THE MARKETS. ABERYSTWYTH, Monday, March 9th, 1868. Wheat 9s. od. to 9s. 6d. per bushel, Barley 5s. Od. to 5s. 3d., Oats 3s. Gd. to 3s 9d. per bushel, Potatoes (new) 9d. per lb. from Birmingham, (old) 3s. Od. to 3s. 3d. per bushel. Butter (fresh) Is. 2d., (salt) lOjd. per lb., Eggs 21 for Is., Cheese (Welsh) 3d. per lb., Beef 8d. to '.Ul per lb., Mutton 8d. to 9d. per lb., Veal 5|d per lb., Pork 7d. per lb Lamb 2s. per lb., or 15s per quarter, Turbot Is., per lb., Fowls 2s. 6d. to 3s. 6d. per couple, Turkeys 5s. to 7s each, Hares 3s. 6d each. Rabbits lOd. each, Oysters (na- tives) Is. 3d. to Os. Od a score, Grapes 2s. a pound, Apples 2s. per 100, Oranges 16 for Is., Herrings 16 for 1 s, Lobsters 2s. per lb., Wool Is. 3d. per lb. WELSHPOOL.—Wheat, per 801b., lis Od to lls(M, Barley, per 40 qts., Os Od to as 3d, OatH per bag, 18s Od to 23s Od. Epgs 11 for Is, Butler Is dd to Is 3d per lb, Fowls 3s Od to 48 Od a. coup'e, Ducks, 4s Od 10 5s Od., Potatoes 4s. Od. to 5s. Od. per bushel. CARMARTHEN.—Wheat from 6s. lOd to 8s. Od. per bushe of 64 lb., Barley 4s 9d. to 3s. 4d. per bushel oi 54lb:, Outs 2s. to 3s. per bushel of 40)h.,Flour 34s. to 4Ss. per sack of280))).s. OSWESTItY. Wheat, IDs. 6d. to Us. 8d., Barley, irrinding 5s. 3d, to 5s. 6<1., Oats, 4s Od. to 4s. 9<1., per meimure, Butter, Is. 2.1. to Is. 3d. a lb., Fowls 3s. fid. to 3* 9d. a couple, Egfrs 10 to 12 for 18., Duckt, 4s Od to 4s 6d a couple, Potatoes, 10 lb. for (id. WREXHAM.—White Wheat lis. 3s. to lis. 6d., Red Wheat lis Oli. to lis. 2d., Oats 4s. Od. to 4s. 6d., Malting Barley 6s Od to 6s Sd., Grinding Barley 5s. 6s. to (is. Oli., Potatoes 3s. Oel. to 3s 9d. a measure, Butter Is. 2d. to Is 3d. a lb., Fowls 8s. 6d. to 4s. Od. per couple, Ducks 4s. to 4s 6d. per couple, Eggs 9 for ts.
MONUMENTS for Churches, Churchyards, and Cemeteries, executed in Stone, Marble, and Granite, may be inspected in the Show Rooms, at H. DODSQN'S Marble Works. Swan-hill. Shrewsbury. Printed and- Published by the Proprietor, DAVID JKXKIXS, at his General Printing-Office, Pier. street, Aberystwyth. Saturday. March 14, 1868.
SALE Off1 TI-M J. W. ROGERS I HAS received instructions t> SELL BY AUC- TION, on WEDNESDAY, the 18th of MARCH instant, at 12 o'clock, at Itnoscellan-fach, (on the Estate of G. G. Williams, Esq.,) a quantity of POLES, comprising Oak, Ash, Larch, Elm, Beech, and Sveamore, together with a large quantity of other Timber suitable for Mining and Fencing purposes. The above will be sold in Lots to suit purchasers. TS tlVIS CASH. NOTICE. .1. W. BO^EIS, Auctioneer .s. Valuer, RESPECTFULLY intimates to the inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood of Aberyst- wyth. that at the solicitation of many friends he intend- ct irrying on the busings-; of AUCTIONEER AND VALUER, and that from this date will be open to conduct Sales of Furniture, Stock, Merchan- dize, and other property that rimy be entrusted to him. J. \V. R. hjjpes, by adopting a system of moderate charges, combined with strict integrity, to merit a share of public support. IMMEDIATE CASH SETTLE- MENTS the day after Sale, if required, and MONEY ADVANCED upon all descriptions of property consigned for absolute Sale. NB —Reference to Bankers 27, Little Dark-gate Street, Oct. 20tb, 18(i7. 930 000, E25 000, E20 000, &c for XI. 0\ TIIE FIRST OF EVERY MONTH, a por- LION of the IMPERIAL AUSTLFLAX GUARANTEED ST VTK LOAXS will lie allotted to the Subscribers. Anyone pur,- a Allure fur £ 1 !:sis a buna-flute chance to obtain one of the above-mentioned Premiums; Six Shares are given for To save foreign postage, application for Prospectuses (which will be sent t/rnth) should he made by letters, addressed MK. J. A UINOK, 14, DUKE-STREET, ADELHHI, LONDON, W.C. r>A VID OYD^ 36 & 37, Great Dark-gate Street, ABERYSTWYTH. TO LOBPBLtYATB H0U§ £ §. "T^'EWLY rpceived a nicely a-sorted Stock of the following very uselul articles. Low price and good quality invite inspection Hearth Rugs Bolster Ticks Union Damask Moreens roydon Sheeting, wide Dimitie9 and harrow Coloured Table Covers Linen ditto Victoria best ditto Window Hollands Table Centres New pattern in ditto Oil Baizes Window Muslins Biow n Table Linen Ditto Hangings Ditto, by the yard Fringes, Bullion and While Damask di' to ) Toitet Different widths, by > Toilet Cloths, by the the yard ) yard Towels Terry Quilts Sultana ditto Blankets Bed Ticks Every effort will be made to clear the whole off in the course of this month, so as to be better pre- pared for Spring and Summer Goods. The following rules are strictly observed :— 1. All for ready money only, and DO abatement. 2. One price asked. 3 No discount allowed. N. B. A new set of patterns of best Floor Cloths. Agent for the Sale of Wheeler and Wilson's Sewing Machines. ABERYSTWYTH SPRING MEETING WILL TAKE PLACE On Wednesday §• Thursday, April 15th$f lGth,1868, STEWARDS LIEUT. COL, PRYSE, M.F.H. H. C. FRYER, Esq. H. VAUGHAX, Esq., M.F.H. j JOIiX R. HOWELL, Esq. MORUAX JOXES, Esq., M.F.H. I H. I>. JEVAXS, Esq. G, G. WILLIAMS, Esq., Hun. Secretary. FIRST DAY. THE PRINCIPALITY HUNT STEEPLE CHASE of £ 40, added to a Sweepstakes of £4 each, £ 1 forfeit, second horse to save his stake, for horses that have been regularly hunted in Wales duriug the season of 1867-1868, and have never won any Steeple Chase or Hurdle Race, in respect of which race horse duty was payable About 3 miles. Four years old, list. five, 12st six and aged, 12131. 7lbs. Winners (Military races excepted) up to the time of starting—once, 7lbs twice lOlbs. extra. To be ridden by Gentlemen riders, as inter- preted by the National Steeple Chase Rules," or by Gentlemen who are members of any established Foxhunting Club. Professionals, 71bs. extra. To close and name to the Hon. Sec. on or before Tues- day, the 24th of March, ISGR. THE FARMEkS'&TRADESMEN'S STEEPLE CHASE of £15, for horses bona fide the property of Tenant Farmers and Tradesmen residing in Car- diganshire. About 2 miles. Catch weights. En- trance, 10s., to go to the fund. First horse, £ 15. second, XI. third, 10s To close and name to the Hon. Sec. on April 14th, at the Gogerddan Arms Hotel, Aberystwyth, between the hours of 8 and 10 p.m. THE UNITED COUNTIES LIGHT WEIGHT STEEPLE CHASE of £ 30, added to a Sweepstakes of L3 each, £ 1 forfeit; second horse to save his stake to carry list. 71bs., the winner of the Prin- cipality 14)bs extra, for horses bona fide the pro- perty of residents in Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire, and Montgomeryshire, and that have been regularly hunted in either of the said Counties during the season 18G7—1808. Winners up to theltime of starting—once, 71bs.; twice, lOlbs. extra. (Military races excepted-) About.3 mdes. Riders who have won a stake of the value of £ 100 to carry 71bs. extra. To close and name to the Hon. Sec. as in the Principality Steeple Chase. THE OPEN HURDLE RACE of £ added to a Sweepstakes of £ 1 each, second horse to save his stake. 2 miles over hurdles. To be handicapped by the Stewards, or whom they may appoint. To close and name as in the Principality Steeple Chase.
