ILocal information. rOOR LAW GUARDIANS, ABERYSTWYTH. Monday, February 25th, 1867. The fortnightly meeting of the Poor Law Guard- ians was held in the board room of the union workhouse the guardians present were G. W. Parry, Esq., chairman, John Hughes, Esq., vice- chairman, Messrs. John Jones (Commerce House), Richard Morris,5|Daniel Thomas, Lewis Jones, Richard Jenkins, John Richards, William James, Rowland Rowlands, John Morgan, D. J. Davies, William Jones, Evan Herbert, Edward Edwards, L John Morgan, and James Jones. Dr. Roberts and Dr.. James were also in atten- dance. IfcMr. Hugh Hughes having read the minntes'of the previous'meeting the ordinary; business ùtï the day was proceeded with. Mary Williams, 42 years of age, living in Bonsall's Row, and having three children—one of which was unwell, Allowed Is. extra. John Edwards, 66 years of age, living in Sheldon Court, suffering from asthma and rheumatism, applied for relief. Allowed 2s. 6d. a week for a month. Mary Dowton, 71 years of age, living in Bridge- street, a nurse, disabled, applied for extra relief. Allowed Gd. extra. David Morgan, 48 years, with wife and four children. The-wife applied for relief in the way of a loan, the husband having just gone to sea. Relieving Officer stated that the captain's wife refused to advance money. They are very poor. Mr. Hughes said they could not give relief by way of loan. Application withdrawn. Rowland Davies, 60 years of age, of Llanbadarn- lower, a labourer, applied for extra relief. Mr. Hughes objected. He was quite well, and breaking stones. Application refused. Edward Whittington, 46 years of age, giving at Llanbadarn, Relief stopped, he being at work. John Edwards, with wife and two children, suffer- ing from a bad hand, Allowed 2s. a week for a fortnight. Mary Anne Lecher, late an inmate. Relieving Officer had given her 7s. in cash, Confirmed. Sarah Evans applied for a pair of shoes: Order mada for 7 s. 6d. ? Mary Matthias, 88 years of age, living in Chaly- beate Terrace, having 4s. a week, applied for allowance for a nurse. Allowed 1 s. for a nurse. Margaret^Collins, 74 years of age, living at Borth, applied for a pair of shoes and blanket. Mr. Hughes thought clogs better than shoes. Relieving Officer .said ;she would tumble down with clogs. Mr. Hughes: Nonsense. Allowed 12s. for shoes and blanket.
PETTY SESSIONS, ABERYSTWYTH. Tuesday, 2Qth Fe6ráaii1861-: -1 Before Richard Roberts, Esq., May,or, and Tho- mas Jones, Esq. DESEBTER. t, J ohn Jbnes was brought up in custody, charged with having deserted from the Royal Cardigan Militia. Sergeant-major Keily sworn: Witness provedi by the attestation that the prisoner joined the regiment on the 29th April, 1864, and absented himself from the trainibg of 1866. Witness apprehended the prisoner on last Saturday evening; when he came to the Stores to report himself. The prisoner admitted the offence; but stated that he was not in England in April last, he being then in Buenos Ayres, for which place he sailed on the 20th of the previous month. He did not know when the militia was to meet. Serjeant-major Keily explained that at the con- clusion of each training a proclamation is read to the men from the Secretary of State for War, in- forming them that the regiment would meet about that time the following year. Fined £ 2 The fine was immediately paid. ASSAULT. Ellen Jenkins v. Margaret Hughes. Ellen Jenkins sworn: On the 25th instant, com- plainant was at her own door in Portland Lane, when the defendant,threw some dirt against the door. Witness then threw it back, whereon the defendant assaulted her. The case turned out to be nothing more than an ordinary female squabble; and from the statements made it appeared that of the two parties the defen- dant had the more reason to complain. Case dismissed. DBUNK AND RIOTOUS. Adam Sims was brought up, charged with the above offences. P. C. Evans sworn: On Wednesday last, about 12 o'clock, witness was on duty in Great Dark-gate Street. Heard a row near the Lion. On going there found the defendant Sims and James Hoggin fighting. They were both drunk Told them to go home; and they went down Bridge Street, and com- menced fighting again. Hoggin had left the town before witness was able to serve him" ith a sum- mons. Sergeant Thomas stated that the defendant had not been up before on any similar charge. Fined is. and costs.
+ COUNTY COURT, ABERYSTWYTH. Wednesday, February 27th, 1867. Before Arthur J. Johns, Esq., Judge. His honour took his seat on the bench shortly after 10 o'clock. The early part of the day was ocoupied in hearing undisputed cases. Morgan Arthur v. John Rowland. Mr. J. M. Davies was counsel for the plaintiff. Mr. Atwood appeared for the defendant. Mr. Davies asked for permission to amend the date of the bill of particulars. Mr. Atwood objected; as they were going to prove an alibi on the 9th. b Mr. Davies then opened the case at length for the plaintiff. Morgan Arthur, sworn: The evideuce being given in Welsh was unintelligable to our reporter. Judgment deferred. Herbert v. Ponton. Mr. Atwood appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. F. W. Ponton, of Ellesmere, appeared for the de- fendant. Evan Herbert, sworn, examined by Mr. Atwood Witness' mother lives at Llanbadarn, but I am the carrier. Witness was carrying for his mother. Carried from the Bronygof brick-works. Carried bricks, and coal, and sand from the river. Carried as long as Mr. Ponton worked the Works. Sister keeps the books of the witness' mother. Mr. Atwood proposed that certain letters should be put in. Mr. Ponton objected because he had not got notice to admit letters. The Judge This is a mere quibble. Mr. Ponton I am doing so for my client, who is not present. The Judge Then I overrule all your objections. I will not hear another word on the subject. I never heard such an absurd plea put forward by a professional man. Mr. Ponton to Mr. Atwood There is no use in your getting a judgment, because there is a bill of sale. He would now admit the debt. The Judge Then these are mere quibbles you have raised. Mr. Ponton: On the part of my client. Mr. Atwood: I must ask your Honour for imme- diate execution. Mr. Ponton (to Mr. Atwood) It will be no usjs your sending down an execution. Mr. Atwood I don't pretend to know what may be useful but I shall proceed on his Honour's decision. Judgment for the plaintiff, with order for imme- diate execution. Thomas Williams v. Thomas W. Chester. Mr. Ponton appeared for the plaintiff. Mr. Hugh Hughes for the defendant. Mr. Ponton explained that this was an action to recover £1558. lud. for work done for the defendant, and materials supplied. The particulars of the claim were put in. Mr. Hugh Hughes said they knew nothing of the plaintiff, and had never heard of him. Philip Gornall sworn: Witness is agent to Thomas Williams. Recollects that Williams' men coloured a ceiling at a chapel. The job was to be finished by witness for Thomas Williams. Previous to October, 12 months, asked Mr. Chester for the work. Witness having got into difficulties Thomas Williams took up the business for him, and witness superintended the work for him. Cross-examined by Mr. Hughes: Thomas Williams is a son-in-law of witness. Called him Thomas Williams because his name is not John. (Laughter.) After witness got the work he executed a deed of assignment, and presented a petition in Bankruptcy. Left plenty of money to pay every one. The work was commenced but not finished before he failed. Tried to become a bankrupt Never went away from here, nor does he intend to go. Thomas William Chester sworn: In October, 1865, Gornall came to witness and asked him for certain work in the chapel. Witness stated the prices at which it was agreed the work was to be done. The work was left unfinished because Gornall did aaot pay his men and witness was obliged to employ other men to do it. Thomas Williams came to him on one occasion and asked him the price of certain lead which bad been supplied. Gornall himself then came up the ladder and told witness not to pay him a farthing of his money. There had been a sham sale of Gornall's goods to this Williams. Judgment for the defendant with costs. P. Gornall: Then a man might as well commit murder as anything else. (Laughter.) The Registrar: Silence. P. Gornall (going): You're all a d ■ d pack of robbers. (Laugher.) His Honour If you talk that way I shall commit you. Mr. Gornall was understood by those close to him to express his indifference on the subject, but became ultimately pacified. Verdict