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- TOWN COMMISSIONERS, ABEKYSTWY…

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----. TOWN COUNCIL, ABERYSTWYTH,

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THE BUDGET.

EXPERIENCE TAUGHT IS BETTER…

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---EMIGRATION.

MINING INTELLIGENCE.

ALARMING FIRE.

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ALARMING FIRE. Between 10 and 11 p.m. of the 7th inst. the stable nd cowhouses, which were in a row, at Gostreissat n the parish of Llangybi. and occupied by Mr Thomas Griffiths, cattle dealer, were discoveredito Ie on fire. The servant rushed out from bed, with inly his shirt on, and after loosing the horses out rom tbe stable, hurried to arouse Mr Griffiths and lis family; and on going back to his bedroom, which ras above the stable, found the room in a blaze, to- gether with the buildings mentioned. Before any .ssistance could be rendered, 16 head of cattle fell a acrifice to the conflagration, and the harness.of the lorses were also burnt. Nothing is known of the irigin of the fire. The servant denies having lit any aatches that night. THE MILITIA.—The recruits of the Royal Cardi- ganshire Militia have commenced their drill prior to he arrival of the main body, who will probably lumber about 280. The former are not more than 8, as notoriously bad characters are not invited to ncrease the muster roll of the regiment. The re- sruits assemble for drill near the Barracks. THE MARKET.—On Monday, the fine weather iecured a large attendance of the inhabitants of the iurrounding districts, but business, in nearly every >ranch, was rather sluggish. The exceptions are in he seed department, where a brisk trade was ob- lervable. Farmers are making active preparations or strewing their various crops after the copious and velcome rainfall during the few days previously, rhere was, likewise, a large demand and a propor- tionate supply of cabbage plants, which sold at about Is. 6d. per hundred. Nearly all the country folks iecured bundles of these useful vegetables for garden sulture. In the grain market, no change worthy of 'ecord was observable. Attempts were made to rise he price by Is. a bag but generally proved unsuc- :essful, as the demand was rather limited. The )rices have been stationary for some month or more )ast. The pig trade was unusually slack, the supply jeing smaller than it has been for months past, rhere were only half-a-dozen oarts with small pigs, which sold at an advance on recent prices. They 'etched from 20s to 26s. Cask butter was sold at lOd. to lid. per lb. Potatoes were as usual, 3s. ind 3s. 6d. per bushel. Common cheese, 4d. per lb. rhere was a limited supply of wool at 8d. to 10d. per lb. HOLLOW AY'S PILL.—Health and Vigour.—To the nost regular livers occasional disturbances of digestion will occur, vhich may be corrected at once by these famous Pills, the alfer- itive and tonic powers of which cannot be too highly extolled. 1 dose now and then will prove salutary to everyone, but a 'ontinued course must be taken by the confirmed invalid. It is vonderful how the appetite and digestion improve in proportion Pills exert their wholesome influence over the animal HXmotny. They augment muscular strength and mental vigour. Holloway's Pills frequently cure diseases of the digestive organs ifter all other medicines have failed to aftbrdreiief, and they are specially serviceable in disorders of the liver and kidneys. LUXURIANT AND BEAUTIFUL HAIR.—Mrs S. A. ALLEN'S [VOBLD'S HAIR RESTORER OR DRESSING never fails to quickly •esUtfe Grey or Faded Hair to its youthful colour and beauty, md with the first application a beautiful gloss and. delightful ragrance in given to the Hair. It stops the Hair from falling off. :t prevents baldness. It promotes luxuriant growth; it causes he Hair to grow thick and strong. It removes all dandruff. It ontains neither oil nor dye. In large Bottles—Price Six Shil- ings. Sold by Chemists and- Perfumers. Depot, 266, High lolbom, London.—FOR CHILDREN'S HAIR.—MBS. ALLEN'S ZYLOBALSAMUM" far excels any pomade or hair oil, and is a leiightful Hair Dressing: it is a distinct and separate prepara- ion from the Restorer, and its use not required with it. .j "< SUDDEN DEATH.—On Tuesday last, a little boy, three years of age, son of Capt. Lewis, late of the [ Waterloo, died after a very brief attack of that fatal enemy of little children, the croup. The little fellow r had been running about on the previous day, in the [ apparent possession of his usual good health, when thus unexpectedly he was nipped in the bud. CHURCH PAKADE.—The militia staff and recruits, headed by their band, marched to church on Sunday morning last. The fine morning and the lively melody combined, attracted quite a crowd of spec- tators. The recruits have been drilled on the Ter- race during the week, in the presence of Capt. Lewis and other officers. The indefatigable drill sergeants appear to take great pains with their awkward squad, and their patience is rapidly reducing them to some shape. The recruits are few in number this year, as they do not exceed twenty. THE LLANBADARN CLOCK.