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THE PROPOSED VISIT OF CETYWAYO…

CROP PROSPECTS IN THE UNITED…

,OIL ON BREAKING SEAS.

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v OUR BRONZE COINAGE.

OPENING OF A PUBLIC PARK FOR…

A MODERN ARCADIA.

THE RELATIONS BETWEEN CAPITALI…

THE DEPRECIATION OF OUR GOLD…

CUTTINGS FROM AMERICAN PAPERS.

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IJtrscdlaroints Jtrfelltgmtt JIOMF FOREIGN, ANLP, C0SQNJ.A&, HIGH LIFE.-The highest spot on the globe inhabited by human beings is the Buddhist cloister of Hanle, Thibet, where twenty-one priests live at an altitude of 16,000 feet. The monks of St. Bernard, whose monastery is 8,177 feet high; are obliged to descend frequently to the valleys below in order to obtain relief from the asthma induced by the rarity of the atmosphere about their mountain eyrie. At the end of ten years' service at the monastery they are com- pelled to change their level. OBSERVING AN ANCIENT CUSTOM.-At Corby, near Kettering, the great Pole Fair, held once every twenty years, to cemmemorate che charter granted by Queen Elizabeth in 1585, and confirmed by Charles II. in 1682, to the men and tenants of the ancient demesne of Corby, was proclaimed on Monday morning at four o'clock. The rector was carried in mock state to the outskirts of the village, where he read the charter. Afterwards he was placed in the stocks, and liberated on paying a toll. All the male residents of the place were similarly 'I'M treated, being fetched from their homes if they did not appear. Barriers were placed at each entrance to the villige, all visitors being required to pay toll. Those who were discovered without Pole tickets were placed in the stocks until the rights of the men of Corby were satisfied. A RESCUE AT SEA.-The Times has published the following letterSir,—I, the undersigned, on behalf of myself and crew, desire to return our heartfelt thanks to Captain Kirkbride, of the British barque Melanesia, of Liverpool, for his humanity in rescuing us from our vessel which sank after a collision :n the South Atlantic during a strong wind and heavy sea on March 27, also for the kindness we have received from him during the passage to Que^nstown.—J. H. JANSSEN, late Master of the German brig Jacobine." "CROWNING THE ROSIERE.The ceremony of crowning the Rosiere was observed at Nanterre on Sunday, amid the usual rejoicings, Mdlle. Marie Bey, a young dressmaker, being this year the happy recipient of the traditional watch and chain, earrings, and purse of 500f. The Mayor extolled the virtues of the new Rosiere, who was duly escorted to her home by the famous Pompiers de Nanterre, the local brass band, and a battalion of youthful warriors, in all the glory of their brand new uniforms. A ball of the Mairie closed the festivities, which attracted a large number of visitors from Paris. A SILVER WEDDING.—On Friday in last week was celebrated the silver wedding of the Earl and Countess Stradbroke, the occasion being made one of general re- joicing on the estate. The Earl and Countess were present at the festivities, and, in responding to the toast of his health, Lord Stradbroke, who is now eighty-eight years of age, said he could not long live to be among them, but he wished them all well now and in time to come. EMIGRATION OF Boys TO CANADA.-During the present week the Rev. Lord Archibald Douglas, the director of St. Viaoent's Home for Boys, Harrow-road, London, will leave England for Canada with a large number of boys who have been inmates of the institu- tion. The final destination of the young emigrants is Ottawa, where they will be placed by Lord Archi- bald Douglas with farmers, who have employment ready for them. The present scheme of boy-emigra- tion is being carried out by means of money from a fund for this purpose which Cardinal Manning has placed at the disposal of the directors of St. Vincent's Home. The boys selected for emigration are those who have been found not suited for trades but a con- siderable number of boys will remain in the heme en- gaged with their trades in the workshops. During the absence of Lord Archibald Douglas in Canada, St. Vincent's Home will be in the charge of his sister, Lady Gertrude Douglas. PRACTISING.—An old gentleman, finding a coupel of his nieces fencing with broomsticks, said, "Come, come, my dears, that kind of accomplishment will not help you to get husbands." "I know it uncle," re- sponded one of the girls as she gave a lunge but it will help us to keep our husbands in order when we have 'em." _8 THE EXPLANATION.