for the defendant. John Parry v. Edmund Duke. Mr. Hugh Hughes appeared for the plain tin, and Mr. Frederick Roberts for the defendant. His Honour recounted at considerable length the history of a case precisely similar to that now brought before the court. His Honour stated the facts as given in evidence, according to his recollec- tion and his opinion of the law affecting the question at issue. Mr. Hugh Hughes gave an account of the trial heard by Mr. Humphreys, the Deputy-judge of the last court. Mr. F. R. Roberts then addressed the court in a singularly able and effective speech. The learned advocate was not only eloquent in his lucid state- ment, but also pungently caustic and telling in his remarks. Mr. Hugh Hughes replied, and a long argument ensued, not only on law points, but as to facts. Verdict deferred. Thomas Williams v. Thomas Christmas Nurse. Thomas Williams sworn Defendant sent a girl to witness' house for the loan of an axeu She was his daughter. The wife of witness told her to go to Thomas Morgan's house for the axe, and she went there and got it. Anne Morgan wanted the loan of the axe, and she sent her to the defendant's house. Defendant refused to give it up. The defendant stated that the axe in question was his property it had been lost or stolen from the Ynyslas station. Witness has been assisting at the refreshment room, Ynyslas. Bought the axe at Oswestry, four years ago. Thomas Morgan sworn Witness had the loan of an axe from plaintiff about a year ago. There was no mark on it. Some other witnesses were examined to the same effect. In compliance with the Judge's desire the axe in question was produced in court. It was by no means a valuable looking implement—certainly not of a value to excuse dragging some dozen witnesses into a law court. Judgment for the plaintiff. Wednesday, 28th Feb., 1867. His Honour took his seat on the bench about half past ten o'clock. The ealier part of the day was occupied in hearing a number of undisputed cases. Joel Morgan v. Morgan Evans. Mr. Hugh Hughes appeared for the plaintiff. Mr. Atwood for the defendant. This was an action brought for £1 8s. balance said to be due on a bill. The defence was a set off, and overcharched in bill. Joel Morgan sworn Witness sold wheat to the defendant in January, 1866, at 7s. a bushel. Sent bill to the defendant charging at that rate He came and paid £6 and jEl on account, and did not say a word about overcharging. Did not sell any of that wheat to anyone less than 7s. Cross-examined by Mr. Atwood. Told defendant the price was to be 7s., and that that was the market price. He did not agree with witness for 6s. 9d. a bushel. There was no price mentioned but 7s. Did not sell the following market day at 6s. 9d. He did not object when he paid the £6 and £1 to the price of 7s. He said witness must have a receipt fully. Re-examined by Mr. Hughes First heard of his disputing the price when witness refused to sign a paper for him to get a public house. Witness con- sidered there were too many public houses on the road already. The Judge: You could not have too much of a good thing (laughter). To Mr. Atwood: The defendant has had a dispute with witness before, when he endeavoured to charge him twice over. Morgan Evans sworn, and cross-examined by Mr. Atwood: On January, 1866, bought wheat from the defen- dant at 6s. 9d. a bushel. He sent it to the mill on this offer. Afterwards gave him :£6, and witness then told him the bill was wrong that it ought to be 6s. 9d. instead of 7s.; and told plaintiff he would never pay him but at the former rate. He came to witness' house one night, looking very wild, for Richard Edwards' money. And the day he came, witness told him he would not give him more than 22s. 6d deducting from that a bill due to witness. Made a tender of the money. Cross-examined by Mr. Hughes: Witness got a receipt when he paid the £6, and it was entered on the bill which he furnished. Pays him a great deal of money in the year. Anne Evans sworn, and examined by Mr. Atwood: Corroborated the evidence of the last witnesss— her husband. Judgment for the plaintiff. Cambrian Railway Co. v. The Aberystwyth Foundry Co. Mr. Gowen Clarke represented the plaintiffs. Mr. Atwood appeared for the defendants. The dispute was not that the goods were not de- livered and the charges proper but at the time this debt was contracted, Mr. Savin was the lessee of the line and he was indebted hundreds of pounds to the Foundry. It was only down to that time that the charges were objected to; that is, down to January, 1866. Mr. Clarke could not admit that Mr. Savin was lessee of the line, as he did not know such to be the fact. Mr. Atwood You can't deny that he worked the line for his own benefit up to February, 1866. Mr. Clarke was not prepared to dispute it. His Honour held that the defence was a good one, and consequently^e should give Judgment for the plaintiff, deducting the amount objected to by the defendants.
+ POPULAR READINGS. In consequence of Ash Wednesday falling in the next week, it has been resolved by the committee that the eighth of the present series of the above entertainments be postponed a week. The next Popular Readings meeting will, therefore, be held on the 13th inst. Every effort is being made to pro- vide an attractive programme for the occasion.
LAMPETER. PETTY SESSIONS. — These sessions were held on the 26th ult., before the Very Rev. Dr. Lewellin, and T. J. Hughes, Esq., Castelldu. LARCENY. Griffith Jenkins, a lad, fourteen years of age, was charged with having broken into the railway station office, at Lampeter, on the 18th ult. Llewellyn Vaughan Lloyd deposed: I am eta- tion o aster at Latnpeter, on the Manchester and Milford Railway. Previous to the 18th inst, namely, on the 16th, (lost ll. 9s. from the booking office. In consequence I placed James Lewis, who was act- ing porter at the station, to watch the booking office, on the evening of the 18th, when the 5.45 p.m. train arrived from Strata Florida.. I saw the prisoner on the platform near the station. After the train left I wen t towards the town, leaving in the booking office in a drawer three shillings, ten sixpenny pieces, and one shilling and sixpence in copper. I bad not gone far before James Lewis called after me, when I returned to the station, and found the pri- soner in James Lewis' custody. After I returned I found the 9i. 3d., left in the drawer, had been taken away—the money belonging to the Manchester and Milford Railway Company. James Lewis deposed: On the 18th inst., I was the acting porter at the Lampeter railway station. I was at the station when the 5.45 train from Strata Florida arrived. On the train leaving the station, Mr. Lloyd, the station master, instructed me to re- main in the ladies' waiting room, and watch until he returned from the town. Mr. Ltoyd then left the station. 1 then went into the ladies' waiting room, and heard some one pushing up the ticket window of the booking office. I afterwards heard somebody handling the money in the office, which was about five yards off. I then left the room, and saw the prisoner in the ticket window, and in the act of taking his hand out of the drawer in which the station master kept his money, and put it in his pocket. Prisoner took out of his pocket one shil- ling and three pence in copper, and threw the coins down. I afterwards called Mr. Lloyd, who was on the road to the town. When Mr. Lloyd returned, the prisoner placed back in the drawer eight shil- lings in silver. I reckoned the money in prisoner's hand before he placed it in the drawer. The pri- soner was then put in charge of the police constable. P. C. Thomas Thomas deposed On the 18th instant I received information that the prisoner had stolen some money from the booking office at the Lampeter railway station. I went to the station, and found the prisoner in the booking office, with the two last witnesses. Mr. Lloyd, the station mas- ter, informed me that the prisoner had stolen 9s. 3d. f oin a drawer in the booking office. The coins at- leged to have been stolen were in a drawer in the booking office; and the amount was afterwards handed over to me, and I took the prisoner into custody. I now produce the money. I searched the prisoner, and found in his possession the chistle and hammer which I now also produce. The pri- soner, on being asked in the usual way, elected to be dealt with summarily amd he was sentenced to he imprisoued for twenty-one days and at the ex- piration of that term to be sent to a Reformatory school.
