THE "CITY OF BOSTON." The following haa been sent for publication Receiver of Wreck-office, Custom-house, I beg to inform yon tW L1VerP°01' j up at Waterloo, i £ » B:hat tP £ ?er WaS fchl? dfty Plc,ked to the City of Boston, Mfollowi -PUrP°niI1 £ t0 The Citv of R, 8 S- CitnJ °f Boston, Feb. 4,1870. ourpersavation. The g'hl^! « A danger fer passeDgers to the bow^w^b 8 canvass. Our propeller i!"hrT ad to come on ™der « of the waves. ,n' and we are no w at the entire mercy of the w&'Vel. GQd help UII, I ham hon my bare feet hand an been aU the week. SI8 HOUGH. J HON. ..WjmrWWi bottle would do a ZSta forwarding 1 w mman, Water-st., Liverpool, gan ,hJ • 4 veMeI»- but Id nor • nne« • • » written^ enc1*°Sed another paper, on which was Wflttpn poo £ England."°n 18 slokin8. W. Inman, Water-st., Liver- A. W? CO'ULX°a2 £ JatR aD •' f W V appear do not passengers^]16 Unot » hoa*> SS by
-+- IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. In the Hou?e of Lr>nl« >Mn.y 9 Lord Clanricarde, in moving 'Or paper? connected with the Irish College at, Pari*, recani- t"la'e'! its history riown to 18"5, and contended that it was •entitled to sbpre in the compensation granted by the French ^overr meift nt. i ho.'o period for the loss of property sustained oy sin j fjt* during tlin R-volutlon. Lord I-ansd,, wine had no objection to the production of tb, papers. hut explained that t, o claim of the Irish College had been tuliy to s'derel and rejected by the Ecglish C..mm 3 Rion, attd afterwards by the Privy Conncil. Tiie whole t.un) Sp,|i'te<i hy the Fre neb' Gjveinmtiit had been expended, 'md i^o turn's now r--m fined out of which the claim of the Irish College could b9 met. i-Ain. liedehortlH. iu calling attention to the Kepo" or the Tram w»yCoouiiittFe, expressed a h<>pe that in the Uovern- Jlie!|t Bill public tramways would, a'ttr a term of, say fifty, >eai s, revert to the State, according to the ptlnclple 5*f'.n,*pri on the Continent in regard to railways and similar Undertakings. Ihe L i.rt (Hisncell r mwed that the Commons amend- ments Ir. the Na!ur»!;z t.on Hill be agreed to. L »rd West bury expres ed his in regard to the ^tBenduien-s, and ef-prc/a:l,v all to the proviso "ded by the C 'lnm^ns to bis fourth c UM), which spoke of a person as boTn of a father." This WaI, he niauitained, a thing physically injpo'fib'e.. At the suggestion of Lord Clarendon, who pointed out the L'r" '*rice of obtaining the Royal assent to the bill on Thursday, Lor»t w estbtiry "waived his objections, and the Commons' Maeadnrebt* wevesgreed to, and their lordships adjourned. Hw.se of Commons,ill repl> to Mr. Bowrii g Mr. »r fI? fatfi that sufH-»-nt time had now been allowed for the cleriy and those interested in the Church of Eng- and to Consider the recommendation of the Ritual Com- ttn?tir fleM for a newlectionary. It was the intention of the ^Vernment to introduce a bill forthwith to give effect to tIne recommendation of the Commissioners, and he hoped that the effect of the passing such a measure would be to re taove or diminish the staanatlon which had prevailed in that branch of trade engaged in printing and publishing prayer- books. The House then proceeded with the Committee on the Irish Land HIll. commencing with Clause 6, and after eomp little rrogr^s* bad been made, the bill was again adjourned until Thursday. The Bridge \vater and Beverley Disfranchisement and the Norwich voters Disfranchisement Bill* were read a third time and passed. Th^i^Iai.q'"8 °' Hartington then brought in a bill for amenuing ti e law relating to procedure at Parliamentary e'e(Mona, which he aid at the outset was founded mainly on the report of the recent Committee. On one point, however, it was diametrically opposed to it—the abolition of nomina- tion days For the present public ceremony the bill proposed a svstem of private nomination, which the Marquis described in full detail. The Returning Officer on receiving the writ is to fix two hours on a-certain day, within which nomination Of candidates are to be delivered in to him. signed bv a Dro poser and seconder a! d eight other electors. This delivery must be made personally by the candidate, accompanied by his proposer and seconder. A nomination may be withdrawn at any time within two specified hours, and if no more candidates are nominated than thei e are seats vacant, the Returning Officer will at a specified time declare the election, and aQvertise it. After combating the arguments urged before Jue ommittee iu favour of public nominations—mentioning incidentally that candidates would still continue to be liable tor the expenses of an election—the Marquis "tMed on to explain the proposed procedure in case it be necessary to take a poll But first, he dilated on th3 serious flvils of the present sj stem, and discussing briefly and dismissing as inadequate the two alternative reme- dies suggested—-vis, voting papers and an increase in the number of Polling places-he intimated that the Government had decided to recommend vote by Ballot for the adoption of the House In discussing the objections against the Billot, as stated in the Report, the Marquis laid most strells on tbe "public trust" argument, .h, he said. had long weighed with him against secret Toting. But purity, tranquilltty, and freedom of election he held to be at least as important as publicity of voting, and experience, he urged, showed that when the necessity for secrecy disappeared, the secrecy itself would be dropped, and no man would think of concealing his vote. With the objection that the Ballot favoured bribery and personation, the Marquis dealt at length, and laying down as a test of a good Ballot that it should secure easy identification of each vote by a Court of Jus- fi?' wutl al>«olute impossibility of detection by any other person, he explained the details of the particular sys- tem of Ballot proposed by the bUt The Returning mincer will provide a sufficient number of polling place., with a deputy of his own to preside at each. The polling papers will resemble a banker's check, both paper and counterfoil beartDg the same number, but one on the face and the other on the back. The presiding officer, on delivering the paper to the voter, will enter his registered number on the counterfoil, and the voter, after retirinf; to a private com- partment to erase the names of the candidates for whom he doe, nnt vote, will return and in the presence of the Return- init Officer deposit the paper in the box At the close of tbe poil the presiding officer will open the Ballot box, ?<J)aperg ,n the presence of the candidate's ■gents, seal them up, and send them to the Returning Officer. By him the votes will be counted, and the result declared dirt a, 7ertl3Ad The counterfoils will be sent by the deputies direct from the poUing Nations to the Clerk of the Crown, h« f 8 p*pere when they have been counted will also conV-S^ jere ^be ^turning Officer. By this means, he vnt« » s?*0,ute «ecrecy will be Insured, while if a T, Questioned and shown to be had before a Court nuniw iv. c*n be eaklly identified by the reg ster the SS Jn counterfoil The bill will also forbid %ill riT I publicbouses as committee-rooms, <fcc„ and it lono "rLl4f,e thft ewy expenditure b> a candidate, however be cormiU in his accounts shill be deemed to municinai Li « r7- he ,tated th" u would not deal with pTovement ',and !jter tav^ing suggestions for iisim- belief that the 15]??? by eiprswinga tolerably conlllent purity, and ttanquadt, of^oMnK."8 l° 8ecnre lreedom' of ^the^iU^particuUrl/ h the deJails system of secret voting. He 4 character of its Bill pure and simple, and declined^?V6 n'ed a Ballot Ballot Bill in its favour. ° wlthdraw his own A short discussion followed, after which leave w» J? br'"K in the bill, and the second reading the hOth of May, and the House then adjourned. «#rK« be Houge rf Lords, May 10, Lord Clarendon gavenoti™ of his intention to ask Lord Carnarvon (who is absent from London) to postpone his motion rt-latli g to recent affairs in Greece, which 8tnnds in his name for I hursday. ,1^ Harrowby laW on the table a bill to amend F at w J°the fce1itatratlon ft»r debt of benefices in xtveiaiifl ami Wales. The bi'l was resd a first time Several bHls which Were brought up from the Commons WPre read a first time. On the motion lor going Into committee on the War Office E irl Delawarr defended the Government from the obser- wMch had bten made by the Opposition on the c nd reading of the bill. He denied their allegations that du<Ctiontn«va|n\ liS!,aLl8factio11 had been produced by the re- comended h.rt ^fen nia<!e by tbe Government, who, he 5' 5 ? acted prudently and wis ly. No appre- hen. ion need be flllt about the condition of the anny, or its for The Earl of Longford maintained that all that had been The £ arl of Longford maintained that all that had been BaU by the Opposition on the second reading was oerfectlv jus'ifled by the circumstances of the case. Their lordships then went into committee on the bill, the clause which proposes to appoint two under aecre- Grey moved an amendment to tbe effect that both those officials should vacate their se»ts on appointment. At present the bill only make* It necessary for the Financial Under Secretsrv to do ao. The Duke ot "Richmond said he had, since the second read- ing of the bill, considered the matter in all its bearings and bad come to the conclusion not to offer any further opposi- tion to this bilL He, however, suggested that the Surveyor- General shouW receivc a permanent appointment ourveyor which he h^dnursnpd Dob'e duko tor tbe course his amendment appealed t0 Grey not to preM Grey ^ald he c*uld not withdraw the amendment in of any argument against it. «s divided, when the numbers were—contents, Th» of.'S ntenu' 33 majority, 5. were also^M?M'1"u amended w as passed. The other clauses WeTrLT.M> ?nd tbe bill was reported. mined. '1858) Amendment Bill was formally com- joiroed!116' 0rdeW Wete dh»°Bed of, and their lordships ad- a third'liSe0'ttdJSST>M'MVeral bmi were tead i?°men £ BeaU1?0n,t pave no«ce that on this day fort- night he would move for leave to bring in a bill to ralie™ M°P?n!rom tht),r attendance in the House of Lords ««tw?fcarley 'ntimated that on the 7th June he would move tba*tbe Power claimed and exercised by the Home awdness of «,r,?ECiDK U,egal lotterieB> on the ground ot their of />eir objects, after having advUed the pro- Sctory in Ma^iJ5Uega!fty' U unsouIjd ln Principle, unsatls- rnnVn «.wce; and 0"ght to be withdrawn." been cal'ed to a « »he Home Secretary if his attention had turer at Mancher «iement 111 a newspaper that a manulac- or to let iUie putTuet^JJi13abIe t0 sleep in his o*n house, outrage on the Part of WMkm« J f6 he 7eslded ,or lear ol had been refused the protect?,?*of a trades union that he except on the payment of f Manche»t«r police, such report be correctf^d P» ea^h man = and to take .Up, .0 M.. UOB TO .illT.SL oi Mr. Bruce said that he had Been the report, but wax unable won were correct. He bad had communications with the authorities on the subject, and found that an attempt had been made to burn down the timber-yard of Mr. Johnson, in the of Manchester, and an attempt had also been made optalde the borough. He presumed that the report not il.v aPP"cation for personal protection wou d be made had tM>«ne~°Tu5h'kuttotllecountymagistrate8. Application » reward to the Government by the magistrates to offer *nd he hud ccnsfim^?TeryHHf the PerP«t/ator* of theou.rage, to any offen?~ -k ».to ?^d ? reward ot £ 100, with apardon, conviction nf A.r fv 'ii %lTe ihiormation resulting in the 5° U,e p^rtv ,tr,° £ e?hder;- »In ?rdlnary ca4es of danger ^rui*b Prot wtton and w dutyao1 the local authorities to this insWif d received no complaint that ln their duty authorities or magistrates were not doing ^feto Sir J. c-Lawrence, PaWaBesforeISSudthatappli:ationshad 1)6611 received for tr°op;hiDsaw ?ieildlschal,8edfromthe dockyards in the *oul«, eou-i to ^10 Proceed to Canada, to the number of 445 applications had adults and in addition to thete, Irom Woolwich Ar»^fl'ireceivei from workmen discharged wirhthe War Office i,.and other departments connected of Juue, and the Cror.i *h1p Tamar would sail on the 1st ships would convey em.it 01the 7th Jalle- 0nly two trooj.- aels would be used in tvP^4* for the present, but three vei- commodation of the vt «^futumn for that The ac- Mr. Auberon fo11.200 or 1,300. think it right to take «L 11 the Government would tbe execution of the 40 obtain the postponement of such an Investigation hfn v now 'n prison in Athens until connected wiih the n held of the circumstances sidered satisfactorv hv fhf i?'aore ot CiPtives as may be con- Mr. Otway said I h/c, f°*erDIneilt' fjottini;ham that her m»1,t°> ^?"ure the hon. member for the Interest and anxiety L fully appreciate ^«"e that the in lh« maMer J ^d they be 1 lamentable occur- etoLview they had „nr mple^ M Possible. With t^vfei-ing him to oht/fn ?,. a tele8ram to Mr. Erskine Secr^f^e8al assistance it i»mr> !o0rte or Con8tantinople S Of state ha, «i.„\ po8Blble to secure, and the ts^fssass^ss. e exact terms of tbe hon. member'. quelUon.
