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SHIPPJNG INTELLIGENCE. MARCH 6. ARRIVALS.-s Tripoli, Hamburg, light. Gun- hilde, London, ballast. SAILINGS.—s Hampton, Galatz, coal. MARCH 7. ARRIVALS.—s Embiricos, Hull, light, s City of Dundee, Liverpool, light, s Munificent, Antwerp, light, s Alacrity. William, Bridgwater, light. SAILINGS.—s Cranford, Buenos Ayres, coal. s Rosemorran, Port Said, coaL Mary, Parr, coal. s Mutual, Genoa or Savona, coal. MARCH 8. ARRIVALS.—Lota, Dunkirk, sand. s Cookham. s Loch Tay, Liverpool, light, s Charles Mitchell, Brest, light, s Watlington, Avonmouth, light. SAILINGS.—s Congo, Las Palmas, coal. s Bon- nington, Oporto, bunkers, s Rosella, St. Nazaire, coal. s Lodoga. s Clarissa Radcliffe, Marseilles, coal. s Tripoli, Galveston, coal. William. MARCH 9. ARRIVALS.—s North Devon, Havre, light. s Corso, Liverpool, light, s Skerryvore, Trewidden, Rouen, light, s Ashdene, Rotterdam, light. s Trevorian. s Activity, Dieppe, light. s Sinbad, Portsmouth, light. SAILINGS.—s Cookham, London, coal. s Ariadne Alexander, Port Said, coal. s Drummond, Singapore, coal. s Eppleton, Southampton, coal. s R. W. Boyd, Dedeagatch, coal. s Alacrity, Dieppe, coal. s Shelleto, Marseilles, coal. Embericos, Lavagan. MARCH 10. ARRIVALS.—Milton Park, Antwerp, via Cardiff. ballast. Bantam Cook, Barry Roads, stores, ex Vanduara. s Larpool, Bayonne, pitwood. s Racine. SAILINGS.—s Othole, Genoa, coal. s Helmsley, Genoa, coal. s Othon Stathatos, Brindisi, coal, s Activity, Sables d'Oloune. coal. s Charles Mitchell, Havre, coal. s Faedrelandet, Galatz, coal. Bantam Cock, Roads, light, s Ashdene. Sables d'Olonne, coal. s Corso, Carthagena, coal. MARCH 11. SAILINGS.—s Ataka, Perim, coal. s Orsino, Genoa, coal. s Watlington, Marseilles, coal. MARCH 12. ARRIVALS.—s Angelica, 739, Villagarcia, pit- wood. s Naples, 1,399, Antwerp, light, s Ardanbhan, 718, Nantes, light, s Suppicich, 839, London, light, s Solent, 447, Southampton, light. SAILINGS.—s Sinbad, Portsmouth, coal. MARCH 13. SAILINGS.—s Solent, Southampton, coal. s Lady Havelock, Granville, coal. MARCH 14. ARRIVALS.—s Michigan, 1799, Rotterdam, light. SAILINGS.—s Suppich, London, coal. s Munifi- cent, Port Said, coal. s Ardanbhan, St. Lucie. coal. s Trevorian, Constantinople. Cape Wrath, Cape Town, coal.
OPENING OF A DEACONESS INSTITUTION…
OPENING OF A DEACONESS INSTITUTION AT PENARTH. CEREMONY BY THE. BISHOP. On Tuesday afternoon last the Lord Bishop of LlandaffTiormally opened the Llandaff Diocesan. Deaconesses Institution at Penarth, and licensed the private chapel attached thereto for divine services. The Institution is housed in the premises formerly known as the Home of Mercy." situate at Morristown, and the owner, Lord Windsor, upon the Home being discontinued, very generously gave the use of the same to the Bishop for the present purpose. The premises are most suitable, and there is attachedl a splendidly fitted laundry which will augment the income of the place. The deacones3es at present are six in number, and there are several girls now in the institute. Provision has been made for accommodating twenty-eight inmates, of whom the deaconesses will take charge, and sanguine expectations are indulged in thau the establishment of the institute will prove of great va)ue in the diocese, as has been the case in other dioceses where similar institutions are in existence. The president is the Bishop of the Diocese; trustees, Mr O. H. Jones (Fonmon Castle) and Mr Jonas Watson; hon. secretary, Rev C. E. Griffiths a'ld hon. treasurer, Major- General Lee. For the present, the Rev W. Sweet- Escott has consented to provide for the services, fcc. The ceremony at the institute *ras preceded by a celebration of Holy Communion, and a short, service at All Saint's Church. The chapel was well filled at the opening service, there being imongt those present—Major-General Lee and Miss Lee, Mr O. H. Jones, Mr and Mrs Jonas Watson, Mrs S. A. Brain, Miss Edwards (St. Andrew's), Rev and Mrs Russell (Michaelstone). Rev E. S. Roberts, Rev Mr Rosedale (Canton), Rev ind Mrs S. Heathcoat, Rev and Mrs David (St. Fagan's), Rev F. P. Hill (St. Paul's, Grangetown). Rev Mr Davies (Gapalfa), Mrs Harding, Miss Williams, &c. A brief evening service was read by the Rector of Penarth (Rev W. Sweet-Escott), the Bishop reading the dispensation for the folding of divine service in the chapel, and it the conclusion of the service pronounced bhe Benediction. Tea was afterwards partaken )f by the guests, and at an after meeting a paper was read upon H The Duties and Studies of Deaconesses." Several ladies and gentlemen who were unable to attend sent cheques md gifts, Mrs Captain Roberts, of Belmont, New- port, sending a set of altar linen, and Archdeacon Drawley, ornaments for the Chapel. Donations ind subscriptions towards this deserving institute may be paid to the hon. treasurer, Major-General Lee, The Mount, Dinas Powis.
