New Edition, poit free for two stamps, NERVOUS DEBILITY ITS CAUSE AND CURB.—Dr. SMITH, the Celebrated Physician for the eure of Nervous and Physieal Debility, Loss of Appetite, Pains la the Back, Indigestion, &:c., has just published a Free Edition of DEBILITY: ITS CAUSE AND CURE (130 pages); contain- ing the Rules by which thousands have been restored to health: Sent post free on receipt of two stamps. Dr. SMITH will, for the benefit of Nervous Sufferers, on receiving a description of their case, send a letter of advice, with plain directions for the cnre. Address, Dr. H. SMITH, 8, Burton-crescent, London, W.C. "Inxnrlant and Beautiful Hair is the distin- guishing baltge otYouth." MRS. S. A. ALIBS'S \VORL»'S HAIR RESTORER OR DRESSING never fails to quickly restore Grim or Faded Hair to its youthful colour and beauty, and with the first application a beautiful gloss and delightful fragrance is given to the Hair. It stops the Hair from falling off. It prevents bnlJ- aess. It promotes luxuriant growth; it causes the Hair to grow thick and strong. It removes all dandruff. It contains neither oilnordye. Ih large Bottles- Price Six Shillings. ZVIOBALSA. mum (MRS. S. A. ALLEN'S) far excels any Pomade or Hair Oil- To those whose Hair is naturally dry, requiring frequent dressing, its cheapness and great value will be proved. Its early use on Children's Hair will insure an abundant and bountiful supply from Youtl, to Old Age. In large Bottles Price Three Shil- lings. Sold by most Chemists and Perfumers. Depot, 266, High Holborn, London. Advice to Motberso-Are you broken of your rest by a sick child, suffering with the pain of cutting teeth ? Go at once to a chemist, and get a bottle of MRS WX^SLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP. It will relieve the poor sufferer immediately; it is perfectly harmless; it produces natural quiet sle.ep, py relievin the child from pain, and the little cherub awakej as Bright 2 a button." It has been long in use in America, and is highly recommended by medical men; it is very pleasant to take; it soothes the child; it softens the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best known rerrsly for dysentry and diarrhoea, whether arising from teething or other causes. Be sure and ask for MRS. WissLow's SooTttJNG SYRUP and see that "Curtis and Perkins, New York and London," is on the outside wrapper. No mother should be without it.—Sold by all medicine dealersat Is. lid. per Bottle, London Depot, 205, High Holbom.
LOOAL- PETTY SESSIONS, ABERYSTWYTH, Wednesday, 25th November, 1868. Before John Matthews, Esq., mayor, Thomas Jones, Esq., and Richard Roberts, Esq. OBTAINING GOODS UNDER FALSE PRETENCES. John Jones, of Moor-street, tailor, was brought up in custody, charged with obtaining goods, to the value of 9s. 7d., the property of Mr J. P. Jones, mercer, Little Dark-gate street. In consequence of the pressure of more urgent public business, the hearing of the case was adjourned for a week, two sureties entering bail for the ap- pearance of the prisoner on Wednesday next.
LLANDDEWI-BUEFI. Apolitical meeting, in support ofMrVaughan, was held at the above place, on Thursday night, the 19th inst. Mr Evans, Garth, occupying the chair. I A lecture on the "Irish Church," by Bardsley, which is translated into Welsh by the Rev. J. Mor- Bin, Nant-y-Glo, was read by Mr Jones, Llwyn, and r Thomas, the schoolmaster. Both young men acquitted themselves excellently. The Rev. John Evans, vicar, and Dr Rowland, Garth, addressed the meeting in a very able manner. The school- room was crammed, and after a vote of thanks was S'ven to the chairman, the meeting dispersed.—A )N8ERVATIVE.
AVOID SLANG. The point to which I have to direct attention is aaonliuens in speech. There are many young men who seem tu consider it essential to manliness that they should be masters of slang. The sporting wcrld, like its brother, the swell-mob, has a lan- guage of its own but this dog-English extends far beyond the sporting world. It comes with its hordes of barbarous words, threatening the entire extinc- tion of genuine English Now, just listen for a mo- ment to our fast young man, or the ape of a fast young man, who thinks that to be a man he must speak, in the dark phraseology of slang. If he does anything on his own responsibility, he does it on his own hook." If he aees anything remarkably good. he calls it a "stunner," the superlative of which is a regular stunner." If a man is requested to pay a tavern bill, he is asked if he will "stand Sam." If he meets a savage-looking dog, he calls him an "ugly customer.' If he meets an eccentric man, he calls him a "rummy old cove." A sensible man is a "chap that is up to snuff." Our young friend never scolds, but blows up never finds it difficult to payi but is "used up." He has no hat, but shelters his head beneath a "tile." He wears no neckcloth, but surrounds his throat with a "cho- ker." He lives nowhere, but there is some place where l.e "hangs out." He never goes away or withdraws, but he "bolts"—he "slopes"—he "miz- sles"- lie "makes himself scarce"-he walks his chalks"-he "makes tracks"—he "cuts his stick"- or, what is the same thing, be "cuts his Jucky The highest compliment you can pay him is to tell him that he i,- a regular brick." He does not pro- fess to be brave, but he prides himself on being "plucky." Money is a word which he has forgotten, but he talks a good deal about "tin," and the needful," "the rhino," nnd "the ready." When a man speaks, he "spouts"—when be holds his peace he shuts up 11 hen he is humiliated, he is taken down a peg or two," and "made to sing small." Now, a good deal of this slang is harmless many of the terms are, I think., very expressive; yet there is much in slang that is objectionable.—Arthur Mur- tOX.
HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILI.S.-Coughs, Colds, Shortness of Breath. These corr. etite remedies are in- fallible for these pectoral compia nts, which, neglected, often 8d in asibnia, bronchiiis, or consunptiun. The Ointment, well rubbed upon the clit-st and bau«, penetrating tbe skin, is Carried directly to the InnCI, whence it 0'.J!1- all impurities. All the blood in the botly constantly passe* tiirouich the lungs, and there all nox o is partiele.. tending to prodi ee dUea.-a can lie quickly, thoroughly, and permanently neutralised, rendered harmlets, or elected from the system. Hvlioiray'i Ointment and Pills perlettly accomplish this purification; and through ■' tlte bio d. 91, us cleansed, the influence of these wonderful itiedi- Cameats reaches the remotest parts of the human body; and tin* Cures all diseased action, whither internal or external.