TREGARON. PETTY SESSIONS—These sessions were held on the 26th ult., ut the Talbot Hotel, before the Rev. John Hughes, and William Jones, Esq. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. Sergeant Lyons charged David Evans, of Fenders Iwyn-goch, Gw- nws, a railway ganger, with having been drunk and disorderly at Tregaron, on the 29th of January last. Fined 7s. 6d., including costs. ASSAULT.—Ann Rowlands, of Penycefn, Caron- Is-Clawdd, was charged by Margaret Davies, of the same place, with having ou the 2nd ult. assaulted her. Dismissed, complainant to pay 10s. costs. COMMITTING DAMAGES.—Rees Rees,MaryJames, Jane Davies, and Mary Davies, all of Pontrhydfen- digaid, were charged by Col. Powell, of Nanteos, upon the information of David and William Davies, gamekeepers, with having, on the 31st of January last, maliciously cut a quantity of underwood at Mynachlog, the property of complainant. The three first-named defendants were fined 6s. costs each. The charge against Mary Davies was dismissed. NON-PAYMENT OF UNION CONTRIBUTIONS.—Mr. David Williams, treasurer to the Tregaron Poor Law Union, charged the overseers of the poor of two parishes within the Union with non-payment of their contributions towards the relief of thtj poor of their respective parishes. Defendants were al- lowed time to pay the rate, with costs. There were six persons charged by the overseers of the poor of Caron-Is-Clawdd with non-payment of different sums towards the relief of the poor. Three distress warrants were ordered to be issued against three of the defendants, to be executed, in 14 days in the event of the parties not then paying the rates, with 10s. 6d. costs each. AFFILIATION.—Two affiliation cases were heard, and orders granted to applicants.
MID-WALES RAILWAY. The half yearly meeting of this Company was held at the offices, Ethelburga House, Bishopsgate, on Tuesday last. Mr. Whalley, M.P. (the Chairman), in moving the adoption of the report, said that, although the traffic receipts were hardly what might have been desired, the fact that there was an increase of JE.2,548 over the previous half-year should be taken as an indication of the satisfactory position of the Company. Con- sidering the commercial depression of the past year, the present report was submitted with more satis- faction than usual, although no dividend was offered. The Mid-Wales was almost the only new Welsh railway that had not been taken out of the hands of its own Board. As the Company had obtained par- liamentary powers to reach the vast mineral traffic of South Wales, there was nothing to prevent a pro- gressive increase of traffic in the future. The hon. Chairman then announcedi his intention not to offer himself again for re-election as Director and Chair- man, having, with the exception of the interval from 1858 to 1861, been connected with the line. He now took his leave, stating that it was not because of the deficiency of district that enormous losses had been sustained by the Welsh railways, but solely on ac- count of the parliamentary system under which they were constructed. Some questions were asked and answered respect- ing the remuneration and expenses of directors, and the salary of JE2,000 a year paid to the manager (Mr. F. Broughton) having been described as too large. The Chairman said that although the manager's services were worth that amount to the Company, the salary might be inordinate considering the present position of the Company, although it was absolutely essential that Mr. Broughton should be engaged to represent the Mid-Wales interests during the many negotiations they had to make. Mr. Broughton himself intimated that if the Board expressed a wish to cancel the agreement they made with him, he would take the first convenient opportunity of re- lieving the Board of what they might consider a burdensome charge. The report was ultimately adopted. Mr. John Borradaile was elected director in the place of Mr. Whalley and Messrs. E. Parker and S. H. Burbury were re-elected directors and Mr. C. Chandler was re-appointed auditor. On the motion of Mr. Wildy a special vote of thanks was passed to the chairman for his long and able services on behalf of the company. The usual vote of thanks was also given to the Board, and the proceedings terminated.—Os. Jid.