SHIPMENT OF COAL AT BARRY…
SHIPMENT OF COAL AT BARRY AND PENARTH. Under the auspices of the Bristol Channel Centre of Marine Engineers, Mr S. W. Allen (Cardiff) on Tuesday evening last delivered a lecture at the University College. Cardiff, on "Mechanical Appliances for the Shipment of Coal," illustrated by lime-light views and a series of models. The president (Professor A. C. Elliott) occupied the chair, and there was a numerous attendance. Mr Allen, in his lecture, gave an historical resume of the various methods employed in the transit and shipment of coal. The lecturer, having described some of the appliances in use during the early history of coal shipment in South Wales, directed attention to some of the systems of coal shipping by hydraulic power, and to Cardiff, Barry, New- port, and Swansea he said they should repair to see to what perfection hydraulic power had been applied for this purpose. The hydraulic tips made for Barry, &c., by Sir William Armstrong on the low level system were minutely described the scheme* for movable tipping arrangements brought out by Mr George Taylor (Penarth) and the tip. on a somewhat different principle, erected by Tannett, Walker, and Co., at the Alexandra Dock, Newport. Concluding, the lecturer expressed the opinion that no better system had ever been employed for shipping the very fragible South Wales steam coal than the system of boxes introduced 20 or 40 years ago, but as long as the demand for rapid shipment was so universal he was afraid it would be impossible to return to this very excellent arrangement. Movable coal tips certainly were the ideal method for rapid shipment, as by this arrangement coal could be loaded into every hatch- ways of the vessel at the same time, but it had been found in practice that with the best system of fixed tips, placed at sufficient distances apart, the coal can be shipped quite as fast as required, and when proper care was taken in using the anti-breakage boxes as little break- age occurred as in any other arrangement. In the discussion which followed the reading of the paper. Mr Councillor T. H. Riches said he had been asked to speak from the point of view of the locomotive engineer, but he claimed to speak also in the capacity of a constructor of tips. Mr Allen's paper, as far as he could judge, was up to date except in respect of the tips at Penarth Dock. These tips had recently been improved in design, and, he was bound to say, were an improvement on the system which obtained at Barry, and which Mr Allen seemed most to advocate.
SONS OF TEMPERANCE ANNIVERSARY…
SONS OF TEMPERANCE ANNIVERSARY AT PENARTH On Wednesday evening last the eleventh anni- versary of the Pride of Penarth Division, No. 580, of the Sons of Temperance Benefit Society was held at the Plassey-street Baptist Schoolroom. there being a large attendance. The proceedings com- menced with tea. of which over 200 partook, the tables being presided over by Miss Carpenter, Miss Crossling, Mrs Yand. Mrs Auskings, Misses Farr, Mrs Farr, jun., Miss Llewellyn, and Misses F. add A. Hayes, assisted by Messrs Auskings, H. Carpenter, Bellamy, J. Llewellyn. D. Lord, W. Farr, &c. After tea a public meeting was held under the presidency of Mr Robert Bevan, who was sup- ported by Bros. Padfield (presiding officer of the Cardiff Division), Bridgman (chief scribe), Ausk- ings (secretary "Pride of Penarth"), Brown, H. Carpenter, Farr, Lord, &c. Bro. Auskings (secre- tary) read a report which stated there were 97 good members at the close of last year, and seven new members had been added to the number. The financial position of the lodge was good, there being an increase of over E40 on the sick fund of last year.-Bro. Bridgman also gave statistics dealing with the Cardiff district.- The Chairman next presented to Bro Frank Farr, of the cadet section, with a testimonial, he having secured the largest number of new members during the year.—Bro J. Padfield congratulated the Pride of Penarth upon having attained its eleventh anniversary. The pioneers of temper- ance had worked hard. but he co uld not help thinking they had also left behind much work still to be done. They had tried to help on the work of temperance, and also strove to benefit its members in times of sickness. He was proud of the fact that his fellow-working men had united themselves in thousands and millions to carry out one of the finest principles of the Christian faith, Bear ye one another's burdens." He hoped the day was not far distant when these benefit societies would have encourage- ment from the higher powers. They had heard a great deal about old age pensions, but he amin- tained that the great mass of the members of the societies had a right to be consulted before that was done. As showing the increasing popularity of the society, he stated that it had 29,611 mem- bers in Great Britain, and the increase for last year was 999 members. With regard to the finances they had a fund of £ 8,909 14s 9d.-Bro Brown also spoke.—During the evening songs and recitations were given by the Misses Drew, Miss Jones, Mr Bellamy, and Mr E. Jones.
