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MR. MILNER GIBSON GIVES THE…

ANOTHER HINT TO FARMERS, BY…

I MORE AERIAL NAVIGATION!

------A CLERICAL BIGAMIST…

Ipsallitiraitts InMIijptt.

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Ipsallitiraitts InMIijptt. SOMETHING LIKE PAPER.—In a lecture de- livered at Willis's Rooms, London, by Dr. Macgowan, on the subject of Japan," he stated that in their vegetable products the Japanese are quite as rich as in their minerals a most important tree being the mul- berry, from the bark of which is made a paper that not only answers the ordinary purposes of that useful article, but serves as a raw material for the manufac- ture of clothes, umbrellas, &c., &c. Will no enter- prising wholesale shipping house obtain a supply of this extraordinary article, to astonish the market with them when free trade in paper takes place ? THE COMPARISONS WILL NOT STAND A TEST.— Sir W. Miles and his supporters talk glibly of the paper duty being only 6d. on two volumes of Macaulay (says the Times), or a halfpenny on the Cornhill Magazine, but all writers are not so successful as Macaulay and Thackeray, and many a meritorious writer and enterprising publisher would be only too happy to retain for himself the penny a-volume which he pays to the Treasury. Very often a penny a-volume is all that the writer or the publisher gets out of it. HEALTHY HOUSEs.-There are five essential points in securing the health of houses :—1. Pure air. 2. Pure water. 3. Efficient drainage. 4. Cleanliness. 5. Light. Without these no house can be healthy, and it will be unhealthy just in proportion as they are deficient. STARTLING PHENOMENON.—On Saturday night last a phenomenon occurred over the town of Drogheda which for some time struck with the deepest terror those who happened to be outside doors. The moon shone out clearly, the atmosphere was calm, and the sky was dotted over with stars, when, about nine o'clock, a rumbling noise was heard above, and sud- denly the heavens seemed to cleave asunder, when a ball of fire, the most brilliant that fancy could imagine, rolled along the blue vault, and appeared to descend with the most fearful rapidity. For a few seconds the entire town was lighted up so intensely that many fe- males shrieked, some fainted, and others ran off the streets breathless and in the greatest trepidation into the nearest shops. Anything of the kind was never known here before. It was a length of time before parties who had sought refuge in their fright could be persuaded to return to their homes. AN INJURED ANGEL IN THE DIVORCE COURT.— "Oh! dear Mr. Lamb I am very, very sure you didn't mean anything; but I have undergone so much, and words and little fancies which are nothing to a stranger's eye put me so in mind of other days, I am sure I am so troublesome to you-why should you give yourself any more pains about me ? I am sure it must be very tiresome to you, a perfect stranger, to listen to the story of my sorrows. If I have done anything wrong, or anything to offend you, I will ask your pardon on my bended knees. I won't go on with this business. I know-oh, yes, I know too-too well that all Augustus wants is my fortune. Let him have it. I have a little money left, and I can go down to Pol- dadek by this evening's train-and I will creep into the house at night, and steal away with my child-and I can live in perfect obscurity somewhere in London. Yes I can take a house near Dorset-square, or some other low neighbourhood, and take in needlework, till I have earned enough to send my child to Eton, or buy him a commission in the Guards. Perhaps, Dr. Dodge, you will be good enough to patronise me, and let me make your shirts. Indeed, I can do fine sewing very nicely. Yes, yes; that will be best-let me begone.Once a Week. A CRUSH AMONG THE VOLUNTEERS.—Descend- ing to the dancing arena at the Floral Hall (writes a correspondent), I found to my extreme annoyance I could not, in the throngs which were now closing in all directions, recover the lady who accompanied me, and whom I had resigned on entering to some of her friends. Moreover, although I had, among the 6,000 or so who had now arrived, recognised some particu- larly sylph-like partners, who looked especially bewitching in the roseate light diffused through the building, I was again disappointed by finding myself forestalled by some (despite their uniforms) ugly rivals. Lastly, to complete my misfortunes, after receiving an electrifying tap from a fan, I found to my intense disgust that it was not intended for me. However, remembering that none but a particular class of per- sons deserve the fair, I once more charged the enemy, and this time succeeded in surprising and carrying off a rich prize. But how shall I describe this bewildering scene, which now, with the crashing musical entertain- ment, in the whirling waltz, and tilted on the one side by sprightly young ensigns, or jostled on the other against inert captains, became a perfect phantasmagoria of dancing lights, and floating flowers, and glittering evergreens, and flashing eyes, and fairy gauze, and silken sheen, and snowy polished shoulders, and polished satin, and kaleidoscope colours. AH WHERE ARE THE FRENCH MARINERS?