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CONSUMPTION AND ITS CAUSES.

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CONSUMPTION AND ITS CAUSES. A complaint which continues to cause one-fourth of the mortality of Great Britain, aud which is yet believed in many quarters to be incurable, may well be made an object of intense study by the scientific, and of careful reading by the general public. We doubt not, therefore, that a new work on the subject by Dr. Epps, the eminent homceopatliist, will, meet with great attention, and we therefore quote some useful hints given by the author on the principal provocatives of this dire disease :— THE FIRST NOTICE OF CONSUMPTION. The nose is to be regarded as the beginning of the lung apparatus, just as the mouth is the beginning of the digestive apparatus. The nose is one organ of respiration, for animals breathe not through the mouth, but through the nostrils. The nose, too, has its cough sneezing is the name affixed to this action. The nose thus viewed is a part of the breathing apparatus, and hence the reason appears why, if there is such a state of the lung tissue as is associated with blood discharge, it is not unlikely that this tendency existing also in the blood tissue of the nose, the discharge of the blood from the nose becomes premonitory, and indicative of the diseased changes in the lungs. What an admirable con- trivance is it that the discharge of blood should thus be exhibited in connexion with the nose, since here the blood escapes exteriorly; whereas, if taking place in the tissue of the lungs, a suffocation, an asphyxia of the lungs would be caused. This nose bleeding gives a no- tice, which, if homceopathically attended to, would prevent, in the majority of cases, any further develop- ment of the lung disease. It is Nature giving warning, and the wise physician listens to the notice; but only he who is homceopathically well informed in the patho- genetic effects of remedies can listen effectually. TIGHT LACING. Every great is made up of littles; every ur;versal of particulars; consequently all tight lacing, little in each individual case though it be, produces an impediment to the free action of the lungs; and thus, by' im- }ieding the free circulation of the blood through the ungs, tends to the production of debiHty in the lung tissue; and which, by rendering walking difficult, must lead to the neglect of that exercise, this itself adding a general debility to that wlrch is local. The free expansion of the lung being impeded, the action of the heart is affected, being made to contract more fre- quently, because it must supply, by the more frequent transmission of the blood through the lung tissue, the want created by tight lacing of lung-to-air-exposure surface, a want caused by a portion of the lung being rendered unfree to the transmission of the blood and of the air. The blood must for health's sake be exposed to the air; the surface through which the exposure takes place is lessened, and therefore there must be, as pre- viously illustrated, an increase in the frequency of exposure to make up the want of surface. TIGHT NECKCLOTHS. Another foim under which an impediment to the free circulation of air and blood through the lungs takes place is that presented in the practice of wearing tight neckcloths. Some men seem to practise a perpetual semi-hanging. Of late years the practice has lessened. The injury resulting from this practice will be apparent when it is remembered that in no other part of the human body do so many extraordinary motions meet together as in the trachea, the part compressed by these tight neckcloths there are the respiratory motions of the lungs a11, the varieties of respiration; also all the motions, the modes, and the articulations of the sounds of singing and of the words of speech, to the whole of which the trachea has to adapt itself. Not a syllable issues from the mouth but the trachea must concur with it with a general assent, by some inflexion, expansion, or contraction of its owa. UPRIGHTNESS. The poet of antiquity, Ovid, points out with great beauty the fact, that God gave to man the countenance to be raised to heaven "08 homini sublime dedit;" that is, that man's thoughts as well as his countenance, when he attains the true dignity of a man, should be erect-that he should look upwards. Great is the benefit to his breathing when he thus looks upwards. it shows the free expanse of his chest, and, by con- sequence, the full dilatation of his lungs, thus allowing the free circulation of the blood through the vessels of the lungs, and thus admitting the proper change in the blood being effected by this unrestrained circulation. THE OPEN WAISTCOAT. How many develope the weakness in the lung tissue essential to the awakening of the phthisical cachexia by the foolish practice of having an open waistcoat- showing, it is true, a white shirt (a beautiful thing), and, it may be, attractive shirt-studs. It is true the parties thus attired sometimes state that they have flannel underneath; thus acknowledging that their practice is not quite sound. They should remember that they have flannel underneath the parts that are. not exposed, and thus the general portion is of necessity more exposed to the cold than are the side parts in- deed the lappets of the waistcoat cover the side parfc3. Every consumptive person should have a waistcoat buttoned to the chin. Indeed, this very abundance of wrapping on the general chest helps to cause a flow of blood in excess to the pulmonary organs, thereby in- creasing the liability to be affected by the cold! BALL-ROOM AND CHURCH-GOING. How many walk from the ball-room and delay in the cold stone hall, and then walk to and from a carriage; or perhaps, if in the country, run a few hundred paces home. The system has been weakened by the fatigues and the excitement of the dancing and of the warm ball-room; a rush of blood on the interior organs is caused by the chilled feet; the power of creating a re- action has been diminished by that exhaustion, caused as stated active disease is developed, and, at the next annual gathering, the star of the party is not met with -she is in her grave. It must not be inferred that these results are to be gained only in connexion with the ball-room; they are to be met with as frequently in connexion with the crowded church or chapel. Persons going out in the cold streets, after being ex- cited and made hot within the walls of a building deemed by many to be specially under the Divine pro- tection, have often-times the foundation laid of phthisis. Thus demonstrating that the Divine Parent, while he had appointed a law for the worshippers "not forsaking the assembling of themselves together," has appointed also certain natural laws which regulate the physical condition, under which alone such assembling can be physically safe. WINE AND BEER. Wine is a poison in this disease; so is beer; so is ale (pale ale, in reference to the sick, is deep-dyed delusion). All stimulating liquors are to be avoided. It is true that the advocates for the employment of wine and beer state that they are to be taken in moderate quan- tities. What their notion of moderate quantities is may be judged of by the fact, that the givers of these quantities argue that the flushings caused by wine, beer, and spirits are not harmful. FISH DIET. The writer of this work regards a fish diet as being peculiarly serviceable to persons who have a phthisical tendency. The rationale of its action is not perhaps as yet recognised. It is not impossible that it may have connexion with the character of fish as cold- blooded animals, and as producing a flesh which is suited to the conditions of the lung present in a phthisical subject. This is hypothesis if future ex-. perience establishes the utility, it may be well to examine the hypothetical point more fully.

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