FIRE AT A PENARTH JEWELLERY…
FIRE AT A PENARTH JEWELLERY ESTABLISHMENT. This morning (Friday) an alarm of fire was raised, and the police were called to Mr Carl Wehrley's jewellery shop in Windsor-road, Penarth, wherefrom smoke and flames were seen issuing. Inspector Rutter, Sergeant Shattock, and a number of policemen were soon on the spot, and on an entrance being effected it was found that the fire had originated in an upstairs room, in the office of Mr Cornish, surveyor. The fire had burnt through the floor into the jewellery shop beneath, part of the ceiling and rafters falling upon a large showcase upon the counter, smashing it and considerably damaging a number of clocks and other articles of value. Constables Rees, Brown, Tucker, Evans, Skyrme, Angus, Thomas, and Phillips, together with the inspector and sergeant, worked hard to extinguish the fire, which they ultimately succeeded in doing, although not before a considerable amount of damage had been done. The fire was found to have occurred near the grate in Mr Cornish's room, and the joists had given way. Mr Wehrley is exceedingly unfortunate, this being, we believe, the third fire which has occurred on his premises. The damage is covered by insurance.
I COUNCILLOR JOTHAM AND THE…
COUNCILLOR JOTHAM AND THE COUNTY COUNCIL. A COMPLIMENT TO PEN'ARTH'S REPRESENTATIVE. At a meeting of the Standing Joint Committee of the Glamorgan County Council held on Monday last, County Councillor Jotham was publicly thanked by the chairman and members for his services on the Stores Committee, the chairman remarking that a considerable amount of expense and trouble had been saved by the work Councillor Jotham had carried out.
PENAETH CRICKET CLUB.
PENAETH CRICKET CLUB. On Wednesday evening last a meeting of the Penarth Cricket Club Committee was held, when the matter of the proposed football mrtch in aid of clearing off the debt, was discussed, and it was decided that it should be held about the 10th of April, when it is hoped the debt will be entirely wiped off. It was determined that a professional be engaged for the coming season, an opinron being expressed that if the club had not a professional it would lose ground, and stand on a ar with insignificant teams.
PENARTH LOCAL BOARD AND THE…
PENARTH LOCAL BOARD AND THE BARRY RAILWAY. A CASE FOR THE RAILWAY COMMISSIONERS. The Penarth Local Board have given instructions to their clerk (Mr J. W. Morris) to prepare a case for submission to the railway commissioners with a view of compelling the Barry Railway Company to run through trains and adopt a system of inter- change passenger tickets between Penarth and Barry. It is contended on behalf of the Barry Company that, whereas fully twenty thousand passengers travel over the Barry Railway, very few indeed make weekly use of the Taff Vale line between Penarth and Cadoxton, so that the Barry -Company do not feel justified in granting the facilitits asked for.
PENARTH SHIPMENTS LAST WEEK.,
PENARTH SHIPMENTS LAST WEEK. The coal shipments at Penartn Dock and Barbour last week amounted to 36,211 tons 0 cwt, 'the daily totals being as follow :— T. c. Monday 6,448 0 Tuesday 5,168 0 Wednesday 4,246 0 Thursday 3,832 0 Friday. 8,866 0 Saturday 7,651 0 Total 36,211 0
BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER. Best Baking BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER. Powder in the BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER. World, Whole- BORWICK'S BAKING POWDER, some, Pure, & BOR WICK'S BAKING POWDER. Free from Alum
CORRESPONDENCE. [The Editor desires to state that he does not necessarily endorse the opinions expressed by correspondents.] "Give me, above all other liberties, the liberty to know, to utter, and to arlue freely, according to conscience. "-John Milton. THE NEED OF PUBLIC CONVENIENCES AT BARRY DOCK. To the Editor of the "BARRY DOCK NEWS." SIR,—Business calls me to the dock side at Barry every day, and during my peregrinations I have frequently been accosted with the remark that there are no public conveniencies whatever in. the neighbourhood of the police cabin, the con- sequence being that the many hundreds of persons who frequent this locality suffer a great deal of inconvenience. May be if this comes under the eye of the general manager of the Barry Company he will be persuaded to order the provision of facilities which will remove the want at present filt.