ABERYSTWYTH SCHOOL BOARD. The "ordinary monthly meeting was held yester- day, and there were present Mr L. P. Pugh (chair- man), the Rev. Dr. Charles (vice-chairman), the Rev. E. O. Phillips, the Rev J. Williams, Messrs. Thomas Jones, W. H. Thomas, Peter Jones, and J. W. Tho- mas (clerk). The minutes of the last meeting were read and signed by the chairman. Mr Thomas Jones said that before they passed to the business of the day, he wished to make a remark or two with regard to the site which had been fixed upon for a Board School. He thought it was a mis- take on the part of the School Board to decide upon the site in front of Lewis Terrace, aad he wished it to ke recorded that this decision had not altered his opinion with reference to the suitableness of the site at the bottom of High-street, which was in the heart of a district where numerous children were born, slept, ate, and drank. It was a central site he had had the place measured, and found that after leaving ten feet at each end for a roadway, there would be half an acre of ground on which a school could he built. Another argument in its favour was that it could be more easily drained, and was of less value to the corporation (while more suitable for a school) than the piece of land which had been chosen. Mr W. H. Thomas: Don't you think the drain going into the harbour close by tells against the selection of that piece of ground ? Mr Jones No, I don't; bnt I only mention this as my own opinion. The Chairman enquired whether Mr Jones had any proposition to make with regard to an alteration in the site. Mr Jones replied in the negative, and said he only wished to state his opinion on the subject. The Board then proceeded to discuss the steps to be taken in order to obtain plans for the erection of a school to accommodate 600 children and it was ultimately agreed that advertisements should be in- serted in the Aberystwyth Observer, the Cambrian News, and the Builder, inviting application from architects by the next meeting. The Clerk said the Board was at a dead lock so far as finances were concerned. The members would recollect that a precept was issued to the borough treasurer for 30Z. to be paid to the treasurer of the Board. Mr Hughes, however, said he could not pay the money unless the precept was signed by the town clerk and three members of the corporation, and when he (the clerk) obtained these signatures, Mr Hughes then wanted a guarantee that the money would be refunded, as he had no corporation funds in his possession. The money was not paid, now people were crying out for their money, and he (the clerk) was not able to pay them. Mr Thomas Jones said that only the other day the council were unable to pay some labourers' bills for want of money but he did not wonder at Mr Hughes refusing to advance any, because the Treasury had said it was a very unusual thing for a corporation to borrow money of one of its own officers. The Chairman suggested that the matter should be brought under the notice of the council at their meeting on Thursday next. If the Board made a rate for such a small amount themselves, it would cost a deal of money to collect it. It was next agreed that a small deputation of the Board should wait upon the council with reference to this and other matters, and the proceedings ter- minated.
-+ TREGARON. A WOMAN MISSING.—On the morning of New Year's Day, a woman named Mary Davies, aged 66, a hawker, and a native of Tregaron, left her home to see her daughter, at Llanddewi-brefi, a village three miles off. In the evening she left that place to re- turn home it was pouring with rain, and the night was dark and stormy, and she would have to cross a small brook, called Carvan, over a small narrow foot bridge. The general opinion is, that she either failed to reach the bridge or attempted to wade the brook, and was carried away by the rapid current into the Teify, as she has not been seen or heard of since. As soon as the news spread, numbers went along the valley in search of the missing woman, and fisher- men from Llandyssil, with their "coracles, were brought, who dragged the river Teify, which has overflowed its banks, but, unfortunately, their exer- tions proved of no avail, except that a small piece of ribbon was picked up at the weir of Llanio Mill, which belonged to the woman's bonnet. It seems that a gentleman and his wife passed from Tregaron along the road about seven o'clock, and with diffi- culty drove across the Carvan, and after going along the road about 300 yards, the horse shyed, and the gentleman got out of his trap and found an open umbrella, which belonged to the missing woman. According to this gentleman's statement, the current. was very strong. Great sympathy is shown towards Mrs Davies's children and friends in their anxiety, but we hope before long some clue may be found to the mystery, as the search is still vigourously prose- cuted.
BALA JUSTICE. Under this heading, the Prince de Vismes et de Ponthieu thus writes to the Standard;—" In a notice which appears in your paper of Monday, January 1st, 'A French Prince in a Welsh Police Court,' I beg to say there are several inaccuracies. I am not the Prince Julius Julian de Vismes et de Pontbieu, but the Prince Julius Sulivan do Vismes et de Ponthieu. Though bearing a French title, I am an Englishman—as 'Burke's Peerage' will inform you—born and bred in Surrey. The so-called trespass consisted of my being with two of my boys—one ten years of age and the other three-who were picking sloes. I was merely walking about and amusing the children. It is quite true I had four dogs (puppies of three months old) with me. This David Jones, of Pandymawr, is not the occupier of the land, but servant to his mother. As regards the assaults, I certainly did strike Mr Jones, and, under similar circumstances, would do it again. I totally deny having said I 'thrashed five Welshmen.' The reason I struck him was this. My little son, ten years old, was with my man-servant, at Llanuwchllyn Station, waiting my arrival from Bala, where I had been to buy some Christmas presents. He came to me crying, saying he had been insulted, as well as the man-servant, for upwards of an hour, by this fellow (the train was one hour and twenty minutes late that evening). This man has been in the habit of annoying members of my household for some time past—so much so that I wrote to Mr Clough, chief constabieof Merionethshire, begging his protection and a resident policeman at Llanuwchllyn he wrote and told me he was not able to grant my request, though he well knew one was required, and had before applied for one, but was refused on account of the expense. I have my opinion of Bala justice but this I say, which I said to the bench, that a nest of greater ruffians and blackguards than reside round Llanuwchllyn are not to be met with in North Wales. I may observe that the man Jones deliberately per- jured himself, for which I shall cause him to be served with a writ. *In conclusion, any Englishman wishing peace and quietness, I advise him to steer clear of Bala and its environs. I should mention that the trespass was committed on the 16th of November, and the assault on the 23rd of December; that the summons for trespass was brought out after the assault, both being served the same day. This, I think, shows the animus of the man Jones."
