BELSIZE HOUSE, ABERYSTWYTH. rpHE MISSES M'cCARTHY beg to announce i_ that their School will RE-OPEN (D.V.) on MONDAY, January 22nd, 1872. ABERYSTWYTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL. HEAD MASTER.-MR. J. D. ROBERTS, First Prizeman at the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen. THE Grammar School will RE-OPEN on MON- DAY, January 15th, 1872. MR. MURPHY, Surgeon Dentist, will be absent from Aberystwyth from the 21st inst. until about the middle of January. The date of his return will be inserted in the OBSERVER. TO BE LET, With possession had immediately, TWO recently built DWELLING HOUSES, situate in Newfoundland-street, Aberystwyth. Apply to Mr. T. COLLINS, Lisburne House. AGENTS WANTED for an old established Ma- nure. Liberal Commission. Address by letter only, R. M care of Messrs. Dalton & Morgan, Whole- sale Stationers, 46, Soutbwark Street, Borough, London. LLANRHYSTm A CHRISTMAS TREE ENTERTAINMENT will take place, at the New National School- rooms, Llanrhystid, on Wednesday, the 17th of January, 1872, to commence at 11 o clock, when a variety of Useful as well as Fancy Articles will be offered for sale. The proceeds to be given in aid of the Building fund. TO BE LET, And may be entered upon immediately, ALL that HOUSE and SHOP, known as "Man- chester House." Rent moderate. Is well-situ- ated for carrying on a profitable trade in any busi- ness. Fixtures to be taken at a valuation. For particulars and to treat apply to J. W. ROGERS, Auctioneer and Accountant, Aberystwyth. JAMES McILQUHAM, IRON & METAL MERCHANT, MACHINE BROKER, BUYER of all kinds of Old Machinery and Scrap Iron. Wholesale dealer in all kinds of Earth- enware and China. Wanted, for manufacturing, all kinds of Waste Paper, old Account Books, &c., &c. Bridge-End House, Aberystwyth., North Sf South Wales Bank. SIXTY-SIXTH DIVIDEND. NOTICE is hereby given, That a DIVIDEND of TEN Shillings per Share, (being at the rate of Ten per Cent. per Annum,) for the Half-Year ended 30th ultimo, on the Capital Stock of the Com- pany, and a BONUS of FIVE Shillings per Share will be paid to the Proprietors, free of Income Tax, on and after the 11th instant, at the Head Office and the respective Branches. The Transfer Books will be closed from this date to the 11th instant inclusive. By order of the Directors, RICHARD JONES, Liverpool, 2nd January, 1872. Liverpool Manager. ABERYSTWYTH UNION. PUBLIC VACCINATORS WANTED. THE Guardians of this Union are desirous of re- ceiving Applications from legally qualified Practitioners, who may be willing to enter into Con- tracts for performing Vaccination in the District or Districts into which the several Parishes and Town- ships comprising the Union may be divided. Applications, stating places of residence and qua- lification of Applicants, to be sent to me on or before 10 o'clock in the forenoon of Monday, the 8th day of January next, for the consideration of the Guardians at their meeting to be held on that day. By order of the Board. HUGH HUGHES, Clerk. Aberystwyth, 29th December, 1871. EDWARD P. WYNNE, OPERATIVE Family and Dispensing Chemist, DRUGGIST, &c., RESPECTFULLY informs the Medical Pro- R fession, Clergy, Gentry, and Inhabitants of Aberystwyth and its Vicinity, that he has taken to the Business of the late Mr. E. ROWLAND, Q3, PIER STBEET, where he hopes, by the purity of his articles and indefatigable attention to business, to merit their approbation and support. E. P. WYNNE, sensible of the importance of a Correct System of Dispensing, begs to assure the Profession and public generally, that the strictest attention will be devoted to punctuality and accu- racy in that department, under his own immediate auperintendence. KINAHAI^whisky. KINAHAN'S LL WHISKY. The celebrated and most delicious old mellow Spirit is the very CREAM OF IRISH WHISKIES, in quality unrivalled, perfectly pnre, and more wholesome than the finest Cognac Brandy. Note the words" Kinahan's LL" on Seal, Label, and Cork. Wholesale Depot, 6a, Great Titchfield-street, Oxford-street, London, W. ENGLISH BAPTIST CHAPEL, ALFRED PLACE ABERYSTWYTH. TWO Sermons will be preached to-morrow by the RKV. T. E. WILLIAMS, resident minister, at 11 a.m., and at 6 p.m. Collections will be made at the close of each ser- vice in aid of the building fund. ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH, ABERYSTWYTH. THERE is a WEEKLY OFFERTORY in this Church The Money collected to be devoted to the following good Works :—The New Church lately erected—The New National Schools, ami their Support—The Curates' Aid and Pastoral Aid §o- Qieties-The S. P. G. and Church Missionary Soci- ety-The Infirmary and the Relief of the Poor.
LECTURE BY GoHEBYDD."—On Tuesday even- ing a numerous audience assembled af the Tempe- rance Hall, to hear a lecture on America, by Mr J. Griffith, "Gohebydd." The lecture, which was in Welsh, was characterized by all that ability for which Mr Griffith is distinguished, and a very agree- j able evening was bpent.
CARDIGANSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. These sessions were opened on Tuesday at Aber- ayron, when there were present J. M. Griffith, Esq., (chairman,) and a full bench of magistrates. The Chairman had placed upon the agenda paper a motion that the court do forthwith grant the sum of 746l. 5s. 7d., being the amount applied for at the last Quarter Sessions by the committee of visitors as required for the purposes of the Joint Counties Lunatic Asylum," and in moving the resolution he apologised for having adopted a somewhat unusual course, because of urgent and exceptional circum- stances. 1 his money was applied for at the last court, but not granted, because an amendment proposed by Mr Lewis Pugh (which had for its object the con- sideration of dissolving the existing union between the three counties) was carried. The consequence was that a very serious difficulty arose, as the sum of 746l. was required fur two different purposes. 5781. was required for furnishing the new wings, and the balance, 168/ was the proportion of this county of the cost of enlarging the dining-hall. The construc- tion of the new wings was sanctioned at the January sessions, 1870, and the money he now asked for was for furnishing these wings, the building of which they had sanctioned by passing the plans. At the last sessions, Cardiganshire, refused to pay its quota, and though Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire paid theirs, the committee of visitors felt a doubt whether they could legally deal with that amount without having received from Cardigan hire their proportion. They theretore ordered that no more inmates should be received from either county until the matter was settled, and he (the chairman) subsequently saw the secretary to the commissioners in lunacy—who had been referred to on the subject —and that gentleman told him that it would be necessary for the commissioners to take further action in the matter if the money was not paid. He told the secretary that the court would probably reconsider their decision and pay the money, and he would now say that having sanctioned the enlarge- ment, they ought to pay their quota of the cost of furnishing. But as to the 168/. for enlarging the dining-hail, that was another matter, for they had not sanctioned the plans. The work had, however, been done, and Carmarthenshire and Pembrokeshire had paid their share of the cost. He therefore begged to recommend to the court that the money should be paid, because he thought they were legally bound under the Act 25 & 26 Vic., cap. 3, to pay this money. After some further remarks, he re- commended that the sum of Î4ül. be granted, and that any standing orders to the contrary be suspended. Mr L. P. Pugh asked that this matter might be postponed, and allowed to come on just before the orders for the day. He claimed, and thought he was right in doing so, that his amendment ot last session, which had now become a substantive motion, should have precedence in this matter. Col. Pryse supported Mr Pugh and after some further conversation the chairman fell in with Mr Pugh's suggestion. SUPERINTENDENTS' SALARIES. Col. Lewes (Llanllear) proposed that in future the pay of each superintendent constable in this county be fixed at the sum of 130l, including remu- neration for services as inspectors of weights and measures." The gallant Col. pointeu out that both the superintendents were young men, new to their duties, and he urged that their pay ought to be equal; the fact being that one got 200/ and the other 168/. a year. In answer to Air Boultbee (Plas- ygwernant), he said that 130l. d:d not include the keep of a horse; he would allow 50/. for that, making 180l. altogether. Mr H. C. Fryer disapproved of Co). Lewes's motion, and moved as an amendment that the salaries of each superintendent be 118/. 