—Yours faithfully, X.Y.Z. THE LATE FOOTBALL SCANDAL AT CAD- OXTON-BARRY LETTER FROM ONE OF THE BROS. WOODFIELD. To the Editor of the "BARRY DOCK NEWS." gIE)—Seeing in the last issue of the Barry Bock News some comments regarding the football scandal at Cadoxton, I should like to know what is meant by the allegation that we were induced on certain grounds to leave the Barry team. I beg to say that I was not induced, as I am my own master, and can play for whom I like, and as for being riled for not being selected by the Barry Club, I beg to say that the Barry Club has not had the chance to select me, as I have not been a member this season. As to the statement of riding rough-shod." I think a little of that blame could go to some of the Barry players, who were heard to say before the match they intended to cripple one Cardiff player, and as I am not the other two men's keeper I cannot help what they do but the way the spectators treated us was shameful, just because we had left the Barry club -nothing but a case of jealousy. Thanking you for inserting this in your paper, I am, &c., JOHN WOODFIELD. 8, Coigne-terrace, Cadoxton, March 10,1894. THE PROPOSED FOOTBRIDGE AT BARRY DOCK. To the Editor of the BARRY DOCK NEWS." DEAR SIR,—I was pleased to read in the report of the Chamber of Trade meeting in your last issue reference made to the need of a footbridge over the public railway crossing near Andrew's Coffee Tavern at Barry Dock, and that the members of the chamber had decided to approach the Barry Railway Company on the matter. It is a great inconvenience and loss to have to wait so frequently at this place while mineral trains are passing. People also, when the gates are closed, climb over the railings, and walk across the line, which,|I think, is a very dangerous practice. Hoping the chamber will bring this suggestion strongly before the company, and that a footbridge will soon be put up there-Yours, &c., SUFFERER. SICK HEADACHE. To the Editor of the BARRY DOCK NEWS." DEAR SIR,—Mrs }Vyatt, of 34, Upper Green, Newcastle-undcr-Lyne, states that after suffering exoruciating tortiures-in the way of pains between I the shoulders and across the bowels, sick head- aches, and fainting feelings—for nearly twenty- two years, and having spent no end of money on doctor's medicine to no avail, was entirely curea two years ago by takh x four bottles of Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters, nd has not been troubled since. She lately purcha,s, 4 bottle for her husband, who has since derived at benefit from the first bottle.—Yours faith D. F N, A.P.S., uist, Newcastle, Staffs. See that the na fm Evans is on stamp, label, and bottl numerous imitations. BARRY LOC. IND THE SALARIES 'N. To the Edi HRY DOCK NEWS." DEAR SIR, iy Jgrant me space in your vale foto words in reply to Engine v-e- subject ? I am able to prc team roller man's efficiency, jluty I believe he does as mu, 1 Cardiff. En. gine Driver work is decreas- ing, when .,e of those that know me 3 to, he would find his since about eight mo the tone of "Engine is prejudiced against tl should advise Engine 1 jcrs as salaries, &c., to wist. his. I believe the membe are gentlemen, and know m ?ine Driver the value of a cc yself, consider he is worth quit 3idering he has to stand all wea' as to attend to all roads in St. Powis, Cadoxton, Eastbrook, anc ilway Company.— I am, dear sir, J MACHANIC. Cadoxton, Mai
A DISHON YOUTH AT PEN. L'H.
A DISHON YOUTH AT PEN. L'H. ROBBING A MEMBER OF THE LOCAL BOARL. Before Major Thornley and Mr J. Pyke Thomp- son, at Penarth Police Court on Monday last, a youth named James Thomas was charged with stealing a quantity of lead piping and a trough, value 20s, the property of Mr George Pyle, a mem- ber of the Penarth Local Board. The evidence of Mr Pyle, a lad named William Gaunton, amd Con- stable Phillips showed that the property was stolen from No. 7, Paget-place, Penarth. In reply to the charge prisoner said he found the goods in the" plantation and on the beach.-The accused, who had been in trouble before, was now sent to prison for a week.
A WOMAN ROBS A BARRY SAILOR.
A WOMAN ROBS A BARRY SAILOR. At Cardiff Police Court on Tuesday last-before Messrs Daniel Lewis and C. H. Evans-Bridget Milward, 29, was charged with stealing £ 3 10s in gold, from the person of John Dolan, in a railway carriage on the Barry Railway, between Barry and Cardiff, on Monday night.-The evidence was to the effect that prosecutor, a sailor, entered the train at Barry with the money in his possession. Milward was in the carriage, and it was alleged she put her hand in the prosecutor's waistcoat pocket and took the purse and money. At Cardiff prisoner gave a purse to Police-constable Herni- man, who arrested her.—Prisoner was committed to the quarter sessions for trial.
PENARTH LOCAL BOARD AND TAFF…
PENARTH LOCAL BOARD AND TAFF VALE BILL. A private meeting of the Penarth Local Board was held on Monday evening last, under the presidency ot Mr T. Bevan, for the purpose of considering the terms of the Taff Vale Railway Company's Parliamentary Bill so far as they applied to the board's district. It was eventually decided to submit a number of suggestions on the I matter to the company.