THE WELSH UNIVERSITY MOVEMENT. A public meeting to advocate the establishment in Wales of such means of high-class education as exist in all other countries," was held in the As- sembly Room, Town Hall, Ruthin, last week. J. Jenkins, Esq., mayor, presided, supported by the following gentlemen :—James Morice, R. G. Ellis, R. Edwards, W. Lloyd, E. H. Edwards, J. R. Jen- kins, M.D., Esqrs., Revds. J. Foulkes, E. Jones, J, S. Hill, W. Evans, and J. Davies. The chairman, in opening the meeting, said .some short time ago he was requested by several of his townspeople and friends to preside on that occasion, and he need hardly tell them that he did so with a very great deal of pleasure, although it would have been to him a much greater source of pleasure had the room been crowded as they had seen it before then. With reference to the subject before them, he really would not express an opinion further than that he believed everything connected with it would tend towards good and so long as they had gentle- men on that platform who were prepared and wil- ling to address them, he would give them the oppor- tunity of doing so. He had now much pleasure in introducing Dr. Nicholas, of London, the secretary of the movement, to the meeting, who no doubt would give a very great deal of information, and which would, he was sure, be very well received by them all. (Applause.) Dr. Nicholas, having invited the friends who were near the door to come forward to the front seats said be much liked to make their meetings familiar, almost conversational and simple. He would like very much to bring home to every man present, shortly, clearly, and in a convincing way, the ob- jects they had in view. They were working for the good of the country in the direction of intelligence, which was allowed to be a very important element in the promotion of virtue, and could not be opposed to religion. Public intelligence. could not be op- posed to any church or denomination. He thought, therefore, there was, in an effort to promote educa. tion in the country, nothing whatsoever which any religious man, be he what creed he might, could ob- ject to. He thought, moreover, that when the effort was to promote the education of the people of Wales, every man who loved his country, who loved public virtue, who loved the welfare of society, ought to come forward and help this movement, and which he thought every one presentwould agree in. (Ap- plause.) No one objected to education now. There was a time, unquestionably, when there were men found, religious men also, who objected to the edu- cation of the people they thought it was a danger- ous thing to let the people know too much they found it convenient to keep the masses in their own hands, under their protection, under their priestly or intellectual power; and they were glad to keep the millions, as was said, in a state of mental if not of social vassalage, because it gave them power-a thing that was very much liked by human nature. But that bad gone by. We found now in all parts of the United Kingdom as they found on the conti- nent of Europe, a very powerful desire to promote universal education of the people, not only of the masses, but of the middle and higher classes of the community. There was not a kingdom on the con- tinent of Europe—he did not know of any country in Europe except one, where there were no high- class institutions for the education of the higher classes and the higher middle classes. There was, as he had said, one country, to which he would refer by-and-bye. But if they went to the catholic countries of Europe, they would find in every one of them that they had institutions for the highest edu- cation of the people. France had thirty, Germany some twenty-four, and Italy some sixteen universi- ties, and he believed that that was the great power at the basis of society in Italy which had brought about the great changes which had passed over the people of that country within the last seven years. If they went to the smaller states of Germany they found the same, and they all knew that the German people had distinguished themselves above all peo- ple in Europe in matters intellectual and in matters of learning. It was very true they had been very much given to theory, to wild and unsound specula- tion; but with all that there had been a vast deal of sound thinking and sober reasoning amongst the German people. Then in England, for six hundred years, more or less, the English people have been in possession of Oxford and Cambridge as seats o learning. No man knew when Oxford was first originated. There was a time when 30,000 students attended the classes there; that would be more than ten times the number attending there now. Scot- land has five universities, where there aie as many as 4,000 young men under constant training, and they said that they were astonished with Scotchmen making their way in the world! He thought that once he mentioned to them that the Scotch people provided the highest education for 4,000 of their young men there was no mystery in the matter. Well, there was Ireland. There were many things about Ireland which we do not approve of. Its peo- ple gave us an immense deal of trouble, while they were very noble and very generous in other respects, but that was not the question just then. What he wished to point to was that in Ireland there are two great universities, and the very best and most effec- tive education given. There was the university of Dublin with some 1,500 or 1,800 students, then there was the great university which the government of England had set up in that country with three great colleges, erected by the government of this country at a cost of £100,000, and supported now by an annual grant of some £21,000 a-year; and in addi- tion to that they had the college of Maynooth, sup- ported by about £30,000 of English money, for the training of Catholic priests; and in further addition they had the Royal Institution of Belfast, the Royal School of Dublin, the Royal Institution, and mili- tary and other schools of various kinds in different towns and cities of Ireland, which cost the English people upwards of jE300,000 a-year. These things are done for Ireland The colonies also were well provided; but he wished to point to the one country, under the domination of Queen Victoria, where there is not a single college for the education of the middle and the higher classes of the people, and the people of that country are the most ancient of any portion of the subjects of her Majesty. That country is inhabited by the most hearty, most devoted, most affectionately loyal subjects of the Queen of England. (Applause.) He wanted to tell them that that coun- try is equal to any portion of the three kingdoms in morals, in social quietude,Hn industry, and religion. (Applause.) And yet this country has not a single college worthy the name of |aJcollege!! 3.Was that a right thing? Was it in harmony with our own self- respect that we should be the only people on the face of Europe without a single college worthy the name of; high-class? Have we no brains to be taught? (Applause.) Have we no young men in this :country that require education? (Applause.) Have we not taste for intellectual pursuits? (Ap- plause.) Is there not a spirit abroad amongst the Welshjeople which craves for knowledge? (Ap- plause.) Yes," the Welsh people fare Jequal to any people, whether under the dominion of Queen Victoria or any other ruler, and have equal desire to obtain tknowledge and capacity)) to acquire it. (Applause.) And yet our young Welshmen have no means of being educated! Well, fprobably he was met in some minds with the objection, "surely there were means to send our young men to England to be educated. There are better schools in England than Wales." We know!that too weILl §There"are plenty of schools and colleges in England, and we are very glad to find that they are in England but would they say send the young men of Wales to England for employment ? Would they tell them to send to England for newspapers, for churches, and chapejs? Did they say that ? No but in this one sp cine and most important item of the intellect, of the education of the mind, of the preparation of our young men to enter upon the higher duties of life, they said send them to England, lie asked why not send them to Wales. Oh, his blood turned within when he thought of theftime when this old country was the foremost in Europe for learning. He thought with pride of our old Welsh Christians, the earliest Christians in Britain, who along with their churches built their monastic colleges, &c., who no sooner did they commence to train the people in Christian knowledge, but they commenced to train them also in secular knowledge, and he pointed to the sites of many old walls throughout Wales, within which the highest education was given, not only to the young men of Wales, butjalso to the young men of neigh- bouring countries that flocked to them. He thought he had gone as far in that direction as perhaps was necessary to tell what they wished now to do. They wished to combine all good men of all denominations and churches in one grand movement for the promo- tion of this great object,—to secure for the young men of Wales the very best education that can be given (applause). They wished to make this move- ment as undenominational as possible. Most unfor- tunately, in his humble opinion, we have got to such a pitch in matters in Wales that very few things can be done except through the different denominations, the different sects, and the different churches in the country. The life of Wales seems to have been absorbed in the channels of sects. Now, in the interests of humanity, he protested against our want- ing that sort of thing in connection with education. They wanted all good men of Wales, be they Dis- senters, or be they Churchmen, or be they of any church whatsoever, to put their hands together, and to help