COUNTY ELECTION. —THE NOMINATION DAY. Cardigan on Monday last to all appearance was completely in the throes of a contested election. From an early hour the streets presented quite an animated appearance. The bells rang merry peals, and as the equipages of the gentry drove up to their various rendezvous, mostly displaying the colours of the respective candidates, they were received with hearty cheering, and cries of "Red for ever"— "Blue for ever," resounded throughout the morning. Both the honorable candidates were in town on Sun- day, and each side, equally certain of success, braced nerves still tighter for the conflict. Several special constables were sworn in on Saturday evening, and every means was taken by the authorities to prevent any breach of the peace. The Hall was densely crowded and present) d a very gay appearance, the presence of a numerous bevy of ladies on both sides adding greatly to the scene, so that when the pro- ceedings commenced, at 10 o'clock, the ancient, but dingy-looking old building had a look of liveliness about it rarely now seen within its walls. In strik- ing contrast to its sister county, Carmarthenshire, y the proceedings passed off quietly, both sides having a fair and impartial hearing no signs of angry feel- ing were visvble, but good nature and good behavi- our reigned paramount. The electors of Cardigan- shire, indeed, set an example on their nomination day to other constituencies which they might be proud to follow. The writ having been read, and the usual forma- lities gone through. The High Sheriff, Alban T. Davies, Esq., saic1,- Electors of the County of Cardigan, the few words I say to you will be very brief, being simply to inform you that we art* met here to-day to elect a Knight to represent the county of Cardigan in Parliament; and I trust you will give both sides a fair hearing. (Hear, hear ) G. W. PAHRY, Esq of Lidiarde, rose to propose Edmund Malet Vaughan, Esq., as a fit person to represent the county in Parliament. He said,—Mr. Sheriff, ladies, and gentlemen, we are assembled here to-day on an important mission, namely, to elect a member to represent us in Parliament. Amongst other measures that will be introduced in the new Parliament will be a proposal to disestablish the Irish Church. He thought the disestablishment of that church would be derogatory to the Protestant faith. (Cheers, and cries of "No, no.") He thought to take away the revenues of that church would be a great injustice and the gentleman he was about to propose came before them prepared to oppose any measure of disestablishment or disendowment. His friend, Mr. Vaughan, had been before the county for a number of years, and was personally known to most of them. He was prepared to go to Parliament to uphold the glorious institutions of this country he would also vote for economy and retrenchment where it could be done with consistency to the interest of the State. He would not detain them longer, as Mr. Vaughan would himself expound his views to them but he trusted that on Thursday they would show their appreciation of him by re- turning him at the head of the poll. It therefore only remained for him to propose E. M. Vaughan, Esq., as a fit and proper person to represent the county of Cardigan in Parliament. (Cheers.) T. E. LLOYD, Esq Coedmore, said he had much pleasure in seconding the nomination of Mr Vaughan. It bad been suggested that he was much too young to represent Cardiganshire but he thought his op- ponents must be very hard up if they had not a bet- ter objection than that to bring forward, for they must remember that the great Mr. Pitt was but 21 years of age when first elected. Two gentlemen had come forward to contest the county—one a friend of the agriculturist and a man of moderate views, and a man who has lived and spent his money amongst you the other a stranger, who came amongst them a short time since armed by the presence of two or three would-be celebrities and letters of recommen- dation. The question was, which would they return. (Interruption.) Ever since England had been a country, the Church had been its chief institution, and who can tell how much we owe that institution? The present Government had undoubtedly done much good for this country. The Abyssinian expe- dition was one of the grandest ever undertaken by any party in power, and did infinite credit not only to the illustrious commander-in-chief of the forces engaged and all under him, but also to the Govern- ment generally. The Alabatoa claims, which had almost stranded the Government of Lord John Rus- sell, had been amicably and satisfactorily settled, and several other difficulties had been overcome. The speaker adverted to other leading questions of the day, and concluded by saying thatr as Mr. Vaughan had promised to support the present Go- vernment to the utmost of his power, he had great pleasure in seconding his nomination. J. P. V. PRYSE, Esq., rose amidst tremendous cheering to propose Mr Richards. He spoke to Are following effect:—Mr High Sheriff, Brother Electors, ladies and gentlemen, I rise in some difficulty, because I rise in opposition to an old friend; but, gentlemen, friendship should have no place in politics. You have been told that Mr Vaughan is we;ll known in this county, we will, therefore, first ask what his family have done for the county. Mr Vaughan has never been brought up to any business whatever, neither have his relatives held any position of responsibility or note in the county. A man when he enters Parliament is not sent to lounge away bis time at the clubs, but is expected to work for the constituency who sends him there. The member we require is a man of business, a man who can hold his own in life in a financial position, and a man who can bring his energies and abilities to work for the good of his constituency. Such a man is my friend Mr Richards. Mr Vaughan's seconder says that Mr Richards has not long been known to you; but I ask you if the little you have seen of him does not stamp him as the fitter person of the two to repre- sent you. (Cheers, and cries of" Yes, yes.") Were the voters allowed to go to the poll and vote as their consciences dictated, how many would vote for Mr Vaughan? I know myself that during the last fortnight the screw has been doubled. At first mild letters were written; but as time went on, and Mr Richards gained ground by his abilities, second, and stronger letters were sent. We have landlords amongst us who have tenants on their estates old enough to be their grandfathers, and who would vote for Mr Richards if left alone, but who will be driven to the poll like a flock of sheep. The legis- lature must enact laws to protect the voters under these disadvantages. I do not ask you to say or do anything disrespectful ot your landlords, but your consciences are your own, and I urge you to come to the poll, not singly, not in twos or threes, but as a whole hive of bees, and record your votes for Mr Richards, whom I beg to propose as a fit and proper person to represent this county in Parliament. (Great cheering.) W. JONES, Esq., Llwynygroes, said, — He had much pleasure in seconding Mr Richards's nomina- tion, and in doing so he might say that he believed it to be of the greatest importance to return a Liberal member to Parliament for this county. They mu&° not look upon Cardiganshire as merely an agricultural county, bat they must look upon it also as a maritime county, of which Cardigan was the seaport. He believed Mr Richards was well pre- pared, from his position and experience, to represent the interests of the electors in that light. Again, they most look upon it as a mining county. Most of them well knew that its great mining property should be thoroughly developed, and who was more likely to represent their interests in that way than Mr Richards, who was himself a partner in a large smelting firm. He therefore had a direct interest in the commerce of the county, and he believed Mr Richards would do his utmost to develope and im- prove this portion of the commerce of the county. He had great pleasure in seconding the nomination of Mr Richards. (Cheers.^ No other person having a candidate to propose, E. M. VAUGHAN, Esq., rose to address the elec- tors. He spoke to the following effect:—Mr High Sheriff, Independent Electors, Ladies, and Gentle- men,—I come before you to-day to solicit your suffrages for this great county of Cardigan. I do not think I should have done so if it had not been for a requisition sent to me some time back, request- ing me to place myself in nomination as a candidate for your suffrages. Signed as that requisition was by most of the leading gentry of the county. I cnuld not refuse to allow myself to be put forward. Gen- tlemen, several things have occurred since the commencement of this contest which, perhaps, we should have been as well without. Several reports. also, have been circulated about myself, the truth of which might have been inquired into before being circulated. Several have said I was a stranger. Well, I may be a stranger to many of you, but I am not a stranger to the county, but for from it. I was bom in the county, and brought up in the county, and, to show you that I am so. may men- tion that several of my family have had tbe honour cf representing your interests in former times, and I trust I may have the same amount of confidence placed in me. Gentlemen, this is no ordinary election. It is the first under the great Reform Act passed by the Conservative party in 1867, and I hope you will all appreciate that measure, and that you will on Thursday show that that trust has not been misplaced. Probably you are all tired of hearing of the Irish Church question. My views on that matter are very simple. Lähall oppose those measures of disestablishment and disendowment brought in by Mr Gladstone to the utmost of my power. You will ask, perhaps, why do I oppose them. I answer that I believe it to be unfair to the Church—that Church of which we are all