THE CONTINUITY QUESTION
THE CONTINUITY QUESTION To the Editor of the BARRY DOCK NEWS." SIR,-Before you close this controversy, kindly permit me to state a few facts which may be interesting as well to your Roman Catholic readers as to Churchmen. The" continuity" of the Church of England—otherwise Apostolic suc- cession-is alleged to have been forfeited on the appointment of Parker, the first Archbishop under Queen Elizabeth, from the alleged fact that he was not consecrated under a particular form at that time the rule of the Roman Church. All the bishops appointed under the reign of Edward- Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer, and Rooper were burnt alive-and the others were expelled. For that reason the Marian bishops refused to join in the consecration of Parker with their form. The form of consecration was neither scriptural nor Apostolical. The first record we have of a trans- mission of Apostolical Succession" was on the occasion of appointing a successor to Judas. It Kvas by casting lots. We read of no other form. The ancient form of consecration of bishops-but when introduced I am unable to say-was by lay- ing on of hands by two or more bishops with the gift of the Holy Ghost. According to the Roman Ritualist, Morinus, this form was subsequently adopted in the ordination of priests-when he does not tell us. Only properly ordained priests could be made bishops. Orders of the priesthood was first authoritatively declared to be sacrament by the Council of Florence in 1439. Cassander, an eminent Roman Divine, stated that previous to the time of Peter Simiard (12th century) the num- ber of the sacraments as being seven was not determined in the Church (Cassand. de num. Sac. Art. xiii., p. 951 Pau's 1616). and Cardinal Bellartnine said that Dominicus Soto, whom he calls a very learned man, asserted that Episcopal Ordination is not truly and properly a sacrament. (Dioput. Tom. iii.. p. 718, Prag. 1721.) However, the Council of Trent has dogmatically declared that orders is a sacrament instituted by Christ. Now, the Trent Catechism lays down In the sacraments of the new law the form is so definite that any, even a. casual, deviation from it renders the sacrament null." (Donovan's Translation, pp. 146. Dublin" 1829.) If that be so, every ordination previous to 1439 was invalid, for the Council of Florence instituted, for the first time, that tb tter of the sacrament should be th aeiivery oi chalice, with wine and water, and a paten witn a host lying on it; and that the form, or ordination act, should in future be Receive then the power to offer sacrifices to God, and to celebrate masses, both for the living and the dead, in the name of the Lord. Decret. Union. Lab. et loss, lom. xviii., col. 550, Venet. 1728.) Morinus, the learned Roman Ritualist, clearly proves that this form was never used in the church for 1,000 years. If that be so, either all the administrations of this sacra- ment previous to 1439 were invalid, or a new order of priesthood was created in that year. Utrum horum maris accipe." If the latter form, then Roman priests were ordained, and bishop3 regularly consecrated only in 1439. The Edwarden bishops did not use that form, but the amcient form of ordination and consecration. The Elizabethan bishops were invited to attend the Council of Trent, but they refused. Pius IV. asked the Council of Trent to declare the Eliza- bethan bishops unlawful, but they declined to do so. Julius III. addressed a brief to Cardinal Pole, dated 8th March, 1554, desiring him to absolve and reconcile the bishops and priests made in England under Edward VI., but not directing him to re-ordain them, though they had received no sort of commission to sacrifice. The question of valid consecration of our bishops was brought before the Council of Trent by the Irish Bishop Fitz- maurice, who maintained the validity of Angliean consecration, and they admitted that the Anglican Bishops had due vocation, election, consecration, and mission." "Quæ sententia omnibus placere maxime visa ert." (Le Plat. Mon. Concil, Frid. Tom. v. p. 578). Dr Lingard, the Roman Catholic priest and historian, referring to the appointment of bishops under Queen Elizabeth, admitted that: The consecration (of Parker) was performed, though with little variation, according to the ritual of Edward VI." Two of the consecrators, Barlow and Hodgkins, had been ordained as bishops according to the Roman Pontifical; the other two according to the reformed ordinal. Wilkins iv., 193. Of this consecration there can be no doubt. Perhaps in the interval between the refusal of the Catholic prelates and the performance of the ceremony some meeting may have taken place at the Nag's Head, which gave rise to the story." (History of England, Edit. 1823, vol. viii., p. 500). This passage has been emitted from the edition of 1855, but in that edition we read (vol. vi., appendix D.D.) Dr Lingard pronounces the Nag's Head story a fable. When an attempt was made for a re-union of the Anglican and Gallican Churches, the subject of due consecration of our bishops was three times minutely investigated. The proper consecration of our bishops was admitted, and this was endorsed by Bishop Bossuet, who said that our orders and consecrations were as valid as their own. (See Courayer Defence de la dissertation Pierces Justicatives iv. Bruxelles, 1726. The Church of Rome has never authoritatively declared Anglican orders to be invalid. The hue and cry was first raised in England on the passing of the Ecclesiastical Titles Act of 1851. But what do we care what these foreign Italian missionaries assert? Their territorial titles are declared by the law of England illegal, and subjects the holders to penalties. Apostolic succession consists in the faith of the apostles, and, to quote the words of Jerome, What does it signify if human ignorance should exclude us from the list of the earthly congregation, so long as an evil conscience does not blot us out of the Book of Life.Yours obediently, C. H. COLLETTE. 