WHEI< THEY BE MOKE In th, pr,0^B°DGHTFUL ? dreaa, never cornpi^ women take no thought of preserve such* *QodaJ ^.e.lr condition, and altogether only to mark thu imp^ytirement, it is pleasant not in their habits, but also th«TS* which ha" uken pl»ce f< r their «roBg« and «orro^*ea,.e(i sympathy shown Anatomy of Melancholy," *Ince Barton, in his justifiable and horrible fo^owing un- Why do they decorate themselves the various colours of herbs, needlework* **tHi*lal lowers, quaint devices, and perfume their person, e*qui»ite skill, riches in precious stones, crown themselves 2SJ|,le*tin»able JJlver, use coronets and tiaras of various faat>< and themselves with pendants, bracelets, earrtnSon»» deck Strules, ping, rings, spangles, embroideries,v^us, rihad^s, versiccolor ribalds! Why do ihey^^ •Qch glaring shows with their scarfs, feathers, f*r,. ttasks. fuw, laces, tiffanies, ruffs, falls, calls, cuffs, da«n £ £ wn>, 'i**ets, cloth tl gold, silver tissue f Such setting up dav.nS'H' 'traitenlng with whalebone, why, it is but a. a AJJ catcheth L&rks, to make joung ones stoop unto theu. WhioK Vvn disappointed they dissolve into tears, With7*y *ipe away like sweat; weep with one eye, laugh together .° .r' or 88 children weep and cry, they can both ifig a« o«' au as n>u'<h pity is to be taken of a woman weep ol»«oos»going barefoot.
that marchi^?,?8 ^?Te from the Horse-guaras by militia slow time is no longer to be practised tuns iietetai? ie11. au that the only instruction in slow to iu recruit (WU. w
DEATH OF SIR JAMES SIMPSON. It is with deep regret that we announce the death of Sir James Yonng Sitiu H"D, B irt., Pro'"essor of Mid- wifery in the Edinburgh TJuivermty. aud discoverer of the &I-m-tbttieproper-iei of chlortf<>rm. This distinguished physician, who, it will be re- membered, was oil. of the wltuesSPR called to prove tbe insanity of Lady Mordaunt on the 16oh February last, died at Edinburgh, at ten minutes to eig* t o'et< ck on Friday nighf:, of disease of the heart. He halt been ill for about two months, one week seeming much better, and another worse. About three days previous to his decease, however, bis strength begaa rapidly to fail, aud 1 hou. h it was tioped that such an ornament to the medical profession might have been sj ared, he gradually ank, and has died in the 59 in year of his a je. The deceased, perhaps the most eminent man in tbe orofefisi<>n ae an obstetrician, was tne "on of Mr. Divia StfM son, of B ithgate, n-ar Edinhurgh, ai d Was horn in 1811. He was educated at the Ediu) uruhUniverbity, where he took his degree of M.D. in 1832. Hi began his professional life as asut*nt to the late Professor Thomson, and in the outset of his career displayed a strength and energy which ensured his rapid rise to eminence. In 1840 he was appointed Proftssor of Mid. wifery in the University of Edinburgh—a post which he continued to fill until his death. Seven years after his appointment he introduced chloroform into the practice of his profession, and since that peiiud he has demonstrated, as the result of long experience, the value and the safety of antithetic midwifery. In 1819, Dr. Simpson was elected President of the Edinburgh Royal College of Physicians in 1852, President of the Medical Chirurgical Society in the following year, under highly complimentary circumstances, Foreign Associate of the French Academy of Medicine. In 1856 the French Academy of Sciences awarded the Montyon Prize of 2,000f. to Dr. Simpson for the benefits which ne had conferred upon humanity through the intro. duction of anaesthesia by chloroform into the practice of surgery and midwifery. A few weeks earlier he re- ceived, on account of the same discovery, the knight- hood of the Royal Order of St. Olaff, from King Oscar of Sweden. His numerous professional writings deal- ing with those branches of medical science of which he was so great a master, have been translated into every European language, and are known in every civilized land. In January, 1866, when Lord Russell's Government was in power, the deceased physician was created Sir James Simpson, Baronet, of the City of Edinburgh and of Strathnavon, Linlithgowshire. In the same year the University of Oxford conferred upon him the honorary degree of D.C.L and at out the sime time he was appointed Physician Accoucheur to the Queen for Scotland. The list of honorary offices which he held in his native kingdom, and in the Academies of Medicine of France, Belgium, New York, Sweden, Egypt, Constantinople, Athens, Bohemia, Norway' Stockholm, Copenhagen, Ghent, Massachusetts, Lima' and Bombay, testify to the greatness of his intellect and to the splendour of his renown. Sir James was married in 1839 to Jessie, daughter of Mr. Walter Grindlay, of Liverpool, and his eldest our. viving son Walter succeeds to the title. A GREAT BSNiyACTOB SHOULD BE REMEMBERED. A correspondent throws out the following hint in The Tmt.e, Twenty-five years ago the operating theatre of an hospital was to the public a thing of indescribable drtad, while in private practice the approach of the surgeon with his instru- memts of torture struck terror into countless households. This dread is gone,—this terror is past. To one man we owe this great charge and unspeakable good. I well recollect Sir James Simpson, soon after the period I have named, coming to my house fresh from the amputation of the leg of a child, and describing how the little fellow had been thrown into a gentle slumber through the eftects of ether, the imme- diate precursor of chloroform; hof he was taken from his bed into an adjoining room, and how, on being replaced after the operation in his cot, the return of consciousness brought with it no knowledge of what he had undergone. Think," said Sir James, what the scene would have been without the blessed influence of ether." What ether then aid chloroform, with which the name of Simpson is Inseparably linked, has done and will, we may hope, in endless case* continue to do, but he through whose immediate agency this heaven-sent gift of freedom from pain in moments of otherwise terrible agony has thus been conferred on man is now no more. We have this day read the announcement of his death. A light has gone out of the world. Surely, then, some steps will be taken to mark the world's sense of his services and loss, for it is not his countrymen and countrywomen alone, but the whole human race that are his debtors. As a tribute to the memory of this truly great bene- factor of the human family, the Daily Telegraph, in » leader, says In K linburgh last week there died a man who was the greatest conqueror in human history. He did not fight with battHllons against battalions, his weapons were not cruel and deadly, and his foes was no guiltless people or helpless country, whose beauty and fertility were made its crimes. He waged his glorious war against our common enemY-hi- compassionate heart and ht. capacious brain were his arsenal and armoury, and his triumphs, instead of being bought by weeping and anguish, have stayed flood of tears, and pre- vented a world of agony. There are those who names are in themselves heraldry and when nine-tenths of the notorieties of our time are as much forgotten by the world as though they had never existed, "James Simpson must be known and held in loving recollection and honour by every nation of the earth, as one to whom humanity owes a debt so great that It can be paid only by ranking him for ever with the chief benefactors and noblest servants of the race. We are instructed that the last enemy" which shall be destroyed is death, albeit as yet that splendid promise is in- comprehensible. But death had an ally, bitter, mysterious, and merciless, which seemed equally invincible, and lent death halt its horrors, and cast upon life itself the shadow of an infinite fear. Fain stalked through the world with authority, apparently for ever and ever, to rack our nerves and torture our senses—there were times, it seemed, when all" ho live must be dflivered over to its tyranny. lathe slow developments of dlaease-inthe day of accident to the frame—in the operations of the surgeon's room and the hospital theatre—in the sufferings of childbirth—and all the many grievous ills that flesh is heir to—the alleviation. known were feeble and fleeting; the agony had been endured through all generations, and there was no sign that it would not be endured for all generations to come. Who can estimate the mass—the universe of preventible anguish endured through past ajzea while mankind waited for James Simpson ? Look at ihe«>ld picture* of the operating room • Look at th« cockpits of Nelson'* atalpa, where tbey used to plunfre the bleeding stumps of poor sailors- into boil- in* pl'ch to stay the hemorrhage During eighteen hundred Md forty-seven years from the birth of Christ, and ages before that birth, the earth had groaned in the presence of this In- scrutable Pain which couId not be avoided or greatly mitigated by any narcoti 's or anodynes, but wh'ch made the surgeon's knife more dreadful than death, and seemed, indeed, to confirm the doctrine that the other- wise beautiful proce.s of birth wis for ever coupled with a hideous curse. Then, after all those years the hour came and the man: James Simpson was one of the foremost pioneers in giving chloroform its widest and most essential application. The gain hu been priceless, and at that one pitiful word from Science, Pain, the despot, was dead. Aches, and hurts, and disease, indeed, remained; but the human race was no longer subject to indefinite agony -we were lords, and no longer slaves, of our mysterious capacity to endure. Nature had whispered her merciful secret into the ear of her loving votary, and thrice happy < o be her messenger, he told it joyously to us, wherefore half the fear and sorrow of mortal life was annihilated by the subtle liquid which he gave us. It is, of course, well known that James Simpson was not the actual inventor of the priceless gift. As is the case of all great discoveries, ingenious minds had preceded nim, and led up to the moment when the new blessing could be proclaimed for general use Sulphuric ether bad been already largely employed, and, If one is to go back to the first men- tion of ansssihetics, It appears, from a passage in the Odyssey, as If Homer knew that some such divine power existed in chemistry; for we find Helen, at the court 01 Menelaus, administering a wonderful drup, obtained from Egypt, which caused wounded and am cted men to forget their pain" But what the dead physician did was to take the wonderful gift from the hands of Science, experimentalise upon it personally, perceive its admirable qualities, and boldly declare the time arrived when, in a vast number of cases, pain should be placed under the control of the sufferer and of his attendants. Some day, we trust, a true account will be printed of those memorable evenings when Simpson, Waldie, and Keith sat together, in Edinburgh, inhaling the new anodyne, and inflicting benevo- lent pinches and pricks upon each other while the potent vapour "lulled the spirit in oblivion." Some day a worths painter, we trust, will preserve in noble colours that season of splendid experiment wherefrom resulted the bold an- nouncement which, at one word, dissociated the primal curse from childbirth, and went far to banish agony and horror from the operating room. "In sorrow shall she bring forth," had been written, and read like a sentence of dreadful meaning, against