them forward in this movement for the institution of university education in the country (applause). As yet, they had not fixed, for very good reasons, upon the exact spots where they wished to erect one or two colleges in the Princi- pality where the best education, according to modern ideas of intellectual culture, shall be given. These colleges would be open to young men of all denomi- nations on equal terms, no distinction whatsoever to be made between a Churchman and & Dissenter. The fountain of knowledge would be freely opened to them, and they would be encouraged to drink to the full. The kind of education to be given would be the best education in classics, mathematics, in history ancient and modern, in the natural sciences, w hich, by the way, have a very direct bearing upon Wales, and therefore, they would pay especial attention to chemistry, geology> juineralogy, and also in the arts of metallurgy, and in whatsoever tended to train a young man, and fit him for entering upon the I higher duties of life- Having referred to the want of encouragement in Wales to young men to prepare for the liberal professions, Dr. Nicholas explained the proposed expense that would attend a collegiate I training at the proposed University for Wales First he asked with reference to the former objection how were young men to find money to go to Oxford when the expense was from JE120 to<E180ayear, and that year of only six months' duration. In Scotland young men could go through their univer- sity course at £30 a year, pa^ all charges, and maintaining themselves respectably in Ireland the same for jE35 a year and what they were going to give young Welshmen was something like that and he asked did they aim at anything that was unreasonable when they aimed at a university edu- cation in Wales at as cheap a rate as could be found in Scotland or Ireland. Next he addressed himself to the question how did they mean to do it: how to erect this great institution and carry it on ? They meant to collect money from the public, and would perhaps raise £50,000 by contributions to be paid in five ye irs. It was almost enough to make a man promise he would put his name down for so much per year. Gifts of land for the institution had been given already, the value of which amounted to £ 18,000. They have land in four different parts of Wales which he mentioned offered to them. Not more than a fortnight or three weeks ago a patriotic gentleman of South Wales in his wish to see the institution established placed at their disposal a castle with full leave to enter it whenever they pleased to commence operations (applause). He thought that gentleman, Dr. Nicholl Carne, Dim- lands Castle, Glamorganshire, was worthy of having his name mentioned with respect and affection (ap- plause). Then they wanted to ask the English government to do the same justice to the Principality of Wales which it had done to England, which it has done to Ireland in spite of its Fenianism and what not, for it sends £20,000 from the taxes of England for that purpose—taxes that we pay in Wales out of our hard earnings Those taxes are sent to educate the Irish and educate the Scotch, and much good might it do them but they wanted to ask for a portion of those taxes to be returned to Wales to educate the young men of the country (applause). Well, they would ask the government of England to look down towards this Principality, from which the chief of the royal princes derives his name. He did not know that the Prince of Wales had ever been here, but they hoped to see him here laying the foundation stone, or at the opening of the new university, and he would be truly called a Prince of Wales (applause). This was in brief their I case. He trusted he had been clear in what he had said, but if there was any question that any gentle- man wished to ask he would be very glad to answer it (applause). Rev. Mr Evans followed in Welsh, advocating the movement as well calculated to benefit the people of Wales. Mr. James Maurice was next invited to address the meeting, and was received with loud applause. He had not the slightest idea that he would have been called upon to speak, having attended from a wish to know something of the proposed University for Wales. He came also to do himself the honour of supporting their chief magistrate in the chair (applause). He thought that Dr. Nicholas had ably met that one objection to a local university, by show- ing the inability of the young man of Wales to incur the expense requisite to enable them to obtain in- struction out of the Principality (hear, hear). It was, he apprehended, proposed to establish an uni- versity here for those who had nut the means of entering the Universities of England or elsewhere and he trusted if such was established here in Walt s that it would be based on broad and liberal principles —that it would not be a sectarian institution approv- ing sectarian views, but be made open and wide for all who chose to enter and avail themselves of its high benefits (applause). There was a difficult question also connected with it;—man is a threefold creature, namely, he is an intellectual being, he is a moral being, and, he thanked God for it, he is a re- ligous being (applause)—and though you may in- struct his intellect and direct his moral course, you may not interfere with his religious belief(applause). lie hoped, however, when he made this observation that he would not be understood as advocating edu- cation alone, for what is man with all the intellect- ual and moral attributes you may give him unless he is a man under religious guidance (applause). Therefore it was he was anxious to know how it was proposed to deal with the question of religious in- struction amongst the numerous youths who would be assembled within the new institution ? It would indeed be a sorry thing- to see a community of young men brought together without there being a religious tone amongst them. But he supposed that must be sought outside of the walls of the university ? Dr. Nicholas recognised the great importance of the question, and said they would establish it on a perfectly unsectarian basis, and would do the best they could under the circumstances. The Scriptures would be read, and prayer daily offered up in which all could join. Mr. Edward Hugh Edwards next addressed the meeting on the subject, and expressed himself favour- able to an institution which would promote the edu- cation of the people on good and bcoad principles, such as had been contended for and supported by the eminent men of Wales from of old, and whose worth he eloquenty expatiated upon. Mr. Ellis begged to ask Dr. Nicholas how the society for the promotion of the Welsh University movement proposed to deal with the middle class education. He pointed out that the youth of this part of the country have no place to go to for a com- mercial education such as they certainly should have, and illustrated his remark by reference to the col- legiate institution at Liverpool for the education of the youth of the town, and where they were prepar- ed to enter its merchants' offices. Dr. Nicholas replied that they would give a good middle class education, but they could not undertake to establish middle class schools. Mr. Maurice thought Dr. Nicholas had not under- stood Mr. Ellis's question which he apprehended was whether the university of Wales would afford im- proved instruction and competition for that class of youth most likely to be engaged in commercial pur- suits ? Dr. Nicholas said they would do the best they could, but he was not in a position to undertake in the present state of things to say what would be done in that respect more than in any other. Other gentlemen offered some encouraging re- marks, and the meeting, which had increased con- siderably towards nine o'glock, appeared well dis- posed to further the movement, and cordially paid the customary votes of thanks at the close of the proceedings to Jr. Nicholas and the chairman.— Carnarvon t Denbigh Herald.
THE "DAILY TELEGRAPH" ON WELSH MORALITY. The following by no means flattering article ap- peared as a leader in the|London Daily Telegraph of last Wednesday:— Wales is commonly supposed to be one of the few remaining spots where Arcadian virtues are still to be found. True, like other primitive people, the Cymry have certain failings which are by no means of an Apostolic nature. Their modes of courtship are not believed to be altogether in accordance with the usages of modern civilisation. They are also addicted to Eisteddfods, and have Mormon procli- vities and they take pleasure in solos on the harp. Notwithstanding these and other defects, the Welsh have always had the repute of living a good deal better lives than their neighbours. Morality may not be their strong point; but they are great upon religion. They have more chapels, meeting-houses, conventicles they listen to more sermons they at- tend more religious classes, than any nation of their own size. It is therefore with extreme regret that we have to record a falling off in the land of the Prices, the Joneses, and the Griffithses. Within the Principalities the demon of gambling has set up his throne, and,las befits so pious a. Jregion, hej has ob- tained an entrance under the garb of religion. The devotional feelings of Welshmen have'been called in to stimulate tho passion for gaming which is inherent in the human race, and the green baize table has, metaphorically speaking, been erected within the walls of the chapel; advertisements of the prizes to be won by hazard are inserted between the leaves of 1 hymn-books and Bibles and exhortations to seek youi fortune in the dice-box are coupled with admo- nitions on the uncertainty of human life and the ne- cessity of preparing for a world to icome. The abuse, like most others, has crept in under an inno- cent, if not a laudable, pretence. Chapels in Wales are many, and the cohgregations'are seldom wealthy. Eccesiastical, like secular, buildings are injured by time and in this degenerate age people will not re- P^ir e.ve.