Aberystwyth Market fy Public Hall Company, Limited. PUBLIC ANNOUNCEMENT. THE New Temporary Market in Terrace Road for Corn, Fish, Meat, Poultry, Butter, Cheese, Fruit, Vegetables, jjcc., with an area of 11,000 square feet, will open for the ensuing Season on MONDAY, the 9th of MAY next. Immediate application should be made for Stalls, as a large number are already taken. The Plans of the Market is on view at Mr. James's, 51, North Parade, to whom applications for Stalls should be sent at once. ABERYSTWYTH MARKET. TEMPORARY BUILDING- TO BUILDERS. TENDERS are required for Erecting the TEM- PORARY MARKET in Terrace Road The Plans and Specification can be seen at the Offices of Messrs. Szlumper and Aldwinkle, Queen's Road, to whom Tenders are to be delivered not later than Two o'clock on Wednesday next, the 20th instant. April14tk, 1870. THE TOWN COUNCIL of the Borough of Aberystwyth are desirous of receiving Tenders for the RENTAL of the NEW PUBLIC SLAUGH- TER-HOUSE, DWELLING-HOUSE, & PREMI- SES. Further particulars and all information can be had at my Office, where Sealed Tenders, endorsed Slaug^hter-house," are to be sent not later than Tuesday, th 3rd May next. JOHN PARRY, JOHN PARRY. Town Clerk's Office, Aberystwyth, Town Clerk. April 14th, 1870. To Painters, Plumbers, & Glaziers. SEALED Tenders for Executing the above Bran- ches of Work in FOUR NEW HOUSES in Queen's Road, Aberystwyth, belonging to Thomas Jones, Esq., are invited to be sent in, addressed to the undersigned, on or before the 23rd instant. No pledge is given that the lowest or any tender will be accepted. For further information apply to GEO. JONES & SON, Architects and Surveyors, Aberystwyth. 14th April, 1R70. Liebig Company's Extract of Meat. AMSTERDAM EXHIBITION, 1869, FIRST PRIZE, being above the Gold Medal. Supplied to the British, French, Prussian, Russian, Italian, Dutch, and other Governments. One pint of fine- flavoured Beef-tea at 31d. Most convenient' and economic stock." CautiOn.-Only sort warranted genuine by the inventor, Baron Liebig, whose signature is on every genuine Jar. Ask for Liebig Company's Extract, and not for Liebig's Extract of Meat EDWARD CLOCKER, No. 5, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH, Licensed to Let POST HORSES & CARRIAGES FOR HIRE. A commodious Covered or Uncovered Wag- gonette—Basket Carriages—Dogcart, &c.
TOWN COMMISSIONERS, ABEKYSTWY 1 H. Tuesday, April 12th, 1870. On Tuesday last, a meeting of the above body was held at the Town Hall. In the absence of the mayor, Captain Lewis was voted to the chair. There were present :—Messrs T. H. Jones, John Jones, (Great Dark-gate-street,) John Davies, Charles Hackney, Jonathan Pell, Thomas Jones, William Julian, and Dr. C. Rice Williams. Mr Thomas, cferk, Mr Lloyd, assistant clerk, Mr Salumper, engineer, Mr Vaughan, surveyor, and Mr Morgan, turncock, were also present. MR. ARNOLD TAYLOR'S REPORT. The Clerk produced the voluminous report of Mr Arnold Taylor in regard to the plan which he ap- proved of for supplying Aberystwyth with water, so as to prevent a future scarcity of water. The present supply not being deemed sufficient for the increased requirements of the town. Mr Pell: Are your lungs in good order to read the report. (A laugh.) el The Chairman thought that the reading had better be postponed a little longer, until other members of the board arrived. They had now better proceed to other business. CONTRACT FOB PRINTING. The following tenders foe printing the bye-laws were received, in accordance with a resolution passed at a previous meeting. The Clerk said he had received tenders from two out of the three printers in the town, to whom the competition was confined. On opening the tenders they were as follows :— Mr W. Williams, for 1000 copies of the bye-laws, and 50 large sheets for posting up, 121. 2s. 6d. The type to be the same as that in which they had been printed last year. His second estimate was for having the bye-laws printed in larger type, similar to a copy forwarded by the Government, 141. 5s Mr David Jenkins, jun., for printing the 1000 copies of the bye-laws in the same type as before, and for 24 of the large sheets, 81. 10s. For the large type, 101. 10s. Mr Jenkins, on being sent for in order to answer some questions, said that he was enabled to give a low estimate for the smaller type, owing to the fact that he had kept about 10 to 12 pages of the bye-laws in type since last year. Mr Atwood stated that the county of Cardigan had actually saved about 60/. in the printing estimate this year as compared with the previous year, the Welsh- man office at Carmarthen having taken the contract so much lowet than the former printer. Mr Atwood was of opinion that they ought to have a good index prefixed to the bye-laws. Mr Pell thought that the marginal references were quite sufficient. The bye-laws were required as soon as possible by a month from this date at furthest; and a penalty of, say, 10s. a day should be attached for every day that was exceeded. The Clerk replied that it would be better to pro- vide for the reduction of the penalty imposed from the sum to be paid, than to have an accumulative fine. Mr John Jones, (Great Dark-gate-street,) thought that a penalty of 5s. per day was quite sufficient but he was also of opinion that the bye-laws ought to be printed as soon as possible. Mr Jenkins ultimately consented to the terms pro- posed, and signed the necessary documents. THE ALLEGED RAG AND BONE NUISANCE. The Clerk read a letter from Mr Williams, of Laura Place, in which he again complained of the continuance of the nuisance caused in Castle-lane by the rag and bone warehouse there, although a pro- mise had been made at a former meeting to enquire into the cause of complaint, he expressed his disap- pointment that nothing had been done in the matter, although he attended a subsequent meeting of the board for the purpose of knowing what steps might be taken. A petition had been presented to the board, signed by several of the respectable inhabitants of the neighbourhood, asking them to abate the nui- sance then complained of, and what had been since continued. The commissioners then promissed to send some members of the street committee to ex- amine the place. No report had been made on the nuisance. Unless something were done at once in the matter, he would be compelled to lay the matter before the chief Board of Health, and forward to them a copy of the petition presented to the commis- sioners. The Clerk stated that it had been agreed that the street committee should inspect the place, and report to the board. Mr Pell, as a member of the street committee, asked how could they report on the matter, when they bad not received any announcement on the subject? Still, he objected on principle, to the street committee having been called upon to report in the matter at all. He saw that they paid Sergeant Evans 5s. a week as inspector of nuisance, and he ought to report on the matter. If he considered that there was suffi- cient cause, he ought to report the subject to the board, and take out a summons against the offending parties. Let a specific charge be made by the in- spector, or the parties who felt themselves agrieved; but he (Mr Pell) should certainly object, as a mem- ber of the street committee, to be called upon to report on alleged nuisances in the town, more par- ticularly so when an officer was paid for performing the duties. The Chairman explained, that if he understood aright what passed at the meeting referred to, the inspector of nuisances reported that he had called at the place complained of and had examined it; but when interrogated by the commissioners, he failed ta satisfy them on all points that a nuisance really It was then stated by some present,^ that it would perhaps be more satisfactory to appoint some from their own body to examine the premises complained of, and report on the nuisance. -Mr Pell: Whether it is a nuisance or not, if rate- payers make a complaint, I thfink we should order the inspector to take proceedings, if the parties com- ] plaining wish it. Weare not here to decide whether it is a nuisance or not, it is for the magistrates to do that. The inspector could, at any rate, see that the parties complaining should have an opportunity of having a summons if they wish. The Clerk But don't you see, that unless the in- spector can certify that it is a nuisance, he cannot be expected to apply for a summons ? He has fre- quently