half-and the weakest half-of our ™«r. all the while Science was waiting to let us know T^! __e.r?ihy'g upon the «' tree of knowledge a fruit which fl>T „ 60 t"at doom. No mystery, nothing verj occult when r*rhn«°i!j £ bysician had once got it from the chemist—just lo 1 ? chlorine dexterously commingled; aud wftifB slumber through the keenest pangs, and » ditheI 3oy realised and her travail past by. The £ p^ n t° whom a choice was offered between the ♦1? wnl the grave, might fearlessly commit himself to the skill of the good surgeon, and before the dreacful instruments were bared, his spirit lay bathed in the gentle sleep of chloroform, and returned to find pain past like a dream and healthy life given back to him. Yet there were those who opposed the benignant gift on the ground—the monstrous ground — that God had appointed pain to be our heritage. Blind propagandists of the fetish faltbs which once sacrificed children to ttoloc h, an cut and burned the body to please the gods, such men for- bade the new blessing to humanity, and would have had mothers bear still the curse, and men writhe always under the saw and amputating scalpel. The gentle disposition of James Simpson used to lose its patience a little when he spoke of those strange Christians, but he has lived to see his labours to thoroughly accepted that no single day passed when thousands of sufferers throughout the earth did not owe to him life, or at least a blessed manumission from its anguish. Now he is dead—the brilliant Scotch doctor, with the large head which held such a glorious brain, and the lion- Wte locks which covered it. It is part of the mystery of things that he was killed by angina pectoris-tbe breast- Pang, which is perhaps the very keenest agony that can be borae by mortal man, at least during Its paroxysm*. Never- theless, on his death-bed his own beneficent anc-ithetic greatly assuaged his sufferings, realising that Eastern legend which says that the good deeds of a man gather round him in the shape of angels, aid make his dissolution easy. The Urne will doubtless come when chloroform as an anodyne will be replaced by more perfect methods of abolishing pain. in its practical working it canses a reaction which is not de- slrable and tiie art of healing is seeking a better antei- thetic by the aid of many gifted experimentalists, like yr- -Richardson and others, who inherit the mantle of the dead philosopher. Already in nitrous oxide, ether spray, aud chloral, medicine possesses developments of the branch cf inquiry which have new and most valuable properties; and it may be hoped that pain will some day be permitted to exist only as a mere useful index or momentary monitor. But if ever we shoul I thus pass wholly out of the gum region of physical suffering in which we are already no longer prisoners without hope or remedy, the name of this 'good phyBieian" must stand first upon tbe roll of our de- liverers To him, as the brave and ardentrflUsionary ofchloro- form will always be awarded the chief merit for first announcing the fact that pain. like all other evil, endures only by reason of our ignorance, and is controllable by our better knowledge. And as the process of time allots to this beautiful life Its proper historical lustre, and makes it clear how great a benefactor we of this century have had dwelling among us, 'will seem a noble aud glorious destiny to have been thus chosen from amongst meu to banish pain, and to have lived and died the personal friend of every human creature, present and to come.
AN EVANGELICAL SISTERHOOD. (From the Daily Neva.) h*8 risen up which calls for inquiry and—if lm(ti»fS1and P'actice are as sound as they seem—for MerfvT°i?v v con*l4ts of nuns without vows; Sisters of garb »Ztr°i neither crucifix, rosary, ner conventual soothing 9j ft-otestants who make nursing the sick and without t. dyin& the business of theli- lives, and who work f/elical pee or hopA of temporal reward. But tne Evnn- pitat" is Deaconesses Institute and Training Hot- 1 too much of it to which exception roUlot be taken. There is It is well enonVh t lt ba* a cumbrous and misleading sound. deaconess ouiv ~say wlth tho directors of the society that the Church existed int^* Benrant, and that such servants of wards during the times of the Apostles, and after- may be conceded too 0< the Christian era. It "is an unworthy form of opposition. But more practical ob- jections exist. the experiment, though well-tried and proved in Germany, and in those parts of the Continent to which Germany has sent members of her Protestant ustt-rhood, is nf'W to Eitglanrt, and the mere phrase desconees may prove a stumbling No.-k en the threshold to many worthy people, "ho w>'iisd be other •vUe willing to give it the suhsta'itiMi aid it deserves. There is much in a name, all-I this cllim,y con- junction of polysyllables is both redundant and obscure. Nor can we compliment the authlJrities of the association u:.ou their mode of exphduing its objects and advantages to the ooter world. The acting uirectorof the Hospital aud In- stitute, whose single-minded enthusiasm is beyond praise, Is a German physician, but his eight co-rustees are Ellglish- men, as are lii3 edow-membersuf the council. We put it to these gentlemen whether they 0116ht not among them, and as a matter of duty, to see that a report Issued under the authority of ten names fulfils i s purpose more thoroughly than the production before us. We say nothing < f errors in spelling, of sentences itinoceut of gramuntr, or of such tniaccountab.e complexities as "theobiect proposed has the appearance that itmunt tetd u. Oor grievance Is, that gre*t opportunity for us (illness is thrown away, and that by supprMMng or ignoring such intensely interesting narraiives and statements as we huard on Saturday neither the Sisterhood nor its objects have Mr pliy. Let the reooit be re-edited and ampti&La, anit let a wide publicity be given to the history, the worktntr, and the benefits of this most interesting institution, aud good must iottow. MeanwhHe, we will do our part by describing what was to be seen at ts Becond annual meeting en Saturday afternoon. A pleasant, old-fashioned mansion, situated at the corner of the Green, at Tettenhaai. wss receiving company. Car- riages were setting down, liveried retainers lounged about its gates, glimpses of a pretty and spacious garden, with a large roarquee in its centre, could be seen through its open door. Within, names were being entered in the visitors book, and gay dresses and happy-looking people were soon promenading the soft sward beyond, chatting over the pros- pects of the institution with Dr. Laseron, its director; learn- ing that one of the Sisterhood married last year, and that seventeen were now in training, and a proportion of them ready at a moment's notice to go out as nurses to the sick wherever and whenever the occasion arose. This is the great aim and object of the Sisterhood. Good nursing is one of the crying wants of the day, and the private family upon whom the calamity of disease has fallen, or the hospital anxious to place its wards under re- sponsible nurses, have but to put themselves into communi- cation with Dr. Laseron to learn the nature and extent of the assistance he can furnish them. So far, there is nothing absolutely new. The good ladies who have the entire charge of the wards of the London University Hospital, and whose annual treat, when a Christmas-tree is hung with presents for the patients, makes one of the most interesting evenings in the London year; the Sisters who devote themselves to such places as the Newport Market Refuge and the excellent Home of Charity in 3oho, have accustomed us to the fact of Englishwomen, gently born and nurtured, giving up their lives to good works. Those ladies, however, are all supposed to be of the High Cnurch party. One at least of the Sisters "t the Newport Market Refuge has left it to join the Church of Rome, while the special characteristics of the Evangelical deaconesses is that they are Protestants among Protestants. The whole tone of Saturday's gathering showed this. Mr. Samuel Morley, M.P., presided and was supported by Mr. John Morley. the munificent donor of the Society's freehold land and house Mr. George Moore, the Reverend Thomas Binney. and others, While the ministers of various denominations, who spoke in commendation of Dr. Laseron and his scheme, all testinedto the pure Evangelicism of their doctrines. Luther and Calvin, the Reformation, and the Christian Church, in the largest sense of the words, were all honoured, and those who shrink from the word deaconess, and scent in it Popery in disguise, might do worse than make a journey to Tottenham-green, there to test bow thoroughly and essentially Protestant are the principles inculcated and acted on. Mr Samuel Morley described the institution as a re action from the stern iconoc- lastic spirit which would have none of the things of Roman Catholicism good er had, ani which in its eagerness to put down monasteries and convents, had lost sight of the good and holy piiuciple which those much abused institutions cliimed to foster. The tendency of modern legislation was, he said, to sever the care of the poor too exclusively from religion, and to make of it a dry and hard obligation like the payment of taxes and ra'es. The Evangelical sisterhood unite the octrines of Protestantism with the exercise of practical charity and its members look like so many Dimh Morrises jeady and eager to do battle with the evils of thiot life. There is nothing secret about the institution. It may be visited rreelV' and if, as was suggested on Saturday, Mr. Newdegate's wishes become law, there is no establishment where the commissioners of inquiry will be more warmly welcomed than at Tottenham-green. The association is primarily a voluntary one of Christian women, united for the performance of works of active benevolence, and has in connection with it a free hospital for the sick poor, and an industrial home for orphan girls. It is intended to comprise members from all ranks of society, and that "neither wealth nor povertv should form a barrier to admission of the sisterhood." Its original prospectus explained that it would comprise persons belonging to various branches of the Church of Christ, provided they all hold evangelical truth and are willing to partake of the Lord's Supper in common." Can- didates must bring a satisfactory recommendation from the pastor of the Church to which they beloi g, and a medical certificate that they are in good health. If approved by the director and the counctl, they are received as probationary sisters for twelve months or longer. After this probation, they are solemnly set apart for their calling, aud are ex- pected to remain in it, though it must be sgain distinctly un- derstood that no vows are made. The deaconess has to de- clare, however, that she has formed no engagement for mar- riage, and will not form one without consulting the managers of the institution she has joined. That this obligation does not operate very severely seems proved by the recent mar- riage of a deacontss while tt.e costumes of the sisters, though plain, do not imply any severe renunciation of the world. Brown or chocolate stuff dresses, with neat white aprons and caps, cheerful, smiling, young faces, bright eyes, and a quiet intelligence, which Is very apoarent, are the im pressions left by the Sisterhood, the majority of whom are yourg. and, if