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NEW EXPLOSIVE SUBSTANCES.—M. Bcettger, an eminent German chemist, has jrst discovered a curious property of carburetted hydrogen or illuminating gas -viz., that being brought into contact with certain saline solutions, and especially with nitrate of silver, it will, by chemical combinations, form substances of a highly exolosive nature. A few particles of that ob- tained with nitrate of silver will, when subjected to friction, explode with as much violence as the fulnrnate of mercury. This will, doubtless, in some measure account for certain instances of explosion hitherto un- explained. Dr. Torrey, of New York, some time ago discovered that illuminating gas, when conveyed through copper pipes, would in time produce an ex- plosive deposit on the inner surface. This substance seems to have been of the same nature as those dis- covered by M. Boettger, and which he describes as being combinations of copper with carburetted hydrogen, the latter therein the same part as cyanogen in other well-known fulminates. Gas pines are never made of copper now, and neither iron nor lead is liable to produce any fulminating compound. DIPHTHERIA.-Our readers may recollect that, about a year ago, much interest was excited among medical men by a plan for curing the croup through the introduction of a small tube into the wind-pipe. Dr. Bouchut, the author of this plan, soon afterwards announced that he had cured three cases of malignant sore throat or diphtheria by amputating the tonsils-a method which, in his opinion, prevented the develop- ment of croup. He now, in a communication to the Union Medicale, announces that several other cases have been treated in that manner with success—viz., one by Dr. Domerc, three by Dr. Simyan at Cluny, and two by himself, making in all nine successful cases, and no failure. There are certainly few instances in medicine of a new system ushered in under such favourable auspices, and we therefore call the attention of practitioners to Dr. Bouchut's detailed account of the last two cases, which have fallen under his obser- vation, ana ^hich certainly tend to confirm his opinion above alluded ^.—~Q.aiignanit AMERICAN "TELEGRAPHIC REPORTS."—A com- plaint was receitly, Inade to the House of Representa- tives, Washington, by Mr. Ashmore, of South Carolina, respecting a seri ot an(| indecent impertinences aimed at ±lon.. ryor, of Virginia, in what pur- ported to be a report of the proceedings of the House on the previous day, in the New York Herald. He stigmaased this^ohei sive drivel as an insult to the Whole House, <tnd demanded the expulsion of the reporter of the journal which had thus disgraced itself. A further Discussion of the matter, however, revealed the fact that all this vile twaadle had been interpolated at the Herald office, no what was published as a special telegraphic dispatch from. Washington City; and the unhappy reporter was therefore exonerated from the reproach and ignominy which would other- wise most properly have attached to him. The New York Times castigates its contemporary very severely upon such behaviour. LARGE SALE OF FELLOW BEINGS.-—ON Tues- DAY last (says the Savannah Republican,) 1.03 negroes were sold at Cuthbert to settle the business of Messrs. Th 1?' raihoad contractors, one of whom is deceased. -h-r,ere-i 's Probably never been offered m Georgia so ^,7°^ °f negroes at one time. Out of the 108, only e children and 25 women. Of the remaining 73 j, ne vvs.s 60 years old, another 37, and none of the tL a -e 0Ve? 32 years old. The terms were cash, and C6f were enormous. The average 01 the ri„i re rpv6 w,as 1-364 dols. A mechanic brought 2,o00 ^ld'si y before-Monday, General Armstrong coii„3 ne^oef Montezuma. They were an ordinary tion TU' Su°k as would be gathered on a planta- Wo™0„ i6 about 20 men, the remainder being Sevpvoi a?lli, en. The average was 1,100 dols. of Ti t the men brought over 2,000 dols. A girl years brought 1,465 dols; and another a lit;le younger 1,385 dols. The terms were one and two years' credit, with interest added on the face of the notes." I THE COUNTESS AND THE CHANDELIER.