with regard to any practical proposition which Mr. Delahunty might propose to found upon it-viz., abolish- ing one-pound notes or otherwise. Sir J. M Kenna and Mr. Biggar spoke, and the Resolution was then agreed to. Mr. Sclater-Booth, in introdueing the County Govern- ment Bill, after referring to the history of last year a Bill, indicated the chief points In which this year's measure differed from it. In the first place, he said it had been determined to give up the complete fusion of the Quarter Sessions with the new Boards then proposed. The magis- trates would continue to perform their police functions, and they would issue a precept for the necetsary expendi- ture to the County Board, with which would rest the levy and assessment of the county rate. Owing to the Bills which had been introduced this year the new Boards would not be charged with the functions of river con- servancy nor election ot coroners but they would have the administration of the Highways Act, the management of bridges and their approaches, the revision of work- house accommodation, and the provision of accommoda- tion for imbeciles and Idiots who were not fitting objects for the County Asylums. The Boards would be constituted of one-third magistrates and two-thirds guardians, elected by the guardians, and the electoral area would be settled by the magistrates in Quarter Sessions. The election would be by voting papers, and the term of office would be for three years. In the course of a desultory conversation which followed, Mr Stansfeld declared that the alterations of the Bill were all for the worse, and predicted for it a strenuous oppo- sition and feeble support. Mr. Rathbone, Lord E. Kitz- maurice, Mr. Cowen, Mr. Whitbread, Mr. Hibbert, and Mr. Goschen spoke in the same sense; while Mr. Gregory, Mr. Floyer, Sir G. Bowyer, and Mr. Hicki entirely approved the Bill in its altered state. Leave was then given to Introduce the Bill, and it was read a first time. Some other business was disposed of, and the House ad- journed at 25 minutes to one o'clock. In the HOUSE OF COMMONS, March 19, Mr. Vans Agnew moved the second reading of the Hypothec Abolition (Scot- land) Bill. A discussion ensued, in which Lord Elcho (who moved an amendment), Mr. B. Cochrane, Viscount Macduff, Mr C. D. Read, the Lord Advocate, Sir G. Balfour, Sir W. Cuninghame, Sir G. Montgomery, Mr. Ramsey, Mr. Bailie Hamilton, aud several other hon. members took part, and the House divided, when the numbers were—For the second reading, 204; against, 77 majority, 127. The Bill was accordingly ordered to be read a second time. The other orders were postponed, and the Home ad- journed.
MR. BRIGHT, M.P., ON THE GOVERNMENT. The Right Hon. John Bright, M.P., was recently written to by the Secretary of the All Saints Branch of the Workmen's Peace Society in Birmingham, ask- ing him whether he would support a Bill compelling the Crown and the Government to consult Parliament before going to war whether he would support the present Government in proposing a simultaneous re- duction of all standing armies whether he would support an inquiry into the present system of pensions, with a view to the abolition of such as those of the Duke of Marlborough ,.nd the Duke of Schomberg whether he would support Mr. Macdonald's Bill for liability of employers for injuries, and a Bill for shorter Parliaments. In reply Mr. Bright has sent the following letter, which was read at a meeting held on Mondar n'eht rn. Hecrflll,. March 11,1870. Dear Sir,-I cannot say Yes 'or No' to the questions you put to me. Any answer I could give to them would require explanation and more length of writing than I can put into an ordinary letter. I may say, however, that generally I doubt not that my views are much in harmony with yours on the points you have raised. "With regard to the liabilities of employers, if I remember correctly, I was willing to support the con- clusions of the committee appointed to consider the whole question. The Bill then before the House seemed to me to require amendment, The pensions to which you refer sheuld have been terminated by purchase long ago. Those perpetual pensions should never be granted. "I think no Parliament should sit for more than five years; probably three or four years would be a better time. With legard to the reduction of armies, it is ludicrous to think of supporting this Government in any attempt of the kind. The policy of this Govern- ment for three yearsi past has made the reduction of armies less possible than it was before and has been the cause of nearly all the war or wars which have afflicted the world during that period. They have made needless war in Asia and Africa, and were a main cause of the great war in the east of Europe. I hope they have convinced the nation that Parliament does not exert a sufficient control over the disposition to go to war shown by tne Ministers of the Crown but it must be remembered that the Parliament has partaken largely of the guilt of the Administration. A better House of C mmolas must precede any of the good things which you are hoping for.-I am, respect- fully yours, JOHN BRIGHT. Mr. Herbert Ball, Birmingham."