12s. 6d. per annum. Captain Jordan, (rtgeonst'orJ,) seconded the motion, and Mr Fryer's amendment was seconded by Mr Lewis Pugh. The amendment was carried by 14 to 4, and Col. Lewes then moved that the finance committee should consider a graduated scale of increase of pay for superintendents. Carried. FINANCE. Mr L. P. Pugh moved "That the fiuance commit- tee be requested to meet on the earliest convenient day after the day fixed for sending in bills and demands against the county to examine into the state of the fiuances of the county lu audit the police ac- counts, to recommend a county ¡, ad police rate for the ensuing quarter sessions, and if possible to have the report primed before the sitting of the court." In speaking in favour of the motion, he said that it was only after attending for a good many sessions, and being perfectly satisfied that the business wa, carried on in a very unsatisfactory manner that he had determined to move in this matter at all. As far as he understood, there was iobody whose duty it was to examine the biils the court were bound to examine only such bills as were brought before them but it was very desirable that the credit as well as the uebit side of the county expenditure should be looked into. Somebody uught to be able to say that certa.n sums, which ought to have been paid in, had not been paid lu it such was the case. After some further remarks as to the way in which the accounts were gone into the speaker sHid that if the finance committee met on a day before the ses- sions, iney could go deliberately into tbe whole matter. After some remarks from several magistrates, Col. Pryse ssconded the motion, nut as a vote of censure upon the finance committee, but in order that the business might be facilitated and perfected. When the cijtirt sat only one day, the finance com- mittee lost the business of the court. A long and somewhat angry conversation followed; and at length the motion was carried by a large ma- jority, the following addition moved by Col. Lewis being added "that the committee enquire into, and report upon all notices of motion involving questions of finance" PROPOSAL TO DISSOLVE THE UNION AS REGARDS THE ASYLUM. Sir Thomas Lloyd. M.P., and Mr Pugh, having 81 the last ses-ions given n.iiice of motions affirming the desirability ol dissolving the union 01 Cardigan- shire, Carmarthenshire, and Pembrokeshire as re- gards the three counties lunatic asylum. The Chairman asked the visiting committee if they had any report upon the subject. Captain Jordan No, we have not. I have not had the pleasure of meeting our visitors more than once lately, and I don I think it would he judicious to di^olve. Mr J. B. Harford (Falcondale) sairl he had been too ill lo join the meetiiiKS 01 Ihe committee lately, but his own idea was that it would he madness to separate the union which now existed. He thought it was very improbable that if they had a separate asylum they could maintain their luiiaties for 9s. 4d. per wee". If they could it would be advisable to separate. The Dean of St. David's, Mr J. B Harford, and Capt. Jordan then tendered their resignations as visitors lo the Joint Asylum for the county of Car- digan. Sir Thomas Lloyd withdrew hi* motion, (which depended upon a report from the visiting commit- tpp.) and Mr Pugh then moved a resolution to the effect that the coun'y of Cardigan do separate itself from the counties of Carmarthen, and erect a separate Lunatic Asylum. In the course of some lengthy remarks, which were very frequently interrupted, Mr Pugh expressed the responsibility which he felt de- volved upon him in proposing such a resolution, and said that he bad considered the matter very carefully since the )a:t Quarter Sessions. He showed that the proportion ol this county was 200l. per head, which he maintained was excessive, and then he proceeded to argue that if this county dis- solved the union they would be entitled to 13,0001" which was the sum Cardiganshire had paid on ac- count of the Joint Counties Asylum. Then came the question "for how much can we build an asylum for ourselves?" Now, he bad taken th ■ trouble to enquire of Messrs. Martin and Chamherlayne, and also of Mr Spddnn. architect, regarding this matter, and they coincided in the opinion that an asylum for 7u patients could be built for D,OUQl. Within a lithe all agreed to that. Mr Harlord Then there are extras. Mr Pugh said he took it that D,ODOl. would be the outside price for building a proper and efficient asylum for 70 patients. Col. Pryse seconded the motion, and reminded the court that years ago, when it was proposed to amalgamate the three counties, he opposed the suggestion. He trusted that Mr Pugh's motion would be carried unanimously, and that they would get an asylum of their own. If he wanted an argu- ment against the propriety of the further continuance of this union, it would be that three visitors had resigned because they were unable to fulfil their duties. There would be grgat difficulties in the way of filling their places, and after all if others were appointed, what a minority they would be in. Cardiganshire was a poor county, and could not afford to throw away money like the other counties; yet whatever project the visiting committee brought forward, the visitors for the county of Cardigan,, being few in number, must submit to. Sir Thomas Lloyd, who spoke as an old member of the visiting committee, said Mr Pugh's speech was a very lucid one, but the court must consider (before they proceeded to build an asylum for them- selves) whether they could get back any of the money which they had laid out on the Joint Counties Asylum. The court must do nothing without a very full discussion of the subject. Mr J. B. Harford protested against a separation, and said that in his opinion the asylum had been carried on very successfully Ill' pointed out that Mr Pugh had said nothing about the cost of mainten- ance, and argued that if the county had a separate asylum they could not maintain the lunatics for 9s. 4d. per head It had taken the Joint Asylum some years to get to that sum at first it was lis. or 12s. per head. A magistrate 14s. per head. Captain Jordan approved ot all Mr Harfoid had said, and The Dean of St. David's pointed out that in his calculations Mr Pugh had forgotten to mention the items of medical superintendent, assistant superin- tendent, housekeeper, cook,&c. Besides, he did not think they would ever get back anything like 13000l. Col. Lewes opposed the separation, and Mr liar- ford proposed an amendment to the effect that the proposed separation was unwise. The Dean seconded it, and Mr Pugh submitted that it could not be put. The chairman ruled the amendment to be quite in order and on a vote be- ing taken, it was carried by 14 against 5. The fol- lowing gentlemen voted for Mr Pugh's motion:- Mr Pugb, Col. Pryse, Captain Bassett Lewis, Mr Fryer, and Mr Thomas Jones (mayor of Aberyst- wyth). HOLDING THE SESSIONS AT ABER TSTWYTH. Mr H. C. Fryer gave notice that at the next sessions he would move that every alternative sessions be held at Aberystwyth. The remainder of the business was unimportant.