— The result of the French Navigation Laws, as Mr. Gibson pointed out, was, that while the French shipping employed in the commerce of France with the rest of the world is ridiculous, with this country it is only about half ours (says the Times). Go to Havre or any French port, and there you see ranks, double and treble deep, of American clippers, but where are the French- men? Our trade with France is somewhat less than that with Turkey, and only a fraction of that we have with the United 'States or our colonies at the Antipodes. Whose doing is this? Not ours; or, if partly ours, only in that degree because France has been deaf to all our overtures of Free Trade.. DELUDED WOMAN.—" Do you think a man is oftener taken in, in matrimony, than a woman?" "No," he replied, "I don't. I think it's the other way. As I said before, recollect it's him that proposes —in a general way, he gets spooney, goes right up to her head, and marries. Sometimes it's the gal he ad- mires, and sometimes her money or rank but he com- monly plays the first card, and leads off for her to follow suit. I say commonly, for women know how to put it into a man's head, and make him think it's all his own doings, Well, havin' made up his mind, nothing ever stops him; he flatters, not with homoeo- pathic doses, but draughts that would choke a camel; he swears as false as the feller did who deposed to knowing a fusee ever since it was a pistol, when he heard it was called a 'son of a gun.' He vows eternal love, and takes his davy he'll die of a broken heart, or drown himself, if he's refused. Men know what liars men are, but women don't; and how should a poor gal tell, who ain't permitted to look at men's faces, to see if they are stamp'ed with deceit or not ? How can she study physiognomy ? She is all truth herself (if pro- perly brought up), and confides in others. She knows she was made to be loved; and when a man vows he does adore her to distraction, and she knows that the word adoration is only applied to angels, why shouldn't she think she is one, and believe the man who adores her ? No! poor critter, she is oftener took in than the false lover is. Now, when the fraud is found out, whichever it was that cheated (sometimes both are let in for a bad bargain), and when contempt, and then hatred, and then squabblih' and fightin' comes, ain't it better for both to cry quits? The Season Ticket," in Dublin University Magazine. THE REVENGE OF A JILTED SWEETHEART !— At the York assizes Bridget Mooney has been indicted for wilfully throwing nitric acid upon Matthew Mahon, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm, at Mid. dlesborough. It appeared that the prosecutor, a young Irishman, had sweethearted" the prisoner about two years ago, since which time he had married another woman. The prisoner had been heard, a short time be- fore the commission of this offence, to say that she should like to give him a bat and knock his teeth out;" and about two days before the commission of the offence she bought a quantity of aqua fortis (nitric acid) at a chemist's shop, which was labelled "poison." She gave some excuse that she wanted it to try a ring. On the day in question she was walking in the street when she met the prosecutor with his wife on one arm and his mother in-law on the other, when she suddenly threw over him the contents of the bottle which she purchased two days before. Some of it was scattered over the dress of all three, but a portion of it fell on the side of the face and neck of the prosecutor. He thought it was hot water, and, feeling scalded and in great pain, he ran to a doctor's near, who found the skin of his face discoloured, yellow, burnt, and fuming, and the hair at the back of his head decomposed and burnt. The jury found the prisoner guilty, with a strong recommendation to mercy, owing to the provo- cation she had received. Sentence was deferred. GOOD I-The dear-priced Morning Herald" is in a delightful way respecting the repeal of the paper duties, and it puts into the mouth of an imaginary correspondent the following:— I understand on the best authority that the first cargo of rags from France, under the new system, to this country will consist of the treaties of 1815. A DISTRESSED COOK.