BEDDGOF An Goner C. Jones, tvyr David W. Joshua, (C48r. ivy son,) Aberdar. Marw'm Gomer wnaeth chwerwi-fy einioes, Oedd fwyn yn ei gwm'ni Nodau'm wyr edy i mi, Argyllaeth bir, o'i golli. CAERWYSON.
J. -———— n W'. ANT E D,-An UNDER WAITRESS; also a HOUSEMAID.—Apply at the BOOT HOTEL, A ERDA^F ANTED,—A SlTUAXjtfj.N as Plain Cook or Housemaid.—Ajrply at 37, Hirwain- "Yoad, Tti cynon^Ab^dgey' bt d. rpO BE LET, IYYOOTTAGE, HIGH-STREET, I_ ABERDARE. X Ariply to Mr. W. SMITH, Wernlas, near Menfchyr. 2JDABJ1 VILLAS, ABERDARE. f-J^O BE LET, with immediate possession, the I above desirable and genteel RESIDENCE, suitable for a ladies* seminary. The premises in- clude sitting rooui.kitcfien, &c., and a commodious school-room, together with seven bedrooms. For further particulars/apply to Mr. John Pugh, Gadlys Office, Aberdare. SPECIAL. WANTED, by a weU-k&wn and long rstab- litfhed Life Office,/T) 1ST RIC T AGENTS, to superintend localities* not now represented. Remumrative arraft^enpftents would b? made with persons properly qujtfLned. Address, O., Messrs. BBNTLEV & Co., Shoe-lane, Fleet-street, E.C. EDUCATION. TRECYNON /SEMI NARY: R. JENKIN JONES, MASTS*. DUTIES WILL BE RESUMED ON TUESDAY, DUTIES WILL BE RESUMED ON TUESDAY, JULY 19TH.
BIRTH. July 4th, the wife of Mr. Leyshon Rhys, V Hirwain, of a daughter.
S TO CORRESPONDENTS. 41 TauTH. Y our letter is unavoidably held over.
Saral PUBLIC TRIAL Of MR CALOW'S PATENT SAFETY -CARRIAGE AND DETACHING HOOK —On the 30th < sit., a public trial of the above-named invention 1 took pl ice at Messrs Lewis's New-pit, Cwmbacb, near this town,in the .'presence of a'number of col- liery proprietors, mining engineers, agents, &c., besides some thousands of oolliers. Amongst those present we noticed, Messrs Lewis, pro. prietors, Mr Evans, their manager; D. Rees, Esq., Lietty Shenkin; Messrs Heath & Evens Werta Colliery; Mr Smith, Abernant; Mr Wilkinson, Cwmpennar; Mr Brown, Mountain Ash; Mr Thomas, Cwmaman; Mr Bedlington, Blaen- igwawr; MriSnape, Powell's Dyffryn; Mr John- son, Mr W. H osgood, Gadlys Iron Works Mr Butson, Cwmdare Mr W. Thomas, Gadlys Mr Toppin, Hirwain; Mr John James, Park Pit, &e. &c. The first trial was accomplished by letting the empty carriage down to the bottom of 4he shaft, and then winding the same up to the wheel at full speed. The detaching hook detached the carriage from the rope, away went the rope over the wheel, the carriage remaining firmly suspended in the guides, there being nothing over the shaft to prevent its falling to the bottom. The success of this experiment was received with loud cheers from all. The second trial was si milar to the first only that an empty tram was first fixed into the carriage. The third and last trial took place in the following manner A loaded tram was put into the carriage, which with xoal, carriage, bridles," &c., weighed about 2 stons 15 cwts. The enormous weight was let ,down the shaft, and then brought up at a terrific •weed. The excitement at the time was intense. The hook coming in contact with the ring at once detached the burthen underneath, which at once became firmly suspended in the guides. The cheers which followed were loud and fre- quent. The majority of ithe gentlemen present came forward and heartily congratulated Mr Mr Calow upon his success and expressed them- selves as being quite satisfied as to the efficiency of his invention. As to the construction or principle of Mr Calow's invention we wish to say a word, as it is so entirely different to all others in its manner of action. We give an extract from W Engineering," which account maybe seen in » the Colliery Guardian," M Mining Journal," & English Mechanic," Oct. 8th, 1869, Calow's latent Safety Hoist. Practical engineers know that the great objection to safety apparatus for preventing accidents in hoists of miues, &c., hitherto invented has been this — they cannot trust to the old principle on account of the ter- rible amount of friction and destructive action. It is well known that every time the carriage' descends and ascends, the machinary is acted upon four times, which at modern collieries would amount to some thousands of times in a day, hence the great objection, because they cannot be kept in order without great care and expense. Mr Calow has, however, through years of ex- perience, overcome the objection in every way, Sor, by his arrangement of mechanism, it is not 'brought into play by the mere slacking of the rope, but when the rope breaks only, the repe not. bemtf in any way connected to the apparatus. The motion is obtained in a simple manner which constitutes for the apparatus its strong recom- mendation. Any one having studied the dif- ference between a falling body and the same body being let down a shaft at the greatest speed it is possible for an engine to accomplish, will find a great difference in their respective speeds: it is in the difference in the speeds wberein the motion is obtained, so that the carriage has to gravitate before the machine is acted upon. This is ac- complished in the following manner Across the top of the carriage is fixed a horizontal bar upon the ends of which the grips are fixed. The same „ bar has on it a weighted lever; this weight keeps a spiral spring compressed When the carriage becomes a falling body (i. e. falls at 16 feet in the first seoond,) the support of the spring ceases to exist, therefore I* (the spring) becomes of greater length, thrusting the eccentric jaws or grips into the guides and at once arrests the carriage." The invention is as simple as it is effective, but auy 4 one not being conversant with the law of gravita- tion, will at first sight wonder what is the cause of the action. To put it in another way it is im- possible for a spring to remain compressed be- tween two falling bodies. We understand that immediately after the trial several gentlemen resolved to call a meeting by way of arranging as to the most proper way of appreciating Mr Calow's invention, and to get up a testimonial for him as an acknowledgment of the importance they attach to such a life-saving apparatus. We j beg to congratulate Messrs Lewis for being the first in South Wales to adopt the use of such a Valuable invention, of which they have it to every carnage at work the Lietty Shenkin Go. are also having two; Messrs Heath, Evens & Co, Werfa Colliery, two, and other eminent firms in the neighbourhood have given the inventor orders. From what we hear the inventor has spent thir- teen years in bringing it to what it is, and given up a trade, besides having spent a large amount of money, and encountered of much anxiety, but we hops that he will meet with the encourage- ment lie deserves. We may add that Mr Calow was so confident of the success of his inventioo that he proposed to ride on the carriage at tbo first trial, but the proprietors did nut consider it at all inecessary for him to do so. TOWN NATIONAL SCHOOLS.