+ AN INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNAL FOR PRE- SERVING PEACE. Mr J. Stuart Mill, in his Representative Govern- ment," says of the United States—" The tribunals which act as umpires between the Federal and State Governments naturally also decide all disputes be- tween two Stiites The usual remedies between na- tions—war and diplomacy, being precluded by the Federal Union, it is necessary that a judicial remedy should supply their place. The Supreme Court' of the Federation dispenses international law, and is the first great example of what is now one of the most prominent wants of civilised society—a real Jnterna- tional rribunal. The force of the decisions of such a Tribunal would be mainly or wholly that of moral power. It is not to be assumed that this power would absolutely render wars impossible, or succeed in reconciling all cases of international dispute but it would go very far in that direction. It would be an infinite gain over the existing system of brute force; and it would prevent some wars at least, if not all Some able writers, as, for example, Profes- sor Seeley and Mr Frederick Seebohm, have advo- cated "the ultimate sanction of international law is physical force," and that the representative Court of Jurists must have power to enforce their verdicts by the collective armies of the united nations in whose name they may speak. But not so. As long as armies are to be sanctioned at all, it may be that the present system, bad as it is, is a less evil than the possible contingency of the brute force of a family of nations, who might happen to be in the wrong, being united to crush one or more individual nations who might happen to be in the right. Truth often resides with the small minority; and even a majority might be wrong. But the tyranny of a majority, or of a mob, whether it be a mob of nations, a Ku-Klux mob, or a Paris revolutionary mob, is apt to be the very worst of tyrannies. Therefore, the final power of an International Tribunal must be one of law—of law and of moral force alone. And such a force would truly be a mighty one. The imperfect ex- ample of the Trent case* showed that, even amid the most excited passions, there was great weight attached to the quiet, dignified, collective verdict of the nations, when peacefully offered. It is precisely upon the peacefulness of the verdict that its influence would largely depend for it is evident that, in many cases, the threat of armed compulsion, however delicately and distantly implied, would make a high- spirited nation prejudiced from the outset against the verdict tendered with such an alternative, iu case of noncompliance. In 1861, an officer of the Federal Government, acting on a Lynchlike impulse, transgressed the law of nations by forcibly taking the two Confederate Ambassadors, Messrs Slidell and Mason, from a British mail-steamer the Trent. Almost immedi- atelyand spontaneously, the chief Courts of Europe communi- cated to the Washington Government their verdict that this act WI1S contrary to international equity. AIJ(I this simple collective opinion," definitely and unitedly expressed, greatly influenced the Federal authorities in arriving IH their conclusion to surren- der the two captives. In like manner, it may be confidently ex- pected, a systematic utterance of the collective opinion of the family of nations, or of the chief of them, especially when given forth hy a representathe body of their best jurists or most intel- ligent men, would largely restrain war.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. THE VALE OF AYRO3ST, (Capt. Vaughan's.) Tuesday, Jan. 9th Llahybyther Bridge I Friday, Jan. 12th Cae Coed I _Each day at 10.30. I
Drafts On Christmas day, aged 15 years, Thomas Dela- boyde Lloyd, youngest SOil ot the late Captain Wil- liam Lloyd, of this town. Much beloved by all who knew him. On the 31st inst., at an advanced age, the Rev. John WiU»ams' ^aptist Minister, Aberduar, Llany- byther. MONUMENTS for Churches, Churchyards, and Cemeteries, executed in Stone, Marble, and Granite, Il may be inspected in the Show Rooms, at R. L>ODSO> H Marble Works, Swac-hill Shrewsbury. i i
LLANSANTFFRAID. # I CHRISTMAS DAY was spent in an exceedingly in- teresting manner at the above thriving village. In- stead of the festivities and frolics usual at such a time, the friends of the Church determined to pre- pare more religious and moral means of spending the day. In accordance with the general custom, there was a prayer-meeting at the National School at 5 a.m which was numerously attended and well-con- ducted. At 10 a.m. there was morning prayer in Church, the Rev. W. Herbert. vicar, officiating. This service was better attended than usual. The Church was nicely adorned for the occasion, and reflected great credit on the young people who had been so active in the work. Never was the sacred edifice decorated with better taste. In the afternoon the Sunday scholars were treated to tea and cake at the Schoolhouse, when 187 partook of the good things provided for them by Mrs. and Miss Herbert, of the Vicarage Mrs. and Miss Morgan, Alltlwyd farm Mrs. and Miss Jones, Blaengwenyn Mrs. and Miss Hughes, Maesgwyn Mrs. Jones, Penlon Mrs. Williams, Court; and Mrs. Evans, Convoy. After tea addresses were delivered by the following gentle- men :-Rev. W. Herbert, vicar (chairman) Mr D. Morgan, Alltlwyd and Mr S. Williams, inland re- venue officer and a silver communion service, con- sisting of flagun, chalice, paten, and offertory plate, was exhibited, which had been obtained by subscrip- tion, through the indefatigable exertions of Miss Herbert, the vicar's daughter. A vote of thanks was given to these ladies, as well as to the congre- gation, for such a tangible proof of their love to the Church. Thete was a public meeting at the School- room in the evening, which was crowded to excess, when there were recitations and singing, together with addresses on the utility of the Sunday school. The programme was as follows :— 1. Ton gan y cor, Carol nadolig." 2. Adrodd- iad gan Lewis Jenkins. 3. Tôn gan y côr, 'Rwy'n myn'd i'r nef." 4. Colli fy mam," gan John Har- ris. 5. Quartet, John Pugh a'i gyfeillion. 6 Dadl gan Catherine Jones, Dauntless," a'i chyfeilles. 7. Ton gan y cor, Holl famau Caersalem." 8. Ad- roddiad gan Magdalen Evans. 9. Solo gau Ebenezer Evans. 10. Adroddiad gan Catherine Anne Cole. 11. "Canymorwr." 12. Dadl gan Catherine Jones, Egrateia," a'i chyfeilles. 13. Trio, 0 gollwng fi." 14. Dadl gan Elizabeth Pugh a'i chyfeilles. 15. Solo and chorus, Ar welv gwellt." 16. Adroddiad, "Dirwest a'r tybacco." "17. Ton gan y cor, "O! deuwch, ffyddloniaid." 18. The king and the miller." 19. Ton, "Eisteddai teithiwr blin." 20. Adroddiad gan. Margaret Mary Edwards. 21. Solo, Yr Hydref." 22. Yr ysgol sabbothol," gan John Richards. 23. Quartet, "Amser gwell." 24. Solo gan Thomas Jones. 25. Trio, 0 hapus ddydd pan oeddwn." 26. Solo, Annie Laurie." 27. Ar- a.eth gan Mr Williams. 28. Duet, Cwyn yr am- ddifad." 29. Ton gan y cor, "Pwyfel Efe?" 30. Solo gan Hannah Richards. 31. "The last rose of summer." 32. Dadl, "Y diwyd n'r diog." 33. Solo gan John Richards. 34. Solo and chorus, Y gwcw." 35. Ton gan y cor, "Fy Arglwydd da." 36. "I'r vsarol Sul." 37. Solo and chorus, "Dyoddefiadau Cr!st.