—The large and hand- some clock with which the ancient church is furnished has, apparently, been wound up, like many forefathers of the hamlets who have gazed upon its face for the time o'day, for it is quite at a stand still, and does not progress more than its native village. It has been in that unsatisfactory state for some consider- able time, and does not appear to possess a single friend who will take the trouble to regulate its in- terior, and set its hands, which are of the uncommon length of 6 feet, in motion. Its hands and face are accordingly useless, and it might as well be interred in the churchyard for all its mortal use as a member of society. It is sad indeed, that no one will set a subscription on foot, so as to set the colossal time- piece a-going. It has been hinted that the public crier's services will be called into requisition shortly in proclaiming, like the ancient watchmen, how the hours progress by day and night, unless something be done to make this essentially silent monitor speak out its mind like an honest clock. PREFERMENT.—Mr Gladstone, on behalf of the crown, has nominated the Rev. Thomas Matthews, B.D., of St. David's College, Lampeter, formerly vicar of Cilycwm, to the vicarage of Llandingad, Llandovery, vacant by the elevation of the Rev. Joshua Hughes to the bishoprick of St. Asaph. The living is in the gift of the Bishop of St. David's, but the present nomination falls, according to custom, on the crown. The Welsh speaking natives of the Principality, who are attendants at the Established Church have. for once, no longer reason to complain that the four Welsh bishops are unable to understand the vernacular, inasmuch as they are enabled, not only to preach in the native language, but they are also Celtic scholars. The present bishops of St. David's, Llandaff, Bangor. and the bishop elect of St. Asaph, are all Welsh scholars. It may, conse- quenty, be inferred that they will secure Welsh speaking clergymen to the parishes in which it is desirable to have services conducted in the language best understood by the parishioners. This will be presumed to remove one of the fruitful source of grievance in respect to the Welsh Church. DEATH OF A PROMISING YOUNG SEAMAN.—On Tuesday last, a telegram arrived in this town from the captain of one of the Oriental steamers, of South- ampton, from Calcutta, announcing the death from cholera, at the above named port. of Mr Thomas Jones, of Aberystwyth, the second officer. The sad event happened about a month ago Mr Jones is the son of Mrs Jones, of 42, Marine Terrace, in this town, and was only 26 years of age. He was a skil- ful and expert seaman, and bid fair to be a further credit to his profession. He was much beloved by a large circle of respectable friends in his native town, and he further succeeded in winning the sin- cere confidence and esteem of his superior officers, and the kindest feelings of his brother officers and the crew generally. He was prominent in those manly and generous characteristics of the British seaman, which secure them warm friends and ad- mirers both at home and abroad, to whatsoever country their professional duties require them to steer their course. Some three or four years ago, Mrs Jones' eldest son succumbed to the same fatal epidemic, in the same presidency, which proves su fatal to Europeans, and Mr Thomas Jones was pre- sent when his brother departed this mortal life. MARINE VISITORS.—On Sunday and Monday last, the promenaders on the Castle grounds and the Ter- race were amused for hours in watching the manoeu- vres of a species of seal, which had visited our coast, owing, probably, to the rough weather which it had encountered. The storm drum, on the flag staff, bad for some days been hoisted to indicate rough weathter. The sea was, however, calm near the shore, and the seal was busily engaged in fishing. They consume an imense number of fish, and are as voracious as most denisons of the mighty deep. They occasionally dived, reappearing shortly afterwards 40 or 50 yards distant from the spot where they had last disappeared. The head, which was of a darkish colour, was dis- tinctly visible above the water. This specimen of the numerous species is locally known to the natives as Morlo in Welsh, which means a sea calf. It is a member of the smallest species. They are gre- gareous in their favourite haunts, and are very com- monly found on the Cornish coast. On Monday morning, attempts were made to shoot the quadruped; but it proved too quick for its foes and dived con- tinually, so as to render it difficult to take an accurate aim. After having been thus disturbed, it is not likely to reappear in this immediate neighbourhood. Last year a similar animal was captured alive in the adjacent rocks, and it was exhibited alive for some time. The seal is remarkably docile, and easily tamed. Itinerant showmen often exhibit their per- formances. They are trained to obey the voices of their keepers, and to turn somersets in a large tub of water, and even to fire a pistol with their queer looking front paws. Fishermen also report that shoals, or rather packs, of porpoises have been ob- served in the bay during the early part of the week, making sad havoc of the small fish. The porpoise is classed by naturalists as of the animal, and not the fish species, being a member of the cetaceous family. They haunt the shoals of herrings and other fish in the most ingenious manner, showing even greater dexterity and sagacity than is evinced by the hound when coursing a hare. NEW BUILDINGS.