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TO THE EDITOR OF THE ABERYSTWITH OBSERVER. THE DRAINAGE. SIR,-As many of the rate-payers of the town have had their doubts as to the sufficiency of the intended fall to be given to the new drain, question- ing very much that any less than that recommended by the late Mr. Bush would be effectual, I wrote to Mr. Jennings, of London,—a gentleman who has had 30 years' experience in sanitary matters,—to consult him on the subject, and his answer is given below. Yours, &c., BENJAMIN HUGHES. Palace WhUlj, Palace Road, Lambeth, London, S., Nuv. 21 st, 1863. DEAR SIR, -1 hope you have received the book and letter I sent you lust night. I Think if I could come to your town, I could save the Commissioners some hundreds of pounds, as I have done in many cases before. I go all over the united king- dom. My fee is ten guineas, and expences paid. This may "ppenr a large sum to country people; but if you save ten tens, and have a better job, what then? The drainage of town): is very impertectly understood. A town may be DitAINED, yet be a stinking totrn, from the improper application of the appliances necessary to the purpose. 1 hope the extent of the works I have executed will prevent you considering me vain but it is admitted I have done, and am doing, more than any man in sanitary mat- ters. After I hear from you as to receipt of book, I will write you as to street gullies, Sic. Yours truly, MR. B. HUGHES. GEORGE JENKIITUS. The following have also been received :— I'alace Road Wharf, Lambeth, London, S., Jan. 10th, 1864. nEAR SIR, -I have your letter, in which you ask me if one- sixth of an inch in 12 teet is sufficient tail tor a main drain. In reply I beg to say that no engineer would be content with so small a fall, unless his outfall ruled or c unpolled him to accept so little. Perhaps your outfall is into the sea, or some river, and the interior of the town very little above the difcharging point; and your surveyor in his desire to drain the basement of build- ln$*> interior of the town, may be comp,Ued to put up with the tall you name. If he is not so bound, and can increase the fall, for the sake of health, persuade him to increase it; for you must remember, while sewers and drains minister to our health and comfort, by conveying from us impurities that (neg- lected) would endanger if not destroy life, still the state of their surfaces, with a slug(jUhfnll9 generate gases of a most poisonous nature, which are ever striving to escape, not in the directum of the fall, but cr, towards the houses which they are in connec- tion with; hence the necessity for well trapping all drains. Per- haps your surveyor may have the means of flushing out thin sewer with a slugcish fall, but a NATDKAI. discharge is better than an artificial one, which latter may be neglected and must ever be attended with some expense. Forgive me for once more referring to the Creek pipes. I know that the surveyor to the I oplar District Hoard of Works once tried a few of these pipes. Can gum" surveyor say, why this London surveyor of 30 years' ex- perience has never used the Creek pipes since, but has ever since specified my patent pipes? I repeat, you have a sample of my pipes, call for a simple of the IS-inch Creek pipe, and judge for yourself. You would not bt.yMr.Brown'soats.befause they wereMr. Brown's; you would first require a sample. Ily the same rule, if you Imy the i reek pipes, and do not approve of them,you cannot return them. In conclusion, I would beg to say, that I have no desire to be on other than good terms with your surveyor. He has a perfect right to object to my pipes, or any other pipes; but at the same time, lie ought, for the satisfaction of the board, to show that his objections are well grounded. For two years I have never advertized my pipes; yet, my works, which are the most extensive in the country, are ever fully employed by the recommendation of tioards I have supplied; and I hope yet to number your surveyor among my friends. I am, dear Sir, your obedient servant, MR. B. HUGHES. GEORGB JKNNINGS. Palace Road WJuuif, Lambeth, London, S., Jan., 18th, 1864. DEAR SIR,-When I wrote you on Saturday I was not aware that your sewer discharged into a tidal river," or that it would be tide-locked from five to six hours every high tide. Had I been in possession of this information I should most certainly have recommended aU the fall possible, otherwise, from the gravitation of fecal and other matters, the deposit will soon ren- der your sewer foul, and impede the flow. Again, I should have recommended one of Mr. Terwick's tidal valves, which, being self-acting at the outfall, would prevent the flooding of your sewer and house drains, during high tides. If you fear your newer will not contain the storm water due to heavy rains when tide-locked, I would suggest some arrangements by which a por- tion of the storm waters should escape, as at present, without entering the sewer. By this means, with a tidal valve, the sewer might be made to contain the sewage proper during the time it was tide-locked and a portion of the rain fall. As to coming down for less than I named, I could not do so. My experience has cost me 30 years of my life; and it is worth my charge or nothing. I trust my replies to your letters will not give offence to your surveyor, whom I have not the pleasure of knowing, and whom I should not allude to but for the opinion expressed relating to my pipes, and which opinion he may enjoy, if be shows cause why all his brother surveyors are wrong in using them. I am, dear Sir, your obedient servant, MR. B. HUGHES. GEORGE JEKKINGS.


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