—On Thursday in last week, the children connected with these schools had their annual treat. The number pre- sent was nearly 600, which included about 60 <wbo attend the Sunday School only. They as- sembled at the schoolrooms at 3 o'clock, and soon afterwards a procession was formed, in which were carried a number of neat and tasteful flags aud banners, and accompanied by the teachers and friends of the aciiuol they passed through Cardiff and Commercial-street* to the vicarage the Hay. Canon JdjkiQg with his W,-Il known kindness and liberality having placed his gronnfis entirely at the disposal of the schools for the day. On tllllr arrival the children were received with great cordiaiity by the Vicar and hid visitors, and were conducted to the lawn in front of the house. They present d a nost neat and orderly appear- ance and V. ry pretty they look d as they wound round the walk: their banners fluttrring gaily in ciao: breeze. The teachers wan arranged them in ranks upon the lawn, and gr,Cj having been sung all sat down u^on the grass, and were soon bountifully supplied with tea and cake by the numerous ladies and gentlemen present, and most thoroughly they seimed to enjoy it. thus served in true pic-nic style. Having served the children to repletion, the visitors, who comprised many of the principal inhahitants of the town, took t-a, which had been laid for them in the vicarage; the children meanwhile singing several songs, rounds, &c. All then proceeded to the field ad. jacent to the vicarage, which was kindly per- mitted by Dr. Jones, who now occupies it. Here a large quantity of fruit, sweets, &c., soon appeared on the scene, a' d these with a variety of games improvised by the ladies and gentlemen present, m-my of whom did th ir utmost to pro. mote the enjoyment of the children, served to pass the evening but too quickly. At dusk all again assembled and sang the National Anthem Thev then gave thne lusty cheers for the vicar, Dr. Jones, and all the other kind friends who had contrihuted to their enjoyment, and w-jre dismissed to their homes thoroughly pleased with the day's treat. A MERTHYR DIVORCE CAsE.-tn the Divorce Court, at Westminster, on Friday last, before Lord Penzance, Judge Ordinary, the case of Cooker v. Cocker and Gay was tried. Mr Bay- ford appeared for the pt titioner. The respondent neither filed an answer to the petition nor ap- peared at the hearing by counsel nor otherwise. The co-respondent .filed au answer denying the charge of adultery, but did not appear personally or by counsel at the bearing. Originally there was a claim for damages, but the petitioner with- drew that, haviug, counsel stated, on desire to accept any money as the price ofhis wife's shame. The petitioner is Mr John L. Cocker, manager of the Merthyr Gasworks, and he was married to the respondent, whose maiden name was Maty Giles Pain, at St. David's Church, Merthyr, on the 14th July, 1861. The co-respondent is Mr Edwin Ro- bert Gay, a chemist and dentist, living in High- street, Merthyr, and practising as a dentist peri- odically in the town and neighbourhood of Brid- gend. Mr and Mrs Cockerlived happily together at Merthyr until early in 1869, when he became suspicious of her frequent visits to the shop of (jay and oautioned her against it. She said she went on business, and there was no harm in it: but he afterwards found she persisted in continuing her visits, and he again cautioned her. On one occasion he came home at an unusual hour, and found Gay in his house, behind the front door, with Mrs Cocker, and when he came upon them Gay said something about extracting a tooth. That was the only time he had ever seen Gay in his house. Subsequently he was induced to take the management of his household affairs into his own hands, and requested Mrs Cocker to give him the keys. She refused several times, and he threatned to break the locks if he did not get them. He ultimately got the keys, and in Mrs Cocker's drawers found a number of letters, with- out heading or signature, in the handwriting of Gay. Those letters contained many blanks and hieroglyphics understood only by the persons cor- responding, but there was incontestable evi- dence that it was a private correspon- dence unknown to the petitioner or the co-res- pondent's wife, and pointed clearly to an illicit intercourse between the parties. A further search was made, and in the wardrobe of Mrs Coekor a most obscene book entitled Scenes from she Seraglio," by the Author of the Lusty Turk," illustrated by a number of disgustingly lewd, coloured plates, was fouud. Mrs Cocker said that was given her by Gay, as also a, gold locket and other trinkets found in her drawers. She afterwards fell prostrate at her husband's feet and made a full confession, stating that she had committed adultery with ttay at her own house and at his house in his wife's absence. These facts were spuken to by the petitioner, and Mr Wm. Tom Flooks, a hairdresser, living next door to Gay's house, deposed that he had frequently seen Mrs Cocker go to Gay's house as otten as twice a day, and several times during the week. She would generally remain a long time, a oouple of hours or more. and on one occasion about ten minutes after she had gone in he saw the blinds of the drawing-room window pulled down, and they remained down all the evening until after eight o'clock, at which time the co-respondent's shop- boy told him Mrs Cocker had not left. His Lordship pronounced a decree nisi, with costs.- Mail.