IMPROVEMENT COMMISSIONERS, ABER- YSTWYTH. A monthly meeting of this body was held on Tues- day, when there were present—Messrs. Hugh Hughes (in the chair), Jonathan Pell, Richard Jones, Charles Hackney, Thomas Bubb, Peter Jones, H. E. Taylor, John Jones (Great Dark- gate-street), Edward Ellis, W. H. Thomas (clerk), D. Lloyd (assistant clerk), and J. Vaughan (sur- veyor). The minutes of the last meeting were read and con- firmed, and a number of accounts (including one from P.S. Evans for 61. 10s., being a quarter's salary as inspector of nuisances, &c ,) examined. Respect- ing the latter some conversation arose, and surprise was expressed at the largeness of the sum. The Clerk explained that P. S. Evans was not only inspector of nuisances, but likewise inspector of common lodging-houses, pleasure boats, and bath- ing machines, for which duties he was paid 10s. a week. The Chairman remarked that this was a good deal of money, but in the summer the inspector had onerous duties to perform. A suggestion was made that in the winter 5s. a week would be sufficient, and then the matter dropped, cheques for the several amounts being signed. CLEANSING THE STREETS. Mr Pell: Mr chairman, I belr to suggest that Mr Vaughan, our surveyor, be ordered to employ addi- tional men for the purpose of keeping the streets ctean it is disgraceful to have them in the state they are now in. The Chairman It is a disgrace. Mr Peter Jones But it is an exceptional time just now. Mr Vaughan The streets here are in as good a state of repair as those of any town in England or Wales. Mr Pell: But they are not clean. I don't com- plain of their state of repair, but of the amount of dirt, about which there are a great many complaints. Mr Vaughan said he did not see that was so. The Chairman There are a great many com- plaints. Mr Bubb concurred with the chairman and Mr Pell, and said that while going along Moor-street last Sunday night he stepped into a hole and filled his boots with water. Mr Hackney said he had repeatedly had to com- plain of the manner in which the gas company, when they put in gas in various localities, did their work. They left the roadways in a shamefully slovenly state. Their attention ought to be called to this matter. Mr Vaughan said that in laying down gas the company did cut up the streets badly. The conversation respecting the cleaning of the streets was then continued. Mr Pell said there was a strong feeling out of the board that the streets ought to be kept cleaner. Mr Vaughan. it was said, did not employ a sufficiently large staff of men for this purpose and he should like to have the opinion of the commissioners upon the point. Mr Vaughan here said that he wanted two new scraping machines and they were ordered on the motion of Mr H. E. Taylor, seconded by Mr Pell. Mr Hackney said that the best course to pursue with regard to cleansing the streets would be to get the work done by contract, Mr Taylor That is the way to keep up the dirt, Mr Hackney. The Clerk We had plenty of trouble some years ago when that work was done by contract. The men were completely master over us. Mr Hackney Yes but that was for the want of having proper conditions drawn up. With proper stipulations the work could be well and cheaply done by contract. Mr E. ElMs Mr Hackney forgets the time when he used to have stilts to go about the streets. (Laughter.) The matter then dropped, it being understood that the surveyor should employ extra men for the pur- poses of street cleansing. THE REMOVAL OF ASHES, &C. The Clerk drew attention to the fact that tubs and other receptacles containing ashes were allowed to stand about the streets for hours. Mr Vaughan said that was on Fridays, when the scavengers went about. The Clerk Well, it looks very bad, indeed. Mr Pell: This is entirely owing to the bye-laws not being carried out. They distinctly state the hour at which ashes are to be removed in the morning, and that time ought to be adhered to. It was here asked how the inhabitants were to know when the scavengers were coming round ? and Mr John Jones said that they rang a bell, and that when people heard it they brought their ashes out. Mr Pell: They may not hear the bell; that is nonsense. Mr John Jones: Nonsense! why I think that is full of sen^e. (Laughter ) Mr Pell said that printed notices ought to be sent round stating the times at which the carts go round, and then the bell would be a reminder that the cart was approaching. Otherwise people could not be listening for & beU all day long. Mr John Jones Mr Vaughan tells us it is on Fridays when the cart goes round Mr Pell: Then I move that we call upon the town surveyor to read the bye-laws, and alter that rule, because the bye-laws say that the asbes shall be col- lected every day. Mr Vaughan I cannot do it. Mr Pell: You must do it, Sir. Mr Vaughan: Then I must have another horse and cart. Mr Hackney The thing only wants a little ar- rangement ("hear, bear," from Mr J. Jones) and we may leave it to Mr Vaughan. Mr Vaughan If you want the bye-laws carried out in this respect, there will be constant work for one horse and cart. Mr Taylor And a second horse and cart are pro- vided for in the estimates. Mr Pell recommended the surveyor to read the bye-laws, and then carry them out. The work of removing ashes must be done at the proper hours. Mr Bubb: If the work is only done in the morn- ing, he can arrange different times for different loca- lities. Mr Pell: The main thoroughfares ought to be visited before 8 o'clock in the morning, and others not later than 10 o'clock. It was understood that the surveyor would give his attention to the matter, and the conversation dropped. DRAINING AND PAVING. A Mr John Griffiths, grocer, made application to the Board for the construction of a drain in Queen- .street, and he was told that they had no money with which to carry out the work, but if he liked to do it at his own cost at present, the money should be re- funded to him at a future time. Mr Griffiths said he could not do this, and Mr Pell, who felt that such a state of things was unsatisfactory, suggested that the clerk should make application to the Local Government Board for per- mission for the commissioners to carry out plans which were laying in the Local Government Board office, until such time as they (the commissioners) dealt with the water supply of the town. They had committed themselves to a water scheme, and he thought they might now ask for permission to carry out those works which had already received the ap- proval of the Board in London. The Clerk There is an application before the Local Government Board. Mr Pell: Yes, which was refused until such time as the water question should be dealt with. That has been done, and I think the time has come when we may get drains and connections made before the ensuing summer. Then there is another matter. Mr Vaughan's plans for repaving the principal streets of the town were sanctioned by us 18 months or two years ago, and these plans and estimates should be sent up to the Local Government Board, together with an application to borrow a sum of money with which to do the work. It is only a matter of 400/. or 500/ (principal and interest to be repaid in 20 years,) and I feel sure we should not be refused, so that we could get the streets flagged before the sum- mer. It ought to be done. The Chairman Yes, it ought. Mr Pell then moved that the plans for repaving, together with an estimate of the cost, be sent to the Local Government Board, and an application made for leave to borrow the money required. Mr Hackney seconded the motion. Mr Taylor enquired the amount of the estimate ? Mr Vaughan About 800/. Mr Pell: And 130/. for paving the Terrace was deducted from that, it being agreed to abandon tha. portion of the work. The motion was then carried, and the discussion respecting the drainage was resumed. Doubts were expressed whether the Local Government Board would give the permission sought, and Mr Pell said they would not be likely to refuse anything necessary to the health and well-being of the town. The Clerk: Suppose we make the application, and they say we must wait ? Mr Pell: Then that will be their answer, and we will abide by it. Mr Taylor And the public will be satisfied that the delay is not our fault. Mr Pell: Quite so. The Clerk was instructed to write to the Local Government Board about the drainage and paving, Mr Taylor remarking that he did not think the Board would refuse their sanction to the plans for repaving. Mr Pell: I don't think they will. II' Mr Bubb The state of things is disgraceful at present. Mr Vaughan intimated that if his plans were to be carried out, the commissioners ought to order curb stones at once, as a large number would be required, aqd Mr E. Ellis said tenders should be invited. Mr Taylor pointed out that they were not in a position to ask for tenders, because their plans had not yet been sanctioned by the Board in London. It was however suggested that it should go forth to the public that curb stones of certain dimensions would be required by the commissioners for paving purposes, as masons, who were not very busy at pre- sent, might thus be induced to prepare curb stones, which could be bought when wanted. NEW HORSE AND CART. The streets committee was requested to purchase a. horse, and tenders for a cart and harness (to be sent in before the next monthly meeting) were ordered to be advertised for. This was all the business.
THE LOCK UP. Thursday, December 28th, 1871. Before Thomas Jones, Esq., (mayor.) THE DRINK. William Owens, better known by the nickname of Starboard," was brought up and charged with drunkenness. Mary Owens, the prisoner's wife, stated that her husban'd came home drunk on the previous night about 12 o'clock, and behaved so violently that he frightened her into a fit. P.S. Evans deposed that hearing a row he went to the prisoner's house, in St. James' Square, and heard him threatening that he would kill someone. He was drunk, and as his wife said she was afraid of him, he (the witness) took him into custody. Owens had been before convicted for getting drunk, and he was bound over, himself in 51., and one surety in 51., to keep the peace, and be of good be- haviour for the period of six calendar months.
ABERYSTWYTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL. The semi-annual distribution of prizes to the suc- cessful students at the Aberystwyth Grammar School took place on Tuesday, December 19th, 1871. The school was examined on the previous Thursday and Friday by the Ilevds. Dr. Charles and Ashtun Jones. At the close of each day's examination the boys of the school were highly complimented by the examiners for the intelligence and understanding showed in the respective branches of education in which they had been taught. They also impressed upon them the superiority of the system of education which aimed at accuracy in teaching. They were glad to find in examining that accuracy and care was a distinctive feature of this school. The close competition between the boys also went far to show that they were well looked after, especially when hardly one could be found who was unable to solve the questions proposed to him. The examiners' marks and positions of the boys at the close of the examination corresponded fairly with their marks and positions in their respective classes during the last half-year. It may be added that this is the only school in town where boys can receive a good training in Hebrew in addition to classics, modern languages, and mathematics. On the following Tuesday his worship the Mayor of Aberystwyth, Thomas Jones, Esq., gave the boys their well-earned prizes. In a very able address to the boys he spoke many words of encouragement and good advice, exhorting them to aim high in life, and showing that the present opportunities are invaluable to form the man. He then proceeded to distribute the prizes in the following order:- FIRST CLASS—1. Lewis Richards; 2. Thomas James 3. Rogers and R. Jones. SECOND CLASS—1. Robert Peake; 2. J. C. Hughes; 3. T. W. Garner; 4. O. J. Evans 5. Julian and Edwards 6. G. H. Price. THIRD CLASS—1. H. J. Davis 2. T. K. Tointon 3. Bennett; 4. Mcliquham 5. Price. Cheers called for the mayor for his kindness in presiding, which was heartily responded to, brought the proceedings to a close. The following is an extract of a letter received from Mr J. E. Hughes, the son of John Hughes, Esq Lledrod, who passed successfully the examina- tion of the Royal College of Surgeons since the last Midsummer examination. He was a private pupil of this school. Glasgow, Nov. 5th, 1871. MY dear Mr Roberts, -1 feel proud that I was recommended to come to you to prepare for my examination. Before I had been many days under you, I found you had the happy knack of teaching combined with untiring zeal. I endeavour to carry out your recommendation—to pay great attention to my Greek and Latin Grammars. I see more and more the importance of your good advice of attaining a good knowledge of the composition and construction of Greek and Latin. I find the study of these languages very much easier when they are studied systematically. I look back with pleasure and a great deal of satisfaction on the progress I made under you in my classics and mathematics. The great care and pains you took in preparing me fully surprised me. I shall always strongly recommend your school to my friends iu whose welfare I shall feel interested. Hoping the school is going on well and wishing you great success,-l remain, dear sir, your obedient student, JUHN E. HUUIIJJS. Mr Hughes is a very promising young gentleman, and is likely to attain to some eminence in his pro- fession.
BRONFLOYD. The following is from the Mi ning Journal Dear Sir,-Permit me a small space in your Jour- nal to thank your Birmingham correspondent (whose letter appeared in your last issue,) for the compliment therein expressed but in so doing to admit that personally I should much prefer, instead of these oft- repeated confidences, that he and other members of the Bronfloyd Company-whirb is certainly leading the van in the improvements oflead dressing—would attend some of the meetings on the Mine, and inspect the change (as compared with eighteen months back) which Bronfloyd now presents rather than view everything, with so much confidence, through what may perchance, prove to be my I-rose-coloured spectacles." An especially good opportunity will present itself for this at the Annual General Meeting which is proposed to be held on the mine on Tuesday, the 23rd proximo and, Sir, I may then ask you to allow one of the intelligent and scientific staff of your Journal to favor me with an independent critique on our works; as by that time, barring bad weather-I hope to have the re arrangement of Bronfloyd floors complete, the Steam engine No. 3 Shaft will also be at work, that shaft sunk to the 100, the new 24-ft. water-wheel on the north side of the floors driving three quarters of a mile of Hodgon's Patent Wire Tramway with its suspended buckets of dressed-ore traversing from the floors of the mine over a nearly level piece of ground to a new storehouse near to the village of Penrhyncoch, and also driving two of Dingey'# Patent Pulverizers, and reducing to fine powder the daily accumulation of lead Skimpings or Raggings, hitherto thrown away. The following is a copy of one of many Assays of these Raggings — Callington, July, 1871. "Sample Lead Ore Skimpings from Bronfloyd contains 3:1 per cent. of Pig Lead. "JOHN JENKIN." The Bronfloyd ore is disseminated in fine strings through a very wide lode (nearly 40 ft ) from 25to 30 tons of this lode-stuff is operated upon daity by Blake's Stone Breaker, and by a pair of 38-inch and another pair of 24-inch Crushers, from which most of it passes into the German Jiggers, and by this improved appliance, say, four tons of clean lead ore is separated and finally cleansed by the flat buddies -the remainder known as "Skimpings," consist of cnbes of lode-stuff varying from one-sixteenth to one-eighth of an inch, in which is imbedded minute particles, more or less, of lead ore. This mass of stuff has hitherto been thrown away :-our arrangements hereafter will carry this waste by a natural fall through six-inch pipes a distance of say 65 feet into the Pulverizer house, and be operated upon by the newly-patented machine just referred to. The Western Chronicle of Science says of this machine It has long been a question with all Tinners as to the best means of reducing tin stuff (called rows') to such a degree of fineness as to extract the tin as completely as possible. The usual plan of stomping the rows' a second and perhaps a third time is tedious, requires pondprous machinery, and a great amount of power to produce little effect:—this machine, it says GRINDS THE Rows.' A public trial at Wheal Jane, in Cornwall, was made 27th February last, when it is reported to have reduced to great fineness hard tin-rows stuff at the rate of 9 tons in 12 hours Mr Matthew Loam. C E., of Liskeard had the machine tried (as reported to me) on Lead Skimpings from West Chiverton, which was ground at the rate of 15 cwts. per hour to a very fine and uniform size. The two machines we are about erecting at Bron- floyd will, it is assumed, reduce all the lead Skimp- ings made on the mine without any manual labour so reduced it will flow from the Pulverizer house into, and pass through (like our other slime ores) a spi/fcial set of brick-encased pits, with carefully constructed coke screens and I shall be disappointed if my Company does not in result reap something like five tons of marketable and rich silver-lead ore per week, from these Raggings, at a mere minimum of extra cost. Not being accustomed to sail under false colors I must beg leave to refer to your correspondent's figures to say, that the value of our improved process of lead-dressing, so far, will not bear quite so favourably as the averages shewn by hini-sin his late letter :-the seven sales of Bronfloyd for 1870 are given correctly and the average is 13[. 6s. Od. per ton but the nearest corresponding dates of sallit by the Van Company should be as follows Feb. 24. 1870.at.ei3 15 6 July 19, 1870, at fl2 12 6 Mar.24, 13 14 0 Aug. 18, „ 14 4 0 May 19, 18 5 0 Sept. 29, 12 16 0 Dec. 29, 1870, at £ 12 4 ) the average of which is X13 4s. 6d. not £ 13 7s. 3d -Thus the real advantage in our mode of dressing, as evidenced by the sale of Bronfloyd on the 24th ultimo at 413 6s Od and the average sale by the Van Compauy on the 30th ultimo at £ 12 10s. 3d would appear to be 15s. 9d. per ton and from that, sum should be deducted Is. 6d per ton, the difference on the 1870 averages, not plus Is. 3d per ton as given by your correspondent.—Yours faithfully, J. B BALCOMUE, Bryn-y-mor, Aberystwyth Managing Director. 20th Dec. 1871.