LITERATURE. THE PRINCE'S IhLKEss ITS LESSONS. (London J. A Churchill, New Burlingtun-street; Birming- ham, Corn.sh Brothers New-street).—This little brochure contains a lecture on the prevention of disease by Mr B. W. Foster, M.D., &c., Physician to the General Hospital. Birmingham, and one of the Professors at Queen's College in that town. The l«oture 118 we learn from a short preface, was delivered to a popular audience under the auspices of a Chris- tian association, and it is now "published in the hope of inducing the public to consider how greatly zymotic diseases may be diminished by simple sani- tary precautions." This is a most worthy object; and we hope that the carefully weighed utterance of an eminent medical man like Mr Foster may be read and studied by thousands. He points out that the illness of the Prince of Wales is entirely due to ig- norance of sanitary precautions, and pertinently asks. "Is not this circumstance alone enough to rouse us to a determination to prevent such evils for the future ?" Remarking on the fact that the origin of maladies such as commonly afflict humanity is no longer a mystery, and that we particularly well know the causes from which the Prince's illness sprang, he said it was difficult to tell why the evil was suffered to exist. To use his own words, We know that the disease is propagated mainly by sewage, polluted air, and sewage polluted water. But, notwithstand- ing such knowledge, we allow, all over England, water to be polluted and the air of houses to be poisoned The result is that we have 120,000 people laid up with typhoid fever every year, and some 20,000 killed. This awful sacrifice of life is due to the almost universal neglect of the ordinary laws of health—a neglect which is about equally distributed among all classes, and which will continue to sacri- fice its annual thousands until the people at large are roused to a sense of the enormous magnitude of the evils they suffer from The lecturer then goes on to quote a quantity of figures showing the great difference in the death rate of country districts and large towns; and without asserting that towns can be made as healthy as the country, he maintains that the low general death rate of the healthy districts is the standard to be aimed at. The pre- vention of typhoid fever is more particularly referred to, and it is shewn to be engendered in two ways, —first by means of water poisoned by sewage matter, and secondly by air poisoned by sewage gas. No- thing is merely asserted, but the lecturer clearly demonstrates the truth of all that he advances. The history of several outbreaks of typhoid fever is given, and in each instance the epidemic was referable to poisoned water or air. But he makes his case stronger still by publishing a table compiled by Dr. Buchanan, the medical officer of the Privy Council, which shows that in towns where sanitary matters are looked after with care, zymotic diseases have decreased in a marked—we may say remarkable— manner. In Merthyr, for instance, which at ORe time was notorious for its unhealthiness, the typhoid death rate fell from 21 k per 10,000 of population an- nually to 8i as soon as attention was paid to the cleans- ing of the town. Enough has now been written to convince all who are accessible to reason of the ne- cessity for pure water and good drainage, but then comes the question How is an efficient system of drainage to be obtained?" We will answer as nearly as possible in the words of the lecturer, premising first that he advocates the abolition of cesspools al- together. Of course a complete system of main drainage is first required, and Mr Foster adds,— The most important lesson is (l)to have no sewers or drains, or pipes ruonig into draWs, within the four walls of a dwelling-house. (2) When this cannot be done, to take care that all sink pipes and waste water pipes are broken off at least one foot above the trapped grating on which they discharge; and in case of any soil pipe running from the inside of a house into a drain or sewer, to have it continued up to the roof, and open at the highest point, and furthest from the windows, to discharge freely the sewer gasses above the roof rather than inside the roof" Then follow some most important remarks on the thorough ventilation of dwelling-houses, which is insisted on as a sine qua non, and Mr Foster (in speaking of cleanliness) says, "I would say that where cleanliness is not, godliness cannot be for godliness cannot exist, knowing evil and not trying to overcome it; and dirt is evil, whether it be actual dirt in our houses, or dirt on our bodies, or dirt in the air we breathe or the water we drink. Wherever it may be, it means impaired health, less capacity for work, less capacity for pleasure, less capacity for doing good, and, therefore, less capacity for trying to improve the world that is round about us, which is the work God intended us to do." We look upon this little pamphlet as most valuable it deserves to be read by the head of every household, and we only regret that the space at our disposal forbids a more exhaustive notice. We cannot better conclude than by again using the words of the lecturer: 'The highest motives, then, as well as the lowest motives, combine to tell us how important it is to determine on improving the evils I have indicated. Let us, in our gratitude for the revival of our Prince, resolve to stamp out this filth fever. Throughout the land we have raised memorials to express our admiration for the blameless career of the father; now, wiser by ten years' experience, let us signalise the recovery of the son by the destruction of the pest from which both have suffered."
MR. FORSTER BROUGHT TO BAY. Mr Forster won't be brought to reason he must therefore (says" Æolus," writing in the Weekly Mail) take the consequences of his obstinate deter- mination to abide by the Act of last session. The Nonconformists are unwilling to give him a moment's peace. They have attacked him unmercifully through the medium of the press, and on the platforms of public meetings, and finally brought him to bay by means of a deputation. An interview has recently taken place by appointment between Mr Forster and certain gentlemen who are styled the chief leaders of the Nonconformists. It lasted several hours. Its object was to place before the Government a clear statement of the objections entertained by the Dis- senting communities to the Education Act generally, and more particularly to that portion of it which deals with the payment of the fees of indigent children in elementary schools—in a word, to the 25th section. The deputation, it seems, not only expressed a wholesale opposition to the Act as it now stands, but informed Mr Forster that they were determined to oppose the Government by every means in their power if their views were not entertained. They told him plainly and decidedly that nothing short of the repeal of the obnoxious section would satisfy them, and they went even further than this; they declared that if it is not repealed there is no possibility of an amicable adjustment of the dispute between the Nonconformists and the Cabinet. I don't know which to admire most—the impudent audacity of these overbearing malcontents, or the quiet resolve of the baited Minister. Mr Forster absolutely refused to give way a single inch. He told them that he, at all events, had made up his mind to stand by the Act as it-is. He declined to enconrage even the faintest hope of any substantial alteration in its provisions. The members of the deputation appear to have left him with an impression on their minds that they had taken little by their movement. In short, they could not help feeling that they were snubbed, in the most polite manner, of course. I cannot help saying that Mr Forster served them right. The arrogance and itolerance of these people is positively disgusting. We shall see, they say, who is strongest, and so we shall. The time has not yet arrived when a few dissatisfied fanatics shall have it in their power to upset a settle- ment accepted by almost every sensible man in England.
ANNUAL DIITNER OF THE ABERYSTWYTH SOCIAL CLUB.—The annual dinner of this ancient society took place at the Belle-vue Royal Hotel on Friday, the 5th inst., Mr G. T. Smith, being the chairman by rotation, and Thomas Jones, Esq., vice-chairman. Among the members and guests present were Lewis Pugh, Esq Capt. C. Bassett Lewis, Capt. Hughes, (Alltlwyd,) J. G. W. Bonsall, Esq., J. M. Davies, Esq., W. Jones, Esq., (Llwynygroes,) llev. Octavius Davies, Rev. D. Francis, Rev. D. Williams, Hugh Hughes, Esq., A. J. Hugbes, Esq., J. Davies, Esq., J. Davies, Esq., (2,) J. W. Szlumper, Esq D. Roberts, Esq., R. James, Esq., J. Pell, Esq., W. H. Thomas, Esq., E. Hamer, Esq., S. J. Balcombe, Esq., J. P. Jones. Esq., &c &c. The dinner comprised every delicacy, both in and out of season, the wines were unsurpassable, and the whole arrangements reflected the highest credit on Mr and Mrs Pell. A most enjoyable evening was spent. ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH SUNDAY SCHOOL.