so proud —to thus dismember her. The revenues belonging to the Church are money given by the landlords to support her; and how, therefore, can you take them away. I do not think the disestablishment of the Church would conduce one iota to the wel- fare of Ireland. You would not pacify one Roman Catholic in that country,' but twould most likely disaffect four millions and a half of our fellow Protestants. As regards education, no man would be more willing than myself to see every one educated. It is my wish to see every man have a good education but I say, do it gradually, and in the end you will do it effectually. To any good measure on the subject I would give my best atten- tion and support. A great deal has been said about tbe financial condition of the country. I believe every one would wish to see the expenditure kept within bounds, but I also believe it is useless and unwise to be too niggardly in the grants for our army and navy. I believe we should keep them on such a footing that we might be ready for any emer- gency, for no man knows how soon a war may spring up, and what then would become of us, with our defences in an unfit state. Great and requisite changes have been made both in the army and navy by the present Government, which I believe are conducive to their advantage, and it is to be hoped, therefore, that the supplies for these branches of our national defences will never be put on an insecure basis. I will also mention that the agriculture of this county has been a source of great interest to me. Nobody knows better than myself that the farmer has been unjustly taxed and rated. (A Voice: "Screwed.") No, not screwed, but taxed and rated, (laughter,) and I would do my utmost to alter this state of things. Gentlemen, if elected I would give an independent support to the great Conservative party, for I feel certain that that party has done much good for this country, and has acted also as a salutary check on the ambitiore.-of those parties who, for their own benefit and self interest, would adopt and support measures that would soon bring England down into the mire. (Cheers.) Mr E. M. RICHARDS, in rising, was received with enthusiastic cheers. The substance of his speech was as follows :-Mr High Sheriff, Electors of the county of Cardigan, Ladies, and Gentlemen,-l think the question may be very well asked to-day why a stranger comes into the county to seek to represent you in Parliament. You are charged, and I am charged, with disturbing the peace of the county. Why is it Sir Thomas Lloyd has not been returned for the county. Why, because he did what an honest man should do, and gave his votes free and independently to his party. It is the few county squires who are dissatisfied. I say boldly what I have said before, that I did not thrust myself before the electors. I came here because 1 was called for, not only by the non- electors but also by the greater number of those who have been. enfranchised. Yes, my friends, I came here as a stranger, and having been in the county for three months, nothing has been said against me that you and I need be ashamed of. do not wish to say anything disrespectful of Mr Vaughan, for I believe him to be what he has been represented here to-day, A jolly good fellow," but that is not the question for you to consider. The question is, who is the most fit person to represent you. I venture to ask the electors if Mr Vaughan has ever been known in any official capacity in any part of the county. (No, no.") I will now pass on to what has been referred to by Mr Vaughan's seconder. It seems to be a topic of great annoyance that three eminent gentlemen ventured into Car- diganshire to say a good word for me. I am firtt charged with being unknown, but when genttem n of known position in the world, one of them a right bon., come forward to tell the people of Cardigan of my antecedents, then forsooth it becomes gall and wormwood to them to hear anything concern- ing me. I believe the only question put before you to-day is the Irish Church, and it has been done so in the old stereotyped phrase, "that it would be the downfall of the country." I do not intend entering into any elaborate details on that question to-day. The people of England have spoken out that Ire- land requires justice, and it is not for Liberal Car- diganshire to say no. (Cheers ) I say the Irish Church question is settled—it is dead-and it only requires Mr Gladstone to put the final seal upon it. As regards the institutions of the country, we have seen something of them in Mr Vaughan's addresss. I say, Who wants to disturb the institu- tions of the Church ? We say that we live in an age of progress, and if the institution of the Church is not in unison with the feelings of the people, we must make it so. Are we to look to the Conserva- tives for civil and religious liberty? Why, Gentle- men, all history says No. The doctrine preached by the Conservatives has always been standstill. I ask you, men of Cardiganshire, Are you Liberals ? Are you, three-fourths Nonconformists, to be satis- fied with a gentleman who will vote against all you have battled for, and all you have sighed for. (Cries of "No, no.") If it is your pleasure to elect me I shall go in for reduced taxation, and I would sup- port that man who would and does his utmost to reduce taxes. Mr Gladstone not only said he would reduce the taxes, but did it, aud did it effectually. What has Mr Disraeli done ? He has increased the expenditure of the country something like four millions and a half. His excuse is the inefficiency of the army and navy; but did you ever know a man who bad not an excuse for extravagant expen- diture? Mr Gladstone's policy has been Live thrifty, and within your means. Nothing is more likely to stop extravagant expenditure as to spend money, for if there is open credit there is large expenditure." Mr Gladstone's aim has been to give comforts and happiness to the people. I appeal to you if the policy pursued by Mr Gladstone has not given us comforts totally unknown to our forefathers. The Reform Act, it is true, has been given us by this Government. But is that measure to be a reality ? If so, let the men so enfranchised be free to vote as their consciences may dictate, and as they wish. We want no screw. We want that the voters shall not be bullied, and then coerced, first by the land- lords, then by the agents, and then by the agents bach bacb, (Laughter.) Our opponents have said Gog-erddan was with me only nominally, and not in reality; but let them look to-day, and judge for themselves if Gogerddan was in earnest or not. Will any of them stand up and say three-fourths of I Cardiganshire is not Liberal? Will they say that three-fourths are not men who wish for civil and religious liberty? I am rejoiced that our opponent's conduct has proved their assertions to be unfounded. They say, also, I desire to disestablish the Church of England, but they say what they know to be untrue, for I want nothing of the sort. What I do want is that no man should suffer for his relief. When Mr Vaughan could stand up and say that, then indeed he was No Bigot." Mr Vaughan says his ancestors had represented Cardiganshire but they never represented Cardiganshire; and until three years, when Sir T. D. Lloyd was returned, Cardiganshire had been misrepresented for 200 years.' Mr Vaughan is very gingerly on the subject of Education. Does be tell you what course he will pursue on the subject? Does he tell you he is prepared to support a measure that will not be repugnant to the feelings of the people at large? The time is now come when both sides must give concessions. There must be a give and take policr throughout, and I believe the country is ripe for it, and I believe the stigma that rests on England on the Education question must be wiped out. I ask you, Gentlemen, if you will leave it in Mr Vaughan's hands? Would you not rather leave it in the hands of a person ready to do so than in the bands of one who professes to support the great constitution of the country? If it is your pleasure to send me to Parliament, I shall be on the side of those favour- able to the reduction of taxation, always, of course, looking to the honour and prestige of England. Mr Vaughan says he came forward for the county requested to do so by requisition, But, Gentlemen, why not publish that requisition? Why not let us see who it was that was so anxious to g't rid of i Sir Thomas Lloyd? I fancy it must have occupied a very small space, or it would have been given to us. I dare him to produce that document, to let the people see who brought him forward; but he knew to some extent who is supporting him. He (Mr R.) had been charged with being a very bad man that he was an atheist and a papist- the charge varying according to the voter canvassed. If be was so bad a man, why was he supported by the preachers of all denominations throughout the county. He was happy to say they all felt one in the fight, and they all felt one desire that the people who trusted them should have liberty. I dare them otherwise to prove that the ministers, whom they despise for working for mp, have done more than say to the people, go to the poll, and do as their conscience tell them." Gentlemen, I am proud of the preachers' screw. It is an example the other side would do well to follow. Men of Cardiganshire, the firm in this fight, vote as your consciences may dictate. I do ask that those men who profess Liberalism should be allowed to vote as they wish, and if they are-left alone there is not the slightest doubt of the result. (Great cheering.) The high sheriff declared the sbow of bands to be in favour of Mr Richards. A poll was demanded by Mr Parry, on behalf of Mr Vaughan. A vote of thanks to the sheriff was proposed by Mr Richards, seconded by Mr Vaughan, and carried with acclamation. The proceedings, which were more than usually orderly, were brought to a close with cheers for Mr Gladstone, Sir Pryse Pryse, and Lady Lloyd, of Bronwydd.
