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I GLANCE AT F0RELGN~AFFAIR8.

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IPSALLATMMS CENTRAL FTETE.

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IPSALLATMMS CENTRAL FTETE. A VINE-DRESSING ALADDIN.-As a vine-dresser in the commune of Pommiers (Rh6ne) was working a few days ago in his vineyard near a rock, his pickaxe suddenly laid open a cavity in the stone. On examin- ing the hole he found a vase which had been broken by one of the blows, and exposed to view a number of silver coins in a perfect state of preservation. They date back to the time of Charlemagne, and appear to have never been in circulation. THE QUESTION OF SAVOY.—This question (says the Morning Post) no longer adds to the complications of Europe. It arose out of circumstances not within the control of France. The Emperor Napoleon had foreseen and urged a Confederation in Italy. The course of events pointed in the direction of an Italian kingdom. In such an event, it was obvious that great inconvenience would arise from the French slopes of the Alps being a portion of that kingdom. Hence the suggestion for the cession of Savoy. The French Government haa now, however, expressed its willing- ness to defer to the decision that may be arrived at by the great Powers of Europe on the question and all fear of collision may therefore be considered as defi- nitively obviated. A CHINESE TOPEE.—The Chinese are generally a temperate people, though exceptions may be quoted, as will be seen from the following instance given by the Rev. R. H. Cobbold, in his interesting "Pictures of the Chinese: A story is current among them of a great wine-drinker, who was able to sit on all the day at table, and after con. suming what would have been sufficient to drive the reason out ot nait-a-ciozen men, would rise up perfectly sober. The Emperor, hearing the fame of this deep drinker, asked him to dinner, that he might test his marvellous powers. As the story g°es» tne King had ordered a hollow figure to be cast in bronze, the exact size and model of this man, and, as the wine for each cup that the guest drank a similar cup s poured into the opening 011 the top of the head of the mage. This went on for some hours, until at length the ^atue overflowed, while the guest continued at the table and roSa from ^peTfe'ctlj sober f FOREIGN Opinions or ENGLISH WOMEN.—From a the Etoile Beige, a journal con- ducted wi able talent, we extract the subj oined paragraph — a wel1 known in the ston ?oT Setting on horseslo^^ ™th English pas- sion lor v .t'v I5,000f. Her husband, igno- rant that she ha race, entered the grand stand in great glee. Jiving:wo» 20 ooof. on Black Prince ob- serving his wite ^ldc^ h[s cratnf 3 at this ?'00(l for- tune, he offered W\th her> upon which she avowed her loss. take ah he immediately paid it, saying, however, 1 f°r .You, madam, in the country there is no longerquestion about that, and never let me hear of your bemng^again.^ jn England women who possess an independent loriune bet like men_ jjle daughter of a great English poet, Acta, the sole fruit of his unfortunate marriage, fell a victim to her Passion for betting. Having staked an amount of 80,000t. on the Derby, she lost three-quarters of it (or l,500,000f.), all her Personal fortune. Was her ruin her husband, inexorable, allowed her a small Pension, upon which she retired to an estate in Rutlandshire. SIX months after this the lady died of despair. An AGREEABLE SURPRISE.- The" Hereford Times" says that Mr. Jeremiah Hawkins, of Stanton- court, midway between Ledbury and Gloucester, a highly respectable farmer, having by his industry acquired an ample fortune, and being a bachelor, took the following means to gratify his wishes. Having a W's number of nephews and nieces, he sent a very pressing invitation to each of them, amounting to twenty-four m number, •with their spouses, to with Mm last A»:'111!r\8 week: and, after a most excellent dinner had been done justice to, Mr. Hawkins, assuring them how much he studied their interests and happiness, presented them each with a cheque for 30(M., amounting, in the whole, to 7,2001. As a matter of course, the evening was spent in the most pleasant manner after this an- nouncement. THE CHINESE DIFFICULTY.—We have reason to believe (says the Morning Star) that the Govern- ment are in possession of recent intelligence from Pekin, by way of St. Petersburg, to the effect that the Emperor of China is disposed to make every reasonable con- cession for the purpose of averting further hostilities, and that if these pacific dispositions are met in an honourable spirit by England, all further contest may be avoided. There is therefore reason to hope that a Government containing Lord John Russell, Mr. Glad- stone, and Mr. Milner Gibson will be able, as they must be most anxious, to bring to a termination a state of things perilous to China, and at the same time pro- ductive only of expense and dishonour to England. WISH HE MAY GET IT!