—On Friday, the 5th inst., the children who attend the Sunday School in connection with St. Michael's Church enjoyed a treat provided by the Rev. E. O. Phillips and their teachers. We believe it is an an- nual custom to give the school children a tea, &c., about Christmas time, and the thing is always done well. The National School is the place where the gathering takes place, and on Friday evening week it presented a very attractive appearance. The room had been nicely decorated by willing hands, and a vast amount of labour must have been expended in the attainment of a suitable amount of ornamenta- tion. Over the windows at the top of the room was the text Be not weary in well doing," worked in ivy and holly berries. The space between the win- dows was occupied by the words God is Love," and" Welcome," was neatly inscribed on each win- dow sill. In different parts of the room mottoes such as "I love them that love me "Train up a child in the way he should go Cease to do evil, learn to do well;" "Honour thy father and mother Fear God and keep His command- ments "Overcome evil with good;" were to be seen, the lettering, in ivy and red berries, being ex- ceedingly wen done. Round the whole room there was a very handsome festoon of leaves and flowers, and banners bearing mottoes were distributed here and there. We must not omit to mention, also, a very handsome Prince of Wales's Plume, worked by Miss Phillips, Portland-street. The other decora- tions were the work of Miss Evans. North Parade, the Misses Jones, North Parade, and Miss Jones, Queen's Road. About 400 little folks, some 300 of whom belonged to the Sunday School, sat down to tea, and it is afmost superfluous to say that they did ample justice to the repast provided. The tables having been cleared away, a number of the parents and friends were admitted to the room, and a concert took place, the children being assisted by Miss Emily Stott, Mr Edwards, Mr Davies, Mr Evans, (organist.) and other members of the St. Michael's Church choir After a speech from the respected vicar, cheers were given for those who had so kindly provided the en- tertainment, and the proceedings terminated soon after 8o'clock, a very pleasant evening having been spent. SALMON POACHING IN GLAMORGANSHIRE.—At the Bridgend Petty Sessions last Saturday, John Thomas, Thomas Williams, and Rees David, were charged with having on Christmas morning had in their possession a spear and lights in the Cwmgarw river, with the intention of taking salmon. Police-con- stables Williams, Watkins, Rees, and Davies were examined, and it appeared that the four constables were together on the parish road, which runs parallel with the Cwmgarw river, near Velinarw, between the hours of two and three o'clock on the morning of Christmas-day, when they saw a man standing by the river side and two men carrying lights, wading up the river. Police-constable Williams arrested the man on the road, who proved to be John Thomas. The other constables jumped into the river and tried to seize the fishermen, but in consequence of the depth of the river and the darkness of the night, the men escaped, leaving their spears and lanterns. which the police got hold of. The police afterwards went to the houses of the prisoners Williams and David, and charged them with the offence. Some witnesses were called by the prisoners, to show that the police had not identified the men who were in the water, as the police had, with John Thomas. gone to the houses of his brothers, and examined them, to ascertain whether th y had been in the water. It was also contended for the prisoners that the night being dark and wet, and the prisoners Wil- liams and David strangers to the police, it was impossible to rely upon the evidence of identity After a long hearing, the Bench convicted the pri- soners, fining Williams 2/. and costs, and Thomas and David ll. each and costs.—Out of the foregoing case there arose a charge against Rees David, of as- saulting Police-constable Davies in the execution of his duty. Police-constable Davies had been the first to jump into the water, and had received a blow on on his hand in attempting to seize one of the fisher- men, and he now swore that the blow had been struck by the prisoner Rees David. The magistrates considered the charge proved, and sentenced the pri- soner, Rees David, to three months' imprisonment At the conclusion of the case, Mr Davis, of Cardiff, who appeared for the prisoners, informed the Bench that he had received information which placed it be- yond all doubt that the police-constable who stated he had been struck was entirely wrong as to the identity of the prisoner, and had sworn to the wrong man and that Rees David had not been in the river with Williams. The person who was really in the river, and whom the constable mistook for David, had consulted him (Mr Davis) that morning, and was at that moment present in the hall, under the cir- cumstances, an application would be made to the proper quarter for a remission of the sentence. DoCKS FOR MILFORD HAVEN.—The Western Mail states that a movement is being made for the purpose of constructing docks at Milford of such a size as will provide accommodation at neap tides for a class of vessels of a character similar to the Spain and other new steamers belonging to the National Steam- ship Company (Limited). Upon the provision of proper dock accommodation at Milford it is stated the class of vessels above named could make two more passages to and from New York per annum by starting from Milford instead of Liverpool, and save passengers the oftentimes unpleasant and dangerous passage between Liverpool and a point off Waterford. It is understood that when the Great Eastern Steam- ship visited Milford Haven she was enabled to steam into the harbour at dead low water of spring tides without a pilot, to anchor opposite to Milford, and then swing round her moorings with the tide, which clearly shows the capabilities of the haven. The proposed undertaking is said to be highly approved by the National Provident Institution, Mr Lechmere Marriott, and other influential landowners. The new steam shipping interest is quite alive to the im- portance of Milford as a harbour of refuge, and with the establishment of the necessary dock accommoda- tion and the existing and direct railway facilities to London and the Lancashire, Yorkshire, and Midland districts, it is said that a large trade will eventually be concentrated at Milford. There will in a short time also be provided at Milford every facility for coaling economically by hydraulic machinery the largest vessels. There exist the necessary parlia- mentary powers by which the construction of the works may be proceeded with, and the cost of the works, as estimated by the engineer, Mr Hamilton Fulton, 600,000/. =*\ FORTHCOMING CONCERT.—We would remind our readers that the United Church Choirs will give a concert at the Temperance Hall next Tuesday even- ing. A very attractive programme has been issued, and there is little doubt that the concert will be a good one. Mr Evans, (the organist of St. Michael's Church,) will act as conductor and accompanyist. ABERYSTWYTH MARKET.—The prices on Monday were, as follow-.—Wheat, 7s. 6d. to 8s. per bushel; barley, 4s. to 4s. 6d.; oats, 2s. 9d. to 3s. 3d.; eggs, 8 for a Is.; butter (salt), Is. ljd. per lb.; butter (fresh), Is. 5d. per ditto fowls, 3s. Od. to Os. Od. per couple ducks, 3s. to 3s. 6d. per ditto geese, 4s. 6d. to 5s. each; turkeys, 5s. to 6s. each potatoes, 2s. 9d. to 3s. 6d. per measure. DEATH OF MR. CRAWSHAY BAILET.-The death of Mr Crawshay Bailey, the great ironmaster, is announced. The deceased gentleman, who was 84 years of age, died on Tuesday morning, at his resi- dence, LlaDfoist House, near Abergavenny. He was for many years connected with the large iron- works at Nantyglo, Beaufort, Brynmawr, and other places in Monmouthshire, and was related to the first Mr Crawshay, who, with his successors, have done so much to extend the manufacture of iron in South Wales. Mr Bailey was also largely inte- rested in the construction of local railways, and indeed took part in the promotion of railways both in this country and America. Mr Bailey bad re- tired from active life for some years. He leaves a princely fortune to be divided between his surviving son and daughter. FLOODS IN NORTH WALES.—Owing to the heavy rainfall of the past week, the Severn has in several places inundated the low lands in its vioinity. In the neighbourhood of Malverley, on Saturday, the roads were well nigh impassable. Between Mont- gomery and Forden the fields, for a distance of about a mile, were completely under water, a large tract of ground near Montgomery, known as The Floss," presenting the appearance of a vast inland lake. The Dovey, near Machynlleth, and rivers Mawddach and Wnion, near Dolgelley, are also flooded; and Bala Lake had, on Saturday night, reached a great height, and several fields in the neighbourhood were under water. On Sunday evening it was raining heavily. Bangor and the neigbbourhood was visited on Saturday morning by a similar storm to that of the previous Thursday.
We do not hold ourselves responsible jor the opinion. and sentiments of our Correspondents.
IHrtfJ. On the 9th inst., the wife of Mr J. S. Williams, Rheidol Villa, Derby, of a son. ffieatta. On the Cth inst., at Llanelly, the Rev. Edwin Thorley, Wesleyan Minister, and Chairman of the Swansea District. On the 7th inst., aged 21 years, Edward, son of James Edwards, Comminsc>ch, near this town. MONUMENTS for Churches, Churchyards, and Cemeteries, executed in Stone, Marble, and Granite, may be inspected in the Show Rooms, at R. Doosos'a Marble Works, Swan-hill Shrewsbury.
No. 38, Pier Street, Aberystwyth. G. T. SMITH HAS been favoured with instructions from Miss Rowland, to offer for SALE by AUCTION, ON TUESDAY & WEDNESDAY, 23rd & 24th JANUARY, 1872, on the above Premises, at Six o'clock in the Evening of each day, the whole of the superior and modern HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, And other Effects therein, Eight Months' Credit on all sums above £ 5 on ap- proved Security. Sir For further perticulars see Posting Bills.
AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS. Oliver Goldsmith, who was a very charming poet, but a very poor political economist, tells us that there was a time ere England's griefs began, when every rood of ground maintained its man. It is a pity he did not tell us when that time was, for even if England was merrie England then- supposing there were such a time—her griefs must have begun. Countries, like individuals, must have their sor- rows in all ages, and if it was before England's grief began that this curious state of things existed, why—it must have been, to say the least, a very long time ago. The same favourite poet and sorry political economist also tells us that when a bold peasantry, their country's pride, are once destroyed, they can never be supplied. If ever our peasantry are destroyed we, or our successors, will see about that. Our own impression is that so long as there is a de- mand for peasantry-to say nothing of their alleged boldness-they will be supplied. It is only a question of supply and demand after all -a question of work and wages by agreement. But at present there need be no fear of our pea- santry being destroyed. We hear a good deal about the drain from rural to town districts, and at specially busy times of the year there is occasionally some difficulty in procuring an adequate number of agricultural labourers for exceptional heavy and pressing work. But these are only exceptions to the rule, and our bucolic labourers have not the slightest inten- tion of being destroyed. On the contrary, they are becoming, in various directions, rather "bold "in asserting their rights and claims, while on the other hand landowners and farm- ers are beginning to see that it is absolutely necessary that due attention should be paid to the labourer's position in order that it may be improved. The lot of the agricultural labourer, on the whole, is not a particularly enviable one. His position of course differs in different places, owing to a variety of circumstances. The la- bourer's individual character, his health, or want of it; the character of his employer; the cottage in which the labourer and his family live or herd together; the man's associates and temptations, or the good influences that are brought to bear upon him—these and many other circumstances affect the lower grades of life in the agricultural districts. Bat take that life as a whole, and it is undeniable that reform and improvement are imperatively needed. In thousands of cases the pay of the agricultural labourer is too low for the virtue of self-depen- dence, and it has to be eked out by various forms of charity, with the Poor Law Union as a final goal. Continually hovering on the verge of pauperism is the condition of far too many of our bold peasantry, their country's pride." It is by no means agreeable to admit this fact, but fact it is, and we must not shut our eyes to it. We can easily admit the jus- tice, on the other hand, of the remark with which such an assertion would be frequently met-that the labourer gets as much as he is worth. Indisputably true in multitudes of cases; decidedly controvertible in numerous others. But the question of pay, which is now coming to the fore, is mixed up with many others which are also now demanding unwonted attention, not only among the employing classes in the agricultural world, but among the public generally, as well as of course among the agri- cultural labouring classes. It is now being in- creasingly felt that the entire position of the agricultural labourer ought to be improved, and that he ought to do something to help him- self. If it is too late for Hodge himself to learn to read and write-though in this respect it is never too late to mend--he must see to it that his children at least have the elements of edu- cation and if he will not see the advantages of that which he has never possessed, he must be made to send his children where these advan- tages can be had for next to nothing, or for nothing, if need be. And then Hodge's home -if that sweet old Saxon word can be employed in reference to his dwelling-must be improved. Less cared for by the employer than is his stable or cow-house, we must have compulsory improvement, on great sanitary principles, if reform can be obtained in no other way. And it is to be hoped that ere long legislation may circumscribe some of Hodge's peculiar tempta- tions in the shape of the beer-shop, as great a curse in the village as the gin-palace is in the town. We will not enter on the thorny ques- tion of permissive prohibition," but, undoubt- edly, the entire licensing system demands re- form in the interest of the agricultural labourer as well as that of other classes. But cannot more be done than is already done to supply some healthy, hearty, thoroughly English amusement and recreation for the long even- ings when agricultural labour is an impossibi- lity? Working men's clubs have done much good; agricultural labourers' clubs might do much more. In some way or other we must pay more attention to Hodge than he has hitherto had. The labour market is every- where more or less active, and agricultural la- bourers are beginning to feel, and to make others feel, that they have rights and claims which have been too much neglected. These are not the men to be destroyed," and there is nothing to be gained by their being repressed they should be aided, led, and guided for the benefit of the community at large.
BOROUGH MAGISTRATES' COURT. Wednesday, January 10<A, 1872. Before Thomas Jones, Esq., (mayor,) and John Davies, Esq. CHIMNEY ON FIRE. Beth Botwood, North Parade, was summoned for Musing or permitting the chimney of his dwelling- house to be on fire on the 3rd instant. The offence was not denied, but Mr Botwood said it was an accident.—Fined Is. CAUTION TO MARINE STORE DEALERS. Thomas Doughton, St. James's Square, marine ttore dealer, was summoned for buying less than 112 Its. of old lead from one Evan Morris, on Wed- nesday, the 3rd inst. The proceedings were taken under the 34th and 35th Victoria, intituled An Act for the more effec- tual prevention of crime," one chapter of which provides that no marine store dealer shall buy or receive less than 112 lbs. of lead, or less than 56 lbs. of copper, tin, brass, pewter, German silver, or spelter, under a penalty not exceeding 5/ or three months' imprisonment. On the 3rd instant, PS Evans met a man named Evan Morris, late of Trefechan, carrying a bag, which he found to contain a lump of lead which had been melted down. Witness afterwards found the lead at Doughton's shop, and as its weight was only 16 lbs., he took out a summons against the offender. The sergeant added that when the Act came into operation he warned all the marine store dealers in the town of the provisions of the Act. Defendant's wife appeared, and said that she did not buy the lead, but gave Morris goods for it. The magistrates said this did not alter the gravity of the offence, and pointed out that she was liable to a heavy fine for buying the lead. It appeared also that the defendant was aware of the provisions of the Act, and ignorance could not be pleaded. They would, however, inflict a fine of a mitigated amount, In a hope that the defendant would not offend again. AFFILIATION CASE. John Davies, Spilman-street, Carmarthen, engine cleaner, was summoned by Mary Ann Mellor, Great Dark-gate-street, Aberystwyth, to show cause, &c. The complainant now resides with her step-father in Aberystwyth, but last year she was in service at Broncastell, near Penllwyn, and there she was viaited by the defendant, the result of their intimacy being the birth of a female child on the 30th of October, 1871. The defendant was ordered to contribute 2s. per week towards the maintenance of the child, 5s. the midwife's expenses, and costs. TRANSFER OF LICENSES. The license of the Weston Vaults, North-gate- etreet, was transferred from Richard Williams to Lewis Morris, and the license of the Sailors' Home, Great Dark-gate-street, was transferred from Evan Eviins to Ann Jones, who was cautioned to keep the house in an orderly manner.
