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JHisfflfonfiins .4,


JHisfflfonfiins .4, REMEMBERING HIS SERVANTS.—Lord Holland's will, which from particular causes has been much delayed, and which has excited the interest of the public, has just been proved in London. It was executed by his lordship the day before his death, and runs thus:— He leaves everything "to the will" of Lady Holland. To his Royal Highness the Duke d'Aumale he bequeaths a portrait of Prince Talleyrand to his Imperial Highness Prince Jerome Bonaparte he bequeaths the portrait of the Emperor Napoleon, by Gerard. To Mr. Latham, his medical attendant, 3001. a-year; to his valet 100L a-year to his butler 50Z. a-year; to his cook 601. a-year; to his head gardener 401. a-year; and one half-year's wages to all his servants respectively. The personalty was sworn under 50,000?. HANGED BY MISTAKE !-A remarkable case of hanging has occurred in Worcester. A shoemaker's ap- prentice, named Graves, a native of Droitwich, has hung himself by a small piece of cord in the workshop of his master, Mr. Box, while his fellow-workman was employed making wax-ends, and with his back towards him. Graves was of a peculiar disposition, sometimes obstinate and sullen, at others full of frolic and inatten- tive to his work. With a view of frightening the man Wall, his companion, he has frequently shammed death, layin,- himself in a rigid position on the floor, until he was picked up. On this occasion he went from the shop into the yard, and returned with a piece of sash line, remarking to Wall that it was long enough to hang a fellow. Wall desired him to play no pranks with it, but Graves, it seemed, while Wall's back was turned, fastened the cord by a noose round his neck and tied the other end securely to a nail in the wall, about six feet and a half from the floor. Wall heard a bustle, but took no notice of it; but on looking round him, in about five minutes, he was horrified at seeing Graves hanging from the nail, and on rushing to him to cut him down, he found he was dead, but warm. Medical aid was instantly procured, but it was of no avail. An inquest was held on the body, when the jury were of opinion that the deceased had hung him- self accidentally, and a verdict to that effect was returned. IMPROVEMENT IN LIGHTHOUSES.—Upon the South Foreland, which masks the southern extremity of the Goodwin Sands, there has been a lighthouse from the days of Queen Elizabeth up to the passing hour. It seems difficult to believe, in these days of scientific progress, that as late as 1793 the only light that served to guide mariners past the sea of tribulation below this headland came from coal fires, burnt in an open grate upon the summit of a tower. In fact, the same con- tnvance that served from the days of Ptolemy Phila- delphus, 300 years before the Christian era, down to the T invention of Argand lamps and magnifying lenses— viz. a pitch pot, or an open grate with a wood or coal fire—was the simple means by which the rich vessels, London bound, from all parts of the earth, were guided past the southern tail of the Goodwin Sands as late as 1793 We now know that the luminous beams flung across the Channel from England to France from this light house is done nightly, as easily as a gas-lamp flings its ravs across a street. e believed, indeed, that phareology had reached perfection, Some recent experiments have nevertheless been tried with the magnetic light. Eye-witnesses describe the magnetic light seen from the sea, as intense, like a little sun, and like that luminary it sets from the convexity of the earth. At 30 miles it does not appear to be the least dimmed, and it even penetrates haze and fog so as to indicate its "whereabouts." Although the light itself is only a "spark of about a quarter of an inch long, it is too vivid to be stared at with an unprotected eye. Seen through black goggles, a beautiful cone of light may be observed falling from the upper carbon to the lower, very different in intensity to the glare of a murky coal fire, or even the luminous band of light from a reflector. AN EMIGRANT SHIP WRECKED.—The reported catastrophe to the American ship Luna,bound to New Orleans, with a loss of upwards of 100 lives, on the rocks off Barfleur, near Cherbourg, last Sunday, is unhappily confirmed. The loss took place about mid-day. For hours previously the ill-fated ship was seen off the coast, baffling with a gale of wind, till at length she appeared to become unmanageable, and was driven on to the rocks about 200 fathoms from the shore, where she speedily became a total wreck. Her perilous position was observed by the people on shore long before she struck, but owing to the terrible sea rolling in, it was utterly impossible to launch a boat through the surf to go to the ship and her living freight, the whole of whom, numbering 107 persons, perished. Two only reached the shore alive one of them died almost immediately afterwards. The survivor, an Italian, named Clement, was unable to give any satisfactory details of the loss of the ship for two or three days afterwards, owing to his greatly exhausted condition. He says the ship sailed from Havre on the previous day (Friday), and that there were on board 75 passengers, of whom 47 were men, 27 women, and one child. The crew mustered 26 hands, besides a French cook for the passengers. The captain saw his imminent danger when off Barfleur, and at- tempted to beach the ship on a sandbank situate be- tween Barfleur Church and the lighthouse, where there might be a chance of saving the passengers, but in run- ning for it the violence of the gale and heavy sea drove her on the rock, where her destruction followed. The coast is strewn with the wreck. Many bodies have been washed up. A VOICE FROM LEEDS ON THE TREATY.