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IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT.

REWARDS FOR SAVING LIFE.

"FIRING" HORSES.

THROWING STONES AT RAILWAY…

MACHINERY AND FOREIGN¡. COMPETITION.

SIR SALAR JUNG,-

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SIR SALAR JUNG, (From The rtmes ) The career of a native ^tatesuaan in India due? not attract the attention of ihe multitude at home unlets his name happens to be associated w,th some Imperial measure, in which case he is seldom favourably men- Sed AS long a, he is en*a>ed in tne Government of some Native State, improving its c-jndi'ion, dire^mg its internal economy, and regulating its hnances ha is only known lo the Indian Government and its ser- vants, and he is generally all the batter for b'S ob- scurity. But from the time that Poorneah won the ad- miration of one of tae ablest .;f our own siatesmen down to the pr-seut moment, the Nitive Soates of Hindost^n have rarely failed to produce administrators of marked abUity The visit of the Prince of Wales has pro- duced many results which were not fo^en by t most sagacious observers at home or abr<?adl Jt likely to leave an indelible mark on the history of the relations between EnSla?f. an^;r Had that tour never been undertaken air toalar Turn? would in aU probability, have come to "England; but he would have appeared among us in different, and, in all likelihood, in less agreeable, circumstances. Eminent as his services ave ee^i and remarkable as his-career has been, there are many thousands who ask, Who is Sir Salar Jung? And there are many thousands who have never heard of his name. It was a revelation to millions, indeed, to hear that there were still Native States in India with Courts, Ministers, and Armies of their own. We fear that there are some, even among the educated classes, who would be puzzled to give a very definite account of the Deccan, or to describe the territories of the Nizam, and the nature and relations of the State and of its ruler wi h tbe British Government. the Deccan been involved m the troubias <of 1857;8, a*. Gwalior and Indore were, we shoulri, no douht, have been acquainted with the particulars, but the services which were rendered to the British Govern Lent at that eventful period were of the utrno-t value and magnitude, although they, ^natel did not used to be written in char-vc^r« of blood. The Deccan extends over nearly^ 100 000 square mibs, and is peopled by 10.000,000 inhaoitauts, of whom the vast majoiity-pn-bably nine in ten are Hindoos. The soil U generally good and produces u t ton in abundance. Coal and iron LGiDes have been d. aud the great rivers Kiutna, Toiribudra, and Godavery drain the va-t plateau which forms tne BULK of the land and open it to the Eastern and Western Oceans. The first Nizam established friendly relauons with the English Governor of Fort St. David in 1747, which were generally maintained in the wars with the French and their allies, and, although for a time the ability and genius of Bussy secured the ascendancy of his councils and influence at Hyderabad, the troopsand resources of the Nizam were placed at our disposal in the campaign against Tippoo in 1791, and in the strug- gle with the Mahrattas, and the adiance has continued ?r> the riresent day. In 1853 S r Salar Jung was appointed to succeed his uncle, Seraj_ ool Moolk, as Dewan to Naseer ool Dowlah, who had just been forced by Lord Dalhouiie to assign to the superintendence of the British certain rich districts to secure the payment of debts alleged to be due for the pay of the Contingent which was kept up in accordance with the Treaty by the Deccan. He was only 19 years of age, and the condition of the State was one which might have appalled the boldest and most experienced of states- There was no money in the Treasury—the «?ste^ °,f taxation was wasteful and unproductive Although the Residents at the Court of Hyderabad had been for manv vears possessed .of paramount power, they ap- plied their energies to the sole object of securing British interests, and did not interfere m the internal affairs of the State with a view to their improvement. Iu fact, as long as the enormously expensive Contin- gent was paid, they cared little for t ie manner in wLi ;h the money was raised. Armed bands, miscalle i soluiery, carried terror and dismay through the coun- try, and created disturbances and riots in the to wag at their pleasure. Hyderabad waR a hot-bed of turbulent fanaticism. Arab mercenaries and Rohillas, ever ready for miscbief, paralyzed the arm of law and order, blighted trade and commerce, and threatened at any moment tj require the attention of the Governor- General,' at that moment Lard Dalhousie, whose rrethods in Buoh cases were terribly earnest- Salar Tunsr began his work by refusing to draw more than Sf the Bftlars of his office, and h.s example was fol- i L the other servants of the State. Ha put an end to the syptem of farixiin, the revenues he dis. couraged rti'j"immisration of Arabs and Robillas, and life. Bat while he was engaged in_ this Herculean task there came upon him a trial, tbe ^hTa and force of which can never be a E iropeau and a Chrisuan. He was a ^honoecan, and he served a Mahoiuedan