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(Dor IMwm Carmpitkni

THE (lAME LAWS.

MB. J. NORMAN LOCKYER ON "THE…

THE QUEEN'S PRIVATE SECRETARY.

FIRE AND LOSS OF FOUR LIVES…

[No title]

CARRYING IT WITH A nIGH HAND!

MR. J. S. MILL AND THE EDUCATION…

PRINCE NAPOLEON on the PLEBISCITUM

HINDOO THEISM.

WILL OF THE LATE EARL OF DERBY

PAUPERISM AND SELF-HELP.

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PAUPERISM AND SELF-HELP. ^In London, on Monday night, at a meeting of the N ation-t Association for the Promotion of Social Science, Mr. Hastings in the chair, Mr. C. Lamport read a pa,er upon Pauperism and Self-help." After giving a >i8torical sketch of the pauperism of the country fr-m a remote period down to the present time, Mr. Lamport submitted the synopsis of a scheme to et.¡Ørblish a National Friendly Society in connexion wi^ and by means of the existing Poor Law system. The primary object of the society would be to Gminish pauperism by instituting a counterpoise in mf-help. The secondary objects would be to raise the wooing man's self-respect, to render the efforts of the pool to become independent, more sus- tained and efficient to remove the public distaste for a system of relief i&ntified with Poor Laws, parishes, paupers, and poor-hinges, and to promote sympathy and moral support ft. a national provision for sick- ness and unavoidable want. Mr. Lamport proposed to divide recipients of relief into four distinct classes, viz.:— Class A, composed of per&>ng verging towards criminality, including able-bodied mendiwnts and vagrants. The source of relief for this class shouh be a subsistence rate, now levied as a poor-rate the reliè: ordered by police magistrates and admistered under police supervision and a bare sub- sistence should be given in ret\m for a certain amount of labour under police or prison arrangements. Class B, composed of persons v^glng towards pauperism, includingable-bodied but unsteady Vorkmen, labourers not in regular employment, reduced tradesmen, and clerks, all persons unwilling or unable to join ;he National Friendly Society," and widows of the above. }or this class the source of relief should be also a subsistence rate—the relief to be ordered by Boards of Guardians as nov formed, and to con- sist only of indoor relief in return for labour. Class C, composed ol persons desirous to be provident and independent, the recipients to be voluntary subscribers to the "National Friendly Society," composed of artizans, clerks, labourers, small tradesmen, and their widows. For this class the source of relief should be Friendly Society allow- ance for sickness, non-employment (temporary), migration expenses, superannuation, and burial—the relief to be or- dered by a Friendly Society Board, consisting of Guardians ex officio and members elected by subscribers; and the condi- tion and mode of relief should be periodical payments at members' houses, or at the society's offices. Class D, comprising persons unable to work, including the aged and Infirm, cripples, incurables, lunatics and idiots, and orphans. The source of relief for thj £ class should be a sub- sistence rate as now levied in aid of charitable endowments and private subscriptions, the relief to be ordered by a Board of Guardians and members appointed by subscribers, and the condition and mode of relief should be admission to refuges, asylums, school establishments, and reforma- tories. An nteresting discussion followed the reading of the paper, and in it great doubts were expressed as to the feasibility of the plan. Mr. F. Hill said if pauperism were to be diminished a chance ought to be given to English workmen to eompete with foreign workmen. Mr. Alsager Hay-Hill said one great objection to the plan was that being affiliated to the Poor Law system, I the prejudice of the people against that system would he applied to the plan proposed. Self-help he thought could best be promoted through the agency of the Post-office Savings-banks. Mr. Collins. a guardian of St. Pancra", believed the administration of the Poor Law was its bane. Dr. Stallard contended that power should be given to Boards of Guardians to bring before the magistrates habitual paupers—indeed to have an adult reformatory in which to place them. The Go- vernment should be asked to extend the Post-office Savings-bank system, so that a man could go to a Savings-bank and buy a ticket, which would give him an allowance of 3s. a week in the event of his being out of work. The proceedings were brought to a close by voteB of thanks to Mr. Lamport and the chairman.

THE MURDERER RUTTEBFORD.

SOMETHING THE MATTER WITH…

STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH FRANCE.

THE PRINCE OF WALES.

A LADY ACCIDENTALLY POISONED.

Pisallaittflns Jrftlligtntt,