BOARD OF GUARDIANS, ABERYSTWYTH. The usual bi-monthly meeting of this body was held at the Workhouse on Monday, when there were present Lewis P. Pugh, Esq., (chairman,) H. C. Fryer, E.sq., (vice-chairman,) Capt. C. Bassett Lewis, (ex-officio guardian,) Messrs. David Jacob Davies, Thomas Samuel, John Ellis, John Jones, (Bridge- end,) Peter Jones, J. R. Richards, W. H. Davies, Richard James, Edward Jones, Thomas Thomas, William Jones, (Parcel Canol,) Richard Jones, Stephen Elhs, Richard Hughes, John Jones, (Bron- castellan,) David Davies, Isaac James, John Evans, Hugh Hughes, (clerk,) T. James and J. Roberts, (medical officers.) MINUTES AND FINANCE. The minutes of the last meeting were read and signed, and the bank book examined, showing a balance of 4531. 18s. 3d. The total amount of out relief dispensed during the fortnight amounted to 2501. 4s. 9d., the proportion of each relieving officer being as follows :—Mr J. Ll. Griffiths, 12th week, 451. 6s 9d. 13th week, 4IZ. 10s. Mr John Jones, 12th week, 461 16s. 6d. 13th week, 461, lis. 6d. Mr Lewis Lewis, 12th week, 35/. 13th week, 35[, The number of paupers in the Workhouse was 47. AUDITOR'S DISALLOWANCES. At Michaelmas the auditor disallowed Ill. 4s. from the account of Mr J. Blackwell. relieving officer, and 5/. lis. trom the account of Mr John Jones, reliev- ing officer. A letter was now read from the Local Government Board enquiring whether these sums had been paid to the treasurer of the Union as re- quired by Act of Parliament ? The Clerk said the money had been paid, but it was hard upon Mr Jones, who was newly appointed to his office, and who had fallen into error by follow- ing the example of his predecessor. The Chairman said that if the facts were laid be- fore the Local Government Board by Mr Jones, they would no doubt order the money to be refunded. PAYMENT OF GUARDIANS. The guardians of the Festiniog Union" think it de- sirable that the Local Government Board should sanction the payment of a small sum to elected guar- dians towards the expenses they incur in their atten- dance on the Board, and they suggest that the pay- ment be 2s. 6d. to each elected guardian every time he attends, as well as 3d. per mile according to the distance he has to travel." They are accordingly laying their views before the guardians in different parts of the country, and seeking support in their effort to move the Board in London. A circular letter embodying their views was read by the clerk, ai\d ordered to lie on the table. PUBLIC VACCINATORS. At the previous meeting the clerk was requested to advertise for a vaccinator for each of the four vac- cination districts of the Union. Several applications had been sent in, and it was arranged that the vac- cination committee should meet at the Town Hall on Monday, the 15th inst., to appoint public vaccinators. THE WORKHOUSE LOAN. A letter was read from the Local Government Board (in answer to a communication from the clerk of this Union) stating that the Public Works Loan Commissioners would advance the sum of 800/. re- quired for carrying out the alterations and additions at the Workhouse at 5 per cent., and that the solici- tor's charges would be 5l 5s. The Chairman said he did not think they could do better than that, and they had better borrow the money from the Loan Commissioners. Mr Fryer We can have nothing better than this. It was then proposed by the chairman, seconded, and agreed that the sum of SOOl. should be borrowed from the Public Works Loan Commissioners. Mr John Ellis here asked how the repairs at the Workhouse were getting on ? and The Clerk said the contractors were rather dila- tory. It seemed that the time named for the completion of a portion of the work (including the windows) had expired, and the clerk was instructed to inform the contractors that unless the work is completed by the next meeting, he should seek the permission of the Board to take proceedings against them. THE ASSESSMENT COMMinEE AND ITS CLERK. The Chairman said there was one matter which he had to bring before the guardians, and it was with reference to the remuneration which Mr Hughes was entitled to* for acting as clerk to the assessment com- mittee. The committee had at length got the lists of each parish into a satisfactory state. They bad been for two years engaged in the work, and Mr Hughes had assisted them very diligently and in different ways since 1863 without any payment. Nothing had been settled as to his remuneration during that period, but it was not to be expected that he should undergo all this labour for nothing. The matter was adjourned from time to time, but at a meeting on Saturday (when Messrs. Thomas Jones, H. C. Fryer, D. J. Davies, John Evans, and Thomas Samuel were present) it was agreed unanimously to recommend to the Board that they should allow Mr Hughes 130l. for his services from 1863 until March next-IOOI. for his own personal services, and 30l. towards his office expenses. He begged to move accordingly. Mr Fryer had much pleasure in seconding the motion, and said that the sum named was the very least they could give Mr Hughes when they con- sidered the length of time he had served them, and the work done. The motion was carried unanimously, and there being no further public business, the reliet lists were proceeded with.
DEATH THROUGH DRINK. On Saturday morning last, J. M. Davies, Esq (coroner,) and a respectable jury, met at the Sailors' Home Inn, Great Dark-gate-street, to enquire into the death of Thomas Brown, a hawker, aged about 18 years, who died in the house on the previous day under apparently suspicious circumstances. George Frazier, a hawker, also known by the nickname of" Scotty," was the first witness called. He said I was acquainted with the deceased, and had known him for about a month. On Thursday night I slept with him. About 7 o'clock on Thursday evening we came to this house to get a glass of beer, and at that time he was sober. We had several glasses of beer, but no spirits, and we went to bed about half-past 12 o'clock, I should think. The de- ceased was tipsy, but not very so. We slept together that night, and between 6 and 7 o'clock on Friday morning be called me to get up. I said I should not get up yet a bit, and went to sleep again. When the deceased spoke to me he seemed alt right. About half-past 8 o'clock I got up, and on going down stairs I found the deceased in this room (the taproom) on the floor, with part of his body resting on this settle. I asked him what was the matter ? and he answered not much." I thought he was suffering from the effects of the drink taken the night before. The mistress of the house came down afterwards, and we carried him into the next room, where we laid him on the floor with his coat under his head he looked very bad, and did not speak. Then I went out for a while, and when I returned, I think be- tween 2 and 3 o'clock p.m., I asked where is Tom Brown?" and somebody—I think it was the land- lady, but I am not sure—said, Oh, he has gone home all right." I then had some beer with a man named Peter, and in about an hour afterwards T found the deceased had not gone home, but was still in the room where I had left him. I then went into the room, saw he was very bad, tried to lift him up, and sent for a doctor. By the jury I got to know that deceased was still in the house because Miss Morris called me out of the room where I was, and told me so. Examination continued: When I tried to lift de- ceased up, I did not think he was dead, but I found out afterwards that he was. Peter, deceased's mother, (who had been sent for,) and myself carried him up- stairs before the doctor came, and when Dr. James arrived he said deceased had been dead about an hour. Mrs Ann Jones, the landlady of the Sailors' Home public-house, deposed as follows On the evening of the 4th inst., the deceased, Thomas Brown, came in here with the last witness, but I cannot say the exact time. They had some beer, and sat there (in the taproom) for some hours, and about 12 o'clock, just before closing time, they went out, saying that they were going to Trefechan. In a few minutes they came back, and said they had been locked out, and could not get into their lodgings. I said I did not think they had been away long enough to go to Trefechan, but if they were locked out they could stay here. and about half-past 12 o'clock they went to their bedroom at the top of the house. On Friday morning, about a quarter to 9 o'clock, I got up, and came into this room, when I saw both men sitting on this settle. Brown had his head down, leaning on his chest, and I said to the last witness, "Dear me, Scotty,' what is the matter with the poor fellow?" Scotty said, I don't know," and then I passed into the bar, and found that someone had been there, because the spirit taps had been turned on, and the door was slightly open. I left it locked up and safe when I went to bed. I said to Scotty," some ofypu have been there," and he replied, I have not, for I don't like spirits." At this time "Seotty" was all right, and had a glass of beer, but the other poor fellow could not speak. I and Scotty then took him into the parlour, and laid him on the floor, be- cause I thought that if be had a sleep he would be better. We put something under his head, and covered him over, and I washed his face. I was in and out of the room during the day, and about 4 o'clock I noticed him foaming at the mouth. I at once sent for his mother, who came, and she sent for a doctor, Dr. James, I think, and on his arrival he said the young man was dead. By the jury I think deceased had been .at the spirits, because all the taps were dripping, and the largest measure was about half full of spirits. I had him carried into the parlour out of the way, because I thought he would be bettfr after having a sleep. I did not think he was going to die. The Coroner, in summing up, said the witnesses had told a plain story, and no blame seemed to at- tach to them. His own impression was that deceased helped himself to a great quantity of raw spirits, and died in consequence, but there was no proof of that. Perhaps they had better return a verdict of died by the visitation of God." A juryman here suggested that there ought to be a post mortem examination, but this was held to be unnecessary, and after some further conversation, the jury found that death had resulted from exces- sive drinking. The unfortunate young man, who was a Roman Catholic, was buried on Tuesday, a wake having been held over his remains on the previous evening.
MUTUAL IMPROVEMENT. An interesting meeting was held on Wednesday evening, the 3rd instant, at the schoolroom of the Wesleyan Chapel, Queen's Road, under the presi- dency of the Rev. E. Ashton Jones. The chairman, in an excellent address, slated the object of the meet- ing, and that it was contemplated holding similar meetings fortnightly, for the purpose of self-improve- ment by means of lectures, essays, discussions, and readings, and concluded by calling upon Mr L. O. Davies to read a paper on Self-culture." Mr Davies, in course of his remarks on this inter- esting subject, said that school instruction, however excellent, was but a small instalment towards the due cultivation of the mind. The foundation of edu- cation, it was true, was laid in school It was there that their studies were shaped and directed but unless the studies were supplemented by a course of self-instruction, developed into maturity by their application to the purposes of life, and principles formed thereon that would in after-years make them useful and subservient to everyday necessities, it could not be said by anyone that he had made proper use of his school privileges. He then dwelt upon the importance and privileges of self-culture, and spoke strongly against the doctrine held by some people that religion had nothing to do with educa- tion. He counselled all ever to bear in mind the in- spired proverb which said, "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge." At the conclusion of the meeting cordial votes of thanks were given to the lecturer and the chairman.