ELECTION INTELLIGENCE. NONE of the attempts to account for Mr Mill's ejection for Westminster give adequate prominence to the feeling of the Westminster tradesmen against co-operation. The feeling is almost equally strong in Lambeth, and it had no small share in Tom Hughes's retirement. Your readers were many months ago made aware, in this column, of the extent of the transactions of the Civil Service Co- operative Societies, and the panic which at one time seized the West End tradesmen about co-operation. They determined to put their foot down" upon it, and Mr Mill's advocacy of the principle had far more to do with his rejection than his meddling with other elections, or bis opposition to the Ballot, or his subscription to Mr Bradlaugh's election ex- penses- Touch a man's religion, and he may brook it, But keep your hands out of his breeches pocket. —Correspondent of the Uirmingham Post. THE MAWUVACTUBB OF WATBHBS AIVD CCOCKS.—A most Interesting and instructive little work, describing briefly, but with great clearness, the rise and progress of watch and clock making. has just been published by Mr. J. W' Benson, of 25, Old Bond Street, 09, Westbourne Grove, and the City Steam Factory, 38 and 60, Ludgate HilL The book, which is profusely illustrated, gites a full, description of the various kinds of watches and clocks, with their prices, and no one should make a purchase wilhout visiting the above establishments or consulting this truly valuable work. By th. sitf persons residing in any part of the United Kingdom, India, or the Colonies, are enabled to select for themselves the watch best adapted for their use, and have it sent to them with perfect safety. Mr. Benson, who holds the adpointment. to the.Prinee of Wales, sends this pam- phlet to any address on receipt of two postage stamps, and we cannot top strongly recommend it to the notice of the intending purchater. 1i.
CARDIGANSHIRE ELECTION. Amongst the latest of the- constituencies in the country to poll its electors: was our own county of Cardigan, the poll taking place oil last Thursday. The excitement respecting the result of the contest, which had been running high for the last three months, of course reached its culminating point of white heat on the day of the poll. From an early hour in the morning Aberystwyth presented the appearance almost of being in a state of seige. Very many of the principal shops in the town were closed, violence on the part of the roughs being, with some reason, anticipated. Up to dinner time, however, there was no disturbance further than the shcutin^ of gangs of urchins, who shouted the stereyotyped cry "Vaughan for ever," or Richards for ever" according as the voters for either candidate ap- proached the polling booths, and the throwing of mud at respectable persons, chiefly those who took a conspicuous part in the contest. Many of Mr Richards's own voters were decorated with blue rosettes, and similar rosettes were attached to the heads of the horses conveying Mr Richards's electors to the poll. Of coarse such displays were not for- gotten by Mr Vaughan's party, for the Crosswood colours floated bravely in the breeze. The special constables, sworn in the previous day to assist the police in preserving order during the hours of polling, attended at the Town-hall at half- past seven, to receive their instructions from Super- intendent Lloyd, who, dividing them into parties of ten or a dozen, assigned to each party its special district in the town. The interior of the Town-hail, where the votes were taken, was fitted up with every desire to the convenience of the voters, poll clerks, and the public generally. A- strong timber barricade was run across the middle of the hall, of just sufficient height to prevent the general concourse of spectators impeding the general business of the day, but suffi- ciently low to allow the independent non-electors an opportunity of gratifying their curiosity in watching the chief proceedings of the day. Within this barricade were erected four polling booths, one on either side of the solicitors' table, which was removed for the occasion one where the county court judge sits and the fourth immediately under—the place assigned on county CQurt'tdayg to the registrar. The returning officers who presided at each booth were- Alderman John Davies, Town (Councillor George T. Smith. j Early as the opening of the poll was-eight o'clock is an early hour to commence business on these winter mornings—coaches, carriages, and every description of trap, were conveying votes to town long before the appointed hour. The consequence was that the early hours of polling werelmsy for the officiating officers. Before the next hour was over, according to more or less random statements, Mr Richards's majority had increased threefold but before one o'clock arrived it was reported that this majority had dwindled down to something like 120. From this date the numbers fluctuated in a most tantalizing manner, and when the poll closed, at five o'clock the numbers stood thus From Tregaron, Llandyssul, and Lampeter few and far between unreliable reports reached Aberyst- wyth. At 12 o'clock it was stated that Mr Vaughan had a majority of 40 at Tregaron, and that Mr Richards had precisely the same majority at Llan- dyssul. The reports from Lampeter were of a most conflicting character, Mr Vaughan's party claiming for their chief a large majority, the Liberals claiming for Mr Richards the same. All doubts were set at rest when the gross return was received, shortly before 9 o'clock, in Aberyst- wyth, giving to Mr Richards a gross majority of 154 votes. The following were the majorities at the various polling places:— ABEBAYBON. Richards 45 ABEKTSTWYTH. Richards 219 cardigan. Richards 53 I LAMJPETER* Vaughan 119 LLANDYSSUL. Richards 28 TREGARON. Vaughan 72 191 345 Gross majority for Richards 154 The announcement was received in Aberystwyth with varied feelings of pleasure and pain—the Con- servative candidate being a gentleman held in unusual esteem, and the Liberal being the champion of the chapel party, who certainly worked with might and main in his cause. Both parties were earnest, and fonght the battle out fiercely. The adhesion of Go- gerddan to Richards' party gave a grand impetus to the latter, of which it was naturally not slow to avail itself; and the attendance of even the ladies of the IC;, ogprddan family, acting as canvassers amongst the ( crowd, went not a short way towards securing Mr Richards his majority in this district. Large as that majority was, it did not, we understand, realize the expectations of Mr Richards' friends, who expected one much larger, nor'Of Mr Richards'opponents, who held a similar faith.' The result is in no slight degree attributable to the attachment of the Cross- wood tenantry to the lord of the soil, and of the feeling of pure friendship which actuated the gentry of the district to support Mr Vaughan's claims. Great disappointment was felt on the other hand by the Conservative party in being denied majorities in other polling districts which had long been promised their nominee. Neither Tregaron nor Lampeter yielded tbe majorities that had been expected of them, whilst Aberayron, Llandyssul, and Cardigan added there numbers to the Conservative defeat. How Mr Vaughan agents at Aberayron allowed Mr Richards to obtain a majority in that district is an enigma which remains to be solved. Up to the eve of the polling day they had promised Mr Vaughan a large majority. I he case of Cardigan is not quite so surprising; butin both places either Mr Vaughan's agents woefully miscalculated their strength from the beginning, or else there must have been a rare amount of clumsiness in the arrangements which they made from bringing their voters to the poll. Of course the intemperate displays of enthusiasm common to such occasions, such as shouting gangs of boys parading the streets, were freely indulged in, but taking the proceedings on the whole, and the nature of the occasion, they went off with but few infractions of order and decorum. The battle's lost and won; Mr Vaughan has suffered defeat; Mr Richards has secured a triumph. It is the desire of every honest constituent that the successful candi- date may prove worthy of the trust which the elec- tors of Cardiganshire have reposed in him. e