SECOND DAY. THE WELTER STEEPLE CHASE of JE30, added to a Sweepstakes of 3 Sovereigns each X I forfeit second horse to save his stake, to carry 13st. 7lbs., for horses bona fide the property of resi- dents in the counties of Cardigan, Carmarthen, Pembroke, and Montgomery, and that have been regularly hunted during the season 1867-68 in either of the said counties. Winners (Military races excepted) up to the time of starting-once 7lbs.; twice lOlbs. extra. Gentlemen riders only, as interpreted by "The National Steeple Chase Rules," or who are members of any established Fox- hunting Club. About 3 miles. To close and name to the Hon. Sec. as in the Principality Steeple Chase. THE OPEN GALLOWAY STEEPLE CHASE. For horses under 14 hands 3 inches high, of £15, added to a Sweepstakes of £1 each; second horse to save his stake. About 2 miles over the Steeple Chase Course. Four years old, 9st. five, 9st. 71b.; six and aged. lOst. To name and close on Wednes day, the 15th of April, at the Gogerdden Arms, Aberystwyth, between the hours of 8 and 10 p.m. THE CONSOLATION HURDLE RACE of £ forced for winners, entrance 11. Second horse to save his stake. Two miles over hurdles. To be handicapped by the Steward-, or by whom they may appoint. Post entry. THE PONY RACE.
Conditions under which the above Races will be run:- "National Steeple Chase Hules.Three horses. the property of separate owners, and out of different stables, to run for each race. or the added money will be withheld. No horse is qualified to start in the above races that has ever been in a public train- ing stable, or paid race horse duty. Certificates of having been fairly hunted, signed by the master of the pack with which the horse has been hunted, to be produced in the Princip ility, Light Weight, and Welter Stakes, if demanded. All horses running in the above races to have been in the possession of their present owner for at least two calendar months previous to their starting. All disputes, ut whatever k nd, to be settled by the Stewards, or whom they may appoint, and their de- cision to be strictly linal. All entries for the Principality, Light Weight, and Welter Steeple Chase, to be made to the Hon. Sec., on or before March 24th Forfeits to be sent with the entries, or they will not be received. Stakes to be paid and colours named at the Gogerddan Arms, Aberystwyth, between the hours of 8 and 10 p.m. on Tuesday, April 14th. Further information may be had of G. G. WILLIAMS, Esq., Hon. Sec., Rhoscellanfawr, Aberystwyth. There will be an Ordinary on the first day of Racing, and Balls on Tuesday and Thursday. N.B.—Horses running for any of the above Steeple Chases will not be liable for Race Horse Duty.
WHAT FORTUNE !—Mr James Jones, having been first in a competition of a 199 candidates, to be third class clerk in Her Majesty's bottle-washing depart- ment, at a salary of 751. per annum. 0 fortunate nimium Oh! happy, happy JONES !—Judy. A CIRCULAR NOTE.-The papers contain adver- tisements of a new serial publication called The Labour CircuLlr." Is tliis but another name for the treadmill ?—Judy.
BOARD OF GUARDIANS, ABERYSTWYTH. Monday, 8th March, 1668. The usual fortnightly meeting "f the Poor Law Guardians was held on Monday last, in the hoard- room of the Union Workhouse. The guardians present were—G. W. Parry, Esq., chairman, John Hughes, E-q., vice-ctiairman, Messrs. E. H. Mor- gan, John Jones, Lewis Jones, Daniel Thomas, Edward Edwards, John Davies, Isaac James, Row- land Rowlands, Thomas Jalnes, Evall Herbert, John Morgan, and David Jacob Davies. Dr. Roberts and Dr. James were also in atten- dance. Mr Hugh Hughes having read the minutes of the previous meeting, ihe ordinary business was pro- ceeded with. Margaret Davies, aged 60. a widow, living in High-street, being wholly disabled, had died on the 6th inst. Relieving Officer had given her 2s. for wine pre- vioustoher death. Confirmed. James Jones, aged 52, of Penparcau, a labourer, wholly disabled, having 3s. 6d. a week. Allowed Gd. extra. Judith Williams, aged 68, a charwoman, living in Britannia Court, partially disabled. Allowed 2s. a week. Ellfn Evans, aged 65, of Castle Lane, a cook, entirely disabled. Allowed 2s. 6d. a week. Margaret Jones, aged 55, of Queen-street, char- woman, entirely disabled. Allowed 2s. 6d. a week. Jane Morgans, aged Ù8, of Prospect-street, a char- woman, being in receipt of relief, died on the 1st instant. Margaret Jones, aged 82, of New Quay, entirely blind. Allowed 6d. a week extra. Elizabeth Humphreys, aged 65, charwoman, with one child, aged 7, applied for relief for the child of her deceased h usballll. Allowed 2s. a week, for a fortnight. Thomas Lewis, aged 70. with wife aged 70, a ship- wright; living in Queen-street, wholly disabled from old age. Allowed 3s. a week, for two months. Job Jones, aged 35, of Quetin-street, a labourer, with wife aged 36, having iive children, having been out of work, and his wife having just been confined. Relieving Officer gave him 2s. for the last fortnight. Confirmed. Elizabeth James widow, a charwoman, living in High-street, having seveji children, the youngest 3 months old, applied for relief, her husband having beell drowned. Case deferred. Elizabeth Morgan, aged 52, Trefechan, charwo- man, having two children, her boy being ill, applied for elief. Allowed 6d. a week extra during the illness of the boy. William Thomas, aged 78, Trefechan, a labourer, being entirely blind, applied for extra relief. Allowed 6d a week extra. Catherine Evans, aged 52, of Mill Lane, a char- woman, now living with her brother. Relief taken off. John Jones, aged 74, with wife, Jiving at Pen- parcau, a labourer, entirely disabled, applied for clothing. Application refused.