we may say so, pretty. Among the salutary rules they are called on to observe is to ask no questions as to the limit or extent of the private means of any Sister or Probationary Sister, and to refrain from trying to influence one another in the disposal of any private means They must before admission promise to be content with the simple maintenance provided for all the deaconesses, and they are Dot allowed to make any large donation to the funds of the institute without consulting •' their natural friends or legiti- mate advisers." The rules to be observed by and to the sisters who nurse in private families have been well considered. The sister's duty is to nurse, wash, and tend her patient, and to follow out con- scientiously every direction of the doctor. If absolutely neceisary she will also undertake to keep in order and clean- liness the patient's room, and she is to take all her meals either with the patient or in an adjoining ch*mher. When the sister has been watching during the night she must be allowed five hours sleep in a room to herself next <1a1; she in not permitted to watch more frequently than every second night, and when the watching is required f)r more than a fortnight, not more than every third night No charge, is made for her services and she is not allowed to accept presents either from patients or their relations or friends If, however, It be desired to make a thank offedug to the insti- tution the is permitted to receive it, and to hand it over to the director on her return, which must be directly the p itient recovers or in case of death. Such are briefly the couditions RP^er which the Erstig«lical Sisterhood serve, and on which their assistance can be obtained. It was pleasant to hear the Rev. Thomas Binney relate how a few months since he had driven down to Tottenham for a nurse, suddenly and sorely needed by a near relative, and °,w, kad been supplied immediately whose skilled and lntell gent nursing would always be remembered with grati- tude pleasant to know from those. with a wide experience of the working of kindred institutions iu ProUstaut Ger- many of the bl-astng they have proved; pleasant to learn from people who had "agreed to diaor" on many points of Bititi.t SCrtnne„T" Q'^kers, Presnyterians, Methodists, hrnL^ Churchmen—that ttiey regarded this as a the MrtS"?0" ground on which they could meet with Deat«d 1™ g00d- Tbis iaw «eutiment was re- until th« *P?akers and in different forms inspect 7*°™ and tlle company were invited to S TWs i» a new building, with ward, sisters nurse^ere^mn **ntHated, cheerful, and light. The valuable tn the knowledge which is »o in- has an the care of the sick. The building buttons and is 18 *uPPorted by voluntary contri- to say saveYhat Hif lree" Concerning it we have' nothing seems unexcentw ^.aua««ment and internal arrangements chUdren from wh^h16- So with the 0rPhan Home, the in the grounds Tero *uPPlied with bunt and milk n son^ and n'^L "/tea their sweet ?< Tolc« and the nmvj^r tbe intervals between the speeches what we h/d Either of these institutions were and we shall contT d°W?1 8pecl^il,y to,. investigate, twelve short VB«^?ourselves with recording that in from one room rentL J tone ,ast named has expanded blishment ln whiM^io* ee Bhuuns» a week into an esta- having rasged school, I pe?p,e are f8d and clothed, and the Protestant n«.L„ SuilQ«y schools, soup kitchens, and with it. But wh«?h In*titute aud Hospital connected of feeling and faith viewed as an exceptional development of human sufferW«ir M a strenuous effort, tor the alleviation of buman luftering h Will be readily admitted that the new iriou0 aod 4tt«ntion from all interested in the reli- fxperiment it u untr,°Pic movements of our day. A. an tion, drilling and m >l.,or 14 claim» to unite the organlsa- and toleration of tw £ ery °' Catholicism with the pmity -Reformed faith.
On the subject of cruel hoaxes, a Liverpool paper saY8 trXrtS? Se^us^now ve&^atcht?Pu?)Uc .that ocean bottle v,„. cruel icikea. TK„ tlve in playing their senseless live ashore, and have ajmo8t#lnvaT,ably «o that the blnnril. reaI knowledge of nautical ^r^needl^ Their molfJ8 y fall into detect them refrelXgtosome^e?0^^ £ .5?from"he made into a nine days'wonder P by SOme passer-by' and
-====- GARDENING OPERATIONS FOR THE WEEK. (-From the Gardener's Magazine.) tAD CMellent weekly journal, containiJl; much valuable information for amateur and proSLla Drofewoual gardeam.) KITCHEN GARLillir, Sow a few Kidney Beans in pots, to make good any that mis. in the rowØ, Sow also in pots or pans sufficient seed of Scarlet.Runners for a first planting, to give an early supply. They will be a tortnight earlier in "fruit than those sown in the open ground. In cutting Asparagus, take only the strongest shoots. Give plenty of water and weak. liquid manure. Trans- planta-om seed-beds as faat as the young plants get at all thick, and twe lve hoe wherever weeds appear, so as to ketp them down, before they have time to flower. Plant out Capsicums and Tomatoes at the foot of a wall with a south aspect, and cover with hand-light* or glasses until all dangtr from frost is past. Sprinkle iloot over the ground, and hoe it a few days afterwards. Sow Broad Beans, Peas, Radish, Celery, Borecole, Beet, Lettuce, small Salads, Spinach, Turnips, Carrots, Endive, and Cucumbers for planting out on ridges early in J one, FRUIT GARDEN. Plums and Pears, and, indeed, all bush and pyramid fruits, will want pinching in to the third or fourth leaf from the ba^e. Where large crops of frrit are set, thin severely, bnt not all at once, as the more fruit the poorer it-t quality will be. Where the garden 1* ex- poped to the east, newly-planted trees should be safely st.-ike.d, and the ground be liberally mulched about t.her roots. Protec'ion is still needful on fruit-walls, but at the first change to wes-t-rly winds it may be re- moved. Meantime let the trees have air as much as possible. FLOWER GARDEN. Few people really cultivate annuals. Thin out the patches and top the branching kinds, and they will bloom so vi, ,rolulv as to be altogether unlike the crowded spindling things on which peeple vent their abuse. Late-planted Roses should have plenty of water, and the surface tnuiched, and similar treatment given t) Hollyhocks and Chrysanthemums put out last mouth. Part and plant Polyanthuses and Primroses that have done blooming, and pve them a rich loam and a shady aspect. Whfre it is intended to have new gravel, it would be advisable to defer it till the beds are filled, and the whole garden acquiiitg its full summer gaiety a coaling of fre«h gravel then will add much to its fresh and brght appearance. Roll and mow grass- turf frequently, to promote a fine close growth. Any watering of plants in the open ground should be done in the morning now, as the nights are often very cold. FORCING. Pints to be shaded as little as possible, except those lately potted. Give plenty of air and plenty of water. Ke-P a brisk heat to succession plantb. Vines. -The various attentions requisite as to assisting growth, bloom, and fruit, as vines begin their seasonal work, have been described at some length in calendarial notices during the past two months, and we refer readers to the various notices, requesting them to apply to their own particular cases the instructions given. Peaches and Nectarines to be liberally supplied with water, plenty of air, and full SUD. Strong shoots to be pinched in; useful shoots to be tied in. Keep a watch- ful eye as to the furnishing of the lower parts of the trees if they are allowed to make gross shoots high up, they will get bare at bottom, and it is always a sign of a careless or unskilful cultivator when the trees are irregularly furnished. Figs. —In early houses there is much fruit ripening now, and the syringe must ba used with caution but it must not be dispensed with altogether, because cf the liability to red-spider. Care must be taken there- fore, especially a?, though there may be much nearly ripe fruit in the house, there will also be much inmature fruit needing assistance. Melons ust planted must be kept close and warm till the roots get to work, and then a short-jointed growth should be encouraged by moderate ventilation and abundance of light. Cucumbers in Frames will require plenty of air and a brisk bottom-heat. Reline the beds where necessary, Train and thin the shoots. After lining, give plenty of water round the insides of the frames. Sow seed or strike cuttings for succession. PLANT-HOUSES. Conservatory and Greenhouse.—Carry out previous directions, and clear the latter structure more par- ticularly of all bedding and soft-wooded stuff going out of bloom, to give more valuable subjects room to develope themselves and get plenty of a.r. Stove.—Plants recently potted to be kept on a good bottom heat. Shift on all fast-growing plants. As fast as plants come into bloom, remove them to a cooler atmosphere. Whatever can be propagated now will be better done than in autumn, as the young plants will have a long growing season before them to fill their pots with roots. Therefore buy in any new varieties of choice subjects which it may be desirable to propagate from. This is the beat time to propagate a supply ot Begonias, Euphorbias, Justicias, Poinsettias, and other quick-growing soft-wooded plants for dis- play during the winter. Specimen plants to be assisted with manure water, and the shoots to be stopped of all shrubby and branching kinds. Justicias especially should be freely grown now, to get the wood well ripened for a good bloom at the turn of the year. riiose out of bloom t) be potted in peat, rotten dung, and fibry loam equal parts. Orchid-hou,e.-In the Indian and Mexican houses abundant moisture and a liberal temperature may be allowed. By far the greater number of the most valued IIptICleS derive their chief subsistence from the atmos- phere, hence frequent sprinkling of the paths and stages should be practised. Where there are large plants needing abundance of atmospheric moisture, the walls and tables near them should be drenched frequently, and the tanks should be kept full This treatment will be most needed by Saccolabiums, Vandas, Phalsenopsis, Dendrobiums. and Aerides, which make little progress unless liberally treated. Manage, however, to get the houses rather dry once a day by means of ventilation. go as by shutting upand watering to imitate the natural deposition of dew of the jungles, from which these plants come. When syringing, use a very fine rose, to cause the water to fall in a shower. Plants on blocks must be dipped twice a day. Plants recently potted mu-t be kept alive chiefly by means of atmospheric moisture until established, when they may be subjected to dipping. THAMES. Encourage Liliums for the autumn with liquid manure if the pots are full of roots; Stand them out of doors in a cool shady place. Treat Agapanthus and Eucomis in the same way. These are all invaluable for the autumn, but it ruins them to be kept stifled up indoors during the heat of the summer. Bedders must have all the air possible to thoroughly harden them indeed, those not in cradles must have thelights drawn off night and day when no danger from frost is appre- hended. THE WINDOW GARDEN. I strongly recommend all who cultivate plants in windows to procure a box to just fit the window nicely, and let it be sufficiently deep and broad, so as to hold a good quantity of mould. Makers of window-boxes generally make them by far too