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Ipsallattews general ftttos,


Ipsallattews general ftttos, A MOMENTOUS QUESTION SETTlED. The great rag question may be considered at an end. Lord John Russell, on Monday, replying to a question about the effect of the French Treaty on our colonial shipping, intimated the intention of the Government to use their influence with France to get the colonies of both countries placed on the same footing as them- selves. He added that the Council of Ministers had resolved on recommending the withdrawal of the pro- hibition on the export of rags. The announcement was received with loud cheers; and soon became known to knots of alarmed paper-makers in the lobby. ANOTHER SHIPWRECK.—Another dreadful ship- wreck has just been added to the long list of catas- trophes of a similar kind with which the English public have been appalled during the last few months. The Hungarian, one of the great Canadian steam ships, is this time the ill-fated vessel. She sailed from Liver- pool to Canada on the 8th,of February, and struck on the coast of Nova Scotia on the morning of the 20th ult., and it would appear that all on board have perished. A list, copied from the books of the Admiralty emigra- tion agent, shows that there were forty-five cabin and eighty steerage passengers on board the Hungarian, and that the crew consisted of eighty persons. MORE UNDIGNIFIED SQUABBLING!—Another crisis has taken place in the affairs of St. George's- in-the-East, London, for on Monday, .at the Thames Police-court, a number of persons applied for sum- monses against the Rev. Bryan King, the Rev. T. Dove, and others, for assaulting them in the church on the previous afternoon. The applicants had seated themselves in a pew, waiting for the evening service, when the Rector required them to leave, and they re- fusing to do so, force was employed. The magistrate expressed some doubt as to whether he had the power to adjudicate in these cases, as a question of right on the part of the Rector to exercise authority in the church was involved. He, however, granted sum- monses. The greatest excitement prevails in the parish, and the unhappy disputes which have given so painful a notoriety to the district appear to be no nearer their termination than ever. NEW MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.—The "Athenaeum" says :— We have not yet spoken of the new French instrument, bearing the French name of Pedalier, or, to be more correct, an addition of a keyboard for the feet, commanding deeply toned and tuned bass strings, to the piano-forte. This addition, in appearance, amounts to a screen behind the player, who sits, as in some organs, betwixt the halves of his instrument. The invention, provided the double instrument can be well kept in tune, will be of great use to organ students under caution, that a peculiar touch is required for feet as well as hands, which have to make the notes speak where sustaining power is limited. EXTRAORDINARY TltIAL.-At the Durham assizes an extraordinary cause has been-tried, being an action brought by a Mrs. Suddes, the plaintiff, as an executrix of her husband, who was killed by a gun being ac- cidentally fired off by the defendant. On the night in question the defendant, accompanied by the deceased, who was his tenant, and four other persons, went out in pursuit of some poachers. Two poachers, who were accompanied by a large dog, were taken about midnight. When they were taken a scuffle ensued, and one of the poachers set his dog at one of the party, who there- upon shot the dog. After this the defendant begged of two of the party who had guns to deliver them up to him. They gave up both their guns to the deceased, who handed them to the defendant, and he put them, together with his own, under his arm. While walking along the defendant felt the guns slip, and in endea- vouring to prevent them falling he accidentally caused one of them to go off., and the contents of the gun were lodged in the calf of the leg of the deceased. The deceased lingered a few days, and then died of locked jaw. The learned judge, in summing up, told the jury they must be satisfied that the defendant had been guilty of negligence. As to damages, they must not give out of compassion or charity, or compensation for wounded feelings, but only for the pecuniary injury. Verdict for the plaintiff—Damages, 100J. to the widow, 501, to each of the four children. THE Bu.ti.,DE it's" FmE. A correspondent writes Some time ago, the Builder drew attention to a method of laying and lighting house fires, known as "the Builder's fire." One part of the plan consists in closing the bottom of the grate with a plate of sheet-iron, and this alone will effect a considerable saving in coals. Have a piece of thin sheet-iron cut to the form of the bottom of the grate, and make a fire above it; the sheet-iron prevents the ashes falling through, and produces an equable combustion it does not deaden" the fire, which will burn as brightly and as warmly, indeed warmer, than with open bottom bars. I have continued the plan at office and house for some three years, and, therefore, have had this length of experience. Dr. Farr, of the Re- gistrar-General's Office, Dr. Southwood Smith, Mr. Graham, of East Lodge, Enfield, and many others, have also adopted the plan, and are satisfied as to the benefit and saving. I only give these names, and my own, as guarantees of the facts stated. THE IMPORTANCE OF DRILL IN SCHOOLS.