VOTING FOR NEIGHBOURS. Local attachments are found to be stronger the more deeply we go down among the working classes, and especially the working men in country villages and towns. Londoners hardly know what local feel- ing is. The metropolis is too big to be loved our parish" is too small; "our neighbourhood" too vague. Thackeray makes one of his Bedfordian swains say that he was delighted to live near his sweetheart they got their letters from the same postman." But we fear that such romance is un- frequent and faint. A local poet might sing, "Breathes there the man with soul so dead, who never to himself hath said, This is my own, my postal district?" and we fear the answer must be, There is!" We never knew anybody who thrilled at the sweet combination S.W., or whose heart leaped up when he beheld the letters W.C. Beyond the metropolis, however, and with the new voters, these things certainly tell. The individual who has re- paired the parish pump at his own expense is a pub- lic character. The chairman of Poor Law Guardians is one who has done the State some service. The gentleman who lives in the biggest house is a hero of the locality. The prettiest Lady Bountiful is a power. A popular parson, known by the bedsides of his parishioners, can command votes. Many of the new electors may be often hard-up," often behind-hand with the rent," often ill;" and local courtesy, good offices, high character, personal tone, tell much amongst a class susceptible to kindness because they need it, and easily won by genuine good-will. Of course, all this is bribery, but not of a very bad kind. Mere donations of soup and blan- kets, mere gifts of five-pound notes, do not make ladies powerful where they are known. Something more is required, and something more is something good. 10 All this idolatry of local gods has its good side in another way. A man "known to his neighbours" is known not as regards his opinions alone, but as regards his whole life, his acts, the treatment of his dt pendants. If he beats his wife-and sometimes, even if he does not-the parish clerk hears of it. If he has a harsh, cruel landlord and master, it is widely known. Now, these things may have little to do with politics; yet they constitute part of the man's personal character and personal character is some- thing to be considered. even in a politician. We should not certainly advise anything like prying in- quisition into men's private affairs but a candidate who has cheated his creditors, or deserted bis wife and children, ought not to be returned if he should "speak with the tongue of angel," and were ready to swallow any and every pledge. So far, therefore, as local support of a local man indicates some appro- val of his known life, we do not despise it. But the misfortune is that some of our most eminent think- ers often live and die without local connections. They have a large national clientele; they have in every constituency a hundred or a score of electors who would vote for them above all other candidates, if they could cast their votes in any national way but thi" general support cannot tell. Our only national .constituencies-our only constituencies free from lo- cal contractions-are the universities and they are not national, because they are delivered over to the power of our parish priests. As the three-cornered minority plan 1aas utterly failed to secure freedom of individual choice, it may be worthy of consideration whether, when next we redistribute seats, we should not manage so that purely local constituencies should not absorb all, or nearly all, our representation.— Daily Telegraph.
THE CARDIGANSHIRE ELECTION. THE Cardiganshire Election is over at last,— and a siglt of relief follows the announcement of the fact. The attention had become painful, which was so long fixed on the contest. Mr. Richards has been elected by a decisive majority. In this fight all for the present is lost to Mr. Vaughan save honor—that he re- tains untarnished—that no number of votes can rob him of. That the result of the election was as it now appears may be a matter of sur- prise to many but the manner in which that result was brought about must be a marvel to all, we cannot question. From the beginning it was surely anticipated that here in the head quarters of the Dissenters of the county, and the very emporium of Gogerddan power, Mr. Richards—the common nominee of great local landed interest and Dissenting influence, would secure a majority sufficient to overbear all op- position on' the other polling districts of the county. These sanguine expectations were doomed to destruction for at the close of the poll the majority for Mr. Richards had dwin- dled down to little over one-half of thatnum- ber. The surprise on the other side, we need not say, wa not a whit the less, since Aberay- ron and Cardigan, which had promised Mr. Vaughan majorities sufficient to counteract even the supposed wonderful Liberal majority in Aberystwyth, were found wanting at the close of the poll. Lampeter and Tregaron acted fairly up to their promise in favor of Mr. Vaughan; Llandyssil were true to Mr. Rich- ards. The result is that Mr. Richards was returned at the head of the poll by 154 votes, and that he will take his seat in the new Par- liament as representative of Cardiganshire. But little more remains to be said on the subject. Mr. Richards has been selected by the votes of the county to represent them in Parliament. Hitherto, when there was any good in advocacy, we favored Mr. Vaughan's pretensions, honestly believing then, as we still honestly believe, that, as between Mr. Vaughan and Mr. Richards, the claims of Mr. Vaughan were the mightier and better founded of the two. Now that Mr. Richards has been elec- ted our member, the best wish we can waft to him—and that we do with all sincerity—is, that the promises of his supporters may be ful- filled, and that he may prove as conscienciously faithful to the interests of his constituents as we believe Mr. Vaughau would have proved had they been entrusted to his keeping. 4
TEMPERANCE HALL. A vocal and instrumental entertainment was given in the Temperance Hall last evening. Eigh- teen pieces made uptbe programme, all of which were well performed. The meeting was well at- tended. Dr. C. Rice Williams filled the chair, and Mr Inglis Bervon presided at the pianoforte. t, —
HUMANITY. AH did you see the orphafi"girl, „ So sadly orying at your door ? Her cheeks were pale in awful want, And her few clothes were thin and poor. Her kind relations, one by one, Were all put in their silent graves, And she was left, as in the sea Of life, alone between the waves She did repeat her pensive tale To you, altho' not very bold, For she was trembling as a leaf- Just dying in the wind and cold 1 Ah you did not feel; humanity Was knocking at your bosom's door, And bade you with a tender voice Protect the orphan-she is poor Oh 1 hearken to the poor slave's voice, That wets his dark room with his tears The frightful sounds of his bond-chains Are like death sounding in his ears He lies down in a bed of straw His pillow a piece of tree And 0! his mind sinks in despair When thinking of becoming free The cheerful notes of the wood choir Are never, never heard by him He doth not see the flowers gay- As if his eyes were wholly dim. Alas! who will not feel for him, In this inhuman, slavish statu He is a man, like one of us O! pity him, his pains are great. O let humanity have seat In every heart throughout our land; All foes will be united then By peace and love's most happy band, And every prison will be annulled, The scourge will have no name, Ahd freedom reign from pole to pole, I i In every bosom, with great fame Lampeter. N. THOMAS.
THE TOWN PLAN TENDERS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABEKYSTWTTH OBSERVER. Sir,—Allow me space to offer a word of explana- tion to the town commissioners respecting my esti- mate. for the "town plan." I was given to under- stand from certain sources that a new survey of the entire streets was necessary and being under that impression I made my tender accordingly. By in- serting the above in your next issue, you will oblige. Yours, &c., Nov. 2Qth, 1868. ZOPHAR HUMPHREYS. #
SWEARING IN OF SPECIAL CONSTABLES. On Wednesday morning a hundred able-bodied men were selected from amongst the tradesmen and artizans of the town, and sworn in as special con- stables, to assist the civil police force in preserving order is the town on the following day, being the polling day for the county election. The list of names to serve had been previously selected with care and judgment by the mayor, Mr Thomas Jones, Mr John Davies, and Mr Richard Roberts, and were duly sworn in before these gentlemen. The mayor, in addressing those attending, said that although he did not anticipate any disturbance at this election, still they were bound to get a hun- dred special constables, to assist the police in case they should be required in preserving the public peace, and in giving protection to person and pro- perty. He hoped that every man amongst them would display good temper and good sense through- out the day, and that they could most surely do by abstaining from all intoxicating liquors during the day. In fact, they could not allow any special con- stables to drink during the day. Each man sworn in and serving faithfully would be paid 5s., but if he did not properly behave himself, and abstain from all intoxicating drinks, he would lose his pay. They would have to pay implicit obedience to the police, under whose direction they would be placed. Lastly, he hoped that they would prove good and true officers of the Queen, and remember that it was a mark of confidence that they had been selected for this duty. They would have to attend the following morning, at half-past seven o'clock, to get their instructions from the police. The usual oath was then administered, and the staves delivered to the new special constables.