THE RELEASE OF WILLIAM HABRON. William Habron, who was wrongfully convicted of the Whalley Range murder, which Peace confessed to have committed, was discharged from Portland Prison on Tuesday. Habron, who knew nothing of the free par- don granted to him, was on Tuesday morning informed that he was about to be removed, with two other convicts about to be liberated. He was prepared for the journey, and set off for Millbank. By orders from the Home Office no communication was made to him respecting the cause of his removal, and the whole proceedings were kept secret. Habron did not seem excited. The two officers who travelled with him were ordered to observe strict silence. Habron's conduct and his health had alike been good during his incarcer- tion. It had been arranged that Mr. Deakin, the employer of the three Habrons, who has all through William's severe ordeal neither flinched in his belief in his inno- cence nor relaxed in his endeavours to procure his release, should come up from Manchester, meet Habron at Millbank, and take him under his charge to his relations in Ireland. Mr. Deakin was accord- ingly waiting at Millbank to receive him when he arrived. On Habron's arrival at On Habron's arrival at Millbank, the fact that he had been granted a free pardon was communicated to him, together with a statement of the reasons which bad actuated the Home Secretary in recommending it. Beyond hearing from a Seller-prisoner at Portland, who was recently admitted,, that Peace had confessed the Whalley Range murder, this was the first and only intimation of what had been done in reference to hia c.ise that the poor fellow had received. The first thing William Habron said to Mr. Deakin in the cell at Milihank when he was able to speak, which for some, minutes he could not do, 'was to i-xpress his thankfulness that at l»«t justice had been done to him, and he added, "You know, master, that we ne.ver disgraced you, He was so much over- come by the news that he was nnable to take off his prison drims and put on ordinary clothes, and had to be assisted by Mr. Deakin. As soon as the neces- sary formalities had been completed Mr. Deakin and Habron left the gaol. During the afternoon they took train for Manchester, where they arrived late on Tues- day night, Habron being taken to the house of Mr. Deakin^s brother, where the two brothers, John and Frank Habron, were waiting. The meeting between the three brothers was a very affecting one. The poor fellow seemed to be in good health, but showed in his features some traces of the suffering he has undergone. Habron has stated that after the sentence of death he suffered intense mental agony, although he was borne up by a consciousness of his innocence, and hoped that his life might be spared, and that he would ultimately be proved to the world to be guiltless. "In William Habron, at least," (says the Daily I News) there is a great fund of simple faith and atedfastness. 'I never believed,' he often repeats, that I could be brought in guilty, and when I was condemned I felt sure I could not be hanged, for, as I told the priest, God knows, you know, and I know that I am innocent of this crime, and an innocent man will never be allowed to suffer for the guilty.' It was probably this steady faith in justice being ultimately done that sustained the poor young fellow's heart and brain for the ten weeks during which he lay under sentence of death, a trial severe enough to crack the strongest nerves, and how much more terrible to a lad of eighteen !"—Habron s respite, which he received about three weeks after he was sentenced, was a great relief to him, but he continued to feel great anxiety as to what might be his fate until he was informed that his sentence of death had been commuted to penal servitude for life. After his removal to Portland he continued to hope that his innocence might be ultimately declared, and that enabled him to bear with some com- posure his confinement as a convict. The Manchester Evening Mail, in giving some further particulars respecting the release of Habron, says Mr. Cross, with the approval of Her Majesty the Queen intends to make a substan- tial grant from the Queen's Bounty to William Babron, and it has been arranged that the money shall be invested for his use, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Salford (the Right Rev. Dr. Vaughan) and Mr. Francis Deakin being appointed trustees. The agreement was arrived at on Tuesday at an interview between Mr. Cross, Mr. Hugh Birley, M.P. (who has also evinced great interest in the case), and Mr. F. Deakin. It has not yet been announced what amount will be granted, but we have good reason to believe that the compensation will be as handsome as the Government can possibly make for the injury that has been inflicted. Habron, with Mr. Deakin, left St. Pancras Station by the five o'clock express on Tuesday, and arrived in Manchester about ten o'clock. They drove to the house of Mr. William Deakin, in Stretford- road, where Frank and John Habron were waiting to receive their brother. Although great secrecy had been observed with reference to the liberation of Habron, news of his release spread rapidly, and as the train pulled up at the various stations on the journey he was cheered by numbers of people who, having be- come acquainted with the fact that he was travelling by tbq train, had congregated at the various places. He was recognised and warmly congratulated on his release. At Bedford one gentleman presented him with a £5 note, and at Leicester another gentleman gave him half a sovereign.—Mr. Deakin did not tell him that while he had been in prison his father had died broken- hearted in consequeuca of the intense grief caused to him by the conviction of his son, and the painful fact was only brought to his knowledge by one of his brothers when he reached the house of Mr. William Deakin. Habron was much affected by the news, as he said he had relied upon the hope of sooner or later being able to prove to his father and mother his innocence of the crime for which be has suffered. He remained at the house of Mr. William Deakin all night, and thir morning (Wednesday) he left for Ireland, in the company of one of his brothers and Mr. W. Deakin. Mr. Cross has given Mr. F. Deakin full liberty to provide for the wants of William Habron, and has instructed him to pay his fares to the different places he is wishful to visit, and to provide him with new clothes, and then to forward the bill of costs to the Home Office. It is proposed to open a public subscription list in the course of a few days on behalf of the three brothers, and Mr. William Deakin has offered to receive any subscriptions. It may be stated that the trial cost the Habrons £140, and exhausted the whole of their savings during the years they had been employed by Mr. Deakin."
THE VICTORIA CROSS. The London Gazette of Tuesday evening announces thatthe Queen has been graciously pleased to signify her intention to confer the decoration of the Victoria Cross on Captain John Cook, of the Bengal Staff Corps, for a signal act of valour at the action of the Peiwar ICotal on the 2nd of December, 1878. in having, during a very heavy fire, charged out of the entrenchments with such impetuosity that the enemy broke and fled, when, perceiving at the close of the mêlée, the danger of Major Galbraith, Assifitant-Aajutant-General, Kuram Column Field Force, who was in personal con- fliet with an Afghan soldier, Captain Cook distracted his attention to himself, and, aiming a sword cut which the Durani avoided, sprang upon him, and, grasping his throat, grappled with him. They both fell to the ground. The Durani, a most powerful man. still endeavoured to use his rifle, seized Captain Cook's arm in his teeth, until the struggle was ended by the man being shot through the head.
