AMERICA. By the arrival of the Canada we have news from nrvU.. ,ot the 4th instant. President Lincoln has ♦ fon t of 500,000 men, that is 200,000 in addi- OnWir 0 300,000 called for in October last. The • iy papers pertinently remark on the incon- » i °f calling for such large forces when the wx-v, ,?trati°n are announcing the weakness and sumi 11 ^e South. The Confederates had re- ™ ~?ec* operations in Western Virginia and driven the Wi • ^roni several towns. In North Carolina they a driven the Federals back to Newbern, on which it Sn nSUPP°sed they would make an attack. The sold U army sa^ to *a t^e best spirits, and the Til ? were re-enlisting by brigades and regiments. here is nothing fresh about the movements of General ^ongstreet. Another land and naval expedition was nctitg out at New Orleans; its destination was not Known, but supposed to be Mobile. We have two days' later news from America by tvT ~teamer City of New Yori\ The advance of e Yonfederates into Western Virginia and North t.a had been met and disputed by the Federals, ?!?a .the former, after some brisk fighting at l-sewberu and at MoorfieljJ, had fallen back,- aving, it ja supposed, b^en successful in obtaining t^oS quantity of e;appiies. General Longsstreet's pusiuon was nearK the same as by the last accounts.. oeS Stacked the Federals on the 28thult., ( contest -xOrristown and Louisville, and, after a stout re- <lrove them from the field. The Confederates c .Ccupied Corinth on the 30th ult. The Federals hb, recommenced shelling Fort Sumter, having dis- covered that the Confederates had remounted five guns on the fort. There was a renewed report of Ge- neral Meade being superseded by General Thomas.
SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN. The efforts of the Austrians and Prussians are now tv^fr the Damsh position at Duppel and °L i 8»id that the Prussian general considers the works at Duppel too strong to be attacked by force, and IS preparing mortar batteries for the P? ,e ° ^°mbarding the place. The Danes are pr*- Remained resistance, and the Danish «noneh fn^amVe Alaen, wiU' no be strong the i!fl »n<? rVent tlle German forces from invading remmprff ^cording to a German paper, a Danish Ue^ OQ Monday from their entrenchments _„a uPPel and attacked the Prussian batteries, and WaLt 8t annihilated. Later advices received at TWJv.rg' sa4 to be trustworthy, state that the coS~aw tw? s'^ce88ful sorties, and inflicted considerable loss on the Prussians.
IT llisctlktitcinB littclligetttt. HOME, FOREIGN, AND COLONIAL. A. COLONIAL DEFINITION.—RAILWAY PORTER. rt™' 'criminating functionary employed by the woromment to see that passengers carry their own IU £ J?age.—Mtlbaume Punefu A SIMGULAR CASE.—On Saturday morning, woman, some sixty or seventy years of age, whose name is unknown, was found dead in a house in Bir- mingham. She went to the house to live some three *°ur weeks ago, but was rather reserved in her ^onveraation, and did not associate a great deal with Mm™! T1 T*3 ^is83d by ^er neighbours somewhere about Tuesday, but no notice was at first t&.ken of that circumstance. As she did not make her appearance, the neighbours became alarmed, and called « the aid ot the police, who, on entering, found the ^cms in great confusion. On going upstairs, the Wv.aQa*i°v.n i J ttin,g on the side °* the bed with fll cu Shoulders leaning backwards towards the noor. She was dressed in her ordinary clothine but WM quite dead, and had apparently been so for 'some £ »ys. On searching her pockets, the constable found a *ey and 4 £ <i in money; and upon the table in a room «e saw a small box, upon opening which he found a tea-cup and some poison laliels. No poison was seen cnthe premises. It is not known where the deceased nor who she is, but it is supposed that her name is rarker. In order to facilitate her indentifica- ber description She is an elderly ut five feet three or four inches in height, cloth^T W She was dressed in half-mourning HENBT WA RB BSECHER AVE TIlE Pri AUCTION. -'rhe following paraph, t Ttracted from a letter published m the Morning Star, of Tuesday, 9thinst., *ritten by the New York correspondent of that r.. will serve further to illustrate Mr. Beecher's ^cter. The letter is dated New Y< rk, J27th:— °'^ Wend, Rev. II. w. Beeeher, has just coiue before his cW^v'* r>ublic hi a very favourable light. The pews in <jolg J;ftntly rt ntet\ for the enormou? sum of 31,000 «IS tbe 4' in the church brought that *er»h?t* ,"oru,<! Tear. h was a decided advance upon the i-lfn?i,)aiV 1 'ious > ir, and the trustees bought that church >v ltl their pastor, BO -t a general itr. "•'isst! nicame up for discussion, whether sai" "creased from 7,500 dols., t h f 'st- ther a gift of 5,000 dols, °i i"11 ieutyear. The last course ru= 'rmined upon, fc- Mr llwh^r positively re- ^hat the wti? <• with th«ir remams to 1,e a, >ir. iietcUer ia t ot 'ueh large receipts, it is M to see why he rn share them. Fr TRADE. — The silk trade (says a P&V*1) appears to be opw undeivol*^ » general crisis, the «« "f whioi( it.?* fei^j American coniiic va,^ almost .t1- *v-t> «onndence at Lyons, and the events in Germany ii^ve *rlt-ased the disaster. Unfavourable advices sire rrV* received from the neighbourhood of AubenAs wau a large number of silk dressers have determine^ of st!?6 their mills, in consequence of the impossibility rp, any longer against a disastrous situation. ects this situation are naturally felt at Saint- dnr^Une* ^ur ril3bon manufacturers are indeed pro- u^ng a few plain and fancy articles, but orders are a to ve*vets< they are now passing through ^^mer Whicil P^judiceB our interests in a serious ^AKIKG A ROSE-COLOURED VIEW !—The Em- l1crOl" of Austria closed the session of the RejVhsrath in 5jT™°n; on Monday last. In his speech h« took a for tv.U^ rose-loured view of affairs. He has joy *0 £ ue continued prosperity of the empire, and grief na v (^lstre88 Hungary. The session has not, he *ys> been remarkable, but it has produced some good He has endeavoured to maintain peace, and "*?eed he announces that the mission of Austria is to the voice of peaoe in the council of nations. His friendly relations with all the great Powers of Europe Promise the complete attainment of this object" Denmark, of course, is not a great Power, and there- ti lS ? of fnendiy relations with her is to be tCilC-(;0Un any rat(S that would seem has done statement of what Austria PruKRi'a '-chleswig in conjunction with WT l! i e Emperor confidently hopes that what oeen done in that matter will secure a happy to the countries whose rights have long been violated, and will not endanger the peace of Europe in a more extended sphere." finally, there is a glowing fjuusion to the strength with which Austria is to pursue the new path of liberty which she has entered." HAVING A LONG SPELL OF IT!—Towards the close of last year Mr. Smith was re-elected for the sixth cine Mayor of Melbourne. The great city ot which he js chief magistrate has been so rapid and precocious in jts growth, that large tracts of timber have, since he ■rst held office, been transformed into important thoroughfares lined with fine mansions and spacious warehouses. Mr. Smith, it may be remembered, visited this country, a few years back, with an address of con- Sratulation to the Queen on the marriage of the Prin- cess Royal. SETTLED AMICABLY!—A duel was to have Gome off, and a meeting in which one of the parties was Represented by a proxy did come off last Saturday. As ft has been represented to me, the affair happened as follows (writes the Times' correspondent from Rome):— The Marchese Santulisia felt himself aggrievedby some ^baerratioDS of the Princess Altieri, but, unable to retort on ;a lady, he applied to her husband. The Prince refused to any explanations and in a letter confirmed what his wife 8*id. At the ball given for the Asili Infantili the Marchese "PProached the Prince, showed him a letter, and asked him •it were his, and, being answered in the affirmative, tore it an.threw it in his face. A meetiDg was afterwards Waged for the following Saturday, but on the Marchese, wmo, by-the-bye, is a Neapolitan, appearing on the ground, hiw?8 olseovered that the Prince was represented by his ?r,j x? Lorenzo Altieri. Explanations were given and ccepted the whole thing was agreed to be a mistake, and peace was restored. The Neapolitans, who are good swords- h»vl.eep^e,r nandsinpractice among themselves, and have a meeting now and then in private rooms. THE FORCE OF GOOD EXAMPLE !—A corres- pondent of the Dublin Evening Mail gives the sub- °f » conversation which took place between her and her housemaid about three years ago :— P^3". doors, and even furniture of my house mined to y tbe constant friction of her hoops, I deter- articlesindoorsVoUm° put down the fashion of wearing such hoopstobeworihffchVSaidinfl!1tUreIH0UlKnlt^ermit prised, and angry, JL 8he appeared greatly shocked, sur- face, and liked the famFlv ^A a}though she liked a good would almost rather dle 6,6^ leaving-indeed, room in tears. Fortunately forhlr her ?°.ops' andthe days previous to our beloved occurred a few The day after her Majesty's arrival khi t, Vlsl j Ireland, me with a letter in her hand, and 'lameto ?bjection, ma'am. I have changed my have no i.bave just received this letter from a fH»^,Ue,avi!lg' a? Kingston who closely watched her Majestv i ?? and she declares she neither wore hoop nor erinni^I411 gl am satisfied to leave off mine indoors." olme; sol AN INDIAN BEARER.—Manrat's pedierep WOE interesting. His grandfather had been a bearer in tbp days of Warrfcn Hastings, and bad accompS f„^?r t° Madras, where he had attended him verv ti TTM^ly in a long illness (fays the author of tbn leavw7 °ithe Siege of Delhi"). The gentleman, on immenL-0r ^n8land, gave him a thousand rupees, an manwhnv.111? ^or anative; and he returned, lite a near Cawn^ 114ade his fortune, to his native village possessed a o Fe' ^am^y chronicles state that he sweetmeats ^2.rse> and palki, and gave many sweetmf eats to holy Brahmins P The old gentleman his relation?- but ec £ .great veneration amongst the disin'yerestednp^ be8mninSto qi^stion suapicio-xs and misanti?; • ei,r motives, he became horse. And palki on the °S,lcaL E0^ cam? cou] jt, and concentrating advantageous terms he ba^ of rupees, he solemnly 4a?[°]ff^ if0 f, heavy vbich was conveniently near f?n j \e -relations and friends endeavouriS??^ ,al\>a Having bid them fareweU, with mucli »^aaa T' threw himself into the holy str»am, witb fvf11^88' < ^Pees tied rouud his neck; neither the other being ever more heard of. or the MORMON SCRUPLES !