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RELIGIOUS LIBERTY IN AUSTRIA.I

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RELIGIOUS LIBERTY IN AUSTRIA. I We take the following account of religious liberty in Austria from the Jewish CkroniclR The progress which religious liberty has made with- in the last few years in Austria is most gratifying. To the credit of the Emperor be it said, the impulse to it is proceeding from him. At a review of theAustrian army, near Olmutz, by the Emperor Francis Joseph, he noticed a sergeant whose breast was decorated with several medals, which the bravery of this soldier in several battles, and notably in Italy, had obtained him. The Emperor called the colonel of the regiment and asked him why this sergeant, who appeared to be an excellent soldier, was still a "sous- officer." The colonel replied: Sire, in our regi- there is not a single Jewish officer; thia soldier is a Jew, and wishes to pas3 as such, and *hi« is the reason why he cannot advance." The Emperor replied: "In my army I know neither Jew nor Christian: I know only soldiers; "and he appointed on the spot the sergeant as an officer in his guard. Again, in the University of Vienna there are now four Jewish professors. When, some few years ago, a liberal member ventured to suggest in the Imperial I Council the appointment of an eminent Jewish phy- sician as professor of some medical branch in which he had particularly distinguished himself, the proposer as reminded that this was a ".Catholic university," "hich no Jew could be permitted to teach. The -tment, of course, did not take place. But the of the thorough change in policy which 'ately undergone in this respect will be the following incident which lately oc- and which we find described in -kable in it that a court at 1V punished some indivi- 1 assaulted, a Jewish %n because he w*s a iays the goveru- o be offered to itical laws. •f policy iudge in and gone by for ever-when a mtii was despised solely because he was of a faith different from our own. They do not understand, or do not wish to understand, that society has at last arrived at the recognition that it is itself responsible for the faults imputed to the Israelites, by having banished them from Hs midst for so many centuries."

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