visited the place, and he thinks that it is not a puisance. Mr Pell: In the event of any ratepayer coming forward to complain of any nuisanee, I think it is tbe bemaden duty of the inspector to take action in the matter. Mr Atwood I think that any persons complaining ought to do so themselves. The inspector is not bound to do so, if he does not think that a nuisance exists Why should they put it on the shoulder of the officer ? We are not sure that there is a nuisance there. Why should not Mr Williams summons the party himself? The Clerk If the inspector of nuisances says that he cannot see it is a nuisance, I do not see why he should proceed in the matter. Mr Pell: I think that such cases as these are specially provided for in the bye-laws. The Clerk Will the provision in regard to the removal of rags also apply to bones. Mr Hackney It is well-known that rags and bones are often active mediums for conveying disease. The Chairman I think the inspector is to take his orders from this board. If he is not satisfied that there is a nuisance, it was not right for the board to instruct their officer to take out a snmmons. Mr Pell: It is, I think, a primajacie case on which to act, when a ratepayer says it is a nuisance. It was the inspector's duty to visit the place daily when complaints were made of the nuisance, for the pur- pose of ascertaining whether it did exist. Why has he not examined the place? The Clerk But he has visited it. Mr John Jones, (Great Dark-gate-street,): Mr Thomas, our clerk, lives near the place complained of. Has he ever found it a nuisance ? The Clerk: I never heard of any injurious effects from it. I have had no reason to complain. Mr Hackney Nothing is worse than the smell emanating from bones. Mr Atwood said that Mr Williams was not with- out a remedy if he felt agrieved. If the inspector of nuisances did not see anything to complain of, then let him move in the matter but it was certain that the Board of Health was not to be bothered about such trumpery matters. Sergeant Evans, the inspector of nuisances, said that he visited the premises and saw rags there, but nq bones on that occasion. The place was very clean. The Chairman Did you speak to the neighbours and others about it? Did they complain of the' nuisance? Sergeant Evans: They did not complain to him, and he did not observe any offensive smell He did not smell anything there before, with the exception of about 18 months since, when there was a smell of bones there. The inhabitants did not complain to him of the nuisance. No one but Mr Williams ever complained to hirri The Clerk stated that after this statement, the persons who complained might themselves take what steps they thought proper in the matter if they con- sidered it a nuisance. Mr Pell terminated further conversation on the subject by proposing that Sergeant Evans visit the premises daily, and report the result. A fortnight ago it was promised that the street committee would examine it; so Evans thought that the matter had been taken out of his hands, and therefore had not visited the place since. That showed the folly of re- ferring such matters to the street committee. He ought to have been there every day. and would have been, had it not been for this. Under the circum- stances it was his duty to go there every day, instead of their taking, it out of his hands. Let them not delay further. If the inspector were satisfied that there was a nuisance, a summons should be taken out by the board. Sergeant Evans said that complaints were also made of the women who sorted the rags. The Clerk Very likely. They are the sort of women who would behave improperly. Dr. C. Rice Williams seconded Mr Pell's motion, which was carried without further remarks. THE PUMPING ENGINE Mr Thomas Jones, in reply to questions, stated that the committee who had been appointed to make eequiries respecting the purchase of a suitable steam engine, had seen Mr Ellis about it. They were of opinion that they could have one from Ellis which would suit them, and be cheaper than they could get one anywhere else. The price he asked was certainly lower. He would also probably agree to keep the engine in a proper state of repair, and the pumps in good working order. The board would have to pay for anything that they might require in mason work—a chimney, or anything of that kind. Such things, in the way of structure, must be at their own expense Ellis had also different parts of an engine, and the cylinder, which he could alter to serve the requisite purpose by making it a. pumping engine. He stated a few mornings since that he would, for a very small sum indeed, put up double pumps. They could perhaps buy this engine as cheaply if not cheaper than any other one that was so available. He would undertake to keep it in order. But this conversation with him must not be consi- dered as a final one but he (Mr Jones) believed that Mr Ellis might be got to keep it in order. They could not do better, he thought, than to leave it in the bands of the committee. Mr Pell said that Ellis could make his proposal to the committee at once. They could go and see him after the business was over. Mr Thomas Jones deemed it desirable to allow Mr Ellis a little time to make up his estimates. Mr. J. J. Atwood: Let us have a report on the subject in writing. Mr Thomas Jones I trust to the reporters for my reports in the absence of Mr Pell; they are my clerks. (Laughter.) THE WATER Fli'ES AND HYDRANTS. Mr Pell, in regard to this subject, stated that in case of fire, the hose was of no use unless they had the hydrants fixed in the pipes. The Clerk, in reference to the water pipes required, explained that they wanted 280 yards of the 6-inch bore which were offered them from the Cambrian Foundry, Newport, at 41. 7s. 6d. per ton. Mr Thomas Jones How many tons do you re- quire? Mr Pen j About eleven. He bagged to move that hydrants (pe also supplied at the earliest opportunity, and fixed'on. Mr Thomas Jones: How soon can "we have the pipes t Mr Pell: Almost immediately; and they will be delivered at one* if by rail. They keep this kind of pipes alwajp in stock. Mr Thomas Jones I think we had better have the hydrants first. The Turncock We can get the hydrants from Walsall. I am of opinion we ought to have one fixed every fifty yards. Mr Pell proposed that the hydrants be ordered immediately. The Clerk You can do nothing with the pipes until next meeting. Six-inch pipes are a com- mon bore enough. They keep thousands in stock, no doubt. Mr Thomas Jones If we wait a month, it will delay the time of payment for that period. I am sure, by the time we have the engine and all, we shall not be ready before two months. This suggestion was agreed to, as also was Mr Pell's motion in regard to the immediate order for -I the hydrants. MR. ARNOLD TAYLOR'S REPORT. Mr J. Pell and Mr John Jones expressed a wish to hear the Clerk read the report of Mr Arnold Taylor. Mr Atwood said that, as he had read it, he need not stop any longer. The Clerk replied that, as Mr Atwood had stated that he had read it over in ten minutes, perhaps he would be kind enough to read it to the board in that time. (Laughter.) Mr Atwood would certainly vote that it be printed for distribution. The Clerk said that they had already bound them- selves to abide by Mr Taylor's report. So there could be no opposition in regard to it. Mr Taylor had stated the question to them fairly and fully in his report. They must have a special meeting to consider it. Mr Thomas remarked that they must, of course, have a temporary supply of water. What had the committee been doing about the matter ? Mr Pell replied that they had dug to the depth of 19i feet on the flats at Plascrug. Mr Thomas Jones said that they must go 10 feet deeper. Mr Pell, reverting to the former subject, moved that 100 copies of the report be printed other mem- bers suggested 200. t Mr Pell and Mr John Jones said it was important to have the report printed as soon as possible. It should be ready in a month at furthest. M. D. Jenkins, on being appealed to, said that a month was too short a time for him to do it, as he had to print the bye-laws within that space. It was ultimately arranged that the Clerk should arrange for the printing at the earliest time possible. but it must not exceed a month. The Clerk had read the report of Mr Taylor pre- vious to the discussion on the printing. After some routine business bad been transacted, the meeting terminated.