—"Now," said the justice to the witness, "'you will please tell precisely how it happened." "Yes, sir I'll try. The prisoner and that man were eating dinner at the same table, and they got to quarrelling, when the prisoner just up with a dab of mashed potatoes and hit that other man on the head with it." "Do you, sir," said the justice sternly, "pretend to tell the court that a dab of mashed potatoes even when thrown with the greatest violence, can make a gash of five inches long on a man's head, and knock him senseless? If you trifle with the court you will be locked up." Judge, I reckon I forgot to say that when the prisoner threw the dab of mashed potatoes at the man, he forgot to first take the dab out of the dish." HUNG BY ACCIDENT.-In London, last Saturday, Mr. W. Carter, held an inquest on the body of Edward James Fuller, aged 13, residing at 61, Sumner-street, Southwark-bridge-road, who met his death by hanging on the Tuesday night previous. From the evidence of Mrs. Mildred, the deceased's grandmother, it transpired that on the night in question the lad went up to bed about 10.30, and she followed him shortly after, but could not get into his room. The door was forced open, and she discovered the deceased suspended by the throat to a hat peg behind the door and quite dead. Mr. H. Searing, the master of Mrs. New. comen's School, gave the deceased an excellent character during the five years he had been in the school. The Coroner, in summing up, said that there appeared to be no reason for thinking that the de- ceased had committed suicide, but everything pointed to the sad event being the result of some foolish play- fulness on his part. The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental hanging." BATHING FATALITY.—While bathing earJy on Mon- day morning at the mouth of the mill-stream running from the Thames at Surley-hall, near Windsor, Mr. E. Vaughan Cullen, a young gentleman from London, was drowned in the presence of three of his com- panions, who had been "camping out" with him on an adjacent meadow. Mr. Cullen, who could not swim, being carried away by the current, they were unable to save him, and although men and a punt were immediately sent to the spot by Mr. Pennicott, the landlord of Surley-hall Hotel, the body was not recovered till it was taken out of the river by the watermen of the Eton and Windsor Humane Society. The deceased was only twenty-one years of age. DEATH OF AN AMERICAN GENEALOGIST.-On Fri- day in last week Colonel Joseph Lemuel Chester, the American genealogist, expired at his residence in Southwark Park-road, London. The deceased was 61 years of age, and had spent the last 25 years in England. He was a gentleman of independent means, and came over to this country for the purpose of tracing up the genealogy of the Pilgrim Fathers who left England in tha Mayflower. Some idea of the great labour he went through for this purpose may be gathered from the fact that he obtained a written copy of the parish register of every church in Eng- land and carefully indexed the whole. His researches at Westminster Abbey excited the warmest inte- rest of the late Dean Stanley, at whose instance, and with the cordial approbatiun of the Chapter, he published in 1876 a work entitled "The Marriage, Baptism, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster." which was dedicated to the Queen and was presented to Her Majesty by Dean Stanley. The deceased- besides being a Fellow of the Historical Society, was also a member of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society, and of numerous other historical societies in the United States. Last year the hono- rary degree of D.C.L. was conferred on him by the University of Oxford, He was one of the founders of the Harleian Society, and was a well-known con- tributor to various periodicals. The American Minister, Mr. Lowell, was one of those who visited him during his brief illness, and regret will be felt on both sides of the Atlantic at the news of his death, which was caused by internal cancer. THE EABMKC3 OF GOLD DIGGERS.-The statistics of tl. colony of Victoria, prepared by Mr. Hayter, the Government statist, show how completely the business of gold digging has been deprived of its old feverish excitement, and has subsided into a regular pursuit offering what in the Colonies must be con- sidered very humble remuneration. The value of the gold obtained in 1880 per miner was a trifle under E82, representing only about twenty ounces but as Mr. Hayter points out the common assumption that this indicates the digger's "average earnings" is a fallacy, the fact being that a very large proportion are merely em- ployes of companies and others using expensive plant, and are therefore working at wages which necessarily average considerably less. Yet the number of men who are content to follow this branch of Colonial in- dustry amounts to 38,568, which, though much less than the 63,787 who were at work in 1869, is still a large number in a population of only about 800,000. These facts afford at least a sufficient answer to the old fears of depreciation in the value of gold owing to its supposed greatly diminished cost of production. A TALKING CANARY.—" N. W." writes to Land and W<t<er .