shallow, and also not wide enough in fact, in most casea scarcely wide enough to hold two rows of plants. This is a mistake, and should be avoided. Instead of ordering a box just the width of the window-sill, as is generally done have it the whole width from the frame of the window above the sill, and let it project even two inches beyond it. The box can be very easily kept in its place by brackets fixed by the side of the window and having for its bearing the stone sill; J*hidst a nail driven in the window-fr<une through the bracket keeps all ia its place. These brackets will keep the bottom of the box from rotting, and will also ensure the ready escape of the watt r. The boxes can be made of any materials, according to the wishes and means of each individual; but where wood is used a nice effect may be produced by the front of the same being faced with Minton's tiles; they are by no means very expensive, and they last so long, and look so clean, that where they are come-at able I should urge their being used. The advantage of growing plants in boxes for window decoration over pots cannot be over. estimated. When the plants are grown in pots, all will, perhaps, go well until the hot days 01 June, when a few days' hot sun playing on the sides will completely scorch the roots, and in a few days the leaves of the plants will turn from a bright gTeen to a dull brown colour. A box remedies evU, for any plant growing in a pot can be easily plunged in the box, and the roots protected from the hot sun. MANAGEMENT OF A WINDOW GAKDlN. A box in the early spring months can be made to look quite cheerful and gay with such plants as the Dwarf German Wallflower for a background. some com- pact tufts of the white Iberis or Candytuft, also the Yedow Alyssum, with a few Anemones for a second row and near the edge a few clumps of Avbrietva Campbeui, mixed with a few Scillas, Snowdrops, and Crocuses. These, with a Hyacinth or two dotted in the centre of the box, will keep it gay until the time arrives for planting the usual summer plants. As the spring plants go out of flower, they should be removed from the box and planted in a partially-shaded part of the garden, where they will grow during the summer, and can be used again for the window the following spring. In filling a window-box for the summer, much depends on the arrangement of what may be termed the lrame- work of the box, as well as the arrangement of the flowers, which may be termed the picture. I saw some window-boxes laat summer that were admired by hundreds of passers-by. The boxes were placed in front of some windows, and had an iron palisade or fence behind them. Planted here and there in the box were Ivy-leaf Geraniums and Tropceolum Ball of Fire, and then trained to the iron-work, so as to completely furnish it, and very nearly hide the boxes as well. These plants were allowed to grow and bloom naturally and during the principal part of the summer they were one mass of scarlet and white. The body of the boxes was planted with Geraniums of all kinds, those belonging to the nosegay section predominating; Fuchsias, with the branches encouraged to grow through the iron fence, and their long, graceful, pendulous shoots, had a pecu- liarly beautiful effect; Yellow Calceolarias, Blue Lobelias, Verbenas, and, for the sake of the foliage, Oak-leaf Geraniums, which flowered freely. In addi- tion to the other plants, Climbws were planted at the ends of the boxes by the wall of the house, and trained up the sides of the windows on wires fixed for the purpose. They consisted of a plant; at each end of the Ever green Passion-flower, of Coboea scandens, and Lophospermum scandens, which grew rapidly and bloomed abundantly. These latter, after being trained around the frame of the window, were allowed to hang in graceful festoons down in front of the window, which screened the room from the direct rays of the sun, and at the same time gave it a fresh and cool appearance. These climbing plants can be used and trained in a similar manner in the most humble cottage windows, and will produce the same effect as those in the mansion.
A HINT THAT MIGHT BE ACTED UPON. The following letter, headed "Value of Irish Land," appeared in Tuesday's Times: Sir,—WiH you allow an Irish country gentleman to call attention, through your columns, to a fact in his own recent experience, which painfully reveals the state of mistrust and uncertainty now existing in connexion with the landed interest in this country ? I am the possessor of a beautiful and valuable fee-simile estate in one of the most civilized counties in Ireland (Kil- dare). Its extent Is nearly 6,000 acres, its rental between £4,000 and £ 6 000 a year. The rents are punctually paid, the neighbourhood good, and the estate only requires a manor- house (there being already a fine wooded park) to make it perfect as a gentleman's residence. Yet, when this estate was brought to the hammer this week in Dublin I was unable to sell it at a price which would at once yield the purchaser 41 per cent. for the vestment of his capital, with the rprofpect of receiving 5 per eent. on the falling in of some old leases. Notwithstanding all its attractions, the estate remains on my hands, because it is in Ireland, where all things are In a state of transition far too much prolonged, and where suspense and mistrust are paralysing business and destroying oonfldence, to the injury of public and private interests. I entirtly approve the recent measures of Government, as affecting this country; and I feel convinced that after the passing of those at present under discussion, Ireland will revve from Its depressed and perplexed condition, property will recover its value, and confluence aud good feeling will prevail among us. Nothillir, in my opinion, would so tend to render perma- nent this much-desired result as the gran ing of vote by ballot, and the annual sojourn in this country of Her Majesty or some member of the .Royal family. r All that is needed to excite the natural loyalty of the Irish people is the presence of ita lawful object; ana every Irish man feel: aggrieved that his country may not share, equally with Scotland, the honour aid benefit of the Sovereign's per- sonal rule and presence, This would go far to quell dis- affection and I ardently hope, in common with my country- men, to see thfl wise and prudent measures of Parliament crowned by one gracious act on the Sovereign's part, the purchase or acceptance of a residence in Ireland. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, „ JOHN LA TOUCHE. Harnstow, Newbridge, County Kildare, Ireland, May 7.
FATAL COLLISION AT SEA. A very fearful collision occurred in the North Sea on Friday night, by which eight lives were sacrificed. It appears that the fcrew steamer Jesmonrl, under the command of Captain Whitelaw, left London last Thursday in ballast for the Tyne, She proceeded all nenit on her vtay until about balf.pa.st ten o'ch ek on Friday night, when, Huntcliffe Foot on the Yorkshire coast bearing S. by E. £ E, at a distance of eight miles, a hdt"n .crew steamer, which afterward? proved to be the Earl of Elgin, which had left Sunderland that evening', coal laden, bound for Bordeaux, was observed right ahead. Those whose watch it was aboard the Jismond, seeing the vessels rapidly approaching each other, at once ported the helm and ordered the engines to be stopped. By this time, however, the position of the steamers was such that a collision was inevitable, and almost immediately the two ships came together The collision was very violent, and bad the effect of hohng the bows of the Jfsmond. The damage sustained by the Earl of Elgin was, however, still more serious, as she was struck amidships and nearly cut in two. At the time of the collision the ma- jority of the persons on board the steamers were below and in bed, and on the blow being struck they at once rushed on deck, and a scene of the greatest ex- citement was occ isioned. This was especially the case on board the Earl of Elgin, on which the sea was rapidly gaining. What rendered the excitement still greater was the fact that amonsr the occupants of the latter steamer were three ladies—viz., the daughter of the captain, the wife of the chief mate, and the wife of a captain of a vessel belonging to Sunderland, who was proceeding to Bordeaux to meet her husband. The captain and crew of the Jesmond, on seeing the position of the Earl of Elgin, at once exerted themselves to the utmost in rendering assistance. Ropes and lifebuoys were thrown over the sides, and two boats efficiently manned were launched. By thiB time the Earl of Elgin was rapidly sinking, and the majority of those belonging to her were struggling in the water. The scene was most heartrending. Through great efforts, seven of the crew of the Earl of Elgin were saved by means of ropes and lifebuoys, and five other persons, among whom was the captain, were rescued by means of the boats. Those who went off in the boats state that they distinctly saw some of the women and men go down, but were unable to reach them. The Earl of Elgin quickly sank. The captain of the Jesmond remained near the spot until half-past one o'clock onfi iturday morning in the hope of picking up some of the persons, but without effect. He then steamed for the Tyne, and arrived in Shields harbour between four and five o'clock on Saturday morning, when the Jesmond was moored alongside Messrs. Smith's quay, North Shields. The following persons belonging to the Earl of Elain are lostThomas Wilkinson, chief engineer; William Salla^ank, chief mate Charles Kent, fireman Frederick Woolkesley, seaman George Bolton, seaman Miss Hamand, the daughter of the captain; and a fema'e passenger. The following is an account given by one of the survivors of the crew of the Earl of Elgin. We left Sunderland a few minutes before eight o'clock on i f "1 « Wf until very near to Whitby, about eight miles off the land, when a steamer's mast-head light was seen on the starboard bow and a short time after the toby a steamer, which afterwards ™ 7 ✓ Ji. Jesmond, of Shie ds. She struck the Earl'ofEZff1"' <«"'the starbowd side, right amidships, going nearly halt through the vessel, when immediately the sea came in, and in a very few minutes the vessel sank. The alarm havmg been given that the reMel was sinking, confusion reigned for some time, and in attempting to get out the jolly. boatitwM capsized, by which one poor lellow was drowned. The captain had a child with him, a girl seven years of are. The e,on board, and there was also a female psssenzer, the wife Gf another captain. It was then dis- covered that the starboard lifeboat had been stove in the ?hJInto on,y one boat left for the whole of the crew, lotothis the master (who was the last to leave the vessel) got, with hh daughter ia his arms, accompanied by a female pas e ger, but what became of them until the master was picked up ,u the water, very much exhausted, is .lot known, a ough it is stated that the captain had the child arnw when he sank down exhausted. There was a general rush to the boat; some ran up the mast, and some er' makinS *or the side of the Jesmond, by.which three or four of them were saved. The remainder were pi^k d[up by the Jesmond's boat's crew, with the excep- tion of five men, the two women, and the child, who went down with the sinkiDg Tes8e( When taken on the i ShL^ereutreated with the neatest kindness, and landed at shields about six o'clock on Saturday morning.