-A letter from Great Salt Lah City states that one Jason Luce, convicted of ^fl'ul murder, has been sentenced to be shot. The Vlormons have religious motives against strangling ence the criminal code of Utah allows cho ca of three °.f execution—hanging, shooting, and beheading ri Ith6 jud^e may aUow tlae criminal such Lr ^!i<»ni;^afcePts not' iudKe decides the method. tenoed himfs above?86' whereUpon Jud^e sen- FIELD-MARSHAL VON WRANGT5T,'S "Wr«?TT -Fif W- •pSs haenced he was in a very dejected state, feeling a presentiment that the end'of his mortal career was fast approaching. It is well known in the army that before leaving Berlin he made his last will and tes- tament, and took a sorrowful farewell of his relatives, as if he never expected to see them again, On the day before he entered the Duchy of Schleswig he at- tended divine service at one of the churches at Rendsburg, and paid great attention to the sermon. After the service was over, he said to the group of officer. standing round him :— I sincerely thank God for having permitted me to lead such a long life, which I have honourably spent in the service of my king and country, I have not shunned danger^ but on the whple have been most providentially preserved. I am now by the laws of nature verging towards the grave, and my greatest wish is to close my life as t have spent it -on the field of battle—the most fitting death for a soldier. ARRIVAL OF LADY ELGIN IN ENOLAND.—The Countess ot Elgin and Kincardine, widow of the lamented Governor-General of India, landed at Dover on Monday, with her two children, on her return to tnis country from Calcutta. Her ladyship travelled by the Great Northern of France Railway from Paris (the Emperor having expressly sent some of his suite to pay his respects to her) to Calais, where the Admiralty steam yacht Vivid, Commander Allan, which had been specially dispatched under Government instructions, was lying to receive her. THE ROLL OF THE LORDS.-First upon the roll for the session of 1864 come nine names which take precedence of the rest of the House:—The Prince of Wales, the King of Hanover (Duke of Cumberland), the Duke of Cambridge, the Lord Primate, the Lord Chancellor, the Archbishop of York, the Irish Archbishop on the rota (Armagh), the Lord President of the Council, and the Lord Privy Seal. Then follow the 20 dukes, 21 mar- quises, 129 earls (besides the Lord President), 28 viscounts, 21 bishops, and 218 barons, besides the Lord Chancellor and the Lord Privy Seal, and counting Lord Auckland among the spiritual Lords. This is the roll of the House made up according to the right to sit in Parliament, and here therefore five dukes (Athole, Buccleuch, Leinster, Montrose, and Roxburgh) take rank only as earls or viscounts, and many of these last I as barons. The representative peers of Scotland and Ireland are of course included. The roll of the Lords has now only 452 names upon it. Some names, Lynd hurst and Clyde among them, are there no longer. Henry White (Lord Annaly), and R. Moncton Milnes (Lord Houghton), are new names upon the roll, the junior barons of England. HER MAJESTY'S STYLE AND TITLES.There has been laid before Parliament a convention, concluded in October last, between the Queen's Government and the Government of the Bey of Tunis relative to Ihe holding of real property by British subjects in Tunis. Her Majesty is thus described in the con- vention. The descendant of glorious Sovereigns, the Crown of the illustrious great, who holds at her command the sword and the pen the great and august Princess the fame of whose virtues is spread over tbe universe. MAKING A BISHop.-Dr. Sumner was at Hatchard's, and said to a friend whom he met there, "I have anotehere to wait on the Duke of Wellington. Tell me where he lives." He went, was back in about ten minutes, and the clergyman was still there. You have soon got your business over. — Yes^, and m so short a time I am promoted to the See of Chester. I was shown into a room—in came the Duke. I Are you Dr. Sumner ? I am commanded to offer you the Bishopric of Chester. Do you accept it or not V Yes. Then put your name down here. Good mornmg. ly DESCRIPTION OF SCHLESWIG. — The creek or inlet of the Schlei, after running in a broad channel from its mouth, only contracting at various points, expands into a broad surface, like a lake, upon leaving the latter-named place, and spreads far and wide up to the town of Schleswig. Schleswig is a long, straggling city of one street, built on both sides of the Schlei, along its banks at the western end. The Castle of Gottorp, rising in a central position at the westernmost point, between the Alstadt and the long suburb of Fredericks; burg, is surrounded by the same waters of the Schlei on all sides, and has very extensive wooded hills, its chase and pleasure-grounds in the rear. A PALTRY SUM—NOT WORTH SAVING !—The London Standard thus grumbles Some months ago a great flourish of trumpets was sounded in praise of the wonderful achievements of Mr. Stansfeld, the Junior Lord of the Admiralty, who had, with great pains and labour, made himself master of the system of account- keeping at the different dockyards, and had thus been enabled to effect unheard-of savings to the country. The navy estimates were issued on Monday, and we find that the sum total of Mr. Stansf eld's saving amounts to the paltry sum of 303,4222.1 A BLUNDER.—The Times" reporter of the pro- ceedings in the House of Lords, on the opening of Parliament, made an odd and unaccountable blunder, which I have not seen noticed in any of tbe other .morning papers (says the "Lounger at the Clubs"in the 'Illustrated London Times). He tells us that this is the eighteenth Parliament of her Majesty's reign. At first I thought that this must be a typographical error; but on reading further I found that he proceeded to divide the twenty-seven years which her Majesty has reigned to get at the average length of these eighteen Parliaments. This is the sixth, and not the eighteenth Parliament, and it is really amazing that sn:h a mistake should have occurred. One would have thought that when he had worked out the division sum, and found that if this were the eighteenth Par- liament, the first seventeen could have only lasted six- teen months on an average, the reporter would have bis error immediately. The first was elected 183, 1841; third, 1*4?; fourth, 1852; fifth, 1857; sixth, 1.35& I BURNING GERMAN OFFICERS IN SCHLESWIG !— At four o'clock I heard the magnificent band of the Saxon regiment stationed here, playing a funeral march (says the correspondent of the Morning Star). A xninute afterwards the solemn procession began to pass niy window, and I put on my hat and coat, and went oi*|. to join the procession..Besides the band of sixty performers, the train of mourners included a whole battalion of Saxons and a company of Prussian in- fantrjif. "Behind these came two funeral cars, bearing four coffins, the black paint on which was not yet dry. L pon the coffins lie wreaths of laurel and bay, and immortelles, besides the kepi and the swords of the fallen warriors. Behind the cars walk a large number of officers-Austrlan, Saxon, and Prussian—together with four of tha servants of the deceased officers. As the procession passes through the town, thousand): of citizens and military line the streets and join the tram. At length we arrive at the cemetery outside the fortifications. The band ceases to pi. v the coffins are laid on the boards over the sxave— a Homan: Catholic priest, in his robef, reads the Latin burial service—the Saxons fir4,, three volleys of blank cart- ridge from their rifles—th,? coffic s are lowered into their last resting-place—the officers present approach and cast each a handful of dt,ISt into the grave-and the ceremony is over. STBAST SCENE IN NEW YORK.—A New York paper relates that one evening last month even Broad- vay was startled by hearing the report of a. pistol, by seeing the frantic efforts of fehe man who fired the shot to escape from the person. fired at, who, cocked revolver in hand, rushed acrospf, the carriage way, through the crowd, knocking evei,-Y one in his way aside very unceremoniously, evidently determined to summarily punish his would-be murderer. Hia career was suddenly arrested, however, by Lieutenant Whit- taker, who seized the infuriated man,' jard wrenched the pistol from his hands. The affair happened un- observed by the police. The fact was that a negro, who had cr -9#t« from the Park to Murray--tr^et, was seized by a boa-y-broker, and in self-defence b\-&v a pistol, discharging it twice at his assailant. The balls did no injury, but one passed through the breast of the coat of a citizen. The negro escaped, and ran among the omnibuses to evade the broker, who. with pistol in hand, gave chase. The latter in his excitement received ever,, injury by colliding with an omnibus, but continued the chase until arrested in his career by Lieutenant Whittaker, as above stated. The negro continued on and made good his escape. HISTORICAL HINTS !-The feud between Frede- i rick the Great and the Empress of Austria brought the French again across the Rhine, and for seven years Germany was assisted in the work of desolating her own territories by Russians, Frenchmen, and English- men (says the leading paper). The discord between Austria and Prussia offered them successively as vic- tims to the first Napoleon and so thoroughly did he subdue the spirit of this great people, that Austria and Prussia submitted to march the one on his right wing, the other on his left, to the invasion of Russia, their former friend and ally. Germany now only speaks of the War of Independence, but it is well also not to forget the events of those melancholy years which pre- ceded it, when the smaller States of Germany formed themselves, under the leadership of France, into the Confederacy of the Rhine, and the nation was trampled on without remorse by the heel of a victorious ad- versary. RAILWAY ACCIDENT IN FRANCE.-In the late collision at Arras (says the Goumer du -Pas de Calais) the express train received the greatest injury. A luggage-waggon was driven up on the tender, and the next carriage, from the violence of the shock, was carried to the top of both. The next carriage was saved, owing to the rupture of the coupling-irons. The guard of the train was found lying on the coals in the tender horribly crushed. The engine-driver had one of his legs broken in jumping from the machine. The first carriage contained six passengers, only two of whom were injured. One, an Englishman) had his thumb amputated, and then went on to^Calais. M. Ignace Bauer, belonging to the house of MM. de Roth- schild, bad his legs jammed in between the carriages, but was after some time released with only a violent sprain. Among the other passengers were a son and daughter of Baron Lionel Rothschild, and both escaped uninjured. No one belonging to the goods train was injured. Fortunately the two trains were not moving at a rapid rate, or the consequences would have been frightful. The line was again free for circulation after a delay of about an hour. LONDON GROWING UPWARDS.-As it is evident that We cannot spread out our ordinary dwellings en?Ar' oa account °f the high value of building xi we are necessarily driven to the extension of tiwra! ? upwards (says the Builder). This has now vate vckWi xe<^ Principle with our builders, and all pri- the endless new streets, terraces, and 1 ipfl TO;;geWia, Tyburnia, and A^estbournia are acc k e*tra floors of bedrooms thus affording sleep g jaodation more in accordance with our presen^ comfort, propriety, and beahh. The externa' u.r<: is made to agree (more or less) with the in v -J"P°rtance imparted to the building by its superi i, and thus it is that the new house m ^cVn„T s e,en made tn overtop all its fellows, while the ^Kham Hotel will soon afford a far more strikiDg P of a similar tendency in our modern street architecture. OUR MACHINERY.