—A coloured cook ex- pected company of her own kind, and was at a loss how to entertain her friends. Her mistress said: Chloe, you must make an apology." La! missus, how can I make it ? I got no apples, no eggs, no butter, no nuffin to make it wid." THE Two PATHS."—A medical student, in allusion to the above book of Mr. Ruskin, says "He is ia precisely the same predicament, for he doesn't know which of the two paths' to follow in his profession- whether to turn allo-path, or homoeo-path ? "-Punch. A YOUNG HAIR-SPLITTER !—"Jacob," said a father, yesterday I forbade you associating with the neighbouring children any more, and to-day you have disobeyed me. The next time I catch you there I shall be obliged to punish you." The next day Jacob was there again, totally oblivious of the interdiction until he saw his father entering the neighbour's yard with a rod in his hand. Jacob made for the fence, over which he leaped, pursued by his father, and ran home; there he was caught. Now, my son," said the irritated father, "what did I tell you I would do yesterday?" You told me, father, that if you caught me there again you would punish me." "Well," said the father. "I Hold on, father said the little reprobate, who knew that if he could make his sire laugh the matter would all be right; "you didn't catch me there—you catched me here!" The desired effect waslproduced, and the rod was dopped; but the interdiction was renewed. "If ever I see you there, or hear of your being there, no matter where I catch you, you will [catch a flog- ging." Jacob deemed it prudent not to transgress again. BRUTALITY OF A MAN, AND HUMANITY OF A BRUTE !—An incident, to which M. Le Baron de Lau- riston was witness during one of the late wars in the East, forms a striking proof of the sensibility of the elephant. This gentleman, from peculiar circum- stances, was induced to go to Laknaor at a time when an epidemic was making dreadful ravages amongst the inhabitants. The principal road to the palace gate was covered with the sick and dying, extended on the ground, at the very moment when the Nabob must necessarily pass. It appeared impossible for his ele- phant to do otherwise than tread upon and crush many of these poor wretches, unless the prince would stop till the way could be cleared but he was in haste, and such tenderness would have been unbecoming in a per- son of his importance The elephant, however, with- out appearing to slacken his pace, and without having received any command for that purpose, assisted them with his trunk, removed some, set others on their feet, and stepped over the rest with so much assiduity and address that not one person was wounded. An Asiatic prince and his slaves were deaf to the cries of nature, while the heart of the beast relented; he, more worthy than his rider to elevate his front towards the heavens, heard and obeyed the calls of humanity. HOBSON'S CHOICE !—We have heard of an old gentleman who had three daughters, all of whom were marriageable. A young fellow went a-wooing the youngest, and finally got her consent to take him for better or for worse." On application to the old gentle- man for his consent, he flew into a violent rage, de- claring that no man should "pick his daughters in that way," and if he wished to come into his family he might marry the oldest, or leave the house forthwith. RAG FAIR.-To do the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer justice, he gives proof that he sympathises with the paper-makers about the dearth of rags. He continues and increases an oppressive tax, highly likely to promote the production of rags on the backs of the sufferers.-Punch.. AERATED BREAD.