-—A lady living at St. John's Wood is the possessor of a very remarkable canary, which she has brought up from the nest. The bird is of a pure breed, and not only speaks words, but sentences, in so clear a tone that if you did not see it you would think it was a human speaker with a sweet voice and accent. Between his conversation he breaks out.into melodious song. All who have heard this feathered prodigy pro- nounce him to be a perfect wonder; he is not at all shy or timid with strangers, I shall be glad to let any of your readers who are interested in him know where he may be seen. KIDNEY BEANS.—The Gardeners' Chronicle says :— Of these there are a great number of varieties, but among them all there are none equal to the scarlet- runner. London market gardtnera and others grow scarlet-runners in rows about a yard apart, without sticks but, freely as they bear when so treated, they afford the best results when allowed to climb in their own natural way up stakes, which should not be less than six feet high and if the bines are stopped once they branch out and produce a great number of blossoms. To get these to set freelv it is necessary that the ground be prepared before sowing by being trenched or dug very deep, so that the roots may be enabled to get well down and if the rows are then mulched by laying a good dressing of half-rotten manure along their sides, the plants will bear prodigious crops. To enable them to swell their poda without check or suffering they should be heavily watered at least once a week during hot dry weather, and if they can have a soaking of sewage occasionally all the better, as that will be a great help Ly the stimulating effect it will have. The most economical way of growing scarlet runners, so far as land is con- cerned, is to have the rows wide apart, and plant celery between, by doing which both are benefited as the beans are fully exposed to light and air and under such influence they are fruitful, and bear from base to summit. Thick seeding should be avoided as the plants only choke each other, and there is nothing gained by having them nearer than six inches, which is quite near enough, and in rich ground they may with advantage be planted even further apart than that. A sowing made at any time from now up to the middle of June will come on and continue in good bearing till destroyed by frost, I THE PROPORTION OF VOTERS TO POPULATION.— Over the whole of the United Kingdom the number of voters has increased during the past year by about U per cent., or from 3,077,489 to 3.134,801. But the I number of Irish voters has fallen off bv more than 3 per cent. since 1880, or from 231,536 to" 224,275. The average proportion of voters to population is about one in eleven (or exactly one in 11'2). But while on an average there is one seat in the House of Commons to about 535,000 persons, the actual distribution of seats presents the following anomalies :-England and Wales, with 83 per cent. of the population of the United Kingdom, return only 73 per cent. of the members of the House of Commons. Scotland, with 91 per cent. of the population, returns 8i per cent. of the House; and Ireland, with 7 per cent. of the population, returns 151 per cent. of the House of Commons. At the same time, the voters in Ireland are only about half as numerous in relation to her population as is the case in Great Britain, the ratio being 1 in 22, instead of 1 in lIt. Every Irish seat represents under 22,000 voters, while every British seat represents more than 50,000 voters. A DEVICE FOR INDUCING CHILDREN TO SAVE.— It is very difficult indeed to induce children to save money (says the St. James's Gazette). In vain is high interest promised to them by their anxious parents. They prefer getting rid at once of the-principal; and if they do not quite know how to spend it, they will lend it to a friend rather than keep it idly by them. The American children seem less disposed to economy than even our own and, in order to inspire them with a taste for hoarding, money-boxes are invented which, at each fresh deposit of a coin, do something to give the child pleasure, and thus recompense it, at least in seme degree, for the pain it feels at parting with ready cash. An American scientific paper publishes a description of a child's savings bank," just patented, which bears on one side of the slit for receiving money the figure of a chicken-stealer" leaning over a hen. coop, and on the other that of a dog. When a piece of money is dropped into the bank or box the dog "goes for" the chicken-stealer, who, suddenly remov- ing his hat, exhibits chickens within it, while at the same time chickens thrust their heads out from the coop. All this must be well worth a small piece of money which the ingenuous child without savings of its own would generally be able to get by praising the excellence of the performance to its parents' acquaintances. i O^EIl0NAUTI0AL SOCIETY OF GREAT BRITAIN.