—+ PETTY SESSIONS, ABERYSTWYTH. Tuesday, March 10th, 1868. Before Richard Robers, Esq., mayor, and John Davies, Esq. CRUELTY TO ANIMALS. William Adams was fined 10s., including costs, for having a horse with a raw on his shoulder harnessed to a vehicle, and driven about the streets. ABUSIVE LANGUAGE. John Jones v. Susan Morgans. John Jones, carman, sworn On Wednesday last the defendant, who lives in Fountain Court, called after witness. She said, "You old blackguard, leave the children alone," and called him other names, and otherwise annoyed him, so as to incite him to commit a breach of the peace. Witness wanted quietness William Williams, sworn Witness was present when the defenant called the complainant by abusive names, and otherwise annoyed him. The defendant was bound over to keep the peace for twelve months in the sum of 51. PAINFUL CASE. Hugh Jones v. Mary Rees. Hugh Jones, sworn Witness has been repeatedly annoyed by the defendant and on last Wednesday the defendant was standing by her husband's door, in Queen-street, when witness was passing with some other persons, and defendant called after him, Oh, have you more feeling now than when my son was lost in your vessel." She has on many occasions annoyed witness in a like manner. Wishes to have quietness with her. The defendant here made a passionate statement as to the loss of her son, and burst into tears. John llees, the husband of the defendant said he regretted to see his wife in that position to-day, but she had suffered a great deal, and her feelings had overcome her. She and he were very much put out at the cruel conduct of the complainant to them in their affliction. No explanation had ever been given to them as to the loss of their son. He went on to re- count in very touching terms the story of the sorrow they had suffered,^and the effect such affliction had had upon his wife's health. The complainant begged leave of the court to de- fend himself. This was a very serious matter for him, as the charge was now being made public. It was on the night of the 10th November, 1866, the son of the defendant sailed with the complainant from Liverpool. The night was so dark and stormy that they were obliged to reef their mainsail. After that three men went aloft to reef the topsail Rees was one of them, and he fell down into the sea. Witness hollowed out to him several times, but re- ceived no reply. Witness was then at the helm. Before the other men came down the vessel had been put about, and was on the other tack, bearing up to the spot where Rees had fallen over. Hol- lowed again frequently, but received no answer. They lay in that way for a few minutes, then took the opinion of the men as to what was best to be done. Asked them would it not be better to put the boat out; but they told him it would not be safe to do so, and he thought so too. We were close to the land at that time, and it was blowing very hard. We got the- ship under way, and put her about again, and in half-an-hour after they were run down by another vessel. Witness got into Bangor the next day, after having been sixteen hours at the helm. Witness there wrote a letter, which Mr William Thomas has seen. Witness thought that the Rees's would take the thing better by hearing it from wit- ness's wife rather than by writing to them. If he did wrong in so acting, it was only an error in judg- ment on hia part. He did it for the best. Mr Saunders told his wife to call Mrs Rees to her and show her the letter, and she did so. Witness's wife after that gave the letter into Rees's hand to read, but he did not read it, so she read it for him. The correspondence all went through his wife. In his letter witness said that the drowned man's box would be at home by such a time, but the collector at Beau- maris mistook his duty. He told witness's son if there was no message that he might send the box home, and the key was sent in an envelope. Mr John Rees: What you did was your duty. But you ought to have sent us word. You have confessed that. Mr W. Thomas He did it with the best intention. Mr Davies: The grievance is that Capt. Jones did not call on the defendant when he came home. Capt. Jones said he had offered him, through John Jacob, as coming from chapel. Witness told Jacob to say that he would meet John Rees at his house or anywhere else, to tell him all. Offered to go then and there to meet him. But Mrs Rees said she could not bear the presence of witness. John Rees said he had proved it of Jacob in the chapel that he told lies. They had never before heard so much of the circumstance as they had this day. By the advice of the magistrates the summons was withdrawn, Mr Thomes volunteering to give the costs back.
INQUEST. An inquest was held at Uanddeinio), on the 10th instant, before J. M. Davies, Esq., Coroner, on the body of a man of about middle age, and of the iddle size, and strongly made, which was washed ashore near Llanrhystid. David Morris stated,— I am a farmer, and live at Ty'nbwlch, in the parish of Llanddeiniol. On Sun- day morning, the 8th inst., about 8 o'clock, I saw something floating on the sea opposite Ty'nbwlch. When it was washed ashore, it proved to be the body of a man. I, and others who were with me, sent to inform Philips, the police constable station- ed at Llanrhystid. When Philips came, we carried the body up to the top of the rock, and there Philips searched his clothes, which consisted of a blue flannel shirt, over a stripe check linen one, under which was a white woollen crochet waistcoat. He had on a pair of fustian trousers, nearly new, with white calico drawers; grey woollen stockings, such as are usually worn in Wales, and a pair of blucher shoes, nailed-the nails on the sole within those on the edge being in two segments of a circle, back to back, and not in straight lines, as usual. In his pocket were found thirteen pence in copper, and a silver sixpence, all British money; the bowl of a clay pipe, stamped with a crowl) and the letter L, with plated tin cap to fit it; and a dark coloured cotton long purse, with tassels and rings; a knife with one blade and black horn handle, maker's name Parr and Co., Sheffield. Verdict,— Fouud deud.
POPULAR READINGS. The third of the present series of entertainments was given at the National School-room, on Wednes- day last. The chair was occupied by Thomas Jones, Esq than whom no better chairman could be found. The following unusually lengthy and varied pro- gramme was gone through with perfect success :— Overture, (violin and pianoforte,) Mr George Careswell and Mr Inglis Bervon; song and chorus, Mother will comfort me," Miss E. Jones and choir; reading, Old Age," Rev. Thomas R. Morice, M.A.; solo (pianforte), Andante in F, Miss Kite Rees; reading, selection from The Lady of the Lake, Mr Hentig; song, Come back, my darling," Mrs Bervon; duet (violin and pianoforte), "Prince Imperial Galop," Mr White and .Mr Turner; trio, The Mermaid's Song," the Misses Johnson and Master Davies (Antaron); reading (Welsh), a selec- tion, Mr D. Thomas; song," Poor Shepherd Maid," Miss S. E. Hughes; solo (flute), Scena Dramati- que," Mr G. J. Williams; reading, "Genevra," Mrs lIentig; song, "Where there's a will there's a way," Mr E. Simcox; duet (pianoforte), "Italiana in Algeria," Miss Maude Brown and Mr 1. Bervon; reading, selection from David Copperfield," Mr Hamer; song, "The May Queen," Miss Johnson, accompanied by Miss Trubshaw; reading, Dream of the Infinite," Mr G. H. Thomas; chorus," Mer- rily o'er the waves," Mr Richard James and choir; finale, God save the Queen." The overture gave honest promise of the whole evening's performance being executed to the full satisfaction of a numerous and descriminating audience. A song and chorus were given by Miss E. Jones's and Mr Richards's admirably trained choir of children with much of perfection and taste. The Rev. Thomas Morice read, with emphasis that told up in every ear, a judicious and pleasing selec- tion from that very excellent work" Gentle Life." Miss Kate Rees performed one of Beethoven's most scholastic and difficult pianoforte pieces with sin- gular success. Mr Ilentig's reading of a scene from Scott's Lady of the Lake," the renowned passage picturing the combat between Filz-James and Rhoderick Dhu,with a verygreatamount ofdramatic effect. Mrs Uervon sang Come back my darling" in her tenderest tones. This song was followed by a violin and pianoforte duet, Mr White and Mr Tumor, which, being dance music, set the legs of the company collected in a merry mood. Then fol- lowed one of the vocal gems of the evening, a trio by the Misses Johnson and Master Davies. It was pleasant truly to behold the three young blooming faces on the platform, and, if possible, more pleasant still to enjoy the excellent manner in which the three young vocalists rendered their music. Nothing could possibly have been more appropriate and ten- der than the manner in which the accompaniment was played by MissTrubsha.v. Mr DavidThoinas read a selection in VVilsh, which was, of course, received with uproarious applause. Miss S. E. Hughes sang Alexander Lee's pretty ballad "Poor Shepherd Maid" in such a manner as to be loudly applauded at the close. Mr G.J. Williams's solo on the Bute followed, the performer acquitting himself with satisfaction. Then came the reading of the evening—a lady's reading of an extract from Roger's beautiful poem, "Italy." It is simple justice to assert that Mrs Hentig'8 reading was a rare specimen of elocution- ary excellence; and we sincerely hope that she will again and frequently consent to delight and educate Our audiences with such displays of scholarly read- ing. Mr E. Simcox sang in a popular style a po- pular ballad by one Harry Clifton, the most inno- cuous of music hall musical compilers. Miss Maude Brown's pianoforteduetwith Mrliervoh gave pleasing promise of the young lady's future efficiency. Mr Hamer read in a voice somewhat too subdued, the inimitable scene from the great Observer's" (as Lord Lytton once called Dickens) great work "David Copperfield." The scene most judiciously selected was that where the child being sent by his relentless stepfather to school without any com- panion, stops to dine alone at the inn from which the stage-coach starts. The vocal triumph of the evening followed-Miss Johnson's rendering of the Laureate's immortal May Queen." Each succes- ¡ sive time we enjoy the pleasure of hearing Miss Johnson singing,the enjoyment increases. The wealth, the purity, the searching qualities of her voice suffer no comparison with many other amateurs that hava been heard publicly in Aberystwyth within our time. There is an evidence of natural ease and a perfection of true teaching present in every note this young lady enunciates, which stamps the performer a true artiste. The last reading of the evening was, in its subject, the most sublime. It was a translation from the German of Jean Paul Riechter by De Quincy, entitled A Dream of the Infinite," which, indeed, for sublimity of expression and exaltation of thought, stands without a superior amongst the littrary excerpts of our generation. A chorus by Mr Rich ird James's choir, very admirably rendered, closed the programme. The Rev. E. Owen Phil- lips proposed a vote of thanks to the chairman, Mr Thomas Jones, in a very effective speech, which, being most warmly received, Mr Jones responded, and the whole concluded with the National Anthem, Mrs Bervon taking the solo part. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather, the attendance was more than ordinarily full, and the enjoyment seemed to be general.