DEATH OF A LADY BY ACCIDENTAL POISONING. On Saturday afternoon, Mr. Weedon, coroner, held an In- quest at the Reading-room, Shaw, near Newbury, on the bodv of Frances Everett, aged 47 years, wife of the Rev. G. F. Jsverett, vicar of Shaw, whose death occurred on the previous day under the distressing circumstances given below. The evidence taken showed that deceased was a lady of a cheerful temperament, and generally enjoyed good health. For the past fortnight or three weeks, how- ever, she had suffered intensely from toothache, and had used mustard poultices and other remedies for alleviating the pain. She retired to her bedroom at the usual hour on Thursday night, and at about two o'clock in the morning she rushed up stairs, and called Elizabeth Clayton, the cook, exclaiming, C--t up, I have t *ken some laudanum in mistake, instead of tal volatile." She then returned to her room, and the cook sent for Dr. Palmer who had attended de- ceased and her family for upwards of twenty years. Dr. Palmer was in prompt attendance, and found her in an insensible condition. He examined the apartments, and found on a small table a basin containing a decayed tooth and some blood, from which it appeared that Mrs. Everett had extracted it herself after retiring to her room. On another table was a bottle marked" poison" and "laudanum." It was empty, but apparently had contained about 2 drs. There was also another bottle that had contained chloroform, and a third labelled sal vola.ile. There was in addition to these a tumbler with a sponge which smelt strongly cf laudanum. On a chair by thebedaide was some medicated wool, which was Wet and smelt of laudanum. Deceased frtq uently tooksai volatile while suffering from toothache, and she had spoken of adopt. ing the advice of a friend, by using laudanum on wool outwardly to lessen the pain. Dr. Palmer, with the assistance of Dr. Binny, of Newbury, used the stomach- pump, and other remedies, and for a short time the patient rallied but she afterwards became convulsed, and exoired between 10 and 11 o'clock en Friday morn- 1D?" ax'- *mer said 2 drachmas of laudanum were not sufficient to produce a fatal result: but if, as he supposed was the case, Mrs. Everett inadvertently mixed laudanum with the chloroform, and took it instead of sal volatile, it would be quite enough to cause death. The jury returned a verdict of accidental death.
A WOMAN MAY BE APPOINTED OVERSEER. In the Bail Court, in London, in the canse of ex parte Mrs. Gold," Mr. Manisty, Q C., applied for a rule calling upon the Justices of Montgomeryshire to show cause why a certiorari should not issue directing them to bring up the order for the appointment of Mrs. Gold as an overseer of a parish, in order that it might be quashed. Mrs. Gold was a lady upwards of sixty years of age. She was the widow of General Gold. and was the proprietress of large landed pro- perty. The justices had appointed Mrs. Gold and three gentlemen to be overseers for the present year. She applied for the certiorari on the ground that there were upwards of fifty men in the parish who were competent and qualified to serve the office of overseer. Although a woman was liable to serve, still he sub- mitted that it was only in cases of necessity that the justices would be justified in appointing a woman. The only case he could find was one where the order was confirmed upon the ground that there was a necessity for the appointment. Mr. Justice Lush was of opinion that there ought not to be a rule. It had been long settled that a woman might be appointed to the office of overseer, and he doubted whether there was any power in the Court to interfere.—Rule refused.
THE LATE MARQUIS OF CHOLMONDELEY. We have to announce the death of one of the oldest members of the House of Peers—the Marquis of Cholmondeley, the joint Hereditary Great Chamber. lam of England. „ ^OSj ^°ble George Horatio Cholmondeley* fifth Earl and second Marquis of Cholmondeley, Earl of Rocks&vage, Baron Cholmondeley, of Namptwicb, in the county palatine of Chester, and Barom New- hurgb, of the Isle of Anglesey, all in the Peerage of Great Britain—viscount Cholmondeley and Baron Newburgh, of Kells, in the county of Meath, in the Peerage of Ireland—was born at Paris on the 16th of January, 1792. He was the elder of the two sons of George James, fourth Earl and first Marquis of Cholmondeley, K.G., by Lady Georgina Charlotte, second daughter and co-heir (with her sister, the la.te Baroness Willoughby d'Eresby) of Peregrine, third duke of Anca.ster, --a title now extinct. He was educated at E on, where he was a contem- porary of Percy Bvsshe Shelley, the poet, the late Mr. Justice Patteson, Mr. Justice Coleridge, and the late Marquis of Salisbury. He sat in the Lower House of Parliament, while bearing the courtesy title of Lord R jcksavage, as member for the since disfranchised pocket-borough of Castle Rising, from "1818 to 1821, when he was called to the Upper House by summons, in his father's Barony of Newburgh. He succeeded to the family honours and estates in Cheshire and in Ire- land in April, 1827s and on the death of his falher, who had held the office of Lord Steward of the Household under the R^ency, and had been advanced to the coronet of a Marquis in 1815. If1 Lord Cholmondeley never took a prominent part in the proceedings of the House of Peers, being content for the most part to vote by proxy, and leaving that proxy in the hands of the Conservative leaders. was a liberal supporter of most of the religious societies of the kingdom; and he took a far greater pride and pleasure in aiding thegoodworksof others in this direc- tion by his purse and counsel than in mixing in the world of politics, for which his retiring nature but little fitted him. His Lordehip, who was a magistrate for Norfolk, and Vice-Admiral of Cheshire, was sworn a Privy Councillor in 1830. He spent the greater part of his time at his seats in Cheshire and Norfolk, im- proving his estates by the appliances of scientific agriculture and the condition of his tenantry by sanitary improvements. He was twice married; first in October, 1812, to Miss Caroline CampbelL daughter of the late General Colin Campbell, who died about three year* afterwards; and, secondly, in May, 1830, to Lady Susan Somerset, fourth daughter of Henry Charles, sixth Duke of Beaufort. As, however, he had no issue by either marriage, the title and estates pass to his brother, Lord William Henry Hugh Cholmon- deley, better known as Lord Henry Cholmondeley, who was bi rn in August, 1800, and married in Frb- ruary, 1825, Marcia Emma Georgiana, daughter of the late Right Hon. Charles Arbuthnott, by whom he haa issue three daughters and two sons, of whom the elder died in 1869. The noble house of Cholmondeley claims descent in the female line from Hugh, Baron of Malpas, who owned the estate of Cholmondeley at the time of Doomsday survey, and whose daughter and heire-s, Lettice, carried that property into tho family of De Belward, one of whom, on taking up his residence at C aolmon'leley, a'sumed that nam-: in lieu of bis own. and from him the Cholmoudeleys can boast an unbroken m )ole r'e^oenti f between 500 and 600 years. His descendant, Sir Hugh Cholmondeley. was a distinguished soldier in tt;e reign of Henry VIII. and this gentleman* grand- son was created a baron in 1611, and subsequently a Peer both of Ireland and of yngland. His great nephew, Hugh, Viscount Oholmondely, of Kells, county Meath, was advanced in 17CG to the Earldom, with remainder to his brother George, who commanded the Grenadier Guards under King William at the battle of the Boyne, and who was the great-great- grandfather of the nobleman just deceased.