RESCUE OFF THE WELSH COAST. The loss of the ship Ireland, recently reported in the papers, had a romantic incident connected with i it. After the captain and crew had been taken off, the vessel was left to the mercy of the sea and wind, until she was seen by a trading steamer from Cardiff to Waterford. The derelict was boarded and made fast to the steamer by a strong hawser, but the gale, which had then subsided, began to revive, and the hawser parted. Upon the boarding of the vessel two Irishmen were put aboard, and when the vessels separated the two poor fellows were left in solitude on the drifting hulk. So desperate did they consider the state of affairs that they went down to the cabin resolved to die in bed. The vessel, however, was again seen buffeted by the elements from the shore at Abersoch, and the lifeboat was sent out to her. Some of the crew succeeded in boarding her, and to their own amazement found the two poor Irishmen below, resigned to their supposed fate. A telegram was despatched to Portmadoc, and ultimately a steam- tug brought the Ireland into St. Tudwall's Roads.
MR. OSBORNE MORGAN, M.P., AT WREXHAM. Under the chairmanship of Sir R. A. Cunliffe, a arge meeting was held in Wrexham on Thursday week, when Mr G. Osborne Morgan, M.P. for Den- bighshire, reviewed the past session, and indicated what he should do in the future. He said he should introduce the "Sites Bill" next session, but should restrict it simply to enabling persons possessed of land to sell or give it for the purposes of places of worship. Mr Morgan, in the course of his remarks, added,—You have heard of Mr Homersham Cox, which is almost a household name in Wales. I have promised, and I intend at the earliest period, to bring the appointment of that gentleman before the House of Commons. I do not for one moment take this course from any idea of advocating home-rule in Wales. Such an idea does not exist here. But I do think that it is only fair that we Welshmen, or such of us at any rate as speak or understand nothing but the Welsh language—and that, you know, em- braces a large portion of the suitors in the mid- Wales counties—should have, as we have had hi- therto, the advantage of a judge who understands and speaks our own language. If the Lord Chan- cellor is not able to adduce any better argument in favour of his appointment than a musty old statute of Henry VIII., which I am unable to find in any decent collection of statutes, and which, perhaps, nine lawyers out of ten never heard of, and which, if carried out in its integrity, would incapaciate any Welshman from holding judicial or administrative posts,—I say, if he cannot find any better argument than that the English-speaking suitors would dis- trust the decision of a judge who spoke Welsh, I shall have very little difficulty in persuading the House of Commons that I am right. (Hear, hear.) I cannot sit down without referring to another topic which is far above the range of politics, and I trust far above the range of difference of opinion. (Hear, hear ) The illness of the Prince of Wales, followed' as it has been by bis providential recovery—for which we cannot be too thankful to Almighty God —is one of the many proofs we have that good may come out of evil, and that out of the nettle danger we may pluck the Bower safely." Certainly, no man who, like myself, went day by day, and almost hour by hour, to Marlborough House, and saw the grave import of each telegram reflected in the anxious faces of the bystanders, and who felt that a chord was vibrating throughout the whole of the city, nay, throughout the whole of the nation, could help feeling that this event has not only recalled us to a deeper sense of our common national life, but also proved how infinitely deeper than anyone could have believed were the springs of English loyalty. (Cheers.) It was instructive to see how completely the outburst of loyalty which the illness of the Prince of Wales evoked has drowned those miserable discussions about the "cost of royalty" with which we were inundated last autumn—discussions which are not only fallacious in themselves, because, depend upon it, we pay a good deal less for Queen Victoria than we should have to pay for President Dilke—(cheers and laughter)—discussions which are caculated to draw away the attention of the working classes from matters of infinitely greater moment to themselves (Hear, hear.) I am sure no man can accuse me of being indifferent to the working classes. Only the other day, when the Trades Unions Bill was under discussion, I met the redoubtable Mr Odger himself in order to settle the clauses of that Bill in a way which I believed justice to the working classes reo quires. But if I might respectfully tender the best advice to the working classes, it would be to let the Princess Louise's dowry and Prince Arthur's al- lowance alone, and see whether they cannot get on better with a little more education for their children, a little more providence for themselves, and a little J less drink. (Applause.)
TALYBONT. EISTEDDFOD.—For several years past an eisteddfod has been beld annually at this village, which hat woo the golden opinions of the inhabitants ofTal-y- bont as well as of the surrounding country. On New Year's Day a meeting of this kind was held at the British School-room, presided over by Mr R. Jones, Glanrnorfa, who filled his post most creditably. The adjudicators were Cynddelw and Mynyddog. The following was the programme:—Afternoon meeting—Address by the Chairman. Adjudication of the stanzas on "The mother dying;" best, J. Humphreys, Talybont. Recitatiou. "Will tby dreams come to pass; best, Daniel Tibbot, Talybont. Competition in singing "Catherine;" D. Lewis, Salem, and D. Edwards, Talybont, equal. Adjudi- cation on the catechism on "Moses;" best, W. Davies, Penlon. Competition, impromptu reading; best, J. Jones, Peitbyll. Adjudication on the hand- writings of the last Psalm; R. Morgan, Factory, and R. Morgan, teacher, equal. Competition in singing "Dafydd y Garreg wen;" best, Mary Edwards, Penygarn. Adjudication on th" "Traus- lationbest, A. E.Kemp. Song by Mynyddog. Adjudication on the "Stockings;" best, Susannah Jones, Talybont. Adjudication on "Song and chorus;" none worthy. Competition in singing, "The child and the bird;" Penygarn and Tre'rddol choirs, equal. Adjudication on the treatise on "Civilization;" best, A. E. Kemp. Evening meet- ing—Address by the Chairman. Addresses by the Bards. Adjudication of the "Englynion" on the "Writing-pen;" best, J. Humphreys, Talybont. Recitation; best, Mary James, Penrhyo. Competi- tion in singing "0 lIa ebedai;" best, D. Ellis, Eglwysfach. Adjudication on the Map;" T. James, Rbydlach, and others, equal. Song by Mynyddog. Competition iu speaking on "Propriety;" best, Enoch Mason, Borth. Competition in singing "John and Jane;" John Pritchard and sister, and John Jones and Frauces Davies, equal. Song by Ceulanydd. Adjudication on the debate, Peace and war;" best, D. Felix, Nantyllain. Address by Cynddelw. Song by Mynyddog. Recitation; John Owen and John Jones, Taliesin, equal. Adjudication 011 the "Letter;" best, Lewis Hughes, Tanyrallt. Competition in singing "the Spring;" best, J. Pritchard and party. Adjudication on the hand- writing of the 128th Psalm; best, W. James, Rhyd- facb. Impromptu- speaking; best, Enoch Mason, Borth. Adjudication on the "Pryddest" on the "Prison;" best, J. Richard, Penrhyn. Song by Mynyddog. Adjudication on the "Shirts," Eliza- beth Morgans and Anne J, Saunders, equal. Ad- judication on the" History of Talybont;" best W. Davies, Talybont. Competition in singing "The Summer;" Taliedu and Penygarn choirs, equal. Though the weather proved very unfavourable, yet in the afternoon the room was crowded, and in the evening it was so full that some suggested breaking the meeting up for want of room, but perfect order was kept. It is now proposed to erect a tent for the next eisteddfod, and to hold it during the sum- mer. A wish was expressed U, see the "Hidory of Talybont" published. Mynyddog was in his usual merry mood, keeping the meeting alive. On the whole this has proved to be our best eisteddfod.— Communicated.