—a contrast does the work of the mechanists of trie present day present to those of a hundred years ago isays a writer in Once a Week) 1 At that time, a8 Mr. omues observes, an engine of any size, when once erected, required the constant attention of the engineer, who almost lived beside it in order to keep it in working order, such was the friction of its r>arts and the clumsiness of its .\t the "uresenfc time, v*r. alTOost I absolute perfection of working ia obtained. VV htn tee I 5$Q0 piecea of tho wariiM 0D8UW cwwgn.«<3 for the Warrior were broiight together from the different shops of the Messrs. Penn, althoug workmen who built them up had never seen them before, yet such was the mathematical accuracy of their fit, that immediately steam was-got up theylbegan working with the utmost smoothness. As a new-bom child, as soon as it enters the world and expands Its lungs, begins to stretch its limbs, so this engine, immediately steam began to expand in t cylinder* at once exerted its huge members with the smoothness and ease of a thing of life. A LADY WITH BROWN HAIR WANTED The following is from the Manchester Examiner A gentleman, aged 40, foreigner, in tolerably good Ct). cumstances, wishes to meet with a young English over 24, good figure, lady-like manners, brown hate, domestic habits, and amiable disposition, and to hav^suffi y or income to supply her own demands. Money hiehl$ object, if the other qualities suit. 2*one, uiJess higniy respectable, need to answer.— Address confide E. H., Post-office, Alexander-place,; B^ptonnnTXe does cannot answer letters to initials only. Ph consent of not deliver (post-restant) such letters, excep y the postmaster. THE BATHS OF PARIS.-M. de Cormenm, pre- sident of the society for supplying cheapwarmbatha to the children attending the Infant and Communal schools of Paris, has just addressed to the Prefect of the Seine a report of the society's proceedings during the past year. He states that the working classes have eagerly availed themselves of the advantages offered by the society in giving a warm bath to chil- dren at 15c. each, which is exactly half the cost, the other half being paid by the city. The number of baths given during the ten years of the society s existence is 316,058, or nearly 32,000 yearly. The total sum paid during the ten years by the persons taking baths amounts to 41,012f. MARRIED, BUT NOT MATED !-A connubial war of wash-bowl" is thus described by the New York correspondent of the Boston Evening Gazette:- A fashionable married couple, uptown, so the story goes, quarrelled, a few mornings since, and the irate wife, by advice of her parents, has sued for a divorce. The case is only noteworthy from the ridiculous cause of the quarrel. One morning, it seems, the husband washed himself, as usual, in the bowl used by both; but the lady, for some reason, re- fused to use it that morning, and rang the bell for another. It was brought, when the indignant husband flung it violently to the floor, breaking It to pieces. The wife thereupon called him hard names, when he locked the bedroom door and in- sisted that she should use the bowl. She vowed that she wouldn't if she went with a dirty face for a week. He swore that she should; and so, filling the bowl, he seized her hands, and using sufficient force, washed her face for her. He then unlocked the door and went to his business, while she went to consult a lawyer, and the suit was commenced. If Incom- patibility of temper were sufficient ground for a divorce, we should require a Divorce Court to attend exclusively to dis- solving the marriage tie. ADVICE GRATIS — Lord Russell's Foreign Office "piece" has had a long run; but there are symptoms that the audience is growing tired, and if the noble lord does not play a little better, it runs a risk of being damned (remarks the London Beview). Dis- guise the unpalatable fact as we may, the English nation has twice within the last six months had the mortification to see its almost menacing remonstrances treated with cool contempt. This succession of good things leaves a very bitter taste in the mouth. Pill over-night in the Polish affairs is followed by a pill in the Danish business the next morning and all our de- sire to believe the treatment scientific does not prevent us from thinking it unpalatable. THE CONFEDERATE LOAN.—Ths Civil Tribunal of Paris has just given judgment in an action brought by MM. Erlanger and Co., bankers, at Paris, against M. Carteret, to recover a sum of 10,000f. advanced to him on the 23rd of February, 1863. The plaintiffs grounded their demand on a receipt signed by Carteret in the following terms:— I acknowledge having received from M. Erlanger the sum of 10,000f., payable whenever demanded. The defendant pleaded that, instead of being the debtor, he was really the creditor of Erlanger and Co. for the sum of 1,875,000f., due to him as commission for having procured them the negotiation in London of the loan of 75 millions for the Confederate States of America, by which Erlanger and Co. had cleared 13,500,000f., and that the 10,006f. was only the first instalment of his commission; besides, it was altogether contrary to banking usages to make advances on a mere receipt. He also stated that a suit was now pending before the English courts for the recovery of his commission, and that he had given the receipt in question because the money was advanced before it was absolutely certain that the arrangements for the loan would be brought to a satisfactory conclusion. The counsel for the plaintiffs maintained, on the contrary, that the money advanced was really a loan, as shown by the terms of the receipt, and that there was nothing serious in the suit alleged to be pending in England. The Tribunal, however, decided that explanations given sufficiently established the fact that the 10,000f. were not ;a loan, bat an instalment of the defendant's commission, and accordingly unseated the plaintiff's demand with costs. AN INCIDENT OF HIS EARLY LIFE.-At the annual dinner of the Dramatic and Musical Sick Fund, the other day, Mr. Buckstone, the celebrated comedian, said that, in his early days,— Being at Folkestone, the manager failing to pay salaries, and ultimately leaving us there, to live upon nothing but cod sounds, I had to consider how to get to London. A coasting ship was about to leave for some wharf in Tooley-street. The captain, or skipper, offered me a berth in the hold, containing a cargo of leather, where, with a hide rolled up for my pillow, and two mere for my upper and lower blankets, I managed to sleep somehow, although in that instance I could not say There was nothing like leather." (Laughter.) MYSTERIES OF A FRENCH CHATEAU.—The Echo de l' Oise states that when the legal authorities last week removed the seals which were affixed at the Chateau of Soupiseau, near Compiegne, on the death of Baron de Forestier, they found that the drawers and cupboards in certain rooms had not been opened for years, and that some of them were filled with linan half decayed, and everything thickly covered with dust. There have been found in soYne drawers, in the midst of papers and objects of no value, and in the pockety of the clothes of the baron, a sum of 100,000f. in gold and bank-notes, a cheque for 50,000f. on the Bank of France payable to bearer, and dated more than five yeanFfeack, and also fifty-eight bank shares, representing at the present price a value of 191,400f. There aTe in the chateau rooms into which the servants have never entered. At a eecond door of a dressing-room which opened on a secret staircase was fixed an old flint. lock pistol loaded, but all covered with rust, and wires were attached to the trigger so as to discharge the pistol if any attempt had been made to open the door. It was in one of these rooms that a quantity of objects of art <1 curiosity, consisting principally of ancient £ nd •i n; arms, were found. In a drawer of a secretaire was found a will in wireh the deceased bequeathed all his property to his father, but as the latter has been dead for several years, the document is invalid. ROMANTIC DISINTERESTEDNESS.—Dr. Burney, in his tour, when speakiag of the once-celebrated Signora Tesi, records a very remarkable instance of disinterestedness in her refusing a splendid offer of marriage. The means,. also, which she adopted to deprive herself of the power of yielding to her lover's solicitations were not less singular. He says The great singer, Signora Tesi, who was a celebrated PM- former upwards of 50 years ago (1773), lives here (Vienna). She is now more than eighty, but has long quitted thr^tage. She has been Vtry sprightly in li-r day, and yet is at present in high favour with the Emprr P-, Queen. Her story is somewhat singular. She was connected wHit a certain count, a man of good quality and distit ..1<£1. whose fond- ness increased to such a degree as to determine him to mairy her I-a much more imccmmiM resolution in a person of high rirth on the Continent Hi an In England. She tried to dissuade him enunciated all -the bad consequences of such an alii mew; but he would list*, n to no reason nor takp .My denial. Finding all rnmon»tr«nct« vain, she left him one morning, went into a neighbouring street, and, ad- dressing he-self to a poor labouring man, a journeyman baker, said she would give him 60 ducats if ho would marry her—not with a view to their cohabiting together, nut to serve a present purpose. The poor man readily consented to become her nominal husband. Accordingly they were formally married; and when the count renewed his solicita- tions, she told him it was now utterly impossible to, gtant hia requMt, for the was already the wife of another—a sacrifice she had m ule to his fame and family. AN ECCENTRIC DANISH GENERAL.— Three Prussian officers went to General de Meza, at Scbles- wig, to announce to him that he woald'be attacked on the following day if he persisted in not evacuat iuk the town, "fejchleswig ia Danish gr nrnd,replied the general, and the last Dan«j, will perish there rather than retire. My reply is, therefore, a formal No. But," added there is no reason, because we shall fight to-moi i >w, that we shall not dine together to-day. You are my guests, and you must allow me to offer you a place at my soldier's table."—"Thank you, guru i.il, Lut we cannot accept."—" Really! Well, then, i make you my prisoners, and, as such, I must feed you. Hollo Guards exclaimed the general, with a halt-comic, balf-tragic accent, which would have done honour to a first-rate actor. The officers bowed with a smile; the guards did not make their appear- ance and the party dined gaily, drinking h rench wines. The following morning one of the officers fell dangerously wounded by a Danish ball. De Meza is described as being, in times of peace, an old dandy, who was always highly scented with eau-de-Cologne who used to go out muffled up to the eyes, and who almost fainted if he heard bad French spoken. But in the field, no one cared less for wind or weather. His opponent, Papa Wrangler," is nigh eighty, and was never seen in a cloak. THE DEATH OF GENERAL COMONFORT.