THE LORDS COMMITTEE ON INTEMPERANCE. There was Issued on Tuesday the Report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords, appointed In the Sessions 1878-9, for the purpose of inquiring Into the manner of habits of Intemperance, and into the prevalence which those habits have been affected by recent legisla- tion, and other causes." The Committee state that they have examined witnesses and extended their in- quiries into England, Scotland, and Ireland, and their Report, which Is dated March 17,1879, occupies more than 40 pages. The point of chief interest is the recommendation by their lordships of Mr. Chamberlain's suggested modifica- tion of the Gothenburg system, and which is given at some length.—The following Is a summary of their lordships' recommendations 1. That legislative facilities should be afforded for the local adoption of the Gothenburg and of Mr. Chamberlain's schemes, or of some modification of them. 2. That renewals of beerhousea, licensed before 1869, should be placed on the same footing as those of public- houses. 3. That in cases of decisions affecting the renewal of licences, in boroughs having separate quarter sessions, the appeal should be to the Recorder, where there is such a functionary, and not as at present to the county justices. 4. That it should be expressly enacted that justices should be authorised to refuse transfers on the same grounds of misconduct as those on which renewals of licences are now refused. 5. That no removal of a licence from one house to another should be sanctioned without giving to the in- habitants of the locality to which the removal is pro- posed the opportunity of stating their objections. 6. That no structural alterations of houses licensed for drinking on the premises, having for their object increased facilities for drinking, should be made with. out the previous approval of the licensing authority. 7. That a considerable increase should be made in licence duties. 8. That on week days licensed houses in England outside the metropolis should not be open before seven a.m., and that they should be closed one hour earlier than at present in the evening. 9. That licensed houses in Scotland and Ireland should be closed one hour earlier than at present on week days. 10. That on Sundays licensed houses in the metro- polis should be open from one to three p.m. for con- sumption off the premises only, and for consumption on the premises from seven to eleven p.m. That in other places in England they should be open from 12.30 to 2.30 p.m. for consumption off the premises OEIIY, and ior consumption on the premises from seven to ten p.m. in populous places, and from seven to nine P ?V other places. *1* That it should be made clear that even if a person professing to be a bond fide traveller has, on .c j i light, lodged outeide the three-mile limit, fri-afoTK t y ^he Act» it still rests with the magis- u his case may be brought to deter- mme whetherhe traveller of not. • 3 8tioea ahould have discretionary power of licensing music hall8 aud dancing 8aioon £ £ the country, as p esent in the metropolis, whether con- nected or not« and that all such places should be subject to supervision by the police. 13. That certain serious offences, such as those con- tained in the first category of the Act of 1872, should entail the compulsory endorsement of the licence, and that the treating of constables should be adde> to the lbt of offences included in the second category. 14 That any person or peeping for sale anv intoxicating liquor without a licence, should be ulble to penalties of the description and amount as those under thesis mg: 1»«-forp b £ »|T or for «p°™s'» oipS d'riKr name upon the bill of a shopkeeper u aaainet the tell off the premises, should be an offence against the licence punishable by immediate forfe* ure. 16. That a list of convictions, kept clerks, should be legal evidence of previous convio 17. That all occasional licences to sell elsewhere than on licensed premises should be granted by two justices at petty sessions assembled. 18. In Scotland, the Committee recommend that the amount of lines and the terms of imprisonment should oema^e, to follow those of the English Act,_ and be, like them, progressive. That severer penalties should 0 imposed, as in England, on persons drunk in charge oi horses, carriages, &c., and that publicans should_ be made liable to the same penalties for harbouring thieves, prostitutes, &c., as in England, under the iT™011 ofL Crimes Act. 1J. lhat the recommendations of the Royal Com- mission of 1877, for Scotland, on grocers' licences, should be adopted for Ireland, as far as they may be applicable, and especially that spirits should be sold in closed vessels only for minimum quantities. They also recommend that a qualification of value should be renuired for a public-house licenc 20. That in Ireland, and in present in England, no spirits should be supplied to children under 16 years of age.
THE ZULU WAR. (From Monday's Daily Telegraph.) RECOVERY OF THE COLOURS OF THE 24TH. MADERIA, March 15. Under the date of Feb. 4, a Special Correspondent on the Zulu frontier viTites as follows: A party went from our liHlecamp atRorkes Drift, con- sisting of Major Black, of the 2-24 8Cal)tal„ the Rev. George Smith, Chaplain of she J V^nifd'ale's Corns ?' nineteen men, the ^f^ti^ Mounted contingent1 Charles Raw four men of tne-Haw" and Brickhill interpreter^ th^Suff. downward Kit an almost impassable drift of our brave fellows, after the carnage of Isandhlwana Camp, essayed to pass and perished in the alt p • "The route was strewn with dead bodies those of the natives composing the majority, these being either members of the Natal Native contingent or loyal ^aU^s ^o believed in the supreme power of the Government or the magical effect of the boundary line, even to the last. When the steep path leading down the precipitous rocks to the river was reached scouts were posted. "A descent was made, and half iiitant Melvllle^nrt mile from the river, lay the bodies of A j d Lieutenant Cogbill These. were decentb^te^, <Ue £ vice was performed by the cnapiaiu. « » ring, Adjutant Melville's spurs, and ot^her iarticlei11Mloto the brave fellows beii-s caufully taken charge of by their comrades. „ ■•The path thence to the river strej^ ^rived aUhe ?in4Thr« charms, and arttcles of native dress, over hnol cast off, lying by the.roaring stream, boulders, and passing between precipitous c torrent bush and aloes, showed the spot where the rushing torrent and savage foe alike overwhelmed many bra, a men. "About 600 yards below, at ^8, Snetededin Harbour, of Commandant Lonsdale ^the mila onm finding the Queen's colours of the t nt., plete, injured by the action of the ripi 'nt)n„ th wise untouched, the gilt Lion and Crown other of pole, and the colour case were found by of Lonsdale's men a few yards lower down. These colours were borne back at the be ad of I'Mle cavalcade in triumph, and when R°r^e 8 t, t. the soldiers left their dinners or whatever occupation they were engaged upon, overjoyed at f r ? colours regained, and gave their heartiest che Id flag and for Major Black and the volunteers who had re- covered them. „ "The major, in a few well-chosen words, then jand^d the colours to Colonel Glyn amidst loud huzzahs, andt nel, with heartfelt emotion, on behalf of himself and egU ment, thanked the l'ttle band for the noble wor* „ ad voluntarily undertaken and successfully performed. The Daily News publishes a letter from the Cape, of which the following is au extract:— „ r,„ "PORT ELIZABETH, ieb. 14. "We are thankful but exceedingly puzzled to know why the enemy has remained quiescent. One the result might have been, aQd may yet '^ce- ments from home arrive. There are ODJyJ°I^Lo „r 'o?