ABERDARE POLlOE COURT. TUESBAY.—(Before J. C. Fowler and R. H. Rhys, Esqs.) DRUNK AND DisoRDERLY.-Ed ward Watkins was charged with being drunk and riotous in Canon-street, on the 4th inst.-P.C. Jenkins proved the case. Fined 5s and 5s 3d costs, or seven days.—John Sullivan was charged with being drunk in Dean-street, on the same day. P.C. Melhuish proved finding him in a helpless state of drunkenness lying on the road with a crowd of people around. Fined 68 and costs.— John Davies and Daniel Davies, two youths, employed as strikers at a smith's shop, were charged with being drunk and riotous on the 4th inst. P.C Melhuish found them at a quarter past eleven o'clock at night, fighting with each other. They told him they had been drinking a "footing." Fined 5s and costs each.—John Driscoll, who was found helplessly drunk in Canon street, waS fined 7s 6d including costs.- John Morgan was fined 5s and costs for being drunk and fighting in Canon-street, on Saturday Qight. Inspector Howlett proved the case.— William Jones was fined 5s and costs for a similar offence in Napier-street, Mountain Ash, on Saturday night. P.C. Jenkins proved the case.— David Jones was fined 5s a»d costs for a similar offence in Commercial-place, on Friday last.- Elias Parry was charged with a similar offence in Fforchaman-road, on the 25th June. P.C. Childs proved the offence. Fioed 5s and costs.—David Morgan was fined 10s and costs for a similar offence at Trecynon. P.C. Thorney proved the charge. John Hughes was fined 5s and costs for a similar offence in Hirwain-road, on the 25tb June. P.C. Powney proved the case. PERMITING GAMING. — Willain Evans, land- lord of the Oddfellows Arms, Commercial-place; was charged with permitting gaming at his house, viz., playing at skittles for a quart of beer. P.C. Melhuish, who proved the case, said the landlord admitted to him that the men were playing for beer. Fined 10s. and costs. OBTAINING HONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES.— Mark John, a lad ten years of age, employed as a doorboy.at one of the Blaengwawr collieries, was charged with obtaining under false pretences, 16s. Id., the property of his employers, Messrs D. Davis & Sons. Mr Evan Rees, clerk at Blaen- fwawr offices, said he recollected on the 25th une paying 16s. Id., Arthur Rogers's money, but he could not say who received it. David Davies, banksman, at Blaengwawr, said he was at the office on the 25th of June saw the prisoner there with a paper and money in his hand. Saw him receive two sums of money. Arthur Rogers, a lad, said he worked at Blaengwawr. Never gave Mark John orders to take money for him. Witness' sister usually fetched his money. P.C. Evans arrested prisoner and told him the charge. He said at first, I did not have any money there only my own." He afterwards aaid,"tf you will let me go, I'll tell you the truth. I did rise Arthur's money. It was half a sovereign, six shillings, and a penny, and I have spent it. I paid for some foggots, cakes, and some sweets, and some beer on Saturday night, and I paid for some porter on Sunday at the Bridend. I changed the half sovereign." The prisoner was committed to the assizes. GROSS IMMORALITY.—Margaret Wood, a re- pulsive looking woman, was charged with being a common prostitute and guilty of indecent con- duct in Glo'ster-street on the previous night. John Samuel, an equally dirty, idle looking mall, was also charged with being found in the com- pany of Wood and guilty of gross indecency in the public street. P.C. Melhuish proved the case. Both prisoners were remanded for a week. ASSAULTING THE POLICB.-William Davies and Mary Davies, man and wife, were charged with having assaulted P.C. David Clark in the ex- ecution of his duty on Mouday. The constable stated that at a qnartor past 4 o'clock, on Monday, he was on duty in Commercial-street and was called to the George Inn to put two men, who were fighting, out. He stopped the fight and asked tue men to go out but they refused. He turned one man out and then weut back into the house and requested William Davies to go out quietly. He refused to do ?o. He then took hold of him by the collar to turn him out, when Davies became very abusive and struck him on the face, looaeing two of his teeth. P.C. Cross said he saw the prisoner knocking and kicking Clark. He also put his hand in his (witness's) stock and tried to ohoke him. The woman was pulling their coat tails aud oatching hold of their arms, saying they should not take him. Inspector -iiL u 8 u prisoners resisted very much. — The Bench considered that William Davies had been guilty of a very bad offence towards Ciark ind lie was committed to Swansea gaol for three calendar months. The woman was fined 20s. aud costs, or 14 days in default. The woman upon hearing the sentence became very excited, fell into a fit, and had to be removed by some half a dozen constables, causing quite a sensatioo in court. ANoTHER. CHARGE OF INTERFERENCE WITH THE POLICE.—Jacob Jenkins and Jane Jenkins, his wife, were oharged with resisting P.C. Clatk in the execution of his duty on the 4th. P.C. Clark said Jane Jenkins was present when he was taking William Davies into custody. She put her arms aro-ind his neck and said he shuld not take him. She also kicked him several times. He pushed her away several times, but she still on till another constable came up. P.C. Cross saw the woraep struggling with P.C. Clark, catching hold of his coat. He took lane Jenkins into custody and she went into a fit. The husband thea came on and said he could not allow his wife to be taken into custody. The woman was fined 20s. and costs, the husband being excused, his wife having had a fit at the time. Another scene here occurred the defendant tainted away and had to be removed. COMMITTAL OF A BANKRUPT FOR TRIAL FOR AL- LEGED FRAUDULENT CONDUCT.—Richard Venables, butcher, of Hirw dn, a bankrupt, appeared on remand from the 21st ult., charged with attempt- ing to defraud his creditors by omitting from his shedul-i a life policy for JB200 effected in the British Nation Assuarnce Office, which office had since amalgamated with the European Office, and further denying all knowledge of it. Mr Linton appeared for the prosecution and Mr Simons for the defence. The case was adjourned on the former hearing for the production of the deed of amalgamation, and also for thj at- tendance of Mr Llewellyn Rees, the pro secuior appointt.d by the Court of Bankruptcy. —Mr Evan Hopkins, law-officer of the European Insurance Company, produced the amal- gamation dted of that office and the British Nation. It was dated March 15th, 1865. The seals were affixed in his presence. l'he witness who attested the execution is dead. He identifit-d the signatures to the deed.—Mr Llewellyn Reep, farmer, Cefnmaescar, Breconshire, said: My claim against the bankrupt is for stock sold.—Mr Linton obj cted. He was prosecutor appointed by the Court of Bankruptcy.—Mr Simons He is a creditor.-Mr Linton: I object. It is not a relevant inquiry. I do not care if he be a creditor or not.—Mr Fowler: You are bound to put him in the box, and then he is open to cross-examination. The question is, is that beside the question ?— Mr Linton I say it is. Cross-examination con tinued.