—The following ad- tertisement appeared the other day in the London Times Wanted, a good plain cook, who knows bow to cook a mutton chop and potato. A11 early riser and cleanliness 111 work find. indispsns&blB, ctctivti, willing*, £ ui(l Quiet in her work. Wo slamming of doors allowed. A personal cha- racter for thorough respectability requisite. Apply this day and to-morrow at 2, Hyde-park-place west, London. THE IMPORTANT SUBJECT OF LIGHT WEIGHT RAGING !-The House of Lords have been engaged on a bill with the above title, which, when we first glanced at it, we thought was a bill directed against tight lacing. The object of the Bill is to prevent the entering or running of horses carrying very light weights for any plate or money, and enacts that after the first day of January, 1861, no horse running a race shall carry less than seven stones weight, under pain of such horse, or the value of it, being forfeited, and of a penalty of 200Z. to be imposed on those who entered or started it. The penalties and forfeitures may be sued for by action in the courts at Westminster or at the Assizes, and will be disposed of thus—one half to the person suing, and the other half for aPrize for a weight-for-age race, to be run over the course where the race in which such penalty or forfeiture was incurred took place, subject to the control of the Stewards of the Jockey Club at New- market. It is also provided that the plaintiff or in- former shall recover double costs. Lord Redesdale, who introduced the bill, entertains hopes that by this means a great deal of the chicanery and fraud now practised on the turf, through jockeys riding such light weights as four stones will be prevented. "GH! OH!" FOR THE DEAR PRESS !—We.per- ceive that some newspaper proprietors connected with the dear press have been endeavouring to persuade Mr. Gladstone that the price of paper would not be lowered on account of the repeal of the duty, the demand for the article being likely much to transcend the supply. Per contra, the wholesale stationers have earnestly requested Mr. Gladstone to grant them a drawback, on account of the repeal of the paper duties, founded upon the impending depreciation in the price of paper! We should think these latter gentlemen the best judges of their own business, and must therefore conclude that the manoeuvre is one of the last efforts of the dear press monopolists. We are happy to add that Mr. Gladstone perceived the fallacy of the argument, and pointed it out to them. MODERATION OF THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT.— With reference to the remarks in Parliament on the 11th Article of the Commercial Treaty between France and England, by which the contracting powers engage not to prohibit the exportation of coal, and to levy no duty upon such exportation," I hear (writes a Paris correspondent) on good authority that the French Government will agree to make such modifications in that article as may facilitate the success of the measure. COOL !—The "Dundee Courier" says:—A letter remarkable for its cool and somewhat jocular audacity, and purporting to be written by the principal party in a recent forgery on the Dundee Bank, has been re- ceived through the post by Mr. Martin, and by him handed over to the police. The following is a copy :— „ Dundee, Jan. 2, 1860, SIR,—I hope you are none the worse of your heavy loss. I, the writer of this letter, was the principal offender. The boy is quite innocent, he belongs to Dysart, and find him if you can. There were only two of us, the youth and 1. I am ) very thankful to you for your money and hopes you will soon make it up again. I am just going away to Edinburgh for to spend your money and make myself comfortable, and when it is done i will spend the last Is on whisky to drink your health and wish you good luck, better luck than what you have had this week I hope. I have burnt your Bank and Cheque Books. I seen that you had but I thought I would be reasonable and only take 961, which I hope will not ruin you. I start for Edinburgh at or about 6 o'clock, sowishing you good By and better luck, I close-Your very grateful friend and well wisher, PHILIP ORLANDO. "P.S.—Please put this in to morrow's Argus and the Edinr. Daily Scotsman." A NOBLEMAN IN THE RANKS.—A military paper says that the heir of a Scottish earldom has been discovered in the garb of a private soldier a few days ago. On being recognised, his lordship, who formerly held the rank of an officer, at once admitted that he had enlisted. How far this will bar certain legal proceedings already commenced against him is yet to be decided. COUNTER OPINION !—At a meeting M .Edin- burgh the other day, Mr. Barton moved That the late proclamation against every species of Sunday trading is the foolish foam of a wind-bound clergy, spurted out upon the citizens of Edinburgh through the morbid mouth-piece of an imbecile magistracy. Mr. Badenoch moved as an amendment, That the late proclamation was both just and legal, being in accordance with the Word of God and the law of Scotland. After some discussion, a vote was taken; when the chairman declared that forty-one had voted for the motion and thirty-nine for the amendment. IMPORTANT TO RAILWAY TRAVELLERS.