CUTTINGS FROM AMERICAN PAPERS. A Nova Scotia paper sounds the alarm against the Yankee fishermen, and declares that the axe is at the root of our fisheries." A S in Francisco paper, .inclines to publish parti- culars of three murders, as there was nothing novel or original about the modes of death." A Wisconsin farmer sues for a divorce on the ground that his wife can't ch >p the amount of wood that she boasted about previous to marriage. An American newspaper recently had au "argu ment with a contemporary, disclaiming personality, and after giving an extract, said it forebore to say that the quota- tion revealed the manners of a blackguard, the veracity of a champion liar, and the morals of a thief." Sl. Louis policemen, going on beat at night, are served with strychnined beef sandwiches for poisoning dogs. A newly-appointed policeman mistook his for a lunch the other night. There is a vacancy in the police force. ——
EPITOME OF NEWS )1 BRITISH AND FOREIGN, The Time1 advocates the abolition cf the bounty sys- tem on enlistment. Relapsing fever has so steadily declined in the metro- polis that one of the wards in the temporary hospital at Hampstead has been entirely closed. The number of ladies at present studying at Zurich is fourteen, twelve of whom attend medical and two philo- sophical lectures. Lord and Lady Muncaster have arrived in London, and are the guests ot Mr. Horeman, in Richmond-terrace, WhitehalL The Charivari publishes a woodcut representing two peasants interrogating the Mayor of the vi lage as to What is a piebi< cite!" The answer is, It is a Ljitui word which sigtiifl-s Yes." Nearly 250 persons have been left homeless, all the furniture and otock of their houses and shcp3 being almost totally destroyed, by the recent Are at Broadclist, Devon- shire. The Chicago Fenian Congress has issued an address announcing the removal of the central office to Philadelphia* protesting against their treatment in New York, and pro- mising active military operations. In an olii-fashioned tavern, situate in a narrow lane near the Strand, Lonoon. there is a waiter who bears a very striding resemblance to the portrait of Shakspeare. The fre- quenters of line t1t.vern rarely call him by any other name. The Roman correspondent of the Tabid gives de- hils of an alleged cOlJsplracy to blow up the barrack at Cimarra, occupied by portions of the Legion of Antibes. Had it succeeded 300 lives must have been sacrificed. The Earl of Eglinton has purchased the Irish steeplechaser Scalthene for the sum of J&9M. This horse was second in the great race at Bogside last week. A pretended missionary has been found guilty at the Middlesex Sessions of having stolen a child's money box from a honse in which he lodged. Previous cJnvlctions were recorded against him, and he was sentenced to seven years' penal servitude. Last week the Charivari for the first time during its thirty-nine years of existence appeared without an illustra- tion. The reason for this unwonted deficiency is that the cartoon intended had been prohibited by the Minister of the Interior. "Not satisfied with 'the anvil chorus' (no relation to the Harmonious Blacksmith') our American cousins have introduced the triangle as an instrument of percussion in one of the musical interludes during Divine service. "—Musical Standard. Tbe small pox rages with such intensity at Munich that the killg has bqen obliged to abandon the annual cele- bration of the fete of tbe Order of St. Gsor.e. All the royal pages had been attacked by the malady, and the knights as- pirant were in the same plight. The Sporting Gazftte announces the death of the celebrated racing sire Stockwell, whose success at the stud obtained fer hIm the title of "The Emperor of Stallions." The cause of death was inflammation of the inner coating of the intestines. M. Victor Hugo in person is cited to appear before the Tribunal of Correctional Police next Monday, at eleven o'clock in the morning precisely, to take his trial for an article, signed by him, in the Rappel of May 5. It Is hardly likely that the exile of Guernsey will obey the sum- mons. At a conference of members of Parliament repre- senting metropolitan boroughs, held on Monday, it was re- solved that the Government should be urged to assent to an elected School Board, to whom should be entrusted the management of the elementary schools of the metropolitan districts. It is the intention of the Society for the Promotion of Chrletlan Knowledge to take up a strong position in publishing works specially adapted to meet the various forms of modern infidelity, and to establish a staff of lecturers to carry out the object. A Salt Lake paper c in tains this marriage notice :— "Married in Salt Like City, Utah, on the 16th instant, in the presence of the saints, E!der Brigham Younc; to Mrs. J. R. Martin, Miss L M. Penderpast, Mrs. R. M. Jenicksou, Miss Susie P. Cleveland, and Miss Emily P. Martin, all of the county of Berks, England." The Earl of Burford, the infant son of the Duke and Duchess of St. Albans, hall been chriitened at Ss. James's Palace, Her 1\hj"sty standing sp"mor iu penon, and Miss Burdett Coutts bE-ing tbe other g,)(1mother- The ceremony was most private. The infant Eirl is grandson of the late General Grey, and was boru in the house about the time of the General's death. A contemporary, criticising a concert, says of one gentleman who attempted to sing :—"Absence of voice and un acquaintance with music aie bad enough; but when to these is added a fori(etfulness of words, the thing becomes almost unbearable."—Wnat a lively performance it must have been Napoleon's expenses in the Isle of Elba are given for the first time in the Memoir and Archives, 1809-1815, of the Treasurer there, M. Ie Baron Peyrusse," published last year. The military expenses were 1,446 OoO francs; the civil oulv 145,000 francs; those of the Emperor's household, 750,000 francs; from May 1, 1814, to June 3,1815. According to the Vienna papers, the Greek tragedy has given rise to a very active diplomatic correspondence hetween the Cabinets of the three protecting Powers, and is likely to become an international question. Neither France nor Russia Is, however, said to be in favour of a demonatration against Greece. They think that mere admonition ia all that is required. A brother of M. Gustave Flourens, who had a place in a Government office, bu resigned. M. G. Flourens, it is said, did not know till Friday that he was accused of being an accomplice of Beaury. and therefore he was not able to send a contradiction in time to be forwarded to the provinces before the P.6biscite. The unsparing Board of Admiralty have ordered one of the most noble relics ol the Black Sea fleet to be sold. Admiral Lord Lyons's celebrated flag ship tbe A gomtemnon, that the Russian (runs of Sebastopol failed, when at a point- niank ranpre, to sink, is to be "knocked down," and out of the Jsavy List, by the more powerful hammer of a London auctioneer. M. Jules Lsrmina, the writer in the Gaulois who lately amused himself b.v reading at a public meeting the draft of a Plebiscite sentencing the Emperor to imprison- ment with hard labour for life, has been tried for his plea- pantry, and condemned to two years' imprisonment, and a fine of 10,000 francs. His counsel argued in vain that, the P ebiscife being an appeal to the sovereign people, the Empire (for all tut necessary execuUve purposes) was suspended dur- ing the P,6biscitary period. At onA of the entertainments recently given to the Duke of Edinburgh in India, an old lady was present, who being affected with deafness, carried an ear-trumpet. She had occasion to mmmon one of the table-servants, who was carrying a dish of peas, and put up her trumpet to hear his reply to her question. The unlucky Khitmugar, misunder- standing her wishes, instantly transferred a bountiful helping o peas to the open mouth of her acoustic instrument. In addressing a meeting of the Church Missionary Society, at Cambridge, on Mondav, the Eishop of Ely attri- buted the apparent decay of missionary t Sort to the active unbelief which existed amongst many classes of the popula- tion. The right rev. prelate deplored the stupid, passive indifference" which was spreading amongst the people of our large towns, I ut he believed that a better state of things would soon prevail. In Jadd-street, London, an infant two months old has been nearly killed by an attack of rats. It appears that the deceased was lying on the bed, her mother being out of the room, when two large rats got on the bed and tried to bite out the child's eyes. She put her haud up to save her face, and her hand was severely bitten. A neighbour happen- ing to go into the room, the rats made c-fl, and it was then found that the child was covered with blood. The unfortu- nate infant was taken to the Royal Free Hospital, Gray's-ion- road, where she now lies in a very precarious condition, and no hopes entertained of her recovery. A statue of Mr. Gladstone has just been placed in St. Georce's Hall, Live pool, in immediate proximity to that of the lat; Earl of Derby. The work is by Mr. Adams- Acton, and has cost £ 1 OOo A ^re inunary and private uu- vtilingof the statue took p1!t.C6 on 8aturùay, The statue, which is executed in Carrara marble, is six feet six inches high, and the position of the figure, as well as the likeness, strik:niriy reproduce the characteristics of the hight hon. gentleman. Two yourg Parisian ladies who are admirers of women's rights recently left their home. Their distracted father (-ought them In every direction. By means of money and pt 1 ca at length he found them, i'nd overcome with grief, roe Rppesled to their memmies, to their better natures, re- called his affection, their de.d mother's lIve, and so on, At the end the young lsdies set upou their parent and b^athim «ithin an inch of his life. They have been arrested. Souvent femine varic Mr. Cardwell's Enlistment Bill has been printed. Twelve years is fixed as the maximum period of enlistment, to he passed as the Secre' ary of S'ate may direct, either in army service, or partly in the army aud partly in the re- serve and three >ears as the m111imnm IIerv"ce I.D the army. which qualifies for removal to the res .rve. Subject to those two ui'inlitions the Secretary of :,tattt can alter the distribu- tion "f service between the army and the reserve from time t> lime »s be thinks tit In inmnnent national danger M>idi«-rs may be <ietained io, <>r reci'leti to service with the c >lwurs. Tae nuaitter ot tne reserve is Used at 6j,000. i 11 the House of Commons the other evening, Mr. Bruce Siiid he hojietl the commission of inquiry into tne con- .iin r, H«d featn.eut. of tne Uei.iaa pris mere would be issued in tip <5 mroe of ate*«.H}« The inquiry would beeht-ny d.rcijt<d 10 'he C"H|'H.i'-B lna.ie "Y the prisoners themselves 01 riit ir tie*.me-r > arId 'or l.'l«L purpose it had been thought expedient to m-itnie 1:1 tue c mniission two geutlemen who gpecta^y possessed the coi.tidence of the Irish people—one a e ot(ier a physician. There would also be two English geutlemen, and the commission would be presided K v, iv"u- The medical member of the commission j Lyo-jo, and the other mem bets would be Sir manes isroderick, Dr. Greetihow and Mr. Da Vere. ^-shocking occurrence took place at Barnstaple on Saturday morning. A farmer named Newcombe stayed uricking at a pub.ic-house in the town until he missed the last train to Bideford, and remained in the pub io house for the night. About three o'clock in the morning he got up, in a femi-conscious sta*e, anol went into the rOO:11 of the land- lord, Henry Veo, whe), hearing S0'11e one in his room, went to a drawer, tooit out a raz >r. and attacked the intruder cutting eff his nose, and ihiltjtiug sevtre wounds on his cheek, back, and head. Ke*combe staggered out of tl e room, followed by YT.ro, wh"). iu the dark, went into a room where a man named Jonef was sleeping, and began hacking him with the r-zir. A man who was passing the house, hearing a noise, gave information to the police, who enterea tbe house, arrested Yeo, and took the wounded men to tbe hospital. Yeo has been taken before the magistrates and remanded. Iu. America an electric encine has been contrived t& work a lock-stitch tewing machine. Th Gazette contains the nomination of Lord Stair as Commissioner to the coating General Assembly. Mr. Charles Dickens, it is said, was offered £ 2,000 by Hi American publisher for the right of publication of Edwi.t Drood. The other day, a London vestryman, in quoting a passage from one of St. Paul's epistles, spoke of it as "in the words of a certain old gentleman who wrote years ago. It is stated that the Home Secretary has resolved to publish, at stated intervals, statistics relating to all tnuUs now uùder ltgal inspection. A Bonk of the order of La Trappe has invented Ii ??ew potato-peeling machine, by means of which a man can easily peel 600 lbs. of potatoes per hour. Tbe Observer of Sunday announced that