—Coal is a thing too much needed in France to leave any doubt as to the demand we shall have before long from that country (says the Leeds Mercury). But this is just the thing that alarms many good people in this district and in Parliament. Oh, say the machine- makers, if they get coal for themselves and iron for themselves, they will find it cheaper to make their own tools and machinery than to import them from this country. So, too, the manufacturers of woollen and linen yarns persist in maintaining that it is impossible for them to compete with the French in their own markets, when our coal is admitted free, whereas our yarns are subject to a duty possibly of 25 per cent. There is, undoubtedly, much force in these objections. Labour also is cheaper in France than it is here, and the advantage of this item will doubtless be with the French manufacturer. But, on the other side, let it be borne in mind that the duty on pig or bar iron will be, or may be, as great as that on manufactured iron, so that the advantage of the French manufacturer will be diminished in proportion to the cost of raw material to the cost of the manufactured article. This may not be much, but it is something, and in certain cases may turn the scale of cheapness in our favour. Again, although labour is at present lower in France than it is in this country, if the French are to supply themselves with their own machinery, they will have to pay for labour at least as high as we should have. Either France cannot produce so fast as to beat us out of the field, or she must acquire the power of producing so fast by paying very highly for a class of workmen who are at present very limited in supply. The result of intro- ducing English manufactures into France will be to introduce English wages into France, and thus to destroy any advantage the French manufacturers might have over our own on that score. REVIVALS.—No other cure than the Gospel has been discovered for the great moral malady wherewith man is afflicted. Anything which awakens men from their sleep, calls them from the service of mammon or of vice, breaks up their apathy, brings them to the house of prayer, opens their ear to the Word of God, and leads them into the presence of things eternal, in- visible, supernatural, and divine is by all suitable means to be countenanced. God forbid that in the midst of the devotion of our generation to gold, and of its for- getfulness of eternity, any who step aside from the whirl of business, pleasure, and vice, to listen to the call to repent and seek the kingdom of God, should be ridiculed or discouraged Let us only demand that they be directed out of Grod's word, and judge all revival- movements by that unerring- rule of heavenly wisdom_ by their fruits ye shall know them.—Quarterly Heview. YOUNG LADIES IN THE COUNTRY.—In the country it ought to be an unnatural circumstance that young ladies are ever out of health. Beside the fresh air,^ and liberty and sociability of rural life, there is such various and abundant and charming employment for young people. Early hours, plentiful exercise, sunlight without stint, and an ocean of fresh air; food perpetu- ally fresh from the kitchen garden, the farmyard, and the river-here are conditions of health of very high value. The higher still seem to be no less plentifully afforded. In a country neighbourhood everybody knows everybody; and the calls for kindly action are incessant and perfectly natural. There are out-door pursuits for the whole year round for girls of any spirit -the garden and green-house, the poultry yard, the bees, and various branches of natural history, in which there is at present a demand for agility of every kind. Literature, again, and art are treasures within reach, and nowhere do they flourish more than in the bright atmosphere of rural life. Evenings of books are singularly charming after mornings of activity among the realities of the farm, the breezy common, the blos- soming lanes, and the village school.-Once-a- Week. JELLY IN CASES OF SICKNESS.—Jelly is an article of diet in great favour with nurses and friends of the sick; even if it could be eaten solid it would not nourish, but it is simply the height of folly to take half- an-ounce of gelatine and make it into a certain bulk by dissolving it in water, and then to give it to the sick, as if the mere bulk represented nourishment. It is now known that jelly does not nourish, that it has a ten- dency to produce diarrhoea, and to trust to it to repair the waste of a diseased constitution is simply to starve the sick under the guise of feeding them. If one hun- dred spoonfuls of jelly were given in the course of the day, you would have given one spoonful of gelatine, which spoonful has no nutritive power whatever. And, nevertheless, gelatine contains a large quantity of nitrogen, which is one of the most powerful elements in nutrition; on the other hand, beef tea may be chosen as an illustration of great nutriment power in sickness, co-existing with a very small amount of solid nitro- genous matter.