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A CAUTION TO INTENDING EMIGRANTS. The following letter has been sent to the papers for pub- lication and the Importance of it cannot be too highly estimated at this particular juncture:- U Sydney, New South Wales, Nov. 12,1886. "Rtsoluiion pasted at tM Carpsntsr«* and Joinw? Society:— That we form r. committee to inquire Into the present depression in trade, and call delegates from other trades with the view of ascertaining the amount of distress existing among each trade or calling In the colony of New South Wales." TO THE SECRETARY ANJC MEMBEB8 OF THE AMALGA- MATED SOCIETY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM. Gentlemen and Fellow-Workmen,—We, the under- signed; as delegates of the various trades of Sydney, hereby forward you a correct account of the great de- pression existing among all classes of skilled and unskilled labour in the colony. It is with extreme regret that we feel it our duty, and a very painful duty, to make you acquainted with our present depressed condition. Owing to the great want of employment experienced by all trades and callings, more especially among the building and iron trades) labourers in the building trades also, we wish par- ticularly to warn you against the glowing, but false, accounts that often find their way to the United Kingdom by almost every mail We can assure you that the labour-offices are daily besieged by willing and anxious hard-working men, offering their services for any kind of employment or wages; but the demand for labour is as scarce as the applioations for employ. ment are numerous. We do not wish you to understand that we never had New South Wales in a distressed state before now, for we can assure you that the colony has not been worth a man in the United Kingdom, who was doing moderately well, or getting a moderate amount of employment, to leave to come here for these last six or seven, years; in, fact, employment is always hard to obtain, and where obtained is mostly of short duration. We will now give you a truthful statement of the wages paid and received by the best workmen in the colony and city of Sydney, and that is the very highest received by any trade or calling. Stonemasons, 10s. per day of eight hours, but not in a shop or under a shed, as in the old country, but under the scorching sun of Australia—no protection either from hot winds or drencfiing rains, but knock off and go home, lose the time, and consequently the money, from the ale ready too small amount of wages. Carpenters and joiners, 9s. per day, not in shops such as you have at home, as we call it, but most of our work is done in sheds that are neither wind nor water-tight, or else in the buildings, and subject to all the annoyances of the plasterers and all other trades when the work is pre- pared in the building. Bricklayers, 10s. per day, or 21. 10s. to 3l. per rod of piece-work. Plasterers, 9s. per day, or from 6d. to lOd. per yard of piece-work; and, if at day-work, there are no hawk-boys, but the mortar is pitched on the board, and in nine cases out flout-in ?rt dispense with the labourer when the raneinf wT** Painters, 8s. per day. Iron trades Slaters all hv +kto 10s' pei day °* ten hours. 5± & £ £ L" Quarreymen, from 83. to 10s. per day of ten hours! We cannot give you a correct account of cabinet- makers, upholsterers, French-polishers, tailors, shoe- makers, &c., but we can assure you that they are in a most deplorable condition, as the most of their branches of trade are imported from England and other countries. In the above we did not tell you how many of each trade, on the average, were employed, but we will do so to the best of our knowledge. Masons, about two- thirds only employed; carpenters and joiners about the same, if anything a little less; painters, we are sorry to say, only about one-third bricklayers and plasterers, about two-thirds employed bricklayers and plasterers' labourers, we are sorry to say, only about half; and the iron trades only about two out of every ten in em- ployment. They are in » most deplorable condition Now, we dare eay you will think the wages in New South Wales are very high, or, at any rate, very good, and wonder what we are complaining about, but when thinfc ° v ^°U expenditure side of the account, we ma/i emigrants are not quite Australian they will at once see that there is no balance in our of the Australian wages, saying nothing about tne Unsteadiness of employment. In the first place, if you wish to live in or near the city, for a house of four small rooms you will have to pay from 14 J. to 20s. per week rent, if in a court or alley, from 10s. to 15s. per week; if in the suburbs, for a four-roomed house from 10s. to 15s. per week, and the smaller the house the more rent you have to pay in proportion. Firing and lights will cost about 4s. per week all the year round. Vegetables cost about 250 per cent. more than in Eog. land only fancy giving 8d. for a small cabbage—that is the price now! Bread averages about 5d. the 21b. loaf; beef and mutton average about 5d. per lb., pork, about 7d., veal, about 7d., bacon and cheese about Is. Gd.; milk, 8d. per quart; groceries about the same as in England, only very inferior, generally speaking; boots and clothes about the same (slops), but there is much less wear in those things here, on account of the greater amount of perspiration, as in all hot coun- tries—you may often see people as wet as if they had been dipped in a pond—we might easily say 120 per cent. more here than in England. Now, there is another cause of complaint of a very serious nature. There is not the slightest inclination on the part of employers to take as apprentices any of the thousands of young Arabs, as they are colonially called, and the consequences are that they are entirely dependent on their parents; and also, there is no sort of industry that young girls can engage in except millinery and dressmaking, which are already overdone, and their pay isdown almost to starving point. What we are going to do with the rising generation is an everyday question, but no one appears to be able to answer the question. We are sorry to say that our streets are thronged with unfortunate girls as a con- bi? £ rnCe n°n-employment. The Government are oni k g an,d enlarging gaols all over the country, and are olent institutions are all full, and one or two nnm«M additional wings built to accommodate the tion in S8 ,aPPbcations for relief. There is one institu- r" •k to nee a 'oave8. It is nothing uncommon men are WOSH mechanic call in where other assistance as w«8i^Be?k employment, or Buch other • Jnallw noiB be able to give him these are prmc pally new amva!, and Jmt of t'hem have Ann miles The ^ueen8land, a distance of 500 or 600 miles. The d1streaø there no doubt, you have heard of before The colony of New South Wales has been getting gradually worse these last seven years, cbiefly owin? to the great amount of emi- gration, and the falling-off of ourg0]d.fie]dg more so through the great amount of importation q{ almoat every article we left our homea to come here to manu- facture. We are, Gentlemen, yours respectfully [Here follow thesignatures of the delegates from the Joiners,' Painters,' Bricklayers' and Labourers' Society.]




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