4 COUNTY GAOL.—PUBLIC MEETING. In compliance with a requisition, numerously signed, presented to the mayor, his worship convened a special meeting to be held at the Town Hall on last Tuesday evening on the subject of the proposed site for the new county gaol. There was a numer- ous attendance. The chair was filled by Richard Roberts, Esq., mayor. Amongst those present were Messrs alderman Jones, councillors John Davies, John Roberts, John Rees, Richard Morris, Dr. James, Dr. C. Rice Williams, Capt. C. Bassett Lewis, J. J. Atwood, Hugh Hughes, Jonathan Pell. Ben- jamin Hughes, Rowland Evans, David Williams, E. L. Cole, J. P. Jones, David Jones, (solicitor,) John Jones, (Commerce House,) John Williams, (Bridge Street,) John Jones, (Great Dark-gate- street,) William Julian, &c., &c. Mr Thomas Jones having moved the mayor to the chair, The mayor addressed the meeting to the following effect :— He said all present were aware that that meeting had been convened to give the public an opportunity of consulting as to the proper measures to be taken in order to secure for Aberystwyth the possession of the new gaol which it was in contemplation to erect for the county. He hoped such strong measures would he taken as to ensure success for their efforts. He begged leave to call on Mr Atwood to address the meeting. (Hear, hear.) Mr Atwood, in rising, said that he had but little or nothing more to say on the subject than had been already said. The question had been argued pro. and con. ad nauscum, and the facts remained the same. Four towns competed for for the honour—he did not know whether to call it an honour or a dis- honour (laughter) of having the county gaol, but whatever it might be the claims of Aberystwyth were paramount to those of all the other competing places. (The speaker then w ent fully into the ar- guments which he and other ratepayers had urged at former meetings, and which have been fully reported in these columns.) lie (Mr Atwood) believed that the magistrates at the lower end of the county would leave no stone unturned to get the gaol down there. For that purpose they were putting quite young men on the commission, for the purpose of carrying the question. Aberystwyth must petition the quarter sessions, and if it was not listened to they must appeal to the Secretary of State. (Cheers.) A deputation must go down to the quarter sessions, and that deputation must tell the magistrates—If you choose to ignore our claims we will exercise the privilege which the law allows us, and which you cannot deprive us of-we will sfparate ourselves from the county, and govern ourselves as we chouse. (Loud cheers.) Mr Atwood concluded by proposing to appoint a committee, whose business it would be to see the town preperly represented at the quarter sessions. Mr Davies (ex-mayor) seconded. In doing so the speaker very strenuously urged the paramount claims of the town, and if they separated from the county they could manage their own affairs at a much cheaper rate than they now paid the county for managing them. Mr Benjmnin Hughes addressed the meeting at considerable length and with much effect. He asked which amongst the towns was ready to come forward with the offer of a free site save Aberystwyth, lie also referred to the vast number of magistrates in the south of the county, where property and popu- lation were at a low figure in comparison with the north, which contained the great bulk of wealth and population. Mr John Roberts and Mr Hugh Hughes addressed the meeting. Mr B. Hughes stated that a pamphlet had been written on the subject, a copy of which it was pro- posed to send to all the magistrates, judges, barris- ters, Secretary o' State, &c. The following committee was accordingly elected; Richard Roberts, mayor; John Parry, town clerk: W. H. Thomas, clerk of the Town Commissioners; Hugh Hughes, treasurer for the Corporation; J. J. Atwood; John Roberts; G. T. Smith; John Mat- thews; John Davies; John Watkins; John Rees; Jonathan Pell; Benjamin Hughes; and Dr. C. Rice Williams. Mr Benjamin Hughes proposed that Mr. O'llal- loran be requested to act as secretary of the com- mittee. Mr John Roberts seconded. Carried unanimously. A vote of thanks to the mayor closed the pro- ceedings.
THE COUNTY GAOL. We understand that a pamphlet addressed to the magistrates and ratepayers of the county, entitled "Suggestions as to the proper Site for the New County Gaol for Cardiganshire," will be read pub- licly at the town commissioners' meeting on Tues- day next.
THE COUNTY GAOL. We understand that the majority of the committee of magistrates, which met at Lampeter on Wednes- day last, have decided to recommend the town in which their meeting WHS held as possessing the most suitable site in the county for the county gaol We hope that the gentlemen who so decided will, at the next Quarter Sessions, favour the public with their reasons for arriving at such a singular decision. In the meantime Aberystwytb will, no doubt, concert such measures as shall show to the ratepayers of the county at large the inadvisability of acting on such a recommendation.
♦ CHANCERY PENNY READINGS. The last for this season of a series of readings was given at the school-room, at the above place, on Tuesday last, for the benefit of the Aberystwyth In- firmary and Cardiganshire General Hospital. We are happy to understand that on this occasion the room was crowded, and the proceeds of the meeting amounted to 21. The programme, which was well got up. was gone through to the satisfaction of all present. Great praise is due to the Misses Davies, of Ffosrhydgaled, for the manner that they have conducted these entertainments during the present series, and for the trouble they-have taken in getting up the programme for each meeting.— Communicated. ♦
MANCHESTER AND MILFORD RAILWAY. The alterations which have been in progress for some time on the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway from Pencader to Carmarthen are completed; and on receipt of the government inspector's certificate, the Manchester and Milford Company will run through trains from Carmarthen to Aberystwyth.