^> women, and children, in Natal, and if 29,000 „ 30,000 savages, skilled in military movements, and now effectively armed with the best that a Britlsn general's captured camp could yield, had come down fluaheo. with victory, they could have devastated the land most thorough y. Natal was and, at the time this is written, is complete.y at the mercy ot the Zulus, and its only safety is thati it» not know their power. Sympathy of a by the other South African Colouies towi„ sUter State in this crisis. Her Majesty s "e. BO tn sneak sucked out of every garrison in bouth Africa anddrawn toward s this scene of immediate danger. The gaps they leave have to be filled by the volunteer forces, and in many instances the individuals of the latter have for- saken business, families, and homes to do garrison duty for several months where it may be required. More than that, every male civilian between the ages ot 18 and óO is now enrolled as a member of a burgher force to defend, if need be. the towns and villages which may be denuded of volunteers, by the latter being sent to the front In this way, by money subscriptions and by sym- pathetic language, substantial interest is Bhown in the mis- fortunes of the sister colony. Doubtless a «ommunity of danger may account for some of this action, but it will not explain it alL It may, however, affect the relations of the white and black races, and we may possibly see, dependent on circumstances, a new departure in policy date from the Isandula reverse." A despatch from Lord Chelmsford was published in a supplement to the London Gazette on Saturday. .Accompanying it is a report of the proceedings of the court of inquiry held upon the disaster at Isandula. Lord Chelmsford expresses his regret that more evi. dence has not been taken, and states that he has given instructions that all those who escaped and who are able to throw any light upon the occur- rences of the day should be at once called upon for a statement of what they saw. Lord Chelmsford says that the court has very properly abstained from giving any opinion upon the evidence obtained, and he himself draws no conclusion from it.-A list of officers and men killed in action at the Camp, Isapdlana Hill, Zululand, on the 22nd January, is given.
EPITOME OF NEWS. BRITISH AND FOREIGN. The total number of pictures now contained in the public rooms of the National Gallery Is 1,008. A Parliamentary Return shows that on the 4th January last there were dividends due and not demanded at the Bank of England to the amount of not less than £ 861,901- At Bleiberg, a village near Villach, in the Austrian Tyrol, an enormous avalanche has fallen from Mont Dobratsch and crushed nine houses. In one the corpses of a whole family of eight were found; in the others twenty- five killed and eighteen seriously injured, some of whom have since died, and fifteen other persons are missing. The avalanche is 250 metres broad and 38 high. A second avalanche fell on a house, killing seven persons, and about eighty avalanches have fallen within an area of eight miles. The pretty village of Varnet, near Vichy, consisting of 100 houses, has been entirely burnt down. It is stated that the experiments with the electric light recently made in the reading-room of the British Museum have satisfied the trustees of its applicability for the purposes of the room as far as the amount and distribution of light are concerned, although the full number of lamps was not employed. The Portuguese Government has issued a decree prohibiting the importation from the United States of pork in every shape, In consequence of the prevalence of trichi- nosis. In accordance with a suggestion recently made to him by a deputation, the Home Secretary has decided lie classify as far as possible the long-termed convicts professing the Presbyterian religion, so that they may be enabled to enjoy the services of a chaplain. A great strike is threatened in the glass trade of the Midlands, the masters having announced their intention to reduce wages 15 per cent. The step, it is believed, will affect the trade throughout the kingdom, and the Glassmakers' Union will assist the operatives in their resistance. A meeting of the Central Committee of the North and North-East Lancashire Association of Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers was held at Manchester on Tuesday, to onaiderthe wages question. It was a short time ago re- solved to reduce the operatives wages to the extent of 10 per cent. but the chairman announced on Tuesday that, influenced by the omission of duties on cotton goods im- ported into India, which they were inclined to belitve would have a beneficial effect on the trade of Lancashire, they had decided only to reduce wages 5 per cent. The fifty-fith annual meeting of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution was held in London on Tuesday. The Duke of Northumberland president, presided, and there was a large and influential attendance. From the annual report, it appeared taut 10 new lifeboats had been added during the jeax, making a total ot 268 now under the management of the society. "Britone !-We have two wars and no general patriotic fuud. Are there no patriots among us to start one ? Prodigal of aid to all others, shall we forget those who die and those who suffer for Britain 1 Shall we neglect our own soldiers and sailers ? Shame of us it we do, says Little John Nobody."