-The following are the particulars of General comonfort's death :-He left his camp in Michoacan to have a con- ference with Juarez, at San Luis PotosL After this conference, on the 16th of November, he was re- turning to his camp with his staff and a small body guard, in all amounting to forty persons. On the road between Chamacuero and San Juan de los Llanos they were attacked by a force of 900 Mexicans, under General Mejia, and the whole party were killed, with the exception of one who made his escape, Senor Canedo. General Comonfort received several wounds in the head, and his body was mutilated. ONE TOUCH OF KINDNESS MAKES ALL THE WORLD KIN.-The late venerable and respected Dr. Crichton was in the gaol one morning on a message of mercy (saya a Dundee paper.) He took special note of a young woman, and on getting into the lobby he asked the gaoler about her. Oh, Doctor, that a one of the irreclaimables she's constantly in gaol; "Om her there's no hope of anything good." Ihe Doctor said Did ye ever try the lassie wi' a little kindness. "'No, sir, that would be absurd."—" Maybe, but ru trv her mysel' So returning to the cell, he clapped the girl heartily on the shoulders, and said, Ye re a guid-lookin' lass. and some day sure ye 11 be as guid as ye're bonny." The poor girl burst into a flood oJ tears, the first she had been known to shed; possibly these were the first kind words she had ever heard. kind tones of the old Doctor s voice had touched some hidden chord which had never vibrated before. They bad touched some hidden spring, and the heart flew ?LET PRUSSIA AND AUSTRIA '« TAK* OAWC 1"- The Memorial Diplomatique ascribes Austria the part of "mediators between the Diet and the Government of Denmark. It, is a rude mediation that commences wrth war; "Schleswig is cleared of the Danes," the same authority atatex, the mediation is to become what the word gene- rally implies (the leading journal remarks). ihenf-go, tiations are again to commence on terms whicn, 11 correctly describe, will of themselves be the strongest <x>ncleinnatioTi the war In" yet rewty-d. Not- ot.<>p>>u! I will have beta gained by figh;mg fat was not equaUo boton the ownpwgo twgao. • • • lap fighting has not made the suggestion better now than when it was offered originally. The longer the war continues the mbre impossible it becomes to find any rational or plausible excuse for having begun it. The Powers who have carried it on have gained no political credit with Germany by their exaggerated zeal, the sincerity of which is more than stispected, and they would do well to put ah end to the conflict as soon as possible, whether the Danes are shelled put of the forts on the Duppel heights or not. An ominous hint that the Imperial Guard is about to be massed on the eastern frontier of France ought not to be Wasted on Prussia and Austria will probably be soon reminded that there j are other nationalities at least as disaffected, and with at least as good grounds of complaint, as the German element in Schleswig-Holatein. A SCOTCH SUNDAY.—At a recent meeting of the Free Church Presbytery of Arbroath, it was re- I mitted to a Committee to inquire into an alleged desecration of the Sabbath by means of large numbers of persons, chiefly young, making a public promenade of the High-street on Sunday evenings. On Monday the matter was taken up by the civil powers, in the form of the police commissioners of the Dorough. Mr. D. Johnston and several other members made some strong statements as to the conduct of boys in the streets, particularly that there was a great deal of profane language used. Mr. A. Macdonald opposed the interference of the police in such a case as this. It was admitted that most of the people who made use of the High-street on Sunday evenings were respectable, and had been at church at the ordinary diets of wor- ship. He did not think the police had any right to interfere with people who were going on the street quietly. Mr. Macdonald, however, stood alone in his opinion; and after a somewhat sharp discussion be- tween him and Mr. Johnston, the police superintendent was instructed to keep a look-out on the boys and girls on the High-street, and to keep the street as clear as possible on Sunday evenings. The superintendent said that last Sunday evening he had an additional policeman on this beat, and that his services would bd continued. PRESENT FROM TRE PRINCE OF WALES.—The Prince of Wales has sent to the laboratory of Cam- bridge University, Massachusetts, a copy of the photo- graphs of the Samaritan Pentateuch taken during the "visit of his Royal Highness to Nablous. In presenting this gift the private secretary of his Royal Highness writes The Prince ef Wales desires me to add that he will always be glad of any opportunity which may enable him to evin-i in however slight a manner, the lively sense which he entertains of the kindnesg and hospitality he received during his visit to the United States, and that, with these recollections, he cannot fail cordially to reciprocate the wish to which you have given expression, that nothing may occur to interrupt the friendship which ought ever to subsist between the old country and the new. A SINGULAR VERDICT.—A child, aged four, died, the other day, in St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, from drinking boiling water out of a kettle. The jury having long deliberated over their verdict, the foreman declared it to be the following :— That the deceased destroyed her own life by drinking out of a certain kettle of boiling water, and that her death was not accidental, but that the deceased was of such tender age that she was not aware of the consequences of her act. The coroner said that, up to the present time, the verdicts in such cases were always to the effect that the death was accidental. This was the first case in which a jury had decided otherwise. The jury said that the occurrence was not accidental, as the child intentionally drank the water. Ignorance of the fact that the result would be fatal did not constitute the occurrence accidental. The coroner said that, when the act could not be said to be wilful, it was generally held to be of an accidental nature. A FRENCH VOLUNTEER FOR POLAND.—The military tribunal of Montpellier has just tried a sub- lieutenant named Didier on a charge of having been illegally absent from his regiment. In April laat he left France to take part in the Polish insurrection, after addressing in the usual manner the resignation of his commission to the Minister of War; but this docu- ment remained in the hands of his colonel, who con- sidered it advisable, in the interest of the young man himself, not to forward it. The consequence was that on the 3rd of October last Didier was tried by default and condemned to five months'imprisonmenti for being illegally absent from his regiment. Meanwhile he had jointed Rochebrun's corps, and by his gallant conduct soon obtained the rank of lieutenant-colonel. In the beginning of December, when at Tarnopol, on the borders of Volhynia, engaged as inspector of the corps (farmee on the frontiers, he was informed that his resignation had not been forwarded, and that he had been condemned by default as above stated. He im- mediately resolved to return to France, and succeeded in crossing Galicia at great risk. On arriving in France he at once surrendered to the military authori- ties. When he appeared before the tribunal, it was objected that the judgment had become definitive, not having been opposed within the delajr fixed by law, but the tribunal overruled the objection and the trial proceeded. In his defence the prisoner stated that ke had always considered his resignation valid, and knew nothing to the contrary till informed of the judgment against him, on learning which he had immediately returned home. It appears that he successively be- longed to the corps of Miniewski, Wisowski, and Lele- wel, and was three times arrested by the Austrians. After hearing his defence, the tribunal pronounced his acquittal, to the great satisfaction of a numerous auditory. Two CLAIMANTS TO A CoppSE !—A gentleman was proceeding in a cab through a street in Walworth, London, when it was run into by a cart. The cab horse bolted, and the driver was thrown off and injured. The gentleman also jumped out, fell on his bead, be- came insensible, and was taken to St. Thomas's hospital, where he died. Documents found on him were forwarded to where they had been addressed, and the consequence has been, that two respectable females have called at the hospital, and each describes the body as that of her husband. The first said the name of the deceased was John Harvey; that he had been a com- mercial traveller, and lived with her at liotherhitlie and the second said his name was John Smith, a com- mercial traveller, and resided with her at Margate. IMITATION OF TRADE MARKS.—Importance being attached by the commercial public to the pro- tection of trade marks, now too frequently fraudulently imitated, it is of interest to notice that an interlocutor has been obtained in the law courts of Germany by Messrs. J. and R. Tennent, the well-known brewers and bottlers of Glasgow, against Messrs. Deetjen and Sqhroder, of Hamburg* who are alleged to have been fol some time in the habit of supplying several foreign markets with bottled malt liquors bearing imitations of Messrs. Tennent's labels, The court has decided, That the defendants are hereby interdicted from using, indisposing of theirmalt liquor, a label with plain- tiff's firm, under a penalty of onetbaler (or about 3s.) for every bottle so labelled and then disposed of either by defendants or by their concurrence; reserves plaintiffs claims for loss or damage sustained, and finds defen- dants liable in expenses."—The Board of Trade have also leceived a copy of a despatch from her Majesty s minister at Frankfort, enclosing the following transla- tion of article 258 of the s»*.c-VJobuie Penal Code relative to tran" «uarks, which has been recently adopted by the Duchy of Nassau:— Whoever imitates stamps or particular marks by which wares or manufactures of a particular house of business, or of a particnlar manufactory, are indicted, and whoever uses them or the label of a house of business for the purpose of deceiving the trade, is subject to a punishment of imprison- ment for a period not exceeding two months, it being under- stood that the prosecution be instituted at the instance of the house in question. This decision applies not only to natives but also to foreigners. COMMONPLACE LIFE.