ROYAL NATIONAL LIFE-BOAT INSTITU- TION. The annual general meeting of the friends and supporters of the Royal National Life-boat Institu- tion was held on Tuesday last, the 10th inst., at the London Tavern, Bishop's-gate-street. The Right Hon. H. T. L. Corry, M.P., First Lord of the Admi- ralty, occupied the chair. The meeting was influen- tially and numerously attended. The chairman in opening the proceedings said that he had much satisfaction in taking the chair at the annual meeting of so important and national an insti- tution. It was indeed an institution worthy of our country, and it was very pleasing and satisfactory to observe its continued great progress. The clear and important facts which were detailed in its annual report could not fail to elicit the admiration of every one. (Hear, hear ) After some further appropriate remarks, the chairman called on Richard Lewis, Esq., secretary to the institution, uho then read the annual re port, of which the fol- lowing is an extract :— The report, after giving expression to the grati- tude of the committee for the continued support ex- tended to the society, stated that the institution, dur- ing the past year, had received a gratifying inter- national recognition of its importance, and of the perfection of its working machinery, in the award of the Grand Prix d' Honneu1'" (the largest Gold Medal) conferred on it by the Imperial Commission of the Universal Exhibition held at Paris, where it exhibited a full-sized first-class life-boat, with tran- sporting carriage, and equipment complete. The boat and equipment, as a tangible expression of sympathy, had been presented to the Life-boat Society ot France, v.'hieh had been founded and organized on the principles of this institution. Twenty-seven life-boats had been built during the p^st year by »ii« institution. They were the means of saving no less than 783 lives during the past twelve months-nearly the whole of them under circumstances in which they could not have been saved by any ordinary description of boat. The number of lives saved during the 44 years from the establishment of the Institution in 1824, to the end of the year 1867 either by the life- boats, or by special exertions for which it has granted rewards, was 16,987. During the past year I Gold ;.Ida!, 12 Silver Medals, 13 Votes of Thanks, in- scribed on vellum and parchment, and 3,189/. had been grantad for saving the lives of 1,086 persons, by life-boats, shore and fishing boats, and other means, on the coasts and outlying banks of the United Kingdom. Sinc" the formation of the Society it had expended on litc-boatestahlishments 197,000/ and had voted 83 Gold and 784 Silver Medals for saving life, and pecuniary rewards to the amount of 2ï,8131. The total amount of receipts of the Insti- tution during the year 1867 was ;39.3051. Hk od. and of that sum no less than 12,292/ 28. (id. were special gifts to defray the cost of 25 life-boats. The total expenditure of the Society, including liabilities, amounted to 40,026/ 9s. :3ri. Twenty legacies of various amounts had been bequeathed to the Insti- tution during the past twelve months by different benevolent persons. The report having been moved and unanimously adopted, resolutions in furtherance of the objects of the Institution were proposed and seconded, and the proceedings terminated.
SUNI>AY CLOSING OF PLBLIC HOUSES.—Petitions in favour of the total closing of public houses on the Lord's Day are now being numerously signed by the various denominations ot our town. Mr Abel Smith's bill for attaining that praiseworthy object is to come on next Wednesday. We understand that some of the leading hotel keepers in Liverpool have voluntarily determined henceforward to have closed doors on the sacred day an example worthy of imi- tation everywhere, our own town included, where too great a number are openly and flagrantly regard- less of their duty in this respect. A HINT TO uCR DKAINAOE COMMITTEE.—Dr. Jones, of Runbon, has reported several cases of fever from Cefn and Khosymedre, to the Wrexham Board of Guardians, chiefly caused by bad drainage. THE WATER QUESTION KLSUWHEHE.—A question of considerable importance to the towns on the banks of the Dee has been discussed at a public meeting in Llangollen. The Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company are making an application to Par- liament this session for an increase of powers, and amongst other matters for the requisite authority to derive a larger supply of water from the Dee, above DangoHen the bill they have submitted to the legislature, at the same time suggesting no limita- tions as to its quantity or the specific purposes for which it will be required. The vagueness of the application has excited some alarm amongst many, who think that no water should be taken from the stream at higher points of its course without caution. Not only are the fish produced in it highly valuable, and the fishing a source of employment to thousands, but it is argued that a full and clear stream is abso- lutely requisite for securing the efficient water sup- ply of the towns on its banks, as well as for keeping open the navigation, which has so rapidly diminished of late years. There is therefore going to be an energetic effort to obtain certain instructions and securities. The meeting above referred to is to be followed by another at Chester, and the subject is to be brought before the Chester town council. A SINGULAR SIGN.—The following, says the North Wales Chronicle, is a verbatim copy of a sign formerly to be seen over a shoemaker's shop in the village of Ilenllan, near Denbigh. The schoolmaster would seem to have been in a very bad way when the sign was written and composed "Pryce Dyas, Coblar, dealer in Bacco Shag and Pig tail, Bacon and Gingarbread Eggs laid every morning by me, and very good Paradise, in the Summer Gentlemen and Lady can have good Tae and Crumpets, and Strawberry with a scim milk, because I can't get no cream. N.B.—Shuse and Boots mended very well."
THE QPEEN. A FIRE-SIDE SONG. Yes, wife, I'd be a thronged king, That you might share my ioyal seat, That titled beauty 1 might bring And princes' homage to your feet. How quickly then would nobles see Your courtly grace-your regal mien; Even duchesses all blind should be To flaw or speck in you, their Queen. Poor wish! O wife, a queen you are, To whose feet many a subject brings A truer homage, nobler far Than bends before the thrones of kings. You rule a realm, wife, in this heart Where not one rebel fancy's seen, Where hopes and smiles, how joyous start To own the sway of you, their Queen. How loyal are my thoughts by day! How faithful is each dream ot night! Not one but lives but to obey Your rule,—to serve you, its delight; My hours—each instant—every breath Are, wife, as all have ever been, Your slaves, to serve you unto death o wife, you are indeed a Queen Home Poems.
SUBSCRIPTIONS IN AID OF THE LLAN- BADARN-FAWR RESTORATION FUND." £ s, d. Lord Bishop of St. David's 100 0 0 G. E. J. Powell, Esq., Nanteos 200 G 0 Rev. L. Gilbet tson, B.D., Jesus College, Oxford 50 0 0 Rev. JohnPtigb,Vicar. 50 0 0 Colonel Powell, Nanteos 200 0 0 Colonel Pryse, M.P., Peithyll 100 0 C .J G. W. Bonsall, Esq, Fronfraith 30 0 0 j G.W.Parry.Esq.Hidiade. 25 0 0 A Visitor at Aberystwyth 010 0 Lewis Pugh, Esq., Aberystwyth 50 0 0 JoiinEvans,Esq,Lovesgrove. 10 0 0 John Hughes, Esq., Lluestgwilym 10 0 0 John Jones Atwood, Esq Fronhculog 20 0 0 Mrs Evans, Portland-street, Aberystwyth 40 0 0 The Venerable the Archdeacon of York 30 0 0 A Visitor 0 10 0 Sir Stephen Glynne, Bart 5 0 0 Very Rev. The Dean of St. David's. 10 0 0 J. M. Davies, Esq., Antaron 10 0 0 John Parry, Esq., Glanpaith 10 0 0 Thomas Bonsall, Esq., Glanrheidol 15 15 0 R. Gilbertson, Esq., Aberystwyth 10 0 0 James Davies, Esq., Ffosrhydgaled 10 0 0 J. Loxdale, Esq., Castle Hill 10 0 0 Miss Loxdale, Castle Hill 5 0 0 Isaac Morgan, Esq., Llanbadarn 10 0 0 Rev. John Davies, Eghvys Rhos, Conway 10 0 0 Misses Durell, Oxford 5 0 0 Rev. S Ramsden Roe, Elstree 2 2 0 Miss Latham, Crlckhowell 2 0 0 Mr Evan Killin, Churchwarden 5 0 0 Lewis I'ugh Evans, Esq., Lovesgrove 10 0 0 Hev. Shalton, Wolverhamptou 1 0 0 Rev. H. Powell Edwards, Caerleon Vicarage. 2 2 0 "ev. E. Owen Phillips, Vicarage, Aber- -ystwyth 10 0 0 ir Pryse Pryse, Bart., Gogerddan, (first donation) 200 0 0 ight Rev. Lord Bishop of St Asaph 5 0 0 he Hon. Misses Rice, Barrington Park, Oxford 5 0 0 Rev.Canon Jerkins. Rectory of Llangyniw 5 0 0 Rev. Edward Edwards, Eglwysfaeh 210 0 Rev. John Pugh Evans. Rector of Even- eclityd, near Ruthin, 10 0 0 Rev. Hugh Morgan, Incumbent of Rhyl. 2 2 0 Rev. Thomas Evans. Vicar of Llanrhystid 1 0 0 Rev. Thomas Lewis, l'aynton, Oxford 100 Clericus 1 0 0 Mr M. II. Davis, Ironmonger, Aberyst- wyth 2 2 0 Peter G. Meats, Esq Northumberland Buildings, L>ath 1 0 0 Mr Henry Morgan, Pantyrallad 1 0 0 Capt. Francis Davies, Pershore 0 10 0