-Dr. Hassall, in his work on the Adulteration of Food, devotes a special chapter to the falsification of bread in the metropolis. Out of 24 loaves, purchased indiscriminately from bakers residing in different parts of London, he found every one adulterated with alum, the degree of adulteration corresponding with the povertv of the neighbourhood in which it had been bought. Thus it is clear that the ordinary bread is contaminated with a pernicious drug. The quantity thus taken at one time is small, it is true, but its repetition from day to day cannot fail to exercise a considerable influence upon the digestive organs, especially in young children. The aerated machine-made bread does not require the addition of alum to whiten it, the energy of the kneading appa- ratus transferring even the darkest spurred flour into perfectly white loaves. The poor journeyman baker, no less than the public, will be the gainer by the application of machinery to the operation of mixing, inasmuch as it will at once lift a very clumsy handi- craft, carried on by small masters, with insufficient means, into a manufacture of the first class, necessi- tating the employment of large capital.—Once a Week. A HINT TO THOSE WHO NEED IT.—Once upon a time there lived an old couple known far and wide for their interminable squabbles. Suddenly they changed their mode of life, and were as complete patterns of conjugal felicity as they had formerly been of discord. A neighbour, anxious to know the cause of such a con- version, asked the gude-wife to explain it. She replied, "Me and the old man have got on well enough to- gether ever since we kept two bears in the house. Two bears!" was the perplexed reply. "Yes, sure," said the old lady, bear and forbear.' COUSINS' TALK.—" No, Amy, you're wrong. I never was refused in all my life." "Oh, Tom, how can you say so ? Why, there was Louie Simpson." "I tell you again, you're wrong, completely wrong. It's true I was declined with thanks' once, but I never was refused.Punch. WELLINGTON AND NELSON.—Did Lord Nelson and the Duke of Wellington ever meet ? Some thirty years ago a print was published representing Lord Nelson and the Duke of Wellington in one room. The question was raised as to such an incident being a fact or not. Mr. Henry Graves about this time asked the Duke if he, the Duke, ever did meet or even see Lord Nelson. The reply was: Well, I was once going up stairs in Downing-street, and I met a man coming down stairs. I was told that man was Lord Nelson. S:) far as I know, that was the only occasion on which I ever met or saw him." If this fact is not known, it may be worth the note made of it.- Robert RavMns&n, ,in Notes and Queries. SERVANTS' BEDROOMS.—I must say a word about servants' bedrooms (says Miss Nightingale, in "Notes on Nursing "). From the way they are built, but oftener from the way they are kept, and from no intelligent inspection whatever being exercised over them, they are almost invariably dens of foul air, and the servants' health suffers in an unaccountable (?) way, even in the country. For I am by no means speaking only of London houses, where 'too often ser- vants are put to live under the ground and over the roof. But in a country "mansion," which was really a, "mansion" (not after the fashion of advertisements), I have known three maids who slept in the same room, ill of scarlet fever. "How catching it is," was of course the remark. One look at the room, one smell at the room, was quite enough. It was no longer "unac- countable."—Florence Nightingale. CONSCIENCE MONEY.-In a fashionable town, scarcely beyond what passes as the Birmingham "district," (says a Birmingham paper), there is a highly genteel boarding establishment, at which, about a year ago, two visitors were in some inscrutable manner robbed of certain sums of money. > In the one instance the loss was fifteen pounds, and in the other something more than two pounds, the former sum being abstracted from a gentleman's writing desk, and the latter from a lady's reticule. The same gentleman had also an impression that he had from time to time missed other sums of smaller amount. Every effort was made to discover the pilferer, but without success, and the money has been in each case long considered irretrievably lost. The two sufferers have, however, just received the whole of it back in exactly the same manner as the Chancellor aforesaid is enabled to finger such goodly sums of short-reckoned income-tax. On Friday last, a clergyman living in the neighbourhood of the town mentioned received an anonymous letter, enclosing 30?., which he was requested to hand over to Mr. as the money which that gentleman had lost at the boarding-house; and on Saturday an envelope containing two sovereigns, but without a word of writing, was addressed to the lady who had been similarly victimised. We need hardly say that among the parties concerned speculation as to the thief has been rendered more difficult than ever by this act of restitution. The usual suspicions on servants or workmen are rendered out of the question by the money being so handsomely repaid, and the only