— V]r Simons Who bought the policy ? Mr Linton I object. The question is the con- cealment of the policy. What has become of the policy is irrelevant.—Mr Fowler: We have had so much evidence about the sale that I do not think this should be excluded.—Mr Simons: I am going to show the conspiracy, and that the policy was not worth anything.—Witness: I told my solicitor to buy the policy and to go up to £10. I knew then that I was applying to the court to prosecute him.—Mr Liaton: I must object to such examination.—Mr Simons: It is to show up the conspiracy.-Mr Fowler: I think you should refrain from so serious a word. Mr Simons: I use it advisedly, and will show it before I have finished with the witness. It was a conspiracy to force the value of the policy up.- Witness I did not know that there was a debt due on the policy. I did not know where the policy was. My motive in getting the policy was to get my money. I wrote the letter referred to at the former hearing, with th j view of getting my money. MrSiinons proceeded to ask if Mr Lin. ton had advised him to do so. Mr Linton I never heard such an examination before. Why should he be bound to disclose the advice I gave him. Mr Simons: The attorney is not bound, but the client is. Mr Fowler decided that the evidence was ad- missible, but did not see how the case was to be advanced by it. He, however, did not see how the cross-examination could be shut out. Witness: I wrote the letter at home. Did not see Venables after I did so. I meant, by saying that I would drop proceedings if I got my money. that the only thing I wanted was my money.- (After some hesitation.) I referred to no proceed- ings. Mr Simons Were you instructed, or did you instruct Mr Linton in this prosecution. Wit- t ness 1 give Mr Linton instructions to act for me. Mr Fowler then gave the following decision:— We think we have no alternative but to send this charge of misdemeanour for trial. The real value of the policy is left in much doubt, and the sale of it took place under circumstances which probably prevented it from being a true criterion of its proper price in the market, for the witness Kenahole stated that he does not believe that any mention was made at the sale of the sum bor- rowed on the security of the policy, and which would, of course, have to be paid off before pos session of it could be obtained. He added that he did not tell Mr Saunders, who was there bidding, that there was a loau upon the policy for fear he would not take it. A sale under these circumstances must be voidable. The result of it is that it leaves us in perfect uncertainly as to the market value of the policy. But on the other hand, it is certain that the policy for £200 on the li e of t ie bankrupt, and present defendant, does exist, and that he did not discover it on his examination as an existing item of personal effects. I say that this is so, because there is no proof that the legal ownership was out of the bankrupt at the time of the adjudication. Consequently we are bound to conclude that he had a continu- ing interest in it which was not exhausted or des- troyed, and however small it might be he was ob- liged by law to discover it. It is true that an order to bring the bankrupt under these clauses there must be a fraudulent intention. We have doub- ted whether the circumBtanses of the sale and the loan, and the particular office mignt not prevent an actuary from annexing any appreciable value to the policy at the time of the examination, and whether the bankrupt might not have taken that view of the instrument. But upon the whole, we do not feel ourselves at liberty to act up jn that doubt, for the presumption is that the policy must be worth something. His attention was specially called to the matter. He made state- ments in a judical examination which were untrue to his knowledge, and we feel obliged to decide that there is such a strong and probable presump- tion of fraudulent concealment that he must take, his trial upon these charges if bills be founcT against him." The defendant was then com- mitted for trial, bail being accepted.
DISINTERMENT OF BODIES AT G WAWR CHAPEL. SERIOUS CHARGE AGAINST THE REV. MORGAN PHILLIPS. The Rev. Morgan Phillips, minister of Gwawr Baptist Chapel, Alieraman, appeared in answer to several summonses. The first charge was, that he did on thb 17th of June labt, in a certain burial ground belonging to Gwawr Chapel, the same being a meeting-housa of a congregation of Pro- testant Dissenters from the Church of England there situate, to wit at Aberamao, unlawfully and wilfully did break and enter a certain grave in the said burial ground, in which the bodies of Elizabeth Michael and John Michael before then had been interred, and the said grave, unlaw- fully, wilfully, and indecently did dig open, and remove the remains of the said bodies out of the said graves, unlawfully and indecently did re- move and carry away against the peace of our Lady the Queen, her Crown, and dignity. Mr. Simons appeared for Mr. Michael Michael, and Mr Frank James for the defence. There was also another case, in which Mr. Rosser appeared for a Mr Rees Evans. Mr Simons, in opening the oase, said the first charge was taken on the asau nption that the de- fendant had no authority from the Secretary ot State, he (the defendant) having refused to pro- duce such authority when requested to do so. But, granting he had such authority, he contended that it was au exceedingly limited one, and the removal could not be effected without the consent of the friends of the deceased. The Secretary of State could give no authority to interfere with a private burying ground. It was sacred and where the remains were put, there they should be allowed to reposp, ant any one interterin.; was liable at common law to a prosecution. That was his first position. He further held that, in interfering with the remains of persons buried in a Noncon- formist burial ground, the arrangements must be carried out with the utmost decency; but in the case before the Bench some ot' the bodies had been kept four days without being reinterred, and carts were driven over some of the graves crush- ing in the remains. No Secretary of State could sanction that. Again, only those named in the certificate could be removed. One of the bodies was taken into a roo n and disappeared. Mr James Which of them ? Mr Simons One of the children was without a name. He would apply to have the summons altered to three children. Mr James objected. Mr Simons said, then he must apply for another summons. The following evidence was then given .