A VISIT TO BEDLAM. (From the Echo's Special Commissioner.) Bedlam! How strangely that word has engrained itself into the Enghsh heart as the synonym for a hopeless death in life. Here is Bedlam itself, and I stand in the waiting room in attendance on the doctor, who is to show me the horrors of his prison house. Meanwhile, the la.,t act of a drama is played before me, and Bedlam is no longer dreadful. This pretty young mother, with a baby, has a sister up- stairs, misguided by a rascal, but who is quite cured now, and coming out this week as she is speaking to me, the beautiful sister comes into the room and then there is a group of the two embracing sisters and the crowing baby on the shoulder of the mother, such as one will not see in a long day's march in Bedlam or out of it. But here is the doctor with his key—the bolt goes back, and I am in the most famous lunatic asylum in Europe, with the door shut behind me. So Not in the least degree what I had expected, much as I had heard elsewhere of the magnificent arrangements, very like the great galleries at Brams- hill or Beaudesert, but darker, as it is a winter afternoon. Everywhere around are innumerable pigeons in large cages, who keep up a monotonous and soothing cootng grey African parrots in cages, too, which cause one to reflect-Do they learn of the madmen or the madmen of them? which could talk the greatest nonsense when put to it? Here also are cages for canaries, aquariums in almost every window, plants, everything as well arranged as in any lady's drawing room; and here, comfor- tably seated in an arm-chair by the fire, in the midst of his ancestral halls, is Sir Roger Tichborne. How are you, Sir Roger? How do you think the case went yesterday?" is asked. "That fool, sir," is the reply, is making an ass of himself, as usual. He'll never get me out of this." Sir Roger is a hydrocephalous young man, who believes that Bed- lam is Tichborne Hall, and is entirely contented in his belief. It strikes me that if it were Tichborne Hall he could not be better served or treated, and I became savagely reminded of some country houses in which I have stayed, which were infinitely duller in wet weather than Bedlam. For example, you could not, in a country house, have tbe chance of a lively argument with a yoting gentleman who objected to the door being opened because there were 546,000 devils on the other side, and that a dozen or two might get in behind the doctor. Here is a an old gentleman in an easy chair before the fire, who also reminds me very much of a gouty host in a country house on a wet day, for he spends his time in think- 109 about the next meal. The prince is much better to-day, sir,' I remark. Hang the prince, sir," he replies; "I want my tea at five o'clock" And you might talk to this old gentleman for an hour, but you will only hear of the next meal. I know a man so exactly like him out of Bedlam. One of the most painful things in a lunatic asylum is the habit which the patients have of following the doctor to the door of the ward, and standing there, hopeless, when he has gone out and is shutting the door on them. See this man, for example. He is a solicitor, gone mad from overwork; he is agree- able and well informed, but as mad as any one in the gallery a very bad case indeed. He follows us to the door, and then turns with a graceful bow, but, 0 God with what a despairing clenching of the left hand, raised up to heaven as if in appeal against the horrible judgment which has smitten him. This is an intensely painful case, because the man is a man of sense and power, and he knows that he is mad. Here is another case of the same kind a very charming-looking young man was reading All the Year Round," and I bent over him and asked him how he liked what he was reading. He said, Very much as it is a madhouse story, it is naturally in- teresting to me." The cases of chronic dementia are hopeless. What can you do when a man, after efforts of spasmodic violence, sinks for ever into a state of utter listless- ness, refusing to speak, and in many cases to eat. Y uu see them here lying about on the sofas by dozens. Take one case-the case of a pretty young girl about 18, who was rapidly passing into this state. I asked her to play me a tune on the piano. The nurse and the doctor took her by her arms, and, laughing at her, made her go. She gave a feeble laugh herself, and sat down nurse on one side, doctor on the other, put her hands upon the keys; but it was no use they fell heavily back again into her lap, and hir head fell on her bosom. I am the more particular in noticing this case, because it showed me the ex- quisite tenderness and patience with which these afflicted people are treated by their attendants in these smaller hospitals. As at St. Luke's, so it is here. The life of these attendants must be a terrible one, enough to spoil the best of tempers but neither at St. Luke's, nor here in Bedlam, have I seen one solitary attendant who was not the picture of good humour nor have I seen one solitary patient who seemed in the least degree afraid of any of the at- tendants, which last fact speaks volumes. The doctor, of course, is with some patients, a highly objectionable man, hopelessly insane himself, and eternally. plotting their ruin in one way or another. This loud lady is evidently of this opinion she rises suddenly from the fire, and confronts this villain of a doctor; she has been moved down to this ward (which, by the way, is a most charming place) for her distruction. She knows that I am a com- missioner. As I am a special commissioner of the Echo, I do not think it a very bad lie to say yes. Then will I make her grievance known? I "ay yes, and I hope that I have kept my word to her but her grievances were such an unentangleable mass of nonsense that I cannot remember them. Here, in this ward, it is just as well not to talk too loud, or to look about too much for this is the ward where the acute female cases are, and when one "goes off" the rest generally follow. Unhappily they are off" now, and here you have the spectacle of" Bedlam broke loose." You have been naughty, I see," says the doctor to one young woman. And, God help her, she had she had torn her clothes to pieces, but she said that she was good again now. That young woman lying on the ground, kicking and yelling and crying out about her children, has set them all off; has set this Bedlamite old lady off, f"r example, who dances before us, bows, snaps her fingers before us, and proceeds before us to the drawing room, into which the nurse has not allowed her to go, as being in too excitable a state. I don't think that I ever saw any one quite as mad as this old lady; she must have been very beautiful once but the moment she got her object she was easily quieted by the doctor, and the other mad ladies there were not much disturbed by her, but sewed away diligently, as their faces brightened at the sight of the doctor, and their foreheads wrinkled with curiosity at the sight of me. One lady in the corner attracted me strangely she said nothing, but she had her ideas, and evidently thought that neither the doctor nor I was capable of shariug them. I would give something to know what that lady was thinking about (for thinking she was), though her temper kept her in the acute ward. I left that pretty bright drawing room with the strong impression that some people would be much happier in Bedlam than out of it, if they could quality but they cannot. No human being ever had the genius to sham mad- ness successfully. Your space, sir, will, I know, allow me to give no longer account of these "souls in prison at one time amongst them you got the most fantastic comedy; at another, the most terrible tragedy. You might write pages about them and their peculiarities, but that is not my object. Mr Rudge and Dr. Rhys Williams are doing their best, but. in spite of the best, the sight of the place will make the most thoughtful men graver. 1 he affliction under which these people suffer is, in its most amusing form, in- conceivably horrible; with all its means, Bedlam is only just praying its way, and most certainly wants support. Let the rich man, of all others, go there, and say to himself, "But for the mercy of God this fate might be mine," and then let him give, as Christ told the young man to give, for His sake.
ALWAYS AT A PREMIUM. To this "fifth quarter of the Globe" as an Irish writer has called it, the mother couutry 6ends many things its people do not want, and the consequences too frequently are an overstueked market and a depressed trade. From this category we beg leave, however, to exclude two articles- the two celebrated remedies of Professor Holloway. Throughout Australasia they are ut It premium. The Pills and Ointment are considered the most profitable commodities that can be taken to the diggings, as their efficacy in the diseases common in the gold region is well known to every nugget-hunter, Rnd they are therefore eagerly bought up at any price by those toilers after the "mammon of unrighteousness." For biliolls fel ers, and ull disorders of the liver and bowels which prevail on the auriferous soils of the interior, the Pills appear to be a positive, immediate and invariable cure. We have seen returned gold hunters from the "divings," and their reports on this head are uniform. Nor is the testimony less conclusive in relation to the Ointment as a means of relieving rheumatism ami neuralgia, and healing the wounds, abrasions, contusions, &<• incidtmt to It hard life in the wilderness. In short everyone in the loush" looks upon Holloway's two preparations as a sufficient medicine ehest for all the disorders of his outer and inner man. He knows, for he has wintered with them and sunllnered with them beyond the settle- mcnts. that they are his surest reliance in sickness at all seasons and untlel; alt circumstances. Almost every digger hilS some all8Cùote to relate of the cures they have performed. Limbs .-avecUrotn mortification, ulcers preserved from gangrene, con- tractea joints relaxed, liver disease arrested, dysentery allll diarrhoea cured-these are their trophies. In fact they are among the good things which we cannot have too much, and although the impo.ts at present are sO large as almost to be in- credible, still the demand keeps in advance of the supply. Furnished with these remedies the digger and the settler have little need of mcdical advice, for it »eeins beyond question that their curative eflects cover the whoJe circle of discases and a large portion of the chapter of acciden ts, Of what use i. success to the digger, if, when fortune is achieved, he die beside his hoanl, and how many lives that were sacrificed in the early days of the gulll discoveries, might have heen savetl by these inesti- mable preparations. In California we understand they are con- sidered an indispensable ilein, and a most important one, 0 every miner's ou tit. and we etm only say, with a Imowledge of what thpy have been accomplishing throughout the world for thf past twenty years, that to be without them is almost to be ■ ,hOllt we" siali 01 life, •Ci
LLANYBYTIIER. DEATH OF THE REV. JOHN WILIIAMS, OF ABEB- DUAR.—We have to record the death of this popular gentleman, which took place at his own residence about 6 o'clock on Sunday night last. The deceased had been for upwards of forty years the pastor of the Baptist Church at Aberduar, near the above village. Though he had been for a long time con- fined to his house, suffering excruciating pains, yet he bore the whole with Christian resignation. His untiring labour bears visible fruits, as besides having been the means of collecting a very large congrega- tion at Aberduar, he succeeded in having a chapel built, called Caersalem, in the parish of Pencarreg, adjoining that of his own, whereat now there is a large and flourishing congregation. His loss is be- wailed by a very large number of his own country- men outside his own churches.