16, Denbigh-street, S.W. SIR,-In reply to the Undivided gentleman, I did not say Archbishop Benson was St. Augustine's successor, but that the archbishop says he is. I shall be much obliged to your correspondent if he will state where English per- reformation Christianity came from, if not from Rome. I do not think any fair-minded person will see any difference between Head of the Church and Supreme Governor in all ecclesiastical causes," it is a distinction without a difference. He apparently forgets that when Henry VIII. found the clergy had added quantum per legem Dei leset" to his claim to be head of the Church, he said. I thought to have made fools of them, but they are like to make a fool of me with their quantum." This was in 1531. In 1534 came another oath without any "quantum" clause, giving the supremacy of the Church to Henry and his successors. I should not have thought that any one could imagine the giving of a title like I- Defender of the Faith" involed infallibility. How many times have we told our Protestant f riends that a Pope is only infallible when teaching the whole Church on faith or morals ? At the Reformation, the supreme authority, which, till that time, had been exercised in the Church by the Pope, was usurped by Henry, and the subsequent changes made were so grave that there was more difference between the Pre-Reformation Church and its successor than now exists between a modern Church of England and a Baptist chapel. Altars were torn down, holy water abolished, crucilL-i- uLatues of saints, etc., destroyed, priests became ministers, the ordination form being altered to correspond with the new form of worship, which was prayer and not sacrifice. Our Lord promised that His Church should never fail, that the spirit of truth and He Himself should remain with her for ever. There was, therefore, no need for Henry to tamper with the Church, and if we say she failed and needed reforming we con- tradict our Lord, Who said the gates of hell should never prevail against her. The teaching of the synagogue never failed, see Deut. 17th chap., 8 to 13 verses. Here our Lord said, "The Scribes and Pharisees sit in Moses' chair," etc. He could never have said that had the synagogue failed. It is one thing for a certain portion of Jews or Catholics to have fallen away, and quite another for God to have broken His promises, either to the Jewish or Catholic Church. The synagogue pre- figured the indefectibility and infalli- bility of the Catholic Church. When 1 religions disputes arise, either there is a recognised central authority which settles the matter (and this has been God's system both in the old and new law), or there is not. This latter want has caused the numerous sects of Protes- tantism. St Paul says sects exclude from the kingdom of heaven. As to Henry's washing the face of the Church of England, I think all un- blinded by prejudice must allow that it more resembled a pugilistic attack. I believe the vanquished in such cases is generally in a con- dition that his own mother would not know him, and certainly it would have been hard to recognise the Church after Henry's assault. I suppose your correspondent alludes to the Papal dispensation by which Henry married Catherine of Aragon, his brother's widow, as -a gross breach of the laws of God." It did not involve the Divine law at all, but was a law of the Church, which, as she made it, she could abrogate it. He forgets that the Jewish law, which was given direct from God, enjoined such marriages. A new definition in morals no more alters the Catholic Church than a new Act of Parliament changes the British Constitution it is the legitimate action of an established authority. Divine in one ease, human in the other. I may observe Dr Salmon is well- known to Catholics as a mis-representer of Catholic doctrines. As to Mr Kirk, the Council of Jeru- salem was the model of all succeeding councils. St. Peter had previously defended his conduct in preaching to the Gentiles (Acts XI.) He again related what he had done, and also alluded to the question before the Council, saying it was tempt- ing God to put a yoke (i.e., of circumcision) on the disciples. He is mentioned as the first to rise up and speak authoritatively on the matter; the Council agreed with him (St. James was Bishop of Jerusalem, and it was in that capacity that he spoke) and issued a decree which is a definition of faith, viz., that the law of Moses is not binding on Christians, a definition of morals, viz., that forni- cation is not permitted to Christians, and a disciplinary decree to abstain from things sacri- ficed to idols, from blood, and things strangled. If St. Paul withstood St. Peter in the sense in which Mr Kirk supposes (for the fathers put many different interpretations on this passage) he was only doing what other bishops have frequently done to the successors of St. Peter, for, like Peter, they m&y err in judgment or conduct. As I said before, it is only when solemnly teaching the whole Church on faith or morals that a Pope is infallible. The Bible, and the Bible only, is not the rule of faith followed by Catholics, nor is it a secure one, having produced all the divisions of Protestantism. It is not necessary to go to St. Paul for a proof of papal infallibility, as a greater than he said, I have prayed for thee, Peter, that thy faith fail not," and that which cannot fail is infallible. As to the immaculate conception, the Archangel Gabriel declared Our Blessed Lady" full of grace." Why does the Church of England number The Conception of the Virgin among her festivals, and place it on the very day (8th December) on which we Catholics keep it, if there is nothing out of the common about it?