— Michael Michael: I live at Aberaman. I have had three children bimed at the Gwawr chapel burial ground. The last was burried in Ootober, 1854. No application Was made to me about their being raised. In consequence of what I heard I went to the ohapel yard about half past four in the morning on the 18th June. Saw a square hole made 3 £ yards wide. There was plenty of room for all the bodies in that hole, There was no proper grave made except that hole. The bodies of my children were not in the vestry. The bodies remained without a proper place from Saturday till Tuesday. There Were two others removed and put into this hole. I asked Mr Phillips to show me his authority. He said "No. Take me to a proper place and I will." I said I did not know the proper place, and I handed him the letter from you. They were properly buried afterwards on the Tuesday. There was no ser- vice orcbapel on Suuday. I was before the Board of Health when an application was made. He said he did not want to touch any bodies except those of my children. The Chairman said they could not remove the bodies but arch over them. By Mr James: The third Child was stillborn. It was not buried in a coffin. It was some kind of box, but not a blacking box. I never expressed a wish that the children ahould be reburied in Rees Jones's grave. I said that I was satisfied with the burying on Tuesday morning. My objection was to his burying the bodies in a hole with other bodies. My own senses told me that my children were to be buried there. I have been a member of the Gwawr congregation. I was dismissed from the congregation about twelve months ago. Jacob Jones: I am son of the late Rees Jones. My father was buried there. I went to Mr Phil- lips to ask him for his licence. I asked him after he had refused Mr Michael. He said he would not show it. 1 was not present when the bodies were raised. Cross-examined I know R-es Evans. Heard Mr Michael ask Mr Phillips to show his authority. I asked him as well. He said he wouid not do it. Mr James said their answer was the authority of the Secretary of State. His friend had laid d >wn his own law, which the bench would not think very valuable. He read the law, which they would think of value, by which it was exacted that if the licence were obtained the bodies could be removed. The licence, besides. had never been refused as stated. He, however, rested his defence on the licence. Mr Simons was much obliged for his friend's opinion of his legal knowledge, bat he might say, a3 a well-known judge once said, that he had nearly forgotten as much law as his friend had learnt* Tholt section did not apply, because this Was a Nonconformist burial ground. He put in the Secretary of State's letter to themselves, which fully explained the matter as he put it. Mr James objected to the letter being put in as evidence. The defendant was then charged with exceed- ing the terms of the license by removing bodies not specified in the licence, and also removing others, and these in an indecent manner, con- trary to the terms of the license. This summons, however, particularised two persons illegally re- moved. Mr James objected to any other persons not specified in the licence being spoken of. Mr Simons then applied to strike the Dames out. Mr James again objected. They were bound to particularise. Mr Simons said they were not tied to the terms of the names under a videlicet. He wanted the charge to be general. They had removed bodies which were not named in the licence. Mr Fowler ruled in favour of Mr James. Mr Simons said that would only involve another summons. He would, however, proceed with the charge ot removing them indecently. Michael Michael recapitulated his evidence. This was the case. Mr Simons applied for a general summons for removing persons whose names were not to be specified. Mr Rosser also applied for the same kind of summons. Both were granted. Mr James then replied on the second summons, and submitted that there was no evidence to prove it. There was no intention of indecency. It was in consequence of Michael's request that the delay in the burial took place. It was intended to have buried the children in a separate grave. W. Davies, foreman of the workman, proved how the work was done. By Mr Simons: I bricked certain graves by order of Mr Phillips. Cannot say if I spoke to Michael 0& the Saturday. Knew nothing of the bodies, the hole, or anything concerning them John Simon, collier, said: Before Michael's children were raised a proper sizjd grave was formed for them in the chapel yard. Michael came there, but the coffins were not then raised; that was done afterwards. He said he wished them to be buried in Rees Jones's grave. He said, too, that be hoped they were not to be buried in the hole, for he wishtd to bury them in Jones's grave. He wished them to be kept for the purpose, and Mr Phillips said he could keep them in the vestry, which he agreed to. By Mr Simons: Will swear that no one of his children were out of the grave when Ann Pro- theroe went to fetch Michael. Four coffins were not taken up or near the hole when he was there. There were others there taking up bodies. Heard no one say they would go for the police, nor saw the polioe there. Cannot say how many bodies were put into the hole. There was no other open- ing at the time to put the children in. Michael did not object to the grave all the bodies were taken out that morning. He did not know of any other grave being opened. George Morgan corroborated Mr James's ex- amination of the last witness. By Mr Simons: Did not hear Mr Phillips say he had a right to bury the bodies where he liked. I buried three bodies in the largo grave. Thure was no other opening to receive the bodies. There was grumbling in the chapel yird about the proceedings. By Mr James: The bodies were raised after Michael agreed to their burial in Rees Jones's grave. By the Bench I can swear that the bodies were not raised when he came there the first time. fttke were two raised, and he thought they were his. I do not remember the naiii!is"of the thrje other bodies. John Simon recalled, in answer to the bench, said he did not take- the bodies to the edge of the large grave. Did not see Michael go to his grave and try it with an iron bar because they ceuld only produce two bodies. Michael Michael, recalled, said ha swore that four bodies w^re up at his first case. They were by the side of the large grave. Mr Fowler said the critical point was the last one. They would like to have more evidence. Mr Simons theiiocall,d Ann Protheroe, who, in answer to the Bench, said she called Michael to go to the graveyard about 4 30. Had been there herself. Saw little John Michael ready to be exhumed. The coffins were not up then. Went back again. Both of the coffins were then raised. When Michael went the first time the coffins were up. Mr Fowler said that, in reference to the first case, they were of opinion that there was not sufficient evidence to prove an outrage of de. cency,&c. Mr Simons would like the case to be adjourned, for he wished to take a point on. the Secretary of Stated letter to themselves. Mr Fowler consented. Mr James objected. The Bench had made up their minds, and the case must not be adjourned for an advocate to take a point. Mr Fowler asked Mr Simons to explain his point. Mr Simons said the point he was going to take was this, that the Secretary of State's licence did not apply where the consent of the parties had not been obtained. It gave no authority without that consent. The letter of the Secretary of State was handed to Mr Fowler, who, on reading it, immediately granted an adjournment of the first summons. Mr James said the letter could not be put in in evidence, and he hoped the Bench would not come to a decision that was not borne out and in- fluenced merely by such a letter. Mr Fowler said Mr James might rest assured that the Bench would not come to any decision that was not borne out and influenced by the law. Both summonses were then adjourned, and also the case inwhich Mr. Rosser was engaged.