° a P^ace of worship without being paid |for their labour. Moreover, ministers of every persua- sion incline—.no matter what may be the tenets of their creed with reference to architectural decora- tion-to spend money upon the structure in which they preach or pray. The instinct which created St. Peter's or the Kremlin Church at Moscow is the same as that which leads the minister of Little Bethel to desire a new coat :ef whitewash for the ceiling of that bare barn-like building. Unfortunately, though Holy Scripture teaches that it is more blessed to give than to receive, that view is seldom adopted by needy congregations. Liberality is not a specially Welsh virtue and ap- peals for grants in aid of chapel-building purposes have often proved unavailing. Under these circum- stances, some worthy individual, who united the wis- dom of the serpent with the innocence of the dove, was struck by the ingenious idea, that the depraved instincts of fallen human nature might be made in- strumental in promoting the cause of true religion. In fact, jndging from tenets which are dear to the theological intellect, the means would be sancified by the end. If people would not give willingly, they must be bribed into giving, and carnal experience has shown that there is no possible inducement so potent in extracting small sums of money out of poor pockets as the prospect of gaining a fortune without trouble. So, imitating the example of the Pope, who keeps up the Holy See by the profits of Ponti- bcial lottery, the patrons of pure Gospel truth in I Wales resolved to raise funds for religious purposes by a sort of bastard tombota. Somehow or other these gentlemen made the discovery that, without bringing themselves within the clutches of the law, I they might extend the system of the Art-Union lotteries to purposes which have certainly no con- nection with the promotion of a taste for Art. The reason why an exception to the general prohibition of lotteries has been allowed in the case of Art- Unions is, that the element of gambling hardly en- ters into a competition for prints and paintings. Whether the view is wise or unwiae, we do not pre- tend to say but such a plea cannot possibly be urged in favour of the mock art-union lotteries with which Wales has lately been deluged. Throughout the Principality announcements may now be seen that a house is to be had for sixpence. The statement is not, as you might at first think, a mere advertising trick, but a sober fact. If you choose to pay down the moderate sum of twelve halfpence, you may, should fortune favour you, be- come the lucky possessor of a leasehold bouse and whether you win or not, you will have contributed your mite to the cause of the Gospel, as taught in the Chapel of Adullam. In fact, you will have made the best of both worlds in a remarkable degree. In this life, you may possibly get a home in the next, where people are to dwell in houses not made with hands, you will have invested a sum which is certain to be placed to the credit of your account. The investors in the Adullam Art Union are offered a a perfect superabundance of prizes and rewards. Besides the house, they may win a very handsome horse," a good milch cow, and a fine store pig. If their tastes lie in the adornment of their persons, they may win a rich Paisley shawl" or a useful Whitney overcoat." A feather bed, a sack of Hour, a pair of home-made blankets, and a craet-stand complete, are held out as bribes to people who prefer solidity to show. No single prize has any conceiv- able connection with art. We find, indeed, amidst the objects a Geiriadur Charles o'r Bala," valued at one pound five As we have not the remotest conception what a Geiriadur" may be, we are willing to hope that it is of a more artistic character than the serviceable iron bedstead and the gentle- man's silk umbella, between which its name appears. It seems that if you take a sixpenny ticket, and do not draw a blank, you will get a prize of some kind or other, valued at a sum which varies from eighty pounds to five shillings. In this particular Adullam lottery the total worth of the prizes is estimated at two hundred pounds. We are therefore forced to the conclusion that either the value of the articles must be immensely overestimated by their religious ap- praisers, or else that eight thousand sixpenny tickets must be sold before the promoters of the lottery have earned a penny towards the expenses of advertising and management, not to mention profit. It is not therefore unfair to assume, that, the chapel in quest- ion must probably require some hundreds of pounds for building purposes, the promoters expect that about twenty thousand tickets will be bought. This, we should add, is a collection for one chapel out of a score in a town numbering fifty thousand inhabitants. The same local newspaper from whose advertisements we gather these particulars, contains announcements of six other similar lotteries within the same town or its immediate neighbourhood. They are all profes- sedly in aid of charitable or religious objects, such as schools, meeting-houses, or funeral funds. These enterprises may be conducted with a sincere wish to promote their avowed objects still very little knowledge of the world is requisite to foresee that they will very soon degenerate into vulgar devices for extorting money from foolish persons. Already one lottery is beginning to compete with another; and while the Adullamites only offer one house, va- lued at eighty pounds, for sixpence, the Elimites of Penydarren offer for the same amount two houses, worth one hundred and thirty pounds. Lotteries are in themselves questionable, and they are likely to be .purified but little when they are used for osten- sibly religious ends.
4 CARDIGANSHIRE ASSIZES. The commission for holding these assizes was opened at the Sbire Hall, Cardigan, on the evening ot Friday, the 22nd March, before the Hon. Sir. H. S. Kpating His lordship arrived from Haverford- west between three and four o'clock, and proceeded direct to the Hall. At five o'clock he was taken to St. Mary's Church, by J. Loxdale, Esq the High Sheriff for the County, in a handsome carriage drawn by a magnificent pair of horses gaily capar- isoned. Prayers were said by the Rev. Griffith Thomas, the vicar, but the assize sermon was post- poned until Sunday Morning, when a very appro- priate discourse was delivered at the same church by the Venerable Archdeacon Jones, of York, the Sheriff's Chaplain. The business of the assizes commenced on Satur- day morning at eleven o'clock. The following gentlemen comprised the Grand Jury G. W. Parry, Esq.; A. H. S. Davies, Esq.; J. Griffiths, Esq., J. Boultbee, Esq., Major Lewis; G. B. Jor- dan, Esq. David Davies, Esq.; J. Vaughan, Esq M. Jones, Esq T. R. P. Wagner, Esq.; J. R. Howell, Esq.; M. A. Saurin, Esq., Kilwendeague A. T. Davies, Esq.; Lieut. Col. J. Lewes; Cap'. Vaughan J. G. P. Hughes, Esq.; J. A. L1. Phil- lips, Esq., Mahws; J. G. W. Bonsall, Esq.; G. G. Williams, Esq.; and W. Buck, Esq. In charging the Grand Jury his lordship said :— I am happy to inform you that there is but one case for your consideration, and I congratulate you upon that fact. I congratulate you upon the fact that since the month of July last year, in which month the last assizes were held, up to February in the present year, there does not appear to have been a single commitment to the assizes. No doubt this is a state of things that contrasts favourably with other parts of the kingdom. It is a subject of con- gratulation and thankfulness that with one excep- tion the County of Cardigan has no criminal for trial, and the exception is the case now to be brought before you. I am however sorry to say that it is a case of a very serious nature. It appears that upon the night of the 16th of January last, or rather the morning of the 17th, two of the game- keepers of Sir Pryse Pryse, of your country, were out in their master's coverts watching, and hearing shots fired, and thinking they were intending to take the property of their employer, the senior keeper went in the direction of the sounds, and saw 4 men, 3 of whom were armed with guns, and 1 of them had in his hand a stick or some such weapon. Whilst the fouf men were sixty or seventy yards from him, one of them cried out to the keeper to to stand back, and the keeper not, I suppose, obey- the injunction, the man fired at him. The man fired there can be no doubt, because the shot struck the (keeper but in consequence of the great dls.. tance they were from each other, no harm was done. The four men then retired, and the keeper followed them. His son at that time had joined him, and he also saw the four men. The man who had dis- charged his piece, having reloaded it turned back, and the four together approached the keeper. That is material, as I shall show you presently. One of the men was thirty-five yards from the keeper, as near as the keeper's son could judge, bus it is not material to ascertain the exact distanee. That the same man who had before fired, again fired at the keeper at that distance. Fortunately, however, as he levelled the gun the keeper turned, and the shot struck him on the thigh, side, and hand. There is no medical evidence in the case, and therefore I am notinformedof the extent of the mischief; but to the fact of his turning at the moment thejjkeeper attri- butes the preservation of his life. Upon that the keeper called out several names, with what object I do not know, but that is for him to explain but he says he called out several names for the purpose of leading them to think that assistance Was at hand. He also blew his whistle, and the four men immedi- ately made off. This-is the fact of the outrage. I must tell you that it is immaterial who fired the shot, because if they were parties to resist the keeper