—In 1868 the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain held their first exhibition at the Crystal Palace. Inventors have thus been stimulated to such a degree that numerous experiments have been made, resulting in the principles of flight being better understood. It is proposed to hold another aeronautical exhibition in 1883, at which it is intended to offer prizes for a light motive power intended to convey a weight through the air; for the best form of aerial apparatus of dimensions equal to the conveyance of a man and any appliance for effecting aerial transport, whether by muscular or other power; for the best mechanical model which shall be made to fly sufficiently long to enable a decision to be formed as to its weight- carrying capacity and duration of flight with a con- tinuous power. THIEVING STARLINGS.—I have been much inte- rested lately in the various anecdotes of birds which have appeared in your columns, and send you an account of a theft by some starlings, which oocurred in my garden to-day. My wife gave out a quantity of lace to be washed, and it was spread on the lawn to dry. A thunderstorm coming on three hours after, the maid went out to bring the lace in, and, to her amazement, found it had all disappeared. After a fruitless search up and down the garden, her attention was attracted to something white waving from the top of a tall elm tree she at once recognised it as one of the missing articles, a piece of lace between two and three yards long. The gardener soon procured a ladder, and, on reaching the spot, discovered a starling's nest with two eggs in it, and the remainder of the lace all crammed into it. We often hear of the propensity that rooks and jackdaws have of appropriating different things, but I had no idea that starlings were so mis- chievously inclined, especially as they were not build- ing, and my residence is in the suburbs of the City, with houses in close proximity.-T. H. N. BARTLEY, in Land and Water. No WONDER Give you ten cents?" echoed a citizen who was halted on the street by a tramp- "why should I give you ten cents?"—"To buy a cork-screw," was the calm reply.—"And what on earth do you want of a cork-screw? To pull the cork from a beer bottle."—" I can't let you have it." —" Very well," said the tramp, as he turned away. Here I find a bottle of beer in the road. If I had a cork-screw I could drink the beer and sell the bottle for a nickel. But for want of ten cents I must break the neck, lose more or less beer, ruin the bottle, and like enough cut my throat on a piece of glass. It's no wonder that a poor man never gets along." PAUPER INTERMENTS.—A circular has been issued by the Local Government Board calling attention to the defective nature of existing arrangements for the burial of persons dying in workhouses, resulting in the burial of a pauper under a wrong name, in the interment taking place elsewhere than in the appro- priate cemetery, and in the performance of a burial service over a coffin not containing a body. It is sug- gested that the necessary arrangements for the decent interment rof paupers should be placed under the imme- diate direction of the master of the workhouse, and that, immediately after the laying out of a body, two legibly written tickets, bearing the name of the deceased, should be placed, the one outside the coffin, and the other affixed to the shroud. It is further re- commended that a proper plate, giving the name, age, and date of death, should be affixed to the lid of each coffin. WINE AND ELECTRICITY.—A curious experiment, according to the Paris newspapers, has recently been ;re made with wine at the entrepot in that city. A current of electricity was passed through a small cask of sour wine, aId at ths end of a few davs the wine was found to be grratly improved in quality, and to have acquired that flavour which has hitherto been supposed to come of age. It is said that the discovery of this new maturing process is owing to the accident of a thunderstorm having greatly improved a cask of bad wine in the cellars of a vintner at Carcassonne. DARWIN'S EXPERIMENTS.-A gentleman who visited Darwin several years ago says: "A place of great recreation for him was his conservatory, with an out- lying series of hothouses. In most of them there were no flowers, but everything was of the moss order. At my last visit he was absorbingly interested in the ex. periment of planting a shrub with the top down and roots up, to further illustrate his theory of reverse growth.' Long before he had the branch of a pecul/ar tree put with its leaf-end into the ground and top root rising as the highest bough, and curious enough, he succeeded in perpetuatingtiife, showing, as he philoso- phized, that light and heat and warmth are the essen- tial conditions of growth." FOR EXTERNAL U§E.