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-----MALT DEFEATED BY BARLEY!

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MALT DEFEATED BY BARLEY! The Board of Trade has recently issued a very valuable Exiiito^°k l va Ue of malted barley as food for stock. cheaniTT allegations that cattle could be fattened dutv W °IJ ni au<^ 'hat the abolition of the malt toieht J- 80 ^ar reduce the price of beef that we si «< ^Pense with the importation of charqui, or y| of fiyru Mx. Milner Gibson has had a series IB BheenE^Winents tried to test their truth. Oxen, cows, Im subi^t1 8w*ne have been carefully selected and S| Dre^; 1 • cour8es of feeding under circumstances snnnlf j !lmiiar' except that for the malted barley r>f ui 1 one division or group, the same quantity reanit unma^ed has been supplied to another. The nr have been a terrible commentary on the vacat y p. ?.eory» In. spite of agricultural chymiats, Mr- ?'J aiM^ fattening qualities of sugar, the on the unmalted barley fattened, on t e ?^e, better than the others; and the supposed su- perior virtues of malt arelaltogether discountenanced, and we are no longer to beUeve that anything can done with malt which cannot be better done with nlain \1-- ijariey. Mr, Lawes, the well-known agricultural chymist, who seems to have conducted the experiments for the ■Hoard of Trade, took two samples, each of seventy quarters of barley, the first of fair malting, and the second of fair feeding quality, end he malted and screened half of each sample. He had thus four Parcels—two of malt and two of barley—with which to carry out his plans. The subjects of the feeding experiments were twenty cows, twenty oxen, each divided into two lots of ten, sixty sheep, divided into jots of twelve each, and forty-eight pigs, divided into f°ts of eight each. The animals were selected so that ose in each class should be as far as possible of the sa.me size, breed, and constitution but, to make the wial fairer, they were put under a process of training before they subjected to the final and perfect experiment. Thus, the twenty cows were selected, Weighed, and placed apart, and for a fortnight each received exactly the same food of cake, meal, chaff, and sweeds. At the end of the fortnight they were weighed again, and definitely divided into two lot?, and the exact experiment began. For ten weeks the cows received the same food as before, except that each of the first lot received 31b. of the fair malting barley daily instead of 31b. of rapecake, and each of the second lot received the malt aml malt dust produced from 31b. of the barley instead of the rape- cake. No exception can well be taken to the ex- periment as thus stated, and the experiments with the oxen, sheep, and pigs were almost identically the same. The only difference was that feeding cas *Was 8Uhstituted for malting barley in the 1 6 '■he oxen, and the greater number of the wift^ anc^ a'l°wed experiments to be made harl mixtnre8 °f malted and unmalted barley. The ft .ey and malt were crushed in all cases except rpt the pigs, when they were coarsely ground. J. • animals were weighed at regular intervals p,-ii 8 the progress of the experiment, and the clnsn J? cows was weighed daily. At the w ?* the experiment the fattening animals Were killt d and their carcasses weighed and ex- The results almost uniformly showed temng qualities 111 Parley than in malt ■ the difference was generally slight, but it was Quite ODlr decided exception WMT,! 7 ,the,cow?» fhich fattened better, but, on m |, hand, yielded less milk, when dieted upon thA "o -kven here the advantage was very small the average weekly increase per 1.0001b. of live agafnsf 7 VZIK 2.8lb,m case of the malt eaters, I vfel^i Pi m ?e^frley eaters> while the mUk E 1S7MK Week> Per 1,0001b. of live weight was only i sSeA TmBt J4^lb- The lactometer invariably milk a u p,r°portlon of cream in the Where « barley-fed cows. The results were tri^ rCS °f ^alted and unmalted barley the sheen ZT fqu?1IJy favourable to plain barley; than on fattened better ture The nd'e ed on malted barley, or on a mix- same craclfi? Th^h^l 7a™ kUled led to the even in qualitv 'tv, ^[ barley-fed oxen were more which were decfded^nie-maK'l beast?' Some of inferior to their rivalg T^ i0 8^ decidedly variation, but amoDg the mVa r6? showed little in much better condition *n.l ^°8e fe?^barley were than those fed on malt. Th« muck better quality from the pigs fed on tb. rasilt Made of the good malting barley. ma't made of the good

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