GRAND PROTESTANT ASSOCIATION OF LOYAL ORANGEMEN. Friday, last week, may be regarded as a red letter day in the annals of the Order of Loyal Orangemen in this town, the ordinary Grand Lodge Meeting, or, in other words, the annual meeting of delegates, representing the various dis- tricts from all parts of England, having assembled at the Iron Bridge Hotel on that day. Repeated attempts, we understand, have been made from time to time to induce the Association to hold their annual gathering at Abeidare, but, up till now, without success. The previous Grand Lodge meeting, however, was held at Bristol, on which occasion the Aberdare Lodges were repre- sented by Mr David Nicholas (Iron Bridge) who expressed his belief that the members would be largely increased in numbers by the visit of the Grand Lodge to Aberdare. Aberdare, too, had yielded on a former occasion in favour of West- minster, The proposal was favourably received, and Aberdare was selected for the Grand Lodge meeting of 1870. Most of the delegates, some 90 in number, having had to travel long distances, arrived in town on the previous evening, and a sort of pre. liminary meeting of a very pleasant character took place in the Iron Bridge Hotel. A number of good songs having reference principally to Orangeism were sung, and the brethren did not break up till a late hour. At 9'30 on the following morning (Friday) the delegates formed in procession, and headed by the Rine Corps Band, walked through the princi- pal streets of the town, after which they met for th purpose of transacting the business of the Asso- oiation. The proceedings being private we are unable to publish them. At 6 30 p.m. the brethren sat down to a sub- stantial and excellent dinner in the spaoiou lodge room, to which ample justice was done The spread reflected great oredit upon the host and hostess, Mr and Mrs Nicholas. The table were adorned with flowers of the choioest des cription and the room was decorated with ever greens, &c.; at one end, stretching across the room, were the words Honour all men, love the brotherhood, fear God, honour the Queen," the motto of the Association. Masort Booth, Esq., Deputy Grand Master, presided. He was sup- ported on either side by the Rev. George Campbell, Grand Chaplain, New Swindon, Wilts T. G. Buchanan, Esq., G.M., South Shields; and other officials. After the removal of the cloth the company broke up and did not re- assemble until half-past 9, when the president remarked that as it had gut so late and some of the brethren were anxious to retire they should orly propose two or three toasts. The following toasts were then enthusiastically drunk The Queen"; "The great charter toast, the glorious and immortal memory of the gr.-at and good William III., Prince of Orange The most worshipful Grand Master, the Earl of Enniskillen," (who, through in. disposition, was unable to be present); "The Grand Chaplain, the Rev. G. Campbell;" The Deputy Grand Master, Booth Mason, Esq." The Grand See, W. H. Torriano, Esq., barrister- at-law;" who, through a family bereavement, was also unable to attend. The Grand Lodge Delegates to Toronto." The Rifle Corps Band Was in attendance, and, during the evening, per- formed an excellent selectiou of music. The proceedings were brought to a close at an early hour We understand that the next Grand Lodge Meeting will ba held at Portsmouth.
THE OLD MEETING HOUSE. In the current ;number of The Christian Freeman there is an engraving of the above named place of worship, taken from a photograph by our young townsman, Mr. David Phillips, Commercial-street, together with the following sketch of its history:- "This congregation traces its origin to one that had met for public worship, no one knows how long, at a singularly out of the-way place, called Cwm-y-glo (Valley of the Coal), near Merthyr, whither a faithful few within a circuit of twenty miles had been accustomed to wend their way in obedience to the dictates of their con- science. The ruins of the old chapel are still visible. About the middle of the last century the old chapel was found too small and too inconveni- ent. which led to the erection of Cefncocd, in 1747, of Ynysgau in 1749 (the latter became Independent about fifty years ago), which necessitated the erection of Twyn-yr-odin in 1821 (see Monthly Repos." 1820, p. 559), and of the Old Meeting House, Aberdare, in 1751, or about fifty years before any other Dissenting place of worship in the parish. The first minister of the Old Meeting House was Owen Rees, father of the Rev. Josiah Rees, of Geliionen,* and grandfather of Owen Rees of the publishing firm, Longman, R;es, ani Co., and of Dr. Thomas Rees, secretary of the British aud Foreign Unitarian Association, and editor of the Racovian Catechism, &c. A few hymns are all that remain of his literary labours; there are, however, many I and good reasons for believing that in opinion he was an Arian. He died March 14th, 1763, aged fifly-one, and was succeeded, fur short periods only, by one Edwards and David Evans. Of the former nothing is known, of the latter that he taugh! the Univ -rsal Fitlvr, was From seeming evil, stal educing good. In 1.772 Edward Evans, a mnnber of the con- gregation, was ordained minister. The following is a copy of the certificate, writt n by Dr. Jenkins', tutor of the Presbyterian College, Carmarthen: We whose names are inscribed, minister. of the Gospel, testify that the Rev. Edward Evans has been recommended to the Grace of God, on his solemnly devoting himself to the whole work of the Christian ministry, this 1st day of July, 1772 by us J. Jenkins, David Williams, SunueIDavies, Joseph Simmons, Philip Charles, Sim. Williams, Henry Thomas, Josiah Rees. Mr. Evans had not received a collegiate educa- tion, but he was a man of good abilities, under- stood English well, and was the author of a volume of poitry, which has gone through several editions. He died June 21st, 1798, aged eighty- two, and was succeeded by a young man named John David, who had just left Carmarth n College. Davis was succeeded by David Oliver in 1803, Jonathan Jones in 1806, and Thomas Evans in 1811. Evans was born June 20th, 1766, of humble parents, in a country place called Cap el St. Silin, near Brechfa, Carmarthenshire. He received but little education, but he h id that thirst for know.-dge which is often better, and soon made hi-nself a master of the English language, which opened to him fresh fields"and pastures new. He served for some time as a farm servant, afterwards learnt the trade of a weaver, which he continued to work at through life. Though brought up a Calviuist, he soon _1- LL broKe wun mem, and while yet a b .y us.d to be called Priestley Bach,' or Little Priestly but though intended as a reproach, he to,k a pride iu it, and in after years wtw-n he had got married he called two of his sons, respectively, Joseph Priestley, and Theophilus Lindsey.-f He was the means ofgcttiug a chapel erected in tha neighbour- hood of his birth, the banks of the Cothi. During his early years Europe was in a political ferm nt, and Evans took a strong liking for politics, wrote a good deal to the papers and denounced Pitt in no measured terms. During the stirring events of 1797 he made himself more conspicuous than ever. One day on the occasion of what is locally known as 4Cwrw bach', he visited the house of a poor woman who sold metheglin (mead), and while he Was there quatting the sweet beverage -the house being at the time full of company -singing and reciting became the order of the day. Evans took his turn, and recited some verses said to have been written by lolo Morganwg (that same Iolo who is referred to by Southey, the Poet Laureate, in his Madoc), the fourth verse of which was con- sidered treasonable. On the information of a Judas-like member of the company, and said also to be a deacon of his congregation, he .was appre- hended, tried before Judge Lloyd, and sentenced to two years' imprisonment, with the extra punishment of the pillory, at Carmarthen—that town where Bishop Farrar was burnt to death, March 30th, 1555, for holding the opinion that little children unb iptised could be saved. Mr Evans published (1) a sermon giving his religious views, 1794; (2) a quarterly magazi ne, of which only three numbers appeared commencing 1795; (3) a translation of LindsevV Catechist," 1796; (4) of Dr Franklin's "Poor Richard;" (5) of Elwall's trial, 1812; (6) of Priestley's Appeal," 1812; (7) of Belsham on Philosophical Necessity;" (8) a Welsh and English dictionary, composed while in ^risan (9) a volume of hymns. When Richard Wright went oa his missionary tour in Wales, Evans accompanied him, translating then and there the sermons into Welsh. Mr Evans died June 29th, 1833. and in the following February was succeeded* by John Jones, a Carmarthen student, who continued minister to his death, December 19th, 1863. To the usual duties of the pulpit Mr Jones added those of school-keep- ing. He published a sermon On Death-bed Repentance (2) a first book for Sunday Schools ( (3) a translation of Cogan's letter on the Trinity; (4) an exhortation to young men to turn to God (5) on the sin against the Holy Ghost; (6) his brother's poetical work," The Harp of Clettw Vale;" 12 mo., 260 pp ;(7) an essay on the Sabr bath; (8) a collection of psalms and hymns; (9) th testimony of the book of nature concerning God e
J. R. started a fortnightly magazine March 3rd, 1770, which was discontinued Sept. 15th off same year for want of support. A writer in "St. James's" for November attributes the origin of Welsh periodical literature to David Owen (Brutus), who was not born till 1795. t With Mr. Lindsey he had some correspondence, and some of Mr. Lindsey'a letters still remain about Afterdate, (10) God and His works in accordance with His Word; ('1) a series of letters on demoniacs, &c.,&o. For some-time previous to Mr Jones's death, owing to failing health, his pulpit was supplied by his son, who became minister in January, 1864. The old chapel was taken down and rebuilt in 1862, at a cost of JB750, of which something more than £120 still remains unpaid. The congregation is composed chiefly of working people, and owing to the depression of trade, removals by emigration, death, and other causes, they have been able to do but little of late towards the liquidation of thei. debt."
