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(Bur bonbon CoutspouicnL


(Bur bonbon CoutspouicnL [We deem i): right to state that we do not at all time.1, i6intifjr ourselves with our Correspondent's opinions. The Royal Courts of Justice, in the Strand, are rapidly approaching completion and, so far as some of the offices are concerned, have been occupied for some time. When the building is finished, it will form the finest architectural pile in central London. Its architect sleeps his long Sabbath of repose in Westminster Abbey; but his work will remain for ages as a monument of his genius. It is not so im- posing as the river front of the Palace of West- minster but its internal arrangements are described as being eminently suitable to the purpose to which it is to be devoted. In a word, it is to be useful as well as ornamental. A criticism has often been passed upon Sir Charles Barry's Houses of Parliament that utility has been to a great extent sacrificed to stateliness, and the House of Commons itself is quoted as an illustration of this saying, as it will not seat three-fourths of its members. But at the time when the proportions of that chamber were decided upon, Sir Charles Barry took counsel with all the eminent authorities whose opinion was likely to be of any service, and it was agreed that the Commons' chamber ought to be one for the transaction of busi- ness, where much of the talk would be of a conver- sational character, and not a place merely for the pur- pose of rhetoric and debate. The late Lord Chief Justice Cockburn once de- clared prophetically that in the New Courts of Justice he should never sit; but he was at that time of so advanced an age as to render the truth of his prog- nostication more than probable. It could, however, scarcely be anticipated that the same would be said of a judge who was elevated to the Bench only this year at the age of fifty-four-a time of life when the successful lawyers of the past generation were beginning to seize the flood-tide of fortune. For instance, Lord St. Leonards, at his death a few years ago, was 94; Lord Lyndhurst was 90; Lord Brougham was 89; Lord Campbell, 81; Lord Chelmsford, 84; Lord Hatherley, 80. Many other examples of legal longevity might be recorded; and both the profession and the public were alike startled at the premature removal of the latest appointment to the Court of Appeal. The selection of Sir John Holker for that distinguished post by his. political opponents was a tribute to his great worth, and there general regret at the sudden closing of a career which promised to combine such useful and excellent work. Amongst the numerous organizations which have come into existence within the past year or so is the Women's Protection and Provident League, its opera- tion being suggested by the overplus population of women, (as shown by the census of 1881,) who have to make their own way in the world. One of its objects is to procure the appointment of women as inspectors or sub-inspectors of factories, in which females are employed. Lcrd Shaftesbury is among those who have heartily taken up the movement. It is argued in its support that it is only common fairness to women that they should be allowed to inspect those workshops and factories where numbers of their own sex are employed. The principle is beginning to be more and more recognised that ladies might very well be appointed to positions the duties of which involve the superintendence and care of women. For forty-five years a lady has ruled over these realms, and this fact has had something to do with breaking down the prejudice which so long existed against the general employment of women in positions for which they are naturally fitted. Already has the boating and bathing season been characterised by the loss of several lives, and as the summer heat increases, unless the experience of pre- vious years should be happily falsified, the number of fatal accidents from this cause is likely to be propor- tionately augmented. The number of deaths by drowning in the United Kingdom within a single year ii a startling chronicle. The latest return showed that within twelve months 136 persons lost their lives by the upsetting of pleasure boats and 423 through bathing. The number of rescues in the two classes of fatalities were 54 and 146 res- pectively. Although in proportion to the populations of our great cities the fatal accidents through these causes are few, there can be little doubt that the art of swimming is in a backward condition. It is true its importance is beginning to be more generally re- cognised but it is obvious that while football and cricket are deservedly encouraged, swimming, besides being an equal healthful exercise with either, has the additional advantage of imparting an acquirement, which at any time in after life may prove of inesti- mable value. The progress of Great Paul" from Leicestershire to London was watched with much interest, and the satisfaction with which the news of its arrival in the metropolis was received, made up a testimony to the appreciation of the existence of a considerable diffi- culty, and the successful accomplishment of a great task. It was said of the late Mr. Brunei that rather than have no difficulties to overcome in the course of his professional career he would create them in order to show less gifted people how easily obstacles might be surmounted. But in this case there was no oceasion whatever to magnify the troubles surrounding the transport of this huge bell along mile after mile of country road to the capital, and the cheers which