Mr. Bright had retired from the Cabinet, and that Mr. Mundella had been appointed President of the loard of Trade. There is no foundation for either of these announcements. "We have reason to believe that a marriage ha been arranged between Lord Derby and the Dowager Mar- chioness of Salisbury, which will be solemnized in the courae of a few weeks "—The Times. A telegram from St. Petersburg announces the murder in tint city, and in his own house, of Prince d'Aren- berg, a military attache of the Austrian Embassy. It is stated that a workman formerly in the employ of the Prince has been arrested on suspicion. A Toronto telegram states that the persons recently sent out to Canada by tbe emigration societies have all found ready employment at good wages, and that they are spoken of highly by the agents. According to the Paris Public, the Emperor Na- poleon has received a letter from her Majesty the Queen, congratulating him on his escape from the danger with whida he was threatened by the recently discovered consDiracv. A circular has been addressed to the tenant fanners on Lord Leigh's estates, informing them that on quitting their farms for any cause whatever, they will be compen sated far every unexhausted improvement made at their own expense. Mrp. Mackay has returned to Cork after visiting her husband, "Captain" Mackay, in Portland prison. She reports that he had so far recovered from a recent attack of chest disease that he had been removed from the hospital, and that he was in good spirits and boie his imprisonment with fortitude. Prophets in modern times take very frequently ex- tremely dismal views, Nothing can be more sonrtye, save the spot on the sun, than this:—A period of about forty-two years, during which the slain of the Lord in hundreds 01 millions shall cover the earth, will commence on the tmth day 01 the month of next November. A meeting in favour of the release of the Fenian pri- soners, and against the coercion bill, was held in Birmingham on Monday night. The speaken-all of whom were English- men—strongly condemned the government; and the meeting unanimously passed a resolution demanding a repeal of the union. —— A man who had escaped from a private asylum at West Mailing was charged before the Brentwoed magistrates on Saturday with being a wandering lunatic. He protested his sanity in such a rational manner as to make an impression up'n the justices, who, in delivering him up to the asylum authorities, expressed a hope that he would soon be at liberty. On Saturday the court for the Consideration of Crown cases reversed the conviction of a person named Hen- wood for stealing from Mr. May all, the photographer, the negative of a lady of the Court, taken by command of her Majesty, on the express understanding that it was only to be usea lor printing a certain number of copies, and then given up to the Q teen. The other day, in one of the legal courts in London, a legal matter was proposed to stand over till the 1st of June, when some one exclaimed in horror, Why that's the Derby Calmly and majestically the response came—"The cour knows nothing of the Derby Day—but make it the 2nd o June." A shocking occurrence has occurred in a remote and desolate part cf Kerry. A number of fishermen were dividing the contents of a caek of petroleum, which they had picked up at sea, when the liquid exploded, the house in which the fishermen were assembled was blown to pieces, two lives were lost, and many of the survivors were seriously injured. "We have authority to contradict in the most posi- tive terms the statement of the Gaulois that the French Am- bassador has demanded a criminal prosecution of M. Gustave Flourens and his associates. No such application has been made."—The Times. In a French novel the hero prudently refuses to take his bride on a honeymoon trip to England, because, he says, If you travel in England, my dear, you will be robbed on all aides; if you ask the name of a street there, they charge you a shilling for telling you r" A correspondent of an Edinburgh paper, having suggested that it would confer a great boon on the public if there were special omnibuses for "mothers with infant children," the Pall Mall Gazette adds another suggestion that the driver should be a retired monthly nurse, with a strong- minded elderly female for conductor, Another rumour about the ill.fated City of Boston has found its way into circulation. The Cork Constitution mentions that a large steamer answering the description of the City of Boston, and supposed to be that venel, has been discovered locked in the ice útf the coast ot Greenland. It iI added that vessels have been despatched to her assistance. The brigand Spinos, chief of the gang by whom our countrymen were murdered, must be a cool one. We learn from a letter of a traveller in Greece that amongst the pack- ages sent from Athens to the captives and their captors was a quantity of tobacco. Spanos sent it back again, it being too poor in quality lor his smoking. England is the only country in the world at the present time which publishes weekly and quarterly observa- tions on au extensive scale in time to be available for imme- diate administrative use. But the Registrar General hopes loon to get the co-operation of other coantries, and in a few years to see in operation amopg several of the principal nations of the world one well-concerted series of reoortll of their marriages, births, deaths, and most controllable diseases. The Saturday Review complains that the promoter! of the Women's Disabilities Bit! are not honest and plain- spoken. What they mean is to establish, as far as the law goes, the complete equality of the sexes. The franchise pro- posed to be lI;iven to unmarried women with separate estates and incomes is an absurdity, unless it involves sooner or later, which it certainly will, the removal of all so-called social and political distinction?. 011 Saturday evening a married woman, named Jane Gregory, who wsslodged in the cells at the Rotherham police- station on charge of ftealing 4Jlb of mutton, attempted to commit 8ujcide by twistiug vne of her garters round her neck aHd pulling hard at each end, Her actions, however, were observed by a constable, and the attempt was frustrated. She was watched during the remainder 01 the night. A rather interesting and high-sounding matrimonial advertisement appears in a Vienna paper:—"I am young, handsome, well made, fascinating in manners, sweet disposi- tioli, not. unlearned, oescending from a noble fam'ly have a nice little country property near Vienna. I desire a wife. Send photographs, which must show and she must be rich and cultivated, but must not object to my being, as I am, a baaer." Tne last representative of the elder branch of the celebrated family of O'Bryen. formerly Kings. and afterwards Marquises of Tbomond, died on Monday, in the person 01 the R'.g&t Hon. Lady Elizabeth Stucley, wife of SlrGecrge Stucley stueley, Bart., of Hartiand Abbey, Devon, formerly M.P. for Barmtable Her bdyship was the yonngest and only sur- viving daughter of William O'Bryen, M.P., second Marqtus of Thomond, a title now extinct, aud was married December 22, 1335. The head of the family now is Sir Lucius O'Brien, Lord Inchiquin. The Totara (New Zealand) Chronicle died, after a brief existence of three weeks. The demise is announced on a double-crown sheet with the Chronicle heading. AT the letter-press on the first page is, "Blessed are they who ex- pect nothing, for they shall not be disappointed." The inside pages are blank. The fourth page, under the head of Death," has the following On ths evening of the 15th instant, after a short but; brilliant Hreer, the Totara Chronicle, aged three weeks. Let it R. L P. Hokititka papers please copy." The number of telegraphic messages forwarded from postal telegraph stations in the kingdom in the four weeks of April was as follows. In the week ending April 9, 169 562 messages were transmitted, showing an increase of 4,341 on the previous week. In the weekending April 16, 157.807 messages were sent, being a decrease in number of 11,755 on the previous week. Tne falling off is accounted for by the small amount of business transacted on Good Friday and the following day. In the weeks ending April 23 aud 30. 170.6C9 and 172,746 messages were despatched respectively. Captain Cutting. late commander of the Bteamship ldnho, 01 the Guion line, committerlstúcide by shooting him. stit through the head, at his office, Alexandra Buildings, Liverpool, on Friday evening. He quitted that service for the purpose of becoming the managing director of a metal tradug company, a business of which he appears to have not; had the (lightest knowledge. In this company he had in. vested the whole of his savings, and he had also induced a large number of his personal friends to become shareholders. The affairs of the company appear not to have gone on satis- factorily, and this preyed greatly upon his mind. The jury returned a verdict to the effect that he destroyed himself whilst labouring under temporary mental derangement.
THE MARKETS. MARK-LANE.—MONDAY. There has been a continuance of rmness in the grain trade The supplies of wheat have been only moderate, and a healthy inquiry having been experienced for all descrip- tions, prices have risen Is. to 23. per qr. Spring corn has been fully as dear. There was only a moderate supply of English wheat on sale here to-day. The attendance of millers was limited, and lers animation was noticed in the demand for both red and white produce. Firmness, however, was still the feature of the trade, and the value of all qualities was well maintained. The show of foreign wheat was mode- rate. The trade was steady, at full currencies. With barley the market was moderately supplied. AU qualities commanded extreme quotations, with a fair inquiry. Malt was quiet, at atout late rates. Oats—the show of which was moderate—were in request, and prioes wen well suppor- ted. Beans were steady in value and inquiry. For peas there was a moderate demand, at about late rates. Maize was purchased to a fair extent, at full currencies. The flour market continued firm, and the late advance was freely paid. Linseed was in requeat, and there was a good inquiry for rape seed. Cakes were steady. METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET.—MONDAY. The cattle trade has been quiet to-day, and without feature of importance. As regards beasts, the supplies have been tolerably good, and the condition of most breeds has bee abaut an averse. Prime qualities have been in request at steady currencies, but for inferior breeds the demand has been inactive at droopiug prices. The best Scots and crosses haye sold at 4s. )0d. to 5*. per 8lb. From Nor- folk, Suffolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire we received about 1,600 Scots and crosses, from other p-irts of England 450 of various breeds, and from Scotland about 220 Scots and crosses. There has been a fair supply of sheep 1n the pens. Although not active, the trade has been firm on the whole, at previous quotations. The best Downs and half-breds have realised 6s. 2d. to 5s. 4:1 per 81b. Lambs have been dull, at about 7s. per SIb. For calves there has been only a moderate inquiry, at about late rates. Pigs have been dull, atprevioos quotations. HOPS. Nothing of interest has been noticed In the hop market. The supplies navEl been short, but quite equal to the demand, which rulfeii heavy, at about late rates. Mid and East Kenta, jt;7 to £1212& Weald of Kents, £6 to £8; Sussex, t5 12!<. to £6 12s Bavarians, jEP (is. to £9; French, jM to £ « 10s. Americans, A4 6s. to £6; Yearlings jBl loa. to £8 10a per cwt. WOOL. The market for all descriptions of wool has continued very firm. A t the p uolic sale the demand for colonial produce has continued hrisk. both on home and Continental account, and eureOle rates have been realieed. English wool hac heen llteadyat fall quotations. Current prioes of English wool:— Fleeces: South Down hogget*, la 0*d. to 1 s. Id. half- bred ditto, Is. 3d. to Is. 4d. Kent fleeces. Is. 21. to Is Sd. South Down ewes and wethers, Is. to Is. Id. Leicester iitto, is. 21d.. to Is. Sid. Sorts Clothing, la. to 1a. i^d.; combing, Is. tol*.»Jd POTATOES. These markets have been only moderately supplied with potatoes. The demand has been inactive, at about late rates. English 8haws, 110s to 130s Regents, 120s. to 140s. Scctsb Regents, 110s. to 130s.; ana Bocks, 90s. to 110s. per ton. FISH. Supplies not so large thifmominc, and trade slightly im- proved at the following prices :—Plaice, 16s. to 17s. 6d per barrel; sclfs 18. to 3s per pair: cod, £3 to £4 per score; trout, ts. 4d to Is 61 mackerel, 3s. to 40;. per dozen; smoked hr.ddocks, large, 40s.; small ditto 20s. to 27g. 61. per birrej; iobsters, ios. to 163,; crabs, 10;. to 15J. per doznn; native oysters, £10; commons, 15a to 4). per bushel. TALLOW. The market as been steady. Y.C. on the ipot, 44s. 8d. per cwt. Town tallow, ,1/1. W., net cash.