OUTRAGE ON A WELSH RAILWAY. Between ten and eleven on Friday night week a most disgraceful act was perpetrated on the South Wales branch of the Great Western Railway It appears that the down goods train, which is due at Carmarthen Junction about ten p.m., arrived safety but on the down passenger train running in some Jittle time afterwards, the driver reported that about a mile up the line his train had gone through a heap of stones or some other obstruction, and on examina- tion some portions of the front of the engine were found to be slightly injured. A staff of men were at once despatched up the line, and at the spot indi- cated they found the stones which the down train had displaced, and on the up line some other large stones, so built as tt> render an accident almost cer- tain. The rails were built up with packing stones, not in one place, but in four or five distinct places. Some of the stones were as large as a man's head, and smaller stones were laid between the large ones. The stones, in some cases, were laid at parts where the caps are fitted on the raits, and these caps were uti- lised as much as possible fo fit the stones and render them solid. At one place, if not more than one place, a long packing nail, a kind of iron spike, had been laid with the sharp point on the rail facing the direc- tion in which the engine was to approach, and the other part sloping upwards. This was evidently in- tended to elevate the engine wheel above the rail, and increase the chances of the train running off the line. The fiendish ingenuity of this device was ap- parently defeated by the weight of the engine crush- ing tbe stones with which the nail was packed. Some stones, which had evidently been of great size, were ground to powder by the engine wheels, and other stones similar to those found on the rails were picked up at a distance of many yards from the spot where the obstructions had been built. These had evidently been dashed away by the engine guards. It is supposed, judging from the condition of the rails, that the engine of the down train did run off the line, but got on again. The place where the ob- structions were built was dangerously close to the river, but, happily, on a straight piece of line.
SEASONABLE BENEVOLENCE.—Capt. Howell of Blaendyffryn has, according to his usual liberality at this season, caused £10 to be distributed amongst the poor of Bangor-Teify and vicinity. ABKRYSTWYTH MARKET.—The prices on Monday were as follow:—Wheat, 8s. to 8s. 6d. perbushe); barley, 4s. to 4s. 6d. oats, 2s. 9d. to 3s. 6d.; eggs, 9 for a Is butter (salt), Is. LJd per lb.; butter (fresh), Is. 5d. per ditto fowls, 3s. Od. to Os. Od. per couple ducks, 3s. to 3s. 6d. per ditto geese, 4s. 6d. to 5s. each turkeys, 5s. to 6s. each potatoes, 3s. 6d. per measure. GALE AND THUNDERSTORM.—Thunder and light- ning in January are somewhat rare in the United Kingdom, and no doubt many people were amazed when roused from their slumbers on Thursday morn" ing by the sound of "heaven's artillery" sending forth volley after volley which made the houses shake. The lightning flashed vividly, and when we add that there was an accompaniment of hail, heavy rain, and a gale of wind, all will be enabled to realize a state of things calculated to disturb even persons of a robust nervous temperament. The thunder- storm was not of long duration, and the violence of the gale decreased as day broke but Thursday was a wet, windy, and cheerless day. On Friday the state of things was not much more agreeable. ENGLISH JUDGES FOB WELSH COCNTY COURTS.— We hear that since the appointment of Mr. Homer- sham Cox to theMid-Wales County Court district- such appointment having provoked a good deal of unfavourable comment among all classes-a memor- ial, deprecating the attacks made on the judge be- cause he does not understand Welsh, testifying that the evidence of the Welsh-speaking witnesses was correctly translated by the registrars, and that the late and present judge found no difficulty in dis- charging their duties, has been sent round for signa- tures by the attorneys practising in the courts in the district. The originator of this memorial we know not, but his attempt to bolster up" the appointment of an English-speaking judge in a Welsh district has been a failure. Of the large number of attorneys to whom the document was submitted, only nine signed it and there is a story afloat to the effect that one worthy gentleman learned in the law" who had subscribed to the memorial has since called himself a fool for doing so. MR HENRY RICHARD, M.P—Several of the reli- gious denominations are endeavouring to promote the successful reception of the Parliamentary motion on International Arbitration, of which Mr Henry Richard has given notice for the ensuing session. The Congregational Union of England and Wales, and the Baptist Union, have passed resolutions una- nimously recommending the Congregations of their respective bodies to take such steps as may be need- ful to render useful support to Mr liicbard. Many of the English and Irish Quakers, and of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodists, have also given or promised their assistance. Our readers will also remember that the recent Conference of Welsh Liberals, held at Aberystwyth, resolutions were passed in favour of the hon gentleman's motion. AN IMPORTANT MATTER.—Aberystwyth possesses no apparatus for putting out fires, and though, for- tunately, conflagrations are rather uncommon, there can be no doubt that the authorities ought to provide fire extinguishers of one sort or another. Our at- tention has, recently, been called to an apparatus named V Extincleur, which is wonderfully success- ful in putting out fires, and is at once cheap, efficient, and very portable. The largest can be carried by a man, and V Extincleur effects its object by dis- charging a chemical vapour upon the flames, the effect being that they are at once conquered. In fact, this useful little engine ought to be in every house, and it would be as well if the Commissioners had three or four of the largest size kept, ready charged, at different public places in the town. We may add that Extinctcur is made in three sizes, the price of each being 41. 10s., 5f. 10s., and OZ. 10s. respectively. B REAKFAST.-Epps's COCOA.-GRATEFU L AND COMPORTING. —"By a thorough knowleûge of the natural laws which govern tile operations of digestiQIJ and nutrition, and by a careful ap- plkation of the fine properties of well-seieeted cocoa, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately flavoured heverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills."—Ci< H Service Gazette. Made simply with Boiling Water or Milk. Each packet is lahelled-JAMEs Erps & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, LOUfloJ). Also, makers of Epps's l'a.caoine, a very thin beverage for evening use, A FRENCH PRIXCE IN A WELSH POLICE-COURT. —At the Bala Petty Sessions on Sat urday, the Prince Julius Julian de Vismes et de Ponthieu, of PI as Deon. Llanuwchllyn, appeared in answer to two summonses, the first charging him with trespassing on lands belonging to Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart, M P., al, Llanuwchllyn, in the occupation of David Jones, of Panbymawr, and the second charging him with having committed a common assault upon the said David Jones. The evidence of the complainant and his witnesses went to show that the Prince was seen walking over the laud with his dogs, and declined to go off when requested. This constituted the trespass, and with respect to the charge of assault, it was proved that the Prince, when returning from Bala by a late train, encountered the complainant near the railway station, and brandishing a heavy stick which he carried, aimed a blow with it at his Complainant fortunately eluded the blow as far as his head was concerned, but received a smart blow across the shoulders. Corroborative evidence, which was offered in support of the commission of the assault, was that the Prince behaved very roughly towards the complainant, and prefaced the assault by stating that since he had recently thrashed five Welshmen he would have no trouble in settling one. With regard to the trespass the Prince admitted being on the complainant's field, and alleged he was there simply exercising his dogs, and without uny intention of going after game. He admitted having struck the complainant with the stick, but pleaded that he had received great provocation from insults offered by the complainant towards himself and hi* family. The Bench held that both cases had been proved, and fined the Prince 10s. for the trespass and 21. for the assault, with full costs. The fine and costs were paid at once. WHISKEY.—Of all spirits consumed in England none have increased in consumption to the same extent as whiskey, and this is in a measure accounted for by the great improvements that have taken place in distillation, and the large amount of capital in- vested in its production, both in Scotland and Ireland. But, after all, the distillation of the article is not the only important point; for, as also is the case with brandy, the value of whiskey depends to a great extent on its age. We know of oae London firm- W & A Gilbey-who have about 3000 puncheons (300,000 gallons) always maturing in bond, and for this purpose they have lately adapted a building well known to most travellers by the London and North Western Railway as the "Round House" at Camden -a building originally erected by the railway com- > pany at considerable expense as an engine house. Here are stored large stocks of all the most famous whiskeys of Ireland and Scotland. Were the system pursued by this firm more generally followed, it is not difficult to imagine a time when whiskey would be a strong competitor with brandy, more especially should the French government be induced to charge an export duty on Cognac Brandy.-SlandaTd, 20th December. THE NEW YEAR.-We have witnessed the com- mencement of the new year 1872, the inauguration of which was celebrated in various ways in Aberyst- wyth. According to usual custom, the English Wes- leyans held a watch night service," which attracted an audience so large that the spacious chapel in Queen's Road was crowded. After the usual de- votional exerciees, the Rev. T. Ashton Jones, and others connected with the chapel, delivered stirring addresses suited to the occasion. Then as midnight approached the whole congregation knelt in silent prayer, remaining in an attitude of supplication until the clock had struck twelve, when they arose and sang Charles Wesley's well-known hymn, Come, let us anew our journey pursue." This concluded, the benediction was pronounced, and the large con- course separated, wishes for a happy new year abounding. The 1st of January being market and fair day, the shops in the town were open, but the following day was observed as a holiday. A drum and fife band from Cardigan paraded the town at in- tervals during the day, and a good many visitors from the neighbourhood thronged into the town. Altogether the railway companies must have had a pretty busy time. The weather was wretched, and there was no enjoyment in being out of doors.