HOSPITAL ACCOMMODATION. To a letter addressed to us, and which we pub- lished in a late issue, by A Visitor," the atten- tion of Mr. Parry, chairman of the Cardiganshire Quarter Sessions, and of the Aberystwyth Board of Poor Law Guardians, has been directed. Mr. Parry complains that the writer of the letter in question makes vague charges against the hospital accommo- dation of the county. Can "A Visitor," by a single instance, substantiate the charge ? The spirit of fair-play demands sufficient proof to secure a satis- factory verdict.
PETTY SESSIONS, LLANBADARN. Wednesday, 25th November, 1868. Evans, Esq., and Lewis Pugh Pugh, Esq. AFFILIATION. ë. hn Williams was adjudged the father of Mar- Ji.¡et Jones' child, and was ordered to contribute 6d. a week towards its maintenance, and all costs. S ASSAULT. John Tlieophilus Y. Thomas Lamb. John Theophilus, sworn: Three weeks last Satur- day defendant, in company with David Jones and Thomas Thomits, came to witness* house, and after a row between them, defendant struck witness several times with a stick. Witness was struck in defending his wife from defendant, who- attempted to assault her. Thomas Thomas, sworn Witness was returning home on Saturday three weeks with David Jones and Thomas Lamb. Witness was carrying a bag of clothes End an umbrella in his hand. Saw John Theophilus' cart upset near his house. Witness touched one of the wheels, whereupon the com- flainant's wife came out and caught hold of witness y the whiskers, and tried to push him down. De- fendant had gone on a little way, and witness called him back. When he came he took the bundle of clothes from witness, and on his doing this com- plainant came out with two boots in his hand, and swore lie would crack witness' head with them, and On his endeavouring to do so the defendant came be. tween them, and witness got away. Defendant did not strike complainant, but got the boots out of his hand. Case dismissed. Two other summonses, issued by the same com- plainant, against tnelast defendant and others, were so £ kom<ts Jenhins v. Eliza Jenhins.. Jane Bws, sworn » Witness remembers the de- fendant hoping complainant, a child nine years old, with a stick. Fined is. and costs.
THE ATTEMPTED REVIVAL OF FENIANISM. We have just been painfully reminded of a lamentable event which occurred at Manches- ter on the 23rd of November, last year. On that day three men were executed for the murder of Policensergeant Brett, who was but doing bis duty* in connection with the then approaching trial of some Fenians. These three men had had a most fair trial, and their guilt was so satisfactorily proved that their condemnation was acquiesced in as just by the whole country, the Fenian faction excepted. It was felt that, so long as we have capital punishment at all, these men deserved death at the hands of the common hangman. But by the Fenians these men-Allen, Larkin, and rien-have been regarded as victims of a tyrannous and one-sided law—as martyrs, indeed, to the cause of Ireland and last Sun- day was set apart by Fenians in several Irish towns, in London, and in some Scotch towns, for the commemoration of the martyrdom of these so-called victims of English revenge. If Fenianism is to be judged by the pro- ceedings that have taken place—leaving out of the question altogether the theories and wild crochets of this species of rebellion—it will be utterly condemned by every sensible man. Looking only at the demonstration in London, it was jitterly disgraceful, and it would be beneath contempt, but that such organisations of Toughs become dangerous. That any genuine political principles of any kind what- ever were represented by the mob who gathered onClerkenwell Green, and 'marched,' with more than the disorder of FalstafFs ragged regiment, to the Reformers' tree," in Hyde Park, is more than we can believe. The people were either poor, deluded victims of such would-be demagogues as Finlen; or they were wild, lawless roughs, whose theory of government consists in a hatred of their most natural enemies—the police; or they were mere idlers, drawn into the crowd by curiosity or love of excitement. So far as the speeches' have been reported, amid the din and uproar of the crowd, they directly condemn the speakers, for were the Home Office especially, and the Government generally what these speakers said they were, these very speakers would now be in prison. To select any of the rabid utterances of these persons, and seriously comment on them, would be to insult the un- derstanding of our readers. Taking them as a whole, we may fairly set them down as rhodo- montade, or, to use a shorter word, bosh 1 They were pitiable and lamentable. Altogether, the proceedings of last Sunday have done the. struggling and dying cause of Fenianism con- siderable harm, and in this respect we may, perhaps, congratulate ourselves on these anni- versary demonstrations. But it may yet be- come a question, in the interest of public order, whether any more such demonstrations as that I in London last Sunday shall be allowed. The right of public meeting is one thing, the' right' of a disorderly mob to assemble in the streets and parks, to the danger of property and the peace of our fellow-subjects, is another.
MR. GLADSTONE ON THE IRISH CHURCH. Mr Gladstone has frequently been accused, and not without reason, of having changed his opinions on the relations of the Church and the State. Just thirty years ago he published a work entitled" The State in its Relations with the Church," and extracts from this work have been gleefully quoted against him, as showing that he once entertained opinions quite different to those he now maintains on the subject of the Irish Church, as a component part of the United Church of England and Ireland. He has now published a pamphlet, under the title of A Chapter of Autobiography." This brochure has been written for some time, but the author has considerately delayed its publication till after the stress of the general election," and for so doing he deserves the thanks of the com- munity; while he may be regarded, as the; leader of the Liberal party, as having exercised an act of self-denial. 1 The learned scholar and zealous politician" who now attracts renewed attention to himself and to the great question with which he is identified, is evidently not one of those who "e'en though beaten, will argue still;" at least he does not argue on the same side as before. He rather inclines to the maxim of Pope, that a man who confesses he was wrong does but confess that he is wiser than he was before, He feels that he has been wrong, and has the courage to confess it. But it he errs in this respect he at least errs in good company. He points to many great statesmen who, within the presentcentury,havechanged their opinions on political questions, and maintains that in thus changing their views our public men have fre- quently only reflected, as they ought to reflect, the progress of public opinion; but he also strenuously repudiates any departure from the dictates of conscientious conviction. Changes which are sudden and precipitate, he says, "changes accompanied with a light and con- temptuous repudiation of the former self— changes which are systematically timed and tuned to the interest of personal advancement —changes which are flooded, slurred over, or denied—for these changes, and such as these, I have not one word to say; and, if they can he justly charged upon me, I can no longer desire that any portion, howeveT small, of the concerns ur interests of my countrymen should be lodged in my hands." In the course of his eloquent remarks, Mr Gladstone, we think, clearly shows that he is not fairly open to the accusation of any such changes as these. His policy on the Irish Church question appears to be dictated by mature reflection, and it therefore deserves at leut;the respect, if not the support of the public. The pamphlet is a remarkable pro- » duction, as indicating the progress of mental change, in a man of Mr Gladstone's cultivated intellect but it is also valuableas being a calm, logical, and well-thought-out argument in fa- vour of the policy of religious equality before the law in Ireland.