MODERN INTENTION.—That great invention the "Chronograph" which times all the principal events of the day, and has revolutionized and superseded the clumsy old-fashioned "Stop-watch," seems likelv to be eclipsed in fame by that still greater and more useful invention the" Keyless Watch." The fact of no key being required renders these Watches indispensable to the traveller, the nervous and invalids,. The enormous number sent even by pott, to all parts of the world, is a convincing proof of their great utihty. The prices at which they are sold range from 5 to 100 guineas. Thousands of them are manufac- tured by Mr. J. W. BENSON, of Old Bond Street, and of the Steam Factory, Ludgate Hit!, London, who sends post free for iM. a most interesting historical pamphlet upon watch-making. Loss OF SIX LIVES, AND PARTIAL DESTRUCTION OF THE LUNATIC. ASYLUM AT AISNE, THROUGH THE IGYZRLOX OF _Hi' ) ORDINARY LUCIFER MATCH.—"A melancholy catastrophe has just taken place at Aisne, resulting in the destruction of a great part of the extensive Asylum, and the loss of si* Jives. It oc- cuned through one of the mmates settmg fire to his bed by light- ing an ordinary match." This is another striking instance of the value of those Matches (Bryant and May's) which light only (when so desired) on the box. ADVICE TO MOTHERS.—Are you broken of your rest by a sick child, suffering with the pain of cutting teeth ? Go at once to a chemist, and get a bottle of MBS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP. It will relieve the poor sufferer immediately; it is perfectly harm- less; it produces natural quiet sleep, by relieving the child from pain, and the little cherub awakes 38 bright as a button." It has been long in use in America, and is highly recommended by medical men; it is very pleasant to take; it soothes the child; it softens the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best known remedy for dysenDery and diarrhœa, whether arising from teething or other causes. Be sure and ask for Mas. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP, and see that" Curtis and Perkins, New York and London," is on the outside wrapper. No mother should be without it—Sold by aU medicine dealers at Is. lAd. per Bottle. London Depot, 493, Oxford Street.
TOWN COUNCIL, ABERYSTWYTH, Thursday, 14<A April, 1870. An adjourned meeting of the above body was held at the Town Hall on Thursday last, when the fol- lowing members were present:—John Matthews, Esq., (mayor,) in the chair; Aldermen Thomas Joues and John Davies Councillors Jonathan Pell, Philip Williams, T. O. Morgan, John Rees, D. Williams, G. T. Smith, and Richard Jones. Mr John Parry, Town Clerk,Mr Atwood, solicitor, and Mr Szlumper, C.E., were also present. The Town Clerk commenced the proceedings by reading the minutes of the two previous meetings. THE MARKET SCHEMES. Mr Szlumper quite startled the equanimity of the mayor and corporation by producing a highly finished sketch of a spacious market, constructed on improved modern principles. The design WHS mounted, framed, and glazed, and was presumed to be afac-simile of Mr James's New Market scheme. RED TAPEISM. Mr Atwood, in alluding to the importance of their preserving copies of all publii documents and IDP- morials, otherwise one memorial would be contra- dictory to another. This would never do. They might, in future years, have to make statements, which might he contradictory to those made before. The Clerk I never heard of such red txpeism in my life. What is the use of preserving such docu- ments? We may as well put them on the fire itfter six weeks. Mr Pell stated that it was important to preserve the documents in case they had to make future ap- plications to the Treasury. The Clerk replied that it was unnecessary to pre- serve documents in order to prevent the statement in one clashing with that of the other, as it was presumed that the corporation always stated facts when they sent a memorial, so they could not be wrong then. (Laughter ) THE MARKET TARIPF. The Clerk produced the market tariff of Swansea, Cardiff, Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Wrexham, for slaughtering, housing, and weighing ofanimats. A long discussion took place in regard to the charges made at the different markets, which varied considerably, Swansea proving the highest. The following is tbe rate for cattle, as charged in the various towns named,—Swansea, 2s. 6d.; Cardigan, 2s.; Wrexham, Is.; Carmarthen, Is. In Aberystwyth, market layers were supplied without extra charge but such did not appear to be the case in some other towns. Alderman Jones hoped that they would not fix he rates too high, otherwise it would at the com- mencement prove discouraging to those who were likely to become customers. Mr Pell explained that in proportion to the ac- commodation afforded, and other concomitant cir- cumstances, the charges were not too high. The people had no extra charge to pay here for keeping their animals 24 hours. They were accommodated during that time free of charge. If they were not allowed this convenience, they would be compelled to pay for putting tbe animals in stables. The com- mittee had taken all these questions into consi- deration when they fixed the rates. They found that in Cardiff and Oswestry no layers were provi- ded for, according to their rules as produced by the town clerk. They considered that it was not too much to charge 2s. So that we here did not charge more than Carmarthen in proportion to the accommodation. Mr David Williams said that he often heard that Cardigan was too higbj but be did not bear that Carmarthen was. Mr Pel) After the time specified, a charge of 3d. a day only was made.. Alderman Jones: We would be sorry to make our charges act as a porhibition to any disposed to attend. Mr Pell suggested, with a view of saving time, that the meeting should take the tariff item by item. The Clerk Is it not desirable that we should for thp first 12 months put a man in ourselves, as we The Clerk Is it not desirable that we should for thp first 12 months put a man in ourselves, as we did in the case of the harbour, so that we might know what it was worth. I would suggest that it is advisable to do so in this instance. Mr Pell: I think we had better wait nntil the 5tb of May next, when we shall have the tenders in. We can then see what we shall do. The Mayor and Alderman Jones were of opinion that the charges at Wrexham were about the near- est eruide to which this town should be regulated, as the population of the two places was about equal. The Mityor read the Wrexham tariff, which pro- vided a fee of Is. for each beast that was admitted to be slaughtered but a charge of 9d. per hour was made for every 12 hours that the animal would be retained until the space of 96 hours had expired, then they must be taken away if not slaughtered. Mr Pell, in reply to questions, explained that if thf owner of beasts found the market rather over- stocked on Friday, he might feel disposed to keep them until the following Tuesday or Wednesday, to avail a better market. Alderman Jones said this was often the case. He found on reference to the charges In the other towns that the average tariff would be Is. 9d. per beast. Mr Pell reminded them that it was far easier to reduce the eharge than to rise it. The committee had fixed a maximum price, and they* might easily reduce it at any time they thought proper. He warmly advocated the adoption of the rates men- tioned in the report of the committee. Mr Atwood coincided. They could never raise the rates, but they could easily reduce them. Mr Smith expressed himself in favour of adopting the maximum charges by all means. They could easily reduce them if they deemed it advisable. The Clerk reminded them that if they fixed the tariff too high, it might prevent offers from lessees. He recommended them, however, to take the mar- ket themselves for one year. It was a very impor- tant matter, and they had better postpone their decision until the next meeting. Mr Pell and Mr Smith strongly objected to wast- ing time in arriving at a decision. It would be a mere waste of time to postpone their decision. Some one might make a similar proposition at the next meeting. Alderman Jones thought that 3d. for every ad- ditional 24 hours was certainly not much to pay. Capt. Cumberland, who happened to be present on other business, was asked his opinion on the subject, and he replied that he understood from butchers, that a beast after being conveyed by rail- way to the slaughter-house, or after being over- treated by being driven, would not be cool enough to kill for 14 days. (No, no, and expressions of dis- sent.) A beast was not fit to be killed when too warm. The Mayor, after a general conversation, sugges- ted that every gentleman who wished to speak should stand up, so as to maintain some degree of ortl pr. Alderman Jones And limit them to time also. The tariff proposed was ultimately agreed to. The next item was the charge of 6d. per head for every calf. Mr Pell and Mr Smith, after several objections were raised against this charge, which was deemed too high by some members, warmly advocated its adoption. Mr T. Jones asked how many calves would make one bullock. (Laughter.) Mr Pell proposed, and Mr Smith seconded, the adoption of the report at 6d. The Mayor, on taking a division on the amend- ment proposed by Mr Rees, and seconded by Mr P Williams, declared that the original motion was carried by his own casting vote, there being 4 for the original motion, and 4 for the amendment. Mr T. Jones: You bad better split the difference, and make it od. Mr P. Williams then proposed an amendment to that effect, which was again rejected by the mayor's casting vote, go that the charge remained at 6d. (Applause.) The Mayor next took the sheep and lambs at 4d. each for the 24 hours, including the layers. Mr John Davies thought this higher in proportion than the others. Mr D. Williams and Mr P. Williams again pro- posed and seconded an amendment for fixing the charge at 3d. Mr Pell, on behalf of the committee, coincided this point without dividing the house. The various items in the report were minutely discussed at length, and agreed to. The town clerk was requested to prepare the rules, as the market will be completed by the 12tb of May. Various other interesting topics were likewise discussed, hut for want of space we are compelled to omit a fuller report until next week.