"THE MEXICAN HAIR RENEWER" IS the ne9t hair dressing known for Restoring grey or faded hair to its original colour without Dyeingl it-producing the colour within the substance of the hair--imparlinc a peculiar vitality to the roots-pre- venting the hair from falling-keeping the head cool, clean, and free from dsodriff-eausing new hairs to grow unless the hair-elands are entirely derayed. TH B >I>XIOAN HAIR RB- 10 RWBR" makes the hair soft, glossy, and luxuriant. Certiflctea from Ur. Versmann on every bottle. Sold by Chemists and Perfumers at 3s. 6d., or sent to any address free on receipt of 4Q. in stamps.—H. C. Gallup, Proprietor, 493, Oxford Street, London. NEW METAL POCKET VESTA Box, WITH PATENT SPRING COVER.-Bryant and May have recently in- troduced a very useful little Pocket Vvsta Box with a most ingenious and simple spring cover it is a novelty in every way, and will soon come ir.to very general use-being of metal instead of card, and retailed, filled with vestas, at one penny. Any Tobacconist, Grocer, Chemist, or Chandler, will supply it. BROWN'S BKONCHIAL TROCHF?, for the cure of Coughs. Colds, Hoarsenes, Bronchitis, Asthma, Catarrh, or any irntntion or e' soreness of the throat, are now imported and sold in this coun- try at is. 1141. per box, put up In cisu A. ,,t ø • LUTCRTGT." Jt is the most convenient, pleasant, safe, and sure remedy for clearintt aurt strengthening the voice known in the world. The Rev. Henry Ward Beecher says: "I have often recommended them to friends who were public speakers, and in many cases they have proved extremely serviceable." The genuine have the words Brown's Bronchial Troches" on the Government Stamp around each box. Sold by all medicine vendors.— London Depot, 493. Oxford Street. FRAGRANT FLOKILRNEI—FOR THE TP.BTH AND BREATH.—A few drops of this liquid on a wet toolh brush produces a delightful foam, which cleanses the Teeth from all impurities, strenaihens and hardens the gums, prevents tartar, and arre>ts the pro- gress of decay. It gives to the Teeth a peculiar and beautiful whiteness, and imparts a delightful fragrance to the breath. It removes all unpleasant odour arising from decayed teeth, a disordered stomach, or tobacco smoke. The Fragrant Kluriline is purely vegetab e, and equally adapted to old and young. It is the greatest Toilet discovery of the age. Sold in large bottles and elegant cases at 2s. 6d. by af) Chemisls and Perfumers. H. C. GAt-LfP. Proprietor, 493, Oxford-street, London. MRS. WINS LOW'S SOOTHING STKUP FOR children 1 Should always be used when Children are cutting teeth it relieves the little sufferers at once, it produces natural quiet sleep by re- lieving the child from pain, and the little cherub awakes as right as a button." It is perfectly harmless, and very pleasant"* to taste It soothes the ch id, it softens the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the be-t known remedy for dysentery and diarrhcea, whether arising from teeth- ing or other causes. Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup is sold by thousands of Medicine dealets in all parts of the world at Ii). ljd. per bottle, and Millions of Mothers can testify to its revit.Mannufactory, 403, Oxford Street. London. VALUABLE DISCOVERY FOR THE HAIR I !-A very nicely per- fumed hair dressing, called "The Mexican Hair Renewer," now being sold by most Chemists and Perfumers at 3s. 6d. per bott'e, is fast superseding all "Hair Restorers"—for it rv ill positively restore itt eeery case Grell or White hair to its original colour, by a few applications, without dyeing it, or leaving the disagree- able smell of most "Restorers." It makes the hair charmingly beautiful, as well as promoting- the growth on bald spots, where the hair glands are not decayed. Certificate from I)r. Versmanu on every bottle. with full particulars. Ask for "TUE MEXICAN HAIR RENEWER," prepared by H. C. GALLUP, 4Q3 Oxford Street, London. NEW ERA IN DENTISTRY.-H. M. Jones and Son, Surgeon Dentists, 19, Northampton Place, Swansea, have recently adopted a peculiar and unique method of effecting dental operations, by a process which, while being perfectly safe and harmless, secures entire immunity from pain. Teeth are now extracted without the usual agonizing shock which has ere now set at nought the courage of the bravest. None need now fear the ordeal. ° H. M. Jones and Son's artificial teeth defy detection. They imitate nature exactly, as well in appearance as in utility Attendances at Aberystwyth regularly announced in the "Aber- ystwyth Observer."
NOTICE TO A CORRESPONDENT. ETA.- W e must decline to insert your letter, unless you append your name. The letter hits already appeared in another paper, and we do not feel disposed to give you further assistance in making charges anonymously against persons who, for all we or the public know, have acted in perfect good faith.
CORPORATION ACCOUNTS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABERYSTWYTH OBSERVEF. Sir,—Until the other day I had no idea that the abstract of accounts issued by the borough treasure- were such interesting reading as they are. Indeed the accounts for 18(59 and part of 1870 are very in- structive as showing "bow the money goes." The Corporation is always complaining of" its poverty— at the last meeting two bills had to go unpaid be- cause there was no money—and it certainly behoves our local parliament to be careful of their expendi- ture. What are wp to think, then, when we find that the account just referred to contains an item of Ill. 6s 6d. for refreshments supplied to the mem- bers of the Council who perambulated the boundaries of the borough in 1809 ? If the town is really poor, and there can be no doubt that money is scarce. would it not have looked better for those gentlemen who perambulated the boundaries to have paid for the refreshments consumed out of their own pockets ? Another amusing item in the account is "to sending John Edwards, to Glanpaith, to fetch the Corporation seal, to fix it on an address to the King of the Belgians, I s. 6d. Now I should like to know why the Corpora- tion seal is not kept in the town ? I will odd that in my humble opinion the person through whose neg- lect the seal was not forthcoming when wanted ought to have paid the expenses of the messenger sent to fetch it. I have not seen the accounts for 1870-i, but I may have something to say about them on a future occasion.—I am, Sir, yours truly, Aberystwyth, Jan. 5th, 1872. SlGMA.