INCIDENTS ON THE ELECTION DAY. Several scuffles of resulting in nothing serious took place in the afternoon opposite the Town Hall. A body of roughs had been throughout the day per- sistently hooting, jostling, and otherwise annoying all persons approaching or quitting the entrance gate by which Mr Vaughan's electors entered the Town Hall to record their votes. As evening gathered in this annoyance was fast assuming a more dangerous character, until a body of the well-dis- posed amongst the spectators formed themselves into a compact body to resist the roughs, who, iike all roughs of all places, being cowards at heart, and in- stead of vociferating, as they had been all the day, "Richards for ever," they now shouted "Vaughan for ever," and this latter continued the prevailing cry for the rest of the evening. On the arrival of the afternoon train at Aberyst- wyth a vast crowd of men and boys, of extraordi- nary number, were found to be collected on the rail- way platform, as if expectant of some welcome visitor. The object was of a very different nature, for when the train stopped and the passengers alighted, one young man, who wore Mr Vaughan's colours in his button-hole, and who turned out to be Mr Vaughan'* valet, was set upon by the assembled roughs, and had to seek safety in flight. Seeing a policeman ahead, he sped- towards that rampart of public order, but the rampart, feeling himself power- less to protect the fugitive against the fury of a multitudinous mob, advised Mr Vaughan's servant to seek shelter in the nearest house. The advice was taken, and the fugitive, hotly pursued, bolted into the Terminus Vaults, and up stairs. A partizan ruffian of the mob barred the poor fellow's entrance by one door, but which, fortunately, he was enabled to effect by another. Mr Jones, the landlord of the house, with admirable presence of mind, rushed into the street, drawing the door to after him. He was menaced, of course, and so was his house with utter demolition, but he expostulated with the rabbe till the somewhat tardy specials arrived, and a couple of policmen, whose appearance was sufficient to disperse the crowd of cowards. So much for a man daring to be faithful to his master and to wear his master's colours. When thegeneral state of the poll became known at Aberystwyth a procession of Mr Richards':) sup- porters, carrying lighted tar barrels, and lustily cheering for the successful candidate, paraded the town. All went off with tolerably good temper and order until Pier-street was reached, when certain evil-disposed scoundrels amongst the crowd threw stones through the windows of Mr Hugh Hughes's house, breaking eleven panes of glass, damaging some of the furniture, and, apart from the danger to life which might have been effected, causing serious alarm to the inmates. The cause of this vicious and senseless proceeding can be found only in the fact that Mr Hughes, as Mr Vaughan's agent, worked vigorously and honestly in his principal's behalf. We are honourably and honestly con- vinced that Mr Richards deplores-as we ourselves deplore-that acts such as the above should dis- grace the town which was the centre of the great stronghold of his success. The principal perpetrator is, it is said, known to the police. IIAbout ten o'clock at nigllt a gang of roughs set upon a young sailor on the Marine Terrace, because he was incautious enough, being in a state of high animal and ardent spirits, to shout out the Conser- vative cry. He was knocked down, and kicked cruelly whilst on the ground. His thumb was bitten almost through, and his temple was split open with a kick. Had it not been for the merci- ful arrival of Mr David Roberts on the spot, whose presence put the ruffians to shame and flight, the poor young man's life might have paid the penally of his harmless temerity.
DENBIGH ELECTION. A telegram just receieved here states that Sir Watkin Williams Wynne had a majority of 700.
LIFEBOAT SERVICES. Captain Adamson reports that the brig Robert and Sarah," of Blyth, in ballast, struck oil the rocks at Cullercoats, in a south-east wind and strong sea on the night of the 21st inst. The lifeboat" Pal- merston," of the National Lifeboat Institution, was at once launched, and fortunately succeeded in rescuing; the crew of eight men, who were safely brought ashore. The night was very dark. The ship remains on the rocks, and is likely to become a total wreck. The lifeboat was presented to the Society by Peter Reid, Esq., of the London Stock Exchauge, and since she has been on her station she has rendered good service to distressed vessels and their crews. The number of lives saved either by the lifeboats of the Society, or by special exertions, for which it has granted rewards, since its formation, is 17,565 for which services 90 Gold Medals, 786 Silver Medals, and 28,221,. m cash have been paid in rewards. The Institution has also expended 2U8,3471. on its 189 lifeboat establishments. We may state that contributions for the Institution will be thank- fully received by all London and country backers, by the several honorary secretaries of its different branches, and by the. secretary of the Institution, Richard Lewis, Esq., at his house, John-street, Adelphi, London.
THE MANUFACTURE or JEWELLERY. -The striking deve- lopment of Fine Art productions in this branch of the industrial trades since the period of the great Exhibition is admirably ex- emplified in a most interesting little ork just published by Mr. J. W. lienson, who holds the appointment to H.R.H. thel nnce of Wales. and H.U. the Mabamjah of Burdivan, of 25, 014 Bond Strwt, (JD, Westbourne Grove, imd the City Steam Factory, 58 and 60, Ludgate Hill. It is profusely illustrated with the most beautiful designs of Bracelet-, Brooches, Earrings, Lockets, &c., &c.. in every conceivable style, and with prices attached and thus the intending purchaser is enabled to make a selection suited to his taste, and have it forwarded to any part of the United Kingdom, India, or the Colonics, The price of this most useful guide is twopence, for which it is forwarded post free, and to any one who contemplates a purchase, either tor per- sonal wear or for a wedding, birth-day, Christinass, or other present, it will be found of the very greatest service. FRACAS BETWEEN WELSH CANDIDATES.—On Wed- nesday Colonel Somerset, the junior Conservative candidate for Monmouthshire, attended a meeting at A bersychan, and gave an account of an encounter between himself and Colonel Clifford, the Liberal candidate, at Abergavenny, on the preceding day. He said that, having discovered that Colonel Clif- ford did not support the Free Trade Bill in 1847, and that most of his tenants voted for Protection, he stated his belief that Colonel Clifford used co- ercion; that Col. Clifford on that called him a "liar," while the Hon. Clifford Butler (son-in-law to Cot. Clifford) called him a d— liar;" that this was several times repeated, he refusing to retract what he said; that the Hon. Clifford Butler put his fist in his (Col. Somerset's) face that Mr Williams, one of Col. Clifford's supporters, struck bim twice, and that Col. Clifford and his friends hounded a mob of boys on to attack him. Col. Somerset pro- duced the poll-book to support his assertion. It is but fair to state that the Liberals charge the foul language to Col. Somerset. BIRTH AT A RAILWAY STATION.—On Saturday afternoon, a Mrs. Cross, of Greenwich, was suddenly seized with pains of labour at the Ciiy Terminus of the South-Eastern Railway, Cannon-street. rr. William Rees, surgeon, being in attendance, ren- dered his assistance, and the poor woman was safely delivered of a fine male child. Great praise is due to Mrs. Abbott, wife of the station master, and to Mrs. Bates, for their very kind and prompt atten- tion in supplying the mother and tee little stranger with all the necessary comforts, &c., the case demanded; we are glad to hear that both mother and child are doing well and still at the ladies' waiting- oom—Standard. PROPOSAL TO ABOLISH NOMINATIONS.—Any ra- tional man who happened to be present at one of the nominations for a great borough on Monday could not fail to have been struck with the perfection of of the arrangements for producing a disturbance. For several weeks every means are taken to excite the feelings and prejudices of the electors, and when the metal is nearly red-hot, the opposing candidates are all brought upon one platform, If each side received a fair bearing under these circumstances, it would be a sign that human nature had undergone some wonderful change. There are the candidates, hated or admired by the crowd, and of course the supporters cheer, and the opposite side hoot and yell. In almost every case the speeches which appear in the newspapers were contidenlHlIy dictated to the reporters, not a single complete sentence being audible by the electors; and candidates might have reasonably followed Mr roebuck's example in simply handing a written address to the reporters without any pretence of speaking it. The whole ceremony is useless in the case of a contest, and it is even more absurd to drag the representative through a similar ordeal when the final result of the poll is declared. Then the losing side are often very angry, and to hear the man against whom they have.been fighting rejoice in his victory does not abate their wrath. We might feel a pardonable hesitation in recom- mending so tremendous an innovation as the sup- pression of both these forms; it would probably be regarded as another inaiduous attackuptJO the British Constitution. But the question will suggest itself whether the personal appearance of the candi- dates on these occasions is at all necessary. 1 he Americans manage to dispense with all this cum- brous machinery. There is no nomination day, apd no multitude called together to hear the declaration of the poll. Two days of noise and disturbance are thus done away with, and the election itself is completed in one day. We spread the entertainment over three days. Who is benefited by it except the persons have their hands in the candidates' pockets from beginning to end?—Pmll Mall Gazette.