—The following are correct details of an accident to the Countess de St. Marsault, the wife of the Prefect of the Seine-et-Oise, which occurred a few nights ago in the Prefecture at Versailles, says a French paper:— In the course of a ball a chandelier fell in one of the saloons, but fortunately no one was beneath it. A lady, Mme. Felix Passy, was, however, close to it, and she received such a shock that she had to retire to the private apartments, and Mine, de St. Marsault accompanied her. They were followed by the English governess of Mme. de St. Marsault's children and as the governess was attending on Mme. Passy, she approached so near the grate that her dress caught fire. Mme. de Saint-Marsault rushed forward and attempted to extinguish the flames she suc- ceeded, but her own dress being of very light texture, caught fire also, and in an instant she was enveloped in flame. With great presence of mind she went to an adjacent room, and wrapped herself in a large table cover and some of the servants having come in, they tore off the burning parts of the dress, and extinguished the flames. Mme. de Saint- Marsatilt was much burned, but she is in no danger, and hopes are even entertained that the burns will not leave any mark. The Princess Mathiide, to whom Mme. de Saint- Marsault is lady of honour, sent on hearing of the accident to inqwre after her, and subsequently paid her a visit. A COMMERCIAL PATRIARCH.—The Beaune jour- nals announce the death, three days ago, of an eminent inhabitant of the town, M. Bouchard. He was born on the 3rd of April, 1759, and was consequently up- wards of 100 years of age. He was noted through his long life for his integrity as a commercial man. He, at different times, held various local offices, such as president and member of Tribunal of Commerce, mem- ber of the municipal council, director of hospitals, &c., and in each he display d capacity ard zeal. His funeral was attended by the entire population of the town, and the cords of the pall were held by M. Guiod, mayor of Beaune; M. Villiard, president of the Tribunal of Commerce M. Molin, juge de paix and M. Maire, president of the Commercial Club. M. Morelot, dean o" the Faculty of Law at Dijon, delivered over the grave an eloquent address, narrating the career end eulogising the virtues of the deceased. A SAD LIFE AND A SAD END !—There died recently, at Maryborough, Australia, William Edward Pierson, formerly a clergyman of the Church of Eng- land, who had held a benefice in Yorkshire. The Melbourne Herald says The unfortunate man had forfeited his position at home, i, appears, from his intemperate habits, and was digging at Maryborough for his subsistence. His habits here were of a dissipated nature and having gone to bed one night after drinking to excess, the curtains caught fire, and before he could be rescued he w„s so severely burnt that he was dragged out quite dead. AN AUSTRIAN CITY WITHOUT POLICE.—The necessity to reinforce the police at Verona seems to have left no choice to the Austrian authorities, but to deprive some other town of that blessed institution, and the selection has fallen upon Gratz, the capital of Styria, a city of nearly 70,000 inhabitants, and the seat of a university. The police of Gratz are all off for Verona, and there is now no police in Gratz. The people of Gratz, during the last few days, have been looking at each other, have shrugged their shoulders, and shown the white of their eyes, and have been lamenting :— What is to become of us without police ?" But, strange to say, since the police are gone, whom all the people went and saw off at the rail way-station, no offence against public seciuity whatever has come to the knowledge of the public. Perhaps the explanation is, that malefactors are more afraid of a people without police, than of the po'ce itself. THE ROMAN CATHOLIC PRELATES.-It appears from official returns which have just appeared at Rome, that the number of Roman Catholic bishoprics in the world amounts to 850, exclusively of ninety apostolic vicarships and several prefectures. Pius IX. has created eighty new dioceses. Besides those in Holland and England, he has created eleven in the United States, one in California, one in Newfoundland, two in Canada, one in Mexico, three in Brazil, two in other parts of South America, two in Naples, one iu Hun- ?Tr'y;.0lle i11 Tuscany, two in the French Antilles, at Maromique and Guadaloupe, one at Reunion, and one ao Laval, m 1 ranee.

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