possible conclusion is that the money was borrowed by some" respectable" individual who chanced to labour under a temporary necessity for the use of it. THE AMERICAN DIVORCE MARKET. The method by which divorces are obtained in the United States is illustrated by a case which had occurred in Kansas, reported by the New York Times, as follows Our correspondent in Kansas apprises us that the market for divorces on the Legislative 'Change may be quoted as extremely active. Among numerous and notable applicants was Mr. Stothers, of Washington, who married the daughter of Mrs. Gaines, of litigious fame, and sought a separation on the ground that his wife found his society disagreeable and avoided it. The evidence upon which he relied were letters from Messrs. Crittenden, Corwin, and other members of Congress, who endorsed the grievance of whieh Mr. Strothers complained and begged as a matter of personal favour that the act might be passed. A CHURCH REBUILT AT SEBASTOPOL, An Odessa paper publishes a letter from Sebastopol, which states that one of the most honourable inhabitants of that town has rebuilt, at his own expense, the church in the cemetery, which was destroyed during the siege. The correspondent adds that the fine architecture of this church, with its glittering gilt cupolas, produces a deep impression in the midst of the half-ruined monu- ments of the cemetery. The church was consecrated on the anniversary of the first bombarding of the town in 1854. The new church, though considerably larger than its predecessor, was too small to contain all the persons who came to witness the interesting ceremony. Many who fought in the last war were present, and among them Rear Admirals Kislinski and Varnitzki; Captains Komontow, Danilevski Sinitxyne. In con- sequence of this event, the High Priest Demianovitch, almoner of the cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul, who never ceased his functions during the whole siege, haa resolved to celebrate every year, on the 5th Octo- ber, a solemn mass for the brave men who fell on the field of battle. WHY SHOULD LITERATURE BE TAXED?—It may seem rather strange that in the middle of the 19th century, at a time when the Exchequer is rapidly withdrawing its heavy hand from food and raiment, so that a man or woman may live luxuriously and dress magnificently without contributing a farthing of duty to the revenue, a stand should be made against the removal of the duty on paper. On Sir W. Miles's view of the proper distribution of the national burdens, any one may eat as good a dinner as a first-rate cook can devise, in clothes of the finest material, the newest fashion and make, amid costly furniture, lights of all kinds, bronzes, pendules, and every kind of decoration, without paying a farthing; but as soon as he takes up a book or a periodical he has passed the line, and he must pay to the State. What makes it more absurd is that if he chooses to cover his walls with marble, or satin, or velvet, or to paint them, he escapes; but if he hides their nakedness with the most ordinary paperhangings at a penny a-yard he must pay. When he receives a parcel from his tailor, or his wife from her dressmaker or linendraper, the costly contents pay nothing; he pays on the coarse paper which envelopes the parcel, and Sir W. Miles thinks he ought to pay. The porcelain plate adorned by the pencil of an artist pays nothing; the willow pattern plate, or_ still com- moner piece of pottery, that has received its decora- tions through the riiedium of printed paper, Sir W. Miles would still leave chargeable to the Treasury. His reason is that the duty is very productive, without being felt by the public at large. What would he say, however, to a duty upon corn sacks, upon rick cloths, upon corn measures, and, perhaps, all agricultural implements, on the ground that the bulk of the people would know nothing about it ?-Times. THE CALCULATING MACHINE.—In November, 1857, the Lords Commissioners of her Majesty's Trea- sury authorised Mr. Schentz to construct one of his calculating machines, and after the lapse of rather more than a twelvemonth it was placed in the General Register-office for the use of the Statistical Dep art- ment, where it has since been in daily operation, and the satisfactory manner in which it turns out the most abstruse logarithms correctly worked holds forth the most sanguine expectations that it will be the means of effecting a great saving of time and labour in the public service.

A RELIC OF THE PAST.

, THE VOLUNTEER UNIFORMS.

ANOTHER SPEECH FROM SIR ROBERT…