—Advertisement in The Times. The Berlin Correspondent of The Times says that at his weekly Parliamentary soiree on Friday evening Prince Bismarck varied his recital of hunting anecdotes by denying the intention attributed to him of dissolving the Reichstag. About £ 70.) has already been subscribed in aid of the widows and families of the men of the 24th Regiment who were killed at, Isandula, and Major-General E. Wode- house, Major-General T. Ross, aud Colonel A. Macpherson, all late ot the 21th Regiment, have formed a committee to receive further subscriptions. When the fund was opened it was intended to devote the psoceeds entirely to the 24th, but the committee have now under consideration to extend it to the widows and orphans of all British soldiers who fell at I-dal- The delegates from the Durham County Miners' Association held another special meeting on Wednesday in the Miners' Hall, Durham, to consider the proposed reduc- tions of 15 and 10 per cent. in the underground and surface wages, which take effect on the 6th prox After nearly six bonrs animated discussion the decision of Saturday for opeji arbitration was confirmed, and telegraphed to the Coalownar's Association at Newcastle. Contrary to expectation, the telegram was ignored by the employers, and the prospect of an amicable settlement is now very remote, unless the men accept the full reduction, so that a general strike of nearly fif.y thousand Durham miners is imminent next month. A feeling of great uneasiness prevails through the county, The Manatee, which has .n°w Aquarium, Westminster, for neat Ay n,De m°nths, died last Saturday morning. Saturday morning. The heir-apparent to the Persian throne has set out for St. Peterabnrg. Her Majesty's ship Osborne, which bas been placed at the disposal of the Duke and Duchess ol Connaught by the Prince of Wales tor a trip to the Mediterranean, will, accord- ing to present arrangements, leave with Duke ana Duchess on the 24th Inst. She is expected fe> be away Dine weeks. More than 2,000 file-cutters and forgflCS met at Sheffield on Monday evening and resolved fo resist a pro- posed reduction of wages, the meeting pledging its members to abstain from seeking employment for one month. This amounts practically to a strike in the file trade. The meetmg was the largest held since the gathering prior to the great strike of i860. The population of Berlin is given at 1,052,900, and the return for the week ended on February 22 shows 140 marriages, 472 deaths, and 844 births, of which 12 per cent. were illegitimate also an immigration of 1,616 against an emigration of 1,052. On Monday Lord George Hamilton distributed the prizes which had been won by the students of the South Kensington Schools of Art in tne local and national competi- tion of 1878. The ceremony took place in the theatre of the South Kensington Museum. The noble lord congratulated the pupils upon the success which had been achieved during the past year, and stated that the British exhibits at the late Paris Exhibition contradicted the belief which prevailed abroad, Vid to some extent at home, that we were a dull, unimaginative race. At a meeting of George Heriot's Hospital, Edin- burgh, a provisional order whereby the hospital funds are opened up for the secondary education of the poorer classes of Edinburgh was approved, and it was decided to petition the Home Secretary to sanction it. Tbe George Heriot's Hospital Trust is the wealthiest institution ol the kind in Scotland, and at present provides primary education for over 5,000 children resident in Edinburgh. In a letter on the subject of "Steel for War Pur- poses," Mr. Henry Bessemer remarks "that prior to my in- vention a cast steel bar of the weight of an ordinary rail could not be pur chased in Sheffield tor less price than J645 per ton. But by the Bessemer process several thousand tons of cast-steel rails are at the present moment in course of manufacture in Sheffield at prices below 45 per ton, and I believe the lowest quotation has reached P,4 12s." Sir Richard Wallace (Galignani says) has given ten new fountains to the city of Paris, which are to be erected against the walls in different parts of the capital. They are of cast-iron, and on the same pattern throughout, like those now seen in the streets. A constant supply of filtered water will thus be at the command of the poorer inhabitants in the vicinity of each. On Tuesday (18th) the tbicty-first birthday of Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lome, was celebrated at Windsor with the customary rejoicings. A grand banquet was given in Constantinople on Monday evening by the Sultan to Admiral Hornby and the officers of the British fleet. Many Turkish Ministers, generals, and admirals were also present. The Sultan, in proposing the health of Queen Victoria, spoke in high terms of the services rendered by Admiral Horn wand the officers of the fleet, and expressed hopes that the union between Turkey and England would become closer. A five-cent cigar, with a good draught and an enter- prising youth attached to the tail-end of it will load the immediate atmosphere with a fragrance that discounts a bone-yard, or a boot iactory that burns its own scraps.- Boston Courier. An English newspaper is now being published at AU Musjid. It would appear that the 51st Foot have a regi- mental piper, rejoicing in the title of The Bugle; and, in spite ef being on active service, they Issued a number OR the 1st ult. It contains the following :—" We believe that this is the first newspaper published in English in Afghanistan. The Bugle has a larger circulation than any other paper in Cabul; and when our Afghan friends have been sufficiently educated by the Martini-Henry, it will doubtless be largely read by our allies who live on the hill-tops, and cultivate everything except corn and friendly relations." Experiments with an electric light apparatus fitted on board the turret ship Dreadnought took place at Ports- mouth on Monday night. The system employed was Mr. Wilde's, and the machinery for generating the electricity was driven by a 40-horse power engine, which was fitted in the hold. The light was so contrived as to be capable of concentration upon objects at a short distance, or of diffu- sion over a large area. The experiments were considered very satisfactory. Overtime in the Chatham Dockyard, except in special cases is now to be discontinued. Yokohama, Japan, now boasts a cricket club, a racing club, and a beating club, a splendid athletic club, with a fine track of 144 yards; also a football club, and American base ball club, a Swiss rifle club, and a ladies' lawn tennis club. The National Bank has opened subscription lists at all its branches for the Irish testimonial to the Very Rev. Dr. Newman on his elevation to the Cardiaalate. A petroleum spring, one boring of which has yielded 2,000 kilos, in 24 hours, has been discovered at Pohar, in Austrian Pettnd. The six days' contest for the Long-distance Pedes- trian Championship of the World was finished at ten o'clock on Saturday evening in last week, at Gilmore's Gar- dens, New York, in the presence of an immense assemblage. Charles Rowell, of Cambridge, Eogland, proved victorious, having travelled 600 miles; John Ennis, of Chicago, was second, having covered 475 miles; and Charles A. Harriman, of Boston, third, having placed 450 miles to his credit Daniel O'Leary, the late champion, retired on Wednesday afternoon, having travelled 2151 miles. The fishermen of Cherbourg have addressed a peti- tion to the Cherbourg Chamber of Commerce, praying