-Notes on Nursing. A SCENE FROM ENGLISH HUMBLE LIFE.—On Wednesday last (says the Northern Ensign) a tinker woman, bivouacking with about 30 others in the open air, near Mr. Rhind's park, was seized with the pains of labour, and gave birth to a child soon after. Next afternoon, she was in town with the new-born babe on her back-mother and child as well as could be ex- pected." There were men and women, boys and girls, and infants of a few months old, all huddled together at the spot where the birth took place, and the night was one of unusual severity. A COMBINATION MAID.—A certain Duchess, noted for the magnificence in which her stately person is arrayed—so stately is it as to bear down even royalty itself in queenly dignity—is so aware of the importance of combining colours well, that one of her fenvmts de chambre is a combination maid," selected on account of her judgment in colours thus, every toilette for the day or night is submitted by her; the shawl is con- fronted with the gown; the bonnet is made to suit both. The wreath of flowers is to be kept in keeping with the rich boddice, the boddice with the sweeping train the rich jewellery, taken from the casket almost unparalleled among the subjects of a country, must not eclipse, but heighten the tints of the dress. The whole is placed for inspection, as an artist dresses up a lay figure and the repute of the maid is staked on the result. White was that gorgeous lady's favourite attire white, scarce purer than the face, Oh, call it pale, not fair; white, which combines with every hue, ornament, or flowers but the loveliness may not have fled before the approach of time, and rich colours have been selected as the appropriate tints for the mid- dle age which is so beautiful in English women alone. —The-Habits of Good Society. ETIQUETTE OF ADVERTISING.—A servant re- cently advertised for a situation, and the wife of a merchant in London sent to make inquiries about her. The girl' called at the house of the inquirer next morning, and apologised for so doing, stating that she was passing through the street, and thought she would call.—"I sent for you," said the housekeeper, "and thought of course you would come. No, marm, re- plied the girl; when a lady' advertises for a place, it is expected that the person wanting her services will call. That is the etiquette of advertising A SINE QUA NON.—If Ariy of riiy readers were ever fortunate enough to hear Mr. Clay tell the follow- ing story, they can never forget the inimitable grace and humour with which it was done :—" While I was abroad, labouring to arrange the terms of the Treaty of Ghent, there appeared a report of the negotiations or letters relative thereto, and several quotations from my ( remarks or letters, touching certain stipulations in the treaty, reached Kentucky, and were read by my con- stituents. Among them was an old fellow who went by the nickname of Old Sandusky.' He was reading one of these letters one evening, at a near resort, to a small collection of the neighbours. As he read on, he came across the sentence, 'This must be deemed a sine qua non.' What's a sine qua non V said a half dozen by- standers. Old Sandusky' was a little bothered at first, but his good sense and natural shrewdness was fully equal to a mastery of the Latin. Sine-Qua-non ? said Old Sandusky,' repeating the question very slowly why, sine quct non is three islands in Passa- maquoddy Bay, and Harry Clay is the last man to give them up No sine qua non, no treaty, he says; and he'll stick to it!" You should have seen the laughing eye, the change in the speaker's voice and manner, to understand the electric effect the story had upon his hearers.-Ten Years of Preacher-Life. THE SERAMPORE MISSTON.-The Serampore missionaries united in an extraordinary degree the en- thusiasm of a Loyola, or a Xavier, with the steady re- solution and practical good senses of every-day working men. It may seem incredible that a time when a proposal to establish missions was received in such a body as the General Assembly or the Church of Scot- land with the utmost alarm and dissatisfaction, and characterised as highly preposterous," reversing the order of nature," anti-constitutional," and deserving the most serious disapprobation" and decisive oppo- sition." William Carey, the son of a parish clerk, and apprentice to a shoemaker, whose whole property amounted to 181. 10s., should have embarked, in direct contravention of the standing orders of a despotic go- vernment, to evangelise India. Still more astounding is it that this humble and indigent man, aided by Wil- liam Ward, the son of a carpenter, and apprentice to a printer, and Joshua Marshman, the son of a weaver, ga bookseller's shop-boy, should so far succeed as to found a flourishing mission, with sixteen branch stations, and many hundred baptized converts-should, in addition, erect a magnificent college for the education of native teachers-set in operation a press through which the Bible was translated into sixteen languages, till then almost unknown to Europeans-and should be the me- dium for dispensing, in the cause of charity and conver- sion, 50,000Z., accumulated by their own exertions, and 80,0001. contributed by others.—Marshman's Life of Carey.