# LLANILAR. PETTY SESSIONS, Friday, January 5th, 1872, (before G. W. Parry and James Loxdale, Esqrs.)— Morgan Jones, Glanrhos, Llanafan, and David Davies, New Row, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddin Upper, miners, wpre summoned for trespassing in search of game in Manarthur wood, the property of the Earl of Lisburne, on the 23rd December last. They were each fined 5s. and costs.—Thomas Lewis, Ty'nfron, and Evan James, Cynnonfach, both in the parish of Llanfibangel-y-Creuddin, farmers, were summoned by James Martin, gamekeeper to the Earl of Lisburne, for trespassing in pursuit of game in the day time on lands at Llanilar, on the 22nd ult. The bench in- flicted a fine of 10s., and costs upon Lewis, and James was fined 5s. and costs.—Evan Evans, Aberbrwynen, Llanychaiarn, farm servant, was summoned for as- saulting a police constable in the execution of his duty. P.C. Stephens, stationed at Llanychaiarn, said that on the 22nd of last month, he was at Figure Four at midnight, and saw a large number of people there, and on making enquiries, he found that a fight had taken place. The defendant, who was there, began to fight again; the constable separated them, and while doing so received a blow in the face from the defendant. Fined 2s. 6d. and costs, or seven days' imprisonment.—William Williams, Pantyfed- wen, Ystradmeurig, farmer, was summoned at the instance of Mr Edward Hamer, traffic manager,.for having on the 30th November last taken a dog into a certain carriage on the Manchester and Milford Railway without having previously paid the fare for the same. The case was adjourned for a month.— David Evans, Forest. Rhostie, carrier, was summoned by Mr Edward Hamer for travelling in a carriage on the Manchester and Milford Railway without having paid his fare, and also with leaving a train while in motion, on the 18th Novomber. Inspector Humph- reys deposed that on the 18th November last he left Aberystwyth with the 6 30 p.m. train, and at Llan- ilar, the defendant got out of a carriage before it bad stopped. Witness asked him for bis ticket as he was leaving the station, and he said he had not got one. Fined 2s. 6d. and costs, or seven days' imprisonment. —Anne Jones, Penlan, Llanbadarn-y-Creuddin Up- per, miner's wife, aununoned Owen Owens, David Owens, Morgan Owens, and John Owens, of Ty'n- rhyd, in the same parish, for using threats towards her. The parties had a quarrel about some wood, and threatening language was used. The bench looked upon the case as a trivial one, and dismissed the summonses.—David Jones, alias Davy Donky, of Llanfihangel-y-Creuddin village, was summoned by Mr Thomas Molineaux, Inland Revenue Officer, Aberystwyth, for having on the 21st October, 1871, at Scybor Hen, carried a gun without having a license for the same and also for killing game without a license. The defendant did not appear, but service of summons was proved. Frederick Hughes said that on the day in question he was in a field near the village of Lhnfihangel-y-Creuddin, and the de- fendant was on the high road, with a gun in his pos- session. He (defendant) fired at a rabbit in the field, and shot witness also. The rabbit was killed on land belonging to Mr Bonsall, of Fronfraith, but in witness's, occupation as tenant. He believed the defendant had since left the country. The magis- trates inflicted a fine of 21. 10s. for the first offence, and 51. for the second.—William Williams applied that the license of the Fountain Inn, Swyddffynon, the former occupier having wilfully neglected to apply at the annual licensing meeting for the division. A petition against the renewal had been got up by the ratepayers of the parish, but they were not present to support the petition, and the application was adjourned for a month.—Richard Lloyd, Halfway Inn, Devil's Bridge Road, made an application for the renewal of the license under circumstances simi- lar to those in the previous case. There was no opposition, and the magistrates granted a renewal.
DEATH OF A WELL-K?<OWN WESLEYAN MINISTER. —It is with deep regret that we announce the death of the Rev. E. Thorley. of Llanelly, a prominent member of the Wesleyan body, and chairman' of the Swansea district, which embraces the whole of South Wales. The deceased gentleman was well known in Aberystwyth, and it was hoped that the Conference would appoint him minister of the Queen's Road chapel on the departure of the Rev. D. Thomas to another sphere of labour. The Conference seemed to think, however, that Aberystwyth would not be a convenient residence for the chairman of so large a district, and from Haverfordwest Mr Thorley was removed to Llanelly in August last. This town has been severely visited by sickness of late, and Mr Thorley laboured in the most self-denying manner among the poor, unfortunately to his own detriment, for early in December he was attacked by Typhoid fever. For a time no danger was apprehended, but he gradually became weaker, and expired on Satur- day last, about 28 days after being seized with the disorder. He was bl years of age, and leaves a wife and one daughter to mourn their loss. Mr Thorley was a man of great amiability of disposition, and an active and efficient minister of the gospel. He was especially happy as a platform speaker, and never seemed so much at home as when addressing an audience on behalf of some worthy object. He was very fond of Aberystwyth, and took great interest in the building of Queen's Road Wesleyan chapel. It will be remembered that he was present at the anniversary services a few mouths since, and we are sure that his earnest and practical speech on that occasion will be forgotten by none who were privi- leged to listen to it. Altogether his demise will be severly felt by the denomination to which he be- longed.
CARDIGAN. FIRE.—A fire, which is happily of rare occurrence in this town, broke out on the premises of Mr J. R. Daniel, builder and cabinet maker, St. Mary's street, on Friday week. The workshop in which the fire originated, and to which it was confined, is situated a short distance to the north of the dwelling-house, showrooms, &c. At one o'clock the workmen left the building; shortly afterwards fire was discovered, and an alarm raised, which soon brought together a large concourse of persons from ail parts of the town. In a very short time the whole of the building was a mass of names, and it was found impossible to save its contents, nearly the whole of which were des- troyed, including the workmen's tools. Efforts were now made to isolate the burning mass from the timber and building material lying about the yard. The wind providentially was blowing from the south- east, otherwise the whole of the premises must have been destroyed, and also those adjoining, as the town does not possess a fire engine, or any other means of extinguishing a fire, although the supply of water is good. The loss is roughly estimated at from 300/' to 350Z. Only the previous week the Town Council bad under discussion the advisability of procuring a number of VExtincteurs, and it is to be hoped, that, after being warned.of the danger of delay, the town will be furnished with the best appliances for extin- guishing fires.
♦ BORTH. SERMON.—A sermon was delivered in Borth Church by the Rev. J. Pugh, Vicar of Llanbadarn- fawr, from Matthew vi., and part of the 13th verse. There was a large congregation, and all were much interested. LECTURE.—On Monday, Jan. 1st, Mr Owen Davies, (Eos Llechid), delivered an eloquent and interesting lecture on church singing, in the Cambrian Hall. The Rev. D. P. Evans presided, and after a few ap- propriate remarks called upon Mr Davies to address the audience. Mr Davies handled his subject in a masterly manner, and delighted and amused the audience by his mimicry. The Llanbadarn and Borth choirs sang a selection of songs at intervals during the evening. The proceeds will be devoted to the church building fund.
BREAKFAST.—EprS'a COCOA.—G HATEFUL AND COMFORTING. By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws which govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a careful ap- plication of the fine properties of well-selccted cocoa, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with P. delicately flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills."— Civil Service Gazette. Made simply with Boiling Water or Milk. Each packet is labelled—JAMES Errs & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London. Also, makers of Epps's Cacaoine, a very thin beverage for evening use. Each packet is labelled-JAMEs Errs & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London. Also, makers of Epps's Cacaoine, a very thin beverage for evening use.
1 Additional Subscriptions towards dejraying the Ex- penses of Repairing and Enlarging the Organ at St. Michael's Parish Church. JE g. d. Rev. Benjamin Morgan 5 0 0 T. O. Morgan, Esq 2 2 0 John Parry, Esq., Glanpaith 2 0 0 G.W.Parry,Esq,Liidiade. 1 0 0 Mr. D. Jenkins, Printer I I 0 Miss Jones, 5, Marine Terrace 0 5 0 The Vicar and Churchwardens respectfully invite further subscriptions, which will be acknowledged in the Observer.