rose from the crowd whea it was safely deposited in St. Paul's Churchyard were but an echo of the feeling that England owes much of her preseBt position amongst the nations to the fact that her sons have endeavoured to perform great deeds and have succeeded. It is remarkable that St. Paul's, which for two centuries after its erection possessed no peal of bells, has now not only a peal of twelve, but the biggest bell in England. Hitherto the West- minster bell, at the Houses of Parliament, has possessed this distinction, and its sound can be heard for miles. It is doubtful whether Great Paul" will excel it in the distance at which it will be heard for the bell in the Westminster Clock Tower is much higher, and its notes, when once flung out upon the air, have free circulation far above the roof of any structure whatsoever. The Clock Tower of St. Paul's is much lower; consequently the sound of the bell will not be so well able to escape from amid the mass of buildings surrounding the Cathedral. Before the House of Commons rose for the Whitsun- tide recess, one of its Select Committees was engaged in inquiring into a subject which had previously been the cause of considerable excitement upon the Stock Exchange. This session several Bills were promoted in Parliament for establishing private companies whose object it was to supply the electric light; the Board of Trade then came forward with a plan of its own, and all the schemes were referred to a Select Committee, which will recommend the adoption of a public bill dealing with the whole question of this means of lighting on the lines of the suggestions thrown out by the Board of Trade. From the financial commotion over the electric lighting shares which has taken place upon the Stock Exchange, there seems to be a general con. currence of opinion that a comprehensive change is imminent in the appliances for the production of artificial light. Parliament Square, the ornamental garden imme- diately contiguous to the Palace of the Legislature and to Westminster Abbey, has in recent years had ome very excellent additions made to its statues. Mr. Canning, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Palmerston, and Lord Derby are amongst these and most of them are represented as looking towards the scene of their legislative labours and oratorical triumphs. In this list Lord Palmerston was singular in having been a member of the House of Commons during the amazing term of sixty years. To these statues is now to be added that of a statesman who was a colleague of dome of those above mentioned, and an opponent of others. Lord Beaconsfield's parliamentary career extended over forty-four years, and he was twice Prime Minister of England. His statue for Parliament Square has been completed. It is ten feet in height, and represents the noble earl in his robes as a peer of the realm. The Memorial Committee have expressed their perfect satisfaction with the manner in which the work has beenfexecuted. Another post otnee improvement which is being carried out in London is worth a passing notiea. In many towns upon the Continent there has long been a simple apparatus in pillar letter boxes for indicating the time at which the next clearance would be made. Information of the same kind is now supplied in many of the pillar boxes in the metropolis. Hitherto the public have had to be content with the setting out of the hours of collection on the white plae on the face of each box; but it sometimes happened that the postman, should he be fleet of foot, and not particular to a few minutes, cleared the box before time; whereas if he suffered from rheumatism the chances were in favour of his being late. But there was no absolute certainty over the matter; and no one who had not actually seen the postman clear the box could be sure whether he had passed or not..Now, however, in many qaees, and more especially fit the City, after each cW^frnce there is a moveable plate let into the front of Ut box- Next collection at 5.30," or whatever the hour may be, and this is a great convenience to all classes. The reform is a small one, but appreciable. The establishment of a. Parcel Post is now what the publid £ ,re waiting for, and which they would welcome as supplying a want which has long been felt, more especially by i-he trading community. So far as the metropolis was concerned, there could not have been a more favourable day than Whit-Mon- day for ont-door enjoyment. A moderate breeze, the sun not too hot, and about sixteen hows of daylight— what mors could be desiredfby those who went out in the morning fer the pur pot-e of speeding a long day of recreation It bat often been said that whatever London doe", it does well. See it at its work, and note the business energy of the city man at noon; and any one would be convinced that whatsoever he findeth to do, that he doeth with all his might. Again, when London re- solves to take holiday, it does 80 really and truly. Cheapside on such an occa3ion is as quiet as though it were Sunday; and with the closing of Ex. change and Mart, the busy toilers pour out of town for the day. No provincial town keeps Bank Holi- day in anything like the same proportion as it is ob- served in Lor don, where the people work and enjoy themselves with equal heartiness. The weather this time was so favourable that every open space within anything like an easy distance of the capital was crowded; and this applies more particularly to Epping Forest, so recently declared by the Queen to be open to her subjects for all time.




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