by force of arms,—to resist by a species of warfare the man who was legally protecting his master's property —it is immaterial. The firing of the gun was the act of one or more than one, if they were there for a common purpose it was the act of all. Here we have the strongest evidence of a common purpose, because after they had retired to some distance, the man who fired the first shot reloaded his piece, returned, and again fired. Such was the serious outrage committed, but how far it affects the prisoners in charge it will be for you to consider. You will consider whether the evidence before you is sufficient, not to convict, for that is not your province, but whether you are furnished with suffi- cient evidence to convince you that the case is one that calls for further inquiry—whether it is of such a nature as to lead you to believe that it is sufficient, Of course a grand jury ought not to put any man upon hia trial—for it is a serious matter for any man to be put on trial for felony—unless there is fair and reasonable ground for believing there should be further inquiry. On the other hand, if they see that the evidence is strong against a prisoner they ought not to be deterred from sending him for trial because the evidence does not prove conclusively to their minds that conviction will fol- low. The evidence in the present case is entirely of a circumstantial nature. There is no direct evidence in the case. None of the men were known to the keepers, nor can the keepers speak to the person of any of them. The son first, and afterwards the father, upon hearing one of the prisoners—John Edwards—speak, said they thought the voice was the same voice as called out stand back." I need hardly tell you that that is a circumstance-nnless indeed the keepers were previously acquainted with John Edwards—that is a circumstance of the slight- est possible value. I hope that the witnesses before you will be a little more precise than they appear to have been when the depositions were taken. They say "I believe," and "about three miles," and expressions of that kind. It might be very impor- tant to show that a man was near to such a place upon the very day when an outrage took plaee. A day in such a case would be wholly material. I hope, therefore, that the witnesses will be more precise before you, as the evidence is of this charac- ter. You must watch it carefully. The town of Aberystwyth lies between the place where the out- rage occurred and the place where the prisoners lived. It would not be precisely the centre, because the covert would be two miles to the north of Aberystwyth, and the prisoners lived a greater distance to the south-they lived some miles to the south of Aberystwyth. The prisoners were seen at Aberystwyth about twelve o'clock on the night of the outrage. Oue of the prisoners accounts for bis being there by saying that he bad gone there to procure ointment for a burnt child. Two of the others were also seen there that night. They were seen in a public house, where they bad some drink. They were in the company of another man, but that third man was not one of tbe prisoners. I do not find that the fourth prisoner was seen there that night. It is supposed that they came there on the following morning, for the four were seen abont three miles to the south of Aberystwyth, going as I ihink, in the direction leading from Aberystwyth to their own homes Aberystwyth being the direction parties would take if they were going from the covert to the prisoners' houses. They were also seen that morning, about five or six o'clock, going to a public house. The four prisoners were together. Three of them had guns. They left their guns there, and on the same morning one of them took the gnus away. That together with some expressions said to have been used, and some contradictions alleged to have been made by the prisoners, would seem to constitute the principal, or rather, I should say, tbe whole of the evidence against them. There is one evidence of their borrowing a newspaper, and of a little newspa- per wadding being found near the place where tbe outrage occurred but I suppose as newspaper wad- ding is so frequently used, that evidence will not be considered of much value. It does not appear that there is any evidence of the prisoners being seen at any time that day in possession of gamp, or having those appearances consequent upon the taking of game. That is altogether absent. Iwoutd recom- mend the case to your serious attention. It may be, when your attention is directed to the case, you may be able, when the witnesses are before you, to elicit facts that are now before me. You may be able to ascertain the houses, places, and dates; be- cause these facts that I have stated—and stated very loosely, I am afraid—are all that appear in the depositions. I again commend the case to your careful attention, because that an outrage of a most serious nature has been committed there can be no doubt; hut you should take care in considering a case of that serious nature that justice on the one hand should not be thwarted, and on the other that the court should not deal with the charge against the prisoners unless you think the evidence against them is very strong indeed. I will not detain you any longer. I will merely express the satisfaction I feel at seeing so large an attendance of the gentle- men of the county on this occasion. I think even when there are but few cases to be dealt with, the gentlemen of the county should show by their at- tendance here that they take an interest in the ad- ministration of justice in their county. I shall have a bill sent up to you immediately, and I know you wiil give it that attention it deserves. Air. Bowen, who, with Mr. H. Allen, appeared for the prosecution in the trnninal case, applied to his lordship for leave to allow the depositions of Clarke, tbe prosecutor to be sent before the Grand Jury, himself being unable through illness to at- tend. The son of the prosecutor, was sworn, and stated that he left his home 011 Friday morning, his father being at the time unable to get up from his bed He had been in bed since Tuesday, and was attended by Dr. Gilbertson, who had sent a medical certificate under the impression that his presence in coiut was not required. In reply to Mr. Alien, the witness stated that he had heard the doctor express the hope that his father mi:;tht he able to attend on Monday, but that he could not leave his bed on Friday. His lordship said he Did not think there was sufficient evidence of the inability of the prose- cutor to attend on Monday, and Mr. Bowen under- took to procure his attendance, or the attendance of Dr. Gilbertson, the Grand Jury by this time haviug found a true bill against the prisoners, MONDAY. The court sat this morning at half past nine o'clock, and proceeded to try the only criminal case. John Evans, 34, a farnfer, David Joops, a tailor, John Jones, 16, and Thomas Jones, 20, servants in husbandry, were charged with unlawfully entering by night a certain enclosed land, called Porthagel cover, the property of Sir Pryse Pryse, Bart., and and then and there being armed for the purpose by night of taking and destroying game and also fe- loniously shooting and wounding one James Clarke, a gamekeeper, wilb intent to kill and murder him, on the 17th of January lasl. M. Bowen and Mr. Huphes appeared for the prosecution, iostructed by Mr. W. H. Thomas, Aberystwyth Mr. T. Allen defended the prisoners, instructed by Mr. C. Bishop, jun., Llandovery. Mr. Bowen addressed the jury for the prosetution, and tbe witnesses were then examined. Their evi- dence was substantially the same as that recorded in our report of tbe investigation by the magistrates at the Tre'rddol Petty Sessions. Mr. Allen in a very able and ingenius speech addressed the jury for the defence. His Lordship then summed up the evidence at great length and with much clearness. With re- gard to the intention of the man who shot at the keepers, they should remember that a man should be taken to intend that which would lie the natural consequences of his act. It they thought it. extremely improbable that the result of a gun fired at that distance would be to kill; then the men did not intend to kill; and it would be for the jury to say whether they intended under the circumstances to do grievous bodily harm. With regard to Mr. Allen's ingenious ob-. servations about the footmarks; if the snow re- mained on the ground until the prisoners were apprehended, the observations were very good, but if the snow did not remain, then the observations were of no value. The question after all was, were —r- they satisfied that the prisoners were the four men, or that any of the prisoners were amongst the four, men seen by the Clarks on the morning out of the outrage. As the learned counsel had told them it^ps not the business of the prosecution to prove that they were. If they failed, if they left upon them a reasonable-doubt, if they entertained a ra- tional doubt that the prisoners were not the men, then they should give them the benefit of the doubt The evidence with one exception was circumstantial. That exception was the voice of Evans. It would be for them to say what importance they would attach to the statement of the younger Clarke, who says ^half eleven days after the outrage he heard a voice that be had never heard butjonce speak, and then but two words-the only two words he ever heard it speak -in eleven days after be heard that same voice speak in a different language. If the evidence for the prosecution was consistent witbfany conclusion than the guilt of the prisoners, then they werd entitled to the benefit of the doubt. The jury retired, and after a lapse of ten minutes returned a verdict of not guilty. The prosecution offering no evidence against the prisoners on the charge of a misdemeanor, they were discharged, and the business of the assizear concluded shortly after fonf o'clock.