for an increase of 6 francs per 100 kilogrammes in the present duty upon fish, to protect the French fish markets from the importation of English fish, the present rate of duty not being considered sufficient. Signor Sciaparelli, the famous astronomer of Milan, has just published a map of Mars, which shows configura- tions on the surface of that planet corresponding in every particular to those of our own world. Thus Mars has like- wise its north and south poles, thick with ice fields as the poles of our own planet. It has also continents and oceans as we have, and the map shows in what direction the greater rivers flow-at least at their mouths-tile points of their dis- charge into the ocean being distinctly visible. The fund raised in Leeds in the month of December last for the purpose of relieving distress, caused partly by trade depression and partly by the severity of the weather, is now practically exhausted, aud at a meeting of the Central Committee, held on Wednesday, the mayor presiding, it was determined to bring the operations of the committee and the distribution of relief to a close at the end of next week. During its existence the committee has raised in subscriptions and distributed the sum of £5,600. Three weeks ago a fleet of fishing-boats left Buckie, Banffshire, to prosecute the spring cod fishing in Shetland. The boats were caught in a severe gale shortly after sailing, but all reached their destination save one, which has not been heard of, and is given up as lost. She had on board four men, a boy, and a girl, all of whom, it is feared, have perished. Good news for the manufacturers of wire-binding reaping machines comes from the United States, where the millers had threatened not to buy wheat hound with wire, or only to buy it at a reduced price. It has been discovered that, by placing magnets in the shoots through which the grain passes before being ground, any piece of wire which may be present are attracted and cling to the magnets, and are thus kept away from the millstones and machinery .-Mark-Lane Express. A new Protestant sect, distinguished, like the Shakers, by their physical extravagances, has appeared in Westphalia, the proselytes being chiefly women. Frequent friendly interviews are reported to take place between Prince Gortschakoff and Lord Dufferln. Great distress is reported to exist in certain parts of Bavaria.. The Visiting Justices of Salford Prison, Man- chester, have, in concert with magistrates in various parts of the kingdom, convened a national meeting of Visiting Justices to assemble at the Westminster Palace Hotel, London, on April 2, at noon, for the purpose of discussing the mode of administering prisons under the The meeting will be Invited to pronounce its opinion as to the tendency of the new rules, the question of centralisation, the desirability of local management of gaols, and of the residence of the prison commissioners and inspectors in their respective districts, also as to the audit of .accounts and the system of prison contracts. The Bishop of Angra, in Portugal, has issued a pastoral on the lack of candidates for the priesthood, and ex- presses a fear of a clerical famine in his diecese. The receipts on account of revenue from the 1st April, 1878, when there was a balance of £ 6,243,S8», to Mauch 15, 1879, were £ 78,683,549, against £ 76,989,660 in the corresponding period of the preceding financial year, which began with a balance of £ 5,988,650. The net expenditure was £.18,704,002, against £74,490,996 to the same date in the previous year. The Treasury balances on March 15 amounted to 48,662,460, and at the same date in 1878 to A-8,41 On Tuesday a bronze colossal statue, by Mossman, of Dr. Livingstone, the African traveller, was unveiled on the west side of George-square, Glasgow ,in the presence of several thousands, by Mr. James White, Chairman of Sub- scribers. Dr. Livingstone's two daughters and Dr. Stewart Livingstone were present. The Lord Provost and magis- trates officially received the statue In the name of the Glasgow citizens. The statue represents Dr. Livingstone, with a Bible in one hand and a cap in. the other. This is the thirteenth statue in George-square An important geographical discovery is announced from India. The course of tie Sanpu, or great river of Tibet, has been surveyed by one 'oi the native explorers attached to the Indian Survey for a distance of 200 miles eastward of Che tang, the furthest pcint to which it had hitherto been traced in that direction. It then turned southward into some hills which the explorer was unable to penetrate. This settles a vexata., qucestio which has long exercised the minds of geographers, as to the identity of the Sanpu and the Brahmaputra. The cotton trade in India appears to be affected by the depression, under which it is suffering throughout Europe. From the annual report of the Bombay Mill- owners' Association we learn that the adoption of short time last year failed to clear off the accumulated stock oi goods on the!,r hands, and that the depression became s severe as th d year drew to a close that a proposal r by the comniittee of the association to reduce wages lo P cent. Th & proposal was not adopted, and the comvor is urge tha'i matters are going from bad to so there r>ny hope of Improvement while food con dear."—From "Trade and Finance" in the • In answer to a deputation, Mr. Palmer, MP, which asked that a Committee of the House of Commons should be nominated to hiq mercial treaties with foreign ^Mtnes.more especiaUywith Spain, Sir Stafford Northcote said tea' ad- mitted that the present state s.^1'» was la8S favourable to Spam, among to *rs-flCe. but they did not yet see how it could be altered without a considerable loss of revenue. That loss of revenue could not be made unless the advantages they were to receive from Spain and Portugal in return were more clearly set forth than at present. He thought thg wine duties should not be dealt with alone, but that an endeavour should be made to bring about generally a Dettei state, ot relations. A prize of one hundred guinawi has been offered by the Sydney Morning Herald for the best poem on the Sydney International Kxhibltion. All British subjects are allowed to compete. It is announced from Ottawa that the Canadian Finance Minister has submitted to Parliament an entirely Jjew tariff which impoies new duties and increases the exist ones on woollen and cotton manufactures, iron, steel, and other metals and manufactures, liquors, wines «fcc. The bulk of the changes made affect importa- tions from the United States. The Syndicate of silk manufacturers and merchants ol Lyons have placed themselves at the head the Free- trade party, toreeeeing that the Protectionist system would be ruinous for the Lyons factories. They have, moreover, resolved to cause subscription lists to be circulated. The money thus btai ned will be employed for sending delegates throughout France and for holding meetings in favour of Free trade. 