—In addition to the new build- ings in course of erection, several others will, be commenced as soon as arrangements are completed. Mr Thomas Davies, builder, purposes et-eétin ei t substantial dwellings-houses inNewfoundland^strMf. Messrs. Hughes and Williams have nearly VraapleteHL three very neat houses in Mill-streaft; and they s are about undertaking the erection ofyseveral others, Mr Thomas Jones's three handsomp houses in the 1 Queen's Road are roofed and nearlyycompleted. iffie new English Wesleyan Chapel, als In Queen's Roid, is externally almost finished; &n<z the spire has ceived its ornamental brass or gilt top, which has a fine effect when seen prominency glittering in the rays of the sun. Mr. Williams/ contractor, of Car- diff, has commenced active operations in Victoria Terrace, beyond the Queen's Hotel and elegant residences will soon adorn that favourite marine parade. The new Baptist Clapel, in Alfred Place, will probably be completed ina few weeks; and Mr. Bonsall's new cottages in Crynfryn Row, at the back of the Infirmary, will sfton be ready for tenants, prior to Mr Thomas Davies, the contractor, com- mencing another lot. The/little soda water, lemon- ade, and mineral manufactory on the Llanbadarn road has been completed, and has commenced active operations. NV must w pass over in silence the new rival market schemes in embryo, those in Mar- ket-street and terrace Read, the latter of which has been actually rekis^ere^ ln London, with a rapidity that does credit to its executive function. Shall we, or shall we not, ^ave twp new markets ? That is the question. It willAno donbt, be settled shortly. Both parties are in thei neldj and show a bold and deter- mined front. The pubfic have now the two schemes before them, and it remains for them which to coun tenance and tbeycan decide whether they will sup- port the one, both, or neither. Various arguments are used in favour of each. It is evident that the inhabitants are getting more alive to the require- ments of the town, and that they grow anxious to keep pace with the spirit of this restless and revolu- tionary age. In addition to the new buildings-tbat have been named, there are observable many im- provements in the old ones, which have been greatly renovated. Mr Edwards is rebuilding a rather an- cient house in Terrace Road, wbtch will improve the street. Mr John Rees, cabinetmaker, of Little Dark-gate-street, is also adding another story to his provision shop, (endeavouring to remodel on modern principles a musty antique abode. Mr Richard Mor- gan will shortly complete the shop and premises in Great Dark-gate-street, which he has entirely re- constructed on the foundation of the time-honoured rickety old edifice that had seen "the light of other days." Mr Isaac Hopkins, in the same leading thoroughfare is rapidly rearing two substantial hou- ses of business in the improved style of modern taste. What with spacious shop fronts, and facings of Bath bricks, our ancestors would not recognise the new corner house upon the foundations of the venerable 7-feet wall of the town proper in remote days. By the bye, the modern builders and innovators are de- termined to ransack our ancient town walls in all quarters. They are in this respect allied to the Goths and Vandals who pillaged ancient cities. They are no respecters of the dust of ages," or the relics of bygone years. Utility is their motto, and im- provement and expediency their governing principle. If this progressive principle long continues, we shall most assuredly have no vestiges of early creation left. We shall next witness the demolition of our time- honoured castle to make room for some limited or unlimited chalybeate spa and mineral water com- pany. The conservatives of the old school are begin- ning to view with suspicion these revolutionary indi- cations, and are ready to ask themselves the momen- tous question, "When and where is this all to end? It is sufficient to wake up the spirit of OUT fore- fathers. This pickaxe and trowel mania assumes a formidable and encroaching position in every direc- tion. New markets, slaughtering houses, water works, and what not stare the venerable and much honoured individual "the oldest inhabitant," in every direction. People of a "certain age" are seriously deliberating whether the children of this perverse and forward generation are, or are not, wiser than their ancestors. Does