THE ROYALTY OF EVIDENCE; OB, THE WORLD IX THE WITNESS-BOX. Diverse as are 'he opinions of mell even it ilie same age an<I country about subjects apparently the simplest ;nid least liaule to .I'iscoDstriiRtion, it is not to he won-h-red tit that a universal concurrence of mankind in favour of any problem should be regarded as (to use a lawyer's term) a" royal evidence" 01 its ii'utli -indeed, so conclusive is op.nion deedJerl that Tllan" tiieoiosiians ui-fte it upon the attention of ma.eiiaii.st.s and soept'os a;, a resistless argument in favour of divinity. In fact, upon only two proposiiions can we obtain the univer- sal concurrence of hu.uanity upon all other points and lluesti jns mankind have" agreed to differ." In the existence of a Supreme Creator all tribes and races of men are of one mind. They give Hilll different attributes, in accordance with their peculiar tastes; but in the general belief that there is a God they are unanimous. In the elticdcj of Hol!owa\'s Universal Remedies for the cure of diseases a line unanimity exists in the opinion of the world. All countries, tribes, and races upon earlh employ these reme- dies, and derive benefit from their use: millions of savages to whose PiFS I he names of the greatest popentates of Europe have never yet been whispered, are familiar wiih the proper:it s arid powers of Holloway's external and internal remedies the mis- sionaries of health have preceded those of the Gospel; and, in numberless instances, the pin sical :elief imparted by the former has obtained and secured favourable audience for the more abstract and intangible blessings which the latter sonsjht an opportunity to bestow. Oil, readers, when they hear Holloway's medicines are em- ployed by every people, and advertised in every tongue on earth, may smile contemptuously (as we did) and think the tale a liiun- bue: —but let them be convinced (as we have been) that it is nothing but Ihe truth. Wherever types and printing presses exist Professor Holloway employs them to proclaim the sterling merits of his remedies; wherever they do NOT exist lie has employed accomplished interpreters and established special organs to make known his discovery; tongues to which The Hible is a stranger are eloquent with the name and fame of the great physician, who has scattered gifts of health over all lands and seas. The world is in the witness-box, and gives enthusiastic evi- dence in lavjur of Professor Holloway's remedies; let those who would impugn such testimony be cautious- for, by doing so, by a parity of reason, they strike at the very foundation of religion and morality. The world is in the witness-box, and gives its evidence for Holloway TI(e Dispatch.
BLASTING BY ELECTRICITY. On Thursday week an unusually large blast of six and a half tons (13,000 lbs.) of gunpowder was fired at the Llanymynech quarries, the property of Mr Thomas Savin, the object of the explosion being to tnrow d'iwn an enormous tuaSS of limestone rock, the estimated weight of the portion to be removed being not less than 40,000'to 50,000 tons. The charge was divided into three portions, the whole being simultaneously and most successfully ignited, by means of electricity, by Mr E. Gledhill, of the Penpompren Mines, Talybont, to whom the electrical arrangements for firing the blast were entrusted. A short discussion of the method adopted for springing a mine uf this description may not he un- interesting to some of our readers. Suppose a pre- cipice rising vertically to a height of 120 feet from the level ground, a little above the base of which rock a drift «as extended into it to a distance of 30 feet, terminating in a second drift or gallery, driven at right angles to the first, and carried in such direction from it, the total length of this driving being about 72 feet. Beneath the floor of the second gallery three small shafts were sunk at interval:; of 24 feet To the base of the rock, and at the bottom of these shafts, chambers were excavated sufficiently larg3 to hold the (jiumtity of gunpowder to be used. In this instance the chambers contained respec- tively 3 tons, 2 tons, and 1| tons of powder, making 2 6.1 1 tons in all, the charges being so regulated as to act as far as possible in accordance with the resis- tance offered by the stronger or weaker portions of the muns to be overthrown. The powder having been deposited in the cham- bers, the wires for conducting the electrical current were carefully connected with each of the charges, and carried through the drifts to the open air, and thence extended to a sufficient distance to ensure the safety of the operator. The powder was "tamped" with earth and clay, rammed tightly into the shafts and drifts, the latter being very compactly filled with the "tamping" material, to guard against the risk of a "blow out." All the necessary prepara- tions having been completed, upon a signal being received by the operator from Mr Savin a powerful current of electricity was transmitted through the conducting wires, communicating with each of the charges, and the same instant the whole simultan- eously exploded with one loud report, at once hurl- ing down and completely shattering a mass of rock computed to weigh not less than 40,000 tons. The effect of the explosion, as seen and heard by those who had the rare advantage of witnessing it from a near and a safe position, was grand in the extreme, and the result very forcibly demonstrated th fact of the superiority of mind over matter. Although massive pieces of rock were projected to very great distances no accident happened, we are glad to say, to any of the spectators who wit- nessed the explosion, amongst whom were several gentlemen well-known in scientific circles.
MANCHESTER AND MILFORD RAILWAY COMPANY.' The ordinary half-yearly meeting of the company was lately held at the offices of the company, G, Ray- mond Buildings, Gray's Inn. Mr G. E. Forster, the managing director, in the unavoidable absence of the chairman, presided. The following report was adopted unanimously, and after the transaction of the usual formal busi- ness, and a vote of thanks to the chairman the meeting separated. REPORT OF THE DIRECTORS. The directors have to report to the shareholders that the line between Aberystwyth and Pencader, being a distance of 42 miles, also the Llangurig branch, a distance of 5 miles, and the narrow gauge from Pencader to Carmarthen, making in the whole 032 miles, has been completed at a cost of about 2 700,000z., including the land and all parliamentary and legal expenses, all the present rolling stock and other incidental charges, or 11,0001. per mile, which, taking into account the very peculiar circamstances affected, chiefly by the state of the money market, the directors consider highly satisfactory, being very much less than the cost of most of the other railways iu Wales. The line and works are reported as being in good order, and that they are maintained in an efficient manner. The line has been regularly worked by the com- pany since August 12th, 1867. The traffic, although not large, continues steady, and with every prospect of improvement. The directors anticipate an in- crease in the receipts, now that the narrow gauge is complete between Pencader and Carmarthen, and it is understood that the Government officer will inspect that line shortly, in order that it may be opened for passenger traffic. Arrangements have been made for laying the nar- row gauge from Carmarthen to Whitland within the next three months, this section will complete the narrow gauge between North Wales and Milford Ilaven, when a further increase of traffic may be ex- pected, especially in lime, which is very much re- quired for the country traversed by the Manchester and Milford Railway. The directors regret to add, that by reason of the Mid-Wales Railway Company neglecting to make their line between Yspytty Ystwyth and Llangurig, y "I the Llangurig branch is at present unproductive. A general statement of accounts to December 31 st, 1867, has been prepared, which is intended to be printed, and sent to every holder of 100/. stock and upwards.