6 The ann-nal Governmental Report shows a falling off of about two per cent in the duty paid for game licenses, the amount received in the year ended 31st March, 1878, being £ 190;522, against £ 194,275 tn the preceding year. Gun licenses show very httte change, the amount received being £ 76,4&2, against £ 77,204 m the preceding year. The Frankfurter Zeitung mentions the Iron Wedding," or the 70th anniversary, of the marriage ot an ex- Rabbi at Vietz, near Berlin, named hUberstetn. who is in his 93rd year. He has 145 descendants, Mot whom attended the celebratioa. According to a short telegram received on Saturday evening, and read to the congregation on Sunday morning! u the Metropolitan Tabernacle by the officiating clergyman, the Rev. Charles LoveJl, of Victoria-park, it appears that the bracing air of Mentone, where Mr. Spurgeon has been sojourning for some seven weeks, has acted most beneficially on the rev. gentleman's health and spirits. The Prince of Wales, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Germany and Prince William of Prussia, visited Oxford on Tuesday. On their arrival they visited All Souls, the Bodleiair Library, and the Taylor Institution. The first levee of the season was held on Monday by the Prince of Wales at St. James's Palace. Amongst those present were the Crown Prince of Germany, the Duke of Edingburgh, Prince William of Prussia, Prince Frederick Charles, the Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Christian. There were 27 British and foreign wrecks reported during the past week, making a total of 452 for the present year, or an increase of 120, as compared with the correspond- ing period of last year. The approximate value of pronertT lost was £310,000, including British .MOO.OOO. A society is being formed of American authors, especially novelists, to urge upon the Governments both of the United States and of Great Britain the necessity for establishing international copyright, on the ground that it is impossible for even the best American literature at the pre- sent time to compete with cheap piracies from England. Her Majesty, accompanied by Princess Beatrice, and attended by General H. F. Pt nsonby and suite ia, according to the most recent arrangements, expected to leave Windsor Castle about the 25th or 27th inst., for Italy, and the necessary preparations are now beigg made for the Royal journey. The accounts of the Paris Exhibition of 1867 have just been closed, and show a surplus of 65,8061, to be equally divided between the State, the municipality, and the sub- scribers. These last will accordingly receive If. 79c. per share, or rather may receive it, for most of them will doubt- less make a present of it to the State. An Hungarian veterinary inspector of cattle pro- poses to inoculate healthy animals with rinderpest in much the same manner as children are inoculated for small-pox, The course of tbe disease in inoculated animals appears to be. as a rule, very mild, and the number of deaths to be in- significant. At Lyons, the other day, 150 artisans repaired to the Town-hall and sent ten of their number to the prefect to solicit work or relief. The prefect told them that any demon- stration or disorder would only aggravate their distress, and the men dispersed. On the 16th of April and three following days there will be/ltesat Cannes in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Lord Brougham, to whem the prosperity of the town is so largely due. They are announced as under the patronage of the senators and deputies of the Alpes- Maritimes and other local dignitaries. There will be a horticultural and art exhibition, an international regatta, a Venetian fite, horse and velocipede races, displays of fire- works, illuminations, a ball, &c., and on the afternoon of the last day the statue of Brougham will be unveiled. A curious old Seslan chair, declared to have been used frequently by Napoleon I., has been sold in Paris. The sedan was built at Avignon in 1761 for the De Jenas family, who were intimate friends of Napoleon when he was tn garrison at Nimes. The panels are beautifully painted, the pictures being a view on the banks of the Rbdne, a nympb representing the Saone, Narcissus surprised by Echo, and the triumph of Amphytrite; while the metal work and the poles which support the chair are most delicately executed. Intelligence has been received from Rome that Dr. Maccabe has been appointed Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin, and Monsignor Woodcock, Rector of the Roman Catholic University, has been appointed Bishop of Ardagb. Dr. Maccabe's appointment was approved of by an unanimoiM vote of the College of Cardinals. On Monday the goods guards employed upon the Bristol district of the Great Western Railway held a meeting to consider the directors' notice of extended hours, and unanimously passed resolutions agreeing to 66 hours per week, or 60 hours running time, so long as depression of trade should last, upon the understanding that when trade revived the directors would adhere to the agreement of 1872. The Sportsman publishes a letter from Weston, the pedestrian, challenging Charles Rowell, the winner of the championship of the world belt in the match concluded in New York on Saturday, to enter into a contest with him foe. it, Rowell to name the time and place. An instance of the Queen's consideration and kindly interest In those around her occurred at Windsor Castle, on Tuesday afternoon. About three o'clock, Private Stone. 2nd Battalion Cold stream Guards, who was doing sentry duty at the Victoria Tower on the east terrace, where the apartments of the Royal family are situated, was suddenly taken ill. The Queen, noticing the Condition of the soldier, immediately sent for one of the Royal sur- geons and the sergeant of the guard, when some cushions were placed in a cab, and in this Private Stone was removed to the regimental hospital. A monument erected to the memory of soldiers who fell at the battle of Novara will be unveiled at Novara on the 23rd inst. Representatives of the Indian army will be present at the ceremony, and the Emperor of Austria has appointed Colonel Yon Keil to represent the Austrian army on the occasion. The Americans are certainly an eccentric people, and manage to find amusement out of strange material. The charm of their humour is its oddness, as the following ad- vertisement in a New York paper will go a good way to prove. The advertiser is the manager of a new hotel, and the advertisement sets forth its merits. They Include proxi- mity to nearly everything that is desirable, and especially to a large railway-station. The ooffee-room windows look straight out on the doors of the booking-room office, so tsat visitors breakfasting In the hotel can see the faces of the people who have arrived late for their train. —Mayfaxr.