THE Lifeboat Institution has jusi forwarded heref a new lifeboat carriage instead of the old one, which has been sent to Portmadoc. The, wheels of the new one being much wider, it is expected that this will prevent the carriage sinking so deeply inttf the beach, and thus facilitate the launching of ther boat, a thing much to be desired.
Angry looks can do no good, And blows are dealt in blindness Words are better understood If spoken but in kindness.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions and sentiments of our Correspondents.
TO THE PROPRIETOR OF THE ABEK-YST W *T H OBSERVER. Sm,-In these days of clever imposture, benevo- lent people are necessarily careful to discriminate as nicely as possible between those cases of distress which are deserving, and those which are dot good- nature is often abused, and it is a great pity that such should be the case, both on account of those' who are benevolently inclined, and of those who aref really worthy of'sympathy. The attention of the public is respectfully called to the following real case of distress. Its genuine- ness is quite unmistakeable. No stronger evidence of this need be adduced than that the grievances of which this new object of sympathy complains were detailed the other day in the leading columns of the ABERTSTWTTH OBSERVER. A press-man who describes himself as a "gentleman who has received an education," appeals to a sympathising public, on account of certain hardships being thrust upon him, and which threaten to culminate in a chronic irritable fever," or something else equally disastrous. To use his own words, he "works unceasingly with his mind," which necessarily entails a perpetual strain upon the brain." He is the '« scavenger of news and rumours," the writer of letters to him- self," and is often "placed at his wits' end to satisfy the eager cravings of the printer's devil." He com- plains with some acrimony of a certain Numskull" -one invested with a "brief authority and talks with Byronian emphasis of throwing up his occupa- Uon injchsgust." Alas! who else could you have to fill his place Surely, if this account be not exaggerated, it dis- closes a case of considerable hardship. So eloquent and touching an appeal must needs prove irresistable. Undoubtedly, when the complainant entered upon his present duties, he had no idea of encountering the many humiliations to which he k or of incurring the wear and tear of mental anxiety." What then is he to do but to appeal to the public ? By what other means is he to prevent his overstamed brains from prematurely softening ? Surely, his case is desperate and nobody need be surprised at seeing a score or two of sympathising matrons surround the Observer" office, and demand that that cruel Mr. Numskull" shall in future be- have more leniently towards his ore-worked "Ipresa man." But whatever womanly resolves the matrons may arrive at, the public must not forget its own inter- ests. What is it to the public generally that the "press-man" and the office crew are at loggerheads? The life of a journal depends upon its readers; and if the petty annoyances to which the press-man is subjected are to be thrust upon the people, the sooner he "throws up his occupation," and the better! But, besides the puerile impatience with which this irritable "press-man" obtrudes bis private grievances in the leading columns of a newspaper, the young people have reason to complain of another thing. No one can truthfully affirm but that the series of "Penny Readings," held at the Temper- ance Hall, have been conducted in the most respect- able manner, and that they have afforded abundance of innocent amusement, entertainment, and instruc- tion, to large nu rubers of our young folks. It is unfortunately true that at the last entertainment" one person very injudiciously sang a rather indeli- cate song. But for this no one was to blame but himself,-as the virtuous press-man admits,-the song not figuring in the programme. Had such an incident occurred at another place where "Read- ings are wont to be given,-and such blunders are very possible, perhaps the fastidious critic, beinc an interested person, would have passed itover" However that may be, it is certain that the pro- moters of the Penny Readings,"—and especially the honoured clergyman who presided,-are not less sorry on this account than the" press-man" him- self. It is much to be feared that the unwarrant- able attempt to injure the Penny Readings is in some degree, ascribable to the same ill-tempered spirit which originated the famous article entitled "A Press-man's Business." tLB"tDwhat a no,ise, the "press-man makes about the Parson and the Dumplings!" Where in the world,—except at the Observer" Office,-is there a sane man to be found, who will raise such an out- cry about so triflilg a bit of pleasantry? If the rev. president was not offended, why should the press-man be so indignant? If the Parson and the Dumplings is not the pink of innocence, it is at least both as empty and as harmless as the Press- man's Business" aforementioned. Wherefore does the enlightened critic express such righteous, or rather prudish indignation at a thing which might have figured with advantage in the space occupied by- last Saturday s leading article? What more harm could it do, or how could it seem more silly than the crabbed and foolish whinings which the press-man chose to insert in the most prominent part of the paperHow are the young gentlemen behind the counters and the young ladies who patro- nise the Penny Readings to refrain from laughing at such vagaries on the part of a «• gentleman of e uca ion ? Certainly, the people of Aberystwyth may well congratulate themselves upon having a competent man to guide public opinion, when they are compelled to read such marvellous productions as A Press-man's Business," and such acute criti- cisms on the Aberystwyth "Penny Readings." Yours, &c., JAMBS A. M'CILQUHAM. HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILLS.-Disorders of the throat and chest. —Dangerous and complicated as are the diseases of the air passages during many parts of the yeur all their afflic- tions may be removed by these renowned remedies. The. Oint- ment must-be well rubbed upon the sides ahd front part of the neck twice a day, or oftener in diptheria, sore throat, scarlatina, quinsy, and all maladies assailing this highly sensitive part. In measles, whooping-cough, bronchitis, inflammation of the lungs, and asthma, Holloway's Oinfment should be rubbed on the chest, and up and down the back with sufficient briskness to ensure its penetration. Holloway's Piils may be reduced to powder, and taken at the same time; they purify the blood, materially contribute to arrest diseased action, and restore health.
etrtfiii. On the 2Jth ult., the wife of Mr. Henry Meredith, of Helder, Welshpool, of a daughter. On the 26th ult., the wife of the late Mr. Daniel Jones, Mercer, &c., Great Dark-gate Street, in this town, of a son. carnage. On the 28th ult., at Llanbadarn-fawr Church, by the Rev. John Pugh, Vicar, Mr. Thomas Evans, Llanbadarn, to Miss Anne Lewis, Pantffynon, near Talybont. lEIeatt). On the morning of Wednesday, the 27th Febru- ary, aged 2 years and 4 months, Herbert RiddelL son of Mr. William Lynon, of New Street, in this town.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. THE GOGERDDAN FOXHOUNDS WILL MEBT Wednesday, 6th March, Castle Hill HALF-PAST TEN. Saturday, 9th March Crosswood EACH DAY AT TEN THE VALE OF AYRON FOXHOUNDS (Capt. Vaughan a). WILL MEET Monday, March 4th .Crossways, Llanayron Friday, 8th March Derry Ormond Pillar EACH DAY AT TEW. Printed and Published by the Proprietor, DAVID JENKINS, at his General Printing-Office, Pier- street, Aberystwyth. | Saturday, March 2nd, 1867.