DID "herrings" originally come from Erin's Isle? and, if so, could they by any chance have been the first" finny ? "—Judy. NAVIGATION.— We are happy to state that Mr John Hushes, (son of our respected townsman the landlord of the Prince Albert, in this town,) passed his examination on Tuesday last, at Liverpool, as first mate for foreign service.
CORRESPONDENCE. We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions and sentiments uf our Correspondents.
UNIVERSITY AND MIDDLE-CLASS EDUoT TION FOR WALES. V TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABERYSTWYTH OBSERVER. Sir,—Since f sent you illY last brief letter the report, of the Schools Inquiry COlD mission has op- portunely appeared. This is by far the mostini- portant public document on our general subject produced in recent times, and is likely to influence most materially and beneficially 'he cause of Middie-class Education in England and Wales. The report, when fully completed, including all the evidence rendered by persons trom various parts of the country, will consist of some twenty volumes-Ien containing evidence, nine containing the results of the Assistant Commissioners' en- quiries and correspondence, and one containing the report proper, which has just been published. The Commissioners, it must be said, have entered upon their work with evident earnestness. The tone of their report is healthy and re-assuring They have carefti ly enquired into the state of Middle- class Education in the kingdo'n, and the means for its support, the results produced, and their conclu- sions are exacily what all men of competent ac- quaintance with the subject expectid. As a matter of course the main stress of their investigation bears upon the Endowed Grammar Schools, their resources, efficiency, and adequacy. Leaving out of the reckoning the great public schools, such as Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester, Westminster, Sf, Paul's, and others, concerning which another Commission had already reported, they find in existence above eight hundred Endowed Schools iti Kugland and Wale*, with a permanent income o! aliove t-vo hundred thousand pounds per annum. These institutions are found to be modelled for the requirements of the past—most probably w^ll d a pied to the times wherein iliey were founded —but failing iu suitableness for the wants of modern times Generally they are conducted with stiff perfunctory regard 10 the letter of the founder's will, without the elasticity and exsiveness which would respond to the new needs of atteringand advuncin^ age-so In numerous cases they are found to hear Mule educational fruit, and in some their extsence operates as a misctiii vous impediment, -ince, while hopelessly corrupt and inefficient them- selves, they present the appearance of respectable school provision in their own localities, which, in truih, has no reality, and thus serve as excuses for inaction in supplying truly efficient schools. The Commissioners recommence, therefore, ex- tensive reforms in the old Endowed Schools through- oat the land, wilh the supplement of new schools where the sources of these are inadequate, and to meet the whole difficulty of perverse or impotent legal interpretations and decisions, they advise specific and comprehensive legislation. All En- dowed Schools, they think, should be placed under the control of the Charity Commissioners, and each registration district in the kingdom should have an Educational Board, consisting of a Head Commis- sioner and a number of Assistant Commissioners, to superintend the Middle-class Education of the district. All schools, whether endowed property or otherwise, should be classed according to their standing in one of the three sections or grades of schools—the first, and highest to give classical and general preparation for University life, the second to be suited for boys whose school life must cease at sixteen, and the third for boys whose schooling must terminate at fourteen. Every town of 20,000 inhabitants should possess a school of the first grade, every town of 5,000 a school of the second grade, and every parish a school of the third grade! Where existing endowments are insufficient for their establishment power should be given to levy rates for the purpose. In one way or another the whole country should be supplied with the machi- nery of Middle-class Education, well distributed, as it is already almost adequately supplied with money means for its sustenance for all ages to come. But I must not tire the reader, nor trench further on your valuable space. I am, yours truly, 3, Craven-street, W.C., THOS. NICHOLAS. London, March 10th, 1868.
t THE WATER QUESTION, &c. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABERYSTWYTH OBSERVER. Dear Mr Editor,—Now the great cataracts seem to be more quiet just yet, I guess the drum" will be up again, ere many days are gone by, to warn and remind the deep and óÍ1éiS Of" danger1 ahead," wltn roaring monsters ashore." However, to busi- ness. Why cannot the narrow gorges be banked up. so as to form reservoirs of the streams, the width and height of an embankment jUq below the bridge of the Aberllolwyn river; and that of Cwmedwig, Bryneithyn, and PistyHgwyn, would form large pools of the natural valleys; the only expense would be trifling, by merely open drains for conducting the waters, similar to that used for the huge water wheels of the miners. Not being scientific in the foregoing, yet I venture to enquire if the water through open drains would not be pure enough for almost all purposes, not excepting even Toddy Punch, or Souchong, &c. I have the honour to submit my plan for your consideration and publica- tion, if you approve of the same, although much the matter may have been so ably handled and Hacknied by the wise men of the west, yet I advise the water doctors to lose no time, for fear their good ship Aberystwyth be not left high and dry" in the coming summer, and so lose all her passengers. I avail myself of your type also to enquire of our Collossus of Rhodes" why he allows the impurities to disfigure and befoul his range of Queen's highway to adorn the road side with filthy dunghill, &c.,and infringe the laws by the above-named nuisances ot all sizes and suffocating odours. The Chef du Chemin's'" duty is to look to this, and not leave it to your very obedient servant, W. E- R., who does not relish being Tom Turdsman gratis. The stones put on the roads will not go through the proper mesh or gauge, according to the law, which I have tried. Coi-ossus OF RHODES, Chef du Chemin.
THE CARDIGANSHIRE ASSIZES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABERYSTWYTH OBSERVER. Sir,—Since I last had the pleasure of addressing yon on this subject I have learned with much satis- faction that the opposition to the raising Aberyst- wyth into the dignity of an assize town is not near so widespread in Cardiganshire as I had imagined it to be. With regard to Aberayron there seems to be no objection to the claims of your town provided the Quarter Sessions are continued to be held there and the wiseacres who formed themselves into a de- putation, and went to Cardigan to protest against the removal of the assixes, had, it appears, quite as much right to speak on behalf of the inhabitants of their town generally as the three tailors of Tooley- street had when they commenced their manifests in the name of the people of England." I should say that if the Aberayron people consulted their own in- terests they would side rather with Aberystwyth than Cardigan, for in the event of the former town succeeding in spite of Aberayron, the latter need not be much surprised if they lose the quarter ses- sions altogether. Then as regards Cardigan I un- dersUim' that, though repugnant to part with their ancient priviltge, not a few of the inhabitants begin to see that it would be far better to concede the pri- vilege of one assize to Aberystwyth than to blindly resist every innovation at the risk of losing all the privileges which they have so long enjoyed. As for Lampeter, I am utterly at a loss to understand on what ground, excepting that of its quasi central posi- tion, it can enter the field at all against its more formidable rival, Aberystwyth. In my former letter I dwelt on the subject of the population of the county as an argument in favour of the superior claims of Aberystwyth I now come to the second point—"The character of that popu- lation." In purely agricultural districts, such as Lampeter, few cases arise demanding the solemn investigations of judges of assize whilst on the other hand a po- pulation engaged in manufacturing, commercial, or mining pursuits, naturally give an amount of busi- ness proportionate to the extent in which they are thus engaged. It was on these grounds that assizes have been given to Manchester, Newcastle-on-1 yne, and other large towns, in preference to smaller places that were more central, and it is on these grounds that Cardigan must ultimately succumb to Aberystwyth. The former has no mining popula- tion whilst the latter is the port of embarkation for mineral produce in a tract of country which has been hitherto worked under disadvantages, but which, by the opening of railway accommodation, will doubtless be developed in an