it foretell of a financial crisis, or of "baseless fabric of a vision," or of a second Brighton in Cardiganshire ? The ancients wag their sage heads but the innovators on old times" pre- dict the latter. ( ^————^ ^T*?EJTIES ot THE ^EACE«—At the petty sessions* on Wednesday last, before the Mayor and John Dt' vies, Esq., John Jones, carman, of North Parade, applied for sureties of the peace against Williarf Evans, farmer, of this town. The quarrel between them sppears to have been the result of "a formed grievance some six weeks ago, when Jones obtained a conviction against Evans for an assault. Since; that period the best feelings did not exist between the litigants, and on Saturday last, they happened,' unfortunately, to meet at the Golden Eao-le" Inn.j where they came to an open rupture. The complain-! ant stated that Evans used threatening language* which was calculated to provoke a breach of the peace and he even lifted up his hand, as if he in- tended to strike complainant. These were the cir- cumstances under which he applied for magisterial protection. The defendant, on the other hand, pleaded that he had sustained great provocation at the hands of Jones, whose conduct was not so imma- culate in the affair as he would have the bench to believe. The magistrates, after further crimination and re-crimination on the part of the both, deter- ( mined, as the application was pressed, to order the defendant to enter into the required sureties, himself in bl and one surety in the like amount, to keep the peace for 12 months. The recognizances were duly entered into, and Jones then retired, apparently well satisfied as to his future safety. ALLEGED FISH NUISANCE.—At the same sessions, at the Hall, James Maconochie, general dealer, of Great Dark-gate-street, was summonsed by Sergeant Evans, inspector of nuisances, for having on the 9th instant, caused a nuisance in the public streets by allowing the brine offish to run from his premises into the thoroughfare, so as to cause a great annoy- ance The inspector described the nuisance pro- duced, which was, in his opinion, prejudicial to the health and comfort of the community. Mr D. Jenkid Davies, chemist, who live nearly opposite the de- fendant s premises, corroborated the officer's opinion in regard to the offensive exhalations from the brine. The defendant, in reply to the charge, expressed his regret that he had unintentionally given offence in placing fresh pickle in some casks of herrings. Some of the brine had accidentally escaped into the street. He would endeavour to prevent a repetition of the annoyance that had been complained of. The bench expressed a hope that the public would exercise greatest caution in preventing the existence of all such nuisances which must endanger the public health. In this instance no penalty would be in-i flicted, as it was the first offence against him, but he would have to pay 2s 6d. costs. ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCHYARD.—-Few spectacles are more distressing to the ordinarily sensitive mind than to observe our parish churchyards indicate, by their decayed and neglected appearance, that seemly care and attention are not paid to the last resting places where the forefathers of the hamlet sleep Our own churchyard affords a melancholy example in this respect. A number of the tomb and grave stones have tumbled down in all directions, and many others are totteriag to their fall. The place is in some directions strewn with old shoes, decayed rags, and miscellaneous rubbish. The eye of the passing.. stranger cannot otherwise than be arrested by the desolate appearance of two railed vaults in the central walk, and nearly opposite the principal en- > trance. The luxurious growth of a wilderness of brambles and briars over the poor sleepers is some- thing revolting to witness. Whether this apparent thing revolting to witness. Whether this apparent 1 neglect is attributable to shortcomings on the part !i of-a generation of churchwardens, or whether it rests t at the doors of others, it is difficult, and perhaps, t hazardous to state but certain it is that all will .1 agree in thinking that it is a lamentable circumstance. 1 The friends and relatives of many of the families who )j have tablets sacred to their memories have departed from this mundane scene, and if they still retain life, they are absent from Aberystwyth in the body. It /• is not to be expected that the graves should be care- N fully repaired but very little expense and trouble B would be incurred in not suffering the stones to lie t scattered about, and to assume every conceivable shape but the one originally intended and brambles and briars, if but once in ten years, may be removed from prominent situations without the outlay of much time or money. A labourer, at the cost of a few shillings, would obviate the necessity of complaining. But in this, like in most similar cases, what is almost ,J everybody's business, is practically nobody's; and our churchyard may yet be allowed for another season to be a reproach, if not a scandal, to churchgoers. A FURIOUS COW UP-STAIKS.