—I remain, sir, faith- fully yours, A. E. P. Ross. To the Editor of the BARRY DOCK NEWS." DEAR SIR,-Let me again accuse Romanist controversialists of want of candour. I can prove my case from the letters of A. E. P. Ross and the other correspondent who agrees with him. While the former thinks that the character of Henry VIII. tells against the Church of England he will not admit that it makes any tangible differerce whether the heads of his own church were good, bad, or indifferent. Then he asserts that no Pope can be proved to have taught bad doctrine. Of course not. I have already shown that a Protestant invention of thirty years ago is now held by Romanists as part of their faith. Did not Mr Ross admit this ? It is no wonder, indeed, that Protestants fall into mistakes about these matters, seeing that Romanists are them- selves in such a muddle with regard to them. Could Mr Ross inform us who may be the historian that has cleared up the character of Pope Alexan- der VI. ? To what school of German historians he may belong ? Is he a Roman special pleader," or an impartial writer ? I can easily quote many Roman Catholic writers in favour of my uwn position. Ruffinus, a Roman presbyter, says that the Nicene Council decreed that at Alexandria and in the city of Rome the ancient custom should be observed-that the Bishop of Alexandria should bear the responsibility of the Churches of Egypt, and the Bishop of Rome of the Suburbican Churches," that is to say, the jurisdiction of the latter extended only to parts of Italy, ^icily, Sardinia, and Corsica. Why the very word Church shows (from its derivation) that the English Church had no Italian origin. Where is there a proof of any bishop of Rome having exercised authority in this country for six hundred years after Christ? Will Mr Ross admit the existence at any time of certain documents known as the forged decretals ? If he does admit it, can he further inform us had these forged documents any effect on the power of the Roman Bishops ? Can he explain how it is that the British Church differed from the Roman in the manner of administering Baptism, in the custom of keeping Easter, and in certain other respects if, as he states, it is true that the Britains had first been converted by missionaries sent by a pope ? The Church of Jerusalem, not the Church of Rome, is the mother of all Churches." Even Pope Gregory the Great condemned another patriarch for attempting to appropriate the title of universal bishop; he said, Quisquis se universalem sacerdotem vocat Anti- Christum praecurrit." Has "A. E. P. Ross," .n his historical gleanings, been permitted by his spiritual director to cast a sidelong glance at the account of the great schism of the west," during which, for a very considerable period, one pope reigned at Avignon and another at Rome ? As to the false statement alleged to be taken from the Acts of the Holy Apostles," that has been well answered. I deny the truth of" A. E. P. Ross'" statements concerning the pilgrim fathers, &c., the Spanish Inquisition, and his insinuation that Elizabeth was a worse persecutor than her sister Mary (properly called Bloody "). When disposing of these denials a plausible explanation of the Massacre of S. Bartholomew's Day would also fit in well. Did His Holiness strike a medal in commemoration of that glorious event ? My advice to John Hobson Matthews is to go on studying Wilkins' Concilia," and he may find much useful information, which he does not at present possess, in reference to the Church of England. However, I do not admit the authority of any synod, such as that alleged to have been held at Exeter in 1287, to make decrees annulling those of the first four General Councils. I sh. 1 be glad to see the morality statistics of the Ro -an Catholic countries referred to published, so long as they are given uncooked.-Yours, in the one faith, A PRIEST OF THE UNDIVIDED CHURCH. To the Editor of the "BARRY DOCK NEWS." SIR,-I am pleased to find A. E. P. Ross needs no reminding of the existence in England of Christian Bishops on the arrival of St. Augustine in 597, notwithstanding the previous statement made by him that Christianity came with St. Augustine from Rome." I must leave for the present the question as to truth of the story respecting Eleutherius and Lucius. Your corres- pondent states "that as a matter of fact the authority of the Pope was always acknowledged and obeyed by Bishops." Now, will A. E. P. Ross kindly give me a reference to any historian who states that the seven British Bishops who met St. Augustine in conference about 630 A.D. acknow- ledged and obeyed the authority of the Pope ? We are told by Bede that they refused to recognise the pope as father of fathers as claimed and demanded by St. Augustine. I ask your corres- pondent to give me a single instance of an oath of allegiance being taken to the pope during the first 400 years of the Christian era. Now, as to the personal character of the popes, I am aware that Romanists are not at present obliged to believe a pope impeccable" they were not required to believe a pope infallible before 1870, but we live in an age of development," and who can tell what our friends may be obliged to believe, say, about 1970 ? If the wickedness of the popes does not invalidate their official character," why should the wickedness of Henry VIII. invalidate the work of reformation done by the bishops and clergy of the Church of England in the 16th century ? As to the truth of the accusations quoted by we iu my previous letter against^certain popes, let me say this, Dupin," whose authority as a French Catholic historian must be admitted, gives the very words of the deposition of John XXIII. by the Council of Florence also the words of the accusation made against him before the Council. The first few words of the deposition are as follows Whereas to us it has been made mani- festly to appear that our Lord Pope John XXIII. has ever since his promotion to the papacy ill administered that