MOUNTAIN ASH LOCAL BOARD. The usual fortnightly meeting 'of the above Board was held on Monday, when the following members were present: Messrs. G. Wilkinson (in the chair), R. Williams, J. Griffiths, J. Gray, G. Brown, E. Thomas, D. Coleman, T. Jones, T. Edwards, and the Rev. J. W. Williams. The minutes of the last meeting were read and confi rmed. THE TAFF VALE RAILWAY FENCE. The Clerk read a letter from Mr Fisher, in reference to the fence wall in Oxford-street, stating that provided the Board would build a proper fence wall he (Mr Fisher) would advise the directors of the Taff Vale Railway Company to give £10 towards the cost The Rev. J. Williams enquired what the es- timated cost was. The Surveyor: JE32. The Chairman observed that the greatest im- provement would be the getting rid of the angle near the entrance to the station through the widening of the road. Mr Griffiths proposed, and Mr Williams seconded, that the Board do the work at once. The Clerk, however, previous to the proposition being put, suggested that the dimensions of the wall be forwarded to Mr Fisher first for his ap- proval, otherwise some objection might be raised. The Board acted upon this advice. TENDERS FOR SCAVENGING AND TEAM-WOBK. Tenders were received from Messrs. Richard John and Son (the present contractors) and Mr Francis Dunn, of Cardiff. Messrs. John offered to do the work for the same price as last year, the scavenging being £ 195 per annum. Mr Dunn's tender for scavenging was £ 156. There was a wide discrepancy, however, in the charges for team work, Messrs. John's prices in some instances being less than half those of Mr Dunn. The Rev. J. W. Williams proposed, and Mr E. Thomas seconded, that Messrs. John and Son's tender be accepted, which was agreed to. WATERING STREETS. The Clerk stated that he had written to Messrs. Nixon and Co. asking for their terms for the supply of water for watering streets, &o., but had received no reply. Mr Brown said that with regard to watering the streets it could not be done. The company were at present seeking for water from all possible sources so as to get sufficient to supply the public with water for domestic purposes, yet it was with great difficulty they could do so; and when the streets required watering the water was most scarce. He, therefore, could not recommeud Messrs. Nixon to supply water for watering streets, because they could not do it. At New- town they had gone to great expense in laying pipes from the feeder for the supply of that part, and the country around was completely paralysed for waut of water. Besides, he did not see that the ratepayers would be bonefited. by watering the streets. Rev. J. W. Williams: You say you cannot supply water at any price. Mr Brown: We have not got it. As regards extinguishing fire, I think yon have taken a step in the wrong direction. No one would be bene- fited by it, as you cannot have a sufficient pressure of water to force it very high, unless you have a fire engine. Mr Williams: I thought there would be no difficulty at all about getting plenty of water. Mr Brown said if they only looked back to last year thay wculd remember that the water was very scirco then, and at the colliery they were compelled to use water for the boilers from other sources than the company's mains. He saw no objection, however, to putting fire plugs in, but without a fit e engine, he felt sure, they could not reach the tops of the houses in the lowest streets. If the Board thought proper he would send their application to Mr Nixon, but, at present, the company could not supply water. company could not supply water. J Mr Griffiths asked if thoy could not put up another reservoir. Before the present company took to the water works there was a talk of ereoting another reservoir. Mr Brown did not see where they were to erect it unless it were on the top of the bank, a id stock water there. Even th 'n they could not get more pres.,ure than at present. If the Board would allow the matter to stand over till the neit meeting he would get the Surveyor to give fur- ther particulars as to the pressure of water, &c. The Surveyor intimated that he would furnish all particulars by that time. Mr Griffiths pointed out the unprotected state of the town at present in case of fire. A wholj street, he said, might be burnt down because they could not get to the river anywhere. The Chairman then proposed that the matter be adjourned till the next meeting, which was agreed to. FOOTPATHS O.V TURNPIKE ROABS. The Clerk, in accordance with an order at the last meeting, said he had looked into the above subj ct, arid was of opinion that the trustees of the county roads were not bound to make foot- paths. They might do so if they thought proper, but could not be compelled to. The Local Board had power to do so if they thought fit. Mr Rees Williams remarked that the county roads board were not likely to make footpaths unlets they oould be compelled-to. SURVEYOR'S REPORT. The following report of the Surveyor was then read :— To the Mountain Ash Local Board. Gentlemen,—I beg to lay before you plan and estimate of the cost of paving, curbing, channelling, and metalling Wind-street, Bethania-streot, and lower part of Seymour-street, Caegarw. I would recomend that notice be served upon the owners of property in the said streets, requiring them to carry out the said improvement, I beg to report that I have received a plan of a house from Mr Thomas Richards, to be bui It in Woodland-road, to which I do not see any ob. jection. J I be,, also to report that I have received a plan of a house from Mrs Clark to be built in Oraig-lane, to which I do not see any objection. I remain, Gentlemen, your obedient servant. t S. O. HARPUB, Surveyor. July 4th, 1870. The Surveyor's recommendations were adopted. INSPKCTOB'S BEPOBT The Inspector of Nuisances reported that he had served all notices ordered at the last meeting, which had been cooiptied with. David Evans was reported as having cows and pigs on his pre- mises at the back of Oxford-street, which were a great nuisance. An order, win* made that the nuisance should be removed forthwith. FINANCE. The finance committee's report was adopted. There was a balance of £394 18s. lid. in the bank. Cheques amounting to £102 6s. Od. were signed. This concluded the business.