—The career of Garibaldi and the career of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte have alike been of a sort which reads rather like romance than sober history (remarks the Saturday Beview). We know from our own knowledge that in each case the tale is true we know from history that it is not i absolutely unparalleled; still it is something which, if it were not true, would be called utterly improbable, something which, if it had been foretold before the event, would have sounded like the wildest and most impossible of dreams. In private life everybody can supply cases. Everybody has gone through himself, or seen among his acquaintance, or at any rate read of in the newspapers, adventures quite as wonderful as any that are to be found in the pages of sensation novelists. People's lives seem dull and commonplace mainly because we know so little about them. Take your nearest neighbour, and you maybe quite sure that he.has both virtues and vices which you do not know of; his best and his worst actions are alike known to nobody but himself. If any man's life were fairly written down, if all that he really thought, and said, and did were honestly recorded, it would be almost certain to contain some strange adventures; it would be quite certain to present some curious studies in moral philo- sophy. If we turn from the ordinary life of respectable people to the records of criminal courts, we at once come across tales quite as strange, and, before experi- ence. quite as improbable, as any that the romancer could invent. AGAIN BEFORE THE PUBLIC!- It appears by an official notice issued by Messrs. Hancock, of 20, Tokenhouse-yard, and Messrs. Roche and Gover, of 33, Old Jewry, London, that, by an indenture dated February 8, 1864, Mr. Windham, "late of Felbrigg, in the county of Norfolk, but now of 3A, Upper Westbourne-terrace, in the parish of Pad- pp s dington, in the county of Middlesex," did, "for the valuable consideration in the same indenture men- tioned, sell, convey, and absolutely dispose of all his real estate whatsoever and wheresoever, and also all the personal estate in the said indenture particu- larly set forth." This is the second indenture which Mr. Windham has executed with reference to his affairs during the last three months. He is still only about 25 years of age. He has resumed the coaching business between Norwich and Cromer, under the style and title of ''Windham and Breeze," having taken a partner. COWARDICE OF AN OFFICER.—Lieut. Goad was in charge of a company of the 101st Royal Bengal Fusiliers, stationed to defend an advanced post. Another post was in charge of Major Delafosse, of the same regiment. The hillmen were advancing against Goad's mtrenchment, when he ordered his men to skedaddle, himself setting the example. Delafosse was thus left unsupported, and lost two officers, Lieut. Sanderson and Dr. Pile, and twenty-seven men. Next day the position had to be retaken. In doing it, Sir Neville Chamberlain was serious'y wounded, besides Col. Hope, 71st Highlanders, other officers, and a number of privates. Goad, it appears, ran to a safe distance, and complained of wounas. He was carried to camp, where, for fourteen hours, he feigned sleep. A forcible examination having been made, Goad was found to be unscratched. Col. Salisbury dismissed Goad by drum-head court-martial, and struck the com- pany he commanded off the roll of the regiment. The latter measure was, however, rescinded by Sir Hugh Rose, on the ground that they only obeyed orders. ATTEMPT TO MURDER.—A correspondent says that on the morning of the 8th inst. a publican in tn« town of Leitrim, named M'Donagh, ordered his ser- vant to go on some errand before he arose from his bed, and when she had gone he rose up and went down to his shop, where he armed himself with a large bacon knife. He returned to bed, his wife being still asleep, and commenced stabbing her in many places, having tho hetfnr to secure her—place* himself with ( i; vti he body HJ-.v r< thi- tio?c 1 one Pad ttab in the fcmti, aD. another ia ow groin; and in her Struggles she endeavoured tc deprive her husband of the knife, which he drew through her hand, inflicting another terrible wound. She succeeded in getting out of bed after all this, and ran into the yard, where the ruffian followed her, shouting that he would do for her; he took hold of her round the body and commenced once more stab- bing het, but she defended herself as best she could with her arms, and her screams attracted the atten- tion of some neighbours, who came over the yard wall to her assistance, but it is much to be feared not in time to save her life, of which it need scarcely be said there is but little hope. The would-be murderer when disturbed, ended his dreadful work by leaving the knife stuck in the forearm of his victim. M'Donagh made two attempts to commit suicide after his arrest; first, in the police barrack, and when taken out of that by the constabulary, he made a race for thecanaL into which he jumped, and would have been drownta but for the spirited conduct of a policeman, who promptly went in after him and dragged him out. It is believed that the couple always lived very un- happily together, and that he was jealous of her. A VETO UPON DANCING.—The Town Council of Stromness have decided by a majority that promis- cuous dancing" shall not be allowed within the Town HalL Promiscuous dancing, we suppose, means danc- ing engaged in at the same time by the two sexes. In these circumstances the council mLht as well have adopted Councillor Dunnet's amendment:— That no dancing should be allowed at all, as a ball for ladies or gentlemen separately would be an absurdity never heard of beyond the moral region of Strathbogie. THE Two TALKERS.—The following anecdote of the poet Rogers is related by Charles Dickens in reference to Mrs. Carlyle and Mrs. Procter:- You know, I dare say, that, for a year or so before his death, he wandered and lost himself, like one of the Children in the Wood, grown up there and grown down again. He had Mrs. Procter and Mrs. Carlyle to breakfast with him one morning-only those two. Both were excessively talkative, very quick and clever, and bent on entertaining him. When Mrs. Carlyle had flashed and shone before him for about three-quarters of an hour on one subject, he turned his poor old eyes on Mrs. Procter, and, pointing to the brilliant dis- courser with his poor old finger, said (indignantly), Who is she I" Upon this, Mrs. Procter, cutting in, delivered (It is her own story) a neat oration on the life and writings of Carlyle, and enlightened him in her happiest and airiest manner, all of which he heard, staring in the dreariest silence, and then said (indignantly as before), And who are you THE GREAT CRIH CON. CASE.—The case of "Bennett iI. Lusi," an action for crim. con., was heard in the Court of Queen's Bench, Dublin, on Friday. The plaintiff, the Rev. F. Bennett, is a clergyman oi the Established Church, venerable in years, whose young and gay wife, an English lady, is alleged to have proved unfaithful to her reverend spouse. The de. fendant is the son of Count Lusi, formerly Prussian ambassador at the British Court, a naturalised Irish- man, and also married. The jury found for the plain- tiff-Damages, 1000J. THE KING OF DENMARK.- As I walked lei- surely past Castle Gottorp towards the suburb of Fredericksburg (says a correspondent), a group of officers passed me, and the personage at their head was pointed out to me as King Christian IX.. King of Denmark, a spare, thin figure, in the uniform of a general officer. I had only a side view of him, and a hurried one. J saw a middle-aged man. a very little above the middle size, with brown hair, light beard, a thin, somewhat sharp, yet benevolent, distingue face. He had three, or four aides-de-camp with him, his "Hof-Marshal," as they called him, and behind him trudged, rather heavily, bis Excellency Bishop Monrad, the President of the Council of Ministers—the only man in plain clothes. AMERICAN WINTER AMUsmENTS. A fancy dress skating carnival was got up at New York last month, and was attended in the course of the after- noon and evening by 20 000 persons. A partial thaw made the condition of the ice so unfavourable, that many ladies and gentlemen would not wear their fancy dresses. Still (say the New York Timet) there were tasteful and comic costumes, among which was noticed the full di ess of the Scotch Highlander. One of these dresses was worn by the daughter of the president of the pond. The Turkish, Chi- nese, Italian, and French peasantry and different Zouave uniforms were among the fancy costumes worn. The comic ones were in representation of the boar, clown, chris- kringle, belsnichols, and a variety of others, including the dresses worn by the inhabitants of the more frigid climes. To such a degree of perfection has the healthful and in- vigoratIng exercise of skating come within the past three orjfour years, that any number of couples can be seen keeping time to the music by dancing, waltzing, &c., in a highly creditable manner. A CLERGYMAN IN GRIEF.—The U. P. Presbytery of Annandale met at Gretna on Tuesday, to take pro- ceedings in the third libel against the Rev. Matthew M'Gill, of Rigg, charging him with being guilty of the sin of drunkenness, in so far as, on the 2nd day of December last, he having drunk whisky or other spirituous liquors in excess, did enter the Sabbath schoolroomat Gretna while the Annandale Presbytery of the U. P. Church was met, and, by words and actions of a noisy and unseemly character, did interrupt the proceedings of said court, to the great scandal of re- ligion and disgrace of his sacred profession." Mr. M'Gill craved for an opportunity to consider his position. The court agreed to grant his request, and to delay taking final action until the next meeting of Presbytery. COLLECTION OF TAXES.—Mr. Gladstone's bill contains a clause expressly providing that where the bill is adopted, and the collection of land-tax, assessed taxes, and income-tax thereby transferred to the officers of inland revenue, no parish or place shall be answerable for the acts, neglects, or defaults of the collector, or liable to be assessed for any arrear or de. ficiency arising from his default or failure. The adop- tion of the bill is to be in the option of the Land-tax Commissioners of the district. INSANE PRISONERS.—Sir G. Grey's bill pro- vides, as he explained that it would, that the inquiry by two or more justices into the insanity of a prisoner is to be conducted by visiting justices, "if the prison is one to which visiting justices are appointed." Also, instead of the enactment that the two justices are to inquire with the aid of" two medical men, this bill 1 ui directs the two justices to call to their assistance" two medical men, thus making the justices responsible for the selection of the medical men. The medical men are to be persons registered under the Medical Registration Act. On receiving from the justices and the medical men a certificate that a prisoner is insane, the Secretary of State "may, if he shall think fit," direct that the prisoner be removed to a lunatic asylum. In regard to the very im- portant subject of the release of a prisoner who has been insane, the billproposesthat if two registered medical men shall" duly certify" to the Secretary of State that the prisoner "is sane," the Secretary of State shall be "authorised" to direct that he be discharged out of custody if his sentence has expired by efflux of time.