— Sir Francis Head, writing to Mr. Edwin Chadwick on this subject, says :— No animal, whether on four legs or on two, can be of any use in the workshop of man until he has been sufficiently divested of that part of his natural inheritance commonly called "a will of his own." What's the use of a cow if she won't allow either man or maid to milk her ? What's the use of a horse if he won't put his head into a collar, or suffer a saddle to be placed on his back ? In like manner, of what use to the community is a man, in any rank of life, if he re- fuses to practise the heraldic motto of the Prince of Wales, "Ich Dien,l serve"—in short, if the fellow won't obey?" Illustrating his. argument by a reference to Mr. Rare j's system of horse taming, Sir Francis says :— The dull-sounding but magic little words of command, "Eyes right. "Eyesleftl" "Eyes front!" Right turn "Left turn!" "Right about turn!" "Left about turn!" "Quickmarchl" "Halt I" "Stand at ease!" Attention &e., instil into the minds of a lot of little boys the elements, not of war, but of peace. Instead of making them ferocious, to use Mr. Rarey's expression, these words gentle them, until, by learning to be subservient, not to their own, but to the wills of others, they become fit in every possible de- partnlent to serve their country. On entering the Foreign Office, Home Office, the Church, the counting-house, the manufactory, or the farm, in which they. desire to labour, their habits of obedience would prove so beneficial to their employers, as well as to themselves, that I feel confident if a system of drill be once adopted in our public and private schools, a tall, undrilled young man, like a .raw, unbroken horse, would by the generality of dealers be considered "unserviceable." THE RESULT OF A TRADE OUTRAGE.—It will perhaps be recollected that in August last a non- unionist saw-grinder at Sheffield, named Linley, who bad been the subject of several previous trade outrages, was shot in the left temple while drinking at a public- house. The bullet, a very small one, lodged in the fatty substance behind the eye, and could not be ex- tracted, and the police failed in making out a case against a man named Brown, who was apprehended on suspicion of committing the offence. Linley recovered sufficiently to be able to resume work after several months; but he was never well. For some weeks he has been suffering from fits, and he died last week, death having, it is believed by his medical attendants, resulted from the bullet having lodged in his head. MACAULAY AND MRS. BEECHER STOWE.-Not- withstanding Macaulay's reputation for conversational power, he appears to have uttered few bon mots, to have made few conversational points which are re- peated and remembered. One of the very few good stories current of him is the following:—It is said he met Mrs. Beecher Stowe at Sir Charles Trevelyan's, and rallied her on her admiration of Shakspeare. "Which of his characters do you like best?" said he. Desde- mona," said the lady. Ah, of course;" was the reply, for she was the only one who ran after a black man." BREACH OF PROMISE.—At the Midland Circuit assizes the case, Norcote v. Eyre, has been tried, being an action to recover damages for breach of promise of marriage made by the defendant, a hatter and draper living at Peterborough, to the plaintiff, who kept a millinery, Berlin wool, and fancy toyshop in the same town. The defendant pleaded the general issue. The defendant, who had long been acquainted with the plaintiff, began in 1858, with the consent of her mother, to pay her marked attentions, and subse- quently in the same year made her an offer of marriage, which was accepted. This engagement led to the plaintiff's disposing of her business and stock, which was done by the defendant's advice, and with some sacrifice. A wedding-dress was bought, and wedding- cake made. Ten week* after the offer of marriage the engagement, for what cause did not appear, was rudely broken off by tho defendant. The plaintiff did not, however, press for vindictive damages. The jury made the faithless swain pay 501, for his fickleness. THE ENGLISH COAL F.iELDS.—Mr. T. D, Ansted writes to the Times to point out that our coal must last 350 years at least at the present rate of consumption. We have, he says, 6,000 square miles of coal fields. Now, as an acre contains 4,400 square yards, and a cubic yard of solid coal weighs nearly one ton, there thus appears to be 24,200 tons of coal per acre of coal lands on a general average, but as a large quantity of coal in every coal-field is, from various causes, not obtainable, and another large part is lost by the ordinary mode of extraction, we cannot calculate on more than one-third of this, say 8,000 tons per acre, as the quantity that can be removed and sold. This would give about 5,000,000 tons of coal for every square mile of coal lands. The annual consumption of coal at present in England cannot be less than 80,000,000 tons, and thus we are now exhausting about sixteen miles of coal lands each year. Estimating the area of coal lands at 6,000 square miles this would give a duration of rather more than 350 years." THE VALENTINE TRADE.—A London house has given some curious statistics respecting valentines. Some of their productions are real works of art, and are as high as 31. 3s. To protect them in going through the post they are enclosed in a light box. Some con- tain miniature wax babies, others little wicker baskets of flowers. Some very pretty ones, embossed and perforated, are supplied to the trade at about a half- penny. Some are moveable. One young gentleman, for instance, is tugging away with a comb at a great mop on his head, and others, by moving a strip of paper, show the real disposition of the character pre- sented. Some idea may be formed of the extent of this branch of trade, when this house alone have several hundred varieties, and each season, altogether, send out nearly a hundred thousand. The total value of valentines produced is said to be 10,000l. per annum. THE BEGINNING OF FRIENDSHIP.—Once in America a clever and candid woman said to me, at the close of a dinner, during which I had been sitting beside her, "Mr. Roundabout, I was told I should not like you; and I don't." Well, ma'am," says .r, in a tone of the most unfeigned simplicity, I don't care." And we became good friends immediately, and esteemed each other ever after. -Co)-akill Maga- zine. THE MARRYING SEASON!—The "Irish marry- ing season," (says the Nenagh Guardian) which closed on Tuesday last, has been, this year, more than usually successful, much to the advantage of the Roman Catholic clergy, the benefit of grocers, butchers, bakers, &c., and the delectation of wedding-goers. The middle classes, particularly, made a first-rate turn-out of it, and seldom within the same space of time have so many of their numbers fallen willing victims to the artful wiles of Cupid as during the last month. The Lotha- rios, too, have been most liberal in the payment of the marriage fees, and many a "good Father" buttoned his pocket upon a 201, or 301. note, after performing the ceremony, as a reward of his kind services.