Ho, llowtty s Pills.—The Hour of Danger.—Disease commonly comes on with slight symptoms, which when neglected increase in extent and gradually grow dangerous-a condition which betrays the grossest remissness, when it is known that these Pills, takenin Itccordallce with their accompanying direc- tions, would not only have checked but conquered the incipient disorder. Patients daily forward details of the most remarkable and instructive cases in which by timely attention to Holloway's advice they were undoubtedly saved from severe illness. These Pills act primarily, on the digestive organs, which they stimulate when sluggish and inactive; and, secondly, upon the blood- which they thoroughly purify, and hence is derived the genaral tone they impart, and their power of subjugating hypochondria, cism, dyspepsia, and nervous complaints. IVINAHAN'S LL WHISKY.— ihis celebrated and tmost delicious old mellow spirit is the very CREAM OF IRISH WHISKIES, in quality unrivalled, per- fectly pure, and more wholesome than the finest Cognac Brandy. Note the words, Kinahan's LL" on seal, label, and cork. Wholesale Depot, 6A. Great Titchfield-street, Oxford-street, London, W. "THE MEXICAN HAIR RENEWER" is the oest hair dressing known for Restoring grey or faded hair to its original colour without Dyeingjit—producing the colour within the substance of the hair--impanin!r a peculiar vitality to the roots—pre- venting the hair from faiijnlr-keeping the head cool, clean, and free from dandritf-causing new hairs to grow unless the hair-elands are entirely decayed. "TH B MEXICAN HAIR RB- KBWBR" makes the hair soft, glossy, and luxuriant. Certiflctea from Dr. Versmann on every bottle. Sold by Chemists and Perfumers at 3s. 6d., or sent to any address free on receipt of 4s. in stamps.—H. C. Gallup, Proprietor, 493, Oxford Street, London. NEW METAL POCKET VESTA Box, WITH PATENT SPRING COVER.-Bryant and May have recently in- troduced a very useful little Pocket Vesta Box with a most ingenious and simple spring cover it is a novelty in every way, and will soon come into very general use-being of metal instead of card, and retailed, filled with vestas, at one penny. Any Tobacconist, Grocer, Chemist, or Chandler, will supply it. BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TBOCHU, for the dtare of Coughs, Colds, Hoarsenes, Bronchitis, Asthma, Catarrh, or any irritation or sorene's of the throat, are now imported and sold in this conn- try at Is. lid. per box, put up in the form of a "lozenge." It is the most convenient, pleasant, safe, and sure remedy for clearing aud strengthening the voice known in tile world. The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher says: "I have often recommended them to friends who were public speakers, and in many cases they have proved extremely serviceable." The genuine have the words °, Brown's Bronchial Troches" on the Government Stamp around each box. Sold by all medicine vendors,- London Depot, 403, Ouford Street. FRAGRANT FLoRILrN a I-FOR THE TEETH AND BRB ATH.—A few drops of this liquid on a wet tooth brush produces a delightful foam, which cleanses the Teeth from all impurities, strengthen* and hardens the gums, prevents tartar, and arre-ts the pro- gress of decay. It gives to the Teeth a peculiar and beautiful whiteness, and imparts a delightful frasrrance to the breath. It removes all unpleasant odour arising from decayed teeth, a disordered stomach, or tobacco smoke. The Fragrant Florilint is purely vegetab e, and eq.tally adapted to old and young. It is the greatest Toilet discovery of the age. Sold in large bottles and elegant cases at 2s. Od by'all Chemists and Perfumer*. H. C. GALLUP. Proprietor, 493, Oiford-atreet, London. MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP for chitdren) Should always be used when Children are cutting teeth it relieves the little sufferers at once, it produces natural quiet sleep by re- lieving the child from pain, and the little cherub awakes" u right as a bution." It is perfectly harmless, and very pleasant to taste It soothes the child, it softens the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best know. remedy for dysentery and diarrhoea, whether arising from teeth- ing or other causes. Mrs. in slow > Soothing Pyrnp is sold by thousands of Medicine dealeis in all parts of the world at Is. lid. per bottle, and Millions of Mothers can testify to it* rev it.—Mannufactorv, 493, Oxford Street. London. VALUABLE DISCOVERY FOR THE HAIR! !-A very nicely per- fumed hair dressing, called" The Mexican Hair Renewer," now being sold by most Chemists and Perfumers at 3s. 6d. per bottle, is fast superseding all "Hair Restorers"—for it will positively restore in ercry rtise Oreii or White hair to its orif inal colour, by a few applications, without dyeing it, or leaving the disagree- able smell of most" Restorers." It makes the hair charmingly beautiful, as well as promoting the growth on bald spots, where the hair glands are not decayed, Certificate from Dr. Versmana on every bottle, with full particulars. Ask for "THE MEXICAH HAIR REWEWER," prepared by H. C. GALLUP, 493 Oxford Street, London. NEW ERA IN DENTISTRY.—H. M. Jones and Son, Surgeon Dentists, 19, Northampton Place, Swansea, have recently adopted a peculiar and unique method of effecting dental operations, by a process which, while being perfectly safe and harmless, secure. entire immunity from pain. Teeth are now extracted without, the usual agonizing shock which has ere now set at nought the courage of the bravest. None need now fear the ordeal. H. M. Jones and Son's artificial teeth defy detection. They imitate nature exactly, as well in appearance as in utility. Attendances at Aberystwyth regularly announced in the "Aber- ystwyth Observer."
CLEANSING THE STREETS, &c. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABERYSTWYTH OBSERVBR. Sir,—The town commissioners have acted wisely in deciding that extra men should be employed for the purpose of cleansing the streets. Granted that it is •' an exceptional time just now," there can be no jus- tification for the heaps of dirt and mud that are allowed to remain at the sides of the Streets over night, and into which persons are so apt to plunge. It was only the other night that I went plash into one of these heaps on the Terrace road, and wit- nessed several others getting into the same predica- i ment and I fear were there any of the town com- w missioners within reach, they would hear remarks made that were by no means complimentary. Now to my thinking it would be far better to allow the mud to remain undisturbed on the streets than collected together in such an obnoxious man- ner. If the scavengers have no adequate means of removing it, an extra horse and cart ought to be sup- plied the surveyor at the earliest opportunity, and thus save the town the odium under which it rests at present. Lewis Terrace, opposite Union-street, is at times in a disgraceful state-a regular pool of slush being allowed to remain under the parapet as you enter the station. I saw on a recent Monday evening (the night being dark, and the lamps cor- respondingly so) several persons rushing into it in their hurry to catch the train, and thus getting their feet wet and their clothes dirty. To anyone going a long journey it would not only be unpleasant, but dangerous to health. Another matter calling for prompt attention at the hands of the authorities is the want of A FIRE ENGINE FOR THE TOWN. The question has been agitated time after time in your columns, and, indeed, at the meetings of the commissioners, but without any result. How long this state of things is to con- tinue it would be difficult to guess; but I trust the matter will not be allowed to rest. I am well-ae- quainted with the apparatus to which you directed attention in your last issue, and can speak of its use- fulness but I think you will acknowledge that al- most any number of them would be inadequate to extinguish a fire that had taken a strong hold upon a building. I fear that nothing short of a calamitous fire will awaken our authorities to a sense of the im- portance of this question.—Yours, &c., RAMBLER.
TO ARCHITECTS. THE Aberystwyth School Board are prepared to receive communications from Architects who may be desirous of competing for drawing the Plans and Specifications of the new School, and superin- tending the work. Letters, stating terms, &c., to be sent in to the Clerk of the Board not later than the 9th of February next. TO BE LET, With possession had immediately, TWO recently built DWELLING HOUSES, situate in Newfoundland-street, Aberystwyth. Apply to Mr. T. COLLINS, Lisburne House.