The OTHER SIDE of the QUESTION. Admiral Sartorius, writing on the recent debate on the "attack of Kagosima" in the House of Parliament, says — I have read with much surprise the condemnatory observations made by so many speakers in the House of Commons on the attack of Kagosima. They show little acquaintance with the fixed and unchangeable principles and tactics which must ever guide the prac- tice of war, whether by Beaer land. However anxious to do so, it is impossible to make the firing of shipping upon forts and batteries protecting towns and harboura 80 certain as not to permit many of the shot and shell to go over and fall into the town. in 99 cases out of 100 there will always be some motion, and the slightest motion will, of course, affect the aim from a ship's guns. To avoid the destruction of an enemy's property when no clear military object is to be gained by doing so, and to show the greatest kindness to and allay in every possible way, his sufferings and feelings when helpless and in your power, will, I trust, ever be the principle which will guide every civilised Christian nation. To be merciful to the lives and property of the enemy at the expense of our own, or for the same reason to neglect opportuKities of more readily at- taining the objects of the war, would not be consistent with reason or common sense. Should it once be known that our commanders are not to fire on batteries for fear of injuring "houses of Innocent people," those houses would soon be the receptacle of concealed troops, who would rush down upon our own men when landing to storm the very batteries upon which they were forbidden to fire. Do these gentlemen reflect upon the greater chances of failure and sacrifice of our men's lives, as well as the disgraceful results and injurious consequences to the interest and reputation of our country, such a system of warfare must entail ? On foreign and distant stations the value of the lives of British soldiers and Bailors is immeasurably increased by the difficulty of replacing them, and any morbid feeling of humanity to the enemy would be cruelty to our own men and destruction to the end and purpose of war. Will Continental nations refrain from besieging cities and towns for fear of burning the houses of innocent people ? Can war be carried on with muffled gloves and buttons on the ends of our swords?
BsnBBHane EFFECTS OF REBELLION ON BEAUTIFUL CITIES! In the news from China the lynwe correspondent gives the following interesting account of the effects of rebellion on two of the most splendid cities of that so-called Celestial Empirei Soochowïtself is in a very fair state of preservation; here and there are piles of ruins, including several palaces of the rebel chiefs which have been destroyed by the Imperialists, but such oases are the exception rather than the rule. Many of the houses now stand- ing are, however, of a very inferior description, erected by the rebels on the site of far handsomer buildings which were destroyed during the sack of the city subsequent to its capture by Chung-wang in 1858. The yamuns of the principal rebel leaders are the only buildings which can now boast of the splendour that distinguished Soochow in the days of its glory. The cost of the decorations of the palace of Chung-wang alone must have been enormous. Every particle of woodwork is elaborately carved and gilded, and the grottoes and sttmmerhouses in which the Chinese excel are brought to perfection in the grounds which are attached. The ^Jonwa^g's palace was also exceedingly hand- some, but now it is aheap of ruins. Some Imperialist soldiers carelessly ignited a heap of shell lying in the hall a few days after the city was taken the whole ex- ploded, and the building was burnt to the ground. The western suburbs are still in a fair state of preserva- tion, but those on the other three sides of the city are oompletely in ruins. Outside the east gate especially, which faces Quinsan, literally not two stones a.re standing on another. The whole has been levelled as though bv a spade, and for five miles, as far as the little town of Wai-qnai-dong, the country is covered bv a succession of earthworks. Within a wide radius from the city no cultivation is discernible, but inside the walls a few vegetable gar. dens are scattered here and there am086 the houses, and are quite a relief to the eve. In his book, entitled The Middle Kingdom," Williams assigns ten miles as the circumference ol Soochow; but am inclined to think this is an under- estimate, and that from 12 to 14 would be more nearly correct. His description of the city itself, however, w-« r>ot exaggerated. It Vfrire capture by th« "» high r«ptti»uon for the splendour of ife buildings, the elegance of its tombs, the picturesque Scenery of its waters and its gardens, the politeness and intelligence of its inhabitants, and the beauty of ita women." Those beauties are now sadly faded, and it will take years to restore the*. Theworke in ivory, iron, horn, wood, glass, Ac., for which it was one# famous, are now a reminiscence of the past. For five years it has been a mere garrison town, and has had few inhabitants save those required te supply the requirements of the soldiery in food and clothes. 1 f success continue to favour the Imperialist arms, the former prosperity of Soochowwill no doubt return, as its situation in the centre of the flilk districts must always render it the emporium of the richest trade in China but years must elapse before the people regain suffi- cient confidence to bring the land to its former high pitch of cultivation, much less attempt to restore the citv to its former magnificence. In the province of Che-keang the rebels are also being hardly pressed. Hangchow is now besieged by a large body of Mandarin troops, who are useful coadjutors in matter of outpost and garrison duty to the French and English corps of disciplined Chinese. Hanchow rivalled Soochow for its riches before both fell into the hands of the Taepings. Marco Polo declared it to be "pre-eminent above all other cities in the world in point of grandeur and beauty, as well as from its abundant delights, which might l»ad an inhabitant to imagine himself in paradise." Thus it will be seen that, in selecting the two provinces of Che-keang and Keang-su as their head-quarters, the followers of the Teen-wang showed a fair appreciation of beauty, luxury, and wealth. They have done their best to deprive the districts they have visited of these attributes; but it is to be hoped their career is now draw in e to a close, and that these two richest provinces in China will soon resume their prosperity under the beneficent influence of a settled Government.
SUFFERINGS AT SEA. A letter has been received in Sunderlandfrom Mr. N.* Coghlan, second mate of the Royal Victoria, the abandonment of which vessel was noticed in the Timet. Mr. Coghlan, who dates from Melby, Sandnei^s, Shet- land Isles, January 24, eays that when Captain Leslie decided upon abandoning the ship he put all the pro- visions into the lifeboat, in which he intended going himself. Coghlan, the chief mate, and fifteen hands went into the other boat, and it was intended that a portion of the provisions in the captain's boat should be transferred to the mate's. Night had come on, however, and in half an hour after leaving the ship's side the boats parted company. The captain had given the mate his course, but Coghlan (who was formerly a shipmaster) suggested an alteration, and they accord- ingly steered E. S. E., to make the Orkney Islands or else the coast of Norway. They had not a morsel of food on board, and not even a glassful of fresh water. Out of a pair of blankets on board they made two lug- sails, and these having been set, Coghlan addressed the men, stating that by carrying on with these two sails he had every hope that their lives would be saved, but there was one thing he desired particularly to impress upon them-they must on no account taste salt water. In five minutes after setting the two lugsails, they were "flying over the Bea at the rate of six or seven knots an hour." Coghlan mentions that two of the men dis- regarded his injunctions respecting drinking the salt water, and leaves it to be inferred that they were the same as the two whose deaths have been already re- ported. For four days and nights they persevered in keeping sail on the boat, and in addition to their sufferings from want of food and water, they were thoroughly drenched from head to foot. On the morning of the fifth day they made the islands of Foula, in Shetland, but they were all so ill that they had to be carried by the islanders from the boat to the shore. Coghlan states that his feet are swollen to three times their natural size. He speaks in high terms of the kindness of tfre people. All hands were recovering, but at the date of his letter few of them were able to walk, and he is convinced that if they had remained another day in the boat, they would all have perished. The captain's boat was more unfor- tunate. Out of 15 on board, only two were alive when they made the Shetland Islands, Captain Leslie being among those who perished.