—On Monday last, i considerable amusement and, occasionally, not a f little consternation, was caused by the eccentricities of an infuriated cow which had, by accident or de- sign, been deprived of her offspring. The vaccine parent became distracted at her bereavement, and the want of sympathy she experienced among an llIr :v! generous public. She determined to ignore the con- i trol of the Llanrhystid farmer who drove her, with her calf, into town, and to avenge herself on all who opposed her progress. She resolved, like, the mo- ther of poetic effusion, to search high and low, up- stairs, as well as down-stairs for the object of her solicitude and although she could not tell her grief otherwise than by unmistakeable lowing, it was evi- 1 dent that she proclaimed in bellowing accents of •.[ frantic energy. I've lost, I've lost my child." Af- ter collecting a crowd by her frantic behaviour, she < cleared a course through them in a twinkling, by a headlong charge, upsetting several in her way. Ob- serving a decidedly suspicious-looking house in Queen's-road, which was kept by a widow named; Jones, the animal, at once lowering her head, made a direct plunge at the closed door, smashing it in a trice, and rushed up-stairs, as if armed with a search- warrant. After such a-getting up-stairs," a bold blacksmith in the crowd, fearing fatal results from the unexpected visit of such an unannounced guest rushed up after her, and seizing the unwelcome visi- tor by the tail, succeeded with some assistance, in ignominiously ejecting the poor creature in as sum- mary a manner as she had effected her entrance. Nothing soothed by this gentle treatment, the animal rushed into the street, and made for the Terrace- road, knocking down and upsetting many persons in her impetuous career. After running what in polite phraseology is designated a promiscuous muck > the excited beast bent her course 3>efecha'n | where she overthrew a few other unlucky *H^hts* l but happily no serious damage was sustained, — I though several people were bruised, and many more sadly frightened by the little episode. The cow, on becoming exhausted, was easily secured. The ex- peditious flight of the startled populace on the ap- proach of the frantic quadruped afforded much amusement, when the cause of alarm proved to be only a cow," and not a member of the more formid- able gender. EMIGRATION PROM ABERYSTWYTH AND NEIGH- BOURHOOD.—Last week, a very affecting scene was witnessed in Montgomery station. No fewer than 70 of the inhabitants of the little town in that vicinity and the surrounding districts had determined to search for a transatlantic home. Hundreds of friends and relations assembled to take their last fond farewell of the bold and adventurous spirits, who were prin- cipally members of the yeominry classss, some of whom had large farpilies. This is but another in- stalment of the emigration parties who purpose fol- lowing their friends and relations to hail Columbia or Australia." In the slate and mineral districts of Angsley, Carnarvon, and Denbigh, the anxiety to emigrate is weekly increasing. In fact, the love of emigration increases with emigration itself, to para- phrase the saying of an old classical author in regard to the love of money, which may, after all, prove by far the greatest incentive to emigration, as its ac- quisition also proves a material guarantee for that independence of position and action, which it is hazardous for small farmers to maintain in Wales and most other parts of the kingdom. Political economists and staticians are well aware that the .number of small freeholders in this country is di- minishing every year, by a gradual, but, apparently, inevitable Jaw of territorial encroachment on the part of the capitalists. The large landed proprietors are gradually, generation after generation, acquiring land; and the smaller *>ot>g-ht out, seek in distant region# widespreading ''runs" of rich pasturage of their own with the ready money they can command, and which exceed in virgin area, if not in artificial fertility, half-a-dozen demesnes of the greatest feudal lords of England. Nature, ever kindly, endeavours to balance all inequalities Those who cannot thrive in the mother country, have varied and attractive collection of" Eldoradoes from which to select their future home, and if the numerous colo- nies of the mother country afford no inducement to attract their wandering footsteps, they can betake themselves to the almost boundless prairies of the star and stripes. On Tuesday last, a number of emigrants from Aberystwyth and neighbourhood left for the grand republic. Some took their departure^' I from the Aberystwyth and Bowstreet railway sta- tions. Among. others, Mr George Lumley, of this town, with his wife and family, took his departure to the far west, which is, of late years, rendered so easy of access through the instrumentality of improved marine steam engine.

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