—There is one text that was always thought a settler for teetotal people—it is that in which St. Paul advises Timothy to take no longer water, but to take a little wine for his stomach's sake. A learned prelate was much of this opinion. I can- not believe, Mr. S. said the bishop, "that under all circumstances it can be wrong for a Christian man to take wine, when the apostle distinctly prescribes it to Timothy for his stomach's sake. But the man of water was upsides with the prelate. "Hexternal application, my lud," says he. Hexternal applica- tion After hearing this the bishop was at fault and went home. A NEW MANUFACTURING DISEASE.—It has been observed that the manufacture of bichromate of potash has a singular effect upon the nose, manifesting itself in a curious manner. A little hole is formed on the septum or partition of the nose dividing the nostrils, and increases gradually until the partition entirely disappears, with the exception of its lewer part, so that to a superficial observer there is nothing the matter with the nose, except a little outward depression. It is noticed that as soon as the partition is destroyed the process appears to stop there, neither the lungs, air-tubes, nor throat being in the least degree affected. Some workmen at the chrome factory in Russia, where the disease has been chiefly watched, have been employed for ten years and remained unaffected, while with others the hole in the nose begins to be formed after one month's work, But that tne disease is something more than an individual peculiarity is evident from the fact that an inspection of all the hands proved that more than 50 per cent. of the men had diseased noses. The early symtoms are a slight tickling of the part affected, followed by bleeding, but with no uncomfortable feelings, and, in fact, the destructive process is painless. PROFITABLE CHIMNEY. SWEEPING.—That some chim- neys are better worth sweeping than others was incon- trovertibly proved a few days ago at Berlin by the result of an experiment performed upon some soot with which the inside surface of an old flue, pulled down during the late alterations at the Royal Mint, was found to be thickly caked (says the Daily Tele. graph). This flue had served for many years as an outlet for the smoke given off by the furnaces in which the bullion undergoes fusion before its conversion into coinage and it occurred to the architect superintend- ing the repairs in question that it might be worth while to analyse the soot lining the chimney thrcugh which fumes of boiling gold and silver had passed in such quantities. The liquefaction of the less precious metal requires a temperature of 1,000 degrees Celsius, whilst that of gold cannot be effected under 1,250 de- grees. It is usual to bestrew the surface of these meta's, when in a liquid state, with charcoal, in order to hinder evaporation. But, at such a fierce heat as that above indicated, some evaporation is bound to take place, and its lesults were made manifest by the yield of four pounds' weight of pure gold, valued at something under four thousand marks, obtained from the soot that was scraped off the inside of the melting room chimney in question. OYSTERS IN ITALY—From the repcrt of Consul Depuis, the Italians would appear to have solved the problem of how to obtain a cheap supply of native oysters. The most extensive ground of all, and that from which most of the oysters consumed in Southern Italy are obtained, is known as the Mare Piccolo or little sea, near Saranto, at the land's end of the peninsula familiarly known as the "heel of the boot," An immense number is said to be reared here, and the consumption of the produce of these beds alone is esti- mated to average seven to eight millions annually- the prioe being from half-a-crown to five shillings a hundred. The system of cultivation appears to be as successful as it is simple. From April to November bundles of brushwood are submerged in the outer sea, and to these the spawn is found to readily attach itself. They are afterwards raised, and those on which the tiny oysters have settled are, in a fashion which M. Dupuis describes, submerged in the "Mare Piccolo," where in about two years they attain their full size. DYNAMOGEN.—A new explosive has been invented by M. Petri, a Viennese engineer. The name given to it is dynamogen, and, according to the Neue Mili' tarische Blatter, it is likely to compete seriuuaiy with gunpowder. The inventor states that it contains neither sulphuric acid, nitric acid, nor nitro glycerine and that it cannot injure in any way either gun or iAC! tridge. The charge "f dynamogen is in the jorm of a solid cylinder, which can be ine^ased in quantity without being increased in size, by compression. Tho rebound of the guns with which the new explosive has been tried is said t9 have been very slight. It is also said that the manufacture of dynamogen is simple and without danger, that it preserves its qualities in tha coldest or hottest weather, and that it can be m»dt at 40 per gent, lew cost than gunpowder,

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