=g=a B A CHANCE FOR GAROTTERS! A correspondent of the Daily News, under the signature of "John Bull," satirically writes:- I had the misfortune to be garotted yesterday near the King of Denmark public-house, Upper Copenhagen- street, N., in broad daylight. My assailants were Germans, if I may judge from their de«p guttural mutterings and savage onslaught. I called loudly for help, but no one came, and I soon lost my senses, purse, pocket-book, watch, hat, coat, and overcoat in the struggle-which was in the proportion of ten to one. When I recovered myself I perceived that I had been trampled in the mud and left for dead in the gutter; but, to my surprise, not only was the street full of passers by, but people were staring at me unconcern- edly from the steps of the public house. My good men," said I, when I had recovered my speech, can it it be true that you have been looking on all this time while I have been stripped, robbed, and left for dead ? Are you not aware that a great crime has been committed ?—and what would you have said had others looked on, and you had been so served yourselves ?" Very true," said one of the most prominent of the bystanders-whom I afterwards found out to be the landlord of the public-house—"but, may be, you are not aware that non-intervention has become the order of the day. We never help anybody now—no matter whose laws are broken." As is usual in such cases, there was not a policeman to be seen, far or near. I ask, it was to be expected that Englishmen should ever be found to act so towards a fellow-creature?
THE FIGHT FOR BRIGHTON! The Brighton election, which terminated in a victory for the Conservative candidate, furnishes the theme for a leader in the Times, which says:- The throne of Alexander was hardly contested with greater fiereeness than the vacant seat of Mr. W. Coningham. Brighton is supposed to be, and probably prides itaelf in being, what is called an open" borough, which means that it offers the honour of representing it as a prize to all comers. Other watering-plaoes have the same character, and the result is that an election for a place of fashionable resort is often quite a sporting affair. In the present instance no less than five gentlemen presented themselves to the electors as suitors for one vacancy. Three of them called them- selves Liberals: another disclaimed political opinions, and took his stand on the Protestant" platform; while the last and successful competitor, Mr. Moor, was introduced as a H resident," a "man of business," and withal a Conservative, Of the rest, the only one who was previously known to fame was Mr. Fawcett, Professor of Political Economy at Cambridge, whose courage and perseverance in seeking an entrance into Parliament under one of the greatest of natural dis- advantages are truly wonderful, he being sightless. The consequences of this fatal division of interest among the Liberals were of course foreseen. One compromise was tried one after another, but in vain. It was proposed that the best representative of the party should be elected by private ballot; but this scheme broke down because the asrentof one candidate insisted on including the Conservatives. Another idea was to submit a list to three Liberal members of Parliament; but this failed too. Every one of the five vowed he would go to the poll, and the last despairing hope of the few who had the Liberal cause at heart was that the unpledged voters would throw themselves into the heaviest scale about the middle of the day. The obvious effect of this impres- sion, once circulated, was to make the conflict among the Liberal candidates more frantic than ever during the forenoon; and though Mr. Dumas did retire from the contest between 10 and 11 o'clock, he had already polled more than enough votes to have secured Mr. Fawcett the victory, had they been added to the 1,454 given in his favour. Even Mr. Goldsmid's 182 would have turned the scale, and defeated the Conservative candidate so that if ever a victory was thrown away by disunion, it was in this struggle at Brighton. Like the last of the Horatii, Mr. Moor was enabled to encounter his enemies in detail, and thus to despatch them all without difficulty.
• •—Wm*—mm» Now for the moral It is just possible that Mr. Dumas may have had fair grounds for encouragement, though it would have been much better if he had made up his mind to with- draw earlier; but it is simply incredible that Mr. Goldsmid, who only polled 182 votes against Mr. Fawcett's 1,454, can ever have had a chance sufficient to justify his attempt. His friends must have specu- lated recklessly on some lucky turn, and felt a supreme unconcern as to the issue of the contest in the pro- bable event of his failure. This is not the way in which the great party which now governs the country, and would still govern it in reality, though its oppo- nents should possess themselves of office, was ori- ginally rallied and consolidated. The Brighton Li- berals divided into three hostile camps, and the Brighton non-electors doing their best by clamour and violence to show their unfitness for the franchise, suggest no very flattering picture of an "open" bo- rough such as Reformers love to imagine.
EPITOME OF NEWS. BfimsH AND ROMAN Efforts have been made to move the jury, who tried the prisoners for piracy in the case of the Flowery Land to memorialise the Home Secretary on behalf of two of the num- ber, but only one of the jury has signed the petition The others think the whole of the prisoners were eauallv con- cerned hi the murders and piracy. There^p^Tto £ every likelihood that the sentence will be carried out in its completeness on all the prisoners. A libel ewe, the trial of which has occupied the Court of Queen s Bench, in London, for several days, was brought Saturday. The plaintiff was Mr. Parsons, a director of the Hammersmith and City Railway, and the de- fendant Mr. Surgey, a stockbroker and a large shareholder mtheraUway. The defendant, at a meeting of the share- holders, had charged the plaintiff with having taken advan- tage of his position as a director to purchase land over the head of the company, and sell it to it at a greatly enhanced price. A great deal of evidence was caued on both sides. Finally, the jury found for the plain tin, with 25t. damages. A Dutchman, being called tp give a toast, said, "Here ish to de heroes what flt, pied, and died at th* 'bic battle of BuU Run—of 1 ^'—American pap*. In the Court of aueea$s BerLeh an extraordinary case has been heard this week. The eldest SOtt of Sir ffeorge Ar- mitage, a UeuUB»nt tothe navy, had been foowd guilty by a court-martial of taking: indecent liberties with a youth named De a B-noshipman on boar^ his ship. He in- dicted one of the witnesses against bttn for perjury..After hearing the case, the jury were discharged, they not being able to agree upon a verdict. "Mysteriously disappeared, A. A. G. B.,from East Mouiaey. near Klngsta* on-Thames, a young lady, age 19, fatr complexion, peouUar mark on the left cheek, brown hair, tall, and thin, spflARiI the English language with peculiar accent; dress. black silk dress trimmed with blue, white straw hat, gr»oe feat her, brown jacket, black velvet collar ana edged with ditto. Information to be given immediately t. Charles Frederick field, late chief of the metropolitan de- teoHve police, 20, Devereox-court. Temple (private inquiry pfllce)."—Advertisement in London" Times. The death of Mr. W. Hunt, the most gifted fruit and flewer painter of his day, at an advanced age, has taken place this past week; and in his loss the public must mourn the departure of the greatest master in the art of painting duTlisrht and sunHght in vivid and exquisite colontfng, and ü. onlUant detail MM individualism, that the nation POl- I sewed. I hear whispers abroad of a new cheap daily paper, with some striking features of novelty about it which must command the public attention. Its politics are to be liberal, and the intention of its conductors, in sporting lanpruagre, is "to run Mr. Gladstone for the Premiership."—Illustrated Times. The Sultan intends to send a number of yourg Christians to be educated in Paris for officers. They are to be forbidden, on pain of being cashiered, to change their religion. It is related that a French Canadian landowner died suddenly, recently, to all appearances, and was taken to the church for interment. As tne service was proceeding, nois.-s were heard coming from the coffin, the lid was taken off, and the man was found to be alive. On the following day he was able to go about. An ice machine has been erected in the Peninsular and Oriental Company's dockyard at Bombay, which can make three tons of ice daily. A young dressmaker, named Stevenson, drowned herself, near Grantham, a few days ago, because a young man had jilted her. A question for discussion at one of the leading dis- cussion clubs of the learned of London is this :—" Is the Divorce Court the cause of increased immorality in society since its establishment, or the reverse?" In 1862, 1,133 lives were lost by coal-mine accidents n Great Britain, and 105 in ironstone mines. During the advance of the Prussians into Schleswig', a whole battalion stooped their heads as a round shot passed over them. Mrs. Norton says that when the father of the late Sir James Graham, of Netherby, died, a written list of his domestics, with their various terms of service, was eiven in. The list was numerous, and the terms of service varied irom fifteen to sixteen years to over half a century—s somewhat quaint memorandum being appended, to the effect that the new housemaid was not included in the list, as 7he had only been in the Netherby service seven or eight years The Germans take a curious interest in our litera- ture, for the history of the language and literature of Wales has at once found a translator in San Marte. The book is called Geschlchte der Wcelschen Literature." It has been brought out at Frankfort, where we are also told that books in the Yorkshire dialect are being published The Board of Trade have reported to the House of Commons that the bills relating to railways in the United Kingdom ask authority for new companies to construct 2,264 miles, and existing companies 835 miles-in all 3,099 miles of new railroads. There are also 66 miles of deviation lines proposed. At the recent ball of M. and Madame Drouyn de Lhuys, in Paris, a lady personified photography, being covered from head to