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--Foreign intelligence.






j Histtllaiittins |iMipct,



NEW MEN MUST -BE FOUND FOR THE NEXT PARLIAMENT. The leading journal, in an article reviewing the position of parties at the present moment, thinks that the present state of things are partly the proofs and partly tbe indica- tions of a quiet state of politics, and seem to forebode an 1m eventful session, were it not tor the unusually menacing aspect of Foreign Affairs. The Times further says that Hit is quite possible that the events which are happening, and are about to happen on the continent of Europe, may rouse us from this relaxed and torpid state, the characteristic of prosperous times. We are just witnessing an outrageous violation of the law of nations and the rights of weaker States, which is justified, so far as we can see, by no better plea thin popular enthusiasm and a large numerical force. Such acts of high-handed violence have a tendency to create the materials of strife where they do not already exist. In the present instance the train illaid already, and at a monn'i#when a single spark is sufficient to ignite it, Austria and Prussia have deliberately lit up a vast conflagration. At a time when so many dynasties and States are in peril, it would be presumptuous to rely too confidently on the duration of a Parliament or the stability of a minister." The article thus reviews the state of parties :— If we look at the position of the Government, we find a diminution rather than an increase of Par- liamentary strength. Parties are, we believe, exactly balanced, so that the merest accident might decide the result one way or the other. It might be sup- posed from such a state of things that the position of Lord Palmerston was exceedingly precarious. He has no party majority, and yet he possesses advantages which neutralise even this capital defect. There is, in the first place, his own position, with which mere party affinities have comparatively little to do. The vigour of mind and body which he has retained at so advanced an age has placed Lord Palmerston almost alone among men 20 or 30 years his juniors. The generation with which he keenly competed in the arena of party politics has passed away and left him rather to preside over than to mingle in the conflicts of the present day. No man's pride is hurt, no man's ambition is mortiried, by the precedence ac jorded to one who has held political office with very little inter- mission for a period of 55 years, who, though a ready and correct speaker, makes no pretensions to the re- putation of an orator, and who brings apparently to the consideration of every subject calm and unpre- tending good sense and a temper always unruffled. No doubt the efflux of time has weakened one of the strongest holds which he possessed on the favour of the present Parliament. Having been elected under the auspices of Lord Derby, the House of Commons, should it become unmanageable, can be dissolved on the recommendation of Lord Palmer- ston but this power is, as we have said before, rapidly wearing out, so that the influence of the Premier is by so much weakened. But even without this external influence the position of the Government is by no means easily assailed; though the two parties may be equal in numbers, their constitution is very different. There exist, no doubt, two parties on the ministerial side of the House, holding very different opinions, but the numbers of that party which is the less warm in its support of a moderate Liberal Government are at this moment very small, and are not, if we may trust existing appearances, likely at present to increase. On the other hand, the Conservatives, with, perhaps, less difference in principle, are practically far more disunited. It is not only that a difficulty is found in bringing together the party for an attack on the Ministry, there is a certain number of highly respectable gentlemen on the Tory side who greatly prefer the first Lord of the Treasury to the leaders of the Opposition, and who, whenever a crisis arrives, are not afraid of giving effect to that opinion by voting directly against their own side. There is also a con- viction, by no means confined to the ministerial side of the House, that, taking man for man, the public offices, on the mere administrative labours of which, in quiet times, so much depends, are better filled than they would be under a complete party change. The leaders of the Conservative party have been in some degree damaged by two unsuccessful attempts during the last twelve years to take the control of affairs. New in-yi must be found, and those new men have not yet worked their way to the fiont.


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