REVIEWS. THE CORSET AND TUE CJEIN.OLINIS a book of modes and costumes from remote periods to the present time. By W. B. L. London Ward, Lock, and Tyler, Paternoster Row. The publishers of this work have turned out a book which, without doubt, will find its way not only into the boudoirs of fashionable ladies and the drawing-rooms of the beau mdnde, but also into the study of the student. To recommend it to the adies, The Corset and the Crinoline" bears, beautifully bound, very many lively dissertations upon dress and the fashions of fifty-four ages and nations are reproduced in so many carefully-executed engravings. To the student the book will commend itself from the research on the part of the editor which it exhibits, and from the many, and not a few <\ very valuable, quotations from ancient and modern authors which enrich its pages. The frippery of of fashion may at a superficial glance appear a subject unworthy of consideration, but reflection will sh-ow that to produce a trustworthy history of dress Hould be to write a comprehensive narrative of the whole I uman race. How many changes in mind and manners are marked by the many changes in dress from the scanty costume of our first parents to the middle ages, when the gentlemen in tin clothes (as the Irishman described the knights in armour,) knocked their hot heads together to win one smile from the blushing Queen of Beauty, whose fair hand was to bestow the favours on the victor. And how many more changes through rolling time since the days of chivalry down to our prosaic period? Fashion, in a measure, is not unfrequently an index to men's mental proclivities. The vain in mind is almost certain to be a fop in fashion whilst the staid and studious is equally certain to be decent, aod often demure, in dress. With men as with women—with a people as with a person. Young individuals are, as a rule, vain, glorious, and con- ceited—youthful rations are the same. In this book will be found food for reflection as well as informa- tion. The work, of its class, cannot be too highly commended.
CORRESPONDENCE. We do not hold ourselves responsible jor the opinions and sentiments of our Correspondents.
ELECTION EX PENSESS" TO THE EDITOR OF THE A BEK VSTW YTfl OBSERVER. í, Sir,—There is a little bit of information which of may be interesting to your readers, and show them De- how much faith is at all times to be placed in the 13- promises of election candidates. I was obliged tojal attend Ffair Dom on the polling day, and at great s, in conven ience- wait ti ii-, to be at Machynlleth early —I came to Aberystwyth to vote for Mr. Richards, —being led by a printed paper issued by Mr. Rich- ards' committee to believe that a special train was employed by them to convey such as me to Machyn- lleth when I had voted. I was greatly surprised to hear after I had voted that no such train would run. Not believing that I could be treated in this false way, I ran to the station, and there I was told, true enough, that there was no train of Mr. Richards' to **rtio, but that there was one of Mr. Vaughan's, and that it was Sir. Vaughan's wish to accommodate all voters wishing to dtrend Ffair Dom. I availed my- self of the opportun.ityvand travelled to Machynlleth p at Mr. Vaughan 8 expense after having voted against him. Perhaps I oaght not to -have done so, and I P, should not if it was hot necessary for me to get to Machynllcth early.. It is no excuse that I know many others of .11 r., Richards' voters done the same as me. I think I owe-some thanks to Ir, Vaughan for his kindness in taking me cost free to Machyn- lleth and back again and I ask you to allow me to offer my thanks by this public acknowledgment. I have the honor to remain, sir, with many thanks to Mr. Vaughan whom I voted against, your most obedient servant, AN ELECTOR OE CARDIGANSHIRE.
MILK SUPPLY. TO THE EDITOR OF THB ABERYSTWYTH OBSERVER. Sir,—I was much surprised at the contents of a letter, signed "One of the 1 acuity," which appeared in your last impression, where the writer complains of the want of a regular supply of milk in the town. Your correspondent appears to be much annoyed at the way in which he is served with milk. If, how- ever, he has not been able to' get his milk regularly from the dealer to whom he is a customer, it does not follow that he cannot get it elsewhere and if some are insolent, it is no evidence that others are not civil and obliging. If j were dissatisfied with my medical man, my course would be to try another, and not run down the whole profession in the public papers. Your correspondent asks "if there is no re- medy." His remedy is simply this On occasions when he cannot get milk of the person who pretends to supply him, let him send to 28, Little Dark-gate- street or, what would be better still, become my regular customer. It would give me much pleasure J to supply not only "One of the Faculty, but the whole faculty, with pure milk and there is no class of men more capable of testing its genuineness. I opened my dairy in Little Dark-gate-street a few months before the one in Terrace Road and I flat- ter myself that since then no individual has done more towards supplying Aberystwyth with the ar- ticle in question than I have done. It is my object to provide a supply quite equal to the demand. My own interest ought to be sufficient inducement to 1 do so for the business can only be remunerative on a large seale. The daily increase of my numerous i customers is the best proof that universal satisfaction is given.—I remain, sir, your obedient servant, Olanmorju, Taliesin. RICHARD JONES.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. THE GOGERDDAN FOXHOUNDS WILL MEET I Wednesday, Deo. 2nd The Kennels EACH DAT AT 10 O'CLOCK. J THE VALE OF AYRON FOXHOUNDS I Capt. Vaughan's) WILL MEET ON Monday, Nov.30th.at Llanfihangel-ar-Arth Bridge. Saturday, December 5th Llanlear. AT 10.30 O CLOCK.
Jwarnagrs. On the 18th inst., at St. Michael's Parish Church, in this town. by the Rev. Octavius Davies, M.A., Curate, Mr Thomas Garner, confectioner. Terrace Road, to Elizabeth, second daughter of Mr David Davies, of Ponterwyd. 0 On the 20th inst., at Llanychaiarn Parish Church, by the Rev. J. Dayipi, M.A., Vicar, Mr William Jones, Pont Llanio, to Jane, daughter of Mr Edward Lloyd, Ty'nyfron. On the 25tb inst., at St. Michael's Parish Church, in this town, by the Rev. E. Owen Phillips, M.A., Vicar, Mr Thomas New all, of Birmingham, to lrà- Jones, 8, Market-street, in this town. tiittt, On the 25th inst., after a long illness, aged 83 years, Capt. Evari Jenkins, "Energy," ot this portv Printed and Published- by th J Proprietor, DAvio JENKINS, at his Afachino Printing Works, Pier 1* street and Great Dark-g; te-Jtreet, Aberystwyth.