btate._ The Power •nrWh had destroved the rule of Manomedan and •nrWh had destroved the rule of Manomedan and Hindoo alike was in the utmost peril. The Mutiny and Rebellion bad spread over India, and the Governor of Bombay probably told no more than tae truth when he telegraphed to the Resident at Hy^!raba^rT the Nizam goes all is lost." But the Niz*n did not eo Salar Jung, surrounded by armed crowds, who threatened and reviled him, held fait to the British Government. He held the control with a masterly hand, arrested and delivered over to punishment the rioters who attacked the Residency, and inspired the Resident with such a conviction of bis ascendancy and fidelity that he ordered the Hyderabad Contingent to join tbe British forces, with whom it rendered the most signal services. It would be foolish to P^'d that in his efforts he had the sympathy of the Mah^ medan populace, and that he did not encounter opposition and enmity. His merit u that he^ro e superior to the prejudices and passions of his co-reli- gkmists and countrymen, and .that at the loss or h.s own popularity, and at the risk of a violent death, which more than once well-nigh befell him, he resolved to stand by the Power, even when it seemed at its death gasp, which had given some sort of peace to Hindostan and promised to guarantee its future pros- perity and advancement in the ways of modern civilisation. When the rebellion was put down Salar Jung set himself to work at the rest of hia solf-alloted task. Associated with his co Regent, the Ameer-el- Katie er, the very able man who jointly with him is charged with the direction of affairs during the non age of the boy Nizam, he has developed in the Deccan such enterprise and secured such a measure of peace and progress as have never been witnessed in India since the golden day? and the model rulers of whom the poets and historians tell such marvedous, if not apocryphal, stories. Roads have been made or restored, tanks built, wells dug, irrigation Works —meters of the firilt necessity-reneweri or created, railways made and planned, an efficient P"1'^ gradually introduced and extended, schools founded, education fostered, the Arab Chiefs restrained or con- verted to the cause of order, the irregular soldiery sup- pressed, the Rohillas disbanded, and Hyderabad so tranquillised that the members of the Prince s Buite who visited it were treated with the utmost civility. It may possibly be that they could not detect much plea- sure and friendlinees in the glances which they en- countered. But we should remember that an Egyptian officer charged with the superintendence of certain work on board one of the Khedive s ships in the Thames, who took up his abode at Limehouse, found it necessary after a time to lay aside his fez and put on a bat, in order to avoid the jeers and occasionally the more material proofs of dislike of the Ghrutians of 1 I- that religious district; so that we need not ne bur- prifed if the same sort of illiberally existed at Hyder- abad The Indian Government, to mark its sense of the services of Salar Jung, created him G^nd Cross of *hA Star of India, and restored to the Nizam the ■Rpirhoar Doab and Dharaseo. Sir Salar Jung is of princely rank by descent and possessed of large estates, but in bis taste a he is simple and unostentatious, as he is reeal ia his hospitalities and chanties. He speaks and Vm-Hsh. with ease and elegance, and his mwi* r "Si tttf .a E»gli,h officUl who « very much opposed to claims which S* Salar J ung was urging^on babalf of the Nizvm against the Govern- ment, said that he thought Englishmen of and ra.r.k should not be encouraged to go to Hjdera bad, as Sir Salar Jung was sure to make converts of them. The impression produced by the Nawab on strangers is certainly very agreeable, and it is not eff aced by further intercourse. In the painful discussion which arose in reference to the presence of the Nizam, who is a very sickly boy, at the Prince of Wales's Durbar at Bombay he never lost his dignity and temper when subjected to very strong insinuations, and he certainly won an easv victory over clumsy opponents m the Sta&llOTW « th. Kir'. h.dtl. aj,d ab litv to visit Bomb?y. The splendour of the deputa- tion wbiob he beaded evinced his desire to do honour Apparent and to pay respect to the to the Hei PP j>ombay and Calcutta he was treated wra m services and was much interested who was aware o^ his service a gufcherland> who 1U t to^Jderabad' was much struck by the practical went to Fydera goon be his guest, and sense of lhe Min «ter' d that no more remaikable peonage h £ vi £ d this country ;or many years from countries outside Europe than Sir Salar Jung.

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GAINSBOROUGH'S "DUCHESS OF…

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FASHIONS AT THE FRENCH DERBY.

THE COMMONS BILL.

CANADIAN IMMIGRATION.

THE WOUNDED IN TIME OF WAR;-

THE FRENCH CONVICT ESTABLISH.…

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THE SCIENCE OF HEALTH.

BEATEN OFF.

THE PLAGUE.

FLUNKEYIAN A.

THE USE OF TOBACCO.

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SELECTED ANECDOTES.

CATCHING TRAINS.

THE ATTRACTIONS OF SAUL.

AMERICAN HUMOUR.

THE MARKETS;