extraordinery de- gree If we wish to ascertain the activity of a peo- ple, we naturally look to the exports and imports from their various seaport towns and if I can show that in this respect also Aberystwyth has the prior claim over Cardigan, as to the energetic and enter- prising character of the population in the vicinity, so much the more reason why the judges o assize should periodically visit the immediate locality of the former to transact the civil and criminal business which naturally arises from that activity ot com- merce. d' In 1821 the population of Cardigan was estimated at 3120, and of Aberystwyth at ot>Jo. Now we shall see how the trade of each locality has been developed by the respective populations. Ihe gross amount ol customs duty received at the port of Aberystwyth in ] 8;j9 was 142/. in 186;) it had reached (!5:X.; in Car- digan in 1859 the duty received was 57 L, which, in 180.3, decreased" to .M. During the interval between 18/>!» and 1803 the declared real value of the total ex- ports," of produce from Aberystwyth was 1:;78< in Cardigan the return was Nil." In 1863 the num- ber of sailing vessels which entered Aberystwyth j trom the Rritish Colonies and foreign countries was in the proportion of 5 to 1 as compared with Cardi- gan. Indeed, in that year, not a single vessel entered Cardigan from any foreign port whatever, and not a single vessel cleared the port for the colonies or abroad. In Abprystwyth, on the contrary, thirteen sailing vessels so cleared. In the ten years from 1862 to 1803 the number of registered vessels be- longing to Aberystwyth had increased from 239 to 81, the tonnage also having increased from 15,218 to 3.J,2G8. In the same interval three steam vessels were registered as belonging to the port. In Cardi- gan, in the same interval, the number of sailing ves- sels had decreased from 226 vessels to 167 the ton- nage proportionately decreasing from 12 812 to 10,193. Again, in the same period, the tonnage of British and foreign vessels entered coastwise at Ab- erystwyth had increased from 18,859 tons to 23,310; whilst 111 Cardigan the increase was from 13,783 to 13,955. Including steamers, the tonnage of ships entered coastwise with cargoes only was, in 1863, as follows .-—Aberystwyth, 34,185 tons Cardigan, 13,955 tons. The number of vessels cleared coast- wise from Aberystwyth had increased in ten years (1852 to 1863) from 220 vessels to 383 the tonnage having also increased from 8747 tons to 22,124 tons. In Cardigan, in the same period, the number of such vessels had increased simply from 50 to 52 and the tonnage from 1519 to 1610 tons. To resume: the facts prove, whatever blue book we consult, that in material progress Aberystwyth has made rapid unmistakable strides, whilst Cardi- gan has scarcely been able to hold its own. The population of the borough of Aberystwyth alone has nearly" doubled" 1ll tllrty years, whilst in the Car- digan borough there are but 400 more inhabitants than there were in 1821. As to Lampeter, about whose claim so mucli fuss" is made, it has simply increased by the same number as Cardigan. In com- merce, the shipping of the two ports is the best, probably the only progress; and we find that whereas your town has increased its imports and exports some hundreds per cent. in order to meet the necessities of its increasing population, the town of Cardigan simp'y remains in statu quo ante. I leave these facts for the consideration of your readers. It matters not to me what deductions they draw therefrom, or what course of conduct they may pursue. They ought to be the best judges of their own interests. But to one who looks impar- tially at the matter it docs seem passing strange that the inhabitants of the northern and central divisions of Cardiganshire should be content to put up with the anomaly of a double assize at Cardigan, and for no other reason than that such has been the case for four hundred years. Sir, we live now in an age in which the legacies and bequests and institutions of our forefathers are made conformable to modern ideas and modern necessities. The migration of population and the development of industrial pur- suits have made prosperous towns in the ninteenth century of what were mere villages in the fourteenth; and such is the case with Aberystwyth. It has within it all the appliances fur the holding of Her Majesty's Courts of Assize, and it has also an acces- sibility from nearly the whole country, which no other town of its pretensions can boast. This subject of" accessibility" forms the third ar- gument in my contribitution. The railway com- munication which Aberystwyth possesses will be a means of lessening the costs of legal proceeding, should it become an assize town, and also save men of buÛness much inconvenience and loss of time, Instead of farmers, shopkeepers, and others kick- ing their heels" in a dull assize town. waiting for a case that is to come on the next day or the day after, these men. by means of a proper railway ac- commodation, can leave their homes in the morning, attend the trial, and probably get home again the same night. I do not say that all parts of the county can be so benefited by the existing railway arrangements, but assuredly the most important por- tions of the county will gain that advantage. By the aid of telegraphic communication an important witness could be sent for even during the progress of the trial, instead of the dread alternative of the case standing over till the next assizes. These are, I think, the principal reasons why Aberystwyth should dispute the supremacy with Cardigan. I am not prepared to say what portions of prisoners tried at the assises are apprehended in the various districts, but this I do know from statis- tical tables, that out of every hundred persons committed to prison in Cardiganshire, nearly two- thirds are natives of England, Ireland, Scotland, and foreign countries. These men are to be found haunting populous as well as non-populous neigh- bourhoods, and if a gaol suitable for the require- ments of the whole county is to be built, its erection must either be in the most densely crowded part of the shire, or else in a district easily accessible from all parts. One word before concluding. The Royal Com- mission of 1845, consisting of such men as Parke, Alderson, and Coleridge, reported that they felt almost insurmountable difficulty in remodelling the Welsh circuits. These are their own words :— This (the remodelling) cannot be accomplished without a considerable expense in the erection of new courts, the enlargement of gaols, and the pre- paration of additional lodgings for the judges and unless it should be thought proper to provide for these in the first instance at the general expense of the whole kingdom, they will throw a heavy burthen on the Principality." If your tradesmen are wise, they will ponder over the words I have quoted, and see whether such recommendations can be carried out as far as Aberystwyth is concerned. Let the lord-lieutenant, the members of Parliament, the justices, the corporation,. the town council, the commissioners, the piofessional men, the men of commerce, and all to whom the prosperity of Aber- ystwyth is dear, petition the Privy Council, and show that they are prepared to do all that was thought necessary in 1845, but which has become tenfold more imperative now, viz., the remodelling of the circuit, as far as Cardiganshire is concerned. In your petition to the Queen in Council do not forget to state that you have "a new court," suffi- cient for all the purposes of assize that" consider- able expense being about to be entered into in the erection of a new gaol," you are prepared to give a site for the establishment without any expense to the county that "accommodation" may be had in Aberystwyth not only for the judge, but for the bar, the witnesses, and all concerned in the administra- tion of justice, and that you can furnish these with- out falling upon "the general expense of the king- dom," and even without throwing any burden "on the Principality itself." In fact, prove that you have done all that Her Majesty's Commissioners thought necessary in 1845, and if in 1868 you do not" com- mand "success, you will have proved to the world that you have deserved it. Yours faithfully, LEX. The Temple, March 10th, 1868.
THE VALE OF AYRON FOXHOUNDS (Capt. Vaughan's) WILL MEET ON Saturday, 14th March The Kennels AT 10 30. O'CLOCK.
13irtf)ø. On the 6th inst., the wife of the Rev. E. Owen Phillips, M.A., Vicar of the Parisk Church, Aber- ystwyth, of a son. On the 11th inst., the wife of Mr Pry9e Lloyd, Mariner, of this town, of a daughter. On the 12'h inst., the wife of Mr D. H. Evans, Registrar of births and deaths, in this town, of a son. ftlarriage. On the 11th inst., at the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Queen-street, Aberystwyth, before the Re- gistrar, by the Rev R. Jones, (c.) Thomas, second son of Mr Thomas Collins, Lisburne House, Terrace Road, to Elizabeth, second daughter of Capt. Thomas Jones, Laura Place, both of this town. Oeattis. On the 11th inst., ag-ed 22 years. Mary, wife of Mr David Bowen, Mariner, Moor-street, in this town. On the 12tb inst., aged 47 years, Capt. Richard Doughton, of the schooner Eleanor, of this port.