THE MARKETS. M ARK-LANE.—MONDAY. Quietness prevailed in the grain trade at Mark-lane. The cold weathtr had no appreciable effectin the face of a weaker trade In arrivals. English wheat came rather sparingly to hand. Factors wre not eager to foree sales, nor were millers free buyers, hence not much was done. Fine samples were held for full prices, but other sorts were Irregular. Foreign wh^t, of which a fair supply was on ofler, sold quietly, at about late rates. The barley trade was not so strong, but the value 01 grinding and malting produce was without change. Malt sold at previous currencies, Oats were in quiet request, at about late rates. Maize was dull of sale, as previous quotations. Beans and peas were quiet, and without alteration. The floor market was much in the same position. METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET.—MONDAY. A rather better tone prevails in the cattle trade. Supplies were not so large,, and the weather was cooler. From out own grazing districts the receipts of beasts were less nume- rous, and the quality and condition were about the same. More steadiness was observed in the demand. Occasionally the best Scots and crosses realised 6s. 4d., but 6s. 2d. per 8ib. must be accepted as the general top quotation. Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire we receiwa about 1,600, from other parts of England about 600, ttom, tV2 land 60, and from Ireland 200 head. The foreign side o' j. market was lessfreely supplied chiefly with Danish and »P stock, for which the trade was firmer at hardening In the sheep pens there was a lair display, and able proportion of the supply was clipped. ^Ifaccesaion the trade was much about the same, with a sU* wUh ot steadlneas. The shorthosns and httl/jr «d to 5s Rd realised 6s to 6s. Sd., and ditto cUpped. rates At per 81b. Calves and pigs sold quietly notations —hi. Deptford there were about 9,000 sbe«P- 6, „ ferior beasis, 4s. to is. 6d.second gall™ £ £ prime large oxen, 4s. 8d. to 5s Pr'P1 ."iitv f,« ka tn R. interior .bMp,5«. to 5i. 64. prima .SouthCoinV METMOPOLITA-N "J*?!AJKEI — Moron. With cooler weatber »"d^e Liinw1"8 \he trade somewhat better. 3. £ 70:^S^wn^l» <>II FTIL to 3a Sd.: *0 3b. lGd. lares ditto to. STna11 ditto, 4s 6d. to 4s lOd • veal, 6s- 8d-h 'A mutton, 3s. to 3s 4d.; middling dJtt<,i/%o 3s 10^' prime dltto'6s- to 6s-; large pork, dUt0> 4s" t0 43"64-» and lamb, a». 8a- Per 31b. by jhe carcase. HOPS. The trade in hops remains very slow, and prices rule In favour of ouy Ahe exceptionally low prices prevailing f»u^ n8 °f importance; and as consumers < n° huiTy to seize the favourable oppor- tUnity offered 10r replenishing their stocks no very cheerful feelblg can willi be entertained of the immediate future of the market. Really fine hops are, however, scarce, and Prf"y J*U heid. East Kent goldings, £ 2 10s. to £ 7 Mid a 1 n 10s- to £ 5 12s.: Weald ol Kent, £ 2 5s. to £ 4; s-issex, £ g 2s. to £ 310s.; Worcesters, £ 4 to £ 5 16s.; Farn- p*1?. aQd country, £ 4 to £ 5 15s.; Bavarians, £ 2 12s- i Belgians, £ 2 to £ 3 6s.; Alsace, £ 2 7s. to £ 4; Ame- rtcan, £ 2 16s. to £ 4 4s. GAME AND POULTRY. Irish fowls, 2s. to 4s. Essex ditto, 2s. 6d. to 6s.; os on ditto, 3s. to 4s. 9d. Sussex ditto, 3s. 6d. to 6s. 3d., »ur ey ditto, 4s. 6d. to 12s. 6d. live hens, is. W. to 3s.. Paeons, 8d. to Is. Bordeaux ditto, 2s. to 2s 3d h»res, 4s. t white ditto, Is. lOd. to 3s. Hungarian ditto, -s Sd to 3s. 6d. 'tame rabbits, la 3d. to 3s.; wild ditto, Is. to 2s. ptarmigan, Is. to li. 3d. each. FISH. Cod..66 12s. 6d. to B10 per score; Picked ditto, £1185. 6d. to £ 2 5s. per barrel; crimps ditto, lOa* 6^ to 6d. eaeb, mackerel, 3s. to 6s. per down; crabs, 4.0 to 655. p.-r kit ;Iarge soles, 3s. 9d. to 6s. per pair bloatevs, 4s. 1M. to 8s 6d. ppr box; kippers, 7L 6d. to 12s. Od. pev basket; trout, Is to Is. 10s. per Ih. mullet, 6s. 9(1. to 108 6d, per score; lobsters 12s. to 40s. per dozen.