office, that by his damnable life and execrable manners he has set a bad example to the people," &.c. for these reasons we pronounce, decree, and declare, by this our present sentence, that he said Lord Pope John ought to be suspended from all administration in spirituals as well as temporals belonging to him as pope, and we declare him accordingly actually suspended for his notorious simony and wicked life. As to Alexander VI., I am not aware a clear character has been made in Germany" for him. Will your correspondent kindly give me the names of the German historians alluded to! Until then, let me substitute another name, Sergius III. Of this pope Cardinal Baronius writes he was the slave of every vice, and the most wicked of men." (Baronius ad. ann. 908.) But I suppose Cardinal Baronius was only another atrocius calumniator of the Church. A. E. P. Ross further states, It has never been proved that any pope taught bad doctrine." What does your correspondent require in proof, and what does he mean by bad doctrine ? Does he refer to faith and morals? I maintain they have taught bad doctrine in both faith and morals. Pope Liberius was condemned by St. Hilary, of Poitiers, for his Arianism. Anathema I say to thee, Liberius, and thy companions." Again, and a third time, anathema to thee, prevaricator Liberius." Pope Honorius was condemned for his defence of the Monothelite heresy in the 13th session of the 6th (Erumenical Council held at Constantinople in 683 A.D. The words of the council are, We order that Honorius, who was pope of Ancient Rome, be cast out of the Church of God and anathematised, because we find by his writings to Sergius, that he has in all things followed his mind, and confirmed his impious dogmas." (Labbe et Cossart. Coll. Councils, torn 111, page 1625). Labbe was a French Jesuit. These two instances of papal fallibility will suffice as to faith. Now as to morals. Pope Pius VII. required Bishops on receiving the Pallium to swear—" I will, to the utmost of my power, persecute and attack heretics and schismatics against the same our Lord the Pope and his successors." Will A. E. P. Ross say this is good doctrine ? Again, Boniface VIII. decreed that the city of Proeneste be no longer a city, no longer be inhabited that henceforth no man presume to build or dwell there. We deprive it of all the privileges, rights, and liberties that it has ever enjoyed, and have ordered it to undergo the fate of old Carthage, in Africa that is, that not one stone be left upon another." (Raynald ad. ann. 1298.) Will your correspondent say this, also, is good doctrine ? The claims made by Popes to absolve subjects from their oaths taken to princes is well known, and in our own day the law of God has been set aside by the Pope (of course, for a consideration), and a man allowed, with the Church's benediction, to marry his own niece.-I am, &c., A.C.K.
GLAMORGAN CONSTABULARY PROMOTIONS. HOW THEY AFFECT THE BARRY DISTRICT. The following promotions and transfers in the Glamorgan Constabulary will take place on the 17th instSupt. Thomas James Wake, deputy chief constable, superannuated Supt. Evan Jones, B Division to be deputy chief constable Inspector John F. Giddings, D Division, to be superintendent, and take charge of E Division, with headquarters at Barry Dock Sergt. Alfred Thomas to be inspector, chief clerk, and store- keeper at headquarters Inspector Wm. Meylei transferred from Gowerton to Pontardawe; Sergt. John Stanfield transferred from Ely to head quarters, to be county drill-instructor and assistant-storekeeper. It was also rumoured in the district on Monda3 that Inspector E. Rees, of Barry Dock, being i full-service officer, had decided to tender his resig nation. Also that Acting-Sergeant W. Gammon Barry Dock, had been promoted to the rank o sergeant, and be stationed at Porth, Rhondd: Valley. These changes have not yet beei officially confirmed.
PENARTH DEBATING SOCIETY DINNER.
PENARTH DEBATING SOCIETY DINNER. The annual dinner of the Penarth Debating Society was held at the Penarth Hotel on Monday evening last, when the chairman (Mr G. Clarry) presided, supported by the Rev. J. Baker, Coun- cillor Jotham, Mr Ballinger. Mr E. Curthoys, Mr J. Andrews, Lieutenant Tweedy, Mr Byrne, Mr C. P. Stoddart, Mr Dalziel. and a numerous com- pany. The dinner was served in excellent style, and after the loyal toast had beem honoured, followed the Houses of Parliament," proposed in an excellent speech by Mr John Andrews, and responded to by Mr E. Curthoys. Other toasts were suitably honoured, the speaking being un- usually good—a testimony to the success of the society. An interesting programme of music, &c., was interspersed by the Penarth Glee Society, Mr W. B. Ronnfeldt, Mr A Harper, and others, and a very enjoyable evening was spent.
SERIOUS POSITION OF A PENARTH…
SERIOUS POSITION OF A PENARTH MARRIED WOMAN. The Penarth magistrates (Major Thornley and J. Pyke Thompson) had before them on Monday last a case in which Kate Melroy. a well-dressed respectable-looking married woman, was charged with being drunk and riotous in Dock-road, Penarth. on Saturday night.-Police- constables David Thomas and Ebenezer Rees stated the woman was helplessly drunk and very disorderly, and had to be carried to the police-station, where she was detained.-The Bench sent the woman to prison for fourteen days, in default of paying a fine of 2s 6d and costs.
THE FOOTBALL SCANDAL AT CADOXTON-BARRY.
THE FOOTBALL SCANDAL AT CADOXTON-BARRY. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS TO BE TAKEN. Many of our readers will be gratified to hear that it has been decided by the Barry District A.F.C. to take legal proceed ings against the Cardiff | football player. Joe Woodl^ld, of Cadoxton, for the gross assault on the lad Griffiths while at play I at Cadoxton last Saturday week. Mr F. P. Jonee- Lloyd, solicitor. Barry Dock, has been retained for | the prosecution.