(&b\itsxv& (We do not bold ourselves responsible for the opinions ot our Correspondents.) TO TIIB BDITOB OF "THE ABESDABB TIMES." SIR,-My attention has just been called to a letter which appeared in the last impression of the Aberdare Tines. The letter I refer to is written by one who signs himself A heavy Ratepayer." Who this sage is. I know not, much less do I care. But, judging from his botnbastio effusions, and with what authority he propounds his views, it appears to me that he considers him- sell a very important personage indeed. By virtue of hia position ana nativity, he takes upon ',1
BBEAKFAST.—SPPS'S Cocoa.—GRATEFUL CuMFOitnjjG.—Tne very agreeable charterer tbii preparation has rendered it a general fivourit*' The Civil Service Gazette is mirks:—" Tha si tig1*' lar success which Vlr./Epps attained ho noeopathic preparation of ooeoa has never b surpassed by any experimentalist. By a thorou^ kn >wle lge of tha natural laws which govern itlel 1 e*, operatiom of digestion and nutrition, and by careful ap;>licatio|yof the find properties of weIl" selected cocoa, Mr. Bppi has provided our break- fast tables with a delicately flavoured beverao which may save us many heavy doctor's billl. Made siinply with boiling water or milk. Sold only in 110., lib., and lib. tin-lined !.abell-d. -J .un", Eppoi & Co., Hoincfe^atlii* Chemists, London. Ssstoos AOOIDB** PuvasraiD -<• Not many weeks A*' a box ot m»t2hes nag left aceideot*tty in a Wa in this p*Hs St Hinver), anl ere it m.tohtna was P '1 in motion and the matches were teetered in every direati 1 Some probably found their way into the straw house, others a resting placu u tha stable or the oxeaall, and b'J they been ot ths old u-kerial. sua.i a Are would hive ooourr- as would hiye destroyodv.property to the aioonut of but bain* Brrant an I Hay's Patent Safety WaUhM, whi«s ight only on the bo*, po evil resulted." HOLLOWAY'S PILLS.—Blood to the Head. *» £ l* Symptoms of Apoplexy.-Hollow. Pills are undeni- ably the finest medicine in the World for bi}io«,r»e* indigestion, in all cases of derai^Ekl stomach, deter* miaati )n of blooj to the hea l, bOornsiiess, sick ache, liver complaints, which frequently end fab)tfl by prod uc ng apoplexy or paralysis There is no medl' cine known that Will give such immediate relief as tbe9* renowned Pills yOung and old, rich and poor patron* ise them, and so nilpnyfeares are effected by their uøØ that their praise isfatmrted from tbr torrid to the zune; in truth, persons who trnvc' consider necessary requisite. Frequently the blood btDO"1^ overheated, the liver torpid,U.-e skin instated hyprit&r ly heat, and the whole a) sten langoid and exhaust* Nothing so soon gives relief as Holloway's Pilla. LUXORIAWT AND BEAUTIFUL HAIR.—MUG. A A- ALLEN'S WORLD'S HAta RESTORER OR never fails to quickly restore Qrey or laded H**1' to itsyoutlaflll colour and beauty, and withthefiot applicitmu a beautiful glols"t.J delightful fragna<i«^ is given to the Hair. It stop* the Hair from falling otf> it prevents baldness^ It proaiotes luxuriant'growth* It caaae* the Hair to grow thick and strong. removes all dandruff, j It contains neither oil nor In large Bottles-Price Six Shillings. SoM b^ Chemist and Perfnmers. Depot, 266, High Hoibor". London.—FOR CHILDREN'S HAIR.—Mm. ALLEI*'8 ZYLOBALSAMUM far excels any pomale or luiroil* and is a delightful Hur Dres*in £ it is a (liUiitot ou". teparate preparation from the Restorer, and its cu* not required with it. Aovlce TO MOTHERS.—Are you broken of you'; rest by a s ck child, suffering with the pain of catting teeth? Go at once to a chemist, and get a bottle of MRs. WINLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP. It. will refjeVaJ the poor sufferer imrneJiacely j it is perfectly harmless i itproiuces natural quiet sleep,/by relieving the child from. and tha little cherahawakes as U bright. as 3. button." It has been long h, use ill Aioer;ca, and highly recommended by eaedic..t men; it is verf pleasant to take; it sdbthes the child; it softena tb* gums, allays all pain^ relieves wind, regulates tli# bowels, and is the best known remedy for dysenter* and diarrhoea, wbethet arising from teething or «tbe* causes. Be sore and ask for MRs. WINLOW'S Soora- ING SYRUP, and see that "Curtis and Perkins, York and London," is on the outside wrapper. mother should be without it.—Sold by all ale-Rdui, dealers at Is. lid. per Bottle. Lou Jon Depot, 493 Oxford-street. THOSE LADIES who have, not yet tried th* GLENFIKLD STARCH, are ratipectfully solicited to give it a trial, and carefull/iollow out the directions printed on every package. It is rather more difficult to makd than' other Starches, but when this is overoom^ tbey will say like the • Queen'* Laundress, that itWlhefinest SUrch they sver used. You say that the Laeiftr Matches you use, An the •• pataafef BrvMt and May;" Pray tell ftirthsr, whjf h it M chaosS Their best sp«eialV'$»i tall ma, pray t I'll tell you, most Madils^—listen to lae, And tne faot, th«fa, most widely make kaewn i From danger, throteirnr#, with their matohe* yon IN fraa For they light on no bo* but their I ABERDARE; Printed wd Published by JOSIAH THOMAS JONES and TmsoPHiiius Lisrioj JONES, at the ABERDAR* TIMES OFFICE, Commeroial-pUoa, Aberdare, j* the County of Glamorgan. SMOT&dax JULY 9, 1810..