—In the Ipswich County Court judgment has been given in a case of considerable importance to railway travellers. A wine merchant and wholesale grocer, residing at Stowmarket, in Suffolk, was a passenger on the 2nd of January by the morning express from Ipswich, which should have started at 8.17 a.m., but did not leave till 8.57 a.m. The train was nearly an hour late in London; the plaintiff was unable to keep an appoint- ment, and could not fulfil some other engagements which he had made. For the inconvenience and loss he had sustained he sued the company for 31. 16s. 9d. It was contended on the part of the defendants that the servants of the company had been guilty of no gross neglect. The judge said the company in their time-bill stated that they bound themselves to make every exertion to insure punctuality, but they did not hold themselves responsible for failing. He considered that they had made every exertion; that they were protected by the proviso in their time-bill, and that they could not be accountable for the circumstances in which the plaintiff was placed.—Judgment for the defendants. DEFORMED SKULLS.—A number of deformed skulls were lately discovered at Wroxeter, buried under a shallow covering of from one to two and a half feet. They were laid before the Ethnological Society, when it seemed to be the general opinion that the deformation took place after death. Professor Owen expressed a similar opinion by letter, and said that it arose from a gradual pressure under a very heavy weight during a great number of years. He cited as an analogous fact the crushed state of many of the skulls of the lower animals, as found in a fossil condition. SERMONS LENT !-The following amusing ad- vertisement appeared in a recent number of the Clerical Journal:—- A beneficed clergyman, who preaches to a respectable con- gregation, will lend his sermons to any brother whose occu- pations preclude leisure for composition. The discourses are original in the strictest sense, earnest, and striking, and will be furnished at the rate of 10s. each. An order for a month's sermons, accompanied by a P.O. order for 11., will meet with prompt attention and the utmost confidence. Extracts from correspondents:—"The Marchioness of —— seemed delighted with your sermon on — E. F."— "St. -—'s fills. My people have found out that you are a good preacher.-G. H. J." Address," &c., &c. TRUE ENOUGH !—The rector of Loughborough, the Rev. H. Fearon, says:— Men will listen hour by hour while we analyse some text of Scripture or discuss some controverted point of doctrine but if we reason with them of righteousness, and of earthly duties, I do not absolutely say they are oifended, but cer- tainly they fly off from it they are restless under such teach- ing they are ingenious in finding methods of disparaging it; they say we do not teach the main thing," do not go to the root of the matter;" they wish we would tell them more of heaven, less of earth that our teaching is not Interesting, and somewhat beside the purpose. GOOD !—Says Sir Harry Smith Tease not our youths as volunteers with the minutiae of drill—a few things are necessary. To march in quick time, to march m column, form line, gain ground to the right and left, to advance again in line, to extend and occupy bridges or walls. A rallying square may be practised. Soldiers require these alone in the field. Then, to be good shots. Pluck enough they have; and, with prompt obedience, England's regular army so nobly supported, and its numbers so increased, can, may, and will defy the- AN INGENIOUS SURGICAL OPERATION.— A young man from Enfield had his arm badly broken in a thrashing machine about four years ago (says an American paper.) Although the arm was properly attended to, the bones did not unite. During the year following the patient underwent two severe surgi- cal operations for relief, the last being performed by Dr. Warren, in the Massachusetts General Hospital, but without success. In June last, it being over three years after the accident, Dr. Sanborn performed the following operation on the arm:-The bones were cut down and exposed, and a small portion removed from the end of each fragment. These ends were then pierced with a gimlet, and through the holes was passed a stout silver wire, twisted in such a manner as I to bring the fragments closely and firmly together. • The wire was then allowed to remain for a number of weeks, when it was removed, and the bones were found to be grown together. The patient went home on the sixth day afterwards with the arm quite strong. A letter recently received from him states that he had been at work two months, and that his arm is strong, and as well as ever. AN OPPORTUNITY FOR SAYING SOMETHING SMART LOST I-The Illustrated Times says :— The Queen's Speech was very long. When her Majesty had finished reading it, she