foot with portraits, and wearing the camera as a head-dress. A supplement to the London Gazette was issued ow Saturday afternoon, containing three dispatches from Com- modore Sir William Wiseman, respecting the conduct of the men and officers under his command in the late actions in New Zealand. In consequence of the commendations there bestowed on the omcers, the Lords of the Admiralty have promoted Commander Mayne to be captain, Lieutenants Davies and Alexander to be commanders, and they honour- ably notice some of the other officers. Among the novelties of the day are Quakers wi'h moustaches. The bearded may be frequently seen going into their house of meeting at the back of the National Gal- lery, in Lendon, and in the House of Commons there are examples. The Americans boast that they have the greatest hog upon record. He is two and a half years old, and weighs 1,2821bs. It is asserted in New Zealand letters that the Maori J; women are better shots than the men, and load with great rapidity. It is said that a-disoovery has been made of a valua- ble stratum of ironstone on the Sandringham estate, recently purchased by his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. The electric telegraph now extends from St. Peters- burg to Lake Baikal in Siberia. This year, it is expected, it will be extended along the Amoor River, whence it will be stretched to the north-west coast of the American continent. It is now almost certain that before a very long time tele- graphic messages will be sent to New York, by way of northern Europe, Asia, and America, over 20,000 miles of telegraph wire. When any inconvenient subject turned up in Lord Melbourne's Cabinet, and the question was asked, "What shall we do with it?" that wily, old political bird would i,ot unfrequently say, Can't you let it alone ?" And Lord I'. l- merston seems to have inherited the policy of the old Whig lord.-London paper. The latest style of hoop-skirts is the self-adjusting, double-back-action, bustle-etruscan, face-expansion, Piccolo- mtni-attaebmont, gossamer-indestructible, polocticomoram- It is said to be a very charm'ng thing.—Cow< Journal. It appears that the Bishop of Norwich has aban- doned the proceeding* which he commenced sgainst the Re v. G. Drury, rector of Claydon, Suffolk, for his a'leged anti- Anglican practices, which have attracted so much attention of late. The confused state of the ecclesiastical law is a. signed as a reason for this step on the part of the right rev, prelate The Danes obtain credit for their conduct from all who fought against them or saw them fight. They are saU, to be particularly good shots, and certainly in the two pi-i-,i- .ipal fights of this little campaign, at Ober Selk and Oversee, they punished their antagonists severely.-l'imes' Corre- spondent. The official report on the Lancashire distress agaia showed a considerable decrease last week on the number of the distressed in the cotton districts. The congregation attending the special services at St. Paul's Cathedral, in London, on Sunday last, wassolaige, that a considerable number of persons who arrived a tlie. doors Ofcn some time before Di\ine worship coromenceu, being unable to gain admission, were obliged to turn av. py. Negotiations are in progress with the Great Eastern Steamship Company for the employment of the ship in the laying of the Atlantic telegraph cable. The ship is admira- bly adapted for such a service, as, from her great length, there Is an entire absence of pitching. The share to be paid by Great Britain for the aboli- tion of the Schel.t toll has been fixed at 8,782,320 francs. Half this sum is to be paid on the 1st of April, 18G4, and he other half on the 1st of April, 1865. Some persons who hear everything state that, at the last Tuileries ball, Lord Cowley said to the Eupe or, You see, your Majesty, England has done everything to prevent wan" Tae reply was, "And you have succeeded famously." The Bishop of Algiers has published a pastoral letter against spiritualism, which, that prelate says, finds more be- lievers In its doctrines and practices among ultra-Catholics than among those of liberal opinions in religious matters At Stafford, the other day, two infuriated cows charged through the streets, capsizing feveral people right and left. They were killed, after several persons had fired at them, by a person who was armed with a double-barrelled gun. Mr. Sala says that he recently met Mr. George Francis Train at Philadelphia: and that Train has made a large sum of money by gold speculations, an i is coming to England. Mr. Cobden and Mr. Bright would doubtless have been exasperated to find thal. their fierceness has been wasted, as the name of Mr. Delane appears among the list of the com- pany received by Lord Palmerston the otter evening. The distressed operatives of Rochdale and Blackburn are now supplied with cast-off infantry great-coats, which can be purchased at 2s. 6d. a piece. The Duke of Brunswick has given a diamond ring-, value 10,000 francs, to the Commissioner of Po1 ice. at Bou- logne who arrested Shaw, who stole the duke's diamonds. The Parisians would like, they say, to buy the Great Eastern, and float her up, by some buoying means, to Paris. In one of the recent battles between the Prussians and Danes, Duke William of Wurtemberg had two toes shot off. A case came before the Tribunal in Paris of love- making at the window and the consequences. A young and good-looking fellow coquetted with a full-blown bu' very pleasing woman opposite. An interview took place; she de- clared herself to ba the Countess T-, with a fortune of a million and a half, which, of course, she could not touch at that moment, but wanted a loan of l,500f., which the young man gave, but lost quickly, along with the Countess. The Prince of Wales has patronised hair-brushing by machinery, having vlGited an establishment ia London for the purpose of testing the performance. A locket has been made, stndded with gems, to con- tain a small particle of the hair of !.lie mfant Prince, for a gift to the Qu.een.
THE MARKETS. MASK LANE, MONDAY. A very moderate supply of home-grown wheat was received fresh up to this morning's market, and owing to the state of the weather the condition of the produce was unsatisfactory. The trade was dull both for red and white qualities. Go d and fine dry parcels barely supported last Monday's cur- rency, but damp parcels could only be disposed of by sub- mitting to a decline in prices from this day selnilight of Is. per qr. The market was moderately supplied with mo t kinds of foreign wheat. In consequence of the recent reduction in the Bank rate of discount, holders were some- what firmer; but millers operated to a very moderate extent, at the rates current on Monday last. Floating cargoes of wheat and other grain moved off slowly, on former terms. About an average supply of English and foreign barley was on the stands. Malting qualities sold steadily, and prices ruled firm; but grinding and distilling parcels were in slow request, at previous currencies. The amount of business transacted in malt was very moderate, at late rates. The supply of oats on sale was but moderate, yet the trade was in a sluggish state, and previous quotations were with difficulty supported. With beans the market was well supplied, and the trade ruled heavy. Mazagans gave way 6d., per quarter, and the value of other kinds had a downward tendency. Peas were unaltered in price from Monday last, but the de- mand for them was by no means active. The trade both for English and foreign flour was quiet.. In the currency-of this day se'nnight no change, however, took place. Prices BRITISH. s. s. WHEAT Essex, Kent, and Suffolk, white, per qr. 42 to 43 BARLEY ..Malting. 30 to 31 OATS Essex and Suffolk 19 to 23 BEAB8 Mazagan, new 29 to 31 Tick and Harrow f 29 to 33 PEAS .English, white. 36 to 3S Ditto, gray • FLOUR English, town (per sack} 40 Ditto, 2nd town |2 to m SEED Canary perqr. 6t> 64 Carraway.percwfc J0 — Rape per 62 to 65 Hempseed .,perV* — to — METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET, MONDAY. Onlv a moderate supply of foreign stock was on offer in to- day's market, owing, k1 some measure, to the losses at sea last week—upwards of 700 sheep having been thrown over- board during the heavy gales. The demand, however, was very inactive, at previous quotations. Notwithstanding the arrivals of beasts fresh-up from our own grazing districts were only moderate, the demand for all breeds was in a sluggish state: nevertheless, compared with Monday last, no quotable change took place in prices. Tbe best Scots and crosses sold at 5s per 81b, and the general quality of the supply was good. The show of sheep wasl'^ited, but the qualit y of the stock was good. Prime Dow- and half-breds were in fair request, at full prices-viz.. ffom 58 10d to 6s per SIb in the wool Heavv sheep wor^ dull, and in some instances the quotatiMW Kave way w per 81b. Shorn sheep were is per 81b beneaththose««the wool. Lambs changed hands more freely at from » 9d to 7s 4d per 81b. There was an inc^sod sunnlv on orffer. The veal trade was In a sluggish stale st the^ate decline in value. Prices from 4s toSspcr In very little was doing, op folSter terms. PP y was moderate. iivfp* r We bave to reooit a quiet trade both for English and foreign hops. IMB supply of produce OIl offer being small, and thf3 lmportlf -ftlim but holders, are firm, and previous qu4tations are well supported. The imports last week amounted to 94, bales from Ostend 73 from DunWk, 5 from Rotterdam, 87 from Antwerp, 5 from Hamburg,249 trOIQ Bremen. and 178 from Newport. Mitt Mdli&st^ents, 120s te 190s Weald of Kents, I I to Sussex 106s tol30s; Bavarian, 105ito 168s; Belgian, 80?(o8»r American, 105s to 132s perewt. POTATOES. Foil average supplies of potatoes contluue on sale at th'^e markets, and the trade for all qualities rules heavy, the late decline in the currency. 156 sacks arrivea n o.a Boulogne last week. Yorkshire Regents, ° Flukes, 85» to 95s; ditto Rocks,46s to 60s; Scotcsn 50« to 65s; ditto Rocks, 45s to 60s; Kent and Essex itc^eats, 70s to 80s per ton. WOOL. The wool trade-both as regard* home-grown and colonial qualities-continues in a ]»st currencv is barelvsupported. arrivals of colonial pro- oWw thp riose <5 last sales have been from N-ew South WftT^a?dOU^n«I«id7e.5?8 bales; VictSia, 2,5»7 Tas- n- a ia S93 South Australia, 7/296, .Ne* Zealand, 1,078; C-ape, ii,0s-40w 1;0lIl-