THE TERRACE ROAD MARKET SCHEME.—It will be observed by advertisements in our columns that the promoters of the above company have deter- mined not to allow their new scheme to moulder, like too many other incipient projects of modern speculators that are nipped in the bud" long before they arrive at years of maturity. Tenders must be sent in by Wednesday next. We have inspected the tasteful and handsome coloured plan of the commo- dious erection which it is proposed to adopt and without prejudice to any other scheme that has been proposed, we are in common candour bound to admit that the proposed edifice will prove a credit and an ornament to the town, when completed. The promoters have certainly exhibited a pluck which proves that they are possessed of admirable administrative ability. Mr. SzlumpeT has evinced great skill and judgment in the execution of the de- signs. We understand that Mr. James has ordered the temporary sheds in London, and that they will arrive in the course of a few weeks, so that they can be fixed at once in their proper position. Aberyst- wyth certainly evinces indications of going a-bead at high steam pressure. We can only express an impartial hope, in which we trust that every reader will mo-it heartily participate, and that is in wishing that the resources of this improving town and dis- trict will rapidly increase and multiply, so as to enable the enterprising share-holders in both of the schemes to reap an abundant reward in the shape of well-merited dividends. Then—eschewing all petty jealousies or rivalries as unbecoming the members of the same community, who have all the very pre- cisely analagous interests at heart—and that is SELF—may we all exclaim with one heart and one voice, in unison,—GOD SPEED THE TWO HARKBT SCHEMES
THE BUDGET. IN nnother column we give a full abstract of a speech which, in many respects, is the most important of the session, for the speech of the Chancellor of the Exchequer not only gives us an accurate account of the financial position of the country, but deals with the taxation of the coming year, a matter which deeply affects us all. The Budget which Mr. Lowe brought for- ward on Monday night does not fulfil the ex- aggerated expectations of a large portion of the public; but on the whole, it must be admitted to be a most favourable and encouraging state- ment. The revenue for the year 1869-70, after considerable reductions had been decided on, was estimated at £73,515,000. The actual receipts have exceeded this amount by £] ,819,000. For the year 1870-1 Mr. Lowe has, very happily a surplus of no less than f 4,297,000 to deal with, and we think that, whatever opinion may be entertained about particular items, the entire Budget scheme founded on this surplus will he generally satisfactory to the country. The Chancellor of the Exchequer proposes to abolish the game licence duty, and impose a new excise licence duty of £1 for carrying firearms; to allow the steaming of barley for the feeding of cattle; to abolish the taxes on soap-makers, paper-makers, and watch-case makers; to re- move certain duties and taxes on stamps and deeds; to equalise the duty on foreign and English bills; to abolish the impressed stamp on newspapers; to reduce the postage on news- papers weighing less than six ounces to one halfpenny; to alter the 5 per cent. railway pas- senger duty to 1 per cent.; to reduce the ipcome- tax to 4d.; to reduce the duty on sugar one half; and to abolish a number of small duties, such as those on hawkers and hail-storm and insurance duties. After having done all this, Mr. Lowe still has a surplus of jE331,000 to carry forward. The Budget, it will thus be seen, contains no glorious surprise; it is not a remarkable or striking scheme; but it deals with a number of interests, and does a great deal towards free and unhampered trading. In fact, it abolishes a good deal of that Government interference with trade which has always been found so injurious; and, on the whole, we cannot but regard it as a sound and judicious, if not a brilliant Budget ♦
EXPERIENCE TAUGHT IS BETTER THAN EXPERIENCE BOUGHT. It must prove gratifying to our readers to find that the town commissioners have, at length, deter- mined on acting with becoming promptitude in re- gard to supplying Aberystwyth with the requisite number of hydrants, for the purpose of providing against any outbreak of fire in the place. We have, during the past week, had a tragic lesson taught all municipal authorities, by the frightful conflagration at Cardiff, which proved fatal to four of our fellow- creatures. In the early hour of the morning, long before the break of day, a hotel in Cardiff was sud- denly discovered to be literally belching forth for- midable flames of fire, when the unhappy inmates were peaceably locked in slumber, and, in this in- stance, the ominous forerunner of that long last sleep which knows no awaking until the last trumpet shall sound on the resurrection day. Well may our Cardiff cont emporaries descrihe this signal calamity as "a most mysterious affair," which the voluminous evidence already adduced before the coroner has failed to marvel. A calamity of this character cannot otherwise than awaken universal sympathy and commiseration. It comes vividly home to every hearth. The castle, the mansion, the house of business, and the cottage, are all alike personally interested in the grim and direful story which was first told us so graphically by the Western Mail of Monday last. The able writers of that journal, after detailing the startling dramatic inci- dents of the fearful scene, are themselves, with all their local knowledge and superior sources of infor- mation, quite unable to give a solution of the dread- ful problem, even to their own satisfaction. The horrible tale is shortly told when divested of all concomitant circumstances. Mr Stacey. an old- established landlord of the Glamorgan Hotel, a host- 1 lery, situated in a densely populated portion of the "metropolis of Wales," and not far removed from the splendid Bute Docks, which vies in importance with any similar shipping accommodation in the kingdom, retires to bed, with his daughter, two 1 grand-children, and two guests, at about 11 to 12 o'clock on Saturday night last. The cares and < anxieties of a bustling week in a busy town like ] Cardiff, are presumed to terminate awhile, and Sab- < batic rest is anticipated for a brief space before the duties of another week commences. The policemen make their periodical rounds as the guardians of an exceedingly heavy taxed community. The munici- j pal authorities appoint what they fondly deem to be ( an efficient body of constables as compared with the extent and population of the town. The melancholy sequel is soon told without unnecessary circumlocu- I tion. Between 2 and 3 in the morning, the house is j discovered by neighbours—not by the duly consti- 1 tuted guardians of the still hours of night—enve- < loped from base almost to attick in one mass of 1 roaring and devouring fire. Flames burst from the windows, flames rear their formidable death dealing 1 crests to the very roof, and then shoot aloft in tri- umph when, alas it is too late to succor the hapless victims that are already clasped in their grim em- brace. The town boasts of an imposing steam fire-engine, ] the pride of the corporation,—of an active brigade, 1 who are fondly imagined to be ready for any emer- gency. Distracted spectators, stupified policemen, 1 affrighted neighbours, rush hither and thither pell- mell, without organization, presence of mind, or t, order. The steam fire-engine is got out, and the cumbrous machine has positively to be dragged to j the fatal scene by three or four men, when a couple ( of torses were required on the arduous task. The I comedy, or rather tragedy, of errors and blunders ] does not end here. The engine is upset in getting it to proper position. The time that might have been rendered available in saving human life is ir- recoverably lost-never to be redeemed. The pallid enemy has done all but his worst. One guest es- capes half nude by "the skin of his teeth." The landlord is happily found in a state of insensibility, from which be has not yet recovered. A child is rescued when too late, and the remaining four are burnt to a cinder. No fire-escape has been thought of, although the authorities have provided one. Everything appears j to have been couducted in a hap-hazard, random manner. The house is burnt almost to the ground before the engine could be brought to play effec- tively. It is somewhat consoling to be reminded that it is never too late to mend. The past can never be re- called but the present and the future are, to some extent, under the control of the vigilant. We are glad to observe that Mr John Winstone, who is him- self a large hotel proprietor in the town, has, in his capacity as juryman, critically cross-examined the parties who are held responsible by the vox populi for this direful catastrophe. Our main object in alluding at length to this cala- mitous incident is, to remind our own local authori- ties that to be forewarned ought to be forearmed. We are glad to find that Mr Pell has already taken the initiative in advocating immediate provision for such disastrous contingencies; and we trust shortly to hear the report of the committee recently ap- pointed in the motion of Capt. Lewis, to whom was delegated the duty of enquiring into the best pro- visions that it is desirable to make in order to afford assistance on the occasion of such casualties, which are liable to ocour in Aberystwyth at any moment as well as Cardiff, when none are prepared for the emergency. It, is to be devoutly wished that mea- sures will be taken for the supply of a fire-engine, as an absolute necessity for the protection not only of property, but of life itself. Let the sad warning afforded by Cardiff impress upon our own authorities the salutary lesson, if we reverse it, that experience taught is far better than experience bought" at a sacrifice of additional lives.