expressed a fear that the Mar- quis of Lansdowne had felt the crown, which he had so long to bear, a burden. Of course, the noble marquis, in reply, made some pleasant remark; probably something like this-" Oh dear, no, your Majesty, not at all." Well, this incident was related at an aristocratic dinner party in the evening, at which there was present a French gentleman of high rank; and when the noble marquis's reply was repeated, the said French gentleman exclaimed, Ah, mon Dieu! what a grand opportunity was lost. His lordship should have said, I Ali, your Majesty, how can I complain of the burden of the crown for so short a time, when your Majesty so cheerfully bears it, with all its cares, every day for the good of your people'(" OUR FORMIDABLE NEIGHBOUR — Only two years ago, (said Lord C. Paget in the House of Commons,) in anticipation of a discussion in this House, and knowing there was some little difference of opinion as to the French force, I wrote to the French Minister of Marine, asking whether he would have any objection to give me a list of the French navy. He sent me, in reply, the name and force of every ship in the navy. A LEAF FROM THE STATUTE BOOK.—" The ancient, true, and principall use of innes, alehouses, and victualling houses, was for the resceit, relief, and lodging of wayfaring people, travelling from place to place, and for supplie of the wants of such people as are not able, by greater quantities, to make their pro- vision of victuals, and not meant for entertainment and harbouring of lewd and idle people, to spend and consume their money and their time in lewd and drunken manner."—(1 James, cap. 9.) THE PENALTY OF USURPING A CLERGYMAN'S FUNCTIONS.—The village of Patcham, Sussex, has been in a state of commotion during the last few weeks, arising out of the refusal of the incumbent to perform the funeral service over the dead body of an unbaptised child. In the month of December, Mr. Friend, a grocer, lost a child which had not been baptised, and the clergyman refused it the burial rite. In consequence, Mr. Friend and his party invaded the churchyard, and buried his child's body, and Mr. Ballard, a miller, read some religious service at the grave. For this violation of ecclesiastical law they were cited by the bishop of the diocese in the Arches Court, and the case came on for hearing last week; but the defendants having 11 9 promptly admitted their error and declared themselves penitent, the bishop, through his proctor, desired that they might be leniently dealt with, in consequence of their prompt submission, and they were accordingly let off with an admonition and payment of costs. THE QUEEN AND HER CHAPLAINS.—One of the first acts performed by our gracious Queen after her accession to the throne was to issue a private order prohibiting any of the clergy who might be called to preach before her from paying any compliments in their discourse. Her Majesty was led to this from the ful- some adulation which one of the prebends of West- minster thought fit to deliver in the Chapel Royal, and for which, instead of thanks, he received from her Majesty's uncle, the late King William the Fourth, a pointed reprimand, the blunt sailor king observing, with his usual strong good sense, That he came to chapel to hear the praises of God, and not his own." A SCOTTISH CONVICTION FOR MURDER.—A pri- soner has been found guilty, before the High Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh, of the murder of his wife. The man and woman had, it appeared, lived unhappily together for some time past. He was sentenced to death, the execution to take place on the 6th day of March. The form of sentence pronounced is curious, and runs as follows:— The Judges decem and adjudge that you, the said Edwin Thomas Salt, be carried from the bar to the prison of Edin- burgh, therein to be maintained and fed on bread and water only till the 6th day of March next, and ordain that, between the hours of eight and ten o'clock in the forenoon of the said day, you be taken from the said prison to the common place of execution in Edinburgh, and then and there, by the hands of the public executioner, hanged by your neck upon a. gibbet until you be dead. And further ordain that your body be thereafter buried within the precincts of the said prison of Edinburgh and that your whole moveable goods be escheated and in-bought to her Majesty's use-all which is pronounced upon you, and may God have mercy on your soul." A WINDOW CLEANING BILL.-A bill intro- duced into parliament by Sir C. Burrell and Mr. Cain on this subject proposes to subject to a penalty of 40s., or, in the discretion of the convicting magistrate, to 14 days' imprisonment, any owner or occupier of a house, or part of a house, who may order or permit his servant to sit, stand, or kneel outside any window for the purpose of cleaning or repairing it, unless the window be on the sunken story. SPREAD OF FREE TRADE IN FRANCE.-Ac- cording- to the last accounts received from the manu- facturing towns in Alsace the excitement which pre- vailed among the manufacturers and operatives in that province against the Treaty of Commerce with Eng- land had considerably abated. They are now begin- ning to understand that the establishment of the system of free trade will not only be advantageous to the agricultural districts in France, but likewise to their own branches. THE HIVAI CANNON MAKERS !—The Times," in speaking of the relative merits of the Whitworth and Armstrong cannons, says:- Exactly at these points, however, there arises a certain ugly misgiving. What if Enfield rifles and Armstrong guns should not be the best guns and rifles after all ? What if Mr. Whitworth should supersede Sir William Armstrong, and plunge us all at once into another period of ruinous transition?" The War Minister did not blink these ques- tions indeed, he professed to have satisfled himself on the matter. The Whitworth rifle is a better weapon than'the Enfield that is acknowledged, and General Hay has settled the question by his verdict. But it is also a more costly weapon, and the superiority of its qualities is not practically commensurate with its superiority of price. It will carry further, and perhaps more truly, but it costs lOl. instead of 21. 17s. 6d., whereas the distinction between the two rifles in actual performance is far from being so decided. Mr. Sidney Herbert conveyed the truth of the matter by a familiar illustration. A chroaometer is a better article than a watch, but nobody thinks of carrying a chronometer when a watch made for a quarter of the money will answer every purpose. As regards rifled cannon, Sir William Armstrong takes all responsibility. He says that if Mr. Whitworth surpasses him in length of range that is because he has never yet made length of range his object. He has hitherto aimed only at accuracy, but is quite ready to try his hand at distance. Moreover, the difference between the rival engines is not a difference of principle. So strong is the analogy between them that, whichever of the two prevails, we are perfectly safe." That, at least, is Mr. Sidney Herbert's conclusion, and so we may dismiss all anxiety about the matter. THE WRITING ON THE WALL!—A Liverpool paper says In a conversation recently between Her Majesty and Lord Palmerston, the French treaty was warmly discussed, and somewhat pressed upon Her Majesty, who evidently disliked the style of the colloquy, It is said that the Queen, handing Lord Palmerston a slip of paper with these letters, "AABRYLET," desired his lordship to form them into one word, which would aptly convey Her Majesty's views on the question of the treaty. Your readers shall have the word next week. SINGULAR WILL CASE. — Sentence has been given in the case of Marsh v. Marsh and others, in the Court of Probate, in London. The suit arose out of the numerous wills and codicils of Mr. James Stanford Caldwell, late of Lindley Wood, in the parish of Aud- ley, Staffordshire. The deceased, who had been a bar- rister on the Oxford Circuit, died in November, 1858, leaving between 14,000Z. and 15,000/ in personalty, and estates, principally in Cheshire, Staffordshire, and Derbyshire, worth about l,800d. a year. He was a bachelor, but had three sisters, of whom two, Anna Eliza, the wife of Mr. Stanley Roscoe, of Liverpool, and Emily, the wife of Sir Henry Holland, were de- ceased but they both left issue. The deceased appeared to have laid great stress upon securing the perpetual continuance of Lindley Wood in the possession of per- sons of his own blood and name. With this view he had made an enormous number of wills, no fewer than twenty-six executed testamentary papers having been found, besides a vast amount of unexecuted drafts. In these instrument he stipulated that if any future heir, even to the hundredth generation, should abandon or refuse to take the name of Caldwell, the property should be forfeited. Probate was given to the will of the 19th of May, 1856, and the codicils of June, 1856, and of April, 1858. APPROPRIATION OF A WIFE'S FORTUNE.—A sur- geon at Ulverstone, named Leatle, applied to the Di- vorce Court, in London, on Saturday, for a judicial se- paration, on the ground of adultery, and praying for a settlement of the sum of 4,000Z., his wife's fortune. He married the respondent, a Miss Smith, in London, 1848, and they lived together in great harmony, having five children. In the course of last year, a Mr. Gaulter came to Ulverstone to take charge of a proprietary school, and became intimate with the petitioner's family. In May last, Mr. Leatle was suddenly recalled from London by the information that his wife had eloped with Gaulter, with whom she was now residing at Antwerp. Sir C> ^resswell said, as this was the first direct application '*It had been made to the Court to appropriate a wife's fortune, he would take time for consideration before making a decree.

A BURNING SHAME!

DREADFUL COLLISION IN THE…

ENGLISHMEN, TREMBLE IN YOUR…

!A WAG ON THE VOLUNTEER SMOVEMENT.

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