THE NEW BOARD OF GUARDIANS.—This year, several old and familiar faces will disappear from our list of guardians for the past year. In the country districts many changes have been made by arrangement without a contest. For Aberystwyth, Messrs John Ellis, lime-bnrner, Thomas Samuel, currier, and Richard Jones, coal merchant, will take the vacant places of Messrs Evan Hugh Morgan, John Jones, Commerce House, and John Watkins, wine merchant, who have long and faithfully acquit- ted themselves of the trust reposed in them for so many years. The other town guardians have con- sented to retain office, in order to induct their new colleagues into the mysteries of the guardianship of the poor. The first meeting of the new board will take place on Monday next, when a new chairman will have to be elected, in consequence of the retire- ment of Mr Parry, who has so long and conscien- tiously made valuable use of the talents entrusted to his keeping before giving up his stewardship to his successor. In many unions in Wales, a fierce competition for the office of guardian has been waged, and as many as 33 candidates have offered themselves for election, when there are only three to be ap- pointed but all has passed off with the utmost har- mony in this union.
EMIGRATION. During the few past months, the emigration furor appears to have persistently set in so far as this and the adjoining counties are concerned. Some of the rllraldistricts of Montgomery are becoming absolutely depopulated. On Monday week, about 50 substantial farmers and others left for America, to settle in the interior, in proximity to the great trunk railway. This band of colonists is only an instalment as com- pared with the hundreds who are to follow for the better land." A large number of persons have also left different parts of Cardiganshire for America and our Colonies. There seems to be a wide-spread de- termination to explore the far West and the numer- ous fields of enterprise that are thrown up to the adventurous people who do not shrink from hard work, and are ready to turn their hands to anything which holds out a prospect of a competency in after years, instead of retirement to the union workhouse when the weights of years begins to stiffen the joints and whiten the ebon locks." The Newtown papers teem with the advertisements of farmers who are leaving their native land for distant prairies, where they are determined to make the earth yield her in- increase in reward tor the honest toil that is lavished upon her by vigorous labour. The ultimate effect of this wholesale emigration to the favourite retreats of the sons and daughters of the mother country, must prove salutary to- those who are left, as it will tend to diminish the alarming competition that is maintained in every branch of the labour market. No sooner than the hardy cnltivator of the soil intimates his intention of leaving his ances- tral acres, than a score of persons are eager to rush to his place and are ready, in most cases, to offer a far higher rental. Emigration has the greatest charms for those who are blessed with a numerous progeny, whose future in this country would be clouded. In distant settlements, if children are not money, they are at any rate money's worth; and every chubby boy and dimpled lass, render their parents inestim- able service in the way of cheerful service, until it is their time to act their part on life's ever varying stage, and undertake their turn in the responsi- bilities of life during their earthly pilgrimage in this mundane sphere of usefulness. Notf only is the prospect in life enhanced in the salubrious climes to which we have alluded, but the necessities are less.' In this country we have arrived at such an artificial state of civilization, aye, and superfine refinement that the cost of maintaining appearance and aping one's richer or more extravagant neighbours, is some- thing prodigious; and sons, wives, and daughters prove a prodigious incubes that weigh not only on the hearts, but also the purses of pater familias. What wonder then that his heart pants for less arti ficial and more natural countries, where harps and pianoes are in less request than milk pails, and where the progeny, instead of fleecing the governor, direct their intense attention to shearing sheep ? The me- chanical arts are again in great demand, and the toil of the thrifty and skilled artizan meets with its full demand; and independence of action is secured, which is almost unknown in happy England. The exodus from England and Wales is only checked by the absence of means, otherwise, there is ample rea- son to believe that our towns and villages, our ham- lets and divisions, would be absolutely decimated. The people who cannot afford to leave their country are clamorous in their demands for Government aid, and deep discontent is brooding at home in half the emporiums of national industry. Even in Aberyst- wyth, the prevailing topic is emigration, and hun- dreds are only waiting an opportunity to bid a long farewell to their native land, and scarcely care to what land their wandering feet might be directed, so long as honest labour can secure its full meed. Although the population in Aberystwyth is not increasing in equal proportion to many other places, there is little reason to dread a rapid multiplication unless manufactures of some kind are started, so as So keep the surplus population in employ, and thus lid in circulating the current coin of the realm. We lave only touched upon a few of the questions that ire now being canvassed throughout the length and Jreadth of the land by hundreds of ambitious and hscontented folk who have real or imagined cause ;0 look forward to brighter prospects than are held )ut to them in wide England. The numerous rela- -ibns and friends that are plodding in Australia, (America, and numerous other fields of colonial enter- prise, offer increased inducements to the people at lome to follow suit and join those who give glowing accounts of their successes. Domestic servants are sverywhere in great request at wages amounting to tetween 202. and 401., according to qualifications and he locality in which they are domiciled. The latches of emigrants arriving at Liverpool from iVales are increasing every week, and from the indi- lations around us we are persuaded that thousands nore will for ever quit their homes in Cardiganshire md the other counties in South Wales before the .dvent of another year.
MINING INTELLIGENCE. LEAD MINING. The lead mines of this and the djacent district appear to be at a premium in the London markets for some months past, and the tide f speculation, which often ebbs more rapidly than t flows, appears to set in steadily. Eager and keen yes on the stock exchange are anxiously directed uwards the North Wales mines; and we hear ru- lours in all quarters of new London companies that re being daily established to work fresh mines, and o reopen those that have, for some reason, been long aeated. A new London company has been formed 0 work the Ty'nant Mine, near Talybont; and the peratives commenced work last Monday. Another ompany commenced operations the same day at the log Mine, Pontrhydfendigaid; and half-a-dozen new chemes are about being perfected in the immediate neighbourhood of Aberystwyth. Miners are looking or a ready market and high wages when all the rojects in contemplation are in full swing. The ;entlemen on the stock exchange are intently bent n this interesting mining game, and they closely ratch the fluctuations in the market. It is, how- ver, an ill wind that blows none some modicum of ood; and many hands will find ample employment jr some time, at least, whilst London coin will be ransferred to Welsh pockets with unusual celerity. )f course, it behoves the investors to be wary how hey embark their money, and what is the character f the scheme submitted to them with such con- dence and in such golden colours. The devices esorted to in too many instances are scandalous, nd the uninitiated are "taken in and done for" Imost as soon as they can ejaculate" Jack Robin- on." We had a curious specimen of mining specu- itions at the Aberystwyth County Court a few reeks ago. The perusal of that case should act as salutary lesson. Companies are often set afloat y penniless adventurers, whose sole object is to upe their victims by fraudulent representations, nd they suddenly wake up to discover with chagrin hat they have met with people wiser in their ge- eration than themselves, and that they have been old without any current equivalent in shares or pecie. The crafty thus net thousands at the ex- ense of the credulous, and really respectable com- anies are thus brought into disrepute by sheer iJD- ostors.
ALARMING FIRE. Between 10 and 11 p.m. of the 7th inst. the stable nd cowhouses, which were in a row, at Gostreissat n the parish of Llangybi. and occupied by Mr Thomas Griffiths, cattle dealer, were discoveredito Ie on fire. The servant rushed out from bed, with inly his shirt on, and after loosing the horses out rom tbe stable, hurried to arouse Mr Griffiths and lis family; and on going back to his bedroom, which ras above the stable, found the room in a blaze, to- gether with the buildings mentioned. Before any .ssistance could be rendered, 16 head of cattle fell a acrifice to the conflagration, and the harness.of the lorses were also burnt. Nothing is known of the irigin of the fire. The servant denies having lit any aatches that night. THE MILITIA.—The recruits of the Royal Cardi- ganshire Militia have commenced their drill prior to he arrival of the main body, who will probably lumber about 280. The former are not more than 8, as notoriously bad characters are not invited to ncrease the muster roll of the regiment. The re- sruits assemble for drill near the Barracks. THE MARKET.—On Monday, the fine weather iecured a large attendance of the inhabitants of the iurrounding districts, but business, in nearly every >ranch, was rather sluggish. The exceptions are in he seed department, where a brisk trade was ob- lervable. Farmers are making active preparations or strewing their various crops after the copious and velcome rainfall during the few days previously, rhere was, likewise, a large demand and a propor- tionate supply of cabbage plants, which sold at about Is. 6d. per hundred. Nearly all the country folks iecured bundles of these useful vegetables for garden sulture. In the grain market, no change worthy of 'ecord was observable. Attempts were made to rise he price by Is. a bag but generally proved unsuc- :essful, as the demand was rather limited. The )rices have been stationary for some month or more )ast. The pig trade was unusually slack, the supply jeing smaller than it has been for months past, rhere were only half-a-dozen oarts with small pigs, which sold at an advance on recent prices. They 'etched from 20s to 26s. Cask butter was sold at lOd. to lid. per lb. Potatoes were as usual, 3s. ind 3s. 6d. per bushel. Common cheese, 4d. per lb. rhere was a limited supply of wool at 8d. to 10d. per lb. HOLLOW AY'S PILL.—Health and Vigour.—To the nost regular livers occasional disturbances of digestion will occur, vhich may be corrected at once by these famous Pills, the alfer- itive and tonic powers of which cannot be too highly extolled. 1 dose now and then will prove salutary to everyone, but a 'ontinued course must be taken by the confirmed invalid. It is vonderful how the appetite and digestion improve in proportion Pills exert their wholesome influence over the animal HXmotny. They augment muscular strength and mental vigour. Holloway's Pills frequently cure diseases of the digestive organs ifter all other medicines have failed to aftbrdreiief, and they are specially serviceable in disorders of the liver and kidneys. LUXURIANT AND BEAUTIFUL HAIR.—Mrs S. A. ALLEN'S [VOBLD'S HAIR RESTORER OR DRESSING never fails to quickly •esUtfe Grey or Faded Hair to its youthful colour and beauty, md with the first application a beautiful gloss and. delightful ragrance in given to the Hair. It stops the Hair from falling off. :t prevents baldness. It promotes luxuriant growth; it causes he Hair to grow thick and strong. It removes all dandruff. It ontains neither oil nor dye. In large Bottles—Price Six Shil- ings. Sold by Chemists and- Perfumers. Depot, 266, High lolbom, London.—FOR CHILDREN'S HAIR.—MBS. ALLEN'S ZYLOBALSAMUM" far excels any pomade or hair oil, and is a leiightful Hair Dressing: it is a distinct and separate prepara- ion from the Restorer, and its use not required with it. .j "< SUDDEN DEATH.—On Tuesday last, a little boy, three years of age, son of Capt. Lewis, late of the [ Waterloo, died after a very brief attack of that fatal enemy of little children, the croup. The little fellow r had been running about on the previous day, in the [ apparent possession of his usual good health, when thus unexpectedly he was nipped in the bud. CHURCH PAKADE.—The militia staff and recruits, headed by their band, marched to church on Sunday morning last. The fine morning and the lively melody combined, attracted quite a crowd of spec- tators. The recruits have been drilled on the Ter- race during the week, in the presence of Capt. Lewis and other officers. The indefatigable drill sergeants appear to take great pains with their awkward squad, and their patience is rapidly reducing them to some shape. The recruits are few in number this year, as they do not exceed twenty. THE LLANBADARN CLOCK.—The large and hand- some clock with which the ancient church is furnished has, apparently, been wound up, like many forefathers of the hamlets who have gazed upon its face for the time o'day, for it is quite at a stand still, and does not progress more than its native village. It has been in that unsatisfactory state for some consider- able time, and does not appear to possess a single friend who will take the trouble to regulate its in- terior, and set its hands, which are of the uncommon length of 6 feet, in motion. Its hands and face are accordingly useless, and it might as well be interred in the churchyard for all its mortal use as a member of society. It is sad indeed, that no one will set a subscription on foot, so as to set the colossal time- piece a-going. It has been hinted that the public crier's services will be called into requisition shortly in proclaiming, like the ancient watchmen, how the hours progress by day and night, unless something be done to make this essentially silent monitor speak out its mind like an honest clock. PREFERMENT.—Mr Gladstone, on behalf of the crown, has nominated the Rev. Thomas Matthews, B.D., of St. David's College, Lampeter, formerly vicar of Cilycwm, to the vicarage of Llandingad, Llandovery, vacant by the elevation of the Rev. Joshua Hughes to the bishoprick of St. Asaph. The living is in the gift of the Bishop of St. David's, but the present nomination falls, according to custom, on the crown. The Welsh speaking natives of the Principality, who are attendants at the Established Church have. for once, no longer reason to complain that the four Welsh bishops are unable to understand the vernacular, inasmuch as they are enabled, not only to preach in the native language, but they are also Celtic scholars. The present bishops of St. David's, Llandaff, Bangor. and the bishop elect of St. Asaph, are all Welsh scholars. It may, conse- quenty, be inferred that they will secure Welsh speaking clergymen to the parishes in which it is desirable to have services conducted in the language best understood by the parishioners. This will be presumed to remove one of the fruitful source of grievance in respect to the Welsh Church. DEATH OF A PROMISING YOUNG SEAMAN.—On Tuesday last, a telegram arrived in this town from the captain of one of the Oriental steamers, of South- ampton, from Calcutta, announcing the death from cholera, at the above named port. of Mr Thomas Jones, of Aberystwyth, the second officer. The sad event happened about a month ago Mr Jones is the son of Mrs Jones, of 42, Marine Terrace, in this town, and was only 26 years of age. He was a skil- ful and expert seaman, and bid fair to be a further credit to his profession. He was much beloved by a large circle of respectable friends in his native town, and he further succeeded in winning the sin- cere confidence and esteem of his superior officers, and the kindest feelings of his brother officers and the crew generally. He was prominent in those manly and generous characteristics of the British seaman, which secure them warm friends and ad- mirers both at home and abroad, to whatsoever country their professional duties require them to steer their course. Some three or four years ago, Mrs Jones' eldest son succumbed to the same fatal epidemic, in the same presidency, which proves su fatal to Europeans, and Mr Thomas Jones was pre- sent when his brother departed this mortal life. MARINE VISITORS.—On Sunday and Monday last, the promenaders on the Castle grounds and the Ter- race were amused for hours in watching the manoeu- vres of a species of seal, which had visited our coast, owing, probably, to the rough weather which it had encountered. The storm drum, on the flag staff, bad for some days been hoisted to indicate rough weathter. The sea was, however, calm near the shore, and the seal was busily engaged in fishing. They consume an imense number of fish, and are as voracious as most denisons of the mighty deep. They occasionally dived, reappearing shortly afterwards 40 or 50 yards distant from the spot where they had last disappeared. The head, which was of a darkish colour, was dis- tinctly visible above the water. This specimen of the numerous species is locally known to the natives as Morlo in Welsh, which means a sea calf. It is a member of the smallest species. They are gre- gareous in their favourite haunts, and are very com- monly found on the Cornish coast. On Monday morning, attempts were made to shoot the quadruped; but it proved too quick for its foes and dived con- tinually, so as to render it difficult to take an accurate aim. After having been thus disturbed, it is not likely to reappear in this immediate neighbourhood. Last year a similar animal was captured alive in the adjacent rocks, and it was exhibited alive for some time. The seal is remarkably docile, and easily tamed. Itinerant showmen often exhibit their per- formances. They are trained to obey the voices of their keepers, and to turn somersets in a large tub of water, and even to fire a pistol with their queer looking front paws. Fishermen also report that shoals, or rather packs, of porpoises have been ob- served in the bay during the early part of the week, making sad havoc of the small fish. The porpoise is classed by naturalists as of the animal, and not the fish species, being a member of the cetaceous family. They haunt the shoals of herrings and other fish in the most ingenious manner, showing even greater dexterity and sagacity than is evinced by the hound when coursing a hare. NEW BUILDINGS.—In addition to the new build- ings in course of erection, several others will, be commenced as soon as arrangements are completed. Mr Thomas Davies, builder, purposes et-eétin ei t substantial dwellings-houses inNewfoundland^strMf. Messrs. Hughes and Williams have nearly VraapleteHL three very neat houses in Mill-streaft; and they s are about undertaking the erection ofyseveral others, Mr Thomas Jones's three handsomp houses in the 1 Queen's Road are roofed and nearlyycompleted. iffie new English Wesleyan Chapel, als In Queen's Roid, is externally almost finished; &n<z the spire has ceived its ornamental brass or gilt top, which has a fine effect when seen prominency glittering in the rays of the sun. Mr. Williams/ contractor, of Car- diff, has commenced active operations in Victoria Terrace, beyond the Queen's Hotel and elegant residences will soon adorn that favourite marine parade. The new Baptist Clapel, in Alfred Place, will probably be completed ina few weeks; and Mr. Bonsall's new cottages in Crynfryn Row, at the back of the Infirmary, will sfton be ready for tenants, prior to Mr Thomas Davies, the contractor, com- mencing another lot. The/little soda water, lemon- ade, and mineral manufactory on the Llanbadarn road has been completed, and has commenced active operations. NV must w pass over in silence the new rival market schemes in embryo, those in Mar- ket-street and terrace Read, the latter of which has been actually rekis^ere^ ln London, with a rapidity that does credit to its executive function. Shall we, or shall we not, ^ave twp new markets ? That is the question. It willAno donbt, be settled shortly. Both parties are in thei neldj and show a bold and deter- mined front. The pubfic have now the two schemes before them, and it remains for them which to coun tenance and tbeycan decide whether they will sup- port the one, both, or neither. Various arguments are used in favour of each. It is evident that the inhabitants are getting more alive to the require- ments of the town, and that they grow anxious to keep pace with the spirit of this restless and revolu- tionary age. In addition to the new buildings-tbat have been named, there are observable many im- provements in the old ones, which have been greatly renovated. Mr Edwards is rebuilding a rather an- cient house in Terrace Road, wbtch will improve the street. Mr John Rees, cabinetmaker, of Little Dark-gate-street, is also adding another story to his provision shop, (endeavouring to remodel on modern principles a musty antique abode. Mr Richard Mor- gan will shortly complete the shop and premises in Great Dark-gate-street, which he has entirely re- constructed on the foundation of the time-honoured rickety old edifice that had seen "the light of other days." Mr Isaac Hopkins, in the same leading thoroughfare is rapidly rearing two substantial hou- ses of business in the improved style of modern taste. What with spacious shop fronts, and facings of Bath bricks, our ancestors would not recognise the new corner house upon the foundations of the venerable 7-feet wall of the town proper in remote days. By the bye, the modern builders and innovators are de- termined to ransack our ancient town walls in all quarters. They are in this respect allied to the Goths and Vandals who pillaged ancient cities. They are no respecters of the dust of ages," or the relics of bygone years. Utility is their motto, and im- provement and expediency their governing principle. If this progressive principle long continues, we shall most assuredly have no vestiges of early creation left. We shall next witness the demolition of our time- honoured castle to make room for some limited or unlimited chalybeate spa and mineral water com- pany. The conservatives of the old school are begin- ning to view with suspicion these revolutionary indi- cations, and are ready to ask themselves the momen- tous question, "When and where is this all to end? It is sufficient to wake up the spirit of OUT fore- fathers. This pickaxe and trowel mania assumes a formidable and encroaching position in every direc- tion. New markets, slaughtering houses, water works, and what not stare the venerable and much honoured individual "the oldest inhabitant," in every direction. People of a "certain age" are seriously deliberating whether the children of this perverse and forward generation are, or are not, wiser than their ancestors. Does it foretell of a financial crisis, or of "baseless fabric of a vision," or of a second Brighton in Cardiganshire ? The ancients wag their sage heads but the innovators on old times" pre- dict the latter. ( ^————^ ^T*?EJTIES ot THE ^EACE«—At the petty sessions* on Wednesday last, before the Mayor and John Dt' vies, Esq., John Jones, carman, of North Parade, applied for sureties of the peace against Williarf Evans, farmer, of this town. The quarrel between them sppears to have been the result of "a formed grievance some six weeks ago, when Jones obtained a conviction against Evans for an assault. Since; that period the best feelings did not exist between the litigants, and on Saturday last, they happened,' unfortunately, to meet at the Golden Eao-le" Inn.j where they came to an open rupture. The complain-! ant stated that Evans used threatening language* which was calculated to provoke a breach of the peace and he even lifted up his hand, as if he in- tended to strike complainant. These were the cir- cumstances under which he applied for magisterial protection. The defendant, on the other hand, pleaded that he had sustained great provocation at the hands of Jones, whose conduct was not so imma- culate in the affair as he would have the bench to believe. The magistrates, after further crimination and re-crimination on the part of the both, deter- ( mined, as the application was pressed, to order the defendant to enter into the required sureties, himself in bl and one surety in the like amount, to keep the peace for 12 months. The recognizances were duly entered into, and Jones then retired, apparently well satisfied as to his future safety. ALLEGED FISH NUISANCE.—At the same sessions, at the Hall, James Maconochie, general dealer, of Great Dark-gate-street, was summonsed by Sergeant Evans, inspector of nuisances, for having on the 9th instant, caused a nuisance in the public streets by allowing the brine offish to run from his premises into the thoroughfare, so as to cause a great annoy- ance The inspector described the nuisance pro- duced, which was, in his opinion, prejudicial to the health and comfort of the community. Mr D. Jenkid Davies, chemist, who live nearly opposite the de- fendant s premises, corroborated the officer's opinion in regard to the offensive exhalations from the brine. The defendant, in reply to the charge, expressed his regret that he had unintentionally given offence in placing fresh pickle in some casks of herrings. Some of the brine had accidentally escaped into the street. He would endeavour to prevent a repetition of the annoyance that had been complained of. The bench expressed a hope that the public would exercise greatest caution in preventing the existence of all such nuisances which must endanger the public health. In this instance no penalty would be in-i flicted, as it was the first offence against him, but he would have to pay 2s 6d. costs. ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCHYARD.—-Few spectacles are more distressing to the ordinarily sensitive mind than to observe our parish churchyards indicate, by their decayed and neglected appearance, that seemly care and attention are not paid to the last resting places where the forefathers of the hamlet sleep Our own churchyard affords a melancholy example in this respect. A number of the tomb and grave stones have tumbled down in all directions, and many others are totteriag to their fall. The place is in some directions strewn with old shoes, decayed rags, and miscellaneous rubbish. The eye of the passing.. stranger cannot otherwise than be arrested by the desolate appearance of two railed vaults in the central walk, and nearly opposite the principal en- > trance. The luxurious growth of a wilderness of brambles and briars over the poor sleepers is some- thing revolting to witness. Whether this apparent thing revolting to witness. Whether this apparent 1 neglect is attributable to shortcomings on the part !i of-a generation of churchwardens, or whether it rests t at the doors of others, it is difficult, and perhaps, t hazardous to state but certain it is that all will .1 agree in thinking that it is a lamentable circumstance. 1 The friends and relatives of many of the families who )j have tablets sacred to their memories have departed from this mundane scene, and if they still retain life, they are absent from Aberystwyth in the body. It /• is not to be expected that the graves should be care- N fully repaired but very little expense and trouble B would be incurred in not suffering the stones to lie t scattered about, and to assume every conceivable shape but the one originally intended and brambles and briars, if but once in ten years, may be removed from prominent situations without the outlay of much time or money. A labourer, at the cost of a few shillings, would obviate the necessity of complaining. But in this, like in most similar cases, what is almost ,J everybody's business, is practically nobody's; and our churchyard may yet be allowed for another season to be a reproach, if not a scandal, to churchgoers. A FURIOUS COW UP-STAIKS.—On Monday last, i considerable amusement and, occasionally, not a f little consternation, was caused by the eccentricities of an infuriated cow which had, by accident or de- sign, been deprived of her offspring. The vaccine parent became distracted at her bereavement, and the want of sympathy she experienced among an llIr :v! generous public. She determined to ignore the con- i trol of the Llanrhystid farmer who drove her, with her calf, into town, and to avenge herself on all who opposed her progress. She resolved, like, the mo- ther of poetic effusion, to search high and low, up- stairs, as well as down-stairs for the object of her solicitude and although she could not tell her grief otherwise than by unmistakeable lowing, it was evi- 1 dent that she proclaimed in bellowing accents of •.[ frantic energy. I've lost, I've lost my child." Af- ter collecting a crowd by her frantic behaviour, she < cleared a course through them in a twinkling, by a headlong charge, upsetting several in her way. Ob- serving a decidedly suspicious-looking house in Queen's-road, which was kept by a widow named; Jones, the animal, at once lowering her head, made a direct plunge at the closed door, smashing it in a trice, and rushed up-stairs, as if armed with a search- warrant. After such a-getting up-stairs," a bold blacksmith in the crowd, fearing fatal results from the unexpected visit of such an unannounced guest rushed up after her, and seizing the unwelcome visi- tor by the tail, succeeded with some assistance, in ignominiously ejecting the poor creature in as sum- mary a manner as she had effected her entrance. Nothing soothed by this gentle treatment, the animal rushed into the street, and made for the Terrace- road, knocking down and upsetting many persons in her impetuous career. After running what in polite phraseology is designated a promiscuous muck > the excited beast bent her course 3>efecha'n | where she overthrew a few other unlucky *H^hts* l but happily no serious damage was sustained, — I though several people were bruised, and many more sadly frightened by the little episode. The cow, on becoming exhausted, was easily secured. The ex- peditious flight of the startled populace on the ap- proach of the frantic quadruped afforded much amusement, when the cause of alarm proved to be only a cow," and not a member of the more formid- able gender. EMIGRATION PROM ABERYSTWYTH AND NEIGH- BOURHOOD.—Last week, a very affecting scene was witnessed in Montgomery station. No fewer than 70 of the inhabitants of the little town in that vicinity and the surrounding districts had determined to search for a transatlantic home. Hundreds of friends and relations assembled to take their last fond farewell of the bold and adventurous spirits, who were prin- cipally members of the yeominry classss, some of whom had large farpilies. This is but another in- stalment of the emigration parties who purpose fol- lowing their friends and relations to hail Columbia or Australia." In the slate and mineral districts of Angsley, Carnarvon, and Denbigh, the anxiety to emigrate is weekly increasing. In fact, the love of emigration increases with emigration itself, to para- phrase the saying of an old classical author in regard to the love of money, which may, after all, prove by far the greatest incentive to emigration, as its ac- quisition also proves a material guarantee for that independence of position and action, which it is hazardous for small farmers to maintain in Wales and most other parts of the kingdom. Political economists and staticians are well aware that the .number of small freeholders in this country is di- minishing every year, by a gradual, but, apparently, inevitable Jaw of territorial encroachment on the part of the capitalists. The large landed proprietors are gradually, generation after generation, acquiring land; and the smaller *>ot>g-ht out, seek in distant region# widespreading ''runs" of rich pasturage of their own with the ready money they can command, and which exceed in virgin area, if not in artificial fertility, half-a-dozen demesnes of the greatest feudal lords of England. Nature, ever kindly, endeavours to balance all inequalities Those who cannot thrive in the mother country, have varied and attractive collection of" Eldoradoes from which to select their future home, and if the numerous colo- nies of the mother country afford no inducement to attract their wandering footsteps, they can betake themselves to the almost boundless prairies of the star and stripes. On Tuesday last, a number of emigrants from Aberystwyth and neighbourhood left for the grand republic. Some took their departure^' I from the Aberystwyth and Bowstreet railway sta- tions. Among. others, Mr George Lumley, of this town, with his wife and family, took his departure to the far west, which is, of late years, rendered so easy of access through the instrumentality of improved marine steam engine.
fitrtfi. On the i2th inst., the wife of Mr James G. Green, Shipbuilder's Row, in this town, of a son. IBeattjs. On the 14th ult., at Calcutta, after a short ill- ness, aged 26 years, Mr Thomas H. Jon"8' second officer of the Peninsular and Oriental sS* ^eccan, and second son of the late Mr ThoJÍ1- nes, 42, Marine Terrace, in this town-deep).f regretted by a large circle of friends. On the 8th inst., aged 69 Mr Richard Edwards, Cilpill, Llangeitho* in. 4 *s .^unt7- On the 10th inst., short illness, aged 51 years, Mr John Mellipgs, Commercial Hotel, in this town. On the 10th iDst., after a protracteti illness, aged 40 year9 Mr Ed*'ard r'.ewton! Hairdresser aud Per- fumer, Pier-9"eet, in this town. On the l2th, a,?ed 1 year amd 3 months, Anne El'zabe > t'le infant daughter of Mr William Kensit, 40 Marine Terrace. '00 the 13th inst., aged 28 years, Mr David Jones, Shoemaker, and second son of Mr Owen Jones, Blue Gardens, in this town.
MONUMENTS for Churches, Churchyards, and Cemeteries, executed